Results for 'Meredith S. Reynolds'

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  1.  14
    National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control.Donald E. Benken, Meredith S. Reynolds & Alicia S. Hunter - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (s1):5-6.
    The National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control was conceived by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a strategic conference to review the current status of legal preparedness for obesity prevention and control, identify potential gaps, and develop specific action options for improving the contribution law can make to reduce the health threat posed by obesity. Working with the collaborating partners and planning committe, the host committe planned and modeled after the Summit CDC’s 2007 conference (...)
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  2.  16
    National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control.Donald E. Benken, Meredith S. Reynolds & Alicia S. Hunter - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (s1):5-6.
    The National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control was conceived by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a strategic conference to review the current status of legal preparedness for obesity prevention and control, identify potential gaps, and develop specific action options for improving the contribution law can make to reduce the health threat posed by obesity. Working with the collaborating partners and planning committe, the host committe planned and modeled after the Summit CDC’s 2007 conference (...)
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  3.  16
    Obesity Prevention in the Early Care and Education Setting: Successful Initiatives across a Spectrum of Opportunities.Meredith A. Reynolds, Caree Jackson Cotwright, Barbara Polhamus, Allison Gertel-Rosenberg & Debbie Chang - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s2):8-18.
    With an estimated 12.1% of children aged 2–5 years already obese, prevention efforts must target our youngest children. One of the best places to reach young children for such efforts is the early care and education setting. More than 11 million U.S. children spend an average of 30 hours per week in ECE facilities. Increased attention at the national, state, and community level on the ECE setting for early obesity prevention efforts has sparked a range of innovative efforts. To assist (...)
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  4.  19
    Orthodoxy, heresy and philosophy in the latter half of the fourth century.S. J. Anthony Meredith - 1975 - Heythrop Journal 16 (1):5–21.
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  5.  6
    Promoting Healthy Decision-Making via Natural Environment Exposure: Initial Evidence and Future Directions.Meredith S. Berry, Meredith A. Repke, Alexander L. Metcalf & Kerry E. Jordan - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  6.  51
    Turning Inward or Focusing Out? Navigating Theories of Interpersonal and Ethical Cognitions to Understand Ethical Decision-Making.Lumina S. Albert, Scott J. Reynolds & Bulent Turan - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (2):467-484.
    The literature on ethical decision-making is rooted in a cognitive perspective that emphasizes the role of moral judgment. Recent research in interpersonal dynamics, however, has suggested that ethics revolves around an individual’s perceptions and views of others. We draw from both literatures to propose and empirically examine a contingent model. We theorize that whether the individual relies on cognitions about the ethical issue or perceptions of others depends on the level of social consensus surrounding the issue. We test our hypotheses (...)
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  7.  24
    Everyday Ruptures: Children, Youth, and Migration in Global Perspective. Cati Coe, Rachel R. Reynolds, Deborah A. Boehm, Julia Meredith Hess, and Heather Rae‐Espinoza, eds. Nashville: Vanderbilt. 2011. vii + 230pp. [REVIEW]Mindy Steinberg & Thomas S. Weisner - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (4):1-3.
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  8.  29
    Trial Design and Informed Consent for a Clinic-Based Study With a Treatment as Usual Control Arm.Howard B. Degenholtz, Lisa S. Parker & Charles F. Reynolds - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):43-62.
    Employing the National Institute of Mental Health-funded Prevention of Suicide in Primary Care Elderly Collaborative Trial as a case study, we discuss 2 sets of ethical issues: obtaining informed consent for a clinic-based intervention study and using treatment as usual (TAU) as the control condition. We then address these ethical issues in the context of the debate about the quality improvement efforts of health care organizations. Our analysis reveals the tension between ethics and scientific integrity involved with using TAU as (...)
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  9.  49
    All about us, but never about us: The three-pronged potency of prejudice.S. Alexander Haslam & Katherine J. Reynolds - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (6):435-436.
