Results for 'Meir Statman'

355 found
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  1.  84
    Do Corporations Invest Enough in Environmental Responsibility?Yongtae Kim & Meir Statman - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (1):115-129.
    Proponents of corporate environmental responsibility argue that corporations shortchange shareholders by investing too little in environmental responsibility. They claim that corporations can improve their financial performance by increasing their investment in environmental responsibility. Opponents of corporate social responsibility argue that corporations shortchange shareholders by investing too much in environmental responsibility. They claim that corporations can improve their financial performance by reducing their investment in environmental responsibility. Yet, others claim that corporations serve their shareholders well by investing just enough in social (...)
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  2.  42
    The Cultures of Insider Trading.Meir Statman - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 89 (S1):51 - 58.
    Paul Bond is a lawyer who overheard two other lawyers at his office discussing the proposed purchase of a company by one of their clients. He proceeds to buy shares of this company. Would you rate Bond's behavior completely fair, acceptable, unfair, or very unfair? I posed this vignette to samples of university students in China, Taiwan, and the U. S. Most students in the U. S. and Taiwan samples rated Bond's behavior unfair or very unfair while most students in (...)
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  3.  31
    The Logic of Concept Expansion.Meir Buzaglo - 2001 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    The operation of developing a concept is a common procedure in mathematics and in natural science, but has traditionally seemed much less possible to philosophers and, especially, logicians. Meir Buzaglo's innovative study proposes a way of expanding logic to include the stretching of concepts, while modifying the principles which block this possibility. He offers stimulating discussions of the idea of conceptual expansion as a normative process, and of the relation of conceptual expansion to truth, meaning, reference, ontology and paradox, (...)
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  4.  45
    A challenge to the second law of thermodynamics from cognitive science and vice versa.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2021 - Synthese 199 (1-2):4897-4927.
    We show that the so-called Multiple-Computations Theorem in cognitive science and philosophy of mind challenges Landauer’s Principle in physics. Since the orthodox wisdom in statistical physics is that Landauer’s Principle is implied by, or is the mechanical equivalent of, the Second Law of thermodynamics, our argument shows that the Multiple-Computations Theorem challenges the universal validity of the Second Law of thermodynamics itself. We construct two examples of computations carried out by one and the same dynamical process with respect to which (...)
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  5. Solomon Maimon: Monism, Skepticism, and Mathematics.Meir Buzaglo - 2002 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    The philosophy of Solomon Maimon is usually considered an important link between Kant’s transcendental philosophy and German idealism. Highly praised during his lifetime, over the past two centuries Maimon’s genius has been poorly understood and often ignored. Meir Buzaglo offers a reconstruction of Maimon’s philosophy, revealing that its true nature becomes apparent only when viewed in light of his philosophy of mathematics. This provides the key to understanding Maimon’s solution to Kant’s _quid juris_ question concerning the connection between intuition (...)
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  6. Moral Dilemmas.Daniel Statman - 1995 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Moral dilemmas set a challenge for ethical theory. They are situations where agents seem to be under an obligation both to do, and to refrain from doing, a specific act. Are such situations possible? What is their exact nature? These are the questions that _Moral Dilemmas_ tries to answer. The book argues that moral theories should not allow for the possibility of irresolvable dilemmas, for situations in which no right answer exists. To this end, arguments seeking to prove the existence (...)
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  7.  83
    Moral and epistemic luck.Daniel Statman - 1991 - Ratio 4 (2):146-156.
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  8.  86
    Buzaglo, Meir. The Logic of Concept Expansion. [REVIEW]Nathaniel Goldberg - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):141-143.
  9. Meir Dan-Cohen.Sanford Kadish, Andrei Marmor, Robert Posi, Eric Rakowski & Jan Vetter Jeremy Waldron - 1995 - In Andrei Marmor (ed.), Law and Interpretation: Essays in Legal Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  10.  3
    Searching for Comfort: Coping with Grief: Insights, Inspirational Stories and Letters of Consolation.Meir Munk - 2003 - Mesorah Publications.
