Results for 'Matthew R��os'

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  1.  51
    The Anti-Theorist’s Paradox: Dialogue with a Rortian.Matthew R. Silliman & David K. Johnson - 2000 - Social Philosophy Today 15:199-208.
  2.  21
    Structural Impediments to Sustainable Groundwater Management in the High Plains Aquifer of Western Kansas.Matthew R. Sanderson & R. Scott Frey - 2015 - Agriculture and Human Values 32 (3):401-417.
    Western Kansas is one of the most important agricultural regions in the world. Most agricultural production in this semi-arid region depends on the consumption of nonrenewable groundwater from the High Plains Aquifer, which will be 70 % depleted by 2070. The problem of depletion has drawn significant attention from local citizens and policymakers at the federal, state, and local levels for at least 40 years, resulting in a variety of policies and institutions to manage groundwater from the aquifer as a (...)
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  3.  1
    Do Doorways Really Matter: Investigating Memory Benefits of Event Segmentation in a Virtual Learning Environment.Matthew R. Logie & David I. Donaldson - 2021 - Cognition 209:104578.
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  4.  22
    The Anti-Theorist’s Paradox: Dialogue with a Rortian.Matthew R. Silliman & David K. Johnson - 2000 - Social Philosophy Today 15:199-208.
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  5. When Inferring to a Conspiracy Might Be the Best Explanation.Matthew R. X. Dentith - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (5-6):572-591.
    Conspiracy theories are typically thought to be examples of irrational beliefs, and thus unlikely to be warranted. However, recent work in Philosophy has challenged the claim that belief in conspiracy theories is irrational, showing that in a range of cases, belief in conspiracy theories is warranted. However, it is still often said that conspiracy theories are unlikely relative to non-conspiratorial explanations which account for the same phenomena. However, such arguments turn out to rest upon how we define what gets counted (...)
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  6. The Concept of Property in John Locke's Epistemology and Politics.Matthew R. Silliman - 1986 - Dissertation, Purdue University
    Recent scholarship has gone a long way toward placing Locke in his intellectual and historical context, and thus in coming to see the respect in which his work has a previously unacknowledged conceptual unity. There remains, however, some difficulty in reconciling the style, purpose and content of his two major works. The Essay Concerning Human Understanding is usually read as primarily concerned with issues in epistemology and philosophy of science, while the Two Treatises of Government is regarded as less systematically (...)
     
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  7.  62
    What is Embodiment? A Psychometric Approach.Matthew R. Longo, Friederike Schüür, Marjolein P. M. Kammers, Manos Tsakiris & Patrick Haggard - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):978-998.
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  8. The Problem of Conspiracism.Matthew R. X. Dentith - 2018 - Argumenta 3 (2):327-343.
    Belief in conspiracy theories is typically considered irrational, and as a consequence of this, conspiracy theorists––those who dare believe some conspiracy theory––have been charged with a variety of epistemic or psychological failings. Yet recent philosophical work has challenged the view that belief in conspiracy theories should be considered as typically irrational. By performing an intra-group analysis of those people we call “conspiracy theorists”, we find that the problematic traits commonly ascribed to the general group of conspiracy theorists turn out to (...)
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  9. Sentience and Sensibility: A Conversation About Moral Philosophy.Matthew R. Silliman - 2006 - Parmenides.
    Original value -- Value incrementalism -- A normative proposal -- Valuing development -- The many faces of value -- Direct and indirect moral considerability -- Affirming moral theories -- Ethical vegetarianism? -- The possibility of an environmental ethic -- Racism and moral perfectionism -- The bankruptcy of moral relativism.
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  10. A Study in Trade-Cycle History: Economic Fluctuations in Great Britain 1833–1842.R. C. O. Matthews - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1954, this volume describes and analyses the course of short-period fluctuations in the British economy between 1833 and 1842. Through concentrating on a relatively short space of time, the text is able to provide a rigorous examination of the evidence and also avoids the over-simplification inherent in comparing the history of fluctuations in different periods. A variety of sources are put under scrutiny, both 'literary' and statistical, reflecting a relative lack of surviving economic material from the period. (...)
