Results for 'Micha�� Sikorski'

309 found
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  1.  29
    Rasiowa–Sikorski Deduction Systems with the Rule of Cut: A Case Study.Dorota Leszczyńska-Jasion, Mateusz Ignaszak & Szymon Chlebowski - 2019 - Studia Logica 107 (2):313-349.
    This paper presents Rasiowa–Sikorski deduction systems for logics \, \, \ and \. For each of the logics two systems are developed: an R–S system that can be supplemented with admissible cut rule, and a \-version of R–S system in which the non-admissible rule of cut is the only branching rule. The systems are presented in a Smullyan-like uniform notation, extended and adjusted to the aims of this paper. Completeness is proved by the use of abstract refutability properties which (...)
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  2.  3
    Diskursethik als Maximenethik: Von der Prinzipienbegründung zur Handlungsorientierung.Micha H. Werner - 2003 - Würzburg, Germany: Königshausen & Neumann.
    The book introduces a conception of discourse ethics, an intersubjectivist version of Kantian ethics. Analyzing contributions from Jürgen Habermas, Karl-Otto Apel, Wolfgang Kuhlmann, Albrecht Wellmer, Robert Alexy, Klaus Günther, Rainer Forst, Marcel Niquet and others, it reconstructs critical discussions on the justification of the principle of morality (part I) and on the various proposals on how to apply it (part II). It defends an alternative model of how discourse ethics can provide guidance under non-ideal circumstances and avoid both arbitrariness and (...)
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  3.  44
    The Ramsey Test and Evidential Support Theory.Michal Sikorski - 2022 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 31 (3):493-504.
    The Ramsey Test is considered to be the default test for the acceptability of indicative conditionals. I will argue that it is incompatible with some of the recent developments in conceptualizing conditionals, namely the growing empirical evidence for the Relevance Hypothesis. According to the hypothesis, one of the necessary conditions of acceptability for an indicative conditional is its antecedent being positively probabilistically relevant for the consequent. The source of the idea is Evidential Support Theory presented in Douven. I will defend (...)
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  4.  36
    Rasiowa-Sikorski Proof System for the Non-Fregean Sentential Logic SCI.Joanna Golinska-Pilarek - 2007 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 17 (4):509–517.
    The non-Fregean logic SCI is obtained from the classical sentential calculus by adding a new identity connective = and axioms which say ?a = ß' means ?a is identical to ß'. We present complete and sound proof system for SCI in the style of Rasiowa-Sikorski. It provides a natural deduction-style method of reasoning for the non-Fregean sentential logic SCI.
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  5.  23
    Visual Complexity and Its Effects on Referring Expression Generation.Micha Elsner, Alasdair Clarke & Hannah Rohde - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S4):940-973.
    Speakers’ perception of a visual scene influences the language they use to describe it—which objects they choose to mention and how they characterize the relationships between them. We show that visual complexity can either delay or facilitate description generation, depending on how much disambiguating information is required and how useful the scene's complexity can be in providing, for example, helpful landmarks. To do so, we measure speech onset times, eye gaze, and utterance content in a reference production experiment in which (...)
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  6.  46
    Evolution by Natural Selection: Confidence, Evidence and The Gap.Michaelis Michael - 2015 - CRC Press.
    Is the theory of evolution by means of natural selection a tautology? This book explores the explanatory structure of Darwin’s theory at a time when selectionist explanations are being brought forward to explain a wider and wider range of phenomena.
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  7.  1
    Manipulation and the Value of Rational Agency.Micha H. Werner - 2022 - In Christoph Horn & Robinson dos Santos (eds.), Kant’s Theory of Value. De Gruyter. pp. 241-262.
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  8.  8
    The Primary Foundations of Followership.Micha Popper & Omri Castelnovo - 2019 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 49 (3):348-358.
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, EarlyView.
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  9. Philosophy in Mind the Place of Philosophy in the Study of Mind.Michaelis Michael & John O’Leary-Hawthorne - 1994 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Introduction: Philosophy in Mind / Michaelis Michael and John O’Leary-Hawthorne -- AI and the Synthetic A Priori / Jose Benardete -- Armchair Metaphysics /Frank Jackson -- Doubts About Conceptual Analysis /Gilbert Harman -- Deflationary Self-Knowledge / Andre Gallois -- How to Get to Know One’s Own Mind: Some Simple Ways / Annette Baier -- Psychology in Perspective / Huw Price -- Can Philosophy of Language Provide the Key to the Foundations of Ethics? /Karl-Otto Apel --Unprincipled Decisions / Lee Overton -- (...)
     
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  10.  21
    Einführung in die Ethik.Micha H. Werner - 2020 - Heidelberg, Germany: J.B. Metzler / Springer Nature.