    The loss of a loved one can be a devastating blow, its impact unpredictable and often perplexing. In this sensitively written volume, letters to a young man offer solace, strength and rare insight. The correspondence format allow Meir Munk to.
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  11. Moral Luck.Daniel Statman (ed.) - 1993 - SUNY Press.
    Some luck, in a decision of Gauguin's kind, is extrinsic to his project, some intrinsic; both are necessary for success, and hence for actual justification, but only the latter relates to un- justification. If we now broaden the range of cases slightly, ...
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  12.  49
    The Challenge of Wealth: Jewish Business Ethics.Meir Tamari - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (2):45-56.
    Jewish business ethics in Israel addresses two major sources of economic immorality—unbounded desire and fear of economic uncertainty—through enforcement and spiritual education. Business is seen as a path to sanctity, when time is set apart for religious study, wealth is seen as originating from God, the vulnerable are protected against fraud and theft, charity is seen as an obligation, and mercy towards debtors is tempered by justice.
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  13.  29
    Virtue Ethics: A Critical Reader.Daniel Statman (ed.) - 1997 - Georgetown University Press.
    The central question in contemporary ethics is whether virtue can replace duty as the primary notion in ethical theory. The subject of intense contemporary debate in ethical theory, virtue ethics is currently enjoying an increase in interest. This is the first book to focus directly on the subject. It provides a clear, systematic introduction to the area and houses under one cover a collection of the central articles published on the debate over the past decade. The essays encompass a wide (...)
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  14. Why the Many-Worlds Interpretation of quantum mechanics needs more than Hilbert space structure.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2020 - In Scientific Challenges to Common Sense Philosophy. Oxford: pp. 61-70.
    McQueen and Vaidman argue that the Many Worlds Interpretation (MWI) of quantum mechanics provides local causal explanations of the outcomes of experiments in our experience that is due to the total effect of all the worlds together. We show that although the explanation is local in one world, it requires a causal influence that travels across different worlds. We further argue that in the MWI the local nature of our experience is not derivable from the Hilbert space structure, but has (...)
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  15.  5
    The Notion of Human Rights: A Reconsideration.Meirlys Owens - 1969 - American Philosophical Quarterly 6 (3):240 - 246.
  16. The Definition of "Luck" and the Problem of Moral Luck.Daniel Statman - 2019 - In Ian M. Church & Robert J. Hartman (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Psychology of Luck. pp. 195-205.
     
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  17.  41
    The debate over the so-called reality of moral dilemmas.Daniel Statman - 1990 - Philosophical Papers 19 (3):191-211.
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  18. Ortodoḳsyah humanit: maḥshevet ha-halakhah shel ha-rav prof. Eliʻezer Berḳovits = Orthodox Judaism - the human dimension: the Halakhic philosophy of Rabbi Prop. Eliezer Berkovits.Meir Roth - 2013 - Tel Aviv: ha-Ḳibuts ha-meʼuḥad.
     
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  19. Meir Buzaglo. The Logic of Concept Expansion.M. M. Muntersbjorn - 2003 - Philosophia Mathematica 11 (3):341-348.
  20.  6
    War by Agreement: A Contractarian Ethics of War.Yitzhak Benbaji & Daniel Statman - 2019 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Yitzhak Benbaji and Daniel Statman present a new theory on the ethics of war which shows that wars can be morally justified at both the ad bellum level and the in bello level.
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  21. Introduction to virtue ethics.Daniel Statman - 1997 - In Virtue Ethics. Georgetown University Press. pp. 1--41.
     
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  22.  18
    Collective behavior in globally coupled systems.Meir Griniasty, Vincent Hakim & Wouter-Jan Rappel - 1995 - In R. J. Russell, N. Murphy & A. R. Peacocke (eds.), Chaos and Complexity. Vatican Observatory Publications. pp. 221.
