Results for 'Matthew Stewart Rukgaber'

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  1.  47
    The Influence of Clause Order, Congruency, and Probability on the Processing of Conditionals.Matthew Haigh & Andrew J. Stewart - 2011 - Thinking and Reasoning 17 (4):402 - 423.
    Conditional information can be equally asserted in the forms if p, then q (e.g., ?if I am ill, I will miss work tomorrow?) and q, if p (e.g., ?I will miss work tomorrow, if I am ill?). While this type of clause order manipulation has previously been found to have no influence on the ultimate conclusions participants draw from conditional rules, we used self-paced reading to examine how it affects the real time incremental processing of everyday conditional statements. Experiment 1 (...)
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  2.  22
    Sexual Meaning and Social Pathology: Merleau-Ponty Contra Sartre.Matthew Rukgaber & Rukgaber Matthew S. - 2020 - Études Phénoménologiques 1 (4):201-224.
    This article explores the importance of Merleau-Ponty’s account of sexuality for his early theories of existence and expression. The holistic, social, and plural nature of expressive human behavior, which is elaborated in The Structure of Behavior, is used to argue against criticisms that his early works remain stuck in naturalism. Upon this theory of expression and through a close reading of 'Le corps comme être sexué' chapter of the Phenomenology of Perception, many classic criticisms of his phenomenology of sexuality are (...)
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  3.  15
    Immaterial Spirits and the Reform of First Philosophy: The Compatibility of Kant’s Pre-Critical Metaphysics with the Arguments in Dreams of a Spirit-Seer.Matthew Rukgaber - 2018 - Journal of the History of Ideas 79 (3):363-383.
  4.  14
    The Courtier and the Heretic: Leibniz, Spinoza, and the Fate of God in the Modern World. By Matthew Stewart.Patrick Madigan - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (1):145-146.
  5. “The Key to Transcendental Philosophy”: Space, Time and the Body in Kant.Matthew S. Rukgaber - 2009 - Kant-Studien 100 (2):166-186.
    The thesis of this essay is that Kant's theory of the “forms of intuition” can be regarded as an account of the structure of our embodied perspective. The ideality and subjectivity of space is concluded to be an account of the perspective relative nature of the figure-ground relationship or how it is that objects emerge for us in empirical experience as being orientated in a spatio-temporal field. Time is regarded similarly as the event-series relationship. The significant role of embodiment in (...)
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  6.  30
    The Implied Theodicy of Kant’s Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason : Love as a Response to Radical Evil.Matthew Rukgaber - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (2):213-233.
    This article begins with a brief survey of Kant’s pre-Critical and Critical approaches to theodicy. I maintain that his theodical response of moral faith during the Critical period appears to be a dispassionate version of what Leibniz called Fatum Christianum. Moral rationality establishes the existence and goodness of God and translates into an endless and unwavering commitment to following the moral law. I then argue that Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason offers a revision of Kant’s 1791 conception of (...)
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  7.  19
    Spinoza, in the Vernacular?: Betraying Spinoza: The Renegade Jew Who Gave Us Modernity, by Rebecca Goldstein. New York: Schocken, 2006. 304 Pp. $19.95 . The Courtier and the Heretic: Leibniz, Spinoza, and the Fate of God in the Modern World, by Matthew Stewart. New York: Norton, 2006. 320 Pp. $15.95. [REVIEW]Christopher Skeaff - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (1):174-180.
  8.  20
    Irrationality and Self-Deception Within Kant’s Grades of Evil.Matthew S. Rukgaber - 2015 - Kant-Studien 106 (2):234-258.
    Scholars have failed to adequately distinguish Kant’s grades of evil: frailty (weakness of will), impurity, and depravity. I argue that the only way to distinguish them is, f irstly, to recognize that frailty is explicitly, practically irrational and not caused by any sort of self-deception. Instead, it is caused by the radical evil that Kant finds within the character of all persons. Secondly, impurity can only be understood to be self-deception either about the nature of the act itself, which results (...)
