Results for 'Meghan Vasher'

181 found
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  1.  62
    Environmental Factors Contributing to Wrongdoing in Medicine: A Criterion-Based Review of Studies and Cases.James M. DuBois, Emily E. Anderson, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Elena Kraus, Timothy Rubbelke & Meghan Vasher - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):163 - 188.
    In this article we describe our approach to understanding wrongdoing in medical research and practice, which involves the statistical analysis of coded data from a large set of published cases. We focus on understanding the environmental factors that predict the kind and the severity of wrongdoing in medicine. Through review of empirical and theoretical literature, consultation with experts, the application of criminological theory, and ongoing analysis of our first 60 cases, we hypothesize that 10 contextual features of the medical environment (...)
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  2.  19
    Incidental regulation of attraction: The neural basis of the derogation of attractive alternatives in romantic relationships.Meghan L. Meyer, Elliot T. Berkman, Johan C. Karremans & Matthew D. Lieberman - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (3):490-505.
  3. Empathy and Its Role in Morality.Meghan Masto - 2015 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 53 (1):74-96.
    In this paper, I will argue, contra Prinz, that empathy is a crucial component of our moral lives. In particular, I argue that empathy is sometimes epistemologically necessary for identifying the right action; that empathy is sometimes psychologically necessary for motivating the agent to perform the right action; and that empathy is sometimes necessary for the agent to be most morally praiseworthy for an action. I begin by explaining what I take empathy to be. I then discuss some alleged problems (...)
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  4.  20
    Rare Disease, Advocacy and Justice: Intersecting Disparities in Research and Clinical Care.Meghan C. Halley, Colin M. E. Halverson, Holly K. Tabor & Aaron J. Goldenberg - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (7):17-26.
    Rare genetic diseases collectively impact millions of individuals in the United States. These patients and their families share many challenges including delayed diagnosis, lack of knowledgeable providers, and limited economic incentives to develop new therapies for small patient groups. As such, rare disease patients and families often must rely on advocacy, including both self-advocacy to access clinical care and public advocacy to advance research. However, these demands raise serious concerns for equity, as both care and research for a given disease (...)
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  5. Questions, answers, and knowledge- wh.Meghan Masto - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (3):395-413.
    Various authors have attempted to understand knowledge-wh—or knowledge ascriptions that include an interrogative complement. I present and explain some of the analyses offered so far and argue that each view faces some problems. I then present and explain a newanalysis of knowledge-wh that avoids these problems and that offers several other advantages. Finally I raise some problems for invariantism about knowledge-wh and I argue thatcontextualism about knowledge-wh fits nicely with a very natural understanding of the nature of questions.
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  6.  5
    The good life method: reasoning through the big questions of happiness, faith, and meaning.Meghan Sullivan - 2022 - New York: Penguin Press. Edited by Paul Leonard Blaschko.
    Notre Dame Philosophy professors Meghan Sullivan and Paul Blaschko have gone deep with that work in their wildly popular and influential undergraduate course GOD AND THE GOOD LIFE, in which they wrestle with the big questions about how to live and what makes life meaningful. Now they invite us into the classroom to tackle such issues as what justifies your beliefs, whether you should practice a religion, and what sacrifices you should make for others--as well as to investigate what (...)
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  7.  11
    The End of Feminism.Meghan Murphy - 2023 - The Philosophers' Magazine 99:72-77.
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  8.  8
    Cultivating the Soul.Meghan T. Ray - 2010-09-24 - In Fritz Allhoff & Dan O'Brien (eds.), Gardening ‐ Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 26–37.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Greece Rome Conclusion Notes.
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  9.  7
    Lady Sings the Blues.Meghan Winsby - 2011-12-09 - In Fritz Allhoff, Jesse R. Steinberg & Abrol Fairweather (eds.), Blues–Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 153–166.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Why so Blue? Women and the Blues Stealing the Blues Conclusion Notes.
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  10.  28
    Social Working Memory: Neurocognitive Networks and Directions for Future Research.Meghan L. Meyer & Matthew D. Lieberman - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  11.  18
    Safety Culture in Financial Trading: An Analysis of Trading Misconduct Investigations.Meghan P. Leaver & Tom W. Reader - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (2):461-481.
    High-profile failures in financial trading have led to interest in how the culture of the industry produces risky and unethical behaviours among traders. Yet, there is no established theoretical framework for studying this: we apply safety culture theory to examine ten recent high-profile trading mishaps investigated by the UK financial regulator. The results show that the dimensions of safety culture used to understand organisational accidents in domains such as aviation also explain failures in Risk Management within financial trading organisations. This (...)
