Results for 'Meir Statman'

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  1.  97
    Do Corporations Invest Enough in Environmental Responsibility?Yongtae Kim & Meir Statman - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (1):115-129.
    Proponents of corporate environmental responsibility argue that corporations shortchange shareholders by investing too little in environmental responsibility. They claim that corporations can improve their financial performance by increasing their investment in environmental responsibility. Opponents of corporate social responsibility argue that corporations shortchange shareholders by investing too much in environmental responsibility. They claim that corporations can improve their financial performance by reducing their investment in environmental responsibility. Yet, others claim that corporations serve their shareholders well by investing just enough in social (...)
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  2.  63
    The Cultures of Insider Trading.Meir Statman - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S1):51 - 58.
    Paul Bond is a lawyer who overheard two other lawyers at his office discussing the proposed purchase of a company by one of their clients. He proceeds to buy shares of this company. Would you rate Bond's behavior completely fair, acceptable, unfair, or very unfair? I posed this vignette to samples of university students in China, Taiwan, and the U. S. Most students in the U. S. and Taiwan samples rated Bond's behavior unfair or very unfair while most students in (...)
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  3. Moral and epistemic luck.Daniel Statman - 1991 - Ratio 4 (2):146-156.
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  4.  7
    Moral Dilemmas.Daniel Statman - 1995 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Moral dilemmas set a challenge for ethical theory. They are situations where agents seem to be under an obligation both to do, and to refrain from doing, a specific act. Are such situations possible? What is their exact nature? These are the questions that _Moral Dilemmas_ tries to answer. The book argues that moral theories should not allow for the possibility of irresolvable dilemmas, for situations in which no right answer exists. To this end, arguments seeking to prove the existence (...)
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  5. Possible worlds in the modal interpretation.Meir Hemmo - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):337.
    An outline for a modal interpretation in terms of possible worlds is presented. The so-called Schmidt histories are taken to correspond to the physically possible worlds. The decoherence function defined in the histories formulation of quantum theory is taken to prescribe a non-classical probability measure over the set of the possible worlds. This is shown to yield dynamics in the form of transition probabilities for occurrent events in each world. The role of the consistency condition is discussed.
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  6.  41
    The Logic of Concept Expansion.Meir Buzaglo - 2001 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    The operation of developing a concept is a common procedure in mathematics and in natural science, but has traditionally seemed much less possible to philosophers and, especially, logicians. Meir Buzaglo's innovative study proposes a way of expanding logic to include the stretching of concepts, while modifying the principles which block this possibility. He offers stimulating discussions of the idea of conceptual expansion as a normative process, and of the relation of conceptual expansion to truth, meaning, reference, ontology and paradox, (...)
  7.  7
    Et asher baḥarti: hashḳafot shonot ʻal ha-ḥayim, ʻal emunot datiyot ṿe-ʻal ha-madaʻ ʻal pi hoge deʻot be-khol ha-zemanim.Meir Eshkol (ed.) - 2008 - [Tel Aviv]: [Meʼir Eshkol]..
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  8.  7
    Milim, Milim, Milim: Leḳeṭ Raʻayonot Filosofiyim Bi-Merutsat Ha-Dorot.Meir Eshkol - 2006 - MeʼIr Eshkol.
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  9.  16
    Possible Worlds in the Modal Interpretation.Meir Hemmo - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (5):S330-S337.
    An outline for a modal interpretation in terms of possible worlds is presented. The so-called Schmidt histories are taken to correspond to the physically possible worlds. The decoherence function defined in the histories formulation of quantum theory is taken to prescribe a non-classical probability measure over the set of the possible worlds. This is shown to yield dynamics in the form of transition probabilities for occurrent events in each world. The role of the consistency condition is discussed.
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  10. Sefer Or ha-yashar: zeh ha-shaʻar le-H.... u-vo nikhlal Sefer "Or tsadiḳim"..Meir ben Judah Loeb Poppers - 1980 - Yerushalayim: Ḥ.Y. Ṿaldman. Edited by Ḥayim Yosef Ṿaldman, Tsevi Hirsh ben Ḥayim Ḥazan & Meir ben Judah Loeb Poppers.
     
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  11.  47
    The debate over the so-called reality of moral dilemmas.Daniel Statman - 1990 - Philosophical Papers 19 (3):191-211.
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  12.  29
    Rejecting the Objectification Hypothesis.Daniel Statman - 2024 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 15 (1):113-130.
    The last decade or so has witnessed a wave of empirical studies purporting to show that men’s sexual focus on the female body leads to increased hostility and aggression against women. According to what I call “The Objectification Hypothesis”, the explanation for this phenomenon has to do with the fact that, in such circumstances, men “objectify” women, that is, regard them as mere objects or as means only. The paper rejects this hypothesis and offers an alternative explanation for the connection (...)
