Results for 'Michael A. G. Haykin'

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  1.  1
    A Forgotten Debate? Trinitarianism & the Particular Baptists.Michael A. G. Haykin - 2022 - Perichoresis 20 (1):3-7.
    This article sets the stage for the essays in this issue of Perichoresis on the Trinitarianism of the Particular Baptists in the British Isles and Ireland between the 1640s and 1840s. It argues that this Trinitarianism is part of a larger debate about the Trinity that has been greatly forgotten in the scholarly history of this doctrine. It also touches on the way that Baptist theologians like John Gill were critical to the preservation of Trinitarian witness among this Christian community.
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  2.  17
    ’Blessed Are the Dead Which Die in the Lord’: Andrew Fuller on the Beatific Vision.E. D. Burns & Michael A. G. Haykin - 2019 - Perichoresis 17 (2):41-50.
    This essay examines the funeral sermon given by the Baptist theologian Andrew Fuller for his friend and deacon Beeby Wallis in 1792 as a vantage-point from which to pursue reflection on Fuller’s concept of heaven and the beatific vision. The sermon has two main themes: the rest and rewards of those who die in Christ. The essay examines how Fuller interprets both of these phrases and then, looking at the rest of Fuller’s corpus, notes that ultimately God himself is the (...)
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  3. Memory and the Private Language Argument.Michael A. G. Stocker - 1966 - Philosophical Quarterly 16 (62):47-53.
  4.  16
    Consistency in Ethics.Michael A. G. Stocker - 1965 - Analysis 25 (Suppl-3):116 - 122.
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  5.  73
    A Category-Theoretic Approach to Systems in a Fuzzy World.Michael A. Arbib & Ernest G. Manes - 1975 - Synthese 30 (3-4):381 - 406.
  6.  1
    Leo Strauss, Education, and Political Thought.J. G. York & Michael A. Peters (eds.) - 2011 - Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.
    This collection by some of the leading scholars of Strauss's work is the first devoted to Strauss's thought regarding education. It seeks to address his conception of education as it applies to a range of his most important concepts, such as his views on the importance of revelation, his critique of modern democracy and the importance of modern classical education.
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  7.  11
    Assessing Feedback Response With a Wearable Electroencephalography System.Jenny M. Qiu, Michael A. Casey & Solomon G. Diamond - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  8. A Theory of Love and Sexual Desire.Maia M. Cherney, M. A. Qasim, Jason T. Maynes, Michael Laskowski Jr & Michael N. G. James - forthcoming - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour.
     
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  9.  99
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 1: Conceptual and Definitional Issues in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:1-29.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  10. The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 2: Issues of Conservatism and Pragmatism in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:8-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  11.  79
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue. Part 4: General Conclusion.Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley, Peter Zachar & James Phillips - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:14-.
    In the conclusion to this multi-part article I first review the discussions carried out around the six essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis – the position taken by Allen Frances on each question, the commentaries on the respective question along with Frances’ responses to the commentaries, and my own view of the multiple discussions. In this review I emphasize that the core question is the first – what is the nature of psychiatric illness – and that in some manner all further (...)
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  12.  99
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 3: Issues of Utility and Alternative Approaches in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]Peter Zachar, Owen Whooley, GScott Waterman, Jerome C. Wakefield, Thomas Szasz, Michael A. Schwartz, Claire Pouncey, Douglas Porter, Harold A. Pincus, Ronald W. Pies, Joseph M. Pierre, Joel Paris, Aaron L. Mishara, Elliott B. Martin, Steven G. LoBello, Warren A. Kinghorn, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Gary Greenberg, Nassir Ghaemi, Michael B. First, Hannah S. Decker, John Chardavoyne, Michael A. Cerullo & Allen Frances - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):9-.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  13.  33
    Facilitating Problem-Based Learning by Means of Collaborative Argument Visualization Software.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Jeremy A. Lingle - 2015 - Teaching Philosophy 38 (4):371-398.
    There is evidence that problem-based learning is an effective approach to teach team and problem-solving skills, but also to acquire content knowledge. However, there is hardly any literature about using PBL in philosophy classes. One problem is that PBL is resource intensive because a facilitator is needed for each group of students to support learning efforts and monitor group dynamics. In order to establish more PBL classes, the question is whether PBL can be provided without the need for facilitators. We (...)
