Results for 'Metaphilosophy'

983 found
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  1. Metaphilosophy.Yuri Cath - 2011 - Oxford Bibliographies in Philosophy.
    Often philosophers have reason to ask fundamental questions about the aims, methods, nature, or value of their own discipline. When philosophers systematically examine such questions, the resulting work is sometimes referred to as “metaphilosophy.” Metaphilosophy, it should be said, is not a well-established, or clearly demarcated, field of philosophical inquiry like epistemology or the philosophy of art. However, in the late 20th and early 21st centuries there has been a great deal of metaphilosophical work on issues concerning the (...)
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  2. Metaphilosophy and Free Will.Richard Double - 1996 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Why is debate over the free will problem so intractable? In this broad and stimulating look at the philosophical enterprise, Richard Double uses the free will controversy to build on the subjectivist conclusion he developed in The Non-Reality of Free Will (OUP 1991). Double argues that various views about free will--e.g., compatibilism, incompatibilism, and even subjectivism--are compelling if, and only if, we adopt supporting metaphilosophical views. Because metaphilosophical considerations are not provable, we cannot show any free will theory to be (...)
  3.  15
    Metaphilosophie als einheitliche Disziplin.Michael Lewin - 2023 - Berlin: Springer/Metzler.
    Die sich seit den 1960ern entwickelnde Disziplin der Metaphilosophie ist mit dem Problem der philosophischen Vorbelastetheit metaphilosophischer Theorien behaftet. Diesem Problem wird mit dem erkenntnistheoretischen Programm des Perspektivismus begegnet. Es wird gezeigt, dass tiefgreifendes Verständnis der Perspektivität sich positiv auf die Qualität metaphilosophischer Forschung auswirken kann, deren Einheit nur unter der Idee eines im Vorhinein perspektivenübergreifend ausgerichteten Diskurses möglich ist.
  4.  9
    Metaphilosophy.Henri Lefebvre - 2016 - New York: Verso.
    Leading French thinker with his key work on philosophical thought In Metaphilosophy, Henri Lefebvre works through the implications of Marx’s revolutionary thought to consider philosophy’s engagement with the world. Lefebvre takes Marx’s notion of the “world becoming philosophical and philosophy becoming worldly” as a leitmotif, examining the relation between Hegelian–Marxist supersession and Nietzschean overcoming. Metaphilosophy is conceived of as a transformation of philosophy, developing it into a programme of radical worldwide change. The book demonstrates Lefebvre’s threefold debt to (...)
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  5.  20
    Pragmatism, Metaphilosophy, Eclecticism.Albert Piacente - 2023 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 15 (2).
    This paper explores metaphilosophy’s role in pragmatism. It does so particularly in relation to pragmatism’s multiplying and competing forms (e.g. classical pragmatism, neo-pragmatism, analytic pragmatism, third-wave pragmatism, new pragmatism, etc.). Focusing on the most comprehensive treatment of metaphilosophy in pragmatism, that of Scott Aikin and Robert Talisse, I argue their attempt to turn pragmatism into a metaphilosophy is problematic. Using a “metaphilosophical minimalism” to address pragmatism’s tendency toward what they label an inward looking and dogmatic “insularity” and (...)
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  6. The Metaphilosophy of Naturalism.Quentin Smith - 2001 - Philo 4 (2):195-215.
    The metaphilosophy of naturalism is about the nature and goals of naturalist philosophy. A real or..
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  7.  5
    Leibniz: Metaphilosophy and Metaphysics, 1666–1686.Andreas Blank - 2005 - Munich, Germany: Philosophia.
  8. Metaphilosophy: Defining Latin American and Latinx Philosophy,.Lori Gallegos de Castillo & Francisco Gallegos - 2019 - In Sanchez Eli (ed.), Introduction to Latin American and Latinx Philosophy.
    Some of the central questions that have been explored by Latin American and Latinx philosophers are questions of metaphilosophy. "Metaphilosophy" refers to philosophical reflections on the nature of philosophy itself. For example, we might ask: What is the purpose of doing philosophy? How does philosophy compare and contrast with other disciplines, such as science, theology, or literature? And what is the best way of categorizing the different kinds and traditions of philosophy? These are philosophical questions about philosophy as (...)