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  13. Why the Many-Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics needs more than Hilbert space structure.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2020 - In Rik Peels, Jeroen de Ridder & René van Woudenberg (eds.), Scientific Challenges to Common Sense Philosophy. New York: Routledge. pp. 61-70.
    McQueen and Vaidman argue that the Many Worlds Interpretation (MWI) of quantum mechanics provides local causal explanations of the outcomes of experiments in our experience that is due to the total effect of all the worlds together. We show that although the explanation is local in one world, it requires a causal influence that travels across different worlds. We further argue that in the MWI the local nature of our experience is not derivable from the Hilbert space structure, but has (...)
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  14.  81
    Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader.Daniel Statman (ed.) - 1997 - Edinburgh University Press.
    The central question in contemporary ethics is whether virtue can replace duty as the primary notion in ethical theory. The subject of intense contemporary debate in ethical theory, virtue ethics is currently enjoying an increase in interest. This is the first book to focus directly on the subject. It provides a clear, systematic introduction to the area and houses under one cover a collection of the central articles published on the debate over the past decade. The essays encompass a wide (...)
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  15.  27
    Collective behavior in globally coupled systems.Meir Griniasty, Vincent Hakim & Wouter-Jan Rappel - 1995 - In R. J. Russell, N. Murphy & A. R. Peacocke (eds.), Chaos and Complexity. Vatican Observatory Publications. pp. 221.
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  16. Tenufat ha-ʻomer: ʻavodat ha-midot lefi ha-sefirot = Omer movement: ethics by sphere.Meir Gueta - 2019 - Yerushalayim: Dabri shir.
     
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  17.  28
    On the Complexity of Alpha Conversion.Rick Statman - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (4):1197 - 1203.
    We consider three problems concerning alpha conversion of closed terms (combinators). (1) Given a combinator M find the an alpha convert of M with a smallest number of distinct variables. (2) Given two alpha convertible combinators M and N find a shortest alpha conversion of M to N. (3) Given two alpha convertible combinators M and N find an alpha conversion of M to N which uses the smallest number of variables possible along the way. We obtain the following results. (...)
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  18. Ortodoḳsyah humanit: maḥshevet ha-halakhah shel ha-rav prof. Eliʻezer Berḳovits = Orthodox Judaism - the human dimension: the Halakhic philosophy of Rabbi Prop. Eliezer Berkovits.Meir Roth - 2013 - Tel Aviv: ha-Ḳibuts ha-meʼuḥad.
     
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  19.  49
    Why Functionalism Is a Form of ‘Token-Dualism’.Meir Hemmo & Orly R. Shenker - unknown
    We present a novel reductive theory of type-identity physicalism, which is inspired by the foundations of statistical mechanics as a general theory of natural kinds. We show that all the claims mounted against type-identity physicalism in the literature don’t apply to Flat Physicalism, and moreover that this reductive theory solves many of the problems faced by the various non-reductive approaches including functionalism. In particular, we show that Flat Physicalism can account for the appearance of multiple realizability in the special sciences, (...)
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  20.  35
    On forgiveness.Meirlys Lewis - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (120):236-245.
  21.  60
    The Challenge of Wealth.Meir Tamari - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):45-56.
    Jewish business ethics in Israel addresses two major sources of economic immorality—unbounded desire and fear of economic uncertainty—through enforcement and spiritual education. Business is seen as a path to sanctity, when time is set apart for religious study, wealth is seen as originating from God, the vulnerable are protected against fraud and theft, charity is seen as an obligation, and mercy towards debtors is tempered by justice.
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  22. Measures over initial conditions.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2012 - In Yemima Ben-Menahem & Meir Hemmo (eds.), Probability in Physics. Springer. pp. 87--98.
    This paper concerns the meaning of the idea of typicality in classical statistical mechanics and how typicality is related to the notion of probability.
     
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  23.  9
    The Quantum Mechanics of Minds and Worlds.Meir Hemmo - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (3):541-553.
  24.  14
    Solving functional equations at higher types: some examples and some theorems.Richard Statman - 1986 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (1):66-74.
  25.  17
    Solution to a problem of Chang and Lee.Richard Statman - 1980 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 21 (3):518-520.
  26.  56
    Why disregarding hypocritical blame is appropriate.Daniel Statman - 2023 - Ratio 36 (1):32-40.
    The topic of standing to blame has recently received a lot of attention. Until now, however, it has focused mainly on the blamer's perspective, investigating what it means to say of blamers that they lose standing to blame and why it is that they lose this standing under specified conditions. The present paper focuses on the perspective of the blamees and tries to explain why they are allowed to disregard standingless, more specifically hypocritical, blame. According to the solution proposed by (...)
