Results for 'Melissa E. Libertus'

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  1.  27
    Infants Discriminate Number: Evidence Against the Prerequisite of Visual Object Individuation and the Primacy of Continuous Magnitude.Melissa E. Libertus, Emily J. Braham & Ruizhe Liu - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  2.  5
    Deficits in Approximate Number System Acuity and Mathematical Abilities in 6.5-Year-Old Children Born Extremely Preterm.Melissa E. Libertus, Lea Forsman, Ulrika Adén & Kerstin Hellgren - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  3. A Rational Explanation for Links Between the ANS and Math.Melissa E. Libertus, Shirley Duong, Danielle Fox, Leanne Elliott, Rebecca McGregor, Andrew Ribner & Alex M. Silver - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    The proposal by Clarke and Beck offers a new explanation for the association between the approximate number system and math. Previous explanations have largely relied on developmental arguments, an underspecified notion of the ANS as an “error detection mechanism,” or affective factors. The proposal that the ANS represents rational numbers suggests that it may directly support a broader range of math skills.
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  4.  5
    Effects of Visual Training of Approximate Number Sense on Auditory Number Sense and School Math Ability.Melissa E. Libertus, Darko Odic, Lisa Feigenson & Justin Halberda - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  5.  9
    “What” Matters More Than “Why” – Neonatal Behaviors Initiate Social Responses.Klaus Libertus, Melissa E. Libertus, Christa Einspieler & Peter B. Marschik - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  6.  4
    The General Movement Assessment Helps Us to Identify Preterm Infants at Risk for Cognitive Dysfunction.Christa Einspieler, Arend F. Bos, Melissa E. Libertus & Peter B. Marschik - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  7. Numerical Estrangement and Integration Between Symbolic and Non-Symbolic Numerical Information: Task-Dependence and its Link to Math Abilities in Adults.Xueying Ren, Ruizhe Liu, Marc N. Coutanche, Julie A. Fiez & Melissa E. Libertus - 2022 - Cognition 224 (C):105067.
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  8. Editorial: Understanding Trajectories and Promoting Change From Early to Complex Skills in Typical and Atypical Development: A Cross-Population Approach.Alessandra Sansavini, Klaus Libertus, Annalisa Guarini, Melissa E. Libertus, Mariagrazia Benassi & Jana M. Iverson - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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  9.  22
    Using Hierarchical Linear Models to Examine Approximate Number System Acuity: The Role of Trial-Level and Participant-Level Characteristics.Emily J. Braham, Leanne Elliott & Melissa E. Libertus - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  10.  24
    Numerical Abstraction: It Ain't Broke.Jessica F. Cantlon, Sara Cordes, Melissa E. Libertus & Elizabeth M. Brannon - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):331-332.
    The dual-code proposal of number representation put forward by Cohen Kadosh & Walsh (CK&W) accounts for only a fraction of the many modes of numerical abstraction. Contrary to their proposal, robust data from human infants and nonhuman animals indicate that abstract numerical representations are psychologically primitive. Additionally, much of the behavioral and neural data cited to support CK&W's proposal is, in fact, neutral on the issue of numerical abstraction.
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  11.  11
    Solving the Single IRB/Boilerplate Bind: Establishing Institutional Guidelines.Melissa E. Abraham, Elizabeth Hohmann & Megan Morash - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (4):87-88.
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  12.  30
    “Modesty or Comelines”: The Predicament of Reform Theology in Spenser’s Amoretti and Epithalamion.Melissa E. Sanchez - 2012 - Renascence 65 (1):5-24.
    Drawing on sixteenth-century Protestant discourse on marriage and sexuality, this essay examines the anxieties permeating Spenser’s two poetical celebrations of his courtship and wedding with Elizabeth Boyle. Though the Reformers’ departure from Rome included an embrace of clerical marriage and an advocacy for the virtues of companionate marriage, revulsion at the sinfulness of sex remained. Through the sonnets of the Amoretti and the stanzas of the Epithalamion, an idea of mutual love is disrupted by a Protestant-tinged sense of innate and (...)
