Results for 'Matthew R. Kelley'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  40
    Gender Differences When Subjective Probabilities Affect Risky Decisions: An Analysis From the Television Game Show Cash Cab. [REVIEW]Matthew R. Kelley & Robert J. Lemke - 2015 - Theory and Decision 78 (1):153-170.
    This study uses the television show Cash Cab as a natural experiment to investigate gender differences in decision making under uncertainty. As expected, men are much more likely to accept the end-of-game gamble than are women, but men and women appear to weigh performance variables differently when relying on subjective probabilities. At best men base their risky decisions on general aspects of their previous “good” play (not all of which is relevant at the time the decision is made) and at (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. When Inferring to a Conspiracy Might Be the Best Explanation.Matthew R. X. Dentith - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (5-6):572-591.
    Conspiracy theories are typically thought to be examples of irrational beliefs, and thus unlikely to be warranted. However, recent work in Philosophy has challenged the claim that belief in conspiracy theories is irrational, showing that in a range of cases, belief in conspiracy theories is warranted. However, it is still often said that conspiracy theories are unlikely relative to non-conspiratorial explanations which account for the same phenomena. However, such arguments turn out to rest upon how we define what gets counted (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  3. The Problem of Conspiracism.Matthew R. X. Dentith - 2018 - Argumenta 3 (2):327-343.
    Belief in conspiracy theories is typically considered irrational, and as a consequence of this, conspiracy theorists––those who dare believe some conspiracy theory––have been charged with a variety of epistemic or psychological failings. Yet recent philosophical work has challenged the view that belief in conspiracy theories should be considered as typically irrational. By performing an intra-group analysis of those people we call “conspiracy theorists”, we find that the problematic traits commonly ascribed to the general group of conspiracy theorists turn out to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  4.  64
    What is Embodiment? A Psychometric Approach.Matthew R. Longo, Friederike Schüür, Marjolein P. M. Kammers, Manos Tsakiris & Patrick Haggard - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):978-998.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   104 citations  
  5. Secrecy and Conspiracy.Matthew R. X. Dentith & Martin Orr - 2017 - Episteme 15 (4):433-450.
    In the literature on conspiracy theories, the least contentious part of the academic discourse would appear to be what we mean by a “conspiracy”: a secretive plot between two or more people toward some end. Yet what, exactly, is the connection between something being a conspiracy and it being secret? Is it possible to conspire without also engaging in secretive behavior? To dissect the role of secrecy in con- spiracies – and thus contribute to the larger debate on the epistemology (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  6.  25
    Chunking as a Rational Strategy for Lossy Data Compression in Visual Working Memory.Matthew R. Nassar, Julie C. Helmers & Michael J. Frank - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (4):486-511.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  7.  16
    Donald R. Kelley. "Versions of History From Antiquity to the Enlightenment". [REVIEW]Patrick H. Hutton - 1993 - New Vico Studies 11:111.
  8.  32
    Taking Conspiracy Theories Seriously.Matthew R. X. Dentith (ed.) - 2018 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    The contributors to this volume argue that whilst there is a commonplace superstition conspiracy theories are examples of bad beliefs (and that the kind of people who believe conspiracy theories are typically irrational), many conspiracy theories are rational to believe: the members of the Dewey Commission were right to say that the Moscow Trials of the 1930s were a sham; Woodward and Bernstein were correct to think that Nixon was complicit in the conspiracy to deny any wrongdoing in the Watergate (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  42
    Ensuring Validity in the Measurement of Corporate Social Performance: Lessons From Corporate United Way and Pac Campaigns. [REVIEW]Bradley R. Agle & Patricia C. Kelley - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 31 (3):271 - 284.
    Building on philosophy of science literature and two original studies, this paper argues for the necessity of incorporating all three portions of Wood''s (1991) theoretical model of corporate social performance (CSP) into its measurement. It begins by describing the two studies of an organizational phenomenon not commonly studied – internal fund drives to employees. Insights from these studies of corporate PAC and United Way campaigns are then used to illustrate how important it is to incorporate all three portions of Wood''s (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  10.  25
    The Maudsley Reader in Phenomenological Psychiatry.Matthew R. Broome (ed.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Brings together and interprets previously hard-to-find texts, new translations and passages detailing the interplay between philosophy and psychopathology.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  11. Treating Conspiracy Theories Seriously: A Reply to Basham on Dentith.Matthew R. X. Dentith - 2016 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 5 (9):1-5.
    A response to Lee Basham's 'The Need for Accountable Witnesses: A Reply to Dentith'.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12.  51
    Ethics Beyond Borders: How Health Professionals Experience Ethics in Humanitarian Assistance and Development Work.Matthew R. Hunt - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):59-69.
