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Matthew C. Altman [37]Matthew Christopher Altman [1]
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Matthew Altman
Central Washington University
  1. Kant on Sex and Marriage: The Implications for the Same-Sex Marriage Debate.Matthew C. Altman - 2010 - Kant-Studien 101 (3):309-330.
    When examined critically, Kant's views on sex and marriage give us the tools to defend same-sex marriage on moral grounds. The sexual objectification of one's partner can only be overcome when two people take responsibility for one another's overall well-being, and this commitment is enforced through legal coercion. Kant's views on the unnaturalness of homosexuality do not stand up to scrutiny, and he cannot (as he often tries to) restrict the purpose of sex to procreation. Kant himself rules out marriage (...)
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  2.  18
    Kant and Applied Ethics: The Uses and Limits of Kant's Practical Philosophy.Matthew C. Altman - 2011 - Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Kant and Applied Ethics_ makes an important contribution to Kant scholarship, illuminating the vital moral parameters of key ethical debates. Offers a critical analysis of Kant’s ethics, interrogating the theoretical bases of his theory and evaluating their strengths and weaknesses Examines the controversies surrounding the most important ethical discussions taking place today, including abortion, the death penalty, and same-sex marriage Joins innovative thinkers in contemporary Kantian scholarship, including Christine Korsgaard, Allen Wood, and Barbara Herman, in taking Kant’s philosophy in new (...)
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  3. The Decomposition of the Corporate Body: What Kant Cannot Contribute to Business Ethics.Matthew C. Altman - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (3):253-266.
    Kant is gaining popularity in business ethics because the categorical imperative rules out actions such as deceptive advertising and exploitative working conditions, both of which treat people merely as means to an end. However, those who apply Kant in this way often hold businesses themselves morally accountable, and this conception of collective responsibility contradicts the kind of moral agency that underlies Kant's ethics. A business has neither inclinations nor the capacity to reason, so it lacks the conditions necessary for constraint (...)
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  4.  2
    The Palgrave Kant Handbook.Matthew C. Altman (ed.) - 2017 - Palgrave Macmillan.
    This remarkably comprehensive Handbook provides a multifaceted yet carefully crafted investigation into the work of Immanuel Kant, one of the greatest philosophers the world has ever seen. With original contributions from leading international scholars in the field, this authoritative volume first sets Kant’s work in its biographical and historical context. It then proceeds to explain and evaluate his revolutionary work in metaphysics and epistemology, logic, ethics, aesthetics, philosophy of science, philosophy of religion, political philosophy, philosophy of history, philosophy of education, (...)
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  5.  25
    A Consequentialist Argument for Considering Age in Triage Decisions During the Coronavirus Pandemic.Matthew C. Altman - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (4):356-365.
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  6. The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism.Matthew C. Altman (ed.) - 2014 - London: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    German Idealism was without doubt one of the most fruitful, influential, and exciting periods in the history of philosophy. The Palgrave Handbook of German Idealism covers this revolutionary philosophical movement in remarkable detail and includes contributions from 36 of the leading scholars in the field, including Paul Guyer, Terry Pinkard, Violetta Waibel, Jason Wirth, and Günter Zöller. In his introduction, Matthew Altman investigates the meaning of idealism and sets the historical context. Ensuing chapters then consider the philosophical importance of the (...)
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  7.  29
    The Limits of Kant’s Cosmopolitanism: Theory, Practice, and the Crisis in Syria.Matthew C. Altman - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (2):179-204.
    Although Kant defends a cosmopolitan ideal, his philosophy is problematically vague regarding how to achieve it, which lends support to the empty formalism charge. How Kant would respond to the crisis in Syria reveals that judgement plays too central a role, because Kantian principles lead to equally reasonable but opposite conclusions on how to weigh the duty of hospitality to refugees against a state’s duty to its own citizens, the right of prevention towards ISIS against the duty not to harm (...)
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  8.  4
    A Two-Aspects View of Punishment.Matthew C. Altman - 2018 - In Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur Und Freiheit. Akten des Xii. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 2275-2282.
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  9.  4
    Kant in the Time of COVID.Matthew C. Altman - 2022 - Kantian Journal 41 (1):89-117.
    During the coronavirus pandemic, communities have faced shortages of important healthcare resources such as COVID-19 vaccines, medical staff, ICU beds and ventilators. Public health officials in the U.S. have had to make decisions about two major issues: which infected patients should be treated first, and which people who are at risk of infection should be inoculated first. Following Beauchamp and Childress’s principlism, adopted guidelines have tended to value both whole lives and life-years. This process of collective moral reasoning has revealed (...)
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  10.  11
    Punishment Theory, Mass Incarceration, and the Overdetermination of Racialized Justice.Matthew C. Altman & Cynthia D. Coe - forthcoming - Criminal Law and Philosophy:1-19.
    In recent years, scholars have documented the racial disparities of mass incarceration. In this paper we argue that, although retributivism and deterrence theory appear to be race-neutral, in the contemporary U.S. context these seemingly contrary theories function jointly to rationalize racial inequities in the criminal justice system. When people of color are culturally associated with criminality, they are perceived as both irresponsible and hyperresponsible, a paradox that reflects their status as what Charles Mills calls subpersons. Following from this paradox, criminality (...)