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  13.  8
    Leonard B. Meyer: On the Threshold of Musical Semiotics.Melissa E. Korte - 2002 - Semiotica 2002 (142).
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  14.  21
    Inhibitory Control May Not Explain the Link Between Approximation and Math Abilities in Kindergarteners From Middle Class Families.Leanne Keller & Melissa Libertus - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  15.  42
    Learning About Forest Futures Under Climate Change Through Transdisciplinary Collaboration Across Traditional and Western Knowledge Systems.Erica Smithwick, Christopher Caldwell, Alexander Klippel, Robert M. Scheller, Nancy Tuana, Rebecca Bliege Bird, Klaus Keller, Dennis Vickers, Melissa Lucash, Robert E. Nicholas, Stacey Olson, Kelsey L. Ruckert, Jared Oyler, Casey Helgeson & Jiawei Huang - 2019 - In Stephen G. Perz (ed.), Collaboration Across Boundaries for Social-Ecological Systems Science. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 153-184.
    We provide an overview of a transdisciplinary project about sustainable forest management under climate change. Our project is a partnership with members of the Menominee Nation, a Tribal Nation located in northern Wisconsin, United States. We use immersive virtual experiences, translated from ecosystem model outcomes, to elicit human values about future forest conditions under alternative scenarios. Our project combines expertise across the sciences and humanities as well as across cultures and knowledge systems. Our management structure, governance, and leadership behaviors have (...)
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  16.  22
    Fostering Creativity and Innovation Without Encouraging Unethical Behavior.Melissa S. Baucus, William I. Norton, David A. Baucus & Sherrie E. Human - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):97-115.
    Many prescriptions offered in the literature for enhancing creativity and innovation in organizations raise ethical concerns, yet creativity researchers rarely discuss ethics. We identify four categories of behavior proffered as a means for fostering creativity that raise serious ethical issues: breaking rules and standard operating procedures; challenging authority and avoiding tradition; creating conflict, competition and stress; and taking risks. We discuss each category, briefly identifying research supporting these prescriptions for fostering creativity and then we delve into ethical issues associated with (...)
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  17.  30
    A Democratic Case for Comparative Political Theory.Melissa S. Williams & Mark E. Warren - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (1):26-57.
    Globalization generates new structures of human interdependence and vulnerability while also posing challenges for models of democracy rooted in territorially bounded states. The diverse phenomena of globalization have stimulated two relatively new branches of political theory: theoretical accounts of the possibilities of democracy beyond the state; and comparative political theory, which aims at bringing non-Western political thought into conversation with the Western traditions that remain dominant in the political theory academy. This article links these two theoretical responses to globalization by (...)
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  18.  13
    Dissociation Between Magnitude Comparison and Relation Identification Across Different Formats for Rational Numbers.Maureen E. Gray, Melissa DeWolf, Miriam Bassok & Keith J. Holyoak - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 24 (2):179-197.
    The present study examined whether a dissociation among formats for rational numbers can be obtained in tasks that require comparing a number to a non-symbolic quantity. In Experiment 1, college students saw a discrete or else continuous image followed by a rational number, and had to decide which was numerically larger. In Experiment 2, participants saw the same displays but had to make a judgment about the type of ratio represented by the number. The magnitude task was performed more quickly (...)
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  19.  25
    Action Verbs Are Processed Differently in Metaphorical and Literal Sentences Depending on the Semantic Match of Visual Primes.Melissa Troyer, Lauren B. Curley, Luke E. Miller, Ayse P. Saygin & Benjamin K. Bergen - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  20. Fostering Creativity and Innovation Without Encouraging Unethical Behavior.Sherrie E. Human, David A. Baucus, William I. Norton & Melissa S. Baucus - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):97-115.
