Results for 'Menge Torsten'

912 found
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  1.  92
    Fictional Expectations and the Ontology of Power.Torsten Menge - 2020 - Philosophers' Imprint 20 (29):1-22.
    What kind of thing, as it were, is power and how does it fit into our understanding of the social world? I approach this question by exploring the pragmatic character of power ascriptions, arguing that they involve fictional expectations directed at an open future. When we take an agent to be powerful, we act as if that agent had a robust capacity to make a difference to the actions of others. While this pretense can never fully live up to a (...)
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  2. Violence and the Materiality of Power.Torsten Menge - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-26.
    The issue of political violence is mostly absent from current debates about power. Many conceptions of power treat violence as wholly distinct from or even antithetical to power, or see it as a mere instrument whose effects are obvious and not in need of political analysis. In this paper, I explore what kind of ontology of power is necessary to properly take account of the various roles that violence can play in creating and maintaining power structures. I pursue this question (...)
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  3.  13
    The Uncanny Effect of Telling Genealogies.Torsten Menge - 2017 - Southwest Philosophy Review 33 (1):63-73.
    What is the normative import of telling a genealogy of our present reason-giving practices? In this paper, I will focus on Michel Foucault’s materialist genealogies in Discipline and Punish and The History of Sexuality, Vol. 1, which attend to the social and material settings in which we act and give and ask for reasons. A number of influential critics have interpreted them as a critical evaluation of our reason-giving practices. But understood in this way, Foucault’s genealogical project faces significant philosophical (...)
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  4. How Far Does the European Union Reach? Foreign Land Acquisitions and the Boundaries of Political Communities.Torsten Menge - 2019 - Land 8 (3).
    The recent global surge in large-scale foreign land acquisitions marks a radical transformation of the global economic and political landscape. Since land that attracts capital often becomes the site of expulsions and displacement, it also leads to new forms of migration. In this paper, I explore this connection from the perspective of a political philosopher. I argue that changes in global land governance unsettle the congruence of political community and bounded territory that we often take for granted. As a case (...)
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  5.  91
    Neighborhoods and States: Why Collective Self-Determination is Not Always Valuable.Torsten Menge - manuscript
    Collective self-determination is considered to be an important political value. Many liberal political philosophers appeal to it to defend the right of states to exclude would-be newcomers. In this paper, I challenge the value of collective self-determination in the case of countries like the US, former colonial powers with a history of white supremacist immigration and citizenship policies. I argue for my claim by way of an analogy: There is no value to white neighborhoods in the US, which are the (...)
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  6.  43
    The Role of Power in Social Explanation.Torsten Menge - 2018 - European Journal of Social Theory 21 (1):22 - 38.
    Power is often taken to be a central concept in social and political thought that can contribute to the explanation of many different social phenomena. This article argues that in order to play this role, a general theory of power is required to identify a stable causal capacity, one that does not depend on idiosyncratic social conditions and can thus exert its characteristic influence in a wide range of cases. It considers three promising strategies for such a theory, which ground (...)
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  7.  1
    The Power of Genealogy.Torsten Menge - 2015 - Dissertation, Georgetown University
    What is the normative import of telling genealogies? Genealogies are historical accounts of our present reason-giving practices. They purport to show how certain reasons, forms of reasoning, norms, and concepts came to be authoritative for us, by looking at how these practices developed in concrete social and material settings. I argue in this dissertation that telling genealogies can challenge the legitimacy of found norms and thereby open up a space for normative transformation. To understand the central role that the concept (...)
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  8.  3
    Colonial Genealogies of Immigration Controls, Self-Determination, and the Nation-State. [REVIEW]Menge Torsten - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-17.
    Political philosophy has long treated the nation-state as the starting point for normative inquiry, while paying little attention to the ongoing legacies of colonialism and imperialism. But given how most modern states emerged, normative discussions about migration, for example, need to engage with the colonial and imperial history of state immigration controls, citizenship practices, and the nation-state more generally. This article critically reviews three historical studies by Adom Getachew, Radhika Mongia, and Nandita Sharma that engage in depth with this history. (...)