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  14.  1
    A Multicenter Study of Key Stakeholders' Perspectives on Communicating with Surrogates About Prognosis in Intensive Care Units.Wendy G. Anderson, Jenica W. Cimino, Natalie C. Ernecoff, Anna Ungar, Kaitlin J. Shotsberger, Laura A. Pollice, Praewpannarai Buddadhumaruk, Shannon S. Carson, J. Randall Curtis, Catherine L. Hough, Bernard Lo, Michael A. Matthay, Michael W. Peterson, Jay S. Steingrub & Douglas B. White - unknown
    RationaleSurrogates of critically ill patients often have inaccurate expectations about prognosis. Yet there is little research on how intensive care unit clinicians should discuss prognosis, and existing expert opinion-based recommendations give only general guidance that has not been validated with surrogate decision makers.ObjectiveTo determine the perspectives of key stakeholders regarding how prognostic information should be conveyed in critical illness.MethodsThis was a multicenter study at three academic medical centers in California, Pennsylvania, and Washington. One hundred eighteen key stakeholders completed in-depth semistructured (...)
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  15.  5
    Talal A. Debs;, Michael L. G. Redhead. Objectivity, Invariance, and Convention: Symmetry in Physical Science. Xii + 194 Pp., Figs., Apps., Index. Cambridge, Mass./London: Harvard University Press, 2007. $39.95. [REVIEW]Richard Healey - 2007 - Isis 98 (4):884-885.
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  16. Diagrammatic Reasoning as the Basis for Developing Concepts: A Semiotic Analysis of Students' Learning About Statistical Distribution.Arthur Bakker & Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2005 - Educational Studies in Mathematics 60:333–358.
    In recent years, semiotics has become an innovative theoretical framework in mathematics education. The purpose of this article is to show that semiotics can be used to explain learning as a process of experimenting with and communicating about one's own representations of mathematical problems. As a paradigmatic example, we apply a Peircean semiotic framework to answer the question of how students learned the concept of "distribution" in a statistics course by "diagrammatic reasoning" and by developing "hypostatic abstractions," that is by (...)
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  17.  8
    Comparative Edition of the Syriac Gospels, Aligning the Sinaiticus, Curetonianus, Peshîṭt' and Ḥarklean VersionsComparative Edition of the Syriac Gospels, Aligning the Sinaiticus, Curetonianus, Peshitta and Harklean Versions.Michael Sokoloff & G. A. Kiraz - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (1):103.
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  18.  33
    Quitting Certainties: A Bayesian Framework Modeling Degrees of Belief, by Michael G. Titelbaum: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, Pp. Xii + 345, £40.00. [REVIEW]Michael Levin - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (1):200-203.
  19. Logical Argument Mapping: A Method for Overcoming Cognitive Problems of Conflict Management.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2005 - International Journal of Conflict Management 16:304-334.
    A crucial problem of conflict management is that whatever happens in negotiations will be interpreted and framed by stakeholders based on their different belief-value systems and world views. This problem will be discussed in the first part of this article as the main cognitive problem of conflict management. The second part develops a general semiotic solution of this problem, based on Charles Peirce's concept of "diagrammatic reasoning." The basic idea is that by representing one 's thought in diagrams, the conditions (...)
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  20.  10
    The Long Read: On the Global Relevance of the US Elections.Fazal Rizvi, Michael A. Peters, Michalinos Zembylas, Shivali Tukdeo, Mark Mason, Lynn Mario T. M. de Souza, Wang Chengbing, Crain Soudien, Bob Lingard, Paul Tarc, Aparna Tarc, Conrad Hughes, Annette Bamberger, Lew Zipin & A. G. Rud - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-20.
    At almost every election, Americans are inclined to say that this is the most consequential election in American history. 2020 is no exception. However, what is particularly remarkable about the No...
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  21. Learning by Developing Knowledge Networks. A Semiotic Approach Within a Dialectical Framework.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Wolff-Michael Roth - 2004 - Zdm. Zentralblatt Für Didaktik der Mathematik 36:196-205.
    A central challenge for research on how we should prepare students to manage crossing boundaries between different knowledge settings in life long learning processes is to identify those forms of knowledge that are particularly relevant here. In this paper, we develop by philosophical means the concept of a dialectical system as a general framework to describe the de-velopment of knowledge networks that mark the starting point for learning processes, and we use semiotics to discuss the epistemological thesis that any cognitive (...)
     
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  22. Seeing Problems, Seeing Solutions. Abduction and Diagrammatic Reasoning in a Theory of Scientific Discovery.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2007 - In . Cfcul/Publidisa.
