Results for 'Mechanism'

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  1. SG Shanker.Mechanist Metaphor - 1987 - In Rainer Born (ed.), Artificial Intelligence: The Case Against. St Martin's Press. pp. 72.
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  2.  25
    Lough, John, Locke's Travels in France.Mechanism Locke - 2010 - In S. J. Savonius-Wroth Paul Schuurman & Jonathen Walmsley (eds.), The Continuum Companion to Locke. Continuum. pp. 249.
  3. Charles Taylor.How is Mechanism Conceivable - 1971 - In Marjorie Grene (ed.), Interpretations Of Life And Mind: Essays Around The Problem Of Reduction. New York,: Humanities Press.
     
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  4.  42
    Cognitive Penetration of Colour Experience: Rethinking the Issue in Light of an Indirect Mechanism.Fiona Macpherson - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 84 (1):24-62.
    Can the phenomenal character of perceptual experience be altered by the states of one's cognitive system, for example, one's thoughts or beliefs? If one thinks that this can happen then one thinks that there can be cognitive penetration of perceptual experience; otherwise, one thinks that perceptual experience is cognitively impenetrable. I claim that there is one alleged case of cognitive penetration that cannot be explained away by the standard strategies one can typically use to explain away alleged cases. The case (...)
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  5.  27
    The referential mechanism of proper names: cross-cultural investigations into referential intuitions.Jincai Li - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Each of us bears a unique name given to us at birth. When people use your name, they typically refer to you. But what is the linkage that ties a name to a person and hence allows it to refer? Li's book approaches this question of reference empirically through the medium of referential intuitions. Building on the literature on philosophical and linguistic intuitions, she proposes a linguistic-competence-based account of referential intuitions. Subsequently, using a series of novel experiments, she investigates the (...)
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  6.  31
    Categorization: A mechanism for rapid information processing.Nancy W. Ingling - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (3):239.
  7. Moral Grandstanding in Public Discourse: Status-Seeking Motives as a Potential Explanatory Mechanism in Predicting Conflict.Joshua B. Grubbs, Brandon Warmke, Justin Tosi, A. Shanti James & W. Keith Campbell - 2019 - PLoS ONE 14 (10).
    Public discourse is often caustic and conflict-filled. This trend seems to be particularly evident when the content of such discourse is around moral issues (broadly defined) and when the discourse occurs on social media. Several explanatory mechanisms for such conflict have been explored in recent psychological and social-science literatures. The present work sought to examine a potentially novel explanatory mechanism defined in philosophical literature: Moral Grandstanding. According to philosophical accounts, Moral Grandstanding is the use of moral talk to seek (...)
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  8. A model for the mechanism of unilateral neglect of space.M. Kinsbourne - 1970 - Transactions of the American Neurological Association 95:143-147.
  9.  28
    Is Board Gender Diversity Linked to Financial Performance? The Mediating Mechanism of CSR.Jeremy Galbreath - 2018 - Business and Society 57 (5):863-889.
    The evidence for a positive, direct link between the representation of women on boards of directors and financial performance is tenuous. Given the importance of the gender diversity–financial performance debate, researchers are left to examine how, if at all, the two are linked. The present study takes the position that the link is indirect. Specifically, following stakeholder theory, an argument is made that women on boards’ attunement to stakeholder interests leads them to influence firms’ prosocial actions, which results in higher (...)
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  10. On the Essence, Mechanism and Strategies of Awakened Mind and Living. 이기흥 - 2018 - Journal of the Society of Philosophical Studies 121:205-236.
    필자는 깨달음의 이해에는 단일한 접근이 아니라, 복합적 접근이 필요하다고 본다. 이와 함께 깨달음을 일단 깨침, 깨어남, 깨어있음, 알아차림, 계몽 등의 의미복합체로 보고, 깨달음의 문제에 인식론, 자아론, (의식)존재론, 생각이론, 관점이론 등 다각도에서 접근한다. 그리고 이들 깨달음 담론들에 나타나는 면면과 공통점들로부터 깨달음의 본질, 기제, 전략을 추출해낸다. 깨달음의 핵심은 에고의 질적 상승 내지 초월에 있고, 그것의 효과가 사회의 질적 상승까지 가져올 수 있다는 것이 필자의 결론이다. 이때 에고의 질적 상승 내지 초월은 크게 두 방향으로 나뉜다. 하나는 에고가 생각의 너울을 걷고 참나로 전환해 가는 (...)