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  27.  7
    On the design of coordination diagnosis algorithms for teams of situated agents.Meir Kalech & Gal A. Kaminka - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence 171 (8-9):491-513.
  28.  13
    Solomon Maimon: Monism, Skepticism, and Mathematics.Meir Buzaglo - 2002 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    The philosophy of Solomon Maimon is usually considered an important link between Kant’s transcendental philosophy and German idealism. Highly praised during his lifetime, over the past two centuries Maimon’s genius has been poorly understood and often ignored. Meir Buzaglo offers a reconstruction of Maimon’s philosophy, revealing that its true nature becomes apparent only when viewed in light of his philosophy of mathematics. This provides the key to understanding Maimon’s solution to Kant’s _quid juris_ question concerning the connection between intuition (...)
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  29.  60
    On the Success Condition for Legitimate Self‐Defense.Daniel Statman - 2008 - Ethics 118 (4):659-686.
    The paper discusses a neglected condition for justified self-defense, namely, 'The Success Condition [SC].' According to SC, otherwise immoral acts can be justified under the right to self-defense only if they actually achieve the intended defense from the perceived threat. If they don't, they are almost always excused, but not morally justified. I show that SC leads to a troubling puzzle because victims who estimate they cannot prevent the attack against them would be morally required to surrender. I try to (...)
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  30. Moral Luck.Daniel Statman (ed.) - 1993 - SUNY Press.
    Some luck, in a decision of Gauguin's kind, is extrinsic to his project, some intrinsic; both are necessary for success, and hence for actual justification, but only the latter relates to un- justification. If we now broaden the range of cases slightly, ...
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  31.  23
    A Dilemma for Davidson’s Anomalous Monism.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - unknown
    Is freedom compatible with determinism? Davidson famously rephrased this question by replacing “freedom” with “anomaly of the mental”, that is, failure to fall under a law. In order to prove that the anomaly of the mental is compatible with other conjectures he makes, in particular that: there is psycho-physical causation; “where there is causality, there must be a law” ; and the mental supervenes on the physical, Davidson proposed a model, that came to be known as anomalous monism. Accepting all (...)
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  32. Flat Physicalism.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2021 - Theoria 88 (4):743-764.
    This paper describes a version of type identity physicalism, which we call Flat Physicalism, and shows how it meets several objections often raised against identity theories. This identity theory is informed by recent results in the conceptual foundations of physics, and in particular clar- ifies the notion of ‘physical kinds’ in light of a conceptual analysis of the paradigmatic case of reducing thermody- namics to statistical mechanics. We show how Flat Physi- calism is compatible with the appearance of multiple realisation (...)
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  33.  19
    Does the Pandemic Affect Inequality Within Families?: The Case of Dual-Earner Couples in Israel.Meir Yaish, Tali Kristal & Efrat Herzberg-Druker - 2022 - Gender and Society 36 (6):895-921.
    This article exploits the unique consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak to examine whether time constraints drive the unequal division of unpaid labor between dual-earner couples in Israel. Using the first wave of longitudinal household data that was collected in Israel since the outbreak of the pandemic, we focused on 325 dual-earner couples who stayed employed during the first lockdown. By employing OLS regressions, we examined the association between changes in employment hours and changes in unpaid labor for partnered men (...)
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  34. Yesode ḥokhmat ha-higayon.Meir Loeb ben Jehiel Michael Malbim - 1900 - Warsaw: Bi-defus M.Y. Halṭer.
  35.  12
    The Notion of Human Rights: A Reconsideration.Meirlys Owens - 1969 - American Philosophical Quarterly 6 (3):240 - 246.
  36.  34
    The Acrobatic Gaze and the Pensive Image in Palestinian Morgue Photography.Meir Wigoder - 2012 - Critical Inquiry 38 (2):267-288.
    The topic of my essay is Palestinian morgue photography in the wake of the Israeli air strikes and the ground invasion of Gaza, during Operation Cast Lead. I especially focus on a fashionable angle that is prevalent among the local Palestinian press-photographers. I term it the acrobatic gaze: from the heights of the fridges in the morgue the photographers try to be omniscient absently-present witnesses that are capable of combining in a single composition both the faces of the standing relatives (...)
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  37.  9
    Positivism and Unity.Meir H. Yarom - 2023 - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 36 (1):241-280.
    This article examines the grappling of modern positivists with the question of legal unity. It presents and contrasts two antagonistic positivist strands—naturalist and normativist—epitomized in the works of Austin and Kelsen, respectively. The two strands correspond to two contrasting models of legal authority—criterial and coherence-based—and they accordingly diverge on the proper explanation of unity. Naturalist, criterial models purport to explain the unity of law based on extra-legal facts alone; normativist, coherence-based models resort strictly to the interrelation of legal elements themselves. (...)
