Results for 'Matthew E. Bernard'

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  1.  22
    Marital status, feeling depressed and self‐rated health in rural female primary care patients.James E. Rohrer, Matthew E. Bernard, Yan Zhang, Norman H. Rasmussen & Halina Woroncow - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (2):214-217.
  2.  22
    Physical symptoms that predict psychiatric disorders in rural primary care adults.Norman H. Rasmussen, Matthew E. Bernard & William S. Harmsen - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (3):399-406.
  3.  19
    Commentary: On the Moral Foundations of Animal Welfare.Bernard E. Rollin & Matthew S. Hickey - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (1):54-57.
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  4.  50
    The pleasures of sad music: a systematic review.Matthew E. Sachs, Antonio Damasio & Assal Habibi - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9:146300.
    Sadness is generally seen as a negative emotion, a response to distressing and adverse situations. In an aesthetic context, however, sadness is often associated with some degree of pleasure, as suggested by the ubiquity and popularity, throughout history, of music, plays, films and paintings with a sad content. Here, we focus on the fact that music regarded as sad is often experienced as pleasurable. Compared to other art forms, music has an exceptional ability to evoke a wide-range of feelings and (...)
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  5.  12
    Psychology Education and Work Readiness Integration: A Call for Research in Australia.Ashleigh Schweinsberg, Matthew E. Mundy, Kyle R. Dyer & Filia Garivaldis - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Supporting students to develop transferable skills and gain employment is a vital function of Universities in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. A key area is work readiness, which has steadily grown in importance over the last 2 decades as tertiary institutions increasingly aim to produce graduates who perceive and are perceived as work ready. However, a large majority of graduates report a lack of skills and confidence needed for the effective transition from study to work. This may be (...)
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  6.  39
    Scientism: Philosophy and the Infatuation with Science. [REVIEW]Roger Harris, Kevin Magill, Vincent Geoghegan, Anthony Elliott, Chris Arthur, Michael Gardiner, David Macey, Nöel Parker, Alex Klaushofer, Gary Kitchen, Tom Furniss, Christopher J. Arthur, Sadie Plant, Fred Inglis, Matthew Rampley, Alison Ainley, Daryl Glaser, Jean-Jacques Lecercle, Sean Sayers, Keith Ansell-Pearson & Lucy Frith - 1992 - Radical Philosophy 61 (61).
  7.  8
    Normative Authority and the Foundations of Ethics.Matthew E. Silverstein - unknown
    My dissertation explores the foundations of ethics—the question of whether and where practical justification comes to an end. What reason do we have to be moral? Is the fact that something is pleasurable at least a defeasible reason to pursue it, and if so, why? I argue that the only way to answer such questions is to look at what is constitutive of action. Nonnormative facts about the nature of agency can ground the normative authority of reasons for action. Recently, (...)
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  8.  46
    Investigating reasoning with multiple integrated neuroscientific methods.Matthew E. Roser, Jonathan St B. T. Evans, Nicolas A. McNair, Giorgio Fuggetta, Simon J. Handley, Lauren S. Carroll & Dries Trippas - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  9.  16
    Clarifying the link between music and social bonding by measuring prosociality in context.Matthew E. Sachs, Oriel FeldmanHall & Diana I. Tamir - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    To corroborate the music and social bonding hypothesis, we propose that future investigations isolate specific components of social bonding and consider the influence of context. We deconstruct and operationalize social bonding through the lens of social psychology and provide examples of specific measures that can be used to assess how the link between music and sociality varies by context.
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  10.  93
    The genesis of the Peircean continuum.Matthew E. Moore - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):425 - 469.
    : In the Cambridge Conferences Lectures of 1898 Peirce defines a continuum as a "collection of so vast a multitude" that its elements "become welded into one another." He links the transinfinity (the "vast multitude") of a continuum to the confusion of its elements by a line of mathematical reasoning closely related to Cantor's Theorem. I trace the mathematical and philosophical roots of this conception of continuity, and examine its unresolved tensions, which arise mainly from difficulties in Peirce's theory of (...)
