Results for 'Melinda Solomon'

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  1.  32
    How Do Young People with Cystic Fibrosis Conceptualize the Distinction Between Research and Treatment? A Qualitative Interview Study.Jennifer A. Dobson, Emily Christofides, Melinda Solomon, Valerie Waters & Kieran O’Doherty - 2015 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 6 (4):1-11.
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  2. The Autobiography of Solomon Maimon.Solomon Maimon, Yitzhak Melamed & Abraham Socher - 2018 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  3.  10
    Solomon on The Passions.L. Nathan Oaklander, Richard Gull & Robert Solomon - 1978 - Noûs 12 (1):78-81.
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  4. The Bioethics of Enhancement: Transhumanism, Disability, and Biopolitics.Melinda Hall - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    In a critical intervention into the bioethics debate over human enhancement, philosopher Melinda Hall tackles the claim that the expansion and development of human capacities is a moral obligation. Hall draws on French philosopher Michel Foucault to reveal and challenge the ways disability is central to the conversation. The Bioethics of Enhancement includes a close reading and analysis of the last century of enhancement thinking and contemporary transhumanist thinkers, the strongest promoters of the obligation to pursue enhancement technology. With (...)
  5.  7
    Solomonic Judgements: Studies in the Limitation of Rationality.Jon Elster - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    A collection of essays on rationality - its scope, its limitations and its failures.
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  6.  21
    Scientific Autonomy, Public Accountability, and the Rise of “Peer Review” in the Cold War United States.Melinda Baldwin - 2018 - Isis 109 (3):538-558.
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  7.  14
    A common axiom set for classical and intuitionistic plane geometry.Melinda Lombard & Richard Vesley - 1998 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 95 (1-3):229-255.
    We describe a first order axiom set which yields the classical first order Euclidean geometry of Tarski when used with classical logic, and yields an intuitionistic Euclidean geometry when used with intuitionistic logic. The first order language has a single six place atomic predicate and no function symbols. The intuitionistic system has a computational interpretation in recursive function theory, that is, a realizability interpretation analogous to those given by Kleene for intuitionistic arithmetic and analysis. This interpretation shows the unprovability in (...)
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  8.  10
    The business of being an editor: Norman Lockyer, Macmillan and Company, and the editorship of Nature, 1869–1919.Melinda Baldwin - 2020 - Centaurus 62 (1):111-124.
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  9.  69
    Mature Minors Should Have the Right to Refuse Life-Sustaining Medical Treatment.Melinda T. Derish & Kathleen Vanden Heuvel - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (2):109-124.
    Imagine that you are a teenager and have cancer. You undergo a year of chemotherapy and after a brief return to normal life, you have a relapse. Your physician says that chemotherapy and radiation therapy could be tried, but a bone marrow transplant is your only chance of a real cure. He tells you and your parents that you could die as a result of complications from the transplant, but without it you would only be expected to live one year. (...)
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  10.  97
    The Virtues of a Passionate Life: Erotic Love and “the Will to Power”*: ROBERT C. SOLOMON.Robert C. Solomon - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (1):91-118.
    I would like to defend a conception of life that many of us in philosophy practice but few of us preach, and with it a set of virtues that have often been ignored in ethics. In short, I would like to defend what philosopher Sam Keen, among many others, has called the passionate life. It is neither exotic nor unfamiliar. It is a life defined by emotions, by impassioned engagement and belief, by one or more quests, grand projects, embracing affections. (...)
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  11.  37
    Part-Human Animal Research: The Imperative to Move Beyond a Philosophical Debate.Melinda Abelman, P. Pearl O'Rourke & Kai C. Sonntag - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (9):26-28.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 9, Page 26-28, September 2012.
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  12.  9
    Child Versus Childmaker: Future Persons and Present Duties in Ethics and the Law.Melinda A. Roberts - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Child Versus Childmaker investigates a "person-affecting" approach to ethical choice. A form of consequentialism, this approach is intended to capture the idea that agents ought both do the most good that they can and respect each person as distinct from each other. Focusing on cases in which a conflict of interest arises between "childmakers"—parents, infertility specialists, embryologists, and others engaged in the task of bringing new people into existence—and the children they aim to create, the author considers what we today (...)
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  13. Applying Marx to the Issue of Immigration.Melinda Lo - 2006 - Sociological Theory 34 (9).
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  14.  16
    Melinda Cooper; Catherine Waldby. Clinical Labor: Tissue Donors and Research Subjects in the Global Bioeconomy. ix + 279 pp., bibl., index. Durham, N.C./London: Duke University Press, 2014. $24.95. [REVIEW]Heather Edelblute - 2016 - Isis 107 (1):211-212.