    Three points that are implicit in Dixon et al.'s paradigm-challenging paper serve to make prejudice potent. First, prejudice reflects understandings of social identity usthem that are shared within particular groups. Second, these understandings are actively promoted by leaders who represent and advance in-group identity. Third, prejudice is identified in out-groups, not in-groups.
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  10. The Third Lens: Metaphor and the Creation of Modern Cell Biology.Andrew S. Reynolds - 2018 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  11.  17
    Mentored peer review of standardized manuscripts as a teaching tool for residents: a pilot randomized controlled multi-center study.Mitchell S. V. Elkind, David C. Spencer, Linda M. Selwa, Patrick S. Reynolds, Raymond S. Price, Tracey A. Milligan, MaryAnn Mays, Zachary N. London, Joseph S. Kass, Sheryl R. Haut, Blair Ford, Yeseon Park Moon, Rebeca Aragón-García, Roy E. Strowd & Victoria S. S. Wong - 2017 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 2 (1).
    BackgroundThere is increasing need for peer reviewers as the scientific literature grows. Formal education in biostatistics and research methodology during residency training is lacking. In this pilot study, we addressed these issues by evaluating a novel method of teaching residents about biostatistics and research methodology using peer review of standardized manuscripts. We hypothesized that mentored peer review would improve resident knowledge and perception of these concepts more than non-mentored peer review, while improving review quality.MethodsA partially blinded, randomized, controlled multi-center study (...)
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  12.  35
    A Computational Model of Event Segmentation From Perceptual Prediction.Jeremy R. Reynolds, Jeffrey M. Zacks & Todd S. Braver - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (4):613-643.
    People tend to perceive ongoing continuous activity as series of discrete events. This partitioning of continuous activity may occur, in part, because events correspond to dynamic patterns that have recurred across different contexts. Recurring patterns may lead to reliable sequential dependencies in observers' experiences, which then can be used to guide perception. The current set of simulations investigated whether this statistical structure within events can be used 1) to develop stable internal representations that facilitate perception and 2) to learn when (...)
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  13.  28
    Reading and CommunicationOral Aspects of ReadingRemedial Reading-Teaching and TreatmentBackwardness in ReadingMaturity in ReadingNonverbal Communication.G. Patrick Meredith, Helen M. Robinson, Maurice D. Woolf, Jeanne A. Woolf, M. D. Vernon, William S. Gray, Bernice Rogers, Jurgen Ruesch & Weldon Kees - 1958 - British Journal of Educational Studies 7 (1):67.
  14.  16
    Stakeholder Theory and Managerial Decision-Making: Constraints and Implications of Balancing Stakeholder Interests.S. J. Reynolds, F. C. Schultz & D. R. Hekman - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (3):285-301.
    Stakeholder theory is widely recognized as a management theory, yet very little research has considered its implications for individual managerial decision-making. In the two studies reported here, we used stakeholder theory to examine managerial decisions about balancing stakeholder interests. Results of Study 1 suggest that indivisible resources and unequal levels of stakeholder saliency constrain managers’ efforts to balance stakeholder interests. Resource divisibility also influenced whether managers used a within-decision or an across-decision approach to balance stakeholder interests. In Study 2 we (...)
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  15.  52
    Women’s perspectives on the ethical implications of non-invasive prenatal testing: a qualitative analysis to inform health policy decisions.Meredith Vanstone, Alexandra Cernat, Jeff Nisker & Lisa Schwartz - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):27.
    Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing is a technology which provides information about fetal genetic characteristics very early in pregnancy by examining fetal DNA obtained from a sample of maternal blood. NIPT is a morally complex technology that has advanced quickly to market with a strong push from industry developers, leaving many areas of uncertainty still to be resolved, and creating a strong need for health policy that reflects women’s social and ethical values. We approach the need for ethical policy-making by studying the (...)
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  16.  19
    Physically attractive faces attract us physically.Robin S. S. Kramer, Jerrica Mulgrew, Nicola C. Anderson, Daniil Vasilyev, Alan Kingstone, Michael G. Reynolds & Robert Ward - 2020 - Cognition 198 (C):104193.