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  11.  77
    A Cantorian argument against infinitesimals.Matthew E. Moore - 2002 - Synthese 133 (3):305 - 330.
    In 1887 Georg Cantor gave an influential but cryptic proof of theimpossibility of infinitesimals. I first give a reconstruction ofCantor's argument which relies mainly on traditional assumptions fromEuclidean geometry, together with elementary results of Cantor's ownset theory. I then apply the reconstructed argument to theinfinitesimals of Abraham Robinson's nonstandard analysis. Thisbrings out the importance for the argument of an assumption I call theChain Thesis. Doubts about the Chain Thesis are seen to render thereconstructed argument inconclusive as an attack on the (...)
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  12.  24
    A Cantorian Argument Against Infinitesimals.Matthew E. Moore - 2002 - Synthese 133 (3):305-330.
    In 1887 Georg Cantor gave an influential but cryptic proof of theimpossibility of infinitesimals. I first give a reconstruction ofCantor's argument which relies mainly on traditional assumptions fromEuclidean geometry, together with elementary results of Cantor's ownset theory. I then apply the reconstructed argument to theinfinitesimals of Abraham Robinson's nonstandard analysis. Thisbrings out the importance for the argument of an assumption I call theChain Thesis. Doubts about the Chain Thesis are seen to render thereconstructed argument inconclusive as an attack on the (...)
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  13.  67
    Peirce’s topical theory of continuity.Matthew E. Moore - 2015 - Synthese 192 (4):1-17.
    In the last decade of his life C.S. Peirce began to formulate a purely geometrical theory of continuity to supersede the collection-theoretic theory he began to elaborate around the middle of the 1890s. I argue that Peirce never succeeded in fully formulating the later theory, and that while that there are powerful motivations to adopt that theory within Peirce’s system, it has little to recommend it from an external perspective.
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  14.  61
    Archimedean Intuitions.Matthew E. Moore - 2002 - Theoria 68 (3):185-204.
    The Archimedean Axiom is often held to be an intuitively obvious truth about the geometry of physical space. After a general discussion of the varieties of geometrical intuition that have been proposed, I single out one variety which we can plausibly be held to have and then argue that it does not underwrite the intuitive obviousness of the Archimedean Axiom. Generalizing that result, I conclude that the Axiom is not intuitively obvious.
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  15.  32
    Gianni Vattimo on Secularisation and Islam.Matthew E. Harris - 2015 - The European Legacy 20 (3):239-254.
    To clarify Vattimo’s position on secularism and Islam, I first discuss his view that secularisation as kenosis and caritas entails the nihilistic vocation of Being, as expressed in our postmodern world where there appear to be no facts, only interpretations. I then survey some of Vattimo’s negative judgements of Islam, which appear to be out of keeping with his own disavowal of “modern” ideals such as “progress” and “grand narratives.” After analysing Islam’s turbulent history of secularism, I suggest the need (...)
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  16.  31
    Naturalizing dissension.Matthew E. Moore - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (3):325–334.
    Mathematical naturalism forbids philosophical interventions in mathematical practice. This principle, strictly construed, places severe constraints on legitimate philosophizing about mathematics; it is also arguably incompatible with mathematical realism. One argument for the latter conclusion charges the realist with inability to take a truly naturalistic view of the Gödel Program in set theory. This argument founders on the disagreement among mathematicians about that program's prospects for success. It also turns out that when disagreements run this deep it is counterproductive to take (...)
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  17. Naturalism, Truth and Beauty in Mathematics.Matthew E. Moore - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):141-165.
    Can a scientific naturalist be a mathematical realist? I review some arguments, derived largely from the writings of Penelope Maddy, for a negative answer. The rejoinder from the realist side is that the irrealist cannot explain, as well as the realist can, why a naturalist should grant the mathematician the degree of methodological autonomy that the irrealist's own arguments require. Thus a naturalist, as such, has at least as much reason to embrace mathematical realism as to embrace irrealism.