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  12.  5
    From “Ought” to “Is”: Surfacing Values in Patient and Family Advocacy in Rare Diseases.Meghan C. Halley - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (12):1-3.
    In this issue, Lynch and colleagues discuss lessons learned from the “Operation Warp Speed” response to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States—both about what to do and what not to do fo...
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  13.  64
    The problem of denizenship: a non-domination framework.Meghan Benton - 2014 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 17 (1):49-69.
  14.  5
    Beyond “Ensuring Understanding”: Toward a Patient-Partnered Neuroethics of Brain Device Research.Meghan C. Halley, Tracy Dixon-Salazar & Anna Wexler - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (4):241-244.
    The work of Sankary et al. (2022) provides valuable insights into the experiences of participants exiting brain device research. Empirical bioethics research such as this is critical to understandi...
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  15.  30
    Perception of speech reflects optimal use of probabilistic speech cues.Robert A. Jacobs Meghan Clayards, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):804.
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  16.  21
    Nobody Said Anything.Meghan Bidwell - 2013 - Philosophy Now 94:12-13.
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  17. The potential of course interventions to change preservice teachers' epistemological beliefs.Meghan Parkinson & Liliana Maggioni - 2017 - In Gregory J. Schraw, Jo Brownlee & Lori Olafson (eds.), Teachers' personal epistemologies: evolving models for informing practice. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc,..
     
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  18.  38
    Time Biases: A Theory of Rational Planning and Personal Persistence.Meghan Sullivan - 2018 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Should you care less about your distant future? What about events in your life that have already happened? How should the passage of time affect your planning and assessment of your life? Most of us think it is irrational to ignore the future but harmless to dismiss the past. But this book argues that rationality requires temporal neutrality.
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  19.  93
    The Tyranny of the Enfranchised Majority? The Accountability of States to their Non-Citizen Population.Meghan Benton - 2010 - Res Publica 16 (4):397-413.
    The debate between legal constitutionalists and critics of constitutional rights and judicial review is an old and lively one. While the protection of minorities is a pivotal aspect of this debate, the protection of disenfranchised minorities has received little attention. Policy-focused discussion—of the merits of the Human Rights Act in Britain for example—often cites protection of non-citizen migrants, but the philosophical debate does not. Non-citizen residents or ‘denizens’ therefore provide an interesting test case for the theory of rights as trumps (...)
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  20.  27
    The Role of Historical Science in Methodological Actualism.Meghan D. Page - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (3):461-482.
    This article examines the role of historical science in clarifying the causal structure of complex natural processes. I reject the pervasive view that historical science does not uncover natural regularities. To show why, I consider an important methodological distinction in geology between uniformitarianism and actualism; methodological actualism, the preferred method of geologists, often relies on historical reconstructions to test the stability of currently observed processes. I provide several case studies that illustrate this, including one that highlights how historical narratives can (...)
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  21.  18
    Verb aspect and problem solving.Meghan M. Salomon, Joseph P. Magliano & Gabriel A. Radvansky - 2013 - Cognition 128 (2):134-139.
  22.  10
    Pulse: Entanglements of air and light in pandemic academia.Meghan Moe Beitiks - 2021 - Technoetic Arts 19 (3):295-299.
    Artist Meghan Moe Beitiks considers her first-person perspective of entanglements of light and air during the 2020–21 pandemic from her position in academia and Florida.
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  23.  56
    Why agent-caused actions are not lucky.Meghan Griffith - 2010 - American Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):43-56.
    Philosophers like to worry about luck. And well they should. Luck poses potential difficulties for knowledge, moral appraisal, and freedom. The primary target of this paper will be the last of these concerns . Recent arguments from luck have been levied against libertarian accounts of free will, including agent-causal ones. One general goal of this paper will be to demonstrate the truth of an often overlooked claim about responsibility-undermining luck. Part of this task will include illustrating what is genuinely worrisome (...)
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  24.  9
    Perception of speech reflects optimal use of probabilistic speech cues.Meghan Clayards, Michael K. Tanenhaus, Richard N. Aslin & Robert A. Jacobs - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):804-809.
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  25. The Minimal A-theory.Meghan Sullivan - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 158 (2):149-174.
    Timothy Williamson thinks that every object is a necessary, eternal existent. In defense of his view, Williamson appeals primarily to considerations from modal and tense logic. While I am uncertain about his modal claims, I think there are good metaphysical reasons to believe permanentism: the principle that everything always exists. B-theorists of time and change have long denied that objects change with respect to unqualified existence. But aside from Williamson, nearly all A-theorists defend temporaryism: the principle that there are temporary (...)
