Results for 'Mathias Wullum Nielsen'

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  1.  16
    The Societal Readiness Thinking Tool: A Practical Resource for Maturing the Societal Readiness of Research Projects.Michael J. Bernstein, Mathias Wullum Nielsen, Emil Alnor, André Brasil, Astrid Lykke Birkving, Tung Tung Chan, Erich Griessler, Stefan de Jong, Wouter van de Klippe, Ingeborg Meijer, Emad Yaghmaei, Peter Busch Nicolaisen, Mika Nieminen, Peter Novitzky & Niels Mejlgaard - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (1):1-32.
    In this paper, we introduce the Societal Readiness Thinking Tool to aid researchers and innovators in developing research projects with greater responsiveness to societal values, needs, and expectations. The need for societally-focused approaches to research and innovation—complementary to Technology Readiness frameworks—is presented. Insights from responsible research and innovation concepts and practice, organized across critical stages of project-life cycles are discussed with reference to the development of the SR Thinking Tool. The tool is designed to complement not only shortfalls in TR (...)
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  2.  4
    Kontanthjælpsmodtagerens kritiske register.Mathias Herup Nielsen - 2015 - Slagmark - Tidsskrift for Idéhistorie 71:63-77.
    This article investigates different acts of political protests currently floating from unemployed citizens who are being affected by recent retrenchment policy reforms. Whereas most of the existing literature tends to portray political protest as either collective and public or individual and private, this article attempts instead to shed light on the plurality of normative resources activated by the unemployed in a highly critical situation. Thereby the analysis moves between the collective and the individual as well as between the public and (...)
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  3.  28
    Documentation of ethically relevant information in out-of-hospital resuscitation is rare: a Danish nationwide observational study of 16,495 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests. [REVIEW]Kristian Bundgaard Ringgren, Kenneth Lübcke, Heinrich Dedenroth Larsen, Julie Linding Bogh Kjerulff, Gunhild Kjærgaard-Andersen, Theo Walther Jensen, Mathias Geldermann Holgersen, Lars Borup, Stig Nikolaj Fasmer Blomberg, René Arne Bergmann, Søren Mikkelsen, Dorthe Susanne Nielsen, Helle Collatz Christensen, Annmarie Lassen, Erika Frischknecht Christensen, Caroline Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Lars Grassmé Binderup & Louise Milling - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-10.
    BackgroundDecision-making in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest should ideally include clinical and ethical factors. Little is known about the extent of ethical considerations and their influence on prehospital resuscitation. We aimed to determine the transparency in medical records regarding decision-making in prehospital resuscitation with a specific focus on ethically relevant information and consideration in resuscitation providers’ documentation.MethodsThis was a Danish nationwide retrospective observational study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests from 2016 through 2018. After an initial screening using broadly defined inclusion criteria, two experienced (...)
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  4.  24
    An Engineer’s View of an Ideal Society: The Economic Reforms of C.H. Douglas, 1916-1920.Janet Martin-Nielsen - 2007 - Spontaneous Generations 1 (1):95.
    Intellectual engineering movements in early 20th century America – including scientific management, the progressive engineering platform, and technocracy – have received a great deal of attention from historians. Contemporaneous with these American movements, a British engineer was also developing a system of social and economic reform: the engineer was Major Clifford Hugh Douglas and the reforms would form the foundations of the Social Credit philosophy. While Social Credit has been studied extensively as a political and economic system, little consideration has (...)
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  5.  10
    Was Leibniz a Generalist?Thomas Møller-Nielsen - 2015 - Studia Leibnitiana 47 (1):8-43.
  6.  40
    Weak Discernibility, Again.Thomas Møller-Nielsen - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
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  7. On the Best Accuracy Arguments for Probabilism.Michael Nielsen - 2022 - Philosophy of Science 89 (3):621-630.
    In a recent paper, Pettigrew reports a generalization of the celebrated accuracy-dominance theorem due to Predd et al., but Pettigrew’s proof is incorrect. I will explain the mistakes and provide a correct proof.
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  8. Obligation, Permission, and Bayesian Orgulity.Michael Nielsen & Rush T. Stewart - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6.
