Results for 'Maya Krishnan'

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Maya Krishnan
Oxford University
  1. Against Interpretability: a Critical Examination of the Interpretability Problem in Machine Learning.Maya Krishnan - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (3):487-502.
    The usefulness of machine learning algorithms has led to their widespread adoption prior to the development of a conceptual framework for making sense of them. One common response to this situation is to say that machine learning suffers from a “black box problem.” That is, machine learning algorithms are “opaque” to human users, failing to be “interpretable” or “explicable” in terms that would render categorization procedures “understandable.” The purpose of this paper is to challenge the widespread agreement about the existence (...)
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  2.  69
    Kant’s Critical Theory of the Best Possible World.Maya Krishnan - 2021 - Kantian Review 26 (1):27-51.
    In this article I argue that the Critical Kant endorses the claim that God creates the best possible world, and that this claim is best understood as committing him to the view that God creates an infinitely valuable world. Kant’s understudied Critical theory of the best possible world differs significantly from his better-known quasi-Leibnizian pre-Critical account insofar as it uses an axiological rather than ontological metric for the goodness of worlds. The axiological metric introduces unique challenges for a Kantian account (...)
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  3. The Shaken Realist: Bernard Williams, the War, and Philosophy as Cultural Critique.Nikhil Krishnan & Matthieu Queloz - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy.
    Bernard Williams thought that philosophy should address real human concerns felt beyond academic philosophy. But what wider concerns are addressed by Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy, a book he introduces as being ‘principally about how things are in moral philosophy’? In this article, we argue that Williams responded to the concerns of his day indirectly, refraining from explicitly claiming wider cultural relevance, but hinting at it in the pair of epigraphs that opens the main text. This was Williams’s solution (...)
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  4. Intrinsicality and Hyperintensionality.Maya Eddon - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (2):314-336.
    The standard counterexamples to David Lewis’s account of intrinsicality involve two sorts of properties: identity properties and necessary properties. Proponents of the account have attempted to deflect these counterexamples in a number of ways. This paper argues that none of these moves are legitimate. Furthermore, this paper argues that no account along the lines of Lewis’s can succeed, for an adequate account of intrinsicality must be sensitive to hyperintensional distinctions among properties.
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  5. Armstrong on Quantities and Resemblance.Maya Eddon - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 136 (3):385-404.
    Resemblances obtain not only between objects but between properties. Resemblances of the latter sort - in particular resemblances between quantitative properties - prove to be the downfall of a well-known theory of universals, namely the one presented by David Armstrong. This paper examines Armstrong's efforts to account for such resemblances within the framework of his theory and also explores several extensions of that theory. All of them fail.
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  6.  42
    Structural Racism in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Moving Forward.Maya Sabatello, Mary Jackson Scroggins, Greta Goto, Alicia Santiago, Alma McCormick, Kimberly Jacoby Morris, Christina R. Daulton, Carla L. Easter & Gwen Darien - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):56-74.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has taken a substantial human, social and economic toll globally, but its impact on Black/African Americans, Latinx, and American Indian/Alaska Native communities in the U.S....
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  7. Public Misunderstanding of Science? Reframing the Problem of Vaccine Hesitancy.Maya J. Goldenberg - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (5):552-581.
    The public rejection of scientific claims is widely recognized by scientific and governmental institutions to be threatening to modern democratic societies. Intense conflict between science and the public over diverse health and environmental issues have invited speculation by concerned officials regarding both the source of and the solution to the problem of public resistance towards scientific and policy positions on such hot-button issues as global warming, genetically modified crops, environmental toxins, and nuclear waste disposal. The London Royal Society’s influential report (...)
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  8. On Evidence and Evidence-Based Medicine: Lessons From the Philosophy of Science.Maya J. Goldenberg - 2006 - Social Science and Medicine 62 (11):2621-2632.
    The evidence-based medicine (EBM) movement is touted as a new paradigm in medical education and practice, a description that carries with it an enthusiasm for science that has not been seen since logical positivism flourished (circa 1920–1950). At the same time, the term ‘‘evidence-based medicine’’ has a ring of obviousness to it, as few physicians, one suspects, would claim that they do not attempt to base their clinical decision-making on available evidence. However, the apparent obviousness of EBM can and should (...)
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  9. The Yogamaṇīprabhā of Rāmānandasarasvatī with the Gloss Svasaṇekta: Critically Edited with Introduction and Appendices. Rāmānandasarsavatī & Bala Krishnan - 1997 - Nag Publisher.
    Classical commentary with supercommentary on Yogasutra of Patanjali; critical edition with exhaustive study.