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  9.  36
    Kant’s Criticisms of Ontological and Onto-Theological Arguments for the Existence of God.Matthew Rukgaber - 2014 - Kant Yearbook 6 (1).
    Kant’s objection to the ontological argument in the first Critique is thought to be contained within the claim that ‘existence is not a predicate’. This article maintains that this ‘digression’ on existence is not Kant’s main objection. Instead, Kant argues within the first eight paragraphs of this fourteen paragraph section that there is no meaningful predication – either logical or real – without a synthetic, existential judgment concerning the subject of predication. Thus, the very subject of predication of the proof (...)
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  10.  2
    Matthew Rukgaber, Space, Time, and the Origins of Transcendental Idealism: Immanuel Kant’s Philosophy From 1747 to 1770. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020 Pp. 284. ISBN 9783030607418 (Hbk) €103.99. [REVIEW]Edward Slowik - 2021 - Kantian Review 26 (4):657-660.
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  11.  46
    Philosophical Anthropology, Shame, and Disability: In Favor of an Interpersonal Theory of Shame.Matthew S. Rukgaber - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (4):743-765.
    This article argues against a leading cognitivist and moral interpretation of shame that is present in the philosophical literature. That standard view holds that shame is the felt-response to a loss of self-esteem, which is the result of negative self-assessment. I hold that shame is a heteronomous and primitive bodily affect that is perceptual rather than judgmental in nature. Shame results from the breakdown and thwarting of our desire for anonymous, unexceptional, and disattentive co-existence with others. I use the sociological (...)
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  12.  30
    Space, Time, and the Origins of Transcendental Idealism: Immanuel Kant’s Philosophy From 1747 to 1770.Matthew Rukgaber - 2020 - Palgrave Macmillan.
    This book provides an account of the unity of Immanuel Kant’s early metaphysics, including the moment he invents transcendental idealism. Matthew Rukgaber argues that a division between “two worlds”—the world of matter, force, and space on the one hand, and the world of metaphysical substances with inner states and principles preserved by God on the other—is what guides Kant’s thought. Until 1770 Kant consistently held a conception of space as a force-based material product of monads that are only (...)
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  13.  77
    The "Sovereign Individual" and the "Ascetic Ideal": On a Perennial Misreading of the Second Essay of Nietzsche's On the Genealogy of Morality.Matthew Rukgaber - 2012 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 43 (2):213-239.
    The "sovereign individual" (hereafter, the SI) is almost universally held to be part of Nietzsche's positive ethical ideal.1 Focus on this isolated description at the start of the second essay of On the Genealogy of Morality results in a reconstruction of Nietzschean personhood and ethics based on the capacity to make and keep promises. For example, the SI has been used to understand us as "self-conscious beings capable of standing in autonomous ethical relations to ourselves" with a "fundamental duty" to (...)
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  14.  43
    Guns as Lies.Matthew Rukgaber - 2017 - The Acorn 17 (2):119-141.
    Using Kant’s argument that lies are evil and reprehensible in themselves regardless of the benefits that may result, I show that guns can be understood in similar terms. In a unique reading of Kant’s radical and often ridiculed ideas, I maintain that lies have this status because of the way they pervert our relationship to the truth and thus to morality and reason. Lies turn truth and reason into mere means to be used rather than to be obeyed. Kant believes (...)
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  15. Time and Metaphysics: Kant and McTaggart on the Reality of Time.Matthew Rukgaber - 2010 - Kant Yearbook 2 (1):175-194.
    I use Kant's theory of the transcendental ideality of time to answer McTaggart's argument for the unreality of time. McTaggart's argument is that the atemporal C-series (the logical atoms of all moments) must be regarded as the metaphysical foundation of the B-series, the non-dynamic world of objective temporal relations of events being earlier or later than others. That B-series (having a qualitative aspect that is not indifferent to the direction of time) is essentially an ossification of the A-series--the dynamic flow (...)
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  16.  30
    The Asymmetry of Space: Kant’s Theory of Absolute Space in 1768.Matthew S. Rukgaber - 2016 - Kantian Review 21 (3):415-435.