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  11. Secrecy and Conspiracy.Matthew R. X. Dentith & Martin Orr - 2017 - Episteme 15 (4):433-450.
    In the literature on conspiracy theories, the least contentious part of the academic discourse would appear to be what we mean by a “conspiracy”: a secretive plot between two or more people toward some end. Yet what, exactly, is the connection between something being a conspiracy and it being secret? Is it possible to conspire without also engaging in secretive behavior? To dissect the role of secrecy in con- spiracies – and thus contribute to the larger debate on the epistemology (...)
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  12.  40
    Critical Thinking and the Argumentative Essay.David K. Johnson & Matthew R. Silliman - 1998 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 17 (4):40-43.
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  13.  51
    Ethics Beyond Borders: How Health Professionals Experience Ethics in Humanitarian Assistance and Development Work.Matthew R. Hunt - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):59-69.
    Health professionals are involved in humanitarian assistance and development work in many regions of the world. They participate in primary health care, immunization campaigns, clinic- and hospital-based care, rehabilitation and feeding programs. In the course of this work, clinicians are frequently exposed to complex ethical issues. This paper examines how health workers experience ethics in the course of humanitarian assistance and development work. A qualitative study was conducted to consider this question. Five core themes emerged from the data, including: tension (...)
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  14.  25
    Chunking as a Rational Strategy for Lossy Data Compression in Visual Working Memory.Matthew R. Nassar, Julie C. Helmers & Michael J. Frank - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (4):486-511.
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  15.  24
    The Image of God and Moral Action: Challenging the Practicality of the Imago Dei.Matthew R. Petrusek - 2017 - Studies in Christian Ethics 30 (1):60-82.
    This article poses a challenge to the assumption that all conceptions of the imago Dei are practical, meaning that they can coherently provide a guide for human action. The article identifies three criteria for practicality and applies them to two accounts of the imago, one in the thought of the twentieth-century theologian Helmut Thielicke, the other in the Roman Catholic tradition. It argues that Thielicke’s account of the imago, which forms the basis for what he calls ‘alien dignity’, fails to (...)
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  16. Moral Responsibility and Mental Illness: A Case Study.Matthew R. Broome, Lisa Bortolotti & Matteo Mameli - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):179-187.
    Various authors have argued that progress in the neurocognitive and neuropsychiatric sciences might threaten the commonsense understanding of how the mind generates behavior, and, as a consequence, it might also threaten the commonsense ways of attributing moral responsibility, if not the very notion of moral responsibility. In the case of actions that result in undesirable outcomes, the commonsense conception—which is reflected in sophisticated ways in the legal conception—tells us that there are circumstances in which the agent is entirely and fully (...)
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  17.  76
    Parasitism and Disjunctivism in Nyāya Epistemology.Matthew R. Dasti - 2012 - Philosophy East and West 62 (1):1-15.
    From the early modern period, Western epistemologists have often been concerned with a rigorous notion of epistemic justification, epitomized in the work of Descartes: properly held beliefs require insulation from extreme skepticism. To the degree that veridical cognitive states may be indistinguishable from non-veridical states, apparently veridical states cannot enjoy high-grade positive epistemic status. Therefore, a good believer begins from what are taken to be neutral, subjective experiences and reasons outward—hopefully identifying the kinds of appearances that properly link up to (...)
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  18.  18
    Intentional (Nation‐)States: A Group‐Agency Problem for the State’s Right to Exclude.Matthew R. Joseph - 2021 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 38 (1):73-87.
    Most philosophical defences of the state’s right to exclude immigrants derive their strength from the normative importance of self-determination. If nation-states are taken to be the political institutions of a people, then the state’s right to exclude is the people’s right to exclude – and a denial of this right constitutes an abridgement of self-determination. In this paper, I argue that this view of self-determination does not cohere with a group-agency view of nation-states. On the group-agency view that I defend, (...)