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  9.  5
    Commentary on Torsten Menge’s “Making It Uncanny: The Critical Effect of Telling a Genealogy”.Randall Auxier - 2017 - Southwest Philosophy Review 33 (2):31-34.
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  10.  53
    Space and Time in Geography: Essays Dedicated to Torsten Hägerstrand.Torsten Hägerstrand & Allan Pred (eds.) - 1981 - Cwk Gleerup.
    This book is a festschrift for Torsten Hagerstrand. "Through your work on migration, innovation diffusion, and time-geography you have helped demonstrate that geography's most profound insights are to be gained from the study of process rather than form.".
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  11. Meng Peiyuan Jiang Kongzi.Peiyuan Meng - 2005 - Beijing da Xue Chu Ban She.
  12.  31
    The Poetry of Meng Chiao and Han YüThe Poetry of Meng Chiao and Han Yu.Joseph Roe Allen, Stephen Owen, Meng Chiao, Han Yü & Han Yu - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (4):534.
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  13.  59
    The Cognitive Based Approach of Capacity Assessment in Psychiatry: A Philosophical Critique of the MacCAT-T. [REVIEW]Torsten Marcus Breden & Jochen Vollmann - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (4):273-283.
    This article gives a brief introduction to the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Treatment (MacCAT-T) and critically examines its theoretical presuppositions. On the basis of empirical, methodological and ethical critique it is emphasised that the cognitive bias that underlies the MacCAT-T assessment needs to be modified. On the one hand it has to be admitted that the operationalisation of competence in terms of value-free categories, e.g. rational decision abilities, guarantees objectivity to a great extent; but on the other hand it bears severe (...)
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  14. Epistemic Trust in Science.Torsten Wilholt - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (2):233-253.
    Epistemic trust is crucial for science. This article aims to identify the kinds of assumptions that are involved in epistemic trust as it is required for the successful operation of science as a collective epistemic enterprise. The relevant kind of reliance should involve working from the assumption that the epistemic endeavors of others are appropriately geared towards the truth, but the exact content of this assumption is more difficult to analyze than it might appear. The root of the problem is (...)
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  15. Bias and Values in Scientific Research.Torsten Wilholt - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (1):92-101.
    When interests and preferences of researchers or their sponsors cause bias in experimental design, data interpretation or dissemination of research results, we normally think of it as an epistemic shortcoming. But as a result of the debate on science and values, the idea that all extra-scientific influences on research could be singled out and separated from pure science is now widely believed to be an illusion. I argue that nonetheless, there are cases in which research is rightfully regarded as epistemologically (...)
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  16.  31
    Repetition Effects to Sounds: Evidence for Predictive Coding in the Auditory System.Torsten Baldeweg - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (3):93-94.
  17.  29
    History and Significance of Jakob von Uexküll and of His Institute in Hamburg.Torsten Rüting - 2004 - Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):35-71.
    This paper aims to give an insight into developments that contributed to the significance of the work of Jakob von Uexküll and stresses the importance of his occupation in Hamburg. A biographical survey pays tribute to the implication of the historical pretext and context. A scientific survey describes findings and ideas of Uexküll that proved important for the development of biology and the cognitive sciences. In addition, this paper sets out to reject the common notion that Uexküll’s concepts were ideas (...)
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  18.  17
    The Use of Recognition in Group Decision‐Making.Torsten Reimer & Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (6):1009-1029.
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  19.  35
    The New Demarcation Problem.Bennett Holman & Torsten Wilholt - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 91:211-220.
  20.  44
    The Introduction of Online Authentication as Part of the New Electronic National Identity Card in Germany.Torsten Noack & Herbert Kubicek - 2010 - Identity in the Information Society 3 (1):87-110.
    This chapter provides an analysis of the long process of introducing an electronic identity for online authentication in Germany. This process is described as a multi-facet innovation, involving actors from different policy fields shifting over time. The eID process started in the late ‘90s in the context of eGovernment and eCommerce with the legislation on e-signatures, which were supposed to allow for online authentication of citizens. When after 5 years it was recognized that this was not the case, a new (...)