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  9. Metaphilosophy or methodological imperialism?: the rationale for contemporary African philosophy with reference to Oromo philosophy.Yoseph Mulugeta Baba - 2015 - Nairobi, Kenya: CUEA Press, The Catholic University of Eastern Africa.
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  10. Metaphilosophie und das Prinzip des Widerspruchs: Leibniz, Wolff und Du Châtelet.Andreas Blank - 2019 - In Ruth Hagengruber & Hartmut Hecht (eds.), Emilie du Châtelet Und Die Deutsche Aufklärung. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 79-98.
  11.  18
    Metaphilosophy: Philosophy in Philosophical Perspective.Nicholas Rescher - 2014 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Nicholas Rescher unites two facets of metaphilosophy to show that the historical perspective and forward-thinking normative, or systematic, approach are, together, an integral component of philosophy itself.
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  12.  25
    Philosophy, metaphilosophy and ideology-critique: an interview with Ruth Porter Groff.Ruth Porter Groff & Jamie Morgan - 2022 - Journal of Critical Realism 22 (2):256-292.
    In this interview, Ruth Groff discusses how she came to be a realist, her role as a community organizer, her relationship to critical realism, and various issues arising from her published work over the years. Discussion ranges across the nature of positivism and its legacy, the concept of falsehood, realism about causal powers, mind-independent reality, the history of philosophy, and the underlying interest in ideology-critique that runs through her thinking.
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  13.  99
    Metaphilosophy in the Systems of Metatheories.Georg Brutian - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (3):294-305.
    This article discusses the essence and form of various types of metatheory, paying special attention to metaphilosophy. It suggests the idea of the metatheoretical model—a completely new approach in philosophical discussion—and considers this concept with regard to the Platonic model and the Rhodian model. These models permit two different systems of metatheoretical construction. The paradigms of modern science allow the formation of metatheories that help further the development of logical, mathematical, and similar sciences. The Rhodian model allows the discovery (...)
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  14. Metaphilosophy and Relativism.Fiona Ellis - 2001 - Metaphilosophy 32 (4):359-377.
    I am concerned with the metaphilosophical questions of how we are to proceed when doing philosophy, and whether there is more than one way of achieving our aim. These questions are tackled initially by an examination of the answers given by Richard Double in his book Metaphilosophy and Freewill. It is argued that the considerations he rehearses in favour of metaphilosophical relativism are inconclusive, and that, in any case, it is a position that contains serious internal difficulties. An analogy (...)
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  15.  44
    Wittgenstein's Metaphilosophy.Paul Horwich - 2011 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Paul Horwich presents a bold new interpretation of Wittgenstein's later work. He argues that it is Wittgenstein's radically anti-theoretical metaphilosophy - and not his identification of the meaning of a word with its use - that underpins his discussions of specific issues concerning language, the mind, mathematics, knowledge, art, and religion.
  16.  16
    Metaphilosophy and the History of the Philosophy of Science-Toward a New Understanding of Scientific Success-Models Of and Models For: Theory and Practice in Contemporary Biology.Janet Kourany & Evelyn Fox Keller - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S72.
    Two decades of critique have sensitized historians and philosophers of science to the inadequacies of conventional dichotomies between theory and practice, thereby prompting the search for new ways of writing about science that are less beholden than the old ways to the epistemological mores of theoretical physics, and more faithful to the actual practices not only of physics but of all the natural sciences. The need for alternative descriptions seems particularly urgent if one is to understand the place of theory (...)
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  17. Naturalized metaphilosophy.David R. Morrow & Chris Alen Sula - 2011 - Synthese 182 (2):297-313.
    Traditional representations of philosophy have tended to prize the role of reason in the discipline. These accounts focus exclusively on ideas and arguments as animating forces in the field. But anecdotal evidence and more rigorous sociological studies suggest there is more going on in philosophy. In this article, we present two hypotheses about social factors in the field: that social factors influence the development of philosophy, and that status and reputation—and thus social influence—will tend to be awarded to philosophers who (...)
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  18. The Metaphilosophy of Language.Daniel Cohnitz - 2015 - In Jussi Haukioja (ed.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Language. New York: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 85-108.
  19.  68
    Metaphilosophy and Free Will.Yakir Levin - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (4):630.