    I propose that we interpret Kant’s argument from incongruent counterparts in the 1768 article ‘Concerning the Ultimate Ground of the Differentiation of Directions in Space’ in light of a theory of dynamic absolute space that he accepted throughout the 1750s and 1760s. This force-based or material conception of space was not an unusual interpretation of the Newtonian notion of absolute space. Nevertheless, commentators have continually argued that Kant’s argument is an utter failure that shifts from the metaphysics of space to (...)
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  17.  22
    Hegel’s Theory of Terrorism and Derrida’s Notion of Autoimmunity: Religious and Political Violence in the Name of Nothingness.Matthew Rukgaber - 2018 - Hegel Bulletin 39 (2):280-303.
  18.  32
    Phenomenological Film Theory and Max Scheler’s Personalist Aesthetics.Matthew Rukgaber - 2016 - Studia Phaenomenologica 16:215-240.
    Max Scheler never published a theory of art, but his aesthetics, like the rest of his thought, occupies an intriguing position that links early phenomenology, Catholic personalist thought, and philosophical anthropology. His metaphysics of the person and theory of value, when combined with his account of the lived-body and of our access to other minds through love, translates into a powerful, humanistic theory of art. This article elaborates what Scheler’s aesthetics would look like had he developed it and applied it (...)
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  19.  11
    Peace and the Unity of Kant’s Critical Project. [REVIEW]Matthew Rukgaber - 2019 - The Acorn 19 (1):43-47.
    Rossi’s book tackles the challenging task of giving a unified picture of a large swath of Kant’s Critical philosophy by attending to the need for epistemic humility from the first Critique, drawing upon the primacy of practical reason and the importance of freedom in both the first and second Critiques, appealing to the anthropological task that Kant set for himself in the Jaesche Logic and Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View, exploring the implications of politics and history for the (...)
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  20.  19
    Social Phenomenology, Mass-Society and the Individual in Hegel and Heidegger.Matthew Rukgaber - 2017 - Hegel Bulletin 38 (1):129-149.
    This article argues that Hegel’s dialectic of wealth and power in the stage of social development called ‘culture’ (Bildung) reveals that even in moments of profound social alienation, Spirit (Geist)—the labor of constructing identity and freedom— remains. This stands in sharp contrast to Heidegger’s theory of alienation and Dasein’s ‘publicity’ (Offentlichkeit), which paints modern social existence as a profound threat to the very ‘Being’ and ‘possibilities’ of human life. The supposed threats of inauthenticity and mass existence are, from a Hegelian (...)
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  21.  17
    Kant's Ontology: Reality and the Formal Structure of the First Person Perspective.Matthew S. Rukgaber - 2009 - Dissertation, University of Illinois
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  22. Nietzsche in Hollywood: Images of the Übermensch in Early American Cinema.Matthew Rukgaber - 2022 - Albany, NY, USA: State University of New York Press.
    ISBN 978-1-4384-9027-4 Argues that Nietzsche’s idea of the Übermensch was a central concern of filmmakers in the 1920s and 1930s. -/- Nietzsche in Hollywood offers a compelling and startling history of Hollywood film in which the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche and his idea of the Übermensch looms large. Though Nietzsche’s philosophy was attacked as egoistic and a sociopathic version of Darwinism in films from the 1910s, it undergoes a series of cinematic and philosophical transformations in the 1920s and 1930s under (...)
     
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  23. Stewart, Matthew. El hereje y el cortesano. Spinoza, Leibniz, y el destino de Dios en el mundo moderno. [REVIEW]Jorge Aurelio Díaz - 2013 - Ideas Y Valores 62 (151):282-283.
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  24. What Do Brain Data Really Show?Valerie Gray Hardcastle & C. Matthew Stewart - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (3):572-582.
    There is a bias in neuroscience toward localizing and modularizing brain functions. Single cell recording, imaging studies, and the study of neurological deficits all feed into the Gallian view that different brain areas do different things and the things being done are confined to particular processing streams. At the same time, there is a growing sentiment that brains probably don’t work like that after all; it is better to conceive of them as fundamentally distributed units, multi‐tasking at every level. This (...)