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  17.  32
    History and essence in human cognition.Susan A. Gelman, Meredith A. Meyer & Nicholaus S. Noles - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):142-143.
    Bullot & Reber (B&R) provide compelling evidence that sensitivity to context, history, and design stance are crucial to theories of art appreciation. We ask how these ideas relate to broader aspects of human cognition. Further open questions concern how psychological essentialism contributes to art appreciation and how essentialism regarding created artifacts (such as art) differs from essentialism in other domains.
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  18.  18
    Determining the need for ethical review: a three-stage Delphi study.J. Reynolds, N. Crichton, W. Fisher & S. Sacks - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (12):889-894.
    Aims: The aims of the study were to explore expert opinion on the distinction between “research” and “audit”, and to determine the need for review by a National Health Service (NHS) Research Ethics Committee (REC). Background: Under current guidelines only “research” projects within the NHS require REC approval. Concerns have been expressed over difficulties in distinguishing between research and other types of project, and no existing guidelines appear to have been validated. The implications of this confusion include unnecessary REC applications, (...)
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  19.  11
    Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography.F. S. Reynolds & Wayne Horowitz - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (1):131.
  20. Fated, Overlooked, and Disregarded: African American Mathematics Education.A. Powell & S. Reynolds - 2001 - Journal of Thought 36 (1):67-76.
  21.  15
    On the planetary capacity to sustain human populations.Colin S. Reynolds - 2014 - Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics 14 (1):33-41.
  22.  26
    The deaths of a cell: How language and metaphor influence the science of cell death.Andrew S. Reynolds - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:175-184.
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  23.  13
    Nick Hopwood, Haeckel’s Embryos: Images, Evolution, and Fraud: The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 2015, vii + 388 pp, illus. [202 color plates, 2 tables], $45.00.Andrew S. Reynolds - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 38 (1):165-167.
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  24.  16
    A History of Industrial Power in the United States, 1780-1930. Volume II: Steam Power. Louis C. Hunter.Terry S. Reynolds - 1986 - Isis 77 (3):565-566.
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  25.  15
    Ensayo sobre la composición de las máquinasJosé María de Lanz Augustín de Betancourt Manuel Díaz-Marta.Terry S. Reynolds - 1992 - Isis 83 (3):511-512.
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  26.  8
    Gentlemen Engineers: The Working Lives of Frank and Walter Shanly. Richard White.Terry S. Reynolds - 2000 - Isis 91 (3):611-612.
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  27.  12
    Hydraulics in the United States, 1776-1976. Hunter Rouse.Terry S. Reynolds - 1977 - Isis 68 (4):638-639.
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  28.  19
    Mindful but forgetful: The negative effect of trait mindfulness on memories of immoral behavior.Scott J. Reynolds, Matt Eliseo, Trevor S. Watkins & Misha Mariam - 2023 - Business and Society Review 128 (3):389-416.
    Drawing from existing theory and empirical evidence on mindfulness, we posit that trait mindfulness is associated with less accurate memories of immoral conduct. We report three studies that provide evidence of this argument. One significant implication of this finding is that it provides a more balanced and complete view of mindfulness. Specifically, while mindfulness is widely promoted for its positive effects for employee well‐being, mindfulness may inadvertently promote a biased moral self‐perception based on inaccurate memories of one's past immoral conduct. (...)
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  29. Discovering the ties that bind: cell-cell communication and the development of cell sociology.Andrew S. Reynolds - 2017 - In Scott Lidgard & Lynn K. Nyhart (eds.), Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives. University of Chicago Press.
     
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  30. Educational Reform: A Complex Matter.S. Reynolds & K. Martin - 1997 - Journal of Thought 32:77-86.
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  31.  4
    STS at Michigan Technological University: A History and Profile.Terry S. Reynolds - 1999 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 19 (1):49-50.
