Results for 'Medicine Philosophy.'

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  1. Medicine, philosophy of.Kenneth F. Schaffner & H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr - 1996 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Genealogy to Iqbal. New York: Routledge. pp. 264-269.
     
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  2.  16
    Medicine, Philosophy, and Theology: Christian Bioethics Reconsidered.H. Tristram Engelhardt - 2002 - Christian Bioethics 8 (2):105-117.
    H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.; Medicine, Philosophy, and Theology: Christian Bioethics Reconsidered, Christian bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morali.
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  3.  36
    Osteopathic Medicine: Philosophy, Principles and Practice.W. Llewellyn McKone - 2001 - Blackwell Science.
    This is the first textbook on osteopathic medicine to complement the dominant 'medical' model of education.
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  4.  11
    Editorial: Medicine, Philosophy, and the Image of Man.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (2):101.
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  5. Medicine, philosophy, and the image of man.E. D. Pellegrino - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (2):101-103.
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  6.  43
    Medicine & Philosophy. A Twenty‐First Century Introduction – By Ingvar Johansson and Niels Lynøe.Pierdaniele Giaretta - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (1):89-94.
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  7.  11
    Respect for Life in Medicine, Philosophy, and the Law.Owsei Temkin, William K. Frankena & Sanford H. Kadish - 1977
    Lectures delivered at the Johns Hopkins University in 1975. Includes bibliographical references and index.
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  8.  22
    The Philosophy of Medicine Reborn: A Pellegrino Reader.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 2008 - University of Notre Dame Press. Edited by H. Tristram Engelhardt & Fabrice Jotterand.
    What the philosophy of medicine is -- Philosophy of medicine: should it be teleologically or socially construed? -- The internal morality of clinical medicine: a paradigm for the ethics of the helping and healing professions -- Humanistic basis of professional ethics -- The commodification of medical and health care: the moral consequences of a paradigm shift from a professional to a market ethic -- Medicine today: its identity, its role, and the role of physicians -- From (...)
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  9. Greek Rational Medicine. Philosophy and Medicine From Alcmaeon to the Alexandrians.James Longrigg & Danielle Gourevitch - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):493.
  10.  58
    The Crisis of Medicine: Philosophy and the Social Construction of Medicine.Kevin Wm Wildes - 2001 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 11 (1):71-86.
    : During the past decade there has been a debate about the field of philosophy of medicine. The debate has focused on fundamental questions about whether the field exists and the nature of the field. This article explores the debate and argues that it has paid insufficient attention to the social dimensions of both philosophy and medicine. The article goes on to argue that by exploring this debate one can better understand some of the difficult questions facing contemporary (...)
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  11.  18
    The philosophy and practice of medicine and bioethics: a naturalistic-humanistic approach.Warren A. Shibles - 2010 - London: Springer. Edited by Barbara Maier.
    This book completes medical care by adding the comprehensive humanistic perspectives and philosophy of medicine.
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  12.  56
    Philosophy of Medicine.Alex Broadbent - 2018 - New York, NY: Oup Usa.
    Philosophy of Medicine provides a fresh and comprehensive treatment of the topic. It offers a novel theory of the nature of medicine, and proposes a new attitude to medicine, aimed at improving the quality of debates between medical traditions and facilitating medicine's decolonization.
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  13.  22
    Philosophy of Medicine: An Introduction.R. Paul Thompson & Ross Upshur - 2016 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Ross Upshur.
    What kind of knowledge is medical knowledge? Can medicine be explained scientifically? Is disease a scientific concept, or do explanations of disease depend on values? What is ‘evidence-based’ medicine? Are advances in neuroscience bringing us closer to a scientific understanding of the mind? The nature of medicine raises fundamental questions about explanation, causation, knowledge and ontology – questions that are central to philosophy as well as medicine. In this book Paul R. Thompson and Ross E. G. (...)
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  14. The hermeneutics of medicine and the phenomenology of health: steps towards a philosophy of medical practice.Fredrik Svenaeus - 2000 - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain philosophical (...)
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  15. The philosophy of evidence-based medicine.Jeremy H. Howick - 2011 - Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, BMJ Books.