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  25.  24
    Counterfactual Plausibility and Comparative Similarity.L. Stanley Matthew, W. Stewart Gregory & Brigard Felipe De - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S5):1216-1228.
    Counterfactual thinking involves imagining hypothetical alternatives to reality. Philosopher David Lewis argued that people estimate the subjective plausibility that a counterfactual event might have occurred by comparing an imagined possible world in which the counterfactual statement is true against the current, actual world in which the counterfactual statement is false. Accordingly, counterfactuals considered to be true in possible worlds comparatively more similar to ours are judged as more plausible than counterfactuals deemed true in possible worlds comparatively less similar. Although Lewis (...)
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  26.  6
    Perspective: Evolution of Control Variables and Policies for Closed-Loop Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease Using Bidirectional Deep-Brain-Computer Interfaces.Helen M. Bronte-Stewart, Matthew N. Petrucci, Johanna J. O’Day, Muhammad Furqan Afzal, Jordan E. Parker, Yasmine M. Kehnemouyi, Kevin B. Wilkins, Gerrit C. Orthlieb & Shannon L. Hoffman - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  27.  27
    Stewart, Matthew. El hereje y el cortesano. Spinoza y Leibniz, y el destino de Dios en el mundo moderno. Sarret, J. (trad.). [REVIEW]Jorge Aurelio Díaz - 2013 - Ideas Y Valores 62 (151):282-283.
    El presente trabajo investiga las tesis sobre el poder civil de Alonso de la Veracruz que buscan incorporar en la comunidad política española a los habitantes autóctonos del Nuevo Mundo, tesis que suelen relacionarse con F. de Vitoria y el tomismo español, y que últimamente son consideradas parte del republicanismo novohispano elaborado desde la periferia americana. Se busca demostrar que su propósito era aplicar una teoría de derechos naturales, sin que ello implique participación política de los indios americanos. Se analiza (...)
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  28.  36
    Emotional Intensity in Episodic Autobiographical Memory and Counterfactual Thinking.Matthew L. Stanley, Natasha Parikh, Gregory W. Stewart & Felipe De Brigard - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:283-291.
  29.  1
    Not-for-Profit Law: Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives.Matthew Harding, Ann O'Connell & Miranda Stewart (eds.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The law and policy applicable to the not-for-profit sector is of growing importance around the world. In this book, legal experts address fundamental questions about not-for-profit law from a range of theoretical and comparative perspectives. The essays provide scholarly analysis of not-for-profit law, organised around four themes: Politics, in the broader sense of living as a community, and the narrower sense of political power; Charity, how it is defined and changes in its meaning over time; Taxation, including the rationale for (...)
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  30. An Aesthetic Education Against Aesthetic Education.Stewart Martin & Matthew Charles - 2007 - Radical Philosophy 141:39.
     
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  31.  15
    Review of Jon Stewart, Kierkegaard's Relation to Hegel Reconsidered[REVIEW]Matthew Edgar - 2004 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2004 (6).
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  32. Theory Structure in Neuroscience.Valerie Gray Hardcastle & C. Matthew Stewart - 2001 - In Peter K. Machamer, Peter McLaughlin & Rick Grush (eds.), Theory and Method in the Neurosciences. University of Pittsburgh Press.
     
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  33.  64
    Neuroscience and the Art of Single Cell Recordings.Valerie Gray Hardcastle & C. Matthew Stewart - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (1):195-208.
    This article examines how scientists move from physical measurementsto actual observation of single-cell recordings in the brain. We highlight how easy it is to change the fundamental nature of ourobservations using accepted methodological techniques for manipulatingraw data. Collecting single-cell data is thoroughly pragmatic. Weconclude that there is no deep or interesting difference betweenaccounting for observations by measurements and accounting forobservations by theories.
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  34.  23
    Evaluating Differential Predictions of Emotional Reactivity During Repeated 20% Carbon Dioxide-Enriched Air Challenge.Michael J. Zvolensky, Matthew T. Feldner, Georg H. Eifert & Sherry H. Stewart - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (6):767-786.