     
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  23. Rezension zu: Hans Jonas, Das Prinzip Verantwortung. Versuch einer Ethik für die technologische Zivilisation, Frankfurt a.M. 1984. [REVIEW]Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 1988 - Zeitschrift Für Politik 35:302–303.
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  24. Ron Arkin's 2013 Argument for a Moratorium on Deployment, but No Ban of Lethal Autonmous Robots.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - forthcoming - .
     
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  25. Peirce's "Diagrammatic Reasoning" as a Solution of the Learning Paradox.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2003 - In . Rodopi.
     
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  26. The Complementarity of a Representational and an Epistemological Function of Signs in Scientific Activity.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Wolff-Michael Roth - 2007 - Semiotica 2007 (164):101-121.
    Signs do not only “represent” something for somebody, as Peirce’s definition goes, but also “mediate” relations between us and our world, including ourselves, as has been elaborated by Vygotsky. We call the first the representational function of a sign and the second the epistemological function since in using signs we make distinctions, specify objects and relations, structure our observations, and organize societal and cognitive activity. The goal of this paper is, on the one hand, to develop a model in which (...)
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  27.  53
    Reflective Argumentation: A Cognitive Function of Arguing.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (4):365-397.
    Why do we formulate arguments? Usually, things such as persuading opponents, finding consensus, and justifying knowledge are listed as functions of arguments. But arguments can also be used to stimulate reflection on one’s own reasoning. Since this cognitive function of arguments should be important to improve the quality of people’s arguments and reasoning, for learning processes, for coping with “wicked problems,” and for the resolution of conflicts, it deserves to be studied in its own right. This contribution develops first steps (...)
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  28.  40
    A New Perspective on Objectivity and Conventionalism.Antigone M. Nounou, Mauro Dorato, Sebastian Lutz, Talal A. Debs & Michael L. G. Redhead - 2010 - Metascience 19 (1):3-27.
  29. Museum Philosophy for the Twenty-First Century.Robert R. Archibald, Patrick J. Boylan, David Carr, Christy S. Coleman, Helen Coxall, Chuck Dailey, Jennifer Eichstedt, Hilde Hein, Eilean Hooper-Greenhill, Lesley Lewis, Timothy W. Luke, Didier Maleuvre, Suma Mallavarapu, Terry L. Maple, Michael A. Mares, Jennifer L. Martin, Jean-Paul Martinon, Scott G. Paris, Jeffrey H. Patchen, Marilyn E. Phelan, Donald Preziosi, Franklin W. Robinson, Douglas Sharon & Sherene Suchy - 2006 - Altamira Press.
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  30.  10
    Logical Argument Mapping: A Cognitive-Change-Based Method for Building Common Ground.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2007 - Acm International Conference Proceeding Series; Vol. 280. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Pragmatic Web.
    In this paper, I situate Logical Argument Mapping within.
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  31.  14
    Influence of Response Shift and Disposition on Patient-Reported Outcomes May Lead to Suboptimal Medical Decisions: A Medical Ethics Perspective.Iris D. Hartog, Dick L. Willems, Wilbert B. van den Hout, Michael Scherer-Rath, Tom H. Oreel, José P. S. Henriques, Pythia T. Nieuwkerk, Hanneke W. M. van Laarhoven & Mirjam A. G. Sprangers - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-7.
    Patient-reported outcomes are frequently used for medical decision making, at the levels of both individual patient care and healthcare policy. Evidence increasingly shows that PROs may be influenced by patients’ response shifts and dispositions. We identify how response shifts and dispositions may influence medical decisions on both the levels of individual patient care and health policy. We provide examples of these influences and analyse the consequences from the perspectives of ethical principles and theories of just distribution. If influences of response (...)
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  32.  71
    How to Get It. Diagrammatic Reasoning as a Tool of Knowledge Development and its Pragmatic Dimension.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):285-305.
    Discussions concerning belief revision, theorydevelopment, and ``creativity'' in philosophy andAI, reveal a growing interest in Peirce'sconcept of abduction. Peirce introducedabduction in an attempt to providetheoretical dignity and clarification to thedifficult problem of knowledge generation. Hewrote that ``An Abduction is Originary inrespect to being the only kind of argumentwhich starts a new idea'' (Peirce, CP 2.26).These discussions, however, led to considerabledebates about the precise way in which Peirce'sabduction can be used to explain knowledgegeneration (cf. Magnani, 1999; Hoffmann, 1999).The crucial question is (...)
