Results for 'Michael Anthony Ialacci'

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  1. An Empirical Basis for Psychological Egoism.Michael Anthony Slote - 1964 - Journal of Philosophy 61 (18):530-537.
    In the present paper I wish to argue that psychological egoism may well have a basis in the empirical facts of human psychology. Certain contemporary learning theorists, e.g., Hull and Skinner, have put forward behavioristic theories of the origin and functioning of human motives which posit a certain number of basically "selfish, " unlearned primary drives or motives (like hunger, thirst, sleep, elimination, and sex), explain all other, higher-order, drives or motives as derived genetically from the primary ones via certain (...)
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  2. Concerning the Resilience of Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (3):399-420.
    Against its prominent compatiblist and libertarian opponents, I defend Galen Strawson’s Basic Argument for the impossibility of moral responsibility. Against John Martin Fischer, I argue that the Basic Argument does not rely on the premise that an agent can be responsible for an action only if he is responsible for every factor contributing to that action. Against Alfred Mele and Randolph Clarke, I argue that it is absurd to believe that an agent can be responsible for an action when no (...)
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  3.  72
    The Theory of Important Criteria.Michael Anthony Slote - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (8):211-224.
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  4. On the Possibility of Exactly Similar Tropes.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Abstracta 6 (2):158-177.
    In this paper I attempt to show, against certain versions of trope theory, that properties with analyzable particularity cannot be merely exactly similar: such properties are either particularized properties (tropes) that are dissimilar to every any other trope, or else universalized properties (universals). I argue that each of the most viable standard and nonstandard particularizers that can be employed to secure the numerical difference between exactly similar properties can only succeed in grounding the particularity of properties, that is, in having (...)
     
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  5.  39
    Induction and Other Minds.Michael Anthony Slote - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):341-60.
    In "Induction and Other Minds," Plantinga casts the Argument from Analogy in the form of an inductive argument in the following way.
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  6. Sir Michael Anthony Eardley Dummett, 1925-2011.R. G. Heck - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica 21 (1):1-8.
    A remembrance of Dummett's work on philosophy of mathematcis.
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  7.  37
    Concerning the Resilience of Galen Strawson's Basic Argument.Michael Anthony Istvan Jr - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 155 (3):399 - 420.
    Against its prominent compatiblist and libertarian opponents, I defend Galen Strawson's Basic Argument for the impossibility of moral responsibility. Against John Martin Fischer, I argue that the Basic Argument does not rely on the premise that an agent can be responsible for an action only if he is responsible for every factor contributing to that action. Against Alfred Mele and Randolph Clarke, I argue that it is absurd to believe that an agent can be responsible for an action when no (...)
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  8.  12
    In Homage to Descartes and Spinoza: A Cosmo‐Ontological Case for God.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2021 - Philosophical Forum 52 (1):41-64.
    Integrating cosmological and ontological lines of reasoning, I argue that there is a self-necessary being that (a) serves as the sufficient condition for everything, that (b) has the most perfect collection of whatever attributes of perfection there might be, and that (c) is an independent, eternal, unique, simple, indivisible, immutable, all-actual, all-free, all-present, all-powerful, all-knowing, all-good, personal creator of every expression of itself that everything is. My cosmo-ontological case for such a being, an everything-maker with the core features ascribed to (...)
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  9.  58
    Some Thoughts on Goodman's Riddle.Michael Anthony Slote - 1967 - Analysis 27 (4):128 - 132.
  10. Hegel and the fundament of war in the being-for-itself. Reflections in relation with the just war.Michael Anthony Mayne-Nicholls Klenner - 2022 - Revista de Filosofía 20 (2):23-53.
    En la presente investigación se reflexionará sobre la guerra y su naturaleza en el contexto del sistema filosófico de Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, estableciendo como su fundamento ontológico la categoría del ser-para-sí o autoafirmación, aquella necesidad de toda autoconciencia que pretende ser libre, y que se alcanza a través del proceso dialéctico del reconocimiento. Se contrastará esta concepción con la clásica noción de guerra justa planteada por Tomás de Aquino, examinando el lugar que la negatividad del mal tiene en ambos (...)
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  11. Some thoughts on Goodman's riddle.Michael Anthony Slote - 1967 - Analysis 27 (4):128.
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  12.  69
    The Link Between Berkeley’s Refutation of Abstraction and His Refutation of Materialism.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2011 - Methodus 6:78-105.
