Results for 'Merel Kerstholt'

47 found
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  1.  18
    Training Approach-Avoidance of Smiling Faces Affects Emotional Vulnerability in Socially Anxious Individuals.Mike Rinck, Sibel Telli, Isabel L. Kampmann, Marcella L. Woud, Merel Kerstholt, Sarai te Velthuis, Matthias Wittkowski & Eni S. Becker - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  2.  53
    Computing and Moral Responsibility.Merel Noorman - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  3.  44
    Negotiating Autonomy and Responsibility in Military Robots.Merel Noorman & Deborah G. Johnson - 2014 - Ethics and Information Technology 16 (1):51-62.
    Central to the ethical concerns raised by the prospect of increasingly autonomous military robots are issues of responsibility. In this paper we examine different conceptions of autonomy within the discourse on these robots to bring into focus what is at stake when it comes to the autonomous nature of military robots. We argue that due to the metaphorical use of the concept of autonomy, the autonomy of robots is often treated as a black box in discussions about autonomous military robots. (...)
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  4.  49
    Responsibility Practices and Unmanned Military Technologies.Merel Noorman - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (3):809-826.
    The prospect of increasingly autonomous military robots has raised concerns about the obfuscation of human responsibility. This papers argues that whether or not and to what extent human actors are and will be considered to be responsible for the behavior of robotic systems is and will be the outcome of ongoing negotiations between the various human actors involved. These negotiations are about what technologies should do and mean, but they are also about how responsibility should be interpreted and how it (...)
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  5. The European Court of Human Rights and the Emergence of Human Germline Genome Editing-'The Right to Life' and 'the Right to (Artificial) Procreation'.Merel M. Spaander - 2023 - In Santa Slokenberga, Timo Minssen & Ana Nordberg (eds.), Governing, Protecting, and Regulating the Future of Genome Editing: The Significance of Elspi Perspectives. Brill/Nijhoff.
     
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  6. CONGRESBESPREKING-Is zonder vrije wil iedereen ontoerekeningsvatbaar?Merel Prinsen - 2011 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 103 (2):170.
     
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  7.  5
    What’s to Bullying a Bot? : Correlates Between Chatbot Humanlikeness and Abuse.Merel Keijsers, Christoph Bartneck & Friederike Eyssel - 2021 - Interaction Studies 22 (1):55-80.
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  8.  47
    Interacting with Fictions: The Role of Pretend Play in Theory of Mind Acquisition.Merel Semeijn - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (1):113-132.
    Pretend play is generally considered to be a developmental landmark in Theory of Mind acquisition. The aim of the present paper is to offer a new account of the role of pretend play in Theory of Mind development. To this end I combine Hutto and Gallagher’s account of social cognition development with Matravers’ recent argument that the cognitive processes involved in engagement with narratives are neutral regarding fictionality. The key contribution of my account is an analysis of pretend play as (...)
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  9.  8
    Limits to the Autonomy of Agents.Merel Noorman - 2008 - In P. Brey, A. Briggle & K. Waelbers (eds.), Current Issues in Computing and Philosophy. Ios Press. pp. 65--75.
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  10.  26
    Rethinking Unification : Unification as an Explanatory Value in Scientific Practice.Merel Lefevere - 2018 - Dissertation, University of Ghent
    This dissertation starts with a concise overview of what philosophers of science have written about unification and its role in scientific explanation during the last 50 years to provide the reader with some background knowledge. In order to bring unification back into the picture, I have followed two strategies, resulting respectively in Parts I and II of this dissertation. In Part I the idea of unification is used to refine and enrich the dominant causalmechanist and causal-interventionist accounts of scientific explanation. (...)
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  11. Evaluation for a Caring Society.Merel Visse & T. A. Abma (eds.) - 2018 - Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
    This book explores the intersection of evaluation studies and care ethics in contemporary Western societies. In all societies and institutions, large and small, we find forces that can strengthen or destroy their fabric. One new regulation, law, or policy can impact the lives of many who find themselves in precarious positions. Think, for example, about health care reform and migrant policies in various Western countries and their effects on the everyday lives of millions of people. Policies, programs, and those who (...)
     
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  12. Evaluation for a Caring Society : Toward New Imaginaries.Merel Visse & Tineke Abma - 2018 - In Merel Visse & T. A. Abma (eds.), Evaluation for a caring society. Information Age Publishing.
     