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  38.  53
    The Unlikely Comeback of Pascal’s Wager: on the Instability of Secular Post-Modernism.Samuel Lebens & Daniel Statman - 2021 - Philosophia 51 (1):337-348.
    Pascal’s wager faces serious criticisms and is generally considered unconvincing. We argue that it can make a comeback powered by an unlikely ally: postmodernism. If one denies the existence of objective facts (e.g. about God or His relation to the world), then various non-theological considerations should come to the fore when considering the rationality of religious commitment and the choice of education for one’s children. In fact, we shall argue that, if one genuinely cares about one’s children, then – in (...)
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  39.  14
    29 Are Proofs of God’s Existence Impossible? A Critical Examination of Kant’s Critique.Meir Buzaglo - 2024 - In Mirosław Szatkowski (ed.), Ontology of Divinity. De Gruyter. pp. 613-630.
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  40.  65
    Hintikka on cubism.Meirlys Lewis - 1980 - British Journal of Aesthetics 20 (1):44-53.
    An examination of the criteria implied in claims about the realism of cubism, Typified by those of hintikka in "concept as vision". It is argued that his analysis of cubism is inadequate and incoherent and that the artistic component of his attempted analogy between cubism and husserlian phenomenology is distorted and ineffective. For the realism of cubist preoccupation is to be understood, Not merely as a departure from so-Called illusionistic painting, But in terms of new pictorial techniques and emphases: in (...)
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  41.  65
    A note on parity and modality.Meir Buzaglo - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (9):491-498.
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  42.  58
    Two Kinds of High-Level Probability.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2019 - The Monist 102 (4):458-477.
    According to influential views the probabilities in classical statistical mechanics and other special sciences are objective chances, although the underlying mechanical theory is deterministic, since the deterministic low level is inadmissible or unavailable from the high level. Here two intuitions pull in opposite directions: One intuition is that if the world is deterministic, probability can only express subjective ignorance. The other intuition is that probability of high-level phenomena, especially thermodynamic ones, is dictated by the state of affairs in the world. (...)
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  43. The physics of implementing logic: Landauer's principle and the multiple-computations theorem.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 68:90-105.
    This paper makes a novel linkage between the multiple-computations theorem in philosophy of mind and Landauer’s principle in physics. The multiple-computations theorem implies that certain physical systems implement simultaneously more than one computation. Landauer’s principle implies that the physical implementation of “logically irreversible” functions is accompanied by minimal entropy increase. We show that the multiple-computations theorem is incompatible with, or at least challenges, the universal validity of Landauer’s principle. To this end we provide accounts of both ideas in terms of (...)
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  44.  49
    Gödel’s Second Theorem and the Provability of God’s Existence.Meir Buzaglo - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (4):541-549.
    According to a common view, belief in God cannot be proved and is an issue that must be left to faith. Kant went even further and argued that he can prove this unprovability. But any argument implying that a certain sentence is not provable is challenged by Gödel’s second theorem. Indeed, one trivial consequence of GST is that for any formal system F that satisfies certain conditions and for every sentence K that is formulated in F it is impossible to (...)
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  45.  9
    30 Spinoza and the Universal Set: A Proposal.Meir Buzaglo - 2024 - In Mirosław Szatkowski (ed.), Ontology of Divinity. De Gruyter. pp. 631-644.
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  46. Maxwell's Demon.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (8):389-411.
    This paper proves that Maxwell's Demon is compatible with classical mechanics. In particular it shows how the cycle of operation - including measurement and erasure - can be carried out with no entropy cost, contrary to the Landauer-Bennett thesis (according to which memory erasure costs kln2 of entropy increase per bit). The Landauer-Bennet thesis is thus proven to be mistaken.
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  47. The Mathematical Representation of the Arrow of Time.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2012 - Iyyun 61:167-192.
    This paper distinguishes between 3 meanings of reversal, all of which are mathematically equivalent in classical mechanics: velocity reversal, retrodiction, and time reversal. It then concludes that in order to have well defined velocities a primitive arrow of time must be included in every time slice. The paper briefly mentions that this arrow cannot come from the Second Law of thermodynamics, but this point is developed in more details elsewhere.
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  48. Sod Yakhin u-Voʻaz.Meir Margoliouth - 1990 - Bene-Beraḳ: Y. Margaliyot.
     
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  49.  20
    An addendum to a previous paper entitled “pathology,” from an “evolution point of view”.J. H. Meiring Beck - 1884 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 4 (1):40-44.
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  50.  12
    As below, so above: A perspective on African Theology.Arno Meiring - 2007 - HTS Theological Studies 63 (2).
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