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  11.  82
    Is Integrated Reporting Really the Superior Mechanism for the Integration of Ethics into the Core Business Model? An Empirical Analysis.Janine Maniora - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (4):755-786.
    This paper examines the impact of integrated reporting on the integration of environmental, social, and governance issues into the business model and the related economic and ESG performance changes. To investigate these internal and external transformational effects of IR, important differences between IR and alternative ESG reporting strategies are worked out. Using three matched samples of companies from around the world for the sample period 2002–2011, IR companies are matched with companies applying no ESG reporting, stand-alone ESG reporting, or ESG (...)
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  12. Ideas and Mechanism: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy.Margaret Dauler Wilson - 2001 - Mind 110 (437):297-301.
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  13.  13
    Emergence and mechanism in the fractional quantum Hall effect.Jonathan Bain - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 56:27-38.
  14.  62
    The role of covariation versus mechanism information in causal attribution.Woo-Kyoung Ahn, Charles W. Kalish, Douglas L. Medin & Susan A. Gelman - 1995 - Cognition 54 (3):299-352.
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  15.  23
    Hume-Rothery stabilisation mechanism andd-states-mediated Fermi surface–Brillouin zone interactions in structurally complex metallic alloys.U. Mizutani, M. Inukai & H. Sato - 2011 - Philosophical Magazine 91 (19-21):2536-2542.
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  16.  9
    Is the philosophy of mechanism philosophy enough?Lenny Moss - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):164-172.
  17.  16
    The Endurance of the Mechanism: Vitalism Controversy.Hilde Hein - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (1):159 - 188.
  18. An oscillatory mechanism for prioritizing salient unattended stimuli.Ole Jensen, Mathilde Bonnefond & Rufin VanRullen - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (4):200-206.
  19. A modular geometric mechanism for reorientation in children.Sang Ah Lee & Elizabeth S. Spelke - unknown
    Although disoriented young children reorient themselves in relation to the shape of the surrounding surface layout, cognitive accounts of this ability vary. The present paper tests three theories of reorientation: a snapshot theory based on visual image-matching computations, an adaptive combination theory proposing that diverse environmental cues to orientation are weighted according to their experienced reliability, and a modular theory centering on encapsulated computations of the shape of the extended surface layout. Seven experiments test these theories by manipulating four properties (...)
     
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  20.  65
    The Higgs mechanism and superconductivity: A case study of formal analogies.Doreen Fraser & Adam Koberinski - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 55:72-91.
    Following the experimental discovery of the Higgs boson, physicists explained the discovery to the public by appealing to analogies with condensed matter physics. The historical root of these analogies is the analogies to models of superconductivity that inspired the introduction of spontaneous symmetry breaking into particle physics in the early 1960s. We offer a historical and philosophical analysis of the analogies between the Higgs model of the electroweak interaction and the Ginsburg-Landau and Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer models of superconductivity, respectively. The conclusion of (...)
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  21.  96
    Gauge invariant accounts of the Higgs mechanism.Ward Struyve - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (4):226-236.
    The Higgs mechanism gives mass to Yang-Mills gauge bosons. According to the conventional wisdom, this happens through the spontaneous breaking of gauge symmetry. Yet, gauge symmetries merely reflect a redundancy in the state description and therefore the spontaneous breaking can not be an essential ingredient. Indeed, as already shown by Higgs and Kibble, the mechanism can be explained in terms of gauge invariant variables, without invoking spontaneous symmetry breaking. In this paper, we present a general discussion of such (...)
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  22.  21
    A Vitalist Shoal in the Mechanist Tide: Art, Nature, and 17th-Century Science.Jonathan L. Shaheen - 2022 - Philosophies 7 (5):111.
    This paper reconstructs Margaret Cavendish’s theory of the metaphysics of artifacts. It situates her anti-mechanist account of artifactual production and the art-nature distinction against a background of Aristotelian, Scholastic, and mechanist theories. Within this broad context, it considers what Cavendish thinks artisans can actually do, grounding her terminological stipulation that there is no genuine generation in nature in a commitment to natural and artistic production as the mere rearrangement of bodies. Bodies themselves are identified, in a conceptually Ockhamist manner, with (...)
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  23.  87
    The construction of the Higgs mechanism and the emergence of the electroweak theory.Koray Karaca - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (1):1-16.