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  26. Does free will remain a mystery? A response to Van Inwagen.Meghan Elizabeth Griffith - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 124 (3):261-269.
    In this paper, I argue against Peter van Inwagen’s claim (in “Free Will Remains a Mystery”), that agent-causal views of free will could do nothing to solve the problem of free will (specifically, the problem of chanciness). After explaining van Inwagen’s argument, I argue that he does not consider all possible manifestations of the agent-causal position. More importantly, I claim that, in any case, van Inwagen appears to have mischaracterized the problem in some crucial ways. Once we are clear on (...)
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  27.  26
    Upbeat and happy: Arousal as an important factor in studying attention.Meghan M. McConnell & David I. Shore - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1184-1195.
  28.  69
    Knowledge-The and Knowledge-wh.Meghan Masto - 2016 - American Philosophical Quarterly 53 (3):295-306.
    In this paper, I offer a novel account of knowledge ascriptions with concealed questions as complements. I begin by discussing various theories of knowledge-the proposed in the literature and raising some problems for each. I then present and explain my positive proposal, arguing that knowledge ascriptions with concealed questions as complements say that the subject stands in the knowledge relation to a question. I claim that this view avoids the problems facing other accounts and offers a unified account of knowledge-the, (...)
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  29.  8
    Shining Light on Language for, in, and as Science Content.Meghan Bratkovich - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (7-8):769-782.
    The work of science is a linguistic act. However, like history and philosophy of science, language has frequently been isolated from science content due to factors such as school departmentalization and narrow definitions of what it means to teach, know, and do science. This conceptual article seeks to recognize and recognize—to understand and yet rethink—science content in light of the vision of science expected by academic standards. Achieving that vision requires new perspectives in science teaching and teacher education that look (...)
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  30. Knowledge, Questions And Answers.Meghan B. Masto - 2003 - Dissertation,
    In this dissertation I attempt to develop a better understanding of knowledge and belief. In Chapter 1 I offer an analysis of knowledge-wh . I argue that knowledge-wh ascriptions express that a subject stands in the knowledge relation to a question--where to stand in this knowledge relation to a question is to know an answer to the question. Additionally I adopt a contextualist picture of knowledge- wh . I raise some problems for invariantism about knowledge- wh and I argue that (...)
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  31.  18
    What is “Personal” About Personal Experience? A Call to Reflexivity for All.Meghan Halley & Colin Halverson - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (1):39-41.
    In their article, Nelson et al. (2023) raise concerns regarding the “paradox of experience” as it relates to the practice of bioethics. They argue that while experience provides individuals with in...
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  32. Free Will: The Basics.Meghan Griffith - 2013 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    The question of whether humans are free to make their own decisions has long been debated and it continues to be a controversial topic today. In _Free Will: The Basics_ readers are provided with a clear and accessible introduction to this central but challenging philosophical problem. The questions which are discussed include: Does free will exist? Or is it illusory? Can we be free even if everything is determined by a chain of causes? If our actions are not determined, does (...)
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  33. The Posture of Faith.Meghan Page - 2017 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 8:227-244.
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  34.  23
    Caesar as Salius: A Reconsideration of the Apex on Caesar's Elephant Denarius.Meghan J. DiLuzio - 2018 - American Journal of Philology 139 (2):249-276.
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  35.  9
    Fortuna: Deity and Concept in Archaic and Republican Italy by Daniele Miano.Meghan DiLuzio - 2020 - American Journal of Philology 141 (2):307-310.
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  36.  38
    The Ethics of Interpersonal Relationships: Robert W. Firestone and Joyce Catlett, 2009, Karnac Books.Meghan A. Harris - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (3):301-302.
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  37.  14
    More Than Words: Extra-Sylvian Neuroanatomic Networks Support Indirect Speech Act Comprehension and Discourse in Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia.Meghan Healey, Erica Howard, Molly Ungrady, Christopher A. Olm, Naomi Nevler, David J. Irwin & Murray Grossman - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Indirect speech acts—responding “I forgot to wear my watch today” to someone who asked for the time—are ubiquitous in daily conversation, but are understudied in current neurobiological models of language. To comprehend an indirect speech act like this one, listeners must not only decode the lexical-semantic content of the utterance, but also make a pragmatic, bridging inference. This inference allows listeners to derive the speaker’s true, intended meaning—in the above dialog, for example, that the speaker cannot provide the time. In (...)
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  38.  8
    Systems of Pain/Networks of Resilience.Meghan Moe Beitiks & Katie Murphy - 2020 - World Futures 76 (5-7):375-382.
    Systems of Pain/Networks of Resilience is a transcript of a video, a chapter in an interdisciplinary research project. Artist Meghan Moe Beitiks interviewed people with personal or pro...