    This essay has two aims. The first is to correct an increasingly popular way of misunderstanding Belot's Orgulity Argument. The Orgulity Argument charges Bayesianism with defect as a normative epistemology. For concreteness, our argument focuses on Cisewski et al.'s recent rejoinder to Belot. The conditions that underwrite their version of the argument are too strong and Belot does not endorse them on our reading. A more compelling version of the Orgulity Argument than Cisewski et al. present is available, however---a point (...)
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  9.  54
    Mental disorder as both natural and normative: Developing the normative dimension of the 3e conceptual framework for psychopathology.Kristopher Nielsen & Tony Ward - 2020 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 40 (2):107-123.
  10.  43
    Limitations of ethical reasoning as an action (praxis) strategy.Richard P. Nielsen - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (10):725 - 733.
    For both philosophers and managers, reasoning with ourselves and others can be used both as (1) a way of knowing what is ethical and (2) a way of acting to help ourselves, others and organizations behave ethically. However, for many of us, knowing is frequently not the same as acting. Four areas are addressed: (1) thirteen limitations of ethical reasoning as an action strategy; (2) how a better understanding of these limitations can strengthen ethical reasoning as an action strategy; (3) (...)
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  11.  50
    On needing a moral theory: Rationality, considered judgements and the grounding of morality.Kai Nielsen - 1982 - Metaphilosophy 13 (2):97–116.
  12.  22
    Own-world and Common World in Schizophrenia: Towards a Theory of Anthropological Proportions.Kasper Møller Nielsen - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-21.
    The conceptual pair of own-world and common world constitutes an archaic pair, originally introduced by Heraclitus. More than two millennia after its introduction, Binswanger picked up this conceptual pair in the attempt to understand existence and mental disorder. Ever since, this conceptual pair has been part of the conceptualization of schizophrenia in phenomenological psychopathology. However, the concepts of ídios kósmos and koinós kósmos have seldomly been elaborated and expanded upon, and certain unclarities rest within the literature. This paper resolves some (...)
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  13.  58
    Marx and Morality.Kai Nielsen & Steven C. Patten - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (2):306-308.
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  14.  44
    Organization Ethics from a Perspective of Praxis.Richard P. Nielsen - 1993 - Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (2):131-152.
    Organization ethics praxis is theory and method of appropriate action for addressing ethics issues and developing ethical organizations. The perspective of praxis (theory and method of action) is important and different from the perspectives of theoria (theory of understanding), epistemology (ways of knowing), and ontology (ways of being/existing). Praxis is the least developed area within the field of organization ethics. Differences between theoria and praxis are considered within the context of Kohlberg—Gilligan developmental ethics where part of the controversy may be (...)
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  15.  40
    On linear aggregation of infinitely many finitely additive probability measures.Michael Nielsen - 2019 - Theory and Decision 86 (3-4):421-436.
    We discuss Herzberg’s :319–337, 2015) treatment of linear aggregation for profiles of infinitely many finitely additive probabilities and suggest a natural alternative to his definition of linear continuous aggregation functions. We then prove generalizations of well-known characterization results due to :410–414, 1981). We also characterize linear aggregation of probabilities in terms of a Pareto condition, de Finetti’s notion of coherence, and convexity.
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  16.  7
    Marxism and the Moral Point of View: Morality, Ideology, and Historical Materialism.Kai Nielsen - 1989 - Philosophy 65 (254):530-532.
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  17.  33
    On Not Needing to Justify Equality.Kai Nielsen - 1988 - International Studies in Philosophy 20 (3):55-71.
  18.  21
    Globalization and Justice.Kai Nielsen - 2003 - Humanity Books.
    Will globalization promote or hinder social justice throughout the world? In this cogent analysis philosopher Kai Nielsen argues that in its present form capitalist globalization will only ensure that the rich get richer and the poor poorer. Noting that the ratio of the richest countries to the poorest has steadily grown larger under capitalism in the 20th century and that the total dollar value of the world economy has increased fivefold while the number of people living in poverty has (...)
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  19.  68
    Naturalism and Religion.Kai Nielsen - 1998 - Philo 1 (1):45-62.