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  23.  22
    The Unlikely Comeback of Pascal’s Wager: on the Instability of Secular Post-Modernism.Samuel Lebens & Daniel Statman - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-12.
    Pascal’s wager faces serious criticisms and is generally considered unconvincing. We argue that it can make a comeback powered by an unlikely ally: postmodernism. If one denies the existence of objective facts, then various non-theological considerations should come to the fore when considering the rationality of religious commitment and the choice of education for one’s children. In fact, we shall argue that, if one genuinely cares about one’s children, then – in many Western countries – one cannot consistently be both (...)
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  24.  16
    The Success Condition for Legitimate Self-Defense.Daniel Statman - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 3 (4):89-94.
    The paper discusses a neglected condition for justified self-defense, namely, 'The Success Condition [SC].' According to SC, otherwise immoral acts can be justified under the right to self-defense only if they actually achieve the intended defense from the perceived threat. If they don't, they are almost always excused, but not morally justified. I show that SC leads to a troubling puzzle because victims who estimate they cannot prevent the attack against them would be morally required to surrender. I try to (...)
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  25.  35
    Why Functionalism Is a Form of ‘Token-Dualism’.Meir Hemmo & Orly R. Shenker - unknown
    We present a novel reductive theory of type-identity physicalism, which is inspired by the foundations of statistical mechanics as a general theory of natural kinds. We show that all the claims mounted against type-identity physicalism in the literature don’t apply to Flat Physicalism, and moreover that this reductive theory solves many of the problems faced by the various non-reductive approaches including functionalism. In particular, we show that Flat Physicalism can account for the appearance of multiple realizability in the special sciences, (...)
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  26.  46
    Who Needs Imperfect Duties?Daniel Statman - 1996 - American Philosophical Quarterly 33 (2):211 - 224.
  27.  14
    A Dilemma for Davidson’s Anomalous Monism.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - unknown
    Is freedom compatible with determinism? Davidson famously rephrased this question by replacing “freedom” with “anomaly of the mental”, that is, failure to fall under a law. In order to prove that the anomaly of the mental is compatible with other conjectures he makes, in particular that: there is psycho-physical causation; “where there is causality, there must be a law” ; and the mental supervenes on the physical, Davidson proposed a model, that came to be known as anomalous monism. Accepting all (...)
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  28.  41
    Ethical issues in bankruptcy: A jewish perspective. [REVIEW]Meir Tamari - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (10):785 - 789.
    The ethical issues involved in bankruptcy affect the debtor, the creditor and the society in which they operate. Facing the debtor is his responsibility to pay back the loans and credit extended to him while the creditor has to decide whether or not to press his legal rights, irrespective of the consequences to the debtor. Society will have to determine to what extent, if any, it is prepared or obligated to fund the rehabilitation of the debtor and those employees, whose (...)
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  29.  2
    Harmful Thoughts: Essays on Law, Self, and Morality.Meir Dan-Cohen - 2002 - Princeton University Press.
    In these writings by one of our most creative legal philosophers, Meir Dan-Cohen explores the nature of the self and its response to legal commands and mounts a challenge to some prevailing tenets of legal theory and the neighboring moral, political, and economic thought. The result is an insider's critique of liberalism that extends contemporary liberalism's Kantian strand, combining it with postmodernist ideas about the contingent and socially constructed self to build a thoroughly original perspective on some of the (...)
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  30.  58
    Flat Physicalism.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2022 - Theoria 88 (4):743-764.
    This paper describes a version of type identity physicalism, which we call Flat Physicalism, and shows how it meets several objections often raised against identity theories. This identity theory is informed by recent results in the conceptual foundations of physics, and in particular clar- ifies the notion of ‘physical kinds’ in light of a conceptual analysis of the paradigmatic case of reducing thermody- namics to statistical mechanics. We show how Flat Physi- calism is compatible with the appearance of multiple realisation (...)