    This paper engages the controversy as to whether there is a link between Berkeley’s refutation of abstraction and his refutation of materialism. I argue that there is a strong link. In the opening paragraph I show that materialism being true requires and is required by the possibility of abstraction, and that the obviousness of this fact suggests that the real controversy is whether there is a link between Berkeley’s refutation of materialism and his refutation of the possibility of framing abstract (...)
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  13.  61
    Gould Talking Past Dawkins on the Unit of Selection Issue.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):327-335.
    My general aim is to clarify the foundational difference between Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Dawkins concerning what biological entities are the units of selection in the process of evolution by natural selection. First, I recapitulate Gould’s central objection to Dawkins’s view that genes are the exclusive units of selection. According to Gould, it is absurd for Dawkins to think that genes are the exclusive units of selection when, after all, genes are not the exclusive interactors: those agents directly engaged (...)
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  14.  26
    Value Judgments and the Theory of Important Criteria.Michael Anthony Slote - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (4):94-112.
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  15.  21
    Empirical Certainty and the Theory of Important Criteria.Michael Anthony Slote - 1967 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4):21 – 37.
    Philosophers frequently treat certainty as some sort of absolute, while ordinary men typically do not. According to the Theory of Important Criteria, on which the present paper is based, this difference is not to be explained in terms of ambiguity or vagueness in the word?certain?, but rather in terms of disagreement between ordinary men and philosophers as to the importance of one of the criteria of the ordinary sense of?certain?. I argue that there is reason to think that certainty is (...)
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  16. Análisis Nominalista de Una Entidad Que Está Siendo Caracterizada / “Nominalist Analyses of an Entity Being Charactered.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2013 - Discusiones Filosóficas 13 (21):87-93.
    This paper is intended primarily as a reference tool for participants in the debate between realism and nominalism concerning universals. It provides an exhaustive catalogue of the basic analyses of an entity being charactered that nominalists can employ in both a constituent and nonconstituent ontology.
     
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  17. A Small Aid for Kooser Research.Michael Anthony Istvan - 2012 - Midwestern Miscellany 40 (Fall):54-77.
    EXCERPT.--With exception to early essays by George von Glahn and Mark Sanders, serious critical scholarship on the writings of Ted Kooser began after the 1980 release of the now-classic Sure Signs, Kooser’s fifth major collection of poems. Looking back over the thirty-plus years since then, only about a dozen or so significant studies—none of which book-length—currently boulder out against the relative flatscape of secondary materials constituted mostly by quick and dirty reviews. Aside from the essays by Wes Mantooth, Allan Benn, (...)
     
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  18. Es la Respuesta de Aristóteles Al Argumento de Fatalismo En De Interpretatione 9 Exitosa?” / “Is Aristotle’s Response to the Argument for Fatalism in De Interpretatione 9 Successful?Michael Anthony Istvan - 2014 - Ideas Y Valores 63 (154).
    My aim is to figure out whether Aristotle’s response to the argument for fatalism in De Interpretatione 9 is successful. By “response” here I mean not simply the reasons he offers to highlight why fatalism does not accord with how we conduct our lives, but also the solution he devises to block the argument he provides for it. Achieving my aim hence demands that I figure out what exactly is the argument for fatalism he voices, what exactly is his solution, (...)
     
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  19. Beyond the Polis: Rituals, Rites, and Cults in Early and Archaic Greece.Michael Anthony Fowler - 2021 - Kernos 34:287-290.
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  20.  5
    Michael Anthony Eardley Dummett: A Biographical Sketch.Daniel Isaacson - 2017 - In Michael Frauchiger (ed.), Truth, Meaning, Justification, and Reality: Themes From Dummett. De Gruyter. pp. 1-12.
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  21.  12
    Michael Anthony Hoskin, The Herschel Partnership as Viewed by Caroline. Michael Anthony Hoskin (Ed.), Caroline Herschel's Autobiographies. [REVIEW]Jean Eisenstaedt - 2006 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 59 (2):357-358.
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  22.  83
    Constraints on Localization and Decomposition as Explanatory Strategies in the Biological Sciences.Michael Silberstein & Anthony Chemero - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):958-970.