    I examine the construction process of the “Higgs mechanism” and its subsequent use by Steven Weinberg to formulate the electroweak theory of elementary particle physics. I characterize the development of the Higgs mechanism as a historical process that was guided through analogies drawn to the theories of solid-state physics and that was progressive through diverse contributions in the sixties from a number of physicists working independently. I also offer a detailed comparative study of the similarities and the differences (...)
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  24. Narrow Versus Wide Mechanism: Including a Re-Examination of Turing’s Views on the Mind-Machine Issue.B. Jack Copeland - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (1):5-32.
  25. The Feeling of Personal Ownership of One’s Mental States: A Conceptual Argument and Empirical Evidence for an Essential, but Underappreciated, Mechanism of Mind.Stan Klein - 2015 - Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice 2 (4):355-376.
    I argue that the feeling that one is the owner of his or her mental states is not an intrinsic property of those states. Rather, it consists in a contingent relation between consciousness and its intentional objects. As such, there are (a variety of) circumstances, varying in their interpretive clarity, in which this relation can come undone. When this happens, the content of consciousness still is apprehended, but the feeling that the content “belongs to me” no longer is secured. I (...)
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  26. Strategies in the interfield discovery of the mechanism of protein synthesis.Lindley Darden & Carl Craver - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (1):1-28.
    In the 1950s and 1960s, an interfield interaction between molecular biologists and biochemists integrated important discoveries about the mechanism of protein synthesis. This extended discovery episode reveals two general reasoning strategies for eliminating gaps in descriptions of the productive continuity of mechanisms: schema instantiation and forward chaining/backtracking. Schema instantiation involves filling roles in an overall framework for the mechanism. Forward chaining and backtracking eliminate gaps using knowledge about types of entities and their activities. Attention to mechanisms highlights salient (...)
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  27. The idea of mechanism.Stathis Psillos - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari Federica Russo (ed.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. pp. 771--788.
     
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  28.  42
    Improving the Quality of Host Country Ethical Oversight of International Research: The Use of a Collaborative ‘Pre‐Review’ Mechanism for a Study of Fexinidazole for Human A frican Trypanosomiasis.Carl H. Coleman, Chantal Ardiot, Séverine Blesson, Yves Bonnin, Francois Bompart, Pierre Colonna, Ames Dhai, Julius Ecuru, Andrew Edielu, Christian Hervé, François Hirsch, Bocar Kouyaté, Marie-France Mamzer-Bruneel, Dionko Maoundé, Eric Martinent, Honoré Ntsiba, Gérard Pelé, Gilles Quéva, Marie-Christine Reinmund, Samba Cor Sarr, Abdoulaye Sepou, Antoine Tarral, Djetodjide Tetimian, Olaf Valverde, Simon Van Nieuwenhove & Nathalie Strub-Wourgaft - 2014 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (3):241-247.
    Developing countries face numerous barriers to conducting effective and efficient ethics reviews of international collaborative research. In addition to potentially overlooking important scientific and ethical considerations, inadequate or insufficiently trained ethics committees may insist on unwarranted changes to protocols that can impair a study's scientific or ethical validity. Moreover, poorly functioning review systems can impose substantial delays on the commencement of research, which needlessly undermine the development of new interventions for urgent medical needs. In response to these concerns, the Drugs (...)
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  29.  27
    Are ‘Green Brides’ More Attractive? An Empirical Examination of How Prospective Partners’ Environmental Reputation Affects the Trust-Based Mechanism in Alliance Formation.Anne Norheim-Hansen - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (4):813-830.
    There is theoretical and empirical evidence that firms’ environmental performance has ramifications for their appeal to various stakeholders. Yet, we know little about how this plays out in the context of strategic alliance formation. Stated differently, research is lacking on how ‘green’ prospective alliance partners are estimated by the initiating firm. This article employs strong environmental reputation as a proxy for high environmental performance and explores implications for the well-established alliance formation trust-based mechanism, under the strategic cognition perspective. The (...)
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  30.  4
    Analysis of the impact mechanism of environmental regulations on corporate environmental proactivity—based on the perspective of political connections.Zhaoqiang Yi & Lihua Wu - 2022 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 31 (2):323-345.
    Business Ethics, the Environment & Responsibility, Volume 31, Issue 2, Page 323-345, April 2022.