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  31. Et Asher Baḥarti: Hashḳafot Shonot ʻal Ha-Ḥayim, ʻal Emunot Datiyot Ṿe-ʻal Ha-Madaʻ ʻal Pi Hoge Deʻot Be-Khol Ha-Zemanim.Meir Eshkol - 2008 - [MeʼIr Eshkol]..
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  32. Milim, Milim, Milim: Leḳeṭ Raʻayonot Filosofiyim Bi-Merutsat Ha-Dorot.Meir Eshkol - 2006 - MeʼIr Eshkol.
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  33.  32
    Gödel’s Second Theorem and the Provability of God’s Existence.Meir Buzaglo - 2019 - Logica Universalis 13 (4):541-549.
    According to a common view, belief in God cannot be proved and is an issue that must be left to faith. Kant went even further and argued that he can prove this unprovability. But any argument implying that a certain sentence is not provable is challenged by Gödel’s second theorem. Indeed, one trivial consequence of GST is that for any formal system F that satisfies certain conditions and for every sentence K that is formulated in F it is impossible to (...)
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  34. 10. Kwong‐Loi Shun and David Wong, eds., Confucian Ethics: A Comparative Study of Self, Autonomy, and Community Kwong‐Loi Shun and David Wong, eds., Confucian Ethics: A Comparative Study of Self, Autonomy, and Community (pp. 156-160). [REVIEW]James Lenman, Tamar Schapiro, Daniel Statman, Harry Brighouse, Adam Swift & John Martin Fischer - 2006 - Ethics 117 (1).
  35. Measures over initial conditions.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2012 - In Yemima Ben-Menahem & Meir Hemmo (eds.), Probability in Physics. Springer. pp. 87--98.
    This paper concerns the meaning of the idea of typicality in classical statistical mechanics and how typicality is related to the notion of probability.
     
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  36.  4
    Meir Kahane and Race as Incarnational Theology.Susannah Heschel - 2022 - Journal of Religious Ethics 50 (2):293-302.
    The widespread receptivity of Jewish communities around the world to Meir Kahane demands that we reconsider our narrative of modern Jewish history and religious thought. His racism, calls for violence, and protofascism are startling, given the standard presentation that liberalism and assimilation mark the modern Jewish era. Even more startling is that Kahane's name almost never appears in the major surveys of American Judaism, the history of Zionism, and modern Jewish thought. Yet, Kahane's influence is growing rapidly and already (...)
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  37.  39
    Two Kinds of High-Level Probability.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2019 - The Monist 102 (4):458-477.
    According to influential views the probabilities in classical statistical mechanics and other special sciences are objective chances, although the underlying mechanical theory is deterministic, since the deterministic low level is inadmissible or unavailable from the high level. Here two intuitions pull in opposite directions: One intuition is that if the world is deterministic, probability can only express subjective ignorance. The other intuition is that probability of high-level phenomena, especially thermodynamic ones, is dictated by the state of affairs in the world. (...)
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  38.  2
    Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg. Irving A. Agus.Solomon Gandz - 1948 - Isis 39 (3):175-175.
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  39.  6
    Does the Pandemic Affect Inequality Within Families?: The Case of Dual-Earner Couples in Israel.Meir Yaish, Tali Kristal & Efrat Herzberg-Druker - 2022 - Gender and Society 36 (6):895-921.
    This article exploits the unique consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic outbreak to examine whether time constraints drive the unequal division of unpaid labor between dual-earner couples in Israel. Using the first wave of longitudinal household data that was collected in Israel since the outbreak of the pandemic, we focused on 325 dual-earner couples who stayed employed during the first lockdown. By employing OLS regressions, we examined the association between changes in employment hours and changes in unpaid labor for partnered men (...)
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  40.  22
    On forgiveness.Meirlys Lewis - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (120):236-245.
  41. The Second Law of Thermodynamics and the Psychological Arrow of Time.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2022 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 73 (1):85-107.
