Results for 'Matej C��bik'

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  1. What is Morphological Computation? On How the Body Contributes to Cognition and Control.Vincent C. Müller & Matej Hoffmann - 2017 - Artificial Life 23 (1):1-24.
    The contribution of the body to cognition and control in natural and artificial agents is increasingly described as “off-loading computation from the brain to the body”, where the body is said to perform “morphological computation”. Our investigation of four characteristic cases of morphological computation in animals and robots shows that the ‘off-loading’ perspective is misleading. Actually, the contribution of body morphology to cognition and control is rarely computational, in any useful sense of the word. We thus distinguish (1) morphology that (...)
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  2. Simple or Complex Bodies? Trade-Offs in Exploiting Body Morphology for Control.Matej Hoffmann & Vincent C. Müller - 2017 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Raffaela Giovagnoli (eds.), Representation of Reality: Humans, Other Living Organisms and Intelligent Machines. Berlin: Springer. pp. 335-345.
    Engineers fine-tune the design of robot bodies for control purposes, however, a methodology or set of tools is largely absent, and optimization of morphology (shape, material properties of robot bodies, etc.) is lagging behind the development of controllers. This has become even more prominent with the advent of compliant, deformable or ”soft” bodies. These carry substantial potential regarding their exploitation for control—sometimes referred to as ”morphological computation”. In this article, we briefly review different notions of computation by physical systems and (...)
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  3.  27
    Testing Hypotheses on Risk Factors for Scientific Misconduct Via Matched-Control Analysis of Papers Containing Problematic Image Duplications.Daniele Fanelli, Rodrigo Costas, Ferric C. Fang, Arturo Casadevall & Elisabeth M. Bik - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (3):771-789.
    It is commonly hypothesized that scientists are more likely to engage in data falsification and fabrication when they are subject to pressures to publish, when they are not restrained by forms of social control, when they work in countries lacking policies to tackle scientific misconduct, and when they are male. Evidence to test these hypotheses, however, is inconclusive due to the difficulties of obtaining unbiased data. Here we report a pre-registered test of these four hypotheses, conducted on papers that were (...)
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  4.  64
    Clifford Space as the Arena for Physics.Matej Pavšsič - 2003 - Foundations of Physics 33 (9):1277-1306.
    A new theory is considered according to which extended objects in n-dimensional space are described in terms of multivector coordinates which are interpreted as generalizing the concept of center of mass coordinates. While the usual center of mass is a point, by generalizing the latter concept, we associate with every extended object a set of r-loops, r=0,1,...,n−1, enclosing oriented (r+1)-dimensional surfaces represented by Clifford numbers called (r+1)-vectors or multivectors. Superpositions of multivectors are called polyvectors or Clifford aggregates and they are (...)
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  5.  48
    Clifford Space as a Generalization of Spacetime: Prospects for QFT of Point Particles and Strings. [REVIEW]Matej Pavšič - 2005 - Foundations of Physics 35 (9):1617-1642.
    The idea that spacetime has to be replaced by Clifford space (C-space) is explored. Quantum field theory (QFT) and string theory are generalized to C-space. It is shown how one can solve the cosmological constant problem and formulate string theory without central terms in the Virasoro algebra by exploiting the peculiar pseudo-Euclidean signature of C-space and the Jackiw definition of the vacuum state. As an introduction into the subject, a toy model of the harmonic oscillator in pseudo-Euclidean space is studied.
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  6. Meaning-Constitutive Inferences.Matej Drobňák - 2017 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 24 (1):85-104.
    ABSTRACT: A traditional objection to inferentialism states that not all inferences can be meaning-constitutive and therefore inferentialism has to comprise an analytic-synthetic distinction. As a response, Peregrin argues that meaning is a matter of inferential rules and only the subset of all the valid inferences for which there is a widely shared corrective behaviour corresponds to rules and so determines meaning. Unfortunately, Peregrin does not discuss what counts as “widely shared”. In the paper, I argue for an empirical plausibility of (...)
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  7.  59
    Conspiracy Theories and Reasonable Pluralism.Matej Cíbik & Pavol Hardoš - 2020 - European Journal of Political Theory:147488511989923.
    The popularity of conspiracy theories poses a clear challenge for contemporary liberal democracies. Conspiracy theories undermine rational debate, spread dangerous falsehoods and threaten social co...
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  8. WADDINGTON, C. H. - "The Ethical Animal". [REVIEW]C. H. Whiteley - 1962 - Mind 71:136.
  9.  17
    Inferentialism on Meaning, Content, and Context.Matej Drobňák - 2020 - Acta Analytica 35 (1):35-50.
    In this paper, I show how normative inferentialism could be used to explain several phenomena related to natural languages. First, I show how the distinction between the inferential potential and the inferential significance fits the standard distinction between the meaning of a sentence and the content of an utterance. Second, I show how the distinction could be used to explain ambiguity and free pragmatic enrichment from the perspective of normative inferentialism. The aim of this paper is to establish theoretical foundations (...)
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  10.  29
    Expectations and Obligations.Matej Cibik - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (5):1079-1090.
    Ever since the publication of Scanlon’s Promises and Practices and What We Owe to Each Other, expectations have become an important topic within discussions on promises. However, confining the role of expectations to promises does not do justice to their importance in creating obligations more generally. This paper argues that expectations are one of the major sources of obligations created within our personal relationships. What we owe to our friends, partners, or siblings very often follows neither from the duties associated (...)