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  10.  23
    Maya Moral and Ritual Discourse: Dialogical Groundings for Consuetudinary Law.Garry Sparks - 2018 - Journal of Religious Ethics 46 (1):88-123.
    Toward the end of the twentieth century, Highland Maya intellectuals and activists in Guatemala began to argue for the recognition of indigenous customary law, rooted in traditional Maya moral and ritual discourse. Such law is often in tension with the Western notion of rights that undergirds national and international treatises regarding indigenous peoples. This essay identifies three distinct but mutually engaged pairs of moral concepts—hot/cold, left/right, and favorable/not favorable—articulated through K'iche' Maya quotidian and ceremonial practices and speech. (...)
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  11. How Can Feminist Theories of Evidence Assist Clinical Reasoning and Decision-Making?Maya J. Goldenberg - 2013 - Social Epistemology (TBA):1-28.
    While most of healthcare research and practice fully endorses evidence-based healthcare, a minority view borrows popular themes from philosophy of science like underdetermination and value-ladenness to question the legitimacy of the evidence-based movement’s philosophical underpinnings. While the feminist origins go unacknowledged, those critics adopt a feminist reading of the “gap argument” to challenge the perceived objectivism of evidence-based practice. From there, the critics seem to despair over the “subjective elements” that values introduce to clinical reasoning, demonstrating that they do not (...)
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  12. Getting to the Bottom Line: An Exploration of Gender and Earnings Quality.Gopal V. Krishnan & Linda M. Parsons - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (1-2):65-76.
    For stakeholders, such as investors and lenders, to appropriately assess a company's financial performance, the reported accounting earnings must closely reflect the economic reality of the organization's financial activity throughout the reporting period. The degree to which reported earnings capture economic reality is called earnings quality. Managers have an ethical obligation to report high quality earnings to interested stakeholders in a timely matter. Accounting research has identified conditions within an organization, such as management compensation contracts and pending litigation that can (...)
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  13.  85
    Māyā and Becoming: Deleuze and Vedānta on Attributes, Acosmism, and Parallelism in Spinoza.Michael Hemmingsen - 2018 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 10 (3):238-250.
    This paper compares two readings of Baruch Spinoza – those of Gilles Deleuze and Rama Kanta Tripathi – with a particular focus on three features of Spinoza’s philosophy: the relationship between substance and attribute; the problem of acosmism and unity; and the problem of the parallelism of attributes. Deleuze and Tripathi’s understanding of these three issues in Spinoza’s thought illustrates for us their own concerns with becoming over substance and māyā, respectively. This investigation provides not just two interesting and contradictory (...)
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  14.  14
    Generality and Specificity in the Effects of Musical Expertise on Perception and Cognition.Daniel Carey, Stuart Rosen, Saloni Krishnan, Marcus T. Pearce, Alex Shepherd, Jennifer Aydelott & Frederic Dick - 2015 - Cognition 137:81-105.
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  15.  5
    Yukatek Maya Children's Attributions of Belief to Natural and Non-Natural Entities.Nicola Knight - 2008 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 8 (3-4):235-243.
    A sample of Yukatek Maya children was tested on their capacity to attribute false beliefs to a variety of stimuli, both natural and non-natural. Children's capacity to correctly infer that humans have limited perceptual access, and are, therefore, not likely to know what is inside a container if the contents have been surreptitiously replaced, is shown to have significant consequences. Children who passed the test with the human stimulus showed a nuanced capacity to attribute similar or dissimilar knowledge to (...)
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  16.  16
    Fault-Tolerant Sampled-Data Mixed ℋ∞and Passivity Control of Stochastic Systems and its Application.Maya Joby, R. Sakthivel, K. Mathiyalagan & S. Marshal Anthoni - 2016 - Complexity 21 (6):420-429.
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  17.  13
    The Precision Medicine Nation.Maya Sabatello & Paul S. Appelbaum - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (4):19-29.
    The United States’ ambitious Precision Medicine Initiative proposes to accelerate exponentially the adoption of precision medicine, an approach to health care that tailors disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention to individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle. It aims to achieve this by creating a cohort of volunteers for precision medicine research, accelerating biomedical research innovation, and adopting policies geared toward patients’ empowerment. As strategies to implement the PMI are formulated, critical consideration of the initiative's ethical and sociopolitical dimensions is needed. (...)
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  18.  40
    Padua: A Protocol for Argumentation Dialogue Using Association Rules. [REVIEW]Maya Wardeh, Trevor Bench-Capon & Frans Coenen - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (3):183-215.