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  19.  24
    The Maudsley Reader in Phenomenological Psychiatry.Matthew R. Broome (ed.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Brings together and interprets previously hard-to-find texts, new translations and passages detailing the interplay between philosophy and psychopathology.
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  20.  15
    Arousal (but Not Valence) Amplifies the Impact of Salience.Matthew R. Sutherland & Mara Mather - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (3):616-622.
    Previous findings indicate that negative arousal enhances bottom-up attention biases favouring perceptual salient stimuli over less salient stimuli. The current study tests whether those effects were driven by emotional arousal or by negative valence by comparing how well participants could identify visually presented letters after hearing either a negative arousing, positive arousing or neutral sound. On each trial, some letters were presented in a high contrast font and some in a low contrast font, creating a set of targets that differed (...)
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  21. In Defence of Particularism: A Reply to Stokes.Matthew R. X. Dentith - 2016 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 5 (11):27-33.
    A reply to Patrick Stokes' “Between Generalism and Particularism About Conspiracy Theory".
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  22.  14
    Ethical Considerations Related to Participation and Partnership: An Investigation of Stakeholders' Perceptions of an Action-Research Project on User Fee Removal for the Poorest in Burkina Faso.Matthew R. Hunt, Patrick Gogognon & Valéry Ridde - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):13.
    Healthcare user fees present an important barrier for accessing services for the poorest (indigents) in Burkina Faso and selective removal of fees has been incorporated in national healthcare planning. However, establishing fair, effective and sustainable mechanisms for the removal of user fees presents important challenges. A participatory action-research project was conducted in Ouargaye, Burkina Faso, to test mechanisms for identifying those who are indigents, and funding and implementing user fee removal. In this paper, we explore stakeholder perceptions of ethical considerations (...)
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  23.  8
    History (R.H.) Sternberg Tragedy Offstage. Suffering and Sympathy in Ancient Athens. Austin: U. Of Texas P, 2006. Pp. 238. £26. 9780292714168. [REVIEW]Matthew R. Christ - 2008 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 128:225-.
  24. The History of Human Origins Research and its Place in the History of Science: Research Problems and Historiography.Matthew R. Goodrum - 2009 - History of Science 47 (3):337.
  25.  42
    Nyāya's Self as Agent and Knower.Matthew R. Dasti - 2014 - In Matthew R. Dasti & Edwin F. Bryant (eds.), Free will, Agency, and Selfhood in Indian Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 112.
    Much of classical Hindu thought has centered on the question of self: what is it, how does it relate to various features of the world, and how may we benefit by realizing its depths? Attempting to gain a conceptual foothold on selfhood, Hindu thinkers commonly suggest that its distinctive feature is consciousness (caitanya). Well-worn metaphors compare the self to light as its awareness illumines the world of knowable objects. Consciousness becomes a touchstone to recognize the presence of a self. A (...)
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  26.  18
    The Ethics of Engaged Presence: A Framework for Health Professionals in Humanitarian Assistance and Development Work.Matthew R. Hunt, Lisa Schwartz, Christina Sinding & Laurie Elit - 2014 - Developing World Bioethics 14 (1):47-55.
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  27.  15
    Seeing the Body Distorts Tactile Size Perception.Matthew R. Longo & Renata Sadibolova - 2013 - Cognition 126 (3):475-481.
  28. Clearing Up Some Conceptual Confusions About Conspiracy Theory Theorising.Matthew R. X. Dentith & Martin Orr - 2017 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 6 (1):9-16.
    A reply to Gérald Bronner, Véronique Campion-Vincent, Sylvain Delouvée, Sebastian Dieguez, Nicolas Gauvrit, Anthony Lantian, and Pascal Wagner-Egger's piece, '“They” Respond: Comments on Basham et al.’s “Social Science’s Conspiracy-Theory Panic: Now They Want to Cure Everyone”.
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  29.  12
    Intuitive Anatomy: Distortions of Conceptual Knowledge of Hand Structure.Matthew R. Longo - 2015 - Cognition 142:230-235.