    There are, it is argued, conceptually and empirically adequate naturalistic explanations of religion that explain religion without explaining it away and without leaving out anything needed fully to comprehend religious phenomena. Moreover, naturalistic explanations arc sometimes also critiques of religion. This article concerns itself with a subspecies of such explanations through articulating and defending some naturalistic criticisms of the truth-claims of religion. The rationale is displayed for naturalistic thinkers going from truth-claim analyses to functional analyses and the central naturalistic explanations (...)
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  20.  38
    Opening Narrow, Routinized Schemata to Ethical Stakeholder Consciousness and Action.Richard P. Nielsen & Jean M. Bartunek - 1996 - Business and Society 35 (4):483-519.
    Ethical problems with stakeholder relationships sometimes occur because organizational members are operating out of narrowly scripted organizational routines that do not include an explicit ethical component. In this article we describe methods of single-loop, double-loop, and triple-loop action learning that aim at helping organizational members develop understandings that incorporate conscious ethical considerations in stakeholder relationships. We describe the extent to which these methods achieve "second-order" change in the direction of ethical stakeholder relationships, give examples of the use of each of (...)
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  21.  19
    Marxism and the Moral Point of View: Morality, Ideology, and Historical Materialism.Kai Nielsen - 1987 - American Philosophical Quarterly 24 (4):295 - 306.
  22.  34
    Negotiating as an ethics action (praxis) strategy.Richard P. Nielsen - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (5):383 - 390.
    Ethical reasoning as an action (praxis) as opposed to a knowing (epistemology) strategy is not always effective in guilding ethical, stopping or turning around unethical organizational behavior. In contrast, nonviolent forcing strategies can be very effective, but also destructive. If reasoning is an idealistic thesis and forcing is its pragmatic, material antithesis, then do we need a synthesis action (praxis) strategy such as problem solving negotiating? There are also limitations with negotiating.
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  23.  12
    Organizational Prevention and Management Strategies for Workplace Aggression Among Child Protection Workers: A Project Protocol for the Oslo Workplace Aggression Survey.Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Jan Olav Christensen, Jørn Hetland & Live Bakke Finne - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  24.  4
    License to Harass: Law, Hierarchy, and Offensive Public Speech: Law, Hierarchy, and Offensive Public Speech.Laura Beth Nielsen - 2006 - Princeton University Press.
    Offensive street speech--racist and sexist remarks that can make its targets feel both psychologically and physically threatened--is surprisingly common in our society. Many argue that this speech is so detestable that it should be banned under law. But is this an area covered by the First Amendment right to free speech? Or should it be banned? In this elegantly written book, Laura Beth Nielsen pursues the answers by probing the legal consciousness of ordinary citizens. Using a combination of field (...)
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  25.  4
    Marxism and the Moral Point of View: Morality, Ideology, and Historical Materialism.Kai Nielsen - 1989 - Studies in Soviet Thought 44 (2):142-144.
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  26.  53
    On there being philosophical knowledge.Kai Nielsen - 1990 - Theoria 56 (3):193-225.
  27.  16
    Only CDT values knowledge.Michael Nielsen - 2023 - Analysis 84 (1):67-82.
    Causal decision theory is often motivated as a ‘revision of [decision theory] intended to solve Newcomb’s problem’ (Bacon 2022). In this paper, I give a direct argument for CDT by deriving it from a venerable decision-theoretic principle: the value of knowledge principle. The general framework that I use to deliver this result also supports a new argument for conditionalization.
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  28.  25
    Liberal Reasonability a Critical Tool? Reflections After Rawls.Kai Nielsen - 1998 - Dialogue 37 (4):739-.
    RÉSUMÉ: Le recours au raisonnable est partout présent dans l’œuvre de John Rawls. Et cependant, le concept lui-même est souvent vu comme problématique et nombreux sont ceux qui pensent que le raisonnable ne saurait avoir la portée cruciale que Rawls lui attribue. Le concept est ici élucidé et certaines conceptualisations du raisonnable sont explicitées. L’auteur soutient que ces conceptualisations permettent au raisonnable de jouer le rôle-clé que Rawls en attend.
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  29.  1
    Liberal Reasonability a Critical Tool? Reflections After Rawls.Kai Nielsen - 1998 - Dialogue 37 (4):739-760.