    Open access-introduction into moral philosophy in German language that contains chapters on the concept of morality, on the development and the main positions of normative ethics, on meta-ethics, and on the various fields of applied ethics. One of its distinctive features is that it explicitly reflects on the role of morality and ethics in modern society and that it analyses the import of alternative conceptual and normative positions for determining this role. The book can be freely downloaded from the publisher's (...)
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  11.  38
    Rethinking the Acceptability and Probability of Indicative Conditionals.Michał Sikorski - forthcoming - In Stefan Kaufmann, Over David & Ghanshyam Sharma (eds.), Conditionals: Logic, linguistics, and psychology. Palgrave.
    The chapter is devoted to the probability and acceptability of indicative conditionals. Focusing on three influential theses, the Equation, Adams’ thesis, and the qualitative version of Adams’ thesis, Sikorski argues that none of them is well supported by the available empirical evidence. In the most controversial case of the Equation, the results of many studies which support it are, at least to some degree, undermined by some recent experimental findings. Sikorski discusses the Ramsey Test, and Lewis’s triviality proof, (...)
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  12.  35
    Michaelis Marulli Carmina. [REVIEW]D. C. C. Young - 1956 - The Classical Review 6 (1):77-78.
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  13. Ueber Die Sittliche Natur Und Bestimmung des Menschen, Ein Versuch Zu Erläuterung Über I. Kants Kritik der Praktischen Vernunft.Christian Friedrich Michaelis & Immanuel Kant - 1797
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  14. Michaelis Pselli Philosophica Minora.Michael Psellus, John M. Duffy & Dan O'meara - 1989
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  15.  1
    Crisis Discourse and Framework Transition in Maimonides’ Mishneh Torah.Omer Michaelis - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):664-680.
    In his works from the past decade, Menachem Fisch offered an analysis of a crucial distinction between two modes of rationalized transformation: an intra-framework transformation and an inter-framework one, the latter entailing a revolutionary shift of the framework itself. In this article, I analyze the attempt to produce such a framework transition in the tradition of Jewish Halakha by one of the key figures in its history, Moses Maimonides, and to explore how this transition was rationalized and promoted by the (...)
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  16.  18
    Roman Sikorski. On Extensions and Products of Boolean Algebras. Fundamenta Mathematicae, Vol. 53 No. 1 , Pp. 99–116.Alfred W. Hales - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):124-125.
  17.  33
    Leadership as Relationship.Micha Popper - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (2):107–125.
    The article reviews the various ramifications in the discussion on leadership, focusing on the view of leadership as relationships between leaders and followers. Three main types of leader-follower relations are discussed, and their specific characteristics are described: regressive relations, symbolic relations, and developmental relations. After analyzing the major implications, as well as the conceptual limitations, of these perspectives, the article suggests directions for a more integrative conceptualization of leader-follower relations.
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  18.  13
    Followership, Deity and Leadership.Micha Popper - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (2):211-228.
    Two questions are addressed in this article: 1. Why are people attracted to leaders? 2. How are leaders' images construed? The first question is analyzed by using the concept of “deity” as a frame of reference for an “ideal model” of leadership. God as a “screen of projections” can satisfy the believer's fundamental needs and desires, as well as serving as a reference for causal attributions and a provider of transcendental meaning. Using Construal Level Theory, deity, as a frame of (...)
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  19.  81
    Is forensic science in crisis?Michał Sikorski - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-34.
    The results of forensic science are believed to be reliable, and are widely used in support of verdicts around the world. However, due to the lack of suitable empirical studies, we actually know very little about the reliability of such results. In this paper, I argue that phenomena analogous to the main culprits for the replication crisis in psychology are also present in forensic science. Therefore forensic results are significantly less reliable than is commonly believed. I conclude that in order (...)
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  20.  10
    Followership, Deity and Leadership.Micha Popper - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (2):211-228.
    Two questions are addressed in this article: 1. Why are people attracted to leaders? 2. How are leaders' images construed? The first question is analyzed by using the concept of “deity” as a frame of reference for an “ideal model” of leadership. God as a “screen of projections” can satisfy the believer's fundamental needs and desires, as well as serving as a reference for causal attributions and a provider of transcendental meaning. Using Construal Level Theory, deity, as a frame of (...)
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  21. Introduction to Mathematical Logic.Micha? Walicki - 2012 - World Scientific.
    A history of logic -- Patterns of reasoning -- A language and its meaning -- A symbolic language -- 1850-1950 mathematical logic -- Modern symbolic logic -- Elements of set theory -- Sets, functions, relations -- Induction -- Turning machines -- Computability and decidability -- Propositional logic -- Syntax and proof systems -- Semantics of PL -- Soundness and completeness -- First order logic -- Syntax and proof systems of FOL -- Semantics of FOL -- More semantics -- Soundness and (...)