    Health professionals are involved in humanitarian assistance and development work in many regions of the world. They participate in primary health care, immunization campaigns, clinic- and hospital-based care, rehabilitation and feeding programs. In the course of this work, clinicians are frequently exposed to complex ethical issues. This paper examines how health workers experience ethics in the course of humanitarian assistance and development work. A qualitative study was conducted to consider this question. Five core themes emerged from the data, including: tension (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  13. In Defence of Particularism: A Reply to Stokes.Matthew R. X. Dentith - 2016 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 5 (11):27-33.
    A reply to Patrick Stokes' “Between Generalism and Particularism About Conspiracy Theory".
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  27
    The Image of God and Moral Action: Challenging the Practicality of the Imago Dei.Matthew R. Petrusek - 2017 - Studies in Christian Ethics 30 (1):60-82.
    This article poses a challenge to the assumption that all conceptions of the imago Dei are practical, meaning that they can coherently provide a guide for human action. The article identifies three criteria for practicality and applies them to two accounts of the imago, one in the thought of the twentieth-century theologian Helmut Thielicke, the other in the Roman Catholic tradition. It argues that Thielicke’s account of the imago, which forms the basis for what he calls ‘alien dignity’, fails to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  15.  15
    Arousal (but Not Valence) Amplifies the Impact of Salience.Matthew R. Sutherland & Mara Mather - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):616-622.
    Previous findings indicate that negative arousal enhances bottom-up attention biases favouring perceptual salient stimuli over less salient stimuli. The current study tests whether those effects were driven by emotional arousal or by negative valence by comparing how well participants could identify visually presented letters after hearing either a negative arousing, positive arousing or neutral sound. On each trial, some letters were presented in a high contrast font and some in a low contrast font, creating a set of targets that differed (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  16. Historians and Ideologues Essays in Honor of Donald R. Kelley.Donald R. Kelley, Anthony Grafton & J. H. M. Salmon - 2001
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  15
    Seeing the Body Distorts Tactile Size Perception.Matthew R. Longo & Renata Sadibolova - 2013 - Cognition 126 (3):475-481.
  18.  19
    Intentional (Nation‐)States: A Group‐Agency Problem for the State’s Right to Exclude.Matthew R. Joseph - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 38 (1):73-87.
    Most philosophical defences of the state’s right to exclude immigrants derive their strength from the normative importance of self-determination. If nation-states are taken to be the political institutions of a people, then the state’s right to exclude is the people’s right to exclude – and a denial of this right constitutes an abridgement of self-determination. In this paper, I argue that this view of self-determination does not cohere with a group-agency view of nation-states. On the group-agency view that I defend, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19. Clearing Up Some Conceptual Confusions About Conspiracy Theory Theorising.Matthew R. X. Dentith & Martin Orr - 2017 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 6 (1):9-16.
    A reply to Gérald Bronner, Véronique Campion-Vincent, Sylvain Delouvée, Sebastian Dieguez, Nicolas Gauvrit, Anthony Lantian, and Pascal Wagner-Egger's piece, '“They” Respond: Comments on Basham et al.’s “Social Science’s Conspiracy-Theory Panic: Now They Want to Cure Everyone”.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20. The History of Human Origins Research and its Place in the History of Science: Research Problems and Historiography.Matthew R. Goodrum - 2009 - History of Science 47 (3):337.
  21.  12
    Intuitive Anatomy: Distortions of Conceptual Knowledge of Hand Structure.Matthew R. Longo - 2015 - Cognition 142 (C):230-235.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  22.  81
    Parasitism and Disjunctivism in Nyāya Epistemology.Matthew R. Dasti - 2012 - Philosophy East and West 62 (1):1-15.
    From the early modern period, Western epistemologists have often been concerned with a rigorous notion of epistemic justification, epitomized in the work of Descartes: properly held beliefs require insulation from extreme skepticism. To the degree that veridical cognitive states may be indistinguishable from non-veridical states, apparently veridical states cannot enjoy high-grade positive epistemic status. Therefore, a good believer begins from what are taken to be neutral, subjective experiences and reasons outward—hopefully identifying the kinds of appearances that properly link up to (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  23. The Idea of Human Prehistory: The Natural Sciences, the Human Sciences, and the Problem of Human Origins in Victorian Britain.Matthew R. Goodrum - 2012 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 34 (1-2):117-145.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  24.  8
    Perceptual and Conceptual Distortions of Implicit Hand Maps.Matthew R. Longo, Stefania Mattioni & Nataşa Ganea - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  25.  48
    Nyāya's Self as Agent and Knower.Matthew R. Dasti - 2014 - In Matthew R. Dasti & Edwin F. Bryant (eds.), Free will, Agency, and Selfhood in Indian Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 112.