    Several articles have recently appeared arguing that there really are no viable alternatives to mechanistic explanation in the biological sciences (Kaplan and Bechtel; Kaplan and Craver). We argue that mechanistic explanation is defined by localization and decomposition. We argue further that systems neuroscience contains explanations that violate both localization and decomposition. We conclude that the mechanistic model of explanation needs to either stretch to now include explanations wherein localization or decomposition fail or acknowledge that there are counterexamples to mechanistic explanation (...)
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  23. Complexity and Extended Phenomenological‐Cognitive Systems.Michael Silberstein & Anthony Chemero - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):35-50.
    The complex systems approach to cognitive science invites a new understanding of extended cognitive systems. According to this understanding, extended cognitive systems are heterogenous, composed of brain, body, and niche, non-linearly coupled to one another. This view of cognitive systems, as non-linearly coupled brain–body–niche systems, promises conceptual and methodological advances. In this article we focus on two of these. First, the fundamental interdependence among brain, body, and niche makes it possible to explain extended cognition without invoking representations or computation. Second, (...)
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  24.  22
    Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry.Michael Ignatieff, Kwame Anthony Appiah, David A. Hollinger, Thomas W. Laqueur & Diane F. Orentlicher - 2001 - Princeton University Press.
    "These essays make a splendid book. Ignatieff's lectures are engaging and vigorous; they also combine some rather striking ideas with savvy perceptions about actual domestic and international politics.
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  25. Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry.Michael Ignatieff, K. Anthony Appiah, David A. Hollinger, Thomas W. Laqueur, Diane F. Orentlicher & A. Gutmann - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 65 (1):177-178.
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  26. Critical Study.Richard J. Bernstein, E. M. Zemach & Michael Anthony Slote - forthcoming - Foundations of Language.
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  27.  5
    Considering the Role of Ecology on Individual Differentiation.Tomás Cabeza de Baca, Rafael Antonio Garcia, Michael Anthony Woodley of Menie & Aurelio José Figueredo - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  28. Eroding the Boundaries of Cognition: Implications of Embodiment1.Michael L. Anderson, Michael J. Richardson & Anthony Chemero - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):717-730.
    To accept that cognition is embodied is to question many of the beliefs traditionally held by cognitive scientists. One key question regards the localization of cognitive faculties. Here we argue that for cognition to be embodied and sometimes embedded, means that the cognitive faculty cannot be localized in a brain area alone. We review recent research on neural reuse, the 1/f structure of human activity, tool use, group cognition, and social coordination dynamics that we believe demonstrates how the boundary between (...)
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  29.  6
    Considering the Role of Ecology on Individual Differentiation.Tomás Cabeza de Baca, Rafael Antonio Garcia, Michael Anthony Woodley & Aurelio José Figueredo - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  30. Consciousness: Mapping the Theoretical Landscape.Anthony P. Atkinson, Michael S. C. Thomas & Axel Cleeremans - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (10):372-382.
    What makes us conscious? Many theories that attempt to answer this question have appeared recently in the context of widespread interest about consciousness in the cognitive neurosciences. Most of these proposals are formulated in terms of the information processing conducted by the brain. In this overview, we survey and contrast these models. We first delineate several notions of consciousness, addressing what it is that the various models are attempting to explain. Next, we describe a conceptual landscape that addresses how the (...)
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  31.  7
    Under What Conditions Does Theory Obstruct Research Progress?Anthony G. Greenwald, Anthony R. Pratkanis, Michael R. Leippe & Michael H. Baumgardner - 1986 - Psychological Review 93 (2):216-229.
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  32. Gibsonian Affordances for Roboticists.Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey - unknown
    Using hypersets as an analytic tool, we compare traditionally Gibsonian (Chemero 2003; Turvey 1992) and representationalist (Sahin et al. this issue) understandings of the notion ‘affordance’. We show that representationalist understandings are incompatible with direct perception and erect barriers between animal and environment. They are, therefore, scarcely recognizable as understandings of ‘affordance’. In contrast, Gibsonian understandings are shown to treat animal-environment systems as unified complex systems and to be compatible with direct perception. We discuss the fruitful connections between Gibsonian affordances (...)
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  33.  84
    The Grain of Domains: The Evolutionary-Psychological Case Against Domain-General Cognition.Anthony P. Atkinson & Michael Wheeler - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (2):147-76.
    Prominent evolutionary psychologists have argued that our innate psychological endowment consists of numerous domainspecific cognitive resources, rather than a few domaingeneral ones. In the light of some conceptual clarification, we examine the central inprinciple arguments that evolutionary psychologists mount against domaingeneral cognition. We conclude (a) that the fundamental logic of Darwinism, as advanced within evolutionary psychology, does not entail that the innate mind consists exclusively, or even massively, of domainspecific features, and (b) that a mixed innate cognitive economy of domainspecific (...)