    We describe PADUA, a protocol designed to support two agents debating a classification by offering arguments based on association rules mined from individual datasets. We motivate the style of argumentation supported by PADUA, and describe the protocol. We discuss the strategies and tactics that can be employed by agents participating in a PADUA dialogue. PADUA is applied to a typical problem in the classification of routine claims for a hypothetical welfare benefit. We particularly address the problems that arise from the (...)
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  19. Iconoclast or Creed? Objectivism, Pragmatism, and the Hierarchy of Evidence.Maya J. Goldenberg - 2009 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):168-187.
    Because “evidence” is at issue in evidence-based medicine (EBM), the critical responses to the movement have taken up themes from post-positivist philosophy of science to demonstrate the untenability of the objectivist account of evidence. While these post-positivist critiques seem largely correct, I propose that when they focus their analyses on what counts as evidence, the critics miss important and desirable pragmatic features of the evidence-based approach. This article redirects critical attention toward EBM’s rigid hierarchy of evidence as the culprit of (...)
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  20. Aus-Einander-Setzungzwischen Hermeneutik Und Dekonstruktion Und Gadamers Solidaritätsverständnis.Maya Shiratori - 2022 - Labyrinth: An International Journal for Philosophy, Value Theory and Sociocultural Hermeneutics 24 (1):37-66.
    Aus-einander-setzung between Hermeneutics and Deconstruction and Gadamer's Concept of Solidarity This paper will analyze the debate between Gadamer and Derrida and Gadamer's concept of solidarity. The previous research literature focused only on their first debate, which could only lead to limited results, even though the exchange between these two philosophers continued after the first debate. In addition, Gadamer revised a large part of his speech, which caused the first debate with Derrida, for publication. In this way, the accentuation of concepts (...)
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  21.  95
    The Maturing Field of Emotion Regulation.Maya Tamir - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):3-7.
  22.  13
    Finite-Time Stability of Fractional-Order Stochastic Singular Systems with Time Delay and White Noise.Kalidass Mathiyalagan & Krishnan Balachandran - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S2):370-379.
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  23.  19
    The Risk of Fraud in Family Firms: Assessments of External Auditors.Gopal Krishnan & Marietta Peytcheva - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (1):261-278.
    There is a dearth of business ethics research on family firms, despite the importance of such firms to the US economy. We answer Vazquez’s call to examine the intersection of family-firm research and business ethics, by investigating whether external auditors assess higher risk of fraud in family firms. We test the contradictory predictions of two dominant theoretical perspectives in family-firm research—entrenchment theory and alignment theory. We conduct an experiment with highly experienced external audit professionals, who assess the risk of fraud (...)
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  24.  30
    Neurobiological Basis of Language Learning Difficulties.Saloni Krishnan, Kate E. Watkins & Dorothy V. M. Bishop - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (9):701-714.
  25.  15
    Genomic Essentialism: Its Provenance and Trajectory as an Anticipatory Ethical Concern.Maya Sabatello & Eric Juengst - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (S1):S10-S18.
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  26.  20
    Ethical Professional Identity and the Development of Moral Exemplar Collegiate Coaches.Maya G. B. Hamilton & Nicole M. LaVoi - 2017 - Journal of Moral Education 46 (2):114-128.
    Coaches have the potential to influence athletes’ moral development, especially at the collegiate level—a powerful period of growth in young adults’ lives. As central agents in athlete moral education, coaches’ moral development and understanding of professionalism is currently unknown. The purpose of this study was to increase understanding of the ethical professional identity development of sport coaches. In-depth interviews based on moral exemplar and moral identity development theories were conducted with NCAA Division-I collegiate head coaches in the United States who (...)
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  27.  21
    Navigating a Social World with Robot Partners: A Quantitative Cartography of the Uncanny Valley.Maya B. Mathur & David B. Reichling - 2016 - Cognition 146:22-32.
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  28.  4
    An Open Dialogue on Health Disparities and Structural Racism: Response to Open Peer Commentaries.Maya Sabatello, Mary Jackson Scroggins, Greta Goto, Alicia Santiago, Alma McCormick, Kimberly Jacoby Morris, Christina R. Daulton, Carla L. Easter & Gwen Darien - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (9):W1-W3.
    In our target article, we proposed the use of community engagement and the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission as pathways for promoting social just...
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  29.  16
    Pediatric Participation in Medical Decision Making: Optimized or Personalized?Maya Sabatello, Annie Janvier, Eduard Verhagen, Wynne Morrison & John Lantos - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):1-3.
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  30.  64
    Evidence-Based Ethics? On Evidence-Based Practice and the "Empirical Turn" From Normative Bioethics.Maya J. Goldenberg - 2005 - BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):1-9.