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  33.  18
    What You Should Know to Survive in Knowledge Societies: On a Semiotic Understanding of ‘Knowledge’.Michael H. G. Hoffmann & Wolff-Michael Roth - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (157):105-142.
    Different situations — like school and workplace — demand different forms of knowledge. Even more important, in particular for lifelong learning, are forms of knowledge we need for managing movements between those situations. To develop a better understanding of how to ‘navigate’ knowledge boundaries, this paper analyzes, firstly, interviews with scientists interpreting familiar and unfamiliar graphs. Our goal is to identify those forms of knowledge that should receive special attention in education. Secondly, the article elaborates — based on Peirce’s semiotics (...)
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  34.  1
    Appendix A: Officers of the History of Science Society, 1924-99.Michael Sokal & G. Erikson - 1999 - Isis 90 (S2):S321-S322.
  35.  7
    Ethics and the Business of Biomedicine, Ed. Denis G. Arnold. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Hardcover, 302 Pp., $80. ISBN: 978-0521764315. [REVIEW]Michael A. Santoro - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (4):617-621.
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  36.  25
    Assessing the Quality of Colorectal Cancer Care: Do We Have Appropriate Quality Measures? (A Systematic Review of Literature).Meenal Patwardhan, Deborah A. Fisher, Christopher R. Mantyh, Douglas C. McCrory, Michael A. Morse, Robert G. Prosnitz, Kathryn Cline & Gregory P. Samsa - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (6):831-845.
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  37. Descent of Mind.Michael Corballis & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
    '... this book to open up exciting new dimensions in the study of human evolution' Robin Dunbar School of Biological Sciences, Liverpool 'The book is billed as being of interest to a multi-disciplinary audience and meets its aim of befitting advanced students and researchers in evolutionary psychology, anthropology, evolution and palaeontology' QJEP Section BTo most people it seems obvious that there are major mental differences between ourselves and other species, but there is considerable debate over exactly how special our minds (...)
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  38. The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution.Michael Corballis & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press UK.
    '... this book to open up exciting new dimensions in the study of human evolution' Robin Dunbar School of Biological Sciences, Liverpool 'The book is billed as being of interest to a multi-disciplinary audience and meets its aim of befitting advanced students and researchers in evolutionary psychology, anthropology, evolution and palaeontology' QJEP Section BTo most people it seems obvious that there are major mental differences between ourselves and other species, but there is considerable debate over exactly how special our minds (...)
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  39.  22
    Seventeenth Century Der Musiktheoretiker Johannes Kepler. By Michael Dickreiter. Neue Heidelberger Studien Zur Musikwissenschaft, Band 5. Berne and Munich: Francke Verlag, 1973. Pp. 252. 48 Swiss Francs. [REVIEW]A. G. Molland - 1975 - British Journal for the History of Science 8 (1):79-80.
  40.  19
    Late Antiquity Fallgesetz und Massebegriff: Zwei wissenschaftshistorische Untersuchungen zur Kosmologie des Johannes Philoponus. Quellen und Studien zur Philosophie, Band 2. By Michael Wolff. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1971. Pp. x + 159. DM. 36. [REVIEW]A. G. Molland - 1972 - British Journal for the History of Science 6 (1):91-92.
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  41.  2
    A Flair for Theory: Freud, Derrida, Kafka, and Kant.Michael G. Levine - 2021 - Oxford Literary Review 43 (2):183-208.
    Derrida's essay, ‘Devant la loi’, opens with the citation of an1897 letter from Freud to his friend, Wilhelm Fliess, in which he confides that he has a presentiment he shall soon discover the origin of morality. What interests Derrida is not only the discovery that will indeed soon follow but the temporal structure of presentiment itself. Seeking to give such a vague intimation a more rigorous sense, he theorizes presentiment as a way of ‘precognizing’ something that will never otherwise have (...)
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  42. Why Do Mothers Never Stop Grieving for Their Deceased Children? Enduring Alterations of Brain Connectivity and Function.Sarah M. Kark, Joren G. Adams, Mithra Sathishkumar, Steven J. Granger, Liv McMillan, Tallie Z. Baram & Michael A. Yassa - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    A child’s death is a profound loss for mothers and affects hundreds of thousands of women. Mothers report inconsolable and progressive grief that is distinct from depression and impacts daily emotions and functions. The brain mechanisms responsible for this relatively common and profound mental health problem are unclear, hampering its clinical recognition and care. In an initial exploration of this condition, we used resting state functional MRI scans to examine functional connectivity in key circuits, and task-based fMRI to examine brain (...)