    Many prescriptions offered in the literature for enhancing creativity and innovation in organizations raise ethical concerns, yet creativity researchers rarely discuss ethics. We identify four categories of behavior proffered as a means for fostering creativity that raise serious ethical issues: breaking rules and standard operating procedures; challenging authority and avoiding tradition; creating conflict, competition and stress; and taking risks. We discuss each category, briefly identifying research supporting these prescriptions for fostering creativity and then we delve into ethical issues associated with (...)
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  21. Investigating the Role of Normative Support in Atheists’ Perceptions of Meaning Following Reminders of Death.Melissa Soenke, Kenneth E. Vail & Jeff Greenberg - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    According to terror management theory, humans rely on meaningful and permanence-promising cultural worldviews, like religion, to manage mortality concerns. Prior research indicates that, compared to religious individuals, atheists experience lower levels of meaning in life following reminders of death. The present study investigated whether reminders of death would change atheists’ meaning in life after exposure to normative support for atheism. Atheists were either reminded of death or a control topic and exposed to information portraying atheism as either common or rare, (...)
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  22.  11
    Adaptive Associations Between Social Cognition and Emotion Regulation Are Absent in Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder.Jesseca E. Rowland, Meelah K. Hamilton, Nicholas Vella, Bianca J. Lino, Philip B. Mitchell & Melissa J. Green - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  23.  2
    History of American Political Thought.John Agresto, John E. Alvis, Donald R. Brand, Paul O. Carrese, Laurence D. Cooper, Murray Dry, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Thomas S. Engeman, Christopher Flannery, Steven Forde, David Fott, David F. Forte, Matthew J. Franck, Bryan-Paul Frost, David Foster, Peter B. Josephson, Steven Kautz, John Koritansky, Peter Augustine Lawler, Howard L. Lubert, Harvey C. Mansfield, Jonathan Marks, Sean Mattie, James McClellan, Lucas E. Morel, Peter C. Meyers, Ronald J. Pestritto, Lance Robinson, Michael J. Rosano, Ralph A. Rossum, Richard S. Ruderman, Richard Samuelson, David Lewis Schaefer, Peter Schotten, Peter W. Schramm, Kimberly C. Shankman, James R. Stoner, Natalie Taylor, Aristide Tessitore, William Thomas, Daryl McGowan Tress, David Tucker, Eduardo A. Velásquez, Karl-Friedrich Walling, Bradley C. S. Watson, Melissa S. Williams, Delba Winthrop, Jean M. Yarbrough & Michael Zuckert - 2003 - Lexington Books.
    This book is a collection of secondary essays on America's most important philosophic thinkers—statesmen, judges, writers, educators, and activists—from the colonial period to the present. Each essay is a comprehensive introduction to the thought of a noted American on the fundamental meaning of the American regime.
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  24.  23
    Silvae 4.6 - (A.) Bonadeo (Ed., Trans.) L'Hercules Epitrapezios Novi Vindicis. Introduzione E Commento a Stat. Silv. 4.6. (Studi Latini 72.) Pp. 315. Naples: Loffredo Editore, 2010. Paper, €27. ISBN: 978-88-7564-404-8. [REVIEW]Melissa Haynes - 2012 - The Classical Review 62 (2):518-519.
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  25.  2
    Jorge Ortiz. Alquimia E Imagen.Melissa Aguilar Restrepo - 2018 - Co-herencia 15 (58):331-337.
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  26. OBO Foundry in 2021: Operationalizing Open Data Principles to Evaluate Ontologies.Rebecca C. Jackson, Nicolas Matentzoglu, James A. Overton, Randi Vita, James P. Balhoff, Pier Luigi Buttigieg, Seth Carbon, Melanie Courtot, Alexander D. Diehl, Damion Dooley, William Duncan, Nomi L. Harris, Melissa A. Haendel, Suzanna E. Lewis, Darren A. Natale, David Osumi-Sutherland, Alan Ruttenberg, Lynn M. Schriml, Barry Smith, Christian J. Stoeckert, Nicole A. Vasilevsky, Ramona L. Walls, Jie Zheng, Christopher J. Mungall & Bjoern Peters - 2021 - BioaRxiv.