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  34.  10
    Potential for Epistemic Injustice in Evidence-Based Healthcare Policy and Guidance.Jonathan Anthony Michaels - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (6):417-422.
    The rapid development in healthcare technologies in recent years has resulted in the need for health services, whether publicly funded or insurance based, to identify means to maximise the benefits and provide equitable distribution of limited resources. This has resulted in the need for rationing decisions, and there has been considerable debate regarding the substantive and procedural ethical principles that promote distributive justice when making such decisions. In this paper, I argue that while the scientifically rigorous approaches of evidence-based healthcare (...)
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  35. Multiculturalism: Expanded Paperback Edition.Kwame Anthony Appiah, Charles Taylor, Jürgen Habermas, Stephen C. Rockefeller, Michael Walzer & Susan Wolf - 1994 - Princeton University Press.
    A new edition of the highly acclaimed book Multiculturalism and "The Politics of Recognition," this paperback brings together an even wider range of leading philosophers and social scientists to probe the political controversy surrounding ...
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  36.  4
    Theory and Practice in Education.Anthony Hartnett, Michael Naish & R. F. Dearden - 1985 - British Journal of Educational Studies 33 (1):102.
  37. Philosophy for the Rest of Cognitive Science.Nigel Stepp, Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):425-437.
    Cognitive science has always included multiple methodologies and theoretical commitments. The philosophy of cognitive science should embrace, or at least acknowledge, this diversity. Bechtel’s (2009a) proposed philosophy of cognitive science, however, applies only to representationalist and mechanist cognitive science, ignoring the substantial minority of dynamically oriented cognitive scientists. As an example of nonrepresentational, dynamical cognitive science, we describe strong anticipation as a model for circadian systems (Stepp & Turvey, 2009). We then propose a philosophy of science appropriate to nonrepresentational, dynamical (...)
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  38.  5
    Value Assessment Frameworks: Who is Valuing the Care in Healthcare?Jonathan Anthony Michaels - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (6):419-426.
    Many healthcare agencies are producing evidence-based guidance and policy that may determine the availability of particular healthcare products and procedures, effectively rationing aspects of healthcare. They claim legitimacy for their decisions through reference to evidence-based scientific method and the implementation of just decision-making procedures, often citing the criteria of ‘accountability for reasonableness’; publicity, relevance, challenge and revision, and regulation. Central to most decision methods are estimates of gains in quality-adjusted life-years, a measure that combines the length and quality of survival. (...)
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  39. Complexity and “Closure to Efficient Cause”.Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey - unknown
    This paper has two main purposes. First, it will provide an introductory discussion of hyperset theory, and show that it is useful for modeling complex systems. Second, it will use hyperset theory to analyze Robert Rosen’s metabolismrepair systems and his claim that living things are closed to efficient cause. It will also briefly compare closure to efficient cause to two other understandings of autonomy, operational closure and catalytic closure.
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  40. Improvisation and the Self-Organization of Multiple Musical Bodies.Ashley E. Walton, Michael J. Richardson, Peter Langland-Hassan & Anthony Chemero - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:1-9.
  41.  51
    Substitute Decision-Making for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities Living in Residential Care: Learning Through Experience.Michael C. Dunn, Isabel C. H. Clare & Anthony J. Holland - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (1):52-64.
    In the UK, current policies and services for people with mental disorders, including those with intellectual disabilities (ID), presume that these men and women can, do, and should, make decisions for themselves. The new Mental Capacity Act (England and Wales) 2005 (MCA) sets this presumption into statute, and codifies how decisions relating to health and welfare should be made for those adults judged unable to make one or more such decisions autonomously. The MCA uses a procedural checklist to guide this (...)
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  42.  28
    Oceans of Need in the Desert: Ethical Issues Identified While Researching Humanitarian Agency Response in Afghanistan.Markus Michael & Anthony B. Zwi - 2002 - Developing World Bioethics 2 (2):109–130.
    This paper describes the interventions by the International Committee of the Red Cross to support a hospital in Afghanistan during the mid 1990s. We present elements of the interventions introduced in Ghazni, Afghanistan, and consider a number of ethical issues stimulated by this analysis. Ethical challenges arise whenever humanitarian interventions to deal with complex political emergencies are undertaken: among those related to the case study presented are questions concerning: a) whether humanitarian support runs the risk of propping up repressive and (...)