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  30. The Idea of Human Prehistory: The Natural Sciences, the Human Sciences, and the Problem of Human Origins in Victorian Britain.Matthew R. Goodrum - 2012 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 34 (1-2):117-145.
     
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  31. Treating Conspiracy Theories Seriously: A Reply to Basham on Dentith.Matthew R. X. Dentith - 2016 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 5 (9):1-5.
    A response to Lee Basham's 'The Need for Accountable Witnesses: A Reply to Dentith'.
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  32.  25
    Choosing Death in Depression: A Commentary on ‘Treatment-Resistant Major Depressive Disorder and Assisted Dying’.Matthew R. Broome & Angharad de Cates - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (8):586-587.
  33.  9
    Crafting a New Science: Defining Paleoanthropology and Its Relationship to Prehistoric Archaeology, 1860–1890.Matthew R. Goodrum - 2014 - Isis 105 (4):706-733.
  34.  49
    Patient-Centered Care and Cultural Practices: Process and Criteria for Evaluating Adaptations of Norms and Standards in Health Care Institutions. [REVIEW]Matthew R. Hunt - 2009 - HEC Forum 21 (4):327-339.
    Patient-Centered Care and Cultural Practices: Process and Criteria for Evaluating Adaptations of Norms and Standards in Health Care Institutions Content Type Journal Article Pages 327-339 DOI 10.1007/s10730-009-9115-8 Authors Matthew R. Hunt, McMaster University Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Montreal Canada Journal HEC Forum Online ISSN 1572-8498 Print ISSN 0956-2737 Journal Volume Volume 21 Journal Issue Volume 21, Number 4.
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  35.  8
    Perceptual and Conceptual Distortions of Implicit Hand Maps.Matthew R. Longo, Stefania Mattioni & Nataşa Ganea - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  36.  12
    Conscription of Hoplites in Classical Athens.Matthew R. Christ - 2001 - Classical Quarterly 51 (2):398-422.
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  37.  34
    Tool Use Induces Complex and Flexible Plasticity of Human Body Representations.Matthew R. Longo & Andrea Serino - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (4):229 - 230.
    Plasticity of body representation fundamentally underpins human tool use. Recent studies have demonstrated remarkably complex plasticity of body representation in humans, showing that such plasticity (1) occurs flexibly across multiple time scales and (2) involves multiple body representations responding differently to tool use. Such findings reveal remarkable sophistication of body plasticity in humans, suggesting that Vaesen may overestimate the similarity of such mechanisms in humans and non-human primates.
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  38. Nyāya.Matthew R. Dasti - 2012 - The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This is an overview of the Nyaya ("Logic") school of classical Indian philosophy, focusing on the earlier period (up to roughly 1000 CE).
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  39.  16
    Herodotean Kings and Historical Inquiry.Matthew R. Christ - 1994 - Classical Antiquity 13 (2):167-202.
    This article seeks evidence of Herodotus's conception of his historical enterprise in the recurring scenes in which he portrays barbarian kings as inquirers and investigators. Through these scenes-involving most notably Psammetichus, Etearchus, Croesus, Cyrus, Cambyses, Darius, and Xerxes-the historian not only explores the character of autocrats, but also holds up a mirror to his own activity as inquirer. Once we recognize the metahistorical dimension of Herodotus's representation of inquiring kings, we can better understand the scenes in which these figures appear (...)
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  40.  27
    Vatsyayana: Cognition as a Guide to Action.Matthew R. Dasti - 2017 - In Jonardon Ganeri (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Indian Philosophy.
    Pakṣilasvāmin Vātsyāyana (c. 450 CE) is the author of the Commentary on Nyāya (Nyāya-bhāṣya), the first full commentary on the Nyāya-sūtra of Gautama (c. 150 CE), which is itself the foundational text of the school of philosophy called “Nyāya.” The Nyāya tradition is home to a number of leading voices within the classical Indian philosophical scene and is celebrated in later doxographies as one of the six “orthodox” systems of Hindu thought. Given the way that sūtra texts and their first (...)