    In Metaphilosophy and Free Will, Richard Double seeks to establish two theses: Disputes over free will are in principle unsolvable, since they stem from incommensurable metaphilosophical views and principles. Given a metaphilosophy which takes philosophy to be continuous with science, free will is not an objective feature of reality. Double defines free choices as "choices that, unless some excusing condition obtains, are sufficient to qualify their agents as morally responsible for the actions those choices produce and as warranting (...)
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  20.  47
    The Metaphilosophy of Commonsense.Edward H. Madden - 1983 - American Philosophical Quarterly 20 (1):23 - 36.
    Implicit in the scottish tradition is a metaphilosophy of commonsense which deserves as much attention as that recently given to scottish presentative realism and agent causality. The author articulates this metaphilosophy by (a) sketching a systematic metaphilosophy of commonsense, (b) considering to what extent thomas reid fits this pattern, And (c) deciding to what extent asa mahan, One of the ablest of the american realists, Fits it. The result is a characterization of a coherent scottish metaphilosophy (...)
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  21. Recent Metaphilosophy.Richard Rorty - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (2):299 - 318.
    A game in which each player is at liberty to change the rules whenever he wishes can neither be won nor lost.
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  22. The Metaphilosophy of Information.Sebastian Sequoiah-Grayson - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (3):331-344.
    This article mounts a defence of Floridi’s theory of strongly semantic information against recent independent objections from Fetzer and Dodig-Crnkovic. It is argued that Fetzer and Dodig-Crnkovic’s objections result from an adherence to a redundant practice of analysis. This leads them to fail to accept an informational pluralism, as stipulated by what will be referred to as Shannon’s Principle, and the non-reductionist stance. It is demonstrated that Fetzer and Dodig-Crnkovic fail to acknowledge that Floridi’s theory of strongly semantic information captures (...)
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  23. Mathematics and Metaphilosophy.Justin Clarke-Doane - 2022 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This book discusses the problem of mathematical knowledge, and its broader philosophical ramifications. It argues that the problem of explaining the (defeasible) justification of our mathematical beliefs (‘the justificatory challenge’), arises insofar as disagreement over axioms bottoms out in disagreement over intuitions. And it argues that the problem of explaining their reliability (‘the reliability challenge’), arises to the extent that we could have easily had different beliefs. The book shows that mathematical facts are not, in general, empirically accessible, contra Quine, (...)
  24. Metaphilosophy.Ulrich de Balbian - forthcoming - Oxford: Academic Publications.
    Meta-philosophical investigation of the nature, aims, methods of philosophy. Original, creative-thinking vs derivative , secondary thinking. Exploration of the limits of the philosophical discourse by subject-matter or fields shared with other disciplines eg logic, thinking, cognition, arguments, etc. Inter-disciplinary topics and issues can lead philosophers to become involved in other disciplines and thereby destroy the philosophical discourse and philosophizing.
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  25.  36
    Metaphilosophy and Argument: The Case of the Justification of Abduction.Paula Olmos - 2021 - Informal Logic 41 (2):131-164.
    This paper is an essay on metaphilosophy that reviews, describes, categorises, and discusses different ways philosophers have approached the justification of abduction as a mode of reasoning and arguing. Advocating an argumentative approach to abduction, I model the philosophical debate over its justification as the critical assessment of a warrant-establishing argument allowing “H explains D” to be used as a reason for “H can be inferred from D.” Philosophers have discussed the conditions under which such kind of generic argument (...)
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  26.  19
    Metaphilosophy: History and Perspectives.Vadim V. Vasilyev - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (2):6-18.
    In this paper I discuss a prehistory of the recent metaphilosophical research and provide an overview of its most important areas. I review the ways of understanding of philosophy by the authors of the Early Modernity and contemporary continental philosophers and outline a trajectory of metaphilosophical discussions in analytic philosophy of 20th century. I try to show that the recent surge of metaphilosophy research in it could be explained by a search for a new identity of analytic philosophy after (...)
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  27. Metaethics, metaphilosophy, and free will subjectivism.Richard Double - 2001 - In Robert Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. New York: Oxford University Press.
  28.  14
    Metaphilosophy and Free Will.John Martin Fischer - 1996 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 59 (4):1083-1086.
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  29.  10
    Metaphilosophy of philosophical “turns”: case study.К. Д Скрипник - 2023 - Philosophy Journal 16 (3):55-68.