    Much of classical Hindu thought has centered on the question of self: what is it, how does it relate to various features of the world, and how may we benefit by realizing its depths? Attempting to gain a conceptual foothold on selfhood, Hindu thinkers commonly suggest that its distinctive feature is consciousness (caitanya). Well-worn metaphors compare the self to light as its awareness illumines the world of knowable objects. Consciousness becomes a touchstone to recognize the presence of a self. A (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26. Moral Responsibility and Mental Illness: A Case Study.Matthew R. Broome, Lisa Bortolotti & Matteo Mameli - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):179-187.
    Various authors have argued that progress in the neurocognitive and neuropsychiatric sciences might threaten the commonsense understanding of how the mind generates behavior, and, as a consequence, it might also threaten the commonsense ways of attributing moral responsibility, if not the very notion of moral responsibility. In the case of actions that result in undesirable outcomes, the commonsense conception—which is reflected in sophisticated ways in the legal conception—tells us that there are circumstances in which the agent is entirely and fully (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  27.  14
    Ethical Considerations Related to Participation and Partnership: An Investigation of Stakeholders' Perceptions of an Action-Research Project on User Fee Removal for the Poorest in Burkina Faso.Matthew R. Hunt, Patrick Gogognon & Valéry Ridde - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):13.
    Healthcare user fees present an important barrier for accessing services for the poorest (indigents) in Burkina Faso and selective removal of fees has been incorporated in national healthcare planning. However, establishing fair, effective and sustainable mechanisms for the removal of user fees presents important challenges. A participatory action-research project was conducted in Ouargaye, Burkina Faso, to test mechanisms for identifying those who are indigents, and funding and implementing user fee removal. In this paper, we explore stakeholder perceptions of ethical considerations (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  28.  9
    Crafting a New Science: Defining Paleoanthropology and Its Relationship to Prehistoric Archaeology, 1860–1890.Matthew R. Goodrum - 2014 - Isis 105 (4):706-733.
  29.  26
    Choosing Death in Depression: A Commentary on ‘Treatment-Resistant Major Depressive Disorder and Assisted Dying’.Matthew R. Broome & Angharad de Cates - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):586-587.
  30.  36
    Athenian Democracy (K.A.) Raaflaub, (J.) Ober, (R.W.) Wallace Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece. With Chapters by Paul Cartledge and Cynthia Farrar. Pp. Xii + 242. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 2007. Cased, £22.95, US$34.95. ISBN: 978-0-520-24562-. [REVIEW]Matthew R. Christ - 2008 - The Classical Review 58 (2):513-.
  31. The Rationality of Psychosis and Understanding the Deluded.Matthew R. Broome - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (1):35-41.
  32.  35
    Tool Use Induces Complex and Flexible Plasticity of Human Body Representations.Matthew R. Longo & Andrea Serino - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (4):229 - 230.
    Plasticity of body representation fundamentally underpins human tool use. Recent studies have demonstrated remarkably complex plasticity of body representation in humans, showing that such plasticity (1) occurs flexibly across multiple time scales and (2) involves multiple body representations responding differently to tool use. Such findings reveal remarkable sophistication of body plasticity in humans, suggesting that Vaesen may overestimate the similarity of such mechanisms in humans and non-human primates.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33.  13
    Conscription of Hoplites in Classical Athens.Matthew R. Christ - 2001 - Classical Quarterly 51 (2):398-422.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  34.  4
    Do Doorways Really Matter: Investigating Memory Benefits of Event Segmentation in a Virtual Learning Environment.Matthew R. Logie & David I. Donaldson - 2021 - Cognition 209:104578.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  18
    The Ethics of Engaged Presence: A Framework for Health Professionals in Humanitarian Assistance and Development Work.Matthew R. Hunt, Lisa Schwartz, Christina Sinding & Laurie Elit - 2014 - Developing World Bioethics 14 (1):47-55.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36.  27
    Posture Modulates Implicit Hand Maps.Matthew R. Longo - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:96-102.
  37.  32
    The Unknown 'Knowing Man': Parmenides, B1.3.Matthew R. Cosgrove - 2011 - Classical Quarterly 61 (1):28-47.
  38.  2
    Expansion of Perceptual Body Maps Near – But Not Across – The Wrist.Matthew R. Longo - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  39.  5
    Does Disclosure About the Common Factors Affect Laypersons' Opinions About How Cognitive Behavioral Psychotherapy Works?Charlotte R. Blease & John M. Kelley - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40.  4
    The Significance of Myth for Environmental Education.Matthew R. Farrelly - 2019 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 53 (1):127-144.