    Can the second law of thermodynamics explain our mental experience of the direction of time? According to an influential approach, the past hypothesis of universal low entropy also explains how the psychological arrow comes about. We argue that although this approach has many attractive features, it cannot explain the psychological arrow after all. In particular, we show that the past hypothesis is neither necessary nor sufficient to explain the psychological arrow on the basis of current physics. We propose two necessary (...)
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  42. Maxwell's Demon.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy 107 (8):389-411.
    This paper proves that Maxwell's Demon is compatible with classical mechanics. In particular it shows how the cycle of operation - including measurement and erasure - can be carried out with no entropy cost, contrary to the Landauer-Bennett thesis (according to which memory erasure costs kln2 of entropy increase per bit). The Landauer-Bennet thesis is thus proven to be mistaken.
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  43. The physics of implementing logic: Landauer's principle and the multiple-computations theorem.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 68:90-105.
    This paper makes a novel linkage between the multiple-computations theorem in philosophy of mind and Landauer’s principle in physics. The multiple-computations theorem implies that certain physical systems implement simultaneously more than one computation. Landauer’s principle implies that the physical implementation of “logically irreversible” functions is accompanied by minimal entropy increase. We show that the multiple-computations theorem is incompatible with, or at least challenges, the universal validity of Landauer’s principle. To this end we provide accounts of both ideas in terms of (...)
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  44.  18
    On the Complexity of Alpha Conversion.Rick Statman - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (4):1197 - 1203.
    We consider three problems concerning alpha conversion of closed terms (combinators). (1) Given a combinator M find the an alpha convert of M with a smallest number of distinct variables. (2) Given two alpha convertible combinators M and N find a shortest alpha conversion of M to N. (3) Given two alpha convertible combinators M and N find an alpha conversion of M to N which uses the smallest number of variables possible along the way. We obtain the following results. (...)
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  45.  67
    Prediction and retrodiction in Boltzmann's approach to classical statistical mechanics.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - unknown
    In this paper we address two problems in Boltzmann's approach to statistical mechanics. The first is the justification of the probabilistic predictions of the theory. And the second is the inadequacy of the theory's retrodictions.
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  46. Quantum, Probability, Logic: Itamar Pitowsky’s Work and Influence.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker (eds.) - 2020 - Springer.
    This volume provides a broad perspective on the state of the art in the philosophy and conceptual foundations of quantum mechanics. Its essays take their starting point in the work and influence of Itamar Pitowsky, who has greatly influenced our understanding of what is characteristically non-classical about quantum probabilities and quantum logic, and this serves as a vantage point from which they reflect on key ongoing debates in the field. Readers will find a definitive and multi-faceted description of the major (...)
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  47. Mi-Torato Shel Ha-Meshekh Ḥokhmah.Meir Simḥah - 2011 - Et Ha-Sefer Nitan le-Haśig Etsel Mishpaḥat Ḳuperman.
    1. Moʻadim. Torat ha-midot -- 2. Pirḳe maḥshavah -- 3. Penine ha-Meshekh ḥokhmah.
     
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  48. Targeted killing.Daniel Statman - 2005 - In Timothy Shanahan (ed.), Philosophy 9/11: Thinking About the War on Terrorism. Open Court.
     
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  49.  52
    The emergence of macroscopic regularity.Meir Hemmo & Orly Shenker - 2015 - Mind and Society 14 (2):221-244.
    Special sciences (such as biology, psychology, economics) describe various regularities holding at some high macroscopic level. One of the central questions concerning these macroscopic regularities is how they are related to the laws of physics governing the underlying microscopic physical reality. In this paper we show how a macroscopic regularity may emerge from an underlying micro- scopic structure, and how the appearance of multiple realizability of the special sciences by physics comes about in a reductionist-physicalist framework. On this basis we (...)
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  50.  12
    Solution to a problem of Chang and Lee.Richard Statman - 1980 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 21 (3):518-520.
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