    Biological ontologies are used to organize, curate, and interpret the vast quantities of data arising from biological experiments. While this works well when using a single ontology, integrating multiple ontologies can be problematic, as they are developed independently, which can lead to incompatibilities. The Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies Foundry was created to address this by facilitating the development, harmonization, application, and sharing of ontologies, guided by a set of overarching principles. One challenge in reaching these goals was that the (...)
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  27.  14
    Investigating How Implementation Intentions Improve Non-Focal Prospective Memory Tasks.Rebekah E. Smith, Melissa D. McConnell Rogers, Jennifer C. McVay, Joshua A. Lopez & Shayne Loft - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 27:213-230.
  28.  5
    SymposiumGreen’sJeffrey E.The Eyes of the People: Democracy in an Age of Spectatorship.Richard Avramenko & Melissa Schwartzberg - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (2):188-217.
  29. Nursing Ethics and Advanced Practice : Palliative and End of Life Care Across the Lifespan.M. Bond Stewart, E. Castle Jane, K. Uveges Melissa & J. Grace Pamela - 2023 - In Pamela June Grace & Melissa K. Uveges (eds.), Nursing Ethics and Professional Responsibility in Advanced Practice. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
     
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  30.  15
    The Change Probability Effect: Incidental Learning, Adaptability, and Shared Visual Working Memory Resources.Amanda E. van Lamsweerde & Melissa R. Beck - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1676-1689.
    Statistical properties in the visual environment can be used to improve performance on visual working memory tasks. The current study examined the ability to incidentally learn that a change is more likely to occur to a particular feature dimension and use this information to improve change detection performance for that dimension . Participants completed a change detection task in which one change type was more probable than others. Change probability effects were found for color and shape changes, but not location (...)
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  31. Teamsters and Turtles?: U.S. Progressive Political Movements in the 21st Century.Frank L. Davis, Melissa Haussman, Ronald Hayduk, Christine Kelly, Joel Lefkowitz, Immanuel Ness, Laura Katz Olson, David Pfeiffer, Meredith Reid Sarkees, Benjamin Shepard, James R. Simmons, Solon J. Simmons & Claude E. Welch (eds.) - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    After decades of single issue movements and identity politics on the U.S. left, the series of large demonstrations beginning in 1999 in Seattle have led many to wonder if activist politics can now come together around a common theme of global justice. This book pursues the prospects for progressive political movements in the 21st century with case studies of ten representative movements, including the anti-globalization forces, environmental interest groups, and new takes on the peace movement.
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  32.  46
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  33.  39
    Making the Ideal Real: Publicity and Morality in Kant.Melissa Zinkin - 2016 - Kantian Review 21 (2):237-259.
    This article discusses the concept of publicity in Kant’s moral philosophy. Insofar as the concepts of ‘public’ and ‘private’ can describe our relations with others, they can be considered to be moral concepts. I argue that we can find in Kant a moral duty not to keep our maxims of action private, or secret. Whereas Korsgaard argues that sometimes in the face of evil it is permissible to sidestep the moral law, I argue that it is rather through publicity that (...)
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  34.  4
    The “War on Drugs” Affects Children Too: Racial Inequities in Pediatric Populations.Aleksandra E. Olszewski, Tracy L. Seimears, Jessica E. McDade, Melissa Martos, Austin DeChalus, Anthony L. Bui, Emily Davis & Emily W. Kemper - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (4):49-51.
    Earp, Lewis, and Hart write about the racism entrenched in policies criminalizing drug use and possession and describe the disparate impact that these policies have on certain racialized com...