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  39. Cultivating the soul : the ethics of gardening in ancient Greece and Rome.Meghan T. Ray - 2010 - In Dan O'Brien (ed.), Gardening - Philosophy for Everyone: Cultivating Wisdom. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  40.  9
    On the ordering of propertius 2.33b.23–6.Meghan Reedy - 2010 - Classical Quarterly 60 (1):272-.
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  41.  7
    Sonority as a Phonological Cue in Early Perception of Written Syllables in French.Méghane Tossonian, Ludovic Ferrand, Ophélie Lucas, Mickaël Berthon & Norbert Maïonchi-Pino - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Many studies focused on the letter and sound co-occurrences to account for the well-documented syllable-based effects in French in visual (pseudo)word processing. Although these language-specific statistical properties are crucial, recent data suggest that studies which go all-in on phonological and orthographic regularities may be misguided in interpreting how – and why – readers locate syllable boundaries and segment clusters. Indeed, syllable-based effects could depend on more abstract, universal phonological constraints that rule and govern how letter and sound occur and co-occur, (...)
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  42.  11
    Moral Engagement and Disengagement in Health Care AI Development.Ariadne A. Nichol, Meghan Halley, Carole Federico, Mildred K. Cho & Pamela L. Sankar - forthcoming - AJOB Empirical Bioethics.
    Background Machine learning (ML) is utilized increasingly in health care, and can pose harms to patients, clinicians, health systems, and the public. In response, regulators have proposed an approach that would shift more responsibility to ML developers for mitigating potential harms. To be effective, this approach requires ML developers to recognize, accept, and act on responsibility for mitigating harms. However, little is known regarding the perspectives of developers themselves regarding their obligations to mitigate harms.Methods We conducted 40 semi-structured interviews with (...)
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  43.  18
    The Joint Effects of Justice Climate, Group Moral Identity, and Corporate Social Responsibility on the Prosocial and Deviant Behaviors of Groups.Meghan A. Thornton & Deborah E. Rupp - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 137 (4):677-697.
    Pulling from theories of social exchange, deonance, and fairness heuristics, this study focuses on the relationship between overall justice climate and both the prosocial and deviant behaviors of groups. Specifically, it considers two contextual boundary conditions on this effect—corporate social responsibility and group moral identity. Results from a laboratory experiment are presented, which show a significant effect for overall justice climate and a two-way interaction between overall justice climate and CSR on group-level prosocial and deviant behaviors, and a marginally significant (...)
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  44. Metaphysics.Peter Van Inwagen, Meghan Sullivan & Sara Bernstein - 2023 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  45.  29
    Reasoned agreement versus practical reasonableness: Grounding human rights in Maritain and Rawls.Meghan J. Clark - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (4):637-648.
  46.  30
    Sense and Reference of a Believer.Meghan D. Page - 2018 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 92 (1):145-157.
    Pierre Duhem’s philosophy of science was criticized by several of his contemporaries for being surreptitiously influenced by his Catholic faith. In his essay “Physics of a Believer,” Duhem defends himself against this appraisal. In this paper, I detail Duhem’s argument and reconstruct his view concerning the relationship between theoretical science and religious belief. Ultimately, Duhem claims that the propositions of physical theory cannot contradict the propositions of religious belief because they do not share a domain of reference. To clarify why (...)
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  47. Change We Can Believe In (and Assert).Meghan Sullivan - 2012 - Noûs 48 (3):474-495.
  48.  15
    The Context-Variable Self and Autonomy: Exploring Surveillance Experience, recognition, and Action at Airport Security Checkpoints.Meghan E. McNamara & Stephen D. Reicher - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  49.  93
    An A-theory without tense operators.Meghan Sullivan - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (4-5):735-758.
    A-theorists think there is a fundamental difference between the present and other times. This concern shows up in what kinds of properties they take to be instantiated, what objects they think exist and how they formalize their views. Nearly every contemporary A-theorist assumes that her metaphysics requires a tense logic – a logic with operators like and. In this paper, I show that there is at least one viable A-theory that does not require a logic with tense operators. And I (...)
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  50. Problems for Temporary Existence in Tense Logic.Meghan Sullivan - 2012 - Philosophy Compass 7 (1):43-57.
    A‐theorists of time postulate a deep distinction between the present, past and future. Settling on an appropriate logic for such a view is no easy matter. This Philosophy Compass article describes one of the most vexing formal problems facing A‐theorists. It is commonly thought that A‐theories can only be formally expressed in a tense logic: a logic with operators like P and F . And it seems natural to think that we live in a world where objects come to exist (...)
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