Results for 'Matthew B. Kearnes'

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  1.  25
    Nanotechnology, Governance, and Public Deliberation: What Role for the Social Sciences?Phil Macnaghten, , Matthew B. Kearnes & Brian Wynne - 2005 - Science Communication 27 (2):268-291.
    In this article we argue that nanotechnology represents an extraordinary opportunity to build in a robust role for the social sciences in a technology that remains at an early, and hence undetermined, stage of development. We examine policy dynamics in both the United States and United Kingdom aimed at both opening up, and closing down, the role of the social sciences in nanotechnologies. We then set out a prospective agenda for the social sciences and its potential in the future shaping (...)
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  2.  33
    Wittgenstein's Tractatus: A Dialectical Interpretation.Matthew B. Ostrow - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Wittgenstein once wrote that 'The philosopher strives to find the liberating word, that is, the word that finally permits us to grasp what up until now has intangibly weighed down our consciousness'. Would Wittgenstein have been willing to describe the Tractatus as an attempt to find 'the liberating word'? This is the basic contention of this strikingly innovative study of the Tractatus. Matthew Ostrow argues that, far from seeking to offer a new theory in logic in the tradition of (...)
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  3.  3
    Structuring Thought: Concepts, Computational Syntax, and Cognitive Explanation.Matthew B. Gifford - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
    The topic of this dissertation is what thought must be like in order for the laws and generalizations of psychology to be true. I address a number of contemporary problems in the philosophy of mind concerning the nature and structure of concepts and the ontological status of mental content. Drawing on empirical work in psychology, I develop a number of new conceptual tools for theorizing about concepts, including a counterpart model of concepts' role in linguistic communication, and a deflationary theory (...)
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  4. Al-Ghazālī on Condemnation of Pride and Self-Admiration (Kitāb Dhamm al-kibr wa’l-ʿujb): Book XXIX of the Revival of the Religious Sciences (Iḥyāʾ ʿulūm al-dīn). Translated by Mohammed Rustom.Matthew B. Ingalls - 2022 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 141 (2).
    Al-Ghazālī on Condemnation of Pride and Self-Admiration : Book XXIX of the Revival of the Religious Sciences. Translated by Mohammed Rustom. Cambridge: The Islamic Texts Society, 2018. Pp. xxxvi + 190. £17.99.
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  5. Much more than fairness : the shape of justice in the new testament.Matthew B. Arbo - 2014 - In Greg Forster & Anthony B. Bradley (eds.), John Rawls and Christian Social Engagement: Justice as Unfairness. Lexington Books.
     
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  6. Repeated judgments in elicitation tasks: efficacy of the MOLE method.Matthew B. Welsh, Michael D. Lee & Steve H. Begg - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  7.  16
    Dying of gallstones.Matthew B. Weinger, Edward J. Dunn & Felicia Cohn - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (1):14.
  8. Skepticism and elegance: problems for the abductivist reply to Cartesian skepticism.Matthew B. Gifford - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 164 (3):685-704.
    Some philosophers argue that we are justified in rejecting skepticism because it is explanatorily inferior to more commonsense hypotheses about the world. Focusing on the work of Jonathan Vogel, I show that this “abductivist” or “inference to the best explanation” response rests on an impoverished explanatory framework which ignores the explanatory gap between an object's having certain properties and its appearing to have those properties. Once this gap is appreciated, I argue, the abductivist strategy is defeated.
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  9.  7
    Matthew B. HASTINGS.Elings Hall - 2012 - In Jürg Fröhlich (ed.), Quantum Theory From Small to Large Scales. Oxford University Press. pp. 95--171.
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  10. Parity is Not Enough! Mental Health, Managed Care, and Medicaid.Matthew B. Lawrence - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (3):480-484.
    This commentary describes limitations of mental health parity requirements in ensuring access to insurance coverage for mental health treatment and surveys regulatory options employed by states in Medicaid managed care programs as supplements to parity that can further reduce the risk of inappropriate denials of coverage.
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  11.  10
    Understanding expertise and non-analytic cognition in fingerprint discriminations made by humans.Matthew B. Thompson, Jason M. Tangen & Rachel A. Searston - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  12.  7
    The computably enumerable degrees are locally non-cappable.Matthew B. Giorgi - 2004 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 43 (1):121-139.
    We prove that every non-computable incomplete computably enumerable degree is locally non-cappable, and use this result to show that there is no maximal non-bounding computably enumerable degree.
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  13.  29
    Healthcare providers' knowledge and attitudes about rapid tissue donation (RTD): phase one of establishing a rapid tissue donation programme in thoracic oncology.Matthew B. Schabath, Jessica McIntyre, Christie Pratt, Luis E. Gonzalez, Teresita Munoz-Antonia, Eric B. Haura & Gwendolyn P. Quinn - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (2):139-142.