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  18.  15
    Philosophy of Mathematics: Selected Writings.Matthew E. Moore (ed.) - 2010 - Indiana University Press.
    The philosophy of mathematics plays a vital role in the mature philosophy of Charles S. Peirce. Peirce received rigorous mathematical training from his father and his philosophy carries on in decidedly mathematical and symbolic veins. For Peirce, math was a philosophical tool and many of his most productive ideas rest firmly on the foundation of mathematical principles. This volume collects Peirce’s most important writings on the subject, many appearing in print for the first time. Peirce’s determination to understand matter, the (...)
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  19.  16
    Peirce on Perfect Sets, Revised.Matthew E. Moore - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (4):649-667.
  20.  10
    Revisiting ingarden’s theoretical biological accountof the literary work of art: Is the computer game an “organism”?Matthew E. Gladden - 2020 - HORIZON. Studies in Phenomenology 9 (2):640-661.
    From his earliest published writings to his last, Roman Ingarden displayed an interest in theoretical biology and its efforts to clarify what distinguishes living organisms from other types of entities. However, many of his explorations of such issues are easily overlooked, because they don’t appear in works that are primarily ontological, metaphysical, or anthropological in nature but are “hidden” within his works on literary aesthetics, where Ingarden sought to define the nature of living organisms in order to compare literary works (...)
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  21.  22
    Gary Browning, Lyotard and the End of Grand Narratives , pp. 205. ISBN 0708314791 . £14.99.Matthew E. Pacholec - 2003 - Hegel Bulletin 24 (1-2):133-140.
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  22. A way forward? : continuing conversations on natural law.Matthew E. Cochran - 2010 - In Robert C. Baker & Roland Cap Ehlke (eds.), Natural Law: A Lutheran Reappraisal. Concordia Pub. House.
     
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  23. McDonagh, E.-Breaking the Abortion Deadlock.E. Matthews - 1998 - Philosophical Books 39:141-142.
     
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  24.  8
    Can paternalism be modernised?E. Matthews - 1986 - Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (3):133-135.
    The contention that paternalism can be modernised in such a way as to avoid the usual criticisms is examined and dismissed. The alleged 'modernisation' consists simply in going through the motions of achieving the patient's free consent, while leaving the ultimate decision to the physician. Paternalism in this form is no better than the more old-fashioned variety, since it still takes away from patients the fundamental human right to make decisions about their own fate.
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  25. Richard Price.E. Gwynn Matthews - 2004 - Efrydiau Athronyddol 67 (1):125-143.
  26. Gary Gutting: French Philosophy in the Twentieth Century.E. Matthews - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (2):325-325.
     
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  27.  3
    I fyd y faled.E. Gwynn Matthews - 1986
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  28.  29
    Protecting the vulnerable: autonomy and consent in health care.E. Matthews - 1993 - Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):59-59.
  29.  12
    Re" The Light Switch," Summer 2011, pp. 30-32.E. Matthew - 2012 - The Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha-Honor Medical Society. Alpha Omega Alpha 75 (1):51.
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  30.  4
    Yr Athro Alltud: Syr Henry Jones 1852-1922.E. Gwynn Matthews - 1998
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  31.  12
    The Shibumi Strategy: A Powerful Way to Create Meaningful Change.Matthew E. May - 2010 - Jossey-Bass.
    A personal leadership fable on applying principles of Zen to work and life choices The Shibumi Strategy is a little book about a big breakthrough. It tells the story of a hardworking family man who finds himself in crisis when his company closes. Through his struggle, and guidance from unlikely sources, he learns subtle lessons in the form of "personal zen" principles, coming to understand that it is often the involuntary challenge, the setbacks, that harbor the power to transform. When (...)