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  41.  25
    Experiences and Perspectives of Farmers From Upstate New York Farmers' Markets.Matthew R. Griffin & Edward A. Frongillo - 2003 - Agriculture and Human Values 20 (2):189-203.
    Despite the growing popularityof farmers' markets (FMs) across the UnitedStates, the experiences and perspectives offarmers who sell at markets have received verylittle research attention. This study describesthe views of 18 farmers from Upstate New Yorkon the importance of FMs as part of theirlifestyle and livelihood, the challenges theyface selling at markets, and their conceptionsof ideal FMs. Through in-depth, semi-structuredinterviews, farmers expressed economic andsocial motivations for selling at FMs; socialbenefits from interacting with customers; andthe challenges they faced as small-scalefarmers and sellers, (...)
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  42.  37
    The Ethics of Engaged Presence: A Framework for Health Professionals in Humanitarian Assistance and Development Work.Matthew R. Hunt, Lisa Schwartz, Christina Sinding & Laurie Elit - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):47-55.
    In this article, we present an ethics framework for health practice in humanitarian and development work: the ethics of engaged presence. The ethics of engaged presence framework aims to articulate in a systematic fashion approaches and orientations that support the engagement of expatriate health care professionals in ways that align with diverse obligations and responsibilities, and promote respectful and effective action and relationships. Drawn from a range of sources, the framework provides a vocabulary and narrative structure for examining the moral (...)
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  43.  27
    Testimony, Belief Transfer, and Causal Irrelevance: Reflections From India's Nyaya School.Matthew R. Dasti - 2008 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 25 (4):281-299.
    Recent studies of Nyäya’s account of testimony have illustrated its anticipation of contemporary testimonial antireductionism, the position that testimony cannot be reduced to a more fundamental means of knowledge like inference or perception. This paper discusses another relevant but less discussed anticipation of current debate, involving the status of speaker belief in testimonial exchange. Is a speaker’s veridical apprehension of the content of his utterance a necessary condition on testimonial exchange? This was a source of much disputation among Indian epistemologists, (...)
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  44.  4
    The Significance of Myth for Environmental Education.Matthew R. Farrelly - 2019 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 53 (1):127-144.
  45.  29
    The Unknown 'Knowing Man': Parmenides, B1.3.Matthew R. Cosgrove - 2011 - Classical Quarterly 61 (1):28-47.
  46.  18
    Ostracism, Sycophancy, and Deception of the Demos: [Arist.] Ath.Pol. 43.5.Matthew R. Christ - 1992 - Classical Quarterly 42 (02):336-.
    Several features of this compact passage have puzzled scholars ever since the discovery of the Aristotelian Constitution of the Athenians a century ago. First, did the Athenian Assembly really deliberate on all these disparate matters in the chief meeting of the sixth prytany, and if so, why? Second, why did it limit complaints against sycophants to a total of six divided equally between citizens and metics? Since the answers we give to these questions are fundamental to our understanding of basic (...)
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  47. What Are 'True' Doxai Worth to Parmenides?Matthew R. Cosgrove - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 46:1-31.
     
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  48.  76
    The Crito's Integrity.Matthew R. Dasti - 2007 - Apeiron 40 (2):123 - 140.
  49.  61
    The Spectra of Soundless Voices and Audible Thoughts: Towards an Integrative Model of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations and Thought Insertion.Clara S. Humpston & Matthew R. Broome - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (3):611-629.
    Patients with psychotic disorders experience a range of reality distortions. These often include auditory-verbal hallucinations, and thought insertion to a lesser degree; however, their mechanisms and relationships between each other remain largely elusive. Here we attempt to establish a integrative model drawing from the phenomenology of both AVHs and TI and argue that they in fact can be seen as ‘spectra’ of experiences with varying degrees of agency and ownership, with ‘silent and internal own thoughts’ on one extreme and ‘fully (...)
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  50. The Rationality of Psychosis and Understanding the Deluded.Matthew R. Broome - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (1):35-41.
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