    In preparation for the development of a rapid tissue donation programme, we surveyed healthcare providers in our institution about knowledge and attitudes related to RTD with lung cancer patients. A 31-item web based survey was developed collecting data on demographics, knowledge and attitudes about RTD. The survey contained three items measuring participants’ knowledge about RTD, five items assessing attitudes towards RTD recruitment and six items assessing HCPs’ level of agreement with factors influencing decisions to discuss RTD. Response options were presented (...)
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  14.  22
    A high c.e. degree which is not the join of two minimal degrees.Matthew B. Giorgi - 2010 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 75 (4):1339-1358.
    We construct a high c.e. degree which is not the join of two minimal degrees and so refute Posner's conjecture that every high c.e. degree is the join of two minimal degrees. Additionally, the proof shows that there is a high c.e. degree a such that for any splitting of a into degrees b and c one of these degrees bounds a 1-generic degree.
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  15.  22
    The moral foundations of professional ethics. By Alan H. Goldman. Totowa, N.j.: Rowman and Littlefield. 1980. Pp. X, 305. [REVIEW]Matthew B. Seltzer - 1982 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 27 (1):166-177.
    In The Moral Foundation of Professional Ethics Alan H. Goldman provides a general approach to the evaluation of the ethical responsibilities of professionals in diverse fields, and offers specific prescriptions for judges, politicians, lawyers, doctors, and businesspersons. This Review Essay describes Goldman’s principal arguments and conclusions, and illuminates a number of the major difficulties with his treatment of professional ethics. First, his argument for a common moral framework is not compelling. It is not clear, as Goldman claims, that it is (...)
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  16.  11
    A high noncuppable e-degree.Matthew B. Giorgi - 2008 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 47 (3):181-191.
    We construct a \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\Sigma^0_2}$$\end{document}e-degree which is both high and noncuppable. Thus demonstrating the existence of a high e-degree whose predecessors are all properly \documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document}$${\Sigma^0_2}$$\end{document}.
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  17.  22
    Refinement and unique Mackey decomposition for manuals and orthalogebras.Matthew B. Younce - 1990 - Foundations of Physics 20 (6):691-700.
    In the empirical logic approach to quantum mechanics, the physical system under consideration is given in terms of a manual of sample spaces. The resulting propositional structure has been shown to form an orthoalgebra, generalizing the structure of an orthomodular poset. An orthoalgebra satisfies the unique Mackey decomposition (UMD) property if, given two commuting propositions a and b, there is a unique jointly orthogonal triple (e, f, c) such that a=e⊕c and b=f⊕c. In a manual, E is refined by F (...)
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  18.  24
    Case Study: Dying of Gallstones.Matthew B. Weinger, Edward J. Dunn & Felicia Cohn - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (1):14.
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  19.  25
    Ethical Contradiction and the Fractured Community in Lucan's "Bellum Civile".Matthew B. Roller - 1996 - Classical Antiquity 15 (2):319-347.
    Lucan's "Bellum Civile" is a poem filled with ethical contradictions. This paper contends that at least some of these contradictions can be traced to competing views regarding the composition of the community in civil war: the view that one's opponent is a civis and the view that he is a hostis are available simultaneously. Therefore the position that it is morally wrong to attack a member of one's own community competes with the position that it is morally right to use (...)
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  20. Why Liberal Neutrality Prohibits Same-Sex Marriage: Rawls, Political Liberalism, and the Family.Matthew B. O'Brien - 2012 - British Journal of American Legal Studies 1 (2):411-466.
    John Rawls’s political liberalism and its ideal of public reason are tremendously influential in contemporary political philosophy and in constitutional law as well. Many, perhaps even most, liberals are Rawlsians of one stripe or another. This is problematic, because most liberals also support the redefinition of civil marriage to include same-sex unions, and as I show, Rawls’s political liberalism actually prohibits same- sex marriage. Recently in Perry v. Schwarzenegger, however, California’s northern federal district court reinterpreted the traditional rational basis review (...)
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  21.  19
    Demolished Houses, Monumentality, and Memory in Roman Culture.Matthew B. Roller - 2010 - Classical Antiquity 29 (1):117-180.
    This article examines the tradition of punitive house demolition during the Roman Republic, but from a sociocultural rather than institutional-legal perspective. Exploiting recent scholarship on the Roman house, on exemplarity, and on memory sanctions, I argue that narratives of house demolition constitute a form of ethically inflected political discourse, whose purpose is to stigmatize certain social actors as malefactors of a particular sort . The demolition itself is symbolically resonant, and the resultant stigma is propagated by subsequent monuments—various structures, toponyms, (...)
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  22.  6
    A high noncuppable $${\Sigma^0_2}$$ e-degree.Matthew B. Giorgi - 2008 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 47 (3):181-191.