    RésuméLe recours au raisonnable est partout présent dans l'œuvre de John Rawls. Et cependant, le concept lui-même est souvent vu comme problématique et nombreux sont ceux quipensent que le raisonnable ne saurait avoir la portée cruciale que Rawls lui attribue. Le concept est ici élucidé et certaines conceptualisations du raisonnable sont explicitées. L'auteur soutient que ces conceptualisationspermettent au raisonnable dejouer le rôle-clé que Rawls en attend.
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  30.  37
    Marxism, Ideology, and Moral Philosophy.Kai Nielsen - 1980 - Social Theory and Practice 6 (1):53-68.
  31.  12
    On Fixing the Reference Range of 'God'.Kai Nielsen - 1966 - Religious Studies 2 (1):13 - 36.
    It is fair enough to refer, as Father Clarke does, to the God of the Christians and the Jews as ‘the one infinite Creator of all other things’. It is reasonable to take ‘God’ as a term that has certain conditions associated with it. These conditions fix its meaning. The central conditions associated with ‘God’ are: being infinite or unlimited, eternal, self-existent, the creator of everything that exists other than himself, the being upon whom all other beings are dependent but (...)
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  32.  19
    On Refusing to Play the Sceptic's Game.Kai Nielsen - 1972 - Dialogue 11 (3):348-359.
  33.  5
    Naturalistic Explanations of Theistic Belief.Kai Nielsen - 2010 - In Charles Taliaferro, Paul Draper & Philip L. Quinn (eds.), A Companion to Philosophy of Religion. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 519–525.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Works cited Additional recommendations by editors.
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  34.  12
    Didactology as a Field of Theory and Research in Music Education.Frede V. Nielsen - 2005 - Philosophy of Music Education Review 13 (1):5-19.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Philosophy of Music Education Review 13.1 (2005) 5-19 [Access article in PDF] Didactology as a Field of Theory and Research in Music Education Frede V. Nielsen Danish University of Education, Copenhagen Two problem areas which both concern the question of music pedagogy as a field of theory and research are addressed in this paper. The first one concerns the question of the normative and prescriptive versus the descriptive (...)
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  35. On Poietic Remembering and Forgetting: Hermeneutic Recollection and Diotima’s Historico-Hermeneutic Leanings.Cynthia R. Nielsen - 2018 - Symposium 22 (2):107-134.
    Like human existence itself, our enduring legacies—whether poetic, ethical, political, or philosophical—continually unfold and require recurrent communal engagement and (re)enactment. In other words, an ongoing performance of significant works must occur, and this task requires the collective human activity of re-membering or gathering-together-again. In the Symposium, Diotima provides an account of human pursuits of immortality through the creation of artifacts, including laws, poems, and philosophical discourses that resonates with Gadamer’s account of our engagement with artworks and texts. This essay explores (...)
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  36. On justifying violence.Kai Nielsen - 1981 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):21 – 57.
    I discuss the justification of political violence even within democracies. I define ?violence? and indicate how its evaluative force sometimes has conceptually distorting effects. Though acts of violence are at least prima facie wrong, circumstances can arise where, even in democracies, some of them are morally justified. To establish this, three paradigm cases of non?revolutionary political violence are examined. The question is then discussed whether revolutionary violence is ever justified as a means of establishing or promoting human freedom and happiness. (...)
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  37.  10
    Black Deconstruction: Russell Atkins and the Reconstruction of African-American Criticism.Aldon Lynn Nielsen - 1996 - Diacritics 26 (3/4):86-103.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Black Deconstruction: Russell Atkins and the Reconstruction of African-American CriticismAldon Lynn Nielsen (bio)“What does that signify?” “It don’t signify nothin’ Mr. Warner.”—Russell Atkins, MaleficiumThere are, everywhere unheard (as one might see deep in an electron microscope) rigidities violently breaking—Russell Atkins, WhicheverCritical debates about the applicability of recent literary theories to the reading of African-American writing have often been marked by curious lacunae. Despite the rapid proliferation of critical (...)