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  11.  31
    On the Immorality of Tattoos.Matej Cíbik - 2020 - The Journal of Ethics 24 (2):193-206.
    Tattoos are widely regarded as morally neutral, and the decision to have them as carrying no ethical implications. The aim of this paper is to question this assumption. I argue that decisions to have tattoos involve risks that are not merely prudential—they are normative. The argument starts with a thesis that the power we presently have over our lives is constrained by the need to respect our future selves. If we make a discretionary choice that disregards our future interests and (...)
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  12.  40
    Does It Matter Who is Driving the Trolley?Matej Sušnik - 2016 - Dialectica 70 (1):49-63.
    Contemporary defenses of the doctrine of double effect are mainly focused on avoiding the absurdity charge raised by Judith Thomson (). There are two strategies proposed in the literature for refuting Thomson's argument. In this paper I argue that answering Thomson's challenge comes at a heavy price: while both versions of the DDE that are developed within these two strategies successfully avoid the absurdity charge, they also remain incomplete. Thomson's argument reveals that the proponents of the DDE can at best (...)
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  13.  42
    Strong Motivational Internalism.Matej Sušnik - 2015 - International Philosophical Quarterly 55 (2):165-177.
    Strong motivational internalists claim that the relation between moral judgment and motivation is necessary. It is widely accepted that strong motivational internalism is false because it cannot accommodate various phenomena from common experience. In order to make room for these phenomena, motivational internalists usually propose the weak formulation of their thesis. In the first part of the paper I differentiate between several versions of both strong and weak motivational internalism. In the second part I argue that the reasons for endorsing (...)
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  14. Pluralistická odpověď na otázku obsahu lidové psychologie.Matěj Dražil - 2021 - Pro-Fil 22 (1):1.
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  15.  16
    Prediction of Pharmacist Intention to Provide Medication Disposal Education Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour.Bik-Wai Bilvick Tai, Micah Hata, Stephanie Wu, Sonya Frausto & Anandi V. Law - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (5):653-661.
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  16.  4
    Sing C. Chew, Ecology, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality: Life in the Digital Dark Ages.Joshua C. Gellers - 2021 - Environmental Values 30 (6):789-791.
  17.  40
    The Collected Works of C. G. JUNG.C. G. H. G. Jung - 1953-54 - In Selected Letters of C.G. Jung, 1909-1961. Princeton University Press. pp. 201-210.
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  18.  32
    Jaroslav Peregrin: Člověk a pravidla. [REVIEW]Matej Drobňák - 2012 - Studia Neoaristotelica 9 (3):107-113.
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  19. The Intuition Behind the Non-Identity Problem.Matej Sušnik - 2021 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 21 (3):431-438.
    This paper examines a well-known non-identity case of a mother who chooses to conceive a blind child instead of a sighted one. While some people accept the non-identity argument and claim that we should reject the intuition that the mother’s act is morally wrong, others hold onto that intuition and try to find a fault in the non-identity argument. This paper proposes a somewhat middle approach. It is argued that the conclusion of the non-identity argument is not necessarily in conflict (...)
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  20.  53
    On the Interpretation of the Relativistic Quantum Mechanics with Invariant Evolution Parameter.Matej Pavšič - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (9):1005-1019.
    The relativistic quantum mechanics with Lorentz-invariant evolution parameter and indefinite mass is a very elegant theory. But it cannot be derived by quantizing the usual classical relativity in which there is the mass-shell constraint. In this paper the classical theory is modified so that it remains Lorentz invariant, but the constraint disappears; mass is no longer fixed—it is an arbitrary constant of motion. The quantization of this unconstrained theory gives the relativistic quantum mechanics in which wave functions are localized and (...)
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  21.  31
    Naturalistički moralni realizam.Matej Susnik - 2005 - Prolegomena 4 (2):201-217.
    Predmet ovog rada je vjerojatno najutjecajnija verzija moralnog realizma, poznata kao “moralni realizam naturalizam”. Nakon što predložim formulaciju za koju smatram da najpotpunije opisuje poziciju moralnog realizma, raspravljam o tome je li moguće provesti aposteriornu identifikaciju moralnih i prirodnih svojstava. U drugom dijelu nastojim pokazati da moralni realisti naturalisti ne uspijevaju izbjeći poznatom Mackievu “argumentu iz čudnosti” . Na kraju raspravljam o tome mogu li realisti naturalisti moralnim svojstvima pripisati eksplanatornu moć.The subject of this paper is probably the most influential (...)
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  22.  14
    The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. By C. D. Burns. [REVIEW]C. D. Burns - 1930 - Ethics 41:119.
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  23. Kant and Rawls on the Neutrality of a Liberal State.Matej Cibik - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (5):481-485.
    The conflict between perfectionism and the neutrality of a liberal state is one of the burning issues of contemporary liberalism and political philosophy as a whole. The paper examines the roots of the perfectionist as well as neutralistic thinking, which are found in the philosophies of Immaneul Kant and John Rawls respectively. Through the reconsideration of the latter the character of the conflict can also be redefined. The aim of the paper is to show the basic difference between the above (...)
     