    At Michigan Tech, science, technology, and society (STS) was introduced as a means of attracting new students to the school, providing general education courses more attractive to engineering students, and furnishing a focus for an unfocused, multidisciplinary department of the Social Sciences. STS enjoyed very limited success in the first two areas; however, using STS as a focus for a hitherto unfocused department has been highly successful and has led to the creation in the department of two new and successful (...)
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  32.  17
    The Dawn of Modern Thought.Paul A. Reynolds & S. H. Mellone - 1932 - Philosophical Review 41 (1):88.
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  33. Teaching in a Complex System.S. Reynolds - 2001 - Journal of Thought 36 (2):33-38.
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  34.  13
    The Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present. Martin V. Melosi.Terry S. Reynolds - 2000 - Isis 91 (4):767-768.
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  35.  7
    Water Power in Scotland, 1550-1870John Shaw.Terry S. Reynolds - 1984 - Isis 75 (4):785-786.
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  36.  25
    Canidia Channels Medea: Rereading Horace’s Epode 5.Meredith Prince - 2013 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 106 (4):609-620.
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  37.  45
    Going Beyond Input Quantity: Wh‐Questions Matter for Toddlers' Language and Cognitive Development.Meredith L. Rowe, Kathryn A. Leech & Natasha Cabrera - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S1):162-179.
    There are clear associations between the overall quantity of input children are exposed to and their vocabulary acquisition. However, by uncovering specific features of the input that matter, we can better understand the mechanisms involved in vocabulary learning. We examine whether exposure to wh-questions, a challenging quality of the communicative input, is associated with toddlers' vocabulary and later verbal reasoning skills in a sample of low-income, African-American fathers and their 24-month-old children. Dyads were videotaped in free play sessions at home. (...)
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  38.  23
    Aesthetic Experience and Moral Vision in Plato, Kant, and Murdoch: Looking Good/Being Good.Meredith Trexler Drees - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This book addresses how Plato, Kant, and Iris Murdoch view the connection aesthetic experience has to morality. While offering an examination of Iris Murdoch’s philosophy, it analyses deeply the suggestive links between Plato’s and Kant’s philosophies. Meredith Trexler Drees considers not only Iris Murdoch’s concept of unselfing, but also its relationship with Kant’s view of Achtung and Plato’s view of Eros. In addition, Trexler Drees suggests an extended, and partially amended, version of Murdoch’s view, arguing that it is more (...)
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  39. Grand Illusions: Large-Scale Optical Toys and Contemporary Scientific Spectacle.Meredith A. Bak - 2013 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 35 (2):249-267.
    Nineteenth-century optical toys that showcase illusions of motion such as the phenakistoscope, zoetrope, and praxinoscope, have enjoyed active “afterlives” in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Contemporary incarnations of the zoetrope are frequently found in the realms of fine art and advertising, and they are often much larger than their nineteenth-century counterparts. This article argues that modern-day optical toys are able to conjure feelings of wonder and spectacle equivalent to their nineteenth-century antecedents because of their adjustment in scale. Exploring a range (...)
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  40.  75
    Wittgenstein, Mind and Meaning: Towards a Social Conception of Mind.Meredith Williams - 1999 - New York: Routledge.
    _Wittgenstein, Mind and Meaning_ offers a provocative re-reading of Wittgenstein's later writings on language and mind, and explores the tensions between Wittgenstein's ideas and contemporary cognitivist conceptions of the mental. This book addresses both Wittgenstein's later works as well as contemporary issues in philosophy of mind. It provides fresh insight into the later Wittgenstein and raises vital questions about the foundations of cognitivism and its wider implications for psychology and cognitive science.
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  41. Wounds and Scars: Deleuze on the Time and Ethics of the Event.Jack Reynolds - 2007 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 1 (2):144-166.
    This paper explores the idea that Deleuze’s oeuvre is best understood as a philosophy of the wound, synonymous with a philosophy of the event. Although this wound/scar typology may appear to be a metaphorical conceit, the motif of the wound recurs frequently and perhaps even symptomatically in many of Deleuze’s texts, particularly where he is attempting to delineate some of the most important differences (transcendental, temporal, and ethical) between himself and his phenomenological predecessors. I raise some some potential problems for (...)