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  32.  10
    The Negative Interactive Effects of Nostalgia and Loneliness on Affect in Daily Life.David B. Newman & Matthew E. Sachs - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Research has suggested that nostalgia is a mixed, albeit predominantly positive emotion. One proposed function of nostalgia is to attenuate the negative consequences of loneliness. This restorative effect of nostalgia, however, has been demonstrated with cross sectional and experimental methods that lack ecological validity. In studies that have measured nostalgia in daily life, however, nostalgia has been negatively related to well-being. We propose an alternative theory that posits that the effect of nostalgia on well-being depends on the event or experience (...)
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  33.  5
    An evidence-based systems approach to school counseling: advocating student-within-environment.Matthew E. Lemberger-Truelove - 2024 - New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. Edited by Hannah Bowers Parker.
    This book presents strategies for using systemic theory and evidence-based practice in schools to support students, the adults in their lives, and their wider communities. Beginning by introducing and explaining the Advocating Students-within-Environments (ASE) theory, each chapter then addresses a specific school-based issue, such as academic achievement, crisis, trauma, and resiliency, from a systemic and environmental lens. Practical and accessible, the chapters are filled with case examples, evidence-base interventions, and helpful tools to show how counselors can incorporate the approach into (...)
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  34. Climate Wars: The Fight for Survival as the World Overheats.Gwynne Dyer, Matthew E. Kahn, Bill McKibben & Peter D. Ward - 2010
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  35.  21
    Is the avoiding of operant theory a Pavlovian conditioned response?Claudia D. Cardinal, Matthew E. Andrzejewski & Philip N. Hineline - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):252-253.
    The proposed heavy dependence on Pavlovian conditioning to account for social behavior confounds phylogenically and ontogenically selected behavior patterns and ignores the extension of the principle of selection by consequences from biological to learning theory. Instead of acknowledging operant relations, Domjan et al. construct vaguely specified mechanisms based upon anticipatory cost-benefit considerations that are not supported by the Pavlovian conditioning literature.
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  36.  24
    Animal rights & human morality.Bernard E. Rollin (ed.) - 1992 - Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
    Offers a forthright approach to the many disquieting questions surrounding the emotional debate over animal rights. This book includes a chapter on animal agriculture, and additional discussions of animal law, companion animal issues, genetic engineering, animal pain, animal research, and other topics.
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  37.  31
    Hospital Finances and Patient Safety Outcomes.William E. Encinosa & Didem M. Bernard - 2005 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 42 (1):60-72.
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  38.  16
    Investigation of Biases and Compensatory Strategies Using a Probabilistic Variant of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test.Alexis B. Craig, Matthew E. Phillips, Andrew Zaldivar, Rajan Bhattacharyya & Jeffrey L. Krichmar - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  39.  20
    Breaking the cycle of mistrust: Wise interventions to provide critical feedback across the racial divide.David Scott Yeager, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Julio Garcia, Nancy Apfel, Patti Brzustoski, Allison Master, William T. Hessert, Matthew E. Williams & Geoffrey L. Cohen - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):804-824.
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  40. Animal rights and human morality.Bernard E. Rollin - 1981 - Buffalo, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
    Offers a forthright approach to the many disquieting questions surrounding the emotional debate over animal rights. This book includes a chapter on animal agriculture, and additional discussions of animal law, companion animal issues, genetic engineering, animal pain, animal research, and other topics.
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  41.  16
    Natural and conventional meaning: an examination of the distinction.Bernard E. Rollin - 1976 - The Hague: Mouton.