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  13.  1
    Biodiversity Communication at the UN Summit 2020: Blending Business and Nature.Merel Keijzer, Janet Fuller & Matt Drury - 2022 - Discourse and Communication 16 (1):37-57.
    Biodiverse ecosystems play a key role in maintaining life on earth. In response to rapid declines in biodiversity throughout the world, the UN Biodiversity Summit 2020 brought together world leaders to discuss potential solutions. We draw on cognitive linguistics, critical discourse analysis and ecolinguistics in analysing the summit contributions. All speakers blended vocabulary from the fields of BUSINESS and NATURE; in doing so, they were able to advocate solving biodiversity loss by implementing approaches commonly found in business. In addition, three (...)
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  14.  29
    Why Contextualism and Relative Rationality Doesn't Need Feminist Epistemology.Merel Lefevere - unknown
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  15.  10
    Private Epistemic Virtue, Public Vices: Moral Responsibility in the Policy Sciences.Merel Lefevere & Eric Schliesser - 2014 - Experts and Consensus in Social Science 50:275-295.
    In this chapter we address what we call “The-Everybody-Did-It” (TEDI) Syndrome, a symptom for collective negligence. Our main thesis is that the character of scientific communities can be evaluated morally and be found wanting in terms of moral responsibility. Even an epistemically successful scientific community can be morally responsible for consequences that were unforeseen by it and its members and that follow from policy advice given by its individual members. We motivate our account by a critical discussion of a recent (...)
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  16.  10
    Non-Physician-Assisted Suicide in The Netherlands: A Cross-Sectional Survey Among the General Public.Merel Kristi Schoonman, Ghislaine José Madeleine Wilhelmien van Thiel & Johannes Jozef Marten van Delden - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (12):842-848.
  17.  24
    Practising Political Care Ethics: Can Responsive Evaluation Foster Democratic Care?Merel Visse, Tineke Abma & Guy Widdershoven - 2015 - Ethics and Social Welfare 9 (2):164-182.
  18. Extracting Fictional Truth From Unreliable Sources.Emar Maier & Merel Semeijn - 2021 - In Emar Maier & Andreas Stokke (eds.), The Language of Fiction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    A fictional text is commonly viewed as constituting an invitation to play a certain game of make-believe, with the individual sentences written by the author providing the propositions we are to imagine and/or accept as true within the fiction. However, we can’t always take the text at face value. What narratologists call ‘unreliable narrators’ may present a confused or misleading picture of the fictional world. Meanwhile there has been a debate in philosophy about so-called ‘imaginative resistance’ in which we are (...)
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  19.  54
    Dialogue for Air, Air for Dialogue: Towards Shared Responsibilities in COPD Practice.Merel A. Visse, Truus Teunissen, Albert Peters, Guy A. M. Widdershoven & Tineke A. Abma - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (4):358-373.
    For the past several years patients have been expected to play a key role in their recovery. Self management and disease management have reached a hype status. Considering these recent trends what does this mean for the division of responsibilities between doctors and patients? What kind of role should healthcare providers play? With findings based on a qualitative research project of an innovative practice for people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) we reflect on these questions. In-depth interviews conducted with (...)
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  20.  37
    Moral Learning in an Integrated Social and Healthcare Service Network.Merel Visse, Guy A. M. Widdershoven & Tineke A. Abma - 2012 - Health Care Analysis 20 (3):281-296.
    The traditional organizational boundaries between healthcare, social work, police and other non-profit organizations are fading and being replaced by new relational patterns among a variety of disciplines. Professionals work from their own history, role, values and relationships. It is often unclear who is responsible for what because this new network structure requires rules and procedures to be re-interpreted and re-negotiated. A new moral climate needs to be developed, particularly in the early stages of integrated services. Who should do what, with (...)
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  21.  2
    No Association Between the Home Math Environment and Numerical and Patterning Skills in a Large and Diverse Sample of 5- to 6-Year-Olds. [REVIEW]Laure De Keyser, Merel Bakker, Sanne Rathé, Nore Wijns, Joke Torbeyns, Lieven Verschaffel & Bert De Smedt - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Selecting a large and diverse sample of 5–6-year-old preschool children, we aimed to extend previous findings on variability in children’s home math environment and its association with children’s mathematical skills. We operationalized mathematics in a broader way than in previous studies, by considering not only children’s numerical skills but also their patterning skills as integral components of early mathematical development. We investigated the effects of children’s gender and socioeconomic status on their home math environment, examined the associations between children’s home (...)
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  22.  61
    Unification, the Answer to Resemblance Questions.Erik Weber & Merel Lefevere - 2017 - Synthese 194 (9):3501-3521.
    In the current literature on scientific explanation unification became unfashionable in favour of causal approaches. We want to bring unification back into the picture. In this paper we demonstrate that resemblance questions do occur in scientific practice and that they cannot be properly answered without unification. Our examples show that resemblance questions about particular facts demand what we call causal network unification, while resemblance questions about regularities require what we call mechanism unification. We clarify how these types of unification relate (...)
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  23. How a Model Based on Linguistic Theory Can Improve the Assessment of Decision-Making Capacity for Persons with Dementia.Daniel J. Brauner & Susan E. Merel - 2006 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (2):139-148.
     