  41. What Are 'True' Doxai Worth to Parmenides?Matthew R. Cosgrove - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 46:1-31.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  25
    Experiences and Perspectives of Farmers From Upstate New York Farmers' Markets.Matthew R. Griffin & Edward A. Frongillo - 2003 - Agriculture and Human Values 20 (2):189-203.
    Despite the growing popularityof farmers' markets (FMs) across the UnitedStates, the experiences and perspectives offarmers who sell at markets have received verylittle research attention. This study describesthe views of 18 farmers from Upstate New Yorkon the importance of FMs as part of theirlifestyle and livelihood, the challenges theyface selling at markets, and their conceptionsof ideal FMs. Through in-depth, semi-structuredinterviews, farmers expressed economic andsocial motivations for selling at FMs; socialbenefits from interacting with customers; andthe challenges they faced as small-scalefarmers and sellers, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  43.  17
    Herodotean Kings and Historical Inquiry.Matthew R. Christ - 1994 - Classical Antiquity 13 (2):167-202.
    This article seeks evidence of Herodotus's conception of his historical enterprise in the recurring scenes in which he portrays barbarian kings as inquirers and investigators. Through these scenes-involving most notably Psammetichus, Etearchus, Croesus, Cyrus, Cambyses, Darius, and Xerxes-the historian not only explores the character of autocrats, but also holds up a mirror to his own activity as inquirer. Once we recognize the metahistorical dimension of Herodotus's representation of inquiring kings, we can better understand the scenes in which these figures appear (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  44.  9
    In Defence of Reasonable Cosmopolitanism.Matthew R. Joseph - forthcoming - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Nyāya.Matthew R. Dasti - 2012 - The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This is an overview of the Nyaya ("Logic") school of classical Indian philosophy, focusing on the earlier period (up to roughly 1000 CE).
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  1
    The Human Relationship to Nature: The Limit of Reason, the Basis of Value, and the Crisis of Environmental Ethics.Matthew R. Foster - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    Environmental problems compel examination of three contrasting patterns of moral reasoning concerning the human relationship to nature: the currently implemented Progress Ethic, and the proposed alternatives of a Stewardship Ethic and Connection Ethic. But none of these deliver all they promise, whether in theory or practice or both, because all dubiously presume that moral reason is commensurate with nature, and that the value of natural entities is an intrinsic property. Matthew R. Foster argues that resolution of this crisis requires (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  82
    Relational Autonomy as an Essential Component of Patient-Centered Care.Carolyn Ells, Matthew R. Hunt & Jane Chambers-Evans - 2011 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (2):79-101.
    Despite enthusiasm for patient-centered care, the practice of patient-centered care is proving challenging. Further, it is curious that the literature about this subject does not explicitly address patient autonomy, since patients guide care in patient-centered care, and respect for patient autonomy is a prominent health-care value. We argue that by explicitly adopting a relational conception of autonomy as an essential component, patient-centered care becomes more coherent, is strengthened, and could help practitioners to make better use of a principle of respect (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  48.  49
    Patient-Centered Care and Cultural Practices: Process and Criteria for Evaluating Adaptations of Norms and Standards in Health Care Institutions. [REVIEW]Matthew R. Hunt - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (4):327-339.
    Patient-Centered Care and Cultural Practices: Process and Criteria for Evaluating Adaptations of Norms and Standards in Health Care Institutions Content Type Journal Article Pages 327-339 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9115-8 Authors Matthew R. Hunt, McMaster University Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Montreal Canada Journal HEC Forum Online ISSN 1572-8498 Print ISSN 0956-2737 Journal Volume Volume 21 Journal Issue Volume 21, Number 4.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  28
    Vatsyayana: Cognition as a Guide to Action.Matthew R. Dasti - 2017 - In Jonardon Ganeri (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy.
    Pakṣilasvāmin Vātsyāyana (c. 450 CE) is the author of the Commentary on Nyāya (Nyāya-bhāṣya), the first full commentary on the Nyāya-sūtra of Gautama (c. 150 CE), which is itself the foundational text of the school of philosophy called “Nyāya.” The Nyāya tradition is home to a number of leading voices within the classical Indian philosophical scene and is celebrated in later doxographies as one of the six “orthodox” systems of Hindu thought. Given the way that sūtra texts and their first (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  56
    Suffering and Eternal Recurrence of the Same: The Neuroscience, Psychopathology, and Philosophy of Time.Matthew R. Broome - 2005 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 12 (3):187-194.
1 — 50 / 1000