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  31.  5
    Self-Extending Symbiosis: A Mechanism for Increasing Robustness Through Evolution.Hiroaki Kitano & Kanae Oda - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):61-66.
    Robustness is a fundamental property of biological systems, observed ubiquitously across species and at different levels of organization from gene regulation to ecosystem. The theory of biological robustness argues that robustness fosters evolv-ability and that together they entail various tradeoffs as well as characteristic architectures and mechanisms. We argue that classes of biological systems have evolved to enhance their robustness by extending their system boundary through a series of symbioses with foreign biological entities . A series of major biological innovations (...)
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  32.  6
    Boyle’s teleological mechanism and the myth of immanent teleology.Laurence Carlin - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (1):54-63.
  33.  5
    Greek Science and Mechanism I. Aristotle on Nature and Chance.D. M. Balme - 1939 - Classical Quarterly 33 (3-4):129-.
  34.  11
    5 Attention: Mechanism and Virtue.Carlos Montemayor - 2023 - In D. Graham Burnett & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.), Scenes of Attention: Essays on Mind, Time, and the Senses. Columbia University Press. pp. 103-123.
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  35.  38
    The endurance of the mechanism—vitalism controversy.Hilde Hein - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (1):159-188.
  36.  98
    The Ups and Downs of Mechanism Realism: Functions, Levels, and Crosscutting Hierarchies.Joe Dewhurst & Alistair M. C. Isaac - 2021 - Erkenntnis 88 (3):1-23.
    Mechanism realists assert the existence of mechanisms as objective structures in the world, but their exact metaphysical commitments are unclear. We introduce Local Hierarchy Realism (LHR) as a substantive and plausible form of mechanism realism. The limits of LHR reveal a deep tension between two aspects of mechanists’ explanatory strategy. Functional decomposition identifies locally relevant entities and activities, while these same entities and activities are also embedded in a nested hierarchy of levels. In principle, a functional decomposition may (...)
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  37.  57
    Form, substance, and mechanism.Robert Pasnau - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (1):31-88.
    Philosophers today have largely given up on the project of categorizing being. Aristotle’s ten categories now strike us as quaint, and no attempt to improve on that effort meets with much interest. Still, no one supposes that reality is smoothly distributed over space. The world at large comes in chunks, and there remains a widespread intuition, even among philosophers, that some of these chunks have a special sort of unity and persistence. These, we tend to suppose, are most truly agents (...)
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  38.  30
    The ethics of inattention: revitalising civil inattention as a privacy-protecting mechanism in public spaces.Tamar Sharon & Bert-Jaap Koops - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (3):331-343.
    Societies evolve practices that reflect social norms of appropriateness in social interaction, for example when and to what extent one should respect the boundaries of another person’s private sphere. One such practice is what the sociologist Erving Goffman called civil inattention—the social norm of showing a proper amount of indifference to others—which functions as an almost unnoticed yet highly potent privacy-preserving mechanism. These practices can be disrupted by technologies that afford new forms of intrusions. In this paper, we show (...)
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  39.  40
    The Neural Mechanism Underlying Cognitive and Emotional Processes in Creativity.Simeng Gu, Mengdan Gao, Yaoyao Yan, Fushun Wang, Yi-Yuan Tang & Jason H. Huang - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  40. Lucas against Mechanism.David Lewis - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1-2.
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  41.  6
    The Stones That the Builders Rejected: The Scapegoat Mechanism and Evolutionary Psychiatry.D. Vincent Riordan - 2020 - Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 27 (1):59-79.
    Mental illness is difficult to reconcile with the Darwinian theory of natural selection. Major psychiatric conditions, such as psychosis and suicidality, often occur in young adults and impair reproductive potential, yet they also appear to be genetically mediated.1 The challenge for evolutionary psychiatry has been to explain not only how such seemingly disadvantageous genes have evaded natural selection, but also how the widespread vulnerability to such conditions ever became established in the human genome in the first place.2In Things Hidden Since (...)
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  42.  83
    Generalization by Mechanism: Thin Rationality and Ideal-type Analysis in Case Study Research.Bo Bengtsson & Nils Hertting - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (6):707-732.