    Background The increase in empirical methods of research in bioethics over the last two decades is typically perceived as a welcomed broadening of the discipline, with increased integration of social and life scientists into the field and ethics consultants into the clinical setting, however it also represents a loss of confidence in the typical normative and analytic methods of bioethics. Discussion The recent incipiency of "Evidence-Based Ethics" attests to this phenomenon and should be rejected as a solution to the current (...)
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  31.  17
    Stability and Hopf Bifurcation of a Diffusive Predator-Prey Model with Hyperbolic Mortality.Muniyagounder Sambath, Krishnan Balachandran & Murugan Suvinthra - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):34-43.
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  32.  36
    Evidence-Based Ethics? On Evidence-Based Practice and The.Maya J. Goldenberg - 2005 - BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):11.
    BackgroundThe increase in empirical methods of research in bioethics over the last two decades is typically perceived as a welcomed broadening of the discipline, with increased integration of social and life scientists into the field and ethics consultants into the clinical setting, however it also represents a loss of confidence in the typical normative and analytic methods of bioethics.DiscussionThe recent incipiency of "Evidence-Based Ethics" attests to this phenomenon and should be rejected as a solution to the current ambivalence toward the (...)
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  33. Whose Social Values? Evaluating Canada’s ‘Death of Evidence’ Controversy.Maya J. Goldenberg - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (3):404-424.
    With twentieth- and twenty-first-century philosophy of science’s unfolding acceptance of the nature of scientific inquiry being value-laden, the persistent worry has been that there are no means for legitimate negotiation of the social or non-epistemic values that enter into science. The rejection of the value-free ideal in science has thereby been coupled with the spectres of indiscriminate relativism and bias in scientific inquiry. I challenge this view in the context of recently expressed concerns regarding Canada's death of evidence controversy. The (...)
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  34.  9
    Trust, Precision Medicine Research, and Equitable Participation of Underserved Populations.Maya Sabatello, Shawneequa Callier, Nanibaa' A. Garrison & Elizabeth G. Cohn - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):34-36.
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  35.  18
    Attention Training Normalises Combat-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Effects on Emotional Stroop Performance Using Lexically Matched Word Lists.Maya M. Khanna, Amy S. Badura-Brack, Timothy J. McDermott, Alex Shepherd, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Daniel S. Pine, Yair Bar-Haim & Tony W. Wilson - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  36.  11
    Early Development of Turn-Taking in Vocal Interaction Between Mothers and Infants.Maya Gratier, Emmanuel Devouche, Bahia Guellai, Rubia Infanti, Ebru Yilmaz & Erika Parlato-Oliveira - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  37. Maya Deren: Incomplete Control.Sarah Keller - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Maya Deren was a Russian-born American filmmaker, theorist, poet, and photographer working at the forefront of the American avant-garde in the 1940s and 1950s. Influenced by Jean Cocteau and Marcel Duchamp, she is best known for her seminal film Meshes of the Afternoon, a dream-like experiment with time and symbol, looped narrative and provocative imagery, setting the stage for the twentieth-century's groundbreaking aesthetic movements and films. Maya Deren assesses both the filmmaker's completed work and her numerous unfinished projects, (...)
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  38.  17
    How Maya Women Respond to Changing Technology.Karen L. Kramer & Garnett P. McMillan - 1998 - Human Nature 9 (2):205-223.
    In the mid 1970s labor-saving technology was introduced into a Maya subsistence agricultural community that markedly increased the efficiency with which maize could be ground and water collected. This increased efficiency introduces a possible savings in the time that women allocate to work, which can be reapportioned to child care, food production, domestic work, or leisure. An earlier study suggested that this labor-saving technology had a positive effect in decreasing the age at which these Maya women begin their (...)
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  39.  1
    Corporeality: Emergent Consciousness Within its Spatial Dimensions.Maya Nanitchkova Öztürk - 2014 - Editions Rodopi.
    Corporeality: Emergent consciousness within its spatial dimensions develops our understanding of what we can experience through our bodies in relation to the space around us. Rather than considering architecture as being about manifestation and mediation of fixed meanings, the book focuses instead on architectural space as a field that envelopes us incessantly, intimately, and affectively. We are in immediate contact with that space, and the way we relate to it determines how we are able to grasp the realities of the (...)
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  40.  38
    Comment on Jamieson, Hangen, Lee, and Yaeager: What Should We Regulate to Promote Adaptive Functioning and How?Maya Tamir - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (1):65-67.