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  24.  86
    The Role of Unification in Micro-Explanations of Physical Laws.Erik Weber & Merel Lefevere - 2014 - Theoria 29 (1):41-56.
    In the literature on scientific explanation, there is a classical distinction between explanations of facts and explanations of laws. This paper is about explanations of laws, more specifically mechanistic explanations of laws. We investigate whether providing unificatory information in mechanistic explanations of laws has a surplus value. Unificatory information is information about how the mechanism that explains the law which is our target relates to other mechanisms. We argue that providing unificatory information can lead to explanations with more explanatory power (...)
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  25.  5
    Effecten van de Wet Dualisering Gemeentebestuur op de rolopvattingen van Nederlandse gemeenteraadsleden.Merel de Groot, Bas Denters & Pieter-Jan Klok - 2010 - Res Publica 52 (3):408-410.
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  26.  15
    Quantum mechanical atom models, legitimate explanations and mechanisms.Erik Weber, Merel Lefevere & Kristian Gonzalez Barman - 2021 - Foundations of Chemistry 23 (3):407-429.
    The periodic table is one of the best-known systems of classification in science. Because of the information it contains, it raises explanation-seeking questions. Quantum mechanical models of the behaviour of electrons may be seen as providing explanations in response to these questions. In this paper we first address the question ‘Do quantum mechanical models of atoms provide legitimate explanations?’ Because our answer is positive, our next question is ‘Are the explanations provided by quantum mechanical models of atoms mechanistic explanations?’. This (...)
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  27.  4
    Imagery Rehearsal Based Art Therapy: Treatment of Post-Traumatic Nightmares in Art Therapy.Suzanne Haeyen & Merel Staal - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Imagery Rehearsal Therapy is effective for trauma-related nightmares and is also a challenge to patients in finding access to their traumatic memories, because these are saved in non-verbal, visual, or audiovisual language. Art therapy is an experiential treatment that addresses images rather than words. This study investigates the possibility of an IRT-AT combination. Systematic literature review and field research was conducted, and the integration of theoretical and practice-based knowledge resulted in a framework for Imagery Rehearsal-based Art Therapy. The added value (...)
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  28. Responsive Evaluation as a Way to Create Space for Sexual Diversity : A Case Example on Gay-Friendly Elderly Care.Hannah Leyerzapf, Merel Visse, Arwin de Beer & Tineke Abma - 2018 - In Merel Visse & T. A. Abma (eds.), Evaluation for a caring society. Information Age Publishing.
     