    The philosophy of evidence-based medicine -- What is EBM? -- What is good evidence for a clinical decision? -- Ruling out plausible rival hypotheses and confounding factors : a method -- Resolving the paradox of effectiveness : when do observational studies offer the same degree of evidential support as randomized trials? -- Questioning double blinding as a universal methodological virtue of clinical trials : resolving the Philip's paradox -- Placebo controls : problematic and misleading baseline measures of effectiveness -- (...)
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  16. Evidence: philosophy of science meets medicine.John Worrall - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):356-362.
    Obviously medicine should be evidence-based. The issues lie in the details: what exactly counts as evidence? Do certain kinds of evidence carry more weight than others? (And if so why?) And how exactly should medicine be based on evidence? When it comes to these details, the evidence-based medicine (EBM) movement has got itself into a mess – or so it will be argued. In order to start to resolve this mess, we need to go 'back to basics'; (...)
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  17.  22
    La Mettrie: Medicine, Philosophy, and Enlightenment. Kathleen Wellman.Paul Lawrence Farber - 1993 - Isis 84 (3):585-585.
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  18.  52
    Experimental philosophy of medicine and the concepts of health and disease.Walter Veit - 2020 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 42 (3):169-186.
    If one had to identify the biggest change within the philosophical tradition in the twenty-first century, it would certainly be the rapid rise of experimental philosophy to address differences in intuitions about concepts. It is, therefore, surprising that the philosophy of medicine has so far not drawn on the tools of experimental philosophy in the context of a particular conceptual debate that has overshadowed all others in the field: the long-standing dispute between so-called naturalists and normativists about the concepts (...)
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  19.  4
    Book Review. Medicine, Philosophy and Religion in Ancient China: Researches and Reflections by Nathan Sivin. [REVIEW]Mary Tiles - 2000 - Philosophy East and West 50 (2):308-309.
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  20.  9
    Lectures and Other Papers.Andrew Cunningham, Francis Glisson & Wellcome Unit for the History of Medicine - 1998
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  21. Experimental philosophy of medicine and the concepts of health and disease.Walter Veit - 2020 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-18.
    If one had to identify the biggest change within the philosophical tradition in the twenty-first century, it would certainly be the rapid rise of experimental philosophy to address differences in intuitions about concepts. It is, therefore, surprising that the philosophy of medicine has so far not drawn on the tools of experimental philosophy in the context of a particular conceptual debate that has overshadowed all others in the field: the long-standing dispute between so-called naturalists and normativists about the concepts (...)
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  22.  38
    Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine.James A. Marcum (ed.) - 2016 - New York: Bloomsbury.
    A definitive and authoritative guide to a vibrant and growing discipline in current philosophy, The Bloomsbury Companion to Contemporary Philosophy of Medicine presents an overview of the issues facing contemporary philosophy of medicine, the research methods required to understand them and a trajectory for the discipline's future. -/- Written by world leaders in the discipline, this companion addresses the ontological, epistemic, and methodological challenges facing philosophers of medicine today, from the debate between evidence-based and person-centered medicine, (...)
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  23.  10
    The Philosophical Foundations of Classical Chinese Medicine: Philosophy, Methodology, Science.Keekok Lee - 2017 - Lexington Books.
    This book makes Classical Chinese Medicine intelligible to those who are not familiar with the tradition and who may choose to dismiss it off-hand or to assess it negatively. Keekok Lee uses two related strategies: arguing that all science and therefore medicine cannot be understood without excavating its philosophical presuppositions and showing what those presuppositions are in the case of CCM compared with those of biomedicine.
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  24.  40
    Philosophy in medicine: conceptual and ethical issues in medicine and psychiatry.Charles M. Culver - 1982 - New York: Oxford University Press. Edited by Bernard Gert.
    Battle Hall Davies' brother Nick ran away from home when she was in high school. Now he has found her and she is going to stay with him for the summer before starting college. Battle discovers that neither she nor her brother is the person she thought they were.
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  25.  87
    Ingvar Johansson, Neils Lynøe: Medicine & philosophy: a twenty-first century introduction: Ontos Verlag, Frankfurt, 2008, 475 pp, $54.00 , ISBN 978-3-938793-90-9.James A. Marcum - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (5):395-399.