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  22.  12
    Sikorski R.. A Theorem on Non-Classical Functional Calculi. Bulletin de l'Academie Polonaise des Sciences, Classe III, Vol. 4 , Pp. 649–650.Sikorski R.. Some Applications of Interior Mappings. Fundamenta Mathematicae, Vol. 45 , Pp. 200–212. [REVIEW]Mihály Makkai - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):537-537.
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  23.  6
    Roman Sikorski. A Few Problems on Boolean Algebras. Colloquium Mathematicum, Vol. 11 No. 1 , Pp. 25–28.Robert LaGrange - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):663-664.
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  24.  45
    On Hybrid Expressivism About Aesthetic Judgments.Sanna Hirvonen, Natalia Karczewska & Michał P. Sikorski - 2019 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 96 (4):541-568.
    Contextualist accounts of aesthetic predicates have difficulties explaining why we feel that speakers are disagreeing when they make true and compatible but superficially contradictory aesthetic judgments. One possible way to account for the disagreement is hybrid expressivism, which holds that the disagreement happens at the level of pragmatically conveyed, clashing contents about the speakers’ conative states. Marques defends such a strategy, combining dispositionalism about value, contextualism, and hybrid expressivism. This paper critically evaluates the plausibility of the suggested pragmatic mechanisms in (...)
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  25.  3
    Walter Gropius: Visionary Founder of the Bauhaus by Fiona MacCarthy.Micha Gross - 2020 - Common Knowledge 26 (3):434-435.
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  26.  8
    Existenzialismus Und Rechtswissenschaft.Anne L. Michaelis - 1958 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 19 (1):128-129.
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  27. Imperatoris Michaelis Palaeologi de vita sua.Henri Gregoire - forthcoming - Byzantion.
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  28.  1
    The Distortion of Distributed Voting.Aris Filos-Ratsikas, Evi Micha & Alexandros A. Voudouris - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence 286:103343.
  29. Michaelis, J. D., De l'influence des opinions sur le langage et du langage sur les opinions. [REVIEW]P. Swiggers - 1980 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 42:627.
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  30. Michaelis, Edgar, Die Menschheitsproblematik der Freudschen Psychoanalyse. [REVIEW]Julius Schultz - 1926 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 31:604.
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  31. Michaelis, Edgar, Die Menschheitsproblematik der Freudschen Psychoanalyse.Julius Schultz - 1926 - Kant Studien 31:604.
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  32.  5
    Context-Dependent “Upper Anchors” for Learning Progressions.Tiffany-Rose Sikorski - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (8):957-981.
    In the spirit of model revision, researchers continue to refine the notion of a learning progression. Despite many advances in learning progressions research, one key design element has eluded scholarly critique, the upper anchor. Drawing on science education research and studies of science, this essay argues for a shift from the predominant model of the upper anchor as the fixed, “most sophisticated” way of thinking toward a more expansive “upper reach” that acknowledges plurality and context-dependence in ways of knowing. Three (...)
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  33.  23
    A Probabilistic Truth-Conditional Semantics for Indicative Conditionals.Michał Sikorski - 2022 - Semiotic Studies 35 (2):69-87.
    In my article, I present a new version of a probabilistic truth prescribing semantics for natural language indicative conditionals. The proposed truth conditions can be paraphrased as follows: an indicative conditional is true if the corresponding conditional probability is high and the antecedent is positively probabilistically relevant for the consequent or the probability of the antecedent of the conditional equals 0. In the paper, the truth conditions are defended and some of the logical properties of the proposed semantics are described.
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  34.  14
    Aristotle and Kant.Micha Brumlik - 2005 - In Wolfgang Edelstein & Gertrud Nunner-Winkler (eds.), Morality in Context. Elsevier. pp. 137--57.
  35.  18
    Sikorski R. And Traczyk T.. On Free Products of M-Distributive Boolean Algebras. Colloquium Mathematicum, Vol. 11 No. 1 , Pp. 13–16. [REVIEW]R. S. Pierce - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):414-414.
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  36. Michaelis Pselli.Michael Psellus, Dominic J. O'meara, John M. Duffy & Paul Gautier - 1989
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  37.  5
    Michaelis Et l'Archéologie Française.Gérard Siebert - 1996 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 120 (1):261-271.
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  38.  10
    Objectivity for the Research Worker.Noah van Dongen & Michał Sikorski - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (3):1-25.
    In the last decade, many problematic cases of scientific conduct have been diagnosed; some of which involve outright fraud others are more subtle. These and similar problems can be interpreted as caused by lack of scientific objectivity. The current philosophical theories of objectivity do not provide scientists with conceptualizations that can be effectively put into practice in remedying these issues. We propose a novel way of thinking about objectivity for individual scientists; a negative and dynamic approach.We provide a philosophical conceptualization (...)