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  29.  15
    How Shared is Shared Decision-Making? A Care-Ethical View on the Role of Partner and Family.Inge van Nistelrooij, Merel Visse, Ankana Spekkink & Jasmijn de Lange - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (9):637-644.
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  30.  19
    Beyond Demarcation: Care Ethics as an Interdisciplinary Field of Inquiry.Carlo Leget, Inge van Nistelrooij & Merel Visse - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301770700.
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  31.  1
    Assessing Visual Statistical Learning in Early-School-Aged Children: The Usefulness of an Online Reaction Time Measure.Merel van Witteloostuijn, Imme Lammertink, Paul Boersma, Frank Wijnen & Judith Rispens - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  32.  13
    Me? The Invisible Call of Responsibility and its Promise for Care Ethics: A Phenomenological View.Inge van Nistelrooij & Merel Visse - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (2):275-285.
    Care ethics emphasizes responsibility as a key element for caring practices. Responsibilities to care are taken by certain groups of people, making caring practices into moral and political practices in which responsibilities are assigned, assumed, or implicitly expected, as well as deflected. Despite this attention for social practices of distribution and its unequal result, making certain groups of people the recipient of more caring responsibilities than others, the passive aspect of a caring responsibility has been underexposed by care ethics. By (...)
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  33.  29
    Who Is the Doctor in This House? Analyzing the Moral Evaluations of Medical Students and Physicians ofHouse, M.D.Merel van Ommen, Serena Daalmans & Addy Weijers - 2014 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 5 (4):61-74.
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  34.  8
    How Robust is the Language Architecture? The Case of Mood.Jos J. A. Van Berkum, Dieuwke De Goede, Petra M. Van Alphen, Emma R. Mulder & José H. Kerstholt - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  35.  63
    A Citizen's Guide to Artificial Intelligence.James Maclaurin, John Danaher, John Zerilli, Colin Gavaghan, Alistair Knott, Joy Liddicoat & Merel Noorman - 2021 - Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
    A concise but informative overview of AI ethics and policy. -/- Artificial intelligence, or AI for short, has generated a staggering amount of hype in the past several years. Is it the game-changer it's been cracked up to be? If so, how is it changing the game? How is it likely to affect us as customers, tenants, aspiring homeowners, students, educators, patients, clients, prison inmates, members of ethnic and sexual minorities, and voters in liberal democracies? Authored by experts in fields (...)
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  36.  27
    Memory‐Based Deception Detection: Extending the Cognitive Signature of Lying From Instructed to Self‐Initiated Cheating.Linda M. Geven, Gershon Ben-Shakhar, Merel Kindt & Bruno Verschuere - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):608-631.
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  37.  92
    The Role of Unification in Explanations of Facts.Erik Weber, Jeroen Van Bouwel & Merel Lefevere - 2010 - In Henk de Regt, Samir Okasha & Stephan Hartmann (eds.), EPSA Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer.
    In the literature on scientific explanation, there is a classical distinction between explanations of facts and explanations of laws. This paper is about explanations of facts. Our aim is to analyse the role of unification in explanations of this kind. We discuss five positions with respect to this role, argue for two of them and refute the three others.
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  38.  34
    Institutional and Moral Obligations (or Merels and Morals).Peter A. French - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy 74 (10):575-587.
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  39.  11
    Relevance of Research on Experimental Psychopathology to Substance Misuse.Peter J. de Jong, Merel Kindt & Anne Roefs - 2006 - In Reinout W. Wiers & Alan W. Stacy (eds.), Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction. Sage Publications.
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  40.  7
    A Bayesian Hierarchical Diffusion Model Decomposition of Performance in Approach–Avoidance Tasks.Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Tom Beckers, Merel Kindt & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (8):1424-1444.
  41.  21
    Manipulating Affective State Influences Conditioned Appetitive Responses.Inna Arnaudova, Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Marieke Effting, Merel Kindt & Tom Beckers - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):1062-1081.
    ABSTRACTAffective states influence how individuals process information and behave. Some theories predict emotional congruency effects. Emotional congruency should theoretically obstruct the learning of reward associations and their ability to guide behaviour under negative mood. Two studies tested the effects of the induction of a negative affective state on appetitive Pavlovian learning, in which neutral stimuli were associated with chocolate or alcohol rewards. In both experiments, participants showed enhanced approach tendencies towards predictors of reward after a negative relative to a positive (...)
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  42.  21
    Fearing Shades of Grey: Individual Differences in Fear Responding Towards Generalisation Stimuli.Inna Arnaudova, Angelos-Miltiadis Krypotos, Marieke Effting, Merel Kindt & Tom Beckers - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (6):1181-1196.
    ABSTRACTIndividual differences in fear generalisation have been proposed to play a role in the aetiology and/or maintenance of anxiety disorders, but few data are available to directly support that claim. The research that is available has focused mostly on generalisation of peripheral and central physiological fear responses. Far less is known about the generalisation of avoidance, the behavioural component of fear. In two experiments, we evaluated how neuroticism, a known vulnerability factor for anxiety, modulates an array of fear responses, including (...)
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  43.  9
    Generalisation of Modified Interpretive Bias Across Tasks and Domains.Elske Salemink, Marcel van den Hout & Merel Kindt - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (3):453-464.
  44.  18
    To Care or Not to Care a Narrative on Experiencing Caring Responsibilities.Karin van der Heijden, Merel Visse, Gerty Lensvelt-Mulders & Guy Widdershoven - 2016 - Ethics and Social Welfare 10 (1):53-68.
  45.  13
    Distance Comparisons in Virtual Reality: Effects of Path, Context, and Age.Ineke J. M. van der Ham, Heleen Baalbergen, Peter G. M. van der Heijden, Albert Postma, Merel Braspenning & Milan N. A. van der Kuil - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  46.  9
    First Steps in Using Multi-Voxel Pattern Analysis to Disentangle Neural Processes Underlying Generalization of Spider Fear.Renée M. Visser, Pia Haver, Robert J. Zwitser, H. Steven Scholte & Merel Kindt - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  47.  48
    The Language of Fiction.Emar Maier & Andreas Stokke (eds.) - 2021 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This volume brings together new research on fiction from the fields of philosophy and linguistics. Fiction has long been a topic of interest in philosophy, but recent years have also seen a surge in work on fictional discourse at the intersection between linguistics and philosophy of language. In particular, there has been a growing interest in examining long-standing issues concerning fiction from a perspective that is informed both by philosophy and linguistic theory. -/- Following a detailed introduction by the editors, (...)
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