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  26.  46
    The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine.Miriam Solomon, Jeremy R. Simon & Harold Kincaid (eds.) - 2016 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    _The_ _Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Medicine _is a comprehensive guide to topics in the fields of epistemology and metaphysics of medicine. It examines traditional topics such as the concept of disease, causality in medicine, the epistemology of the randomized controlled trial, the biopsychosocial model, explanation, clinical judgment and phenomenology of medicine and emerging topics, such as philosophy of epidemiology, measuring harms, the concept of disability, nursing perspectives, race and gender, the metaphysics of Chinese medicine, (...)
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  27.  88
    Philosophy of Medicine.Fred Gifford (ed.) - 2011 - Boston: Elsevier.
    This volume covers a wide range of conceptual, epistemological and methodological issues in the philosophy of science raised by reflection upon medical science and practice.
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  28.  45
    Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease.Philip J. Van der Eijk - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This work brings together Philip van der Eijk's previously published essays on the close connections that existed between medicine and philosophy throughout antiquity. Medical authors such as the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical methods such as causal explanation, definition and division and applied key concepts such as the notion of nature to their understanding of the human body. Similarly, philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle were highly valued for their contributions to medicine. (...)
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  29. Establishing Causal Claims in Medicine.Jon Williamson - 2019 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 32 (1):33-61.
    Russo and Williamson put forward the following thesis: in order to establish a causal claim in medicine, one normally needs to establish both that the putative cause and putative effect are appropriately correlated and that there is some underlying mechanism that can account for this correlation. I argue that, although the Russo-Williamson thesis conflicts with the tenets of present-day evidence-based medicine, it offers a better causal epistemology than that provided by present-day EBM because it better explains two key (...)
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  30.  62
    Philosophy of Population Health: Philosophy for a New Public Health Era.Sean A. Valles - 2018 - Abingdon OX14, UK: Routledge.
    Population health has recently grown from a series of loosely connected critiques of twentieth-century public health and medicine into a theoretical framework with a corresponding field of research—population health science. Its approach is to promote the public’s health through improving everyday human life: affordable nutritious food, clean air, safe places where children can play, living wages, etc. It recognizes that addressing contemporary health challenges such as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes will take much more than good hospitals and (...)
  31.  7
    Philosophy of Molecular Medicine: Foundational Issues in Research and Practice.Giovanni Boniolo & Marco J. Nathan (eds.) - 2016 - New York: Routledge.
    _Philosophy of Molecular Medicine: Foundational Issues in Theory and Practice_ aims at a systematic investigation of a number of foundational issues in the field of molecular medicine. The volume is organized around four broad modules focusing, respectively, on the following key aspects: What are the nature, scope, and limits of molecular medicine? How does it provide explanations? How does it represent and model phenomena of interest? How does it infer new knowledge from data and experiments? The essays (...)
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  32. To race or not to race: A normative debate in the philosophy of race.Ian Shane Peebles - forthcoming - Philosophers' Imprint.
    One of the many debates in the philosophy of race is whether we should eliminate or conserve discourse, thought, and practices reliant on racial terms and categories (i.e., race-talk). In this paper, I consider this debate in the context of medicine. The recent resurgence in anti-racist activism and the COVID-19 pandemic have prompted philosophers, medical professionals, and the public to (re)consider race, its role in long-standing health disparities, and the utility of race-based medicine. In what follows, I argue (...)
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  33.  90
    Women intellectuals in the Middle Ages: Hildegard of Bingen - between medicine, philosophy and mysticism.Marcos Roberto Nunes Costa - 2012 - Trans/Form/Ação 35 (s1):187-208.
    É corrente se afirmar que antes da Modernidade não há registro de mulheres na construção do pensamento erudito. Que, se tomarmos, po exemplo, a Filosofia e a Teologia, que foram as duas áreas do conhecimento que mais produziram intelectuais, durante a Idade Média, não encontraremos aí a presença de mulheres. Entretanto, apesar de todas as evidências, se vasculharmos a construção do Pensamento Ocidental, veremos que é possível identificar a presença de algumas mulheres já nos tempos remotos, na Antiguidade Clássica e (...)
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  34.  6
    Natura confortata per medicinam operatur per se. The Role of Medicine in Albert the Great’s Early Theology and Aristotelian Paraphrases.Michele Meroni - 2023 - Quaestio 23:109-136.