    We construct a ${\Sigma^0_2}$ e-degree which is both high and noncuppable. Thus demonstrating the existence of a high e-degree whose predecessors are all properly ${\Sigma^0_2}$.
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  23.  8
    The computably enumerable degrees are locally non-cappable.Matthew B. Giorgi - 2003 - Archive for Mathematical Logic -1 (1):1-1.
  24.  3
    Multiple Representations of Space by the Cockroach, Periplaneta americana.Matthew B. Pomaville & David D. Lent - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  25.  13
    Matthew B. Arbo, Political Vanity: Adam Ferguson on the Moral Tensions of Early Capitalism.Craig Smith - 2016 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 14 (2):197-200.
  26.  1
    “I’m in Control”: Compensatory Manhood in a Therapeutic Community.Matthew B. Ezzell - 2012 - Gender and Society 26 (2):190-215.
    Based on participant observation and in-depth interviews, this article analyzes the ways that male residents in a drug treatment program signified a masculine self through compensatory manhood acts. I analyze four strategies of identity work that men used during group accountability sessions called “games”: signifying masculinity through aggression; subordinating women and nonconventional men; calling others to account as men; and “keeping your head”: managing emotions to assert control. This article adds to our understanding of the ways that compensatory manhood acts (...)
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  27.  89
    Elizabeth Anscombe and the New Natural Lawyers on Intentional Action.Matthew B. O'Brien - 2013 - National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly (1):47-56.
  28.  39
    The Second-Person Perspective in Aquinas's Ethics: Virtues and Gifts. [REVIEW]Matthew B. O'Brien - 2012 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
  29.  1
    News of War: Civilian Poetry 1936–1945 by Rachel Galvin.Matthew B. Smith - 2019 - Substance 48 (3):112-117.
    Rachel Galvin’s News of War: Civilian Poetry 1936–1945 is a focused and forceful study of six major modernist poets who crafted similar styles in response to WWII and the Spanish Civil War: César Vallejo, W.H. Auden, Wallace Stevens, Raymond Queneau, Marianne Moore, and Gertrude Stein. A chapter is dedicated to each of these poets, with the exception of Auden, in many respects the book’s central figure, who is treated in two consecutive chapters. As can be seen in her choice of (...)
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  30.  33
    Review of Matthew B. Ostrow, Wittgenstein's Tractatus: A Dialectical Interpretation[REVIEW]Christopher Pincock - 2003 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (1).
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  31. The value of manual work.Maria Pia Chirinos, Matthew B. Crawford & Marco D'Avenia - 2012 - Acta Philosophica 21 (1):171 - 184.
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  32. Treasures of the University Canterbury Library.C. Jones, B. Matthews & J. Clement (eds.) - 2011 - Canterbury University Press.
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  33. Objects of Intention: A Hylomorphic Critique of the New Natural Law Theory.Matthew B. O’Brien & Robert C. Koons - 2012 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (4):655-703.
    The “New Natural Law” Theory (NNL) of Germain Grisez, John Finnis, Joseph Boyle, and their collaborators offers a distinctive account of intentional action, which underlies a moral theory that aims to justify many aspects of traditional morality and Catholic doctrine. -/- In fact, we show that the NNL is committed to premises that entail the permissibility of many actions that are irreconcilable with traditional morality and Catholic doctrine, such as elective abortions. These consequences follow principally from two aspects of the (...)
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  34.  43
    Objects of Intention: A Hylomorphic Critique of the New Natural Law Theory.Matthew B. O’Brien & Robert C. Koons - 2012 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (4):655-703.
    The “New Natural Law” Theory (NNL) of Grisez, Finnis, Boyle, and their collaborators offers a distinctive account of intentional action, which underlies a moral theory that aims to justify many aspects of traditional morality and Catholic doctrine. In fact, we show that the NNL is committed to premises that entail the permissibility of many actions that are irreconcilable with traditional morality and Catholic doctrine, such as elective abortions. These consequences follow principally from the NNL’s planning theory of intention coupled with (...)
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  35.  18
    Elizabeth Anscombe and the New Natural Lawyers on Intentional Action.Matthew B. O’Brien - 2013 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 13 (1):47-56.
    In Intention and her subsequent essays that addressed human action, Elizabeth Anscombe made signal contributions to the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition, and to western philosophy more broadly. The new natural law theory of Germain Grisez, John Finnis, Joseph Boyle, and their collaborators mistakenly claims to be consonant with Anscombe’s work. A central reason for this misappropriation lies in the failure to understand the ways in which Anscombe does and does not deploy a “first-person perspective” in analyzing intentional action. Far from supporting the (...)
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  36. To fear or not to fear: what was the question? A potential role for Ras‐GRF in memory.Steven Finkbeiner & Matthew B. Dalva - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (9):691-695.
