Results for 'Mathias Thura'

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  1.  7
    Une Réévaluation de la Métaphore Thé'trale Chez Goffman.Mathias Thura - 2012 - Revue de Synthèse 133 (4):565-596.
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  2.  47
    Inconsistency, Asymmetry and Non Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics.Mathias Frisch - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Mathias Frisch provides the first sustained philosophical discussion of conceptual problems in classical particle-field theories. Part of the book focuses on the problem of a satisfactory equation of motion for charged particles interacting with electromagnetic fields. As Frisch shows, the standard equation of motion results in a mathematically inconsistent theory, yet there is no fully consistent and conceptually unproblematic alternative theory. Frisch describes in detail how the search for a fundamental equation of motion is partly driven by pragmatic considerations (...)
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  3. Causal Reasoning in Physics.Mathias Frisch - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Much has been written on the role of causal notions and causal reasoning in the so-called 'special sciences' and in common sense. But does causal reasoning also play a role in physics? Mathias Frisch argues that, contrary to what influential philosophical arguments purport to show, the answer is yes. Time-asymmetric causal structures are as integral a part of the representational toolkit of physics as a theory's dynamical equations. Frisch develops his argument partly through a critique of anti-causal arguments and (...)
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  4.  6
    Mathias Risse Replies.Mathias Risse - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):254-259.
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  5.  79
    On God and Guilt: A Reply to Aaron Ridley.Mathias Risse - 2005 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 29 (1):46-53.
    1. Let me begin by distinguishing two conceptions of guilt. The first conceives of guilt as an experience of reprehensible failure in response to specific actions. I feel guilty if I break a promise for reasons that cannot justify this transgression. This conception of guilt as a responsive attitude, which I call locally- reactive guilt, captures a tension in one’s agency that arises from a local failure. The second conception understands guilt as a condition that shapes one’s whole existence. Guilt, (...)
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  6. ""Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy Phone:(617) 495-9811 Email: [email protected] Harvard. Edu Faculty Url: Http://Www. Hks. Harvard. Edu/About/Faculty-Staff-Directory/Mathias-Risse Reviews Risse, Mathias." Responsibility for Justice." Review of Responsibility for Justice, by Iris Marion Young. [REVIEW]Mathias Risse - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 224.
  7.  6
    On Justice: Philosophy, History, Foundations.Mathias Risse - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    Though much attention has been paid to different principles of justice, far less has been done reflecting on what the larger concern behind the notion is. In this work, Mathias Risse proposes that the perennial quest for justice is about ensuring that each individual has an appropriate place in what our uniquely human capacities permit us to build, produce, and maintain, and is appropriately respected for the capacity to hold such a place to begin with. Risse begins by investigating (...)
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  8.  19
    Mathias Forcing and Combinatorial Covering Properties of Filters.David Chodounský, Dušan Repovš & Lyubomyr Zdomskyy - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (4):1398-1410.
    We give topological characterizations of filters${\cal F}$onωsuch that the Mathias forcing${M_{\cal F}}$adds no dominating reals or preserves ground model unbounded families. This allows us to answer some questions of Brendle, Guzmán, Hrušák, Martínez, Minami, and Tsaban.
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  9. Severity as a Priority Setting Criterion: Setting a Challenging Research Agenda.Mathias Barra, Mari Broqvist, Erik Gustavsson, Martin Henriksson, Niklas Juth, Lars Sandman & Carl Tollef Solberg - 2019 - Health Care Analysis 1:1-20.
    Priority setting in health care is ubiquitous and health authorities are increasingly recognising the need for priority setting guidelines to ensure efficient, fair, and equitable resource allocation. While cost-effectiveness concerns seem to dominate many policies, the tension between utilitarian and deontological concerns is salient to many, and various severity criteria appear to fill this gap. Severity, then, must be subjected to rigorous ethical and philosophical analysis. Here we first give a brief history of the path to today’s severity criteria in (...)
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  10.  23
    Hope Abjuring Hope: On the Place of Utopia in Realist Political Theory.Mathias Thaler - 2018 - Political Theory 46 (5):671-697.
    This essay reconstructs the place of utopia in realist political theory, by examining the ways in which the literary genre of critical utopias can productively unsettle ongoing discussions about “how to do political theory.” I start by analyzing two prominent accounts of the relationship between realism and utopia: “real utopia” and “dystopic liberalism”. Elaborating on Raymond Geuss’s recent reflections, the essay then claims that an engagement with literature can shift the focus of these accounts. Utopian fiction, I maintain, is useful (...)