  35.  11
    Affective Theory of Mind Inferences Contextually Influence the Recognition of Emotional Facial Expressions.Suzanne L. K. Stewart, Astrid Schepman, Matthew Haigh, Rhian McHugh & Andrew J. Stewart - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (2):272-287.
    ABSTRACTThe recognition of emotional facial expressions is often subject to contextual influence, particularly when the face and the context convey similar emotions. We investigated whether spontaneous, incidental affective theory of mind inferences made while reading vignettes describing social situations would produce context effects on the identification of same-valenced emotions as well as differently-valenced emotions conveyed by subsequently presented faces. Crucially, we found an effect of context on reaction times in both experiments while, in line with previous work, we found evidence (...)
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  36.  80
    Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Shame: Methods, Theories, Norms, Cultures, and Politics.Cecilea Mun, Dolichan Kollareth, Laura Candiotto, Matthew Rukgaber, Daniel Richard Herbert, Alba Montes Sánchez, Lisa Cassidy, Mikko Salmela & Julian Honkasalo - 2019 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Shame is one of the most stigmatized and stigmatizing of emotions. Often characterized as an emotion in which the subject holds a global, negative self-assessment, shame is typically understood to mark the subject as being inadequate in some way, and a sizable amount of work on shame focuses on its problematic or unhealthy aspects, effects, or consequences. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Shame brings into view a more balanced understanding of what shame is and its value and social function. The contributors recognize (...)
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  37.  1
    What Determines the Perception of Segmentation in Contemporary Music?Michelle Phillips, Andrew J. Stewart, J. Matthew Wilcoxson, Luke A. Jones, Emily Howard, Pip Willcox, Marcus du Sautoy & David De Roure - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  38.  9
    Review of Wanda Teays, John-Stewart Gordon, and Alison Dundes Renteln, Eds., Global Bioethics and Human Rights: Contemporary Issues. [REVIEW]Matthew DeCamp - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (2):3-4.
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  39. Localization in the Brain and Other Illusions.Valerie Gray Hardcastle & C. Matthew Stewart - 2005 - In Andrew Brook (ed.), Cognition and the Brain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  40.  23
    Reply to: Amichai Amit, Ikbal Bozkaya, S. Stewart Braun, Kristina Gehrman, Richard Hamilton, Matthew Sharpe, Will Small, Matthew Stichter, Denise Vigani, Tiger Zheng.Julia Annas - 2021 - Journal of Value Inquiry 55 (2):387-395.
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  41.  24
    Kenneth Quickenden;, Sally Baggott;, Malcolm Dick . Matthew Boulton: Enterprising Industrialist of the Enlightenment. Xviii + 294 Pp., App., Bibl., Index. Surrey: Ashgate Publishing, 2013. $124.95. [REVIEW]Larry Stewart - 2014 - Isis 105 (1):225-226.
  42. Augustine and Social Justice.Mary T. Clark, Aaron Conley, María Teresa Dávila, Mark Doorley, Todd French, J. Burton Fulmer, Jennifer Herdt, Rodolfo Hernandez-Diaz, John Kiess, Matthew J. Pereira, Siobhan Nash-Marshall, Edmund N. Santurri, George Schmidt, Sarah Stewart-Kroeker, Sergey Trostyanskiy, Darlene Weaver & William Werpehowski - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This volume examines some of the most contentious social justice issues present in the corpus of Augustine's writings. Whether one is concerned with human trafficking and the contemporary slave trade, the global economy, or endless wars, these essays further the conversation on social justice as informed by the writings of Augustine of Hippo.
     
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  43.  2
    Big Data, Social Physics, and Spatial Analysis: The Early Years.Matthew W. Wilson & Trevor J. Barnes - 2014 - Big Data and Society 1 (1).
    This paper examines one of the historical antecedents of Big Data, the social physics movement. Its origins are in the scientific revolution of the 17th century in Western Europe. But it is not named as such until the middle of the 19th century, and not formally institutionalized until another hundred years later when it is associated with work by George Zipf and John Stewart. Social physics is marked by the belief that large-scale statistical measurement of social variables reveals underlying (...)