    Albert the Great’s Aristotelian paraphrases (De animalibus, Parva Naturalia) are famous for their extensive use of medical doctrines. Their use is not unprecedented in other Albertinian works, though. This article tries to show how Albert’s early theological works (De homine, Commentarium super libros Sententiarum) provide crucial evidence to understand the rationale behind Albert’s integration of medico-philosophical doctrines into his mature works of natural philosophy. In the first place, the early works assert that medicine – at least, its theoretical part (...)
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  35.  34
    Medicine in John Locke's philosophy.Miguel A. Sanchez-Gonzalez - 1990 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):675-695.
    John Locke's philosophy was deeply affected by medicine of his times. It was specially influenced by the medical thought and practice of Thomas Sydenham. Locke was a personal friend of Sydenham, expressed an avid interest in his work and shared his views and methods. The influence of Sydenham's medicine can be seen in the following areas of Locke's philosophy: his “plain historical method”; the emphasis on observation and sensory experience instead of seeking the essence of things; the rejection (...)
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  36.  97
    Handbook of Analytic Philosophy of Medicine.Kazem Sadegh-Zadeh - 2015 - Dordrecht, Heidelberg, New York, London: Springer.
    Medical practice is practiced morality, and clinical research belongs to normative ethics. The present book elucidates and advances this thesis by: 1. analyzing the structure of medical language, knowledge, and theories; 2. inquiring into the foundations of the clinical encounter; 3. introducing the logic and methodology of clinical decision-making, including artificial intelligence in medicine; 4. suggesting comprehensive theories of organism, life, and psyche; of health, illness, and disease; of etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, prevention, and therapy; and 5. investigating the moral (...)
  37. The philosophy of medicine in europe: Challenges for the future.David C. Thomasma - 1985 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 6 (1).
    Two challenges face European philosophy of medicine. The first is to counterbalance what is seen as an overemphasis on social analysis of medicine with greater attention to its personal and individual dimensions. The second, related challenge, is to more fully understand the clinical realities of modern medicine, which in turn, give rise to the scope and limits of physician duties, patient obligations, and social concerns.
     
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  38.  46
    Philosophy of medicine: Problematic and potential.Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1976 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 1 (1):5-31.
    SummaryThe congruence between medicine and philosophy which we find in the Protagoras and the Treatise on Ancient Medicine as well as the tensions symbolized in the dialectic between Eryximachus and Diotima will always be with us. The congruence and the divergence of these ancient disciplines are both important to human well-being. By opposing one another, medicine and philosophy can each balance the other's pretension to universality. By converging, they illumine some of the most important questions of human (...)
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  39.  68
    Knowing – in Medicine.Joachim P. Sturmberg & Carmel M. Martin - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):767-770.
    In this paper we argue that knowledge in health care is a multidimensional dynamic construct, in contrast to the prevailing idea of knowledge being an objective state. Polanyi demonstrated that knowledge is personal, that knowledge is discovered, and that knowledge has explicit and tacit dimensions. Complex adaptive systems science views knowledge simultaneously as a thing and a flow, constructed as well as in constant flux. The Cynefin framework is one model to help our understanding of knowledge as a personal construct (...)
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  40.  47
    Medicine and Society, New Perspectives in Continental Philosophy.Darian Meacham (ed.) - 2015 - Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.
    This volume addresses some of the most prominent questions in contemporary bioethics and philosophy of medicine: ‘liberal’ eugenics, enhancement, the normal and the pathological, the classification of mental illness, the relation between genetics, disease and the political sphere, the experience of illness and disability, and the sense of the subject of bioethical inquiry itself. All of these issues are addressed from a “continental” perspective, drawing on a rich tradition of inquiry into these questions in the fields of phenomenology, philosophical (...)
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  41.  16
    Medicine and Philosophy in the Thought of Averroes.Beatrice H. Zedler - 1979 - Philosophy Research Archives 5:138-160.
    The philosopher Averroes (1126-1198), known to the West as the Commentator on Aristotle, was also a physician. This suggests the question: Were medicine and philosophy two different and parallel interests in Averroes' intellectual life or were they in some way related within a single context of wisdom? By investigating Averroes' main, but often-neglected medical work, the Colliget, together with other relevant texts, this article showsthat Averroes sees medicine as based on principles of natural philosophy and parallel to moral (...)