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  11. How Semantic Memory Structure and Intelligence Contribute to Creative Thought: A Network Science Approach.Mathias Benedek, Yoed N. Kenett, Konstantin Umdasch, David Anaki, Miriam Faust & Aljoscha C. Neubauer - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (2):158-183.
    The associative theory of creativity states that creativity is associated with differences in the structure of semantic memory, whereas the executive theory of creativity emphasises the role of top-down control for creative thought. For a powerful test of these accounts, individual semantic memory structure was modelled with a novel method based on semantic relatedness judgements and different criteria for network filtering were compared. The executive account was supported by a correlation between creative ability and broad retrieval ability. The associative account (...)
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  12.  3
    Warning Through Extrapolation: On the Practical Aims of Dystopia.Mathias Thaler - 2022 - Utopian Studies 33 (1):90-106.
    ABSTRACT This article contributes to a better understanding of dystopia’s practical aims by offering a critical defense of what Gregory Claeys calls the “Atwood Principle.” Derived from the writings of Canadian author Margaret Atwood, it establishes a yardstick for separating speculative fiction from science fiction. I argue that, rather than elevating it to the status of a genre definer, the Atwood Principle should be vindicated in terms of a heuristic device for contextually identifying the central mechanism underpinning dystopias: warning through (...)
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  13.  2
    Severity as a Priority Setting Criterion: Setting a Challenging Research Agenda.Mathias Barra, Mari Broqvist, Erik Gustavsson, Martin Henriksson, Niklas Juth, Lars Sandman & Carl Tollef Solberg - 2020 - Health Care Analysis 28 (1):25-44.
    Priority setting in health care is ubiquitous and health authorities are increasingly recognising the need for priority setting guidelines to ensure efficient, fair, and equitable resource allocation. While cost-effectiveness concerns seem to dominate many policies, the tension between utilitarian and deontological concerns is salient to many, and various severity criteria appear to fill this gap. Severity, then, must be subjected to rigorous ethical and philosophical analysis. Here we first give a brief history of the path to today’s severity criteria in (...)
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  14.  43
    Mathias–Prikry and Laver–Prikry Type Forcing.Michael Hrušák & Hiroaki Minami - 2014 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 165 (3):880-894.
    We study the Mathias–Prikry and Laver–Prikry forcings associated with filters on ω. We give a combinatorial characterization of Martinʼs number for these forcing notions and present a general scheme for analyzing preservation properties for them. In particular, we give a combinatorial characterization of those filters for which the Mathias–Prikry forcing does not add a dominating real.
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  15. Metrik Im Altsprachlichen Unterricht (Ars Didactica; Vol. 4).Mathias Frisch (ed.) - 2018 - Kartoffeldruck-Verlag Kai Brodersen.
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  16.  52
    On Global Justice.Mathias Risse - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    The grounds of justice -- "Un pouvoir ordinaire": shared membership in a state as a ground of -- Justice -- Internationalism versus statism and globalism: contemporary debates -- What follows from our common humanity? : the institutional stance, human rights, and nonrelationism -- Hugo Grotius revisited : collective ownership of the Earth and global public reason -- "Our sole habitation" : a contemporary approach to collective ownership of the earth -- Toward a contingent derivation of human rights -- Proportionate use (...)
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  17.  3
    Science et Territoires de l’ignorance.Mathias Girel - 2017 - 78000 Versailles, France: Quae.
    L’ignorance peut être autre chose que la pure absence de savoir ou que le simple fait d’être privé de connaissances possédées par d’autres : elle peut être domptée, elle peut aussi être produite. Quels sont les variétés et les modes de l’ignorance, et pourquoi est-il essentiel d’en tenir compte dans les débats environnementaux et sanitaires ? Lorsqu’elle est « produite », comme l’estiment certains, comment l’est-elle ? L’ouvrage répond à ces questions et, au-delà de l’opposition tranchée entre l’ignorance conçue comme (...)
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  18.  3
    Kill Your Favorite Dish: Examining the Role of New Carnivorism in Perpetuating Meat Eating.Mathias Elrød Madsen & Marie Leth-Espensen - 2019 - Society and Animals 29 (4):376-392.
    Scholars and activists opposing the killing of nonhuman animals have long shared the assumption that the invisibility of the animals killed for meat is one of the most significant factors when it comes to explaining how meat eating is perpetuated. However, a recent tendency towards a new visibility of these animals and their physical transformation into meat fundamentally challenges this assumption. The present paper addresses this discrepancy by examining an example of what has been described as “New Carnivorism” in the (...)