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  21.  39
    The Mediating Effect of Ethical Climate on the Relationship Between Paternalistic Leadership and Team Identification: A Team-Level Analysis in the Chinese Context.Meng-Yu Cheng & Lei Wang - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 129 (3):639-654.
    The aim of this paper is to explore the role of ethical climate on the relationship between the paternalistic leadership and team identification at the team level. In contrast to the prior studies which tended to focus on ethical climate as a whole dimension, this paper further classified the domain of construct into the categories of egoism, benevolence, and principle using a sample from 143 teams in Mainland China and Taiwan. Hierarchical regression results showed that the average paternalistic leadership had (...)
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  22.  3
    What Time May Tell: An Exploratory Study of the Relationship Between Religiosity, Temporal Orientation, and Goals in Family Business.Torsten M. Pieper, Ralph I. Williams, Scott C. Manley & Lucy M. Matthews - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (4):759-773.
    To study how religiosity affects family business goals, we merge literatures on goal setting, temporal orientation, and family business to argue that family business goals can be distinguished into short-term and long-term orientations and propose that religiosity affects both orientations, but to varying degrees. Drawing on a sample of private U.S. family businesses and applying partial least squares structural equations modeling, we find tentative support that religiosity has a stronger positive effect on long-term goal orientation than on short-term goal orientation. (...)
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  23.  18
    Epistemic Interests and the Objectivity of Inquiry.Torsten Wilholt - 2022 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 91:86-93.
    This paper advocates for making epistemic interests a central object of philosophical analysis in epistemology and philosophy of science. It is argued that the importance of epistemic interests derives from their fundamental importance for the notion of objectivity. Epistemic interests are defined as individuated by a set of objectives, each of which represents a dimension of the search for truth. Among these dimensions, specificity, sensitivity, and productivity are discussed in detail. It is argued that the relevance of productivity is often (...)
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  24.  2
    What Time May Tell: An Exploratory Study of the Relationship Between Religiosity, Temporal Orientation, and Goals in Family Business.Torsten M. Pieper, Ralph I. Williams, Scott C. Manley & Lucy M. Matthews - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (4):759-773.
    To study how religiosity affects family business goals, we merge literatures on goal setting, temporal orientation, and family business to argue that family business goals can be distinguished into short-term and long-term orientations and propose that religiosity affects both orientations, but to varying degrees. Drawing on a sample of private U.S. family businesses and applying partial least squares structural equations modeling, we find tentative support that religiosity has a stronger positive effect on long-term goal orientation than on short-term goal orientation. (...)
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  25. Experiences Gained From Developing and Integrating an Expert System and a Modern Graphic Display System for a Swedish Nuclear Power Plant Control Room.Torsten Foreman & Jan-Erik Stenmark - 1991 - Ai 1991 Frontiers in Innovative Computing for the Nuclear Industry Topical Meeting, Jackson Lake, Wy, Sept. 15-18, 1991 1.
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  26.  1
    DNA Testing for Family Reunification and the Limits of Biological Truth.Torsten H. Voigt & Catherine Lee - 2020 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 45 (3):430-454.
    As nation-states make greater efforts to regulate the flow of people on the move—refugees, economic migrants, and international travelers alike—advocates of DNA profiling technologies claim DNA testing provides a reliable and objective way of revealing a person’s true identity for immigration procedures. This article examines the use of DNA testing for family reunification in immigration cases in Finland, Germany, and the United States—the first transatlantic analysis of such cases—to explore the relationship between technology, the meaning of family, and immigration. Drawing (...)
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  27.  57
    Design Rules: Industrial Research and Epistemic Merit.Torsten Wilholt - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (1):66-89.
    A common complaint against the increasing privatization of research is that research that is conducted with the immediate purpose of producing applicable knowledge will not yield knowledge as valuable as that generated in more curiosity‐driven, academic settings. In this paper, I make this concern precise and reconstruct the rationale behind it. Subsequently, I examine the case of industry research on the giant magnetoresistance effect in the 1990s as a characteristic example of research undertaken under considerable pressure to produce applicable results. (...)