  42.  22
    The identification of 100 ecological questions of high policy relevance in the UK.William J. Sutherland, Susan Armstrong-Brown, Paul R. Armsworth, Brereton Tom, Jonathan Brickland, Colin D. Campbell, Daniel E. Chamberlain, Andrew I. Cooke, Nicholas K. Dulvy, Nicholas R. Dusic, Martin Fitton, Robert P. Freckleton, H. Charles J. Godfray, Nick Grout, H. John Harvey, Colin Hedley, John J. Hopkins, Neil B. Kift, Jeff Kirby, William E. Kunin, David W. Macdonald, Brian Marker, Marc Naura, Andrew R. Neale, Tom Oliver, Dan Osborn, Andrew S. Pullin, Matthew E. A. Shardlow, David A. Showler, Paul L. Smith, Richard J. Smithers, Jean-Luc Solandt, Jonathan Spencer, Chris J. Spray, Chris D. Thomas, Jim Thompson, Sarah E. Webb, Derek W. Yalden & Andrew R. Watkinson - 2006 - Journal of Applied Ecology 43 (4):617-627.
    1 Evidence-based policy requires researchers to provide the answers to ecological questions that are of interest to policy makers. To find out what those questions are in the UK, representatives from 28 organizations involved in policy, together with scientists from 10 academic institutions, were asked to generate a list of questions from their organizations. 2 During a 2-day workshop the initial list of 1003 questions generated from consulting at least 654 policy makers and academics was used as a basis for (...)
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  43. LEWIS, H. D. "The Elusive Self". [REVIEW]E. Matthews - 1984 - Mind 93:152.
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  44.  4
    Mind and Matter in the 18th Century. [REVIEW]E. Matthews - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (44):420.
  45.  60
    The re-accomplishment of place in twentieth century Vermont and New Hampshire: history repeats itself, until it doesn’t. [REVIEW]Jason Kaufman & Matthew E. Kaliner - 2011 - Theory and Society 40 (2):119-154.
    Much recent literature plumbs the question of the origins and trajectories of “place,” or the cultural development of space-specific repertoires of action and meaning. This article examines divergence in two “places” that were once quite similar but are now quite far apart, culturally and politically speaking. Vermont, once considered the “most Republican” state in the United States, is now generally considered one of its most politically and culturally liberal. New Hampshire, by contrast, has remained politically and socially quite conservative. Contrasting (...)
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  46.  43
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Modulates Neuronal Activity and Learning in Pilot Training.Jaehoon Choe, Brian A. Coffman, Dylan T. Bergstedt, Matthias D. Ziegler & Matthew E. Phillips - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  47.  37
    Science and Ethics.Bernard E. Rollin - 2006 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In Science and Ethics, Bernard Rollin examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues that are relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in (...)
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  48.  75
    “Doctor, Would You Prescribe a Pill to Help Me …?” A National Survey of Physicians on Using Medicine for Human Enhancement.Matthew K. Wynia, Emily E. Anderson, Kavita Shah & Timothy D. Hotze - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):3 - 13.
    Using medical advances to enhance human athletic, aesthetic, and cognitive performance, rather than to treat disease, has been controversial. Little is known about physicians? experiences, views, and attitudes in this regard. We surveyed a national sample of physicians to determine how often they prescribe enhancements, their views on using medicine for enhancement, and whether they would be willing to prescribe a series of potential interventions that might be considered enhancements. We find that many physicians occasionally prescribe enhancements, but doctors hold (...)
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  49.  63
    The Frankenstein Syndrome: Ethical and Social Issues in the Genetic Engineering of Animals.Bernard E. Rollin - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a philosophically sophisticated and scientifically well-informed discussion of the moral and social issues raised by genetically engineering animals, a powerful technology which has major implications for society. Unlike other books on this emotionally charged subject, the author attempts to inform, not inflame, the reader about the real problems society must address in order to manage this technology. Bernard Rollin is both a professor of philosophy, and physiology and biophysics, and writes from a uniquely well-informed perspective on (...)
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  50.  42
    Inspired Translation: Synthesizing Qualitative Research and Boot Camp Translation to Achieve Meaningful Community Engagement.Bethany M. Kwan, Suzanne R. Millward, Meleah Himber, Julie Ressalam, Heidi Wald, Matthew Wynia & Marilyn E. Coors - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):29-31.
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