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  19.  12
    The Meaning of Care and Ethics to Mitigate the Harshness of Triage in Second-Wave Scenario Planning During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Mathias Wirth, Laurèl Rauschenbach, Brian Hurwitz, Heinz-Peter Schmiedebach & Jennifer A. Herdt - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):W17-W19.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page W17-W19.
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  20.  1
    Kant Und Die Heterogenität der Erkenntnisquellen.Birrer Mathias - 2017 - Berlin, DE and Boston, USA: De Gruyter.
    Vor dem Hintergrund der Debatte um nichtbegriffliche Vorstellungsinhalte sucht diese Arbeit ein adäquates Verständnis von Kants Lehre der Erkenntnisquellen, Sinnlichkeit und Verstand, und der Ungleichartigkeit der anschaulichen und begrifflichen Vorstellungsweise, speziell bezüglich der Transzendentalen Ästhetik, der Lehre der transzendentalen Synthesis der Einbildungskraft (Selbstaffektion) und der Theorie des transzendentalen Schematismus. -/- Engaging in the Kantian debate on the existence of non-conceptual content, this work attempts to provide an adequate understanding of Kant’s doctrine of the two sources of human knowledge, sensibility and (...)
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  21.  4
    Do Not Despair About Severity—Yet.Mathias Barra, Mari Broqvist, Erik Gustavsson, Martin Henriksson, Niklas Juth, Lars Sandman & Carl Tollef Solberg - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (8):557-558.
    In a recent extended essay, philosopher Daniel Hausman goes a long way towards dismissing severity as a morally relevant attribute in the context of priority setting in healthcare. In this response, we argue that although Hausman certainly points to real problems with how severity is often interpreted and operationalised within the priority setting context, the conclusion that severity does not contain plausible ethical content is too hasty. Rather than abandonment, our proposal is to take severity seriously by carefully mapping the (...)
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  22.  24
    Next Speakers Plan Their Turn Early and Speak After Turn-Final “Go-Signals”.Mathias Barthel, Antje S. Meyer & Stephen C. Levinson - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  23.  2
    The Timing of Utterance Planning in Task-Oriented Dialogue: Evidence From a Novel List-Completion Paradigm.Barthel Mathias, Sauppe Sebastian, C. Levinson Stephen & S. Meyer Antje - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  24.  18
    Speech Planning at Turn Transitions in Dialog Is Associated With Increased Processing Load.Mathias Barthel & Sebastian Sauppe - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (7).
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  25.  9
    The Triple Transformation: The Emergence of Philosophy in Deleuze and Guattari.Mathias Schönher - 2019 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 33 (4):610-627.
    Philosophy emerged for the first time in ancient Greece and, according to Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, it arose decisively with Plato through a triple transformation. Even today, the thought and creation of philosophy still require a triple transformation, despite the fact that the historical preconditions under which a philosopher pursues his or her task have changed since Greek antiquity. In this article, I introduce the concept of the triple transformation, which ensues from my examination of What is Philosophy?, the (...)
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  26.  3
    Raum und Zeit, formale Anschauung und Kants Erkenntnisdualismus von Sinnlichkeit und Verstand.Mathias Birrer - 2018 - In Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur Und Freiheit. Akten des Xii. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. De Gruyter. pp. 1159-1166.
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  27.  53
    Happy Families.A. R. D. Mathias - 1977 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 12 (1):59.
  28.  23
    Bleak Dreams, Not Nightmares.Mathias Thaler - 2019 - Constellations 26 (4):607-622.
  29.  10
    Time and Educational (Re-)Forms—Inquiring the Temporal Dimension of Education.Mathias Decuypere & Pieter Vanden Broeck - 2020 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 52 (6):602-612.
    Volume 52, Issue 6, June - July 2020, Page 602-612.
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  30. No Place for Causes? Causal Skepticism in Physics.Mathias Frisch - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (3):313-336.
    According to a widespread view, which can be traced back to Russell’s famous attack on the notion of cause, causal notions have no legitimate role to play in how mature physical theories represent the world. In this paper I first critically examine a number of arguments for this view that center on the asymmetry of the causal relation and argue that none of them succeed. I then argue that embedding the dynamical models of a theory into richer causal structures can (...)
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  31.  16
    Mathias Risse and Gabriel Wollner: On Trade Justice: A Philosophical Plea for a New Global Deal: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. Hardback (ISBN-13: 9780198837411). $30,00. 288 pp.Benjamin Ferguson - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 24 (4):1069-1071.