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  11.  71
    What's the Use of Philosophy? Democratic Citizenship and the Direction of Higher Education.Matthew C. Altman - 2004 - Educational Theory 54 (2):143-155.
  12. Matters of Spirit: J. G. Fichte and the Technological Imagination. [REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (2):259-261.
  13.  11
    Kant and Theodicy: A Search for an Answer to the Problem of Evil by George Huxford.Matthew C. Altman - 2021 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 59 (2):333-334.
    A theodicy attempts to reconcile the existence of evil with the belief in an omnipotent, omniscient, and omnibenevolent God. Hume, among others, thought that they were incompatible, and he used it as an argument against God's existence. Leibniz claimed that this was the best of all possible worlds because metaphysical evil is unavoidable and moral and physical evil lead to greater goods. Kant, however, has mostly been left out of the conversation. George Huxford seeks to correct this.The problem of evil (...)
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  14.  23
    Can Suicide Preserve One’s Dignity? Kant and Kantians on the Moral Response to Cognitive Loss.Matthew C. Altman - 2020 - Kant-Studien 111 (4):593-611.
    Kantian defenders of suicide for the soon-to-be demented claim that killing oneself would protect rather than violate a person’s inherent worth. The loss of cognitive functions reduces someone to a lower moral status, so they believe that suicide is a way of preserving or preventing the loss of dignity. I argue that they misinterpret Kant’s examples and fail to appreciate the reasons behind his absolute prohibition on suicide. Although Kant says that one may have to sacrifice one’s life to fulfill (...)
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  15.  16
    Nishida Among the Idealists.Matthew C. Altman - 2020 - Philosophy East and West 70 (4):860-880.
    In his theoretical philosophy, Immanuel Kant argues that experience comes from two sources that are radically different but equally necessary: the rule-governed activity of thinking and the givenness of sensations. He supposes that both could be traced to some common root but concludes that whatever it is, is in principle unknowable. Kant's idealist successors, J.G. Fichte and F.W.J. Schelling, each attempt to provide a unified account of experience by identifying the ultimate basis of subject and object—Fichte by referring to the (...)
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  16.  30
    Kant's Theory of Normativity: Exploring the Space of Reason by Konstantin Pollok. [REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2018 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (1):177-178.
    Konstantin Pollok's ambitious aim in this book is to formulate a unified theory of normativity that runs throughout Kant's three Critiques. Specifically, he argues that, on Kant's view, synthetic a priori principles structure "the space of reason" and determine the validity of our judgments. Such principles are constitutive of our epistemological, ethical, and aesthetic practices by setting the conditions for what makes a meaningful judgment in those areas, but they are also normative in that the particular judgments we make can (...)
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  17.  55
    The Self as Creature and Creator: Fichte and Freud Against the Enlightenment.Matthew C. Altman & Cynthia D. Coe - 2007 - Idealistic Studies 37 (3):179-202.
    The conception of subjectivity that dominates the Western philosophical tradition, particularly during the Enlightenment, sets up a simple dichotomy: either the subject is ultimately autonomous or it is merely a causally determined thing. Fichte and Freud challenge this model by formulating theories of subjectivity thattranscend this opposition. Fichte conceives of the subject as based in absolute activity, but that activity is qualified by a check for which it is not ultimately responsible. Freud explains the behavior of the self in terms (...)
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  18.  46
    Subjecting Ourselves to Capital Punishment: A Rejoinder to Kantian Retributivism.Matthew C. Altman - 2005 - Public Affairs Quarterly 19 (4):247-264.
  19.  47
    Mandatory Ultrasound Laws and the Coercive Use of Informed Consent.Cynthia D. Coe & Matthew C. Altman - 2012 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 16 (1):16-30.
    Requiring that a woman who is seeking an abortion be given the opportunity to view an ultrasound of her fetus has spread from anti-abortion “pregnancy resource centers” to state laws. Proponents of these laws claim that having access to the ultrasound image is necessary for a woman to make a medically informed decision. In this paper, we argue that ultrasound examinations frame fetuses visually and linguistically as persons and interpellate pregnant women as mothers, with all of the cultural meaning invested (...)
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  20.  45
    On the Uses and Disadvantages of the Ticking Bomb Case for Life.Matthew C. Altman - 2012 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (1):19-28.
    The ticking bomb case is meant to challenge absolute prohibitions on the use of torture. In “Imaginary Cases,” Michael Davis attempts to show that such cases can only be legitimately employed within certain limited parameters. In this paper, I explain how the ticking bomb case, suitably revised, does not run afoul of Davis’s prohibition on impossible content. The fact that torture could elicit the necessary information is enough; we need not stipulate a guaranteed result. I also defend philosophers’ use of (...)
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  21.  36
    Ethics Beyond the Academy: Service-Learning as Professional Development.Matthew C. Altman - 2010 - Teaching Philosophy 33 (2):149-171.