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  38. Foucault, Douglass, Fanon, and Scotus in dialogue: on social construction and freedom.Cynthia R. Nielsen - 2013 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Through examining Douglass's and Fanon's concrete experiences of oppression, Cynthia R. Nielsen demonstrates the empirical validity of Foucault's theoretical analyses concerning power, resistance, and subject-formation. Going beyond merely confirming Foucault's insights, Douglass and Fanon expand, strengthen, and offer correctives to the emancipatory dimensions of Foucault's project. Unlike Foucault, Douglass and Fanon were not hesitant to make transhistorical judgments condemning slavery and colonization. Foucault's reticence here signals a weakness in his account of human being. This weakness sets him at cross-purposes (...)
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  39. Interstitial Soundings: Philosophical Reflections on Improvisation, Practice, and Self-Making.Cynthia R. Nielsen - 2015 - Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock Publishers.
    In Interstitial Soundings, Cynthia R. Nielsen brings music and philosophy into a fruitful and mutually illuminating dialogue. Topics discussed include the following: music's dynamic ontology, performers and improvisers as co-composers, the communal character of music, jazz as hybrid and socially constructed, the sociopolitical import of bebop, Afro-modernism and its strategic deployments, jazz and racialized practices, continuities between Michel Foucault's discussion of self-making and creating one's musical voice, Alasdair MacIntyre on practice, and how one might harmonize MacIntyre's notion of virtue (...)
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  40.  13
    Nietzsche und die Musik.Cathrin Nielsen - forthcoming - Rhuthmos.
    Cet article a déjà paru dans Beiträge zur geistigen Situation der Gegenwart Jg. 8, Heft 3. Nous remercions Cathrin Nielsen de nous voir permis de la reproduire ici. Im Oktober 1887, also knapp zwei Jahre vor seinem geistigen Zusammenbruch, schreibt Nietzsche an Hermann Levi in München : „Vielleicht hat es nie einen Philosophen gegeben, der in dem Grade im Grund so sehr Musiker war, wie ich es bin“. Wenig später vertraut er seinem engen Freund Heinrich Köselitz alias Peter Gast (...)
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  41.  21
    On ascertaining what is intrinsically good.Kai Nielsen - 1976 - Journal of Value Inquiry 10 (2):137-139.
  42.  28
    On finding one's feet in philosophy: From Wittgenstein to Marx.Kai Nielsen - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (1):1–11.
  43.  7
    Out of harm’s way?Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2004 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 39 (1):49-66.
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  44.  37
    Multisite functional connectivity MRI classification of autism: ABIDE results.Jared A. Nielsen, Brandon A. Zielinski, P. Thomas Fletcher, Andrew L. Alexander, Nicholas Lange, Erin D. Bigler, Janet E. Lainhart & Jeffrey S. Anderson - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  45. Meta-philosophy, Once Again.Kai Nielsen - 2012 - Philo 15 (1):55-96.
    I examine what I shall call meta-philosophy: a philosophical examination into what philosophy is, can be, should be, something of what it has been, what the point (if any) of it is and what, if anything, it can contribute to our understanding of and the making sense of our lives, including our lives individually and together, and of the social order in which we live.
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  46.  5
    Luigi Pareyson og eksistentialismen.Jens Viggo Nielsen - 2008 - Agora Journal for metafysisk spekulasjon 26 (4):56-93.
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  47.  13
    Morality and Commitment.Kai Nielsen - 1977 - Idealistic Studies 7 (1):94-107.
    Philosophers out of the idealist tradition—Kant, preeminently F. H. Bradley and H. J. Paton among our near contemporaries—have tried to set out a kind of objectivist grounding for moral principles which, I shall argue, moral principles do not and indeed could not possess. There have been many sadly defective rhetorical arguments against both absolutism and subjectivism in ethics; and rhetoric, in a quite different and indeed legitimate sense, has been employed to show that many anti-absolutist and pro-subjectivist arguments rest on (...)
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  48.  10
    Morality and Class.Kai Nielsen - 1980 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 27:67-77.
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  49.  4
    Morality and Class.Kai Nielsen - 1980 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 27:67-77.
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  50.  1
    Morality and Class.Kai Nielsen - 1980 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 27:67-77.
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