    The purpose of the article is to consider the phenomenon of philosophical “turn” in the framework of descriptive metaphilosophy. Using the example of analytical, linguis­tic, pragmatic and ontological turns, an attempt is made to highlight the characteristic fea­tures of “turns”. The author shows that the analytical turn is associated with the develop­ment of methods of philosophy, primarily with the diversification of the concept of analy­sis itself. Consideration of the linguistic turn leads to the position that its characterization as a (...)
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  30.  80
    Metaphilosophy and the Role of Intuitions.Julia Langkau - 2019 - Topoi 38 (4):781-789.
    The practice of appealing to intuitions as evidence has recently been criticized by experimental philosophers. While some traditional philosophers defend intuitions as a trustworthy source of evidence, others try to undermine the challenge this criticism poses to philosophical methodology. This paper argues that some recent attempts to undermine the challenge from experimental philosophy fail. It concludes that the metaphilosophical question whether intuitions play a role in philosophy cannot be decided by analyzing our use of the word ‘intuition’ or related terms, (...)
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  31.  88
    Metaphilosophy as First Philosophy.Robert Piercey - 2010 - International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (3):335-349.
    This paper describes and evaluates two different ways of doing philosophy: a “reflexive” approach that sees metaphilosophical inquiry as fundamental, and a “nonreflexive” approach that sees metaphilosophy as dispensable. It examines arguments that have been advanced for these approaches by Gilbert Ryle, Jerry Fodor, and Richard Rorty, and claims that none of these arguments are convincing. Finally, the paper draws on Alasdair MacIntyre’s work to propose a different way of choosing between the approaches, one that asks which approach is (...)
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  32.  21
    An Introduction to Metaphilosophy.Søren Overgaard, Paul Gilbert & Stephen Burwood - 2013 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Paul Gilbert & Stephen Burwood.
    What is philosophy? How should we do it? Why should we bother to? These are the kinds of questions addressed by metaphilosophy - the philosophical study of the nature of philosophy itself. Students of philosophy today are faced with a confusing and daunting array of philosophical methods, approaches and styles and also deep divisions such as the notorious rift between analytic and Continental philosophy. This book takes readers through a full range of approaches - analytic versus Continental, scientistic versus (...)
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  33. Metaphilosophy from the Perspectives of Platonic and Rhodian Models 13 of Metatheories.Georg Brutian - 2018 - Proceedings of the XXIII World Congress of Philosophy 22:13-17.
    This report deals with one of the most popular trends in modern scientific theoretical thinking, that of building meta-conceptions of existing theories. All these meta-conceptions follow the method of building meta-mathematics for formalized mathematical calculi. The essence and forms of various types of metatheories are discussed. The author of this report has suggested the idea of metatheoretical models – Platonic and Rhodesian models of metatheories – a completely new approach in philosophical publications on the subject. These models allow separating two (...)
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  34. Metaphilosophy and religious disagreements.Steven De Haven & John King-Farlow - 1979 - Noûs 13 (4):511-516.
  35.  55
    Metaphilosophy.Nicholas Joll - 2010 - Internet Encylopedia of Philosophy.
    [From the article's Introduction]: The main topic of the article is the Western metaphilosophy of the last hundred years or so. But that topic is broached via a sketch of some earlier Western metaphilosophies. (In the case of the sketch, ‘Western’ means European. In the remainder of the article, ‘Western’ means European and North American. On Eastern meta­philosophy, see the entries filed under such heads as ‘Chinese philosophy’ and ‘Indian philosophy’.) Once that sketch is in hand, the article defines (...)
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  36.  59
    Metaphilosophy and the teaching of philosophy.E. A. Burtt - 1971 - Metaphilosophy 2 (4):368–368.
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  37. Metaphilosophy in Practice: The Responsibility of Psychopathic Offenders as a Case Study.Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2015/2016 - Anthropology and Philosophy 12:85-100.
    We argue that philosophy has an important role to play in bridging certain social practices with certain scientific advancements. Specifically, we describe such a role by focusing on the issue of how and whether neuropsychological data concerning psychopathic offenders reflect on their criminal culpability. We offer some methodological requirements for this type of philosophical application. In addition, we show how it might help in addressing the problem of determining the criminal responsibility of psychopathic offenders.
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  38. On Rorty's Evangelical Metaphilosophy.David Rondel - 2011 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 44 (2):150-170.