    In addition to preparing students for graduate school or emphasizing transferable skills that are useful in any career, philosophy departments ought to give majors the education and work experience that will train them to become ethics officers outside of academia. This is a growing field that allows students to engage non-philosophers in setting corporate policies and addressing morally significant social issues. Using a course in medical ethics as an example, I show how incorporating service-learning into philosophy classes benefits students both (...)
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  22. A Companion to Kant's: Critique of Pure Reason.Matthew C. Altman - 2008 - Routledge.
    Immanuel Kant's groundbreaking Critique of Pure Reason inaugurated a new way of understanding the world that continues to impact philosophy to the present day. With clear explanations and numerous examples, A Companion to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason takes students step by step through the book in a way that captures their interest without sacrificing depth or intellectual rigor. Although it is informed by recent Anglo-American scholarship, the Companion focuses on Kant's own arguments rather than secondary texts and scholarly debates (...)
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  23.  4
    A Theory of Legal Punishment: Deterrence, Retribution, and the Aims of the State.Matthew C. Altman - 2021 - Routledge.
    "This book argues for a mixed view of punishment that balances consequentialism and retributivism. He has published extensively on philosophy and applied ethics. A central question in the philosophy of law is why the state's punishment of its own citizens is justified. Traditionally, two theories of punishment have dominated the field: consequentialism and retributivism. According to consequentialism, punishment is justified when it maximizes positive outcomes. According to retributivism, criminals should be punished because they deserve it. This book defends a mixed (...)
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  24.  4
    The Palgrave Kant Handbook.Matthew C. Altman (ed.) - 2017 - London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
    This remarkably comprehensive Handbook provides a multifaceted yet carefully crafted investigation into the work of Immanuel Kant, one of the greatest philosophers the world has ever seen. With original contributions from leading international scholars in the field, this authoritative volume first sets Kant’s work in its biographical and historical context. It then proceeds to explain and evaluate his revolutionary work in metaphysics and epistemology, logic, ethics, aesthetics, philosophy of science, philosophy of religion, political philosophy, philosophy of history, philosophy of education, (...)
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  25.  15
    Kant and the Philosophy of Mind: Perception, Reason, and the Self. [REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (1):229-231.
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  26.  40
    Hegel and the Modern Arts. [REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (3):381-382.
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  27.  30
    The Significance of the Other in Moral Education: Fichte on the Birth of Subjectivity.Matthew C. Altman - 2008 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 25 (2):175 - 186.
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  28.  39
    German Idealism and the Concept of Punishment. [REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (5):953-956.
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  29.  22
    Decentering Anthropocentrisms: A Functional Approach to Animal Minds.Matthew C. Altman - 2015 - Between the Species 18 (1).
    Anthropocentric biases manifest themselves in two different ways in research on animal cognition. Some researchers claim that only humans have the capacity for reasoning, beliefs, and interests; and others attribute mental concepts to nonhuman animals on the basis of behavioral evidence, and they conceive of animal cognition in more or less human terms. Both approaches overlook the fact that language-use deeply informs mental states, such that comparing human mental states to the mental states of nonlinguistic animals is misguided. In order (...)
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  30.  43
    Review of J.G. Fichte, Walter E. Wright (Ed.), The Science of Knowing: J. G. Fichte's 1804 Lectures on the Wissenschaftslehre[REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2005 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2005 (11).
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  31.  22
    Idealism is the Only Possible Philosophy: Systematicity and the Fichtean Fact of Reason.Matthew C. Altman - 2001 - Idealistic Studies 31 (1):1-30.
    Fichte develops his idealism through a higher-level critique: only through the Fichtean fact of reason can one justify a systematic transcendental idealism, thereby making possible the self-sufficiency of theoretical reason. By examining the metaphilosophical implications of our immediate consciousness of the moral law, Fichte is able to assert the necessary metaphilosophical primacy of practical reason for any possible wissenschaftlich philosophy as well as the philosophical unity of theory and practice within such a system.
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  32.  24
    Santayana’s Troubled Distinction: Aesthetics and Ethics in The Sense of Beauty.Matthew C. Altman - 1998 - Overheard in Seville 16 (16):25-34.
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  33.  30
    Review of Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Allen Wood (Ed.), Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation[REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2010 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2010 (5).
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  34.  28
    Willful History: Nietzsche, Nihilism, and the Possibility of Freedom.Matthew C. Altman & Cynthia D. Coe - 2004 - International Studies in Philosophy 36 (3):5-13.
  35.  13
    The Paradoxes of Convalescent History.Cynthia D. Coe & Matthew C. Altman - 2005 - New Nietzsche Studies 6 (3/4/1/2):116-128.
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  36.  8
    The Teleology of Reason: A Study of the Structure of Kant’s Critical Philosophy by Courtney D. Fugate. [REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (4):788-789.
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  37.  7
    Thinking Through the Wissenschaftslehre: Themes From Fichte’s Early Philosophy by Daniel Breazeale. [REVIEW]Matthew C. Altman - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (1):164-165.