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  42. Philosophy of medicine — from a medical perspective.Henrik R. Wulff - 1992 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (1).
    In this commentary on the article by Arthur L. Caplan [1] the philosophy of medicine is viewed from a medical perspective. Philosophical studies have a long tradition in medicine, especially during periods of paradigmatic unrest, and they serve the same goal as other medical activities: the prevention and treatment of disease. The medical profession needs the help of professional philosophers in much the same way as it needs the cooperation of basic scientists. Philosophy of medicine may not (...)
     
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  43.  36
    Reasoning from the Uterus: Casanova, Women's Agency, and the Philosophy of Birth.Stella Villarmea - 2021 - Hypatia 36 (1):22-41.
    The emerging area of philosophy of birth is invaluable, first, to diagnose fallacious assumptions about the relation between the womb and reason, and, ultimately, to challenge potentially damaging narratives with major impact on birth care. With its analysis of eighteenth-century epistemic and medical discussions about the role of the uterus in women's reasoning, this article supports two arguments: first, that women's “flawed thinking” was a premise drawn by many modern intellectual men, one that was presented as based upon empirical evidence; (...)
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  44.  37
    Dialogic Consensus in Medicine—A Justification Claim.Paul Walker & Terence Lovat - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (1):71-84.
    The historical emphasis of medical ethics, based on substantive frameworks and principles derived from them, is no longer seen as sufficiently sensitive to the moral pluralism characteristic of our current era. We argue that moral decision-making in clinical situations is more properly derived from a process of dialogic consensus. This process entails an inclusive, noncoercive, and self-reflective dialogue within the community affected. In order to justify this approach, we make two claims—the first epistemic, and the second normative. The epistemic claim (...)
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  45.  26
    Philosophy of Medicine and Bioethics: A Twenty-Year Retrospective and Critical Appraisal.Ronald A. Carson & C. R. Burns (eds.) - 1997 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Papers presented at a symposium on philosophy and medicine at the Institute for the Medical Humanities at the University of Texas Medical Branch in 1974 were published in the inaugural volume of this series.
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  46. The Logic of Medicine.Edmond A. Murphy - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):488-490.
     
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  47. Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease (review).Philippa Lang - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):151-152.
    Philippa Lang - Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.1 151-152 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Philippa Lang Emory University Philip van der Eijk. Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Pp. xiv + 404. Cloth, $95.00. This immaculately (...)
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  48.  57
    African philosophy, culture, and traditional medicine.M. Akin Makinde - 1988 - Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Center for International Studies.
    For over two centuries, Western scholars have discussed African philosophy and culture, often in disparaging, condescending terms, and always from an alien European perspective. Many Africans now share this perspective, having been trained in the western, empirical tradition. Makinde argues that, particularly in view of the costs and failings of western style culture, Africans must now mold their own modern culture by blending useful western practices with valuable indigenous African elements. Specifically, Makinde demonstrates the potential for the development of African (...)
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  49.  80
    Attitudes on euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide and terminal sedation -- A survey of the members of the German Association for Palliative Medicine.H. C. Müller-Busch, Fuat S. Oduncu, Susanne Woskanjan & Eberhard Klaschik - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):333-339.
    Background: Due to recent legislations on euthanasia and its current practice in the Netherlands and Belgium, issues of end-of-life medicine have become very vital in many European countries. In 2002, the Ethics Working Group of the German Association for Palliative Medicine (DGP) has conducted a survey among its physician members in order to evaluate their attitudes towards different end-of-life medical practices, such as euthanasia (EUT), physician-assisted suicide (PAS), and terminal sedation (TS). Methods: An anonymous questionnaire was sent to (...)
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  50.  80
    Suffering and the goals of medicine.Stan van Hooft - 1998 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 1 (2):125-131.
    Taking as its starting point a recent statement of the Goals of Medicine published by the Hastings Centre, this paper argues against the dualistic distinction between pain and suffering. It uses an Aristotelian conception of the person to suggest that malady, pain, and disablement are objective forms of suffering not dependent upon any state of consciousness of the victim. As a result, medicine effectively relieves suffering when it cures malady and relieves pain. There is no medical mission to (...)
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