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  24.  52
    Theorizing Sovereignty and European Integration.Matej Avbelj - 2014 - Ratio Juris 27 (3):344-363.
    This article examines the relationship between the concept of sovereignty and the process of European integration. It is argued that the nature of this relationship has been both mutually informative and transformative. As a particular understanding of sovereignty has influenced and determined the perception of European integration, i.e., its conceptualization, so the process of European integration has reflected back on sovereignty and entailed its rethinking. This poses a particular challenge for legal theorists: how to pin down the meaning of sovereignty (...)
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  25. German Idealism: The Struggle Against Subjectivism, 1781-1801 /Frederick C. Beiser.Frederick C. Beiser - 2002 - Harvard University Press.
     
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  26. Epistemology and its Time.Matej Azman - 2008 - Filozofski Vestnik 29 (3):7 - +.
     
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  27.  82
    Freedom to Choose Between Good and Evil: Theological Anthropology in Discussion with Philosophy.Matej Kováčik - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 12 (4):95-115.
    After a brief discussion of the terms determinism and free will, the paper sets out to compare some recent philosophical approaches to the problem of free will with a theological anthropology account of the notion. It aims to defend the claim, that even though different kind of questions are asked on both sides, they tackle similar issues and a complementary approach is needed. Recent philosophy considers the problem mostly from the standpoint of logic, naturalist evolutionary ontology and cognitive science. In (...)
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  28.  60
    A Programme for Christology: C. J. F. WILLIAMS.C. J. F. Williams - 1968 - Religious Studies 3 (2):513-524.
    Christology seems to fall fairly clearly into two divisions. The first is concerned with the truth of the two propositions: ‘Christ is God’ and ‘Christ is a man’. The second is concerned with the mutual compatibility of these propositions. The first part of Christology tends to confine itself to what is sometimes called ‘positive theology’: that is to say, it is largely given over to examining the Jons revelationis —let us not prejudge currently burning issues by asking what this is—to (...)
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  29.  30
    C. Concilio, M. D’Aiuto, S. Polizio: La tradizione metrica della tragedia greca. Preface by P. Volpe Cacciatore. Pp. 74. Naples: Università degli Studi di Salerno, Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità, 2002. Paper, €7.50. No ISBN. [REVIEW]C. W. Willink - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (1):240-240.
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  30. On the Role of Science in Deleuze.Matej T. Vatovec - 2012 - Filozofski Vestnik 33 (3).
     