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  32.  77
    Predictivism and Old Evidence: A Critical Look at Climate Model Tuning.Mathias Frisch - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (2):171-190.
    Many climate scientists have made claims that may suggest that evidence used in tuning or calibrating a climate model cannot be used to evaluate the model. By contrast, the philosophers Katie Steele and Charlotte Werndl have argued that, at least within the context of Bayesian confirmation theory, tuning is simply an instance of hypothesis testing. In this paper I argue for a weak predictivism and in support of a nuanced reading of climate scientists’ concerns about tuning: there are cases, model-tuning (...)
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  33.  9
    Generalized “Satisfaction of Search”: Adverse Influences on Dual-Target Search Accuracy.Mathias S. Fleck, Ehsan Samei & Stephen R. Mitroff - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 16 (1):60-71.
  34. Cambridge Summer School in Mathematical Logic.A. R. D. Mathias & H. Rogers (eds.) - 1973 - New York: Springer Verlag.
  35.  7
    Gilles Deleuze’s Philosophy of Nature: System and Method in What is Philosophy?.Mathias Schönher - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (7-8):89-107.
    For its elliptical style, What is Philosophy? appears to be fragmentary and inscrutable, and its reception has been correspondingly contentious. Following an intimation by Gilles Deleuze himself, this article proposes that his final book, written in collaboration with Félix Guattari, contains a philosophy of nature. To address this proposition, the article begins by outlining the comprehensive system of nature set out in What is Philosophy?, defining it as an open system in motion that conjoins philosophy with the historical preconditions and (...)
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  36. From Arbuthnot to Boltzmann: The Past Hypothesis, the Best System, and the Special Sciences.Mathias Frisch - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1001-1011.
    In recent work on the foundations of statistical mechanics and the arrow of time, Barry Loewer and David Albert have developed a view that defends both a best system account of laws and a physicalist fundamentalism. I argue that there is a tension between their account of laws, which emphasizes the pragmatic element in assessing the relative strength of different deductive systems, and their reductivism or funda- mentalism. If we take the pragmatic dimension in their account seriously, then the laws (...)
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  37. Principle or Constructive Relativity.Mathias Frisch - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (3):176-183.
    I examine Harvey Brown’s account of relativity as dynamic and constructive theory and Michel Janssen recent criticism of it. By contrasting Einstein’s principle-constructive distinction with a related distinction by Lorentz, I argue that Einstein's distinction presents a false dichotomy. Appealing to Lorentz’s distinction, I argue that there is less of a disagreement between Brown and Janssen than appears initially and, hence, that Brown’s view presents less of a departure from orthodoxy than it may seem. Neither the kinematics-dynamics distinction nor Einstein’s (...)
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  38.  70
    Fairness in Trade II: Export Subsidies and the Fair Trade Movement.Malgorzata Kurjanska & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):29-56.
    Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, USA, mathias_risse{at}ksg.harvard.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> It is a widespread view that support for Fair Trade is called for, whereas agricultural subsidies are pegged as unjustifiable. Though one supports farmers in developing countries while the other does the same for those in already developed ones, there are, nonetheless, similarities between both scenarios. Both are economically `inefficient', upholding production beyond what the market would sustain. In both cases, supportive arguments (...)
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  39. ‘The Most Sacred Tenet’? Causal Reasoning in Physics.Mathias Frisch - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (3):459-474.
    According to a view widely held among philosophers of science, the notion of cause has no legitimate role to play in mature theories of physics. In this paper I investigate the role of what physicists themselves identify as causal principles in the derivation of dispersion relations. I argue that this case study constitutes a counterexample to the popular view and that causal principles can function as genuine factual constraints. Introduction Causality and Dispersion Relations Norton's Skepticism Conclusion.
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  40.  46
    Deleuze and Guattari's Conceptual Persona Revisited: The List of Character Traits as a Table of Categories.Mathias Schönher - 2021 - Cosmos and History 3 (17):309-339.
    This article focuses on the distinction between psychosocial types and conceptual personae advanced by Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari in What is Philosophy? The conceptual persona is the tool that a philosopher invents in order to create new concepts with which to bring forth new events. Although they present it as one of the three elements of philosophy, its nature and function and, above all, its conjunctions with psychosocial types have been overlooked by scholars. What is Philosophy? contains a list (...)