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  35.  5
    Amelia Bonea; Melissa Dickson; Sally Shuttleworth; Jennifer Wallis. Anxious Times: Medicine and Modernity in Nineteenth-Century Britain. (Science and Culture in the Nineteenth Century.) Vii + 312 Pp., Notes, Bibl., Index. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2019. $50 (Cloth). E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Sander L. Gilman - 2020 - Isis 111 (3):677-678.
  36.  27
    Politicus M. Migliori: Arte politica e metretica assiologica: Commentario storico-filosofico al 'Politico' di Platone . (Centro di Ricerche di Metafisica: Collana temi metafisici e problemi del pensiero antico. Studi e testi, 52.) Pp. 405. Milan: Vitae Pensiero, 1996. Paper, L. 39,000. ISBN: 88-343-0829-8. S. Rosen: Plato's Statesman: the Web of Politics . Pp. 208. New Haven, CT and London: Yale University Press, 1995. Cloth, $30 (Paper, $16). ISBN: 0-300-06264-. [REVIEW]Melissa Lane - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (01):111-.
  37.  35
    An Empirical Evaluation of the Effect of Peer and Managerial Ethical Behaviors and the Ethical Predispositions of Prospective Advertising Employees.Nancy K. Keith, Charles E. Pettijohn & Melissa S. Burnett - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 48 (3):251-265.
    An advertising firm''s ethical culture (as defined by the firm''s managerial and peer ethical behaviors) may affect the employees'' comfort levels and ethical behaviors. In this research, scenarios were used to describe advertising firms with various ethical cultures. Respondents'' perceived comfort levels in working for the firms described in the scenarios and the respondents'' behavioral intentions when faced with various advertising situations were assessed. Results of the study indicate that peer ethical behavior exerts a strong influence on the comfort or (...)
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  38. Kant on Enlightened Moral Pedagogy.Melissa Mcbay Merritt - 2011 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 49 (3):227-53.
    For Kant, the ideal of enlightenment is most fundamentally expressed as a self-developed soundness of judgment. But what does this mean when the judgment at issue is practical, i.e., concerns the good to be brought about through action? I argue that the moral context places special demands on the ideal of enlightenment. This is revealed through an interpretation of Kant’s prescription for moral pedagogy in the Critique of Practical Reason. The goal of the pedagogy is to cultivate the moral disposition, (...)
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  39.  11
    Guarded Optimism About Positive Examples - Rising Above Sweatshops: Innovative Approaches to Global Labor ChallengesLaura P. Hartman, Denis G. Arnold, and Richard E. Wokutch, Eds. Praeger Publishers, 2003. 440 Pages. [REVIEW]Chris Macdonald & Melissa Whellams - 2006 - Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (4):623-628.
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  40.  33
    Estratégias para criar no trabalho: proposição teórica e validação psicométrica de medida1.Melissa Machado de Moraes & Suzana Maria Valle Lima - 2009 - Paideia (Misc) 19 (44):367-377.
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  41.  43
    Rawls and Habermas on Religion in the Public Sphere.Melissa Yates - 2007 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (7):880-891.
    In recent essays, Jürgen Habermas endorses an account of political liberalism much like John Rawls'. Like Rawls, he argues that laws and public policies should be justified only in neutral terms, i.e. in terms of reasons that people holding conflicting world-views could accept. Habermas also, much like Rawls, distinguishes reasonable religious citizens, whose views should be included in public discourse, from unreasonable citizens in his expectation that religious citizens self-modernize. But in sharing these Rawlsian features, Habermas is vulnerable to some (...)
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  42.  20
    Raciocínio Moral E Uso Abusivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas Por Adolescentes.Rita Melissa Lepre & Raul Aragão Martins - 2009 - Paideia (Misc) 19 (42):39-45.
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  43.  41
    Rethinking the Moral Permissibility of Gamete Donation.Melissa Moschella - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (6):421-440.