    Jamieson, Hangen, Lee, and Yaeager present their empirical findings as evidence for the effects of reappraising arousal on affective responses. This comment highlights the important contribution of the research by Jamieson and colleagues, but offers alternative ways of conceptualizing it.
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  41.  12
    Raising Genomic Citizens: Adolescents and the Return of Secondary Genomic Findings.Maya Sabatello & Paul S. Appelbaum - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (2):292-308.
    Whole genome and exome sequencing techniques raise hope for a new scale of diagnosis, prevention, and prediction of genetic conditions, and improved care for children. For these hopes to materialize, extensive genomic research with children will be needed. However, the use of WGS/WES in pediatric research settings raises considerable challenges for families, researchers, and policy development. In particular, the possibility that these techniques will generate genetic findings unrelated to the primary goal of sequencing has stirred intense debate about whether, which, (...)
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  42. Why Four-Dimensionalism Explains Coincidence.Maya Eddon - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):721-728.
    In "Does Four-Dimensionalism Explain Coincidence" Mark Moyer argues that there is no reason to prefer the four-dimensionalist (or perdurantist) explanation of coincidence to the three-dimensionalist (or endurantist) explanation. I argue that Moyer's formulations of perdurantism and endurantism lead him to overlook the perdurantist's advantage. A more satisfactory formulation of these views reveals a puzzle of coincidence that Moyer does not consider, and the perdurantist's treatment of this puzzle is clearly preferable.
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  43.  40
    Impact of Mba Education on Students' Values: Two Longitudinal Studies. [REVIEW]Venkat R. Krishnan - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):233 - 246.
    The impact of 2-year residential fulltime MBA program on students’ values was studied using a longitudinal design and data collected over 7 years from a business school in India. Values were measured when students entered the program, and again when they graduated. Sample in Study 1 consisted of 229 students from three consecutive graduating classes. Rank-order or ipsative measure of values was used. Results of matched sample t-tests show that self-oriented values like a comfortable life and pleasure become more important (...)
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  44.  17
    Māyā in Radhakrishnanʼs Thought: Six Meanings Other Than Illusion.Donald A. Braue - 1984 - Motilal Banarsidass.
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  45.  12
    Impact of MBA Education on Students’ Values: Two Longitudinal Studies.Venkat R. Krishnan - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):233-246.
    The impact of 2-year residential fulltime MBA program on students' values was studied using a longitudinal design and data collected over 7 years from a business school in India. Values were measured when students entered the program, and again when they graduated. Sample in Study 1 consisted of 229 students from three consecutive graduating classes. Rank-order or ipsative measure of values was used. Results of matched sample t-tests show that self-oriented values like a comfortable life and pleasure become more important (...)
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  46. Effects of Statistical Learning in Passive and Active Contexts on Reproduction and Recognition of Auditory Sequences.Saloni Krishnan, Daniel Carey, Frederic Dick & Marcus T. Pearce - 2022 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 151 (3):555-577.
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  47.  20
    How Can Feminist Theories of Evidence Assist Clinical Reasoning and Decision-Making?Maya J. Goldenberg - 2015 - Social Epistemology 29 (1):3-30.
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  48.  60
    Grape Expectations: The Role of Cognitive Influences in Color–Flavor Interactions.Maya U. Shankar, Carmel A. Levitan & Charles Spence - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):380-390.
    Color conveys critical information about the flavor of food and drink by providing clues as to edibility, flavor identity, and flavor intensity. Despite the fact that more than 100 published papers have investigated the influence of color on flavor perception in humans, surprisingly little research has considered how cognitive and contextual constraints may mediate color–flavor interactions. In this review, we argue that the discrepancies demonstrated in previously-published color–flavor studies may, at least in part, reflect differences in the sensory expectations that (...)
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  49.  53
    Functional Links Between Intimate Partner Violence and Animal Abuse: Personality Features and Representations of Aggression.Maya Gupta - 2008 - Society and Animals 16 (3):223-242.
    Acts of intimate partner violence and abuse of nonhuman animals are common, harmful, and co-occurring phenomena. The aim of the present study was to identify perpetrator subtypes based on variable paths hypothesized to influence physical violence toward both partners and nonhuman animals: callousness and instrumental representations of aggression and rejection-sensitivity and expressive representations of aggression. Strong associations emerged between callousness and instrumental representations and between rejection-sensitivity and expressive representations. For males, callousness directly predicted both IPV and animal abuse. For females, (...)
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  50.  78
    From Popperian Science to Normal Science. Commentary on Sestini (2009) 'Epistemology and Ethics of Evidence‐Based Medicine'.Maya J. Goldenberg - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (2):306-309.
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