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  41.  12
    Eye Behavior Associated with Internally Versus Externally Directed Cognition.Benedek Mathias, Stoiser Robert, Walcher Sonja & Körner Christof - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  42.  3
    A Theory Stuck in Evolutionary and Historical Time.Mathias Osvath & Can Kabadayi - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    We argue that the two temporal cognition systems are conceptually too confined to be helpful in understanding the evolution of temporal cognition. In fact, we doubt there are two systems. In relation to this, we question that the authors did not describe the results of our planning study on ravens correctly, as this is of consequence to their theory.
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  43.  71
    The Molecular Vista: Current Perspectives on Molecules and Life in the Twentieth Century.Mathias Grote, Lisa Onaga, Angela N. H. Creager, Soraya de Chadarevian, Daniel Liu, Gina Surita & Sarah E. Tracy - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (1):1-18.
    This essay considers how scholarly approaches to the development of molecular biology have too often narrowed the historical aperture to genes, overlooking the ways in which other objects and processes contributed to the molecularization of life. From structural and dynamic studies of biomolecules to cellular membranes and organelles to metabolism and nutrition, new work by historians, philosophers, and STS scholars of the life sciences has revitalized older issues, such as the relationship of life to matter, or of physicochemical inquiries to (...)
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  44.  62
    Mechanisms, Principles, and Lorentz's Cautious Realism.Mathias Frisch - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36 (4):659-679.
    I show that Albert Einstein’s distinction between principle and constructive theories was predated by Hendrik A. Lorentz’s equivalent distinction between mechanism- and principle-theories. I further argue that Lorentz’s views toward realism similarly prefigure what Arthur Fine identified as Einstein’s ‘‘motivational realism.’’ r 2005 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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  45.  51
    Erratum To: Metaphysics, Prescription and Methodological Disagreement: A Comment on Mathias Frisch’s Causal Reasoning in Physics.Alexander Reutlinger, Phyllis Illari, Andreas Hüttemann & Mathias Frisch - 2016 - Metascience 25 (2):339-339.
  46.  48
    Climate Policy in the Age of Trump.Frisch Mathias - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (S2):87-106.
    As the record-breaking heat of 2016 continues into 2017, making it likely that 2017 will be the second hottest year on record just behind the El Niño year 2016, and as Arctic heat waves pushing the sea ice extent to record lows are mirrored by large scale sheets of meltwater and even rain in Antarctica—the Trump administration is taking dramatic steps to undo the Obama administration’s climate legacy.In its final years, the Obama administration pursued two principal strategies toward climate policy. (...)
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  47. Does a Low-Entropy Constraint Prevent Us From Influencing the Past?Mathias Frisch - 2007 - In Andreas Hüttemann & Gerhard Ernst (eds.), Time, Chance, and Reduction: Philosophical Aspects of Statistical Mechanics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 13--33.
    David Albert and Barry Loewer have argued that the temporal asymmetry of our concept of causal influence or control is grounded in the statistical mechanical assumption of a low-entropy past. In this paper I critically examine Albert's and Loewer 's accounts.
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  48.  96
    (Dis-)Solving the Puzzle of the Arrow of Radiation.Mathias Frisch - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (3):381-410.
    I criticize two accounts of the temporal asymmetry of electromagnetic radiation - that of Huw Price, whose account centrally involves a reinterpretation of Wheeler and Feynman's infinite absorber theory, and that of Dieter Zeh. I then offer some reasons for thinking that the purported puzzle of the arrow of radiation does not present a genuine puzzle in need of a solution.
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  49.  50
    The Illusion of Purity: Chantal Mouffe’s Realist Critique of Cosmopolitanism.Mathias Thaler - 2010 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 36 (7):785-800.
    Over the last 20 years, cosmopolitan theories have been benefiting greatly from the dialogue between defenders and critics of world citizenship. Yet, the decidedly polemic aspect of this debate, while allowing for intellectual progress, is also responsible for overdrawn generalizations. Instead of entering into the debate directly, this article attempts to refute a specific anti-cosmopolitan claim raised by Chantal Mouffe. Her realist objection to cosmopolitanism, derived from the conceptual framework of agonistic pluralism, is mistaken at a crucial point: a firm (...)
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  50.  71
    Modeling Climate Policies: A Critical Look at Integrated Assessment Models.Mathias Frisch - 2013 - Philosophy and Technology 26 (2):117-137.
    Climate change presents us with a problem of intergenerational justice. While any costs associated with climate change mitigation measures will have to be borne by the world’s present generation, the main beneficiaries of mitigation measures will be future generations. This raises the question to what extent present generations have a responsibility to shoulder these costs. One influential approach for addressing this question is to appeal to neo-classical economic cost–benefit analyses and so-called economy-climate “integrated assessment models” to determine what course of (...)
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