    The dominant philosophical view of gamete donation as morally permissible rests on two premises: parental obligations are triggered primarily by playing a causal role in procreation, not by genetic ties, and those obligations are transferable—that is, they are obligations to make adequate provision for the child’s needs, not necessarily to raise the child oneself. Thus while gamete donors are indeed agent causes of the children that their donation helps to bring into existence, most think that donors’ obligations are discharged insofar (...)
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  44.  11
    Brief Quiet Ego Contemplation Reduces Oxidative Stress and Mind-Wandering.Heidi A. Wayment, Ann F. Collier, Melissa Birkett, Tinna Traustadóttir & Robert E. Till - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  45. The Ethics of Belief: Conservative Belief Management.Melissa Bergeron - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (1):67 – 78.
    Some hold that W.K. Clifford's arguments are inconsistent, appealing to the disvalue of likely consequences of nonevidential belief-formation, while also insisting that the consequences are irrelevant to the wrongness of so believing. My thesis is that Clifford's arguments are consistent; one simply needs to be clear on the role consequences play in the "Ethics of Belief" (and, for that matter, in William James's "The Will to Believe"). The consequences of particular episodes of nonevidential belief-formation are, as Clifford insists, irrelevant to (...)
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  46. Hyponarrativity and Context-Specific Limitations of the DSM-5.Şerife Tekin & Melissa Mosko - 2015 - Public Affairs Quarterly 29 (1).
    his article develops a set of recommendations for the psychiatric and medical community in the treatment of mental disorders in response to the recently published fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, that is, DSM-5. We focus primarily on the limitations of the DSM-5 in its individuation of Complicated Grief, which can be diagnosed as Major Depression under its new criteria, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). We argue that the hyponarrativity of the descriptions of these disorders (...)
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  47. Analysis in the Critique of Pure Reason.Melissa Mcbay Merritt - 2007 - Kantian Review 12 (1):61-89.
    The paper argues that existing interpretations of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason as an "analysis of experience" (e.g., those of Kitcher and Strawson) fail because they do not properly appreciate the method of the work. The author argues that the Critique provides an analysis of the faculty of reason, and counts as an analysis of experience only in a derivative sense.
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  48. Humor, Common Sense and the Future of Metaphysics in the Prolegomena.Melissa Merritt - 2021 - In Peter Thielke (ed.), Kant's Prolegomena: A Critical Guide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 9-26.
    Kant’s Prolegomena is a piece of philosophical advertising: it exists to convince the open-minded “future teacher” of metaphysics that the true critical philosophy — i.e., the Critique — provides the only viable solution to the problem of metaphysics (i.e. its failure to make any genuine progress). To be effective, a piece of advertising needs to know its audience. This chapter argues that Kant takes his reader to have some default sympathies for the common-sense challenge to metaphysics originating from Thomas Reid (...)
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  49.  30
    Treatment Needs in Hiv Prevention Trials: Using Beneficence to Clarify Sponsor-Investigator Responsibilities.Melissa Stobie & Catherine Slack - 2010 - Developing World Bioethics 10 (3):150-157.
    Some participants will get HIV-infected in HIV prevention trials, despite risk reduction measures. The subsequent treatment responsibilities of sponsor-investigators have been widely debated, especially where access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is not available. In this paper, we explore two accounts of beneficence to establish whether they can shed light on sponsor-investigator responsibilities. We find the notion of general beneficence helpful insofar as it clarifies that some beneficent actions will be obligatory where they can be dispensed without scuppering the trial. We (...)
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  50. Something-We-Know-Not-What, Something-We-Know-Not-Why: Berkeley, Meaning and Minds.Melissa Frankel - 2009 - Philosophia 37 (3):381-402.
    It is sometimes suggested that Berkeley adheres to an empirical criterion of meaning, on which a term is meaningful just in case it signifies an idea (i.e., an immediate object of perceptual experience). This criterion is thought to underlie his rejection of the term ‘matter’ as meaningless. As is well known, Berkeley thinks that it is impossible to perceive matter. If one cannot perceive matter, then, per Berkeley, one can have no idea of it; if one can have no idea (...)
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