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  15.  22
    Rufus of Ephesus and the Patient's Perspective in Medicine.Melinda Letts - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (5):996-1020.
    Rufus of Ephesus's treatise Quaestiones Medicinales is unique in the known corpus of ancient medical writing. It has been taken for a procedural handbook serving an essentially operational purpose. But with its insistent message that doctors cannot properly understand and treat illnesses unless they supplement their own knowledge by questioning patients, and its distinct appreciation of the singularity of each patient's experience, Rufus's work shows itself to be no mere handbook but a treatise about the place of questioning in the (...)
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  16.  4
    King Solomon's Ring.Konrad Lorenz - 2002 - Routledge.
    Solomon, the legend goes, had a magic ring which enabled him to speak to the animals in their own language. Konrad Lorenz was gifted with a similar power of understanding the animal world. He was that rare beast, a brilliant scientist who could write beautifully. He did more than any other person to establish and popularize the study of how animals behave, receiving a Nobel Prize for his work. King Solomon's Ring , the book which brought him worldwide (...)
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  17.  29
    Mature Minors Should Have the Right to Refuse Life-Sustaining Medical Treatment.Melinda T. Derish & Kathleen Vanden Heuvel - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (2):109-124.
    Imagine that you are a teenager and have cancer. You undergo a year of chemotherapy and after a brief return to normal life, you have a relapse. Your physician says that chemotherapy and radiation therapy could be tried, but a bone marrow transplant is your only chance of a real cure. He tells you and your parents that you could die as a result of complications from the transplant, but without it you would only be expected to live one year. (...)
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  18. An Asymmetry in the Ethics of Procreation.Melinda A. Roberts - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (11):765-776.
    According to the Asymmetry, it is wrong to bring a miserable child into existence but permissible not to bring a happy child into existence. When it comes to procreation, we don’t have complete procreative liberty. But we do have some discretion. The Asymmetry seems highly intuitive. But a plausible account of the Asymmetry has been surprisingly difficult to provide, and it may well be that most moral philosophers – or at least most consequentialists – think that all reasonable efforts to (...)
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  19. The Asymmetry: A Solution.Melinda A. Roberts - 2011 - Theoria 77 (4):333-367.
    The Asymmetry consists of two claims. (A) That a possible person's life would be abjectly miserable –less than worth living – counts against bringing that person into existence. But (B) that a distinct possible person's life would be worth living or even well worth living does not count in favour of bringing that person into existence. In recent years, the view that the two halves of the Asymmetry are jointly untenable has become increasingly entrenched. If we say all persons matter (...)
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  20.  11
    Supernumerary Pregnancies, the Harm Issue and the Limits of Constitutional Privacy.Melinda A. Roberts - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30 (9999):105-117.
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  21.  10
    Unfolding the Layers of Mind and World: Wellner’s Posthuman Digital Imagination.Melinda Campbell - 2022 - Foundations of Science 27 (4):1371-1380.
    Galit Wellner’s exploration of new kinds of digital technologies employing AI algorithms that simulate features and functions of the human imagination leads her to propose a conceptual analysis of the imagination as a composite of perception and memory. Wellner poses the question of whether the output of such technological applications might be regarded as not merely simulating creative activity but as truly imaginative in their own right. Wellner concludes with a qualified “no.” The use of AI algorithms in conjunction with (...)
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  22.  69
    The PSDA and treatment refusal by a depressed older patient committed to the state mental hospital.Melinda A. Lee, Linda Ganzini & Ronald Heintz - 1993 - HEC Forum 5 (5):289-301.
    Since 1991, the Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) has required all health care institutions that receive Federal funds to inform patients upon admission of their rights to make decisions about medical care and to execute advance directives. Implementation of the PSDA presents a special challenge for state mental hospitals. The relevance and possible negative therapeutic impact of discussing end of life decisions at the time of an acute psychiatric admission has recently been raised in the literature. Other ethical dilemmas arising from (...)
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  23. Modulation of Cross-Language Activation During Bilingual Auditory Word Recognition: Effects of Language Experience but Not Competing Background Noise.Melinda Fricke - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Previous research has shown that as the level of background noise increases, auditory word recognition performance drops off more rapidly for bilinguals than monolinguals. This disproportionate bilingual deficit has often been attributed to a presumed increase in cross-language activation in noise, although no studies have specifically tested for such an increase. We propose two distinct mechanisms by which background noise could cause an increase in cross-language activation: a phonetically based account and an executive function-based account. We explore the evidence for (...)