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  43.  18
    Commentary On: Scott Jacobs' "Manipulation as Breach of Arguer Responsibility in 'Welcome to Obamaville'".Michael H. G. Hoffmann - unknown
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  44.  8
    Diagrams as Scaffolds for Creativity.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2010 - Aaai Workshops, North America.
    Based on a typology of five basic forms of abduction, I propose a new definition of abductive insight that empha sizes in particular the inferential structure of a belief system that is able to explain a phenomenon after a new, abductive ly created component has been added to this system or the entire system has been abductively restructured. My thesis is, first, that the argumentative structure of the pursued problem solution guides abductive creativity and, second, that diagrammatic reasoning—if conceptualized according (...)
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  45. Über Die Bedingungen der Möglichkeit Durch Diagrammatisches Denken Etwas Zu Lernen: Diagrammgebrauch in Logik Und Arithmetik.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2009 - Zeitschrift Für Semiotik 31:241-274.
    Summary. This paper analyzes Frederik Stjernfelt’s recently published Diagrammatology in order to clarify the role of diagrammatic reasoning within an epistemology that focuses on the problem of learning and the growth of knowledge. To achieve this goal, I provide more precise definitions of Peirce’s concepts of “diagram” and “diagrammatic reasoning,” emphasizing in particular the necessity of consistent systems of representation as a precondition for both. The paper starts with a critique of two theses for which Stjernfelt argues based on some (...)
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  46. Argument Map: Devoloping Scientific Hypotheses and Experimental Designs in Form of an Argumentation. Loewi's Crucial Experiment on Chemical Neurotransmission.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - forthcoming - .
    This argument map presents Paul Loewi’s crucial experiment in which he showed that neural transmissions of signals are chemical in nature, not electrical, in form of an argumentation. The map can be used in science education to show how the formulation of hypotheses should be related to a corresponding determination of experimental designs.
     
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  47. Analyzing Framing Processes in Conflicts and Communication by Means of Logical Argument Mapping.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2011 - In . Peter Lang.
    The primary goal of this chapter is to present a new method—called Logical Argument Mapping —for the analysis of framing processes as they occur in any communication, but especially in conflicts. I start with a distinction between boundary setting, meaning construction, and sensemaking as three forms or aspects of framing, and argue that crucial for the resolution of frame-based controversies is our ability to deal with those “webs” of mutually supporting beliefs that determine sensemaking processes. Since any analysis of framing (...)
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  48.  14
    Searching for Common Ground on Hamas Through Logical Argument Mapping.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - unknown
    Robert Fogelin formulated the thesis “that deep disagreements cannot be resolved through the use of argument, for they undercut the conditions essential to arguing.” The possibility of arguing presupposes “a shared background of beliefs and preferences,” and if such a background is not given, there is no way of “rational” dispute resolution. By contrast to this pessimistic view, I will propose a method that has been developed to overcome difficulties as described by Fogelin.
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  49. Signs as Means for Discoveries. Peirce and His Concepts of 'Diagrammatic Reasoning,' 'Theorematic Deduction,' 'Hypostatic Abstraction,' and 'Theoric Transformation'.Michael H. G. Hoffmann - 2005 - In . Springer.
    The paper aims to show how by elaborating the Peircean terms used in the title creativity in learning processes and in scientific discoveries can be explained within a semiotic framework. The essential idea is to emphasize both the role of external representations and of experimenting with those representations , and to describe a process consisting of three steps: First, looking at diagrams "from a novel point of view" offers opportunities to synthesize elements of these diagrams which have never been perceived (...)
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  50. Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Cognitive Conditions and Tools.Michael H. G. Hoffmann, Nancy Nersessian, Jan C. Schmidt, Michael Decker & Paul Hirsch - 2010 - White Paper for Nsf's Sbe 2020: Future Research in the Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences.
    Interdisciplinary collaboration figures centrally in frontier research in many fields. Participants in inter-disciplinary projects face problems they would not encounter within their own disciplines. Among those are problems of mutual understanding, of finding a language to communicate both within projects and with the scientific community and society at large, and of needing to master concepts and methods of different disciplines. We think that a concentrated research and development effort is necessary to analyze, on the one hand, cognitive conditions of successful (...)
     
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