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  28. Scientific Freedom: Its Grounds and Their Limitations.Torsten Wilholt - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (2):174-181.
    In various debates about science, appeal is made to the freedom of scientific research. A rationale in favor of this freedom is rarely offered. In this paper, two major arguments are reconstructed that promise to lend support to a principle of scientific freedom. According to the epistemological argument, freedom of research is required in order to organize the collective cognitive effort we call science efficiently. According to the political argument, scientific knowledge needs to be generated in ways that are independent (...)
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  29. Polis and Psyche.Torsten J. Andersson - 1971 - Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell (Distr.).
  30.  35
    Mencius.Ke Meng, Mencius & D. C. Lau - 2009 - Columbia University Press.
    Consequently, Mencius's impact was felt not only in the thought of the intellectual and social elite but also in the value and belief systems of all Chinese people.
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  31.  15
    Zur Bedeutung soziodemografischer, sportbezogener und soziokultureller Merkmale für die soziale Integration junger Migranten in Schweizer Sportvereinen.Torsten Schlesinger, Siegfried Nagel & Jenny Adler Zwahlen - 2019 - Sport Und Gesellschaft 16 (2):125-154.
    ZusammenfassungDieser Beitrag analysiert, basierend auf Essers vierdimensionalem Integrationskonzept, das Ausmaß der sozialen Integration von einheimischen und immigrierten Mitgliedern im Vereinssport. Dabei interessierte der Einfluss soziodemografischer, sportbezogener sowie soziokultureller Merkmale. Mitglieder der ersten Migrationsgeneration waren entlang dreier Integrationsdimensionen weniger stark integriert als einheimische und immigrierte Mitglieder der zweiten bzw. dritten Generation. Multiple Regressionsanalysen verdeutlichten, dass einige Merkmale signifikant mit den Integrationsdimensionen zusammenhängen und somit relevanter für die soziale Integration sind als andere.
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  32. MENGES, MATTHEW C., O. F. M. "The Concept of Univocity Regarding the Predication of God and Creature According to William Ockham". [REVIEW]Campbell Crockett - 1953 - Modern Schoolman 31:143.
     
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  33.  29
    Dynamics of a Nonautonomous Stochastic SIS Epidemic Model with Double Epidemic Hypothesis.Haokun Qi, Lidan Liu & Xinzhu Meng - 2017 - Complexity:1-14.
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  34.  7
    Torsten Wilholt: Die Freiheit der Forschung: Begrenzungen Und Begründungen.Matthias Neuber - 2013 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (2):397-399.
    Torsten Wilholt’s book on the freedom of research is a remarkable contribution to a long-standing debate over an issue which is becoming increasingly important today. As Wilholt points out in the preface, the topic ‘freedom of research’ has a twofold face: On the one hand, freedom of research is the presupposition of an engaged and unprejudiced search for knowledge; on the other hand, it implies the risk of borderless and ‘untamed’ research. In considering this contradiction, Wilholt makes recourse to (...)
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  35. Stonian P-Ortholattices: A New Approach to the Mereotopology RT 0.Torsten Hahmann, Michael Winter & Michael Gruninger - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence 173 (15):1424-1440.
  36.  30
    A New Standardized Emotional Film Database for Asian Culture.Yaling Deng, Meng Yang & Renlai Zhou - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  37.  16
    Torsten J. Andersson: Polis and Psyche: A Motif in Plato's Republic. Pp. 263. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1971. Paper. [REVIEW]H. J. Easterling - 1975 - The Classical Review 25 (2):313-313.
  38. Der lange Weg der Ekstase-eine Akkulturationsgeschichte in Beispielen.Torsten Allwardt - 2007 - In Hanns-Werner Heister (ed.), Mimetische Zeremonien: Musik Als Spiel, Ritual, Kunst. Weidler. pp. 7--13.