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  39.  16
    Micha Brumlik: Kritik des Zionismus.Julius H. Schoeps - 2008 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 60 (3):282-283.
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  40. Commemorating the 1913 Michaelis--Menten Paper Die Kinetik der Invertinwirkung: Three Perspectives.Ute Deichmann, Schuster Stefan, Mazat Jean-Pierre & Athel Cornish-Bowden - 2013 - FEBS 281 (2):435-463.
    Methods and equations for analysing the kinetics of enzyme-catalysed reactions were developed at the beginning of the 20th century in two centres in particular; in Paris, by Victor Henri, and, in Berlin, by Leonor Michaelis and Maud Menten. Henri made a detailed analysis of the work in this area that had preceded him, and arrived at a correct equation for the initial rate of reaction. However, his approach was open to the important objection that he took no account of the (...)
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  41.  56
    Information and Veridicality: Information Processing and the Bar-Hillel/Carnap Paradox.Nir Fresco & Michaelis Michael - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (1):131-151.
    Floridi’s Theory of Strongly Semantic Information posits the Veridicality Thesis. One motivation is that it can serve as a foundation for information-based epistemology being an alternative to the tripartite theory of knowledge. However, the Veridicality thesis is false, if ‘information’ is to play an explanatory role in human cognition. Another motivation is avoiding the so-called Bar-Hillel/Carnap paradox. But this paradox only seems paradoxical, if ‘information’ and ‘informativeness’ are synonymous, logic is a theory of inference, or validity suffices for rational inference; (...)
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  42. Time Travel for Endurantists.Markos Valaris & Michaelis Michael - 2015 - American Philosophical Quarterly 52 (4):357-364.
    Famously, David Lewis argued that we can avoid the apparent paradoxes of time travel by introducing a notion of personal time, which by and large follows the causal flow of the time traveler's life history. This paper argues that a related approach can be adapted for use by three-dimensionalists in response to Ted Sider's claim that three-dimensionalism is inconsistent with time travel. In contrast to Lewis (and others who follow him on this point), however, this paper argues that the order (...)
     
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  43.  8
    Sikorski R.. Repressentation and Distributivity of Boolean Algebras. Colloquium Mathematicum, Vol. 8 , Pp. 1–13.R. S. Pierce - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (3):393-393.
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  44.  30
    Michaeli Visual Representations of the Afterlife. Six Roman and Early Byzantine Painted Tombs in Israel. Pp. X + 358, B/W & Colour Ills. Leiden: Alexandros Press, 2009. Cased. ISBN: 978-94-90387-01-3. [REVIEW]Roger Ling - 2012 - The Classical Review 62 (1):319-319.
  45. Verantwortung.Micha H. Werner - 2013 - In Armin Grunwald (ed.), Handbuch Technikethik. Metzler. pp. 44-48.
    In der Technikethik spielt das Konzept der Verantwortung eine zentrale Rolle. ›Verantwortung‹ ist ein Basiskonzept, das, ähnlich wie die Konzepte ›Pflicht‹ oder ›Schuld‹, in vielfältigen Kontexten gebraucht wird. Dennoch lassen sich einige allgemeine Aussagen über seine Bedeutung treffen. Gerade Autoren, die im Bereich der Technik- und Wissenschaftsethik aktiv sind, haben sich nachdrücklich um eine Klärung des allgemeinen Verantwortungsbegriffs und seiner verschiedenen Aspekte und Gebrauchsweisen bemüht.
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  46.  5
    Sikorski R.. Distributivity and Representability. Fundamenta Mathematicae, Vol. 48 No. 1 , Pp. 91–103.R. S. Pierce - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (3):392-393.
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  47.  45
    Michaelis Pselli Theologica, Vol. I. [REVIEW]J. A. Munitiz - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (1):229-230.
  48.  35
    Knowledge Ascription by Grammatical Construction.Laura A. Michaelis - 2011 - In John Bengson & Marc A. Moffett (eds.), Knowing How: Essays on Knowledge, Mind, and Action. Oxford University Press, Usa. pp. 261.
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  49.  8
    Micha Brumlik: Preußisch, konservativ, jüdisch. Hans-Joachim Schoeps’ Leben und Werk, Wien/Köln/Weimar: Böhlau Verlag 2019, 294 S. [REVIEW]Joachim H. Knoll - 2020 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 72 (2):221-225.
  50.  6
    Sikorski R.. A Topological Characterization of Open Theories. Bulletin de l'Académie Polonaise des Sciences, Série des Sciences Mathématiques, Astronomiques Et Physiques, Vol. 9 , Pp. 259–260. [REVIEW]Walter Felscher - 1973 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (1):163-164.
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