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  42.  23
    Uncertainty and Business Decisions.A. Li Wright, C. F. Carter, G. P. Meredith & G. L. S. Shackle - 1960 - Philosophical Quarterly 10 (38):94.
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  43.  21
    Rights, Interests, and Moral Equality.Meredith Williams - 1980 - Environmental Ethics 2 (2):149-161.
    I discuss Peter Singer’s claim that the interests of animals merit equal consideration with those of human beings. I show that there are morally relevant differences between humans and animals that Singer’s rather narrow utilitarian conception of morality fails to capture. Further, I argue that Singer’s formal conception of moral equality is so thin as to be virtually vacuous and that his attempts to give it moresubstance point to just the kind of differences between humans and animals that undermine his (...)
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  44.  29
    The advent of chemical symbolism in the art of Sonya Rapoport.Meredith Tromble - 2008 - Foundations of Chemistry 11 (1):51-60.
    This paper explores the use of chemical symbolism in works by the new media artist Sonya Rapoport, with a focus on the pivotal Cobalt series from the late 1970s. These works, drawings on computer printouts generated by research at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, respond to experiments in nuclear chemistry. They mark the beginning of three productive decades in which Rapoport produced a variety of images related to chemistry in her work. She states, “I looked for authentic research projects that were (...)
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  45.  11
    Some problematic links between hunting and geometry.Meredith M. Kimball - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (2):258-259.
    Geary's emphasis on hunting ignores the possible importance of other human activities, such as scavenging and gathering, in the evolution of spatial abilities. In addition, there is little evidence that links spatial abilities and math skills. Furthermore, such links have little practical importance given the small size of most differences and girls' superior performance in mathematics classrooms.
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  46.  24
    What's Not Being Shared in Shared Decision‐Making?Meredith Stark & Joseph J. Fins - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (4):13-16.
    What's not to like about shared decision‐making? These programs employ specially crafted decision aids to educate patients about their treatment options and then merge the newly informed patient preferences, both general and treatment‐specific, with guidance from physicians to optimize medical decisions. Sounds great, right? Even better, recent evidence indicates that shared decision‐making programs may also help bend the proverbial cost curve by reducing the use of medical interventions that patients, now properly educated about their options, often say they do not (...)
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  47.  23
    How Biomedical Citizen Scientists Define What They Do: It’s All in the Name.Meredith Trejo, Isabel Canfield, Jill O. Robinson & Christi J. Guerrini - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (1):63-70.
    Background As citizen science continues to grow in popularity, there remains disagreement about what terms should be used to describe citizen science activities and participants. The question of how to self-identify has important ethical, political, and practical implications to the extent that shared language reflects a common ethos and goals and shapes behavior. Biomedical citizen science in particular has come to be associated with terms that reflect its unique activities, concerns, and priorities. To date, however, there is scant evidence regarding (...)
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  48.  48
    The evolution of female sexuality and mate selection in humans.Meredith F. Small - 1992 - Human Nature 3 (2):133-156.
    Understanding female sexuality and mate choice is central to evolutionary scenarios of human social systems. Studies of female sexuality conducted by sex researchers in the United States since 1938 indicate that human females in general are concerned with their sexual well-being and are capable of sexual response parallel to that of males. Across cultures in general and in western societies in particular, females engage in extramarital affairs regularly, regardless of punishment by males or social disapproval. Families are usually concerned with (...)
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  49.  9
    Kant's Critique of Judgement.J. C. Meredith - 1915 - International Journal of Ethics 26 (1):139-141.
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  50.  6
    8. David Braybrooke’s Philosophy of Social Science.Meredith Ralston - 2006 - In Susan Sherwin & Peter Schotch (eds.), Engaged Philosophy: Essays in Honour of David Braybrooke. University of Toronto Press. pp. 193-220.
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