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  39. Foucault som tænker af teknologien.Torsten Andreasen - 2016 - Agora 34 (1):83-100.
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  40.  49
    The Ecological Rationality of Simple Group Heuristics: Effects of Group Member Strategies on Decision Accuracy.Torsten Reimer & Ulrich Hoffrage - 2006 - Theory and Decision 60 (4):403-438.
    The notion of ecological rationality implies that the accuracy of a decision strategy depends on features of the information environment in which it is tested. We demonstrate that the performance of a group may be strongly affected by the decision strategies used by its individual members and specify how this effect is moderated by environmental features. Specifically, in a set of simulation studies, we systematically compared four decision strategies used by the individual group members: two linear, compensatory decision strategies and (...)
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  41. Structure and Efficiency of the Judiciary System of the Federal Republic of Germany.Torsten Ehmcke - 2003 - Rechtstheorie 34 (1):123-143.
     
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  42. The Emotion Account of Blame.Leonhard Menges - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (1):257-273.
    For a long time the dominant view on the nature of blame was that to blame someone is to have an emotion toward her, such as anger, resentment or indignation in the case of blaming someone else and guilt in the case of self-blame. Even though this view is still widely held, it has recently come under heavy attack. The aim of this paper is to elaborate the idea that to blame is to have an emotion and to defend the (...)
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  43.  1
    Ethical Sensemaking in Impact Investing: Reasons and Motives in the Chinese Renewable Energy Sector.Tongyu Meng, Jamie Newth & Christine Woods - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-27.
    This article explores impact investing within the renewable energy sector. Drawing on ethical decision making and sensemaking, this article contributes to an enhanced understanding of the complex ethical sensemaking process of impact investors when facing plausible situations in a world of contested truths. Addressing the ethical tensions faced by impact investors with mixed motives, this study investigates the way decision makers use context-specific reasons to make sense of and shape the renewable energy investment process. This represents an initial attempt to (...)
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  44.  8
    Plateau Borders of Smectic Liquid Crystalline Films.Torsten Trittel, Ruth Aldred & Ralf Stannarius - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (18):2343-2354.
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  45. Ludwig Boltzmann's Mathematical Argument for Atomism.Torsten Wilholt - 2001 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 9:199-211.
    In recent years, the philosophy of Ludwig Boltzmann has become a point of interest within the field of history of philosophy of science. Attention has centred around Boltzmann’s philosophical considerations connected to his defense of atomism in physics. In analysing these considerations, several scholars have attributed a pragmatist stance to Boltzmann. In this paper, I want to argue that, whatever pragmatist traits may be found in Boltzmann’s diverse writings, his defense of atomism in physics can not be analysed this way. (...)
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  46. A Defense of Privacy as Control.Leonhard Menges - 2021 - The Journal of Ethics 25 (3):385-402.
    Even though the idea that privacy is some kind of control is often presented as the standard view on privacy, there are powerful objections against it. The aim of this paper is to defend the control account of privacy against some particularly pressing challenges by proposing a new way to understand the relevant kind of control. The main thesis is that privacy should be analyzed in terms of source control, a notion that is adopted from discussions about moral responsibility.
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  47.  20
    Der Stand der Ausbildung von Studierenden im Umgang mit Sterbenden und dem Tod an medizinischen Fakultäten in Deutschland: eine explorative Studie von 1994/95. [REVIEW]Torsten Grüttert & Wolfgang U. Eckart - 1998 - Ethik in der Medizin 10 (2):114-118.
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  48.  4
    Introduction: Aesthetics of Finance.Torsten Andreasen, Mikkel Krause Frantzen & Frederik Tygstrup - 2020 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 29 (60):4-9.
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  49.  4
    Note on Contributors.Torsten Andreasen - 2020 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 29 (60):183-185.
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  50.  26
    Torsten J. Andersson: Polis and Psyche: A Motif in Plato's Republic. (Studia Gr. Et Lat. Gothoburgensia, Xxx.) Pp. 263. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1971. Paper. [REVIEW]H. J. Easterling - 1975 - The Classical Review 25 (02):313-.
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