    I have spent 40 years looking for a coherent and convincing way of formulating my worries about what, if anything, philosophy is good for. Richard Rorty had an unusually avid interest in metaphilosophy. Again and again he would return to questions about the practical uses (if any) to which philosophy might be put, about philosophy's role in intellectual culture, about what philosophy is or might become. His answers to these questions were famously negative: philosophy's practical uses are few, its (...)
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  39.  47
    Kant’s Metaphilosophy.Michael Lewin - 2021 - Open Philosophy 4 (1):292-310.
    While the term “metaphilosophy” enjoys increasing popularity in Kant scholarship, it is neither clear what distinguishes a metaphilosophical theory from a philosophical one nor to what extent Kant’s philosophy contains metaphilosophical views. In the first part of the article, I will introduce a demarcation criterion and show how scholars fall prey to the fallacy of extension confusing Kant’s philosophical theories with his theories about philosophy. In the second part, I will analyze eight elements for an “imperfect definition” of philosophy (...)
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  40. Metaphilosophy, Pragmatism and a Kind of Critical Theory: Kai Nielsen and Richard Rorty.Kai Nielsen - 2007 - Philosophical Papers 36 (1):119-150.
    Metaphilosophy is itself philosophy about philosophy. It is not something before or independent of philosophy. Both Kai Nielsen and Richard Rorty are deeply concerned (someone might say obsessively preoccupied) with metaphilosophy. They both are thoroughly historicist and contextualist resolutely rejecting any form of a transcendental or metaphysical turn. They argue against claims to absolute validity (as well as against absolutism in any form) and a natural order of reasons: some 'Reason' to which any rational agent must be committed. (...)
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  41. Anarchism as Metaphilosophy.Lajos L. Brons - 2015 - The Science of Mind 53:139-158.
    Philosophy once started as the critical reflection on relatively ordinary human concerns. Increasing specialization has moved the discipline farther and farther away from these concerns, however, undermining its relevance outside the academy, but has also resulting in an ever increasing fragmentation. This fragmentation has further divided the field into a large number of esoteric communities that hardly understand each other. "Further divided", because philosophy was already divided into schools and traditions that seem to speak mutually unintelligible languages. In addition to (...)
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  42.  11
    Metaphilosophy and the History of the Philosophy of Science-Philosophy and the Social Aspects of Scientific Inquiry: Moving On from the Science Wars-Reviving the Sociology of Science.Noretta Koertge & Philip Kitcher - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S33-S44.
    I compare recent work in the sociology of scientific knowledge with other types of sociological research. On this basis I urge a revival of the sociology of science, offer a tentative agenda, and attempt to show how the questions I raise might be addressed.
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  43.  25
    The metaphilosophy of classic pragmatists.Gregory Fernando Pappas - 2010 - Discusiones Filosóficas 11 (17):205-222.
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  44.  2
    Philosophie und Metaphilosophie: Studien zwischen Antike und (Post-)Moderne.Bernhard Taureck - 1989 - Cuxhaven: Junghans.
  45.  1
    Philosophie und Metaphilosophie: Studien zwischen Antike und (Post-)Moderne.Bernhard Taureck - 1989 - Cuxhaven: Junghans.
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  46. Davidson's Wittgensteinian Metaphilosophy.Ali Hossein Khani - 2021 - Academia Letters:1-6.
    In this short paper, I am going to discuss an often neglected aspect of Davidson's philosophy, his metaphilosophy. Metaphilosophy is traditionally defined as the philosophy of philosophy. This definition, however, is not illuminating. I think metaphilosophy aims at a disclosure of the nature of philosophical questions, what they are and how to approach them. ...
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  47.  63
    Metaphilosophy.Morris Lazerowitz - 1971 - Critica 5 (15):3-27.
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  48.  77
    Metaphilosophy.Paul Thagard & Craig Beam - unknown
    analogies that epistemologists have used to discuss the structure and validity of knowledge. After reviewing foundational, coherentist, and other metaphors for knowledge, we discuss the metaphilosophical significance of the prevalence of such metaphors. We argue that they support a view of philosophy as akin to science rather than poetry or rhetoric.
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  49.  19
    Metaphilosophy as wisdom of science, art, and life.J. Kuczynski - 1999 - Dialogue and Universalism 9 (1-2).
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  50.  12
    Models of metaphilosophy.Archana Banerjee - 1989 - Calcutta: Minerva.
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