    Drawing general inferences on the basis of single-case and small- n studies is often seen as problematic. This article suggests a logic of generalization based on thinly rationalistic social mechanisms. Ideal-type mechanisms can be derived from empirical observations in one case and, based on the assumption of thin rationality, used as a generalizing bridge to other contexts with similar actor constellations. Thus, the “portability” builds on expectations about similar mechanisms operating in similar contexts. We present the general logic behind such (...)
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  43.  22
    Robert Boyle and the heuristic value of mechanism.Peter R. Anstey - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 33 (1):157-170.
    This paper argues that, contrary to the claims of Alan Chalmers, Boyle understood his experimental work to be intimately related to his mechanical philosophy. Its central claim is that the mechanical philosophy has a heuristic structure that motivates and gives direction to Boyle's experimental programme. Boyle was able to delimit the scope of possible explanations of any phenomenon by positing both that all qualities are ultimately reducible to a select group of mechanical qualities and that all explanations of natural phenomena (...)
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  44. Emotional component in risky decision-making mechanism.Olena Bakalenko - 2014 - Вісник Харківського Університету. Сер. Теорія Культури І Філософія Науки 1092 (Вип. 50):С. 186–190.
    The basic results of empirical research and trends of theoretical understanding of influence of emotions on weighting of decision aspects, the influence of emotional tone of events on risk-taking, the emotional significance influence on accessibility of thoughts and the influence of emotional priming on process of decision-making were considered. It was shown, that parallel emotional and cognitive information processing paths are functioning during the process of decision-making as a single mechanism. The important role of emotions in risky decision-making was (...)
     
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  45.  82
    Why good thoughts block better ones: The mechanism of the pernicious Einstellung (set) effect.Merim Bilalić, Peter McLeod & Fernand Gobet - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):652-661.
    The Einstellung effect occurs when the first idea that comes to mind, triggered by familiar features of a problem, prevents a better solution being found. It has been shown to affect both people facing novel problems and experts within their field of expertise. We show that it works by influencing mechanisms that determine what information is attended to. Having found one solution, expert chess players reported that they were looking for a better one. But their eye movements showed that they (...)
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  46.  10
    What Cognitive Mechanism, When, Where, and Why? Exploring the Decision Making of University and Professional Rugby Union Players During Competitive Matches.Michael Ashford, Andrew Abraham & Jamie Poolton - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Over the past 50 years decision making research in team invasion sport has been dominated by three research perspectives,information processing,ecological dynamics, andnaturalistic decision making. Recently, attempts have been made to integrate perspectives, as conceptual similarities demonstrate the decision making process as an interaction between a players perception of game information and the individual and collective capability to act on it. Despite this, no common ground has been found regarding what connects perception and action during performance. The differences between perspectives rest (...)
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  47.  5
    Research on the Tournament Incentive Mechanism of the Safety Behavior for Construction Workers: Considering Multiple Heterogeneity.Liuyang Ji, Wenyao Liu & Yifan Zhang - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The unsafe behavior of construction workers is one of the most important and direct causes of safety accidents. Managers usually develop effective incentives aimed at regulating worker safety behavior. Due to the large number of workers in construction projects, there are multiple differences in fairness preference, risk preference and ability level, which will lead to the complex effect of the traditional mechanism to regulate workers’ safety behavior. In order to improve the effectiveness of incentive measures for worker safety behavior, (...)
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  48.  4
    CHAPTER 13. Superadded Properties: The Limits of Mechanism in Locke.Margaret Dauler Wilson - 1999 - In Ideas and Mechanism: Essays on Early Modern Philosophy. Princeton University Press. pp. 196-208.
  49.  12
    Greek Science and Mechanism I. Aristotle on Nature and Chance.D. M. Balme - 1939 - Classical Quarterly 33 (3-4):129-138.
  50. Problems for the Purported Cognitive Penetration of Perceptual Color Experience and Macpherson’s Proposed Mechanism.Steven Gross, Thitaporn Chaisilprungraung, Elizabeth Kaplan, Jorge Aurelio Menendez & Jonathan Flombaum - 2014 - Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication.
    Fiona Macpherson (2012) argues that various experimental results provide strong evidence in favor of the cognitive penetration of perceptual color experience. Moreover, she proposes a mechanism for how such cognitive penetration occurs. We argue, first, that the results on which Macpherson relies do not provide strong grounds for her claim of cognitive penetrability; and, second, that, if the results do reflect cognitive penetrability, then time-course considerations raise worries for her proposed mechanism. We base our arguments in part on (...)
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