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  37.  35
    Perspectives on animal consciousness.Soemini Kasanmoentalib & Matthew B. H. Visser - 1997 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (3):215-215.
  38.  6
    What Does Food Retail Research Tell Us About the Implications of Coronavirus (COVID-19) for Grocery Purchasing Habits?Rosemarie Martin-Neuninger & Matthew B. Ruby - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  39. Teacher leadership.Ann Lieberman, Ellen R. Saxl & Matthew B. Miles - 1988 - In Building a Professional Culture in Schools. Teachers College Press.
     
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  40.  24
    Aerobic fitness is associated with greater white matter integrity in children.Laura Chaddock-Heyman, Kirk I. Erickson, Joseph L. Holtrop, Michelle W. Voss, Matthew B. Pontifex, Lauren B. Raine, Charles H. Hillman & Arthur F. Kramer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  41.  5
    Social Solidarity in Health Care, American-Style.Erin C. Fuse Brown, Matthew B. Lawrence, Elizabeth Y. McCuskey & Lindsay F. Wiley - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (3):411-428.
    The ACA shifted U.S. health policy from centering on principles of actuarial fairness toward social solidarity. Yet four legal fixtures of the health care system have prevented the achievement of social solidarity: federalism, fiscal pluralism, privatization, and individualism. Future reforms must confront these fixtures to realize social solidarity in health care, American-style.
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  42.  41
    Inside Jokes: Using Humor to Reverse-Engineer the Mind.Matthew M. Hurley, Daniel Clement Dennett & Reginald B. Adams - 2011 - MIT Press.
    Why do we spend so much of our time passing on amusing anecdotes, making wisecracks,watching The Simpsons? In Inside Jokes, Matthew Hurley, DanielDennett, and Reginald Adams offer an evolutionary and cognitive perspective.
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  43.  16
    Responses - Gareth B. Matthews.GB Matthews - unknown
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  44.  22
    Altruism in terminal cancer patients and rapid tissue donation program: does the theory apply? [REVIEW]Gwendolyn P. Quinn, Devin Murphy, Christie Pratt, Teresita Muñoz-Antonia, Lucy Guerra, Matthew B. Schabath, Marino E. Leon & Eric Haura - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):857-864.
    Rapid tissue donation (RTD) is an advancing oncology research procedure for collecting tumors, metastases, and unaffected tissue 2–6 h after death. Researchers can better determine rates of progression, response to treatment, and polymorphic differences among patients. Cancer patients may inquire about posthumous body donation for research to offer a personal contribution to research; however, there are barriers to recruiting for an RTD program. Physicians must reassure the patient that their treatment options and quality of care will not be compromised due (...)
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  45.  36
    Inside Jokes: Using Humor to Reverse-Engineer the Mind.Matthew M. Hurley, Daniel Clement Dennett & Reginald B. Adams - 2013 - MIT Press.
    Some things are funny -- jokes, puns, sitcoms, Charlie Chaplin, The Far Side, Malvolio with his yellow garters crossed -- but why? Why does humor exist in the first place? Why do we spend so much of our time passing on amusing anecdotes, making wisecracks, watching _The Simpsons_? In _Inside Jokes_, Matthew Hurley, Daniel Dennett, and Reginald Adams offer an evolutionary and cognitive perspective. Humor, they propose, evolved out of a computational problem that arose when our long-ago ancestors were (...)
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  46.  21
    Remaking Participation in Science and Democracy.Matthew Kearnes & Jason Chilvers - 2020 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 45 (3):347-380.
    Over the past few decades, significant advances have been made in public engagement with, and the democratization of, science and technology. Despite notable successes, such developments have often struggled to enhance public trust, avert crises of expertise and democracy, and build more socially responsive and responsible science and innovation. A central reason for this is that mainstream approaches to public engagement harbor what we call “residual realist” assumptions about participation and publics. Recent coproductionist accounts in science and technology studies offer (...)
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  47. The Lords of the Rings: People and pigeons take different paths mastering the concentric-rings categorization task.Ellen M. O'Donoghue, Matthew B. Broschard, John H. Freeman & Edward A. Wasserman - 2022 - Cognition 218 (C):104920.
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  48.  6
    Models from the Past in Roman Culture: A World of Exempla by Matthew B. Roller.Ellen O’ Gorman - 2019 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 112 (3):229-230.
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  49.  8
    Use of a Portable Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy System to Examine Team Experience During Crisis Event Management in Clinical Simulations.Jie Xu, Jason M. Slagle, Arna Banerjee, Bethany Bracken & Matthew B. Weinger - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  50.  20
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Bettina G. Bergo, Bernard Boxill, Matthew B. Crawford, Patrick Croskery, Michael J. Degnan, Paul Graham, Kenneth Kipnis, Avery H. Kolers, Henry S. Richardson & David S. Weberman - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):884-889.
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