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  44.  80
    Relational Autonomy as an Essential Component of Patient-Centered Care.Carolyn Ells, Matthew R. Hunt & Jane Chambers-Evans - 2011 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):79-101.
    Over the past decade, patient-centered care has become increasingly prominent in discussions of health-care practice, policy, and organization. Patient-centered care is a holistic concept whereby health professionals individualize their encounters with each patient (Stewart 2001). Decision-making strategies, recommendations, and plans of care are all devised and acted upon in relation to the particular patient. The patient is assumed to have a unique configuration of elements comprising her identity, illness experience, and physical, social, and environmental context. While partnership is understood (...)
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  45.  59
    Cohen on ‘Epistemic’.Matthew McGrath - 2016 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 59 (7-8):889-905.
    Stewart Cohen offers a critique of much contemporary epistemology. Epistemologies use the term ‘epistemic’ in order to specify the issues they investigate and about which they disagree. Cohen sees widespread confusion about these issues. The problem, he argues, is that ‘epistemic’ is functioning as an inadequately defined technical term. I will argue, rather, that the troubles come more from non-technical vocabulary, in particular with ‘justification’ and ‘ought’, and generally from the difficulty of explaining normativity. Overall, the message of this (...)
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  46.  9
    We’Ll Make a Man Out of You Yet: The Masculinity of Peter in the Book of Acts.Eric Stewart - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (4).
    According to scholars of masculinity studies, manhood is won or lost through the performance of gender-based expectations. In any given culture, masculinities exist in hierarchal relationships. The author of the book of Acts shows Peter demonstrating elite masculine performances in the narrative of Acts. Through Peter’s self-control, and the lack of self-control on the part of those who oppose him, his persuasive, public speech and his ability to control others in the text, Peter exhibits a masculinity that contradicts early portraits (...)
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  47.  13
    Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West. [REVIEW]Larry Stewart - 2002 - Isis 93:304-305.
    For those in the so‐called G‐7, G‐8, or G‐20, searching for the formula for economic takeoff, this is a book that deserves a reckoning. It explores the “role of culture,” which hitherto has had “no place in traditional economic explanations” of the history of industrial achievement. It is in the cultural and epistemological transformation of the eighteenth century that Margaret Jacob finds the foundation of industrial revolution. Jacob thereby dismisses the myth of the accidental genius or the inspired semiliterate backyard (...)
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  48.  13
    The Philosophical Society of Edinburgh 1748–1768.Roger L. Emerson - 1981 - British Journal for the History of Science 14 (2):133-176.
    The Philosophical Society of Edinburgh which had flourished for a few years after 1738 was as good as dead in 1748. Lord Morton, its President, now lived most of the time in London whence he wrote to Sir John Clerk in 1747 that he regarded the Society as ‘annihilated’, apparently thinking that the death of Colin MacLaurin in 1746 and the temporary retirement to the countryside of its other Secretary, Andrew Plummer, had put an end to it. Sir John had (...)
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  49.  55
    Leibniz lecteur de Spinoza. La genèse d'une opposition complexe (review).Justin Erik Halldór Smith - 2010 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 108-110.
    This book is a significant accomplishment, and for now the most comprehensive intervention in a debate that has been more than three hundred years in the making. At least since Pierre Bayle, commentators have imagined a sort of paradox in the pairing of Spinoza’s irreproachable way of life with his scandalous philosophy, in contrast with the perfect fit between Leibniz’s optimism for the status quo with his supposedly opportunistic relation to his courtly benefactors. Together with these biographical coordinates, to which (...)
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  50. II—Matthew Boyle: Transparent Self-Knowledge.Matthew Boyle - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):223-241.
    I distinguish two ways of explaining our capacity for ‘transparent’ knowledge of our own present beliefs, perceptions, and intentions: an inferential and a reflective approach. Alex Byrne (2011) has defended an inferential approach, but I argue that this approach faces a basic difficulty, and that a reflective approach avoids the difficulty. I conclude with a brief sketch and defence of a reflective approach to our transparent self-knowledge, and I show how this approach is connected with the thesis that we must (...)
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