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  24. Responsibility versus defensiveness: Inclusion of ethnicity in the conceptualization of theory.Melinda A. Garc - 1995 - Ethics and Behavior 5 (4):373 – 375.
     
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  25.  28
    Signal transduction in bacterial chemotaxis.Melinda D. Baker, Peter M. Wolanin & Jeffry B. Stock - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (1):9-22.
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  26. Can it ever be better never to have existed at all? Person-based consequentialism and a new repugnant conclusion.Melinda A. Roberts - 2003 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (2):159–185.
  27.  19
    Do patients' treatment decisions match advance statements of their preferences?Melinda A. Lee, D. M. Smith, D. S. Fenn & L. Ganzini - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (3):258.
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  28. The nonidentity problem.Melinda Roberts - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  29.  36
    Ethical issues in a study of internet use: Uncertainty, responsibility, and the spirit of research relationships.Melinda C. Bier, Stephen A. Sherblom & Michael A. Gallo - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (2):141 – 151.
    In this article we explore ethical issues arising in a study of home Internet use by low-income families. We consider questions of our responsibility as educational researchers and discuss the ethical implications of some unanticipated consequences of our study. We illustrate ways in which the principles of research ethics for use of human subjects can be ambiguous and possibly inadequate for anticipating potential harm in educational research. In this exploratory research of personal communication technologies, participants experienced changes that were personal (...)
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  30.  14
    Responsibility versus defensiveness: Inclusion of ethnicity in the conceptualization of theory.Melinda A. García - 1995 - Ethics and Behavior 5 (4):373 – 375.
    (1995). Responsibility Versus Defensiveness: Inclusion of Ethnicity in the Conceptualization of Theory. Ethics & Behavior: Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 373-375.
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  31. A first look at the pornography/civil rights ordinance: Could pornography be the subordination of women?Melinda Vadas - 1987 - Journal of Philosophy 84 (9):487-511.
  32. The Non-Identity Fallacy: Harm, Probability and Another Look at Parfit’s Depletion Example.Melinda A. Roberts - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (3):267-311.
    The non-identity problem is really a collection of problems having distinct logical features. For that reason, non-identity problems can be typed. This article focuses on just one type of non-identity problem, the problem, which includes Derek Parfit's depletion example and many others. The can't-expect-better problem uses an assessment about the low probability of any particular person's coming into existence to reason that an earlier wrong act does not harm that person. This article argues that that line of reasoning is unusually (...)
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  33.  49
    Solomon’s Argument on Hidden Variables in Quantum Theory.M. A. B. Whitaker - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (6):989-997.
    J. Solomon [Journal de Physique 4, 34 (1933)] produced an argument of great generality claiming to demonstrate the impossibility of hidden variables in quantum theory, an argument which M. Jammer [The Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics(Wiley, New York, 1974)] said raised a number of questions. For the first time, this argument is discussed, a simple hidden variable model violating the argument is analysed in detail, and the error in the proof is located.
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  34. Abortion and the Moral Significance of Merely Possible Persons.Melinda A. Roberts - 2010 - Springer.
  35.  3
    The Gentle, Jealous God: Reading Euripides’ Bacchae in English by Simon Perris.Melinda Powers - 2017 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 110 (3):426-427.
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  36. Solomon's empirical/non-empirical distinction and the proper place of values in science.Sharyn Clough - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (3):pp. 265-279.
    In assessing the appropriateness of a scientific community's research effort, Solomon considers a number of "decision vectors," divided into the empirical and non-empirical. Value judgments get sorted as non-empirical vectors. By way of contrast, I introduce Anderson's discussion of the evidential role of value judgments. Like Anderson, I argue that value judgments are empirical in the relevant sense. I argue further that Solomon's decision matrix needs to be reconceptualized: the distinction should not be between the empirical vs. non-empirical, (...)
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  37.  7
    Evolutionary Views of Tuberculosis: Indoleamine 2,3‐Dioxygenase Catalyzed Nicotinamide Synthesis Reflects Shifts in Macrophage Metabolism. [REVIEW]Melinda S. Suchard, Clement G. Adu-Gyamfi, Bridgette M. Cumming & Dana M. Savulescu - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (5):1900220.
    Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is the rate-limiting enzyme in conversion of tryptophan to kynurenines, feeding de novo nicotinamide synthesis. IDO orchestrates materno-foetal tolerance, increasing human reproductive fitness. IDO mediates immune suppression through depletion of tryptophan required by T lymphocytes and other mechanisms. IDO is expressed by alternatively activated macrophages, suspected to play a key role in tuberculosis (TB) pathogenesis. Unlike its human host, Mycobacterium tuberculosis can synthesize tryptophan, suggesting possible benefit to the host from infection with the microbe. Intriguingly, nicotinamide analogues (...)
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  38.  94
    Book Review: Leviticus and Numbers. [REVIEW]Melinda Thompson - 2010 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 64 (2):199-199.
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  39.  14
    Melinda Baldwin. Making “Nature”: The History of a Scientific Journal. vii + 309 pp., figs., bibl., index. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2015. $45. [REVIEW]Imogen Clarke - 2016 - Isis 107 (3):663-664.
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  40. Solomon Maimon: Monism, Skepticism, and Mathematics.Meir Buzaglo - 2002 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    The philosophy of Solomon Maimon is usually considered an important link between Kant’s transcendental philosophy and German idealism. Highly praised during his lifetime, over the past two centuries Maimon’s genius has been poorly understood and often ignored. Meir Buzaglo offers a reconstruction of Maimon’s philosophy, revealing that its true nature becomes apparent only when viewed in light of his philosophy of mathematics. This provides the key to understanding Maimon’s solution to Kant’s _quid juris_ question concerning the connection between intuition (...)
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  41.  92
    The implicit dualism in eliminative materialism: What the Churchlands aren't telling you.Melinda J. Muse - 1997 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):56-66.
    Argues that materialism, specifically eliminative materialism, is dependent on the immaterial language and immaterial experiential realm for its meaning. The mind/body dualism has been a bane to psychology. Eliminative Materialists eliminate the immaterial mind from study, thereby rejecting the dualism. However, in assuming biology reveals everything about human experience, eliminative materialists are faced with a presupposed dualism: biological language, which is supposed to replace any psychological language, is necessarily correlated with and dependent upon meaning in the psychological language. Further, the (...)
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  42.  52
    The nonidentity problem and the two envelope problem: When is one act better for a person than another?Melinda A. Roberts - 2009 - In David Wasserman & Melinda Roberts (eds.), Harming Future Persons. Springer. pp. 201--228.
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  43.  32
    Robert Solomon: True to Our Feelings. [REVIEW]Tom Cochrane - 2007 - Metapsychology Online Reviews 11.
    I review Robert Solomon's last book. He reiterates much of his appraisal theory, but also adds the idea that emotions are strategies.
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  44. Is the Person-Affecting Intuition Paradoxical?Melinda A. Roberts - 2003 - Theory and Decision 55 (1):1-44.
    This article critically examines some of the inconsistency objections that have been put forward by John Broome, Larry Temkin and others against the so-called "person-affecting," or "person-based," restriction in normative ethics, including "extra people" problems and a version of the nonidentity problem from Kavka and Parfit. Certain Pareto principles and a version of the "mere addition paradox" are discussed along the way. The inconsistencies at issue can be avoided, it is argued, by situating the person-affecting intuition within a non-additive form (...)
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  45. Mutual Images: Reflections of Kant in Deleuze's Transcendental Cinema of Time.Melinda Szaloky - 2009 - In David Norman Rodowick (ed.), Afterimages of Gilles Deleuze's Film Philosophy. University of Minnesota Press.
  46.  61
    Affective and nonaffective desire.Melinda Vadas - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (December):273-80.
  47. The manufacture-for-use of pornography and women's inequality.Melinda Vadas - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (2):174–193.
  48.  22
    The Meaning of Home to Elderly Women.Melinda M. Swenson - 1989 - Semiotics:109-114.
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  49.  9
    From reproductive work to regenerative labour: The female body and the stem cell industries.Melinda Cooper & Catherine Waldby - 2010 - Feminist Theory 11 (1):3-22.
    The identification and valorization of unacknowledged, feminized forms of economic productivity has been an important task for feminist theory. In this article, we expand and rethink existing definitions of labour, in order to recognize the essential economic role women play in the stem cell and regenerative medicine industries, new fields of biomedical research that are rapidly expanding throughout the world. Women constitute the primary tissue donors in the new stem cell industries, which require high volumes of human embryos, oöcytes, foetal (...)
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  50.  80
    Reply to Patrick Hopkins.Melinda Vadas - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (2):159 - 161.
    Patrick Hopkins has claimed that SM is compatible with feminist principles. I argue that his account relies on both mistaken analogies and an untenable account of the allegedly changed meaning of SM scenes.
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