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  43.  5
    The Grain of Domains: The Evolutionary‐psychological Case Against Domain‐general Cogni.Anthony P. Atkinson & Michael Wheeler - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (2):147-176.
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  44. Montesquieu's Science of Politics: Essays on the Spirit of Laws.David Wallace Carrithers, Michael A. Mosher & Paul Anthony Rahe (eds.) - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In what constitutes the only English-language collection of essays ever dedicated to the analysis of Montesquieu's contributions to political science, the contributors review some of the most vexing controversies that have arisen in the interpretation of Montesquieu's thought. By paying careful attention to the historical, political, and philosophical contexts of Montesquieu's ideas, the contributors provide fresh readings of The Spirit of Laws, clarify the goals and ambitions of its author, and point out the pertinence of his thinking to the problems (...)
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  45.  3
    “A Fulfillment So High”: New Directions in African American Philosophy for the Study of Howard Thurman and Martin Luther King, Jr.Anthony Sean Neal, Michael Barber & Eddie O’Byrn - 2020 - The Acorn 20 (1-2):5-21.
    In this author-meets critics discussion of Howard Thurman’s Philosophical Mysticism, Anthony Sean Neal argues that Thurman’s work requires systematic recognition of how he was rooted firmly within the Modern Era of the African American Freedom Struggle. Michael Barber suggests that Thurman may be understood in contrast to Levinas on two counts. Whereas Thurman develops the duty to love from within the one who must love, Levinas grasps the origin of love’s duty in the command of the one who (...)
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  46.  49
    Religion, Populism, and Patriarchy: Political Authority From Luther to Pufendorf:Luther and Calvin on Secular Authority Martin Luther, John Calvin, Harro Hopfl; The Radical Reformation Michael G. Baylor; Political Writings Francisco de Vitoria, Anthony Pagden, Jeremy Lawrance; Patriarcha and Other Writings Robert Filmer, Johann P. Sommerville; On the Duty of Man and Citizen According to Natural Law Samuel Pufendorf, James Tully, Michael Silverthorne.Michael Seidler - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):551-.
  47. Is Life Computable?Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey - unknown
    This paper has two primary aims. The first is to provide an introductory discussion of hyperset theory and its usefulness for modeling complex systems. The second aim is to provide a hyperset analysis of Robert Rosen’s metabolism-repair systems and his claim that living things are closed to efficient cause. Consequences of the hyperset models for Rosen’s claims concerning computability and life are discussed.
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  48. Affordances and Intentionality: Reply to Roberts.Michael L. Anderson & Anthony Chemero - 2009 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 30 (4):301.
    In this essay we respond to some criticisms of the guidance theory of representation offered by Tom Roberts. We argue that although Roberts’ criticisms miss their mark, he raises the important issue of the relationship between affordances and the action-oriented representations proposed by the guidance theory. Affordances play a prominent role in the anti-representationalist accounts offered by theorists of embodied cognition and ecological psychology, and the guidance theory is motivated in part by a desire to respond to the critiques of (...)
     
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  49.  40
    Michael Strevens. Depth: An Account of Scientific Explanation.Anthony Kulic - 2010 - Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):292-299.
    Michael Strevens’ Depth: An Account of Scientific Explanation is an impressive recent contribution to the philosophical literature on explanation. While clearly influenced by several of the leading theories of the later twentieth century, Strevens’ account of explanation is firmly rooted in the causal tradition. His most notable intellectual debts in this regard owe to David Lewis, Wesley Salmon and James Woodward. Still, Strevens sees the work of these theorists as flawed in important respects, and his “kairetic account” of explanation (...)
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  50.  62
    Domains, Brains and Evolution.Michael Wheeler & Anthony Atkinson - 2001 - In D. Walsh (ed.), Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement. Cambridge University Press. pp. 239-266.
    According to Darwinian thinking, organisms are designed by natural selection, and so are integrated collections of adaptations, where an adaptation is a phenotypic trait that is a specialized response to a particular selection pressure. For animals that make their living in the Arctic, one adaptive problem is how to maintain body temperature above a certain minimum level necessary for survival. Polar bears' thick coats are a response to that selection pressure . A thick coat makes a positive difference to a (...)
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