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  31.  12
    Discourse of the Postgeneration: Remembrance and Identity of the Descendants of the Perpetrators and the Victims of the Holocaust.Julija Matejic - 2012 - Filozofija I Društvo 23 (3):78-90.
    By analyzing the role of the family in the process of inter/transgenerational inheritance of trauma and memory, the paper is an attempt at providing an answer to how the un-experienced past affects the lives of the descendants of the direct perpetrators and victims of the Holocaust, or rather, how it affects the identity forming of the so-called postgeneration. As the temporal distance from the Second World War increases, and as the number of those with immediate experiences and memories decreases, the (...)
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  32.  23
    Arthur C. Danto, Beyond The Brillo Box: The Visual Arts in A Post-Historical Perspective, Mark Tansey: Visions and Revisions.David Carrier & Arthur C. Danto - 1993 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 51 (3):513.
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  33.  8
    Diskurs Postgeneracije. Sećanje I Identitet Potomaka Počinilaca I Žrtava Holokausta.Julija Matejić - 2012 - Filozofija I Društvo 23 (3):78-90.
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  34. William C. Wimsatt.C. William - 1976 - In G. Gordon, Grover Maxwell & I. Savodnik (eds.), Consciousness and the Brain: A Scientific and Philosophical Inquiry. Plenum. pp. 205.
     
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  35.  9
    Looking for an Acheulean Hand-Axe in Messy Knowledge.Matej Vakula - 2018 - Technoetic Arts 16 (3):285-294.
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  36.  72
    On the Resolution of Time Problem in Quantum Gravity Induced From Unconstrained Membranes.Matej Pavšič - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (2):159-195.
    The relativistic theory of unconstrained p-dimensional membranes (p-branes) is further developed and then applied to the embedding model of induced gravity. Space-time is considered as a 4-dimensional unconstrained membrane evolving in an N-dimensional embedding space. The parameter of evolution or the evolution time τ is a distinct concept from the coordinate time t=x0. Quantization of the theory is also discussed. A covariant functional Schrödinger equation has a solution for the wave functional such that it is sharply localized in a certain (...)
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  37.  18
    Speedith: A Reasoner for Spider Diagrams.Matej Urbas, Mateja Jamnik & Gem Stapleton - 2015 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 24 (4):487-540.
    In this paper, we introduce Speedith which is an interactive diagrammatic theorem prover for the well-known language of spider diagrams. Speedith provides a way to input spider diagrams, transform them via the diagrammatic inference rules, and prove diagrammatic theorems. Speedith’s inference rules are sound and complete, extending previous research by including all the classical logic connectives. In addition to being a stand-alone proof system, Speedith is also designed as a program that plugs into existing general purpose theorem provers. This allows (...)
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  38.  37
    A. C. Grayling, "The Refutation of Scepticism".Ralph C. S. Walker - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (145):564.
  39.  38
    C. J. Classen: Diritto, retorica, politica. La strategia retorica di Cicerone . Pp. 396. Bologna: Il Mulino, 1998. Paper, L. 52,000. ISBN: 88-15-05803-6. [REVIEW]C. E. W. Steel - 1999 - The Classical Review 49 (2):574-574.
  40.  40
    Whiteley C. H.. On Meaning and Verifiability. Analysis, Vol. 6 Pp. 79–86.C. H. Langford - 1941 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):104-104.
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  41.  13
    Metaphysics and Morality: Essays in Honour of J. J. C. Smart.J. J. C. Smart, Philip Pettit, Richard Sylvan & Jean Norman (eds.) - 1987 - Blackwell.
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  42.  31
    C. Schulze: Celsus. Pp. 158. Hildesheim, Zurich, and New York: Georg OlmsVerlag, 2001. Paper, €15.80. ISBN: 3-487-11293-0. [REVIEW]C. F. Salazar - 2003 - The Classical Review 53 (1):253-253.
  43.  36
    Review: C. H. Whiteley, On Meaning and Verifiability. [REVIEW]C. H. Langford - 1941 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):104-104.
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  44.  17
    C Wright Mills on Public Education.Faustine C. Jones - 1971 - Educational Theory 21 (3):302-319.
  45. SHEBBEARE, C. J. -The Problem of the Future Life. [REVIEW]C. Lewy - 1940 - Mind 49:487.
     
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  46. WILLIAMS, C. J. F. "What is Truth"? [REVIEW]C. Mcginn - 1977 - Mind 86:630.
     
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  47.  30
    SMART, J. J. C.: "Philosophy and Scientific Realism".M. C. Bradley - 1964 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 42:262.
  48.  23
    C. C. Chang and Yiannis N. Moschovakis. The Suslin-Kleene Theorem for Vκ with Cofinality = Ω. Pacific Journal of Mathematics, Vol. 35 , Pp. 565–569. [REVIEW]C. Smorynski - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (2):245.
  49.  22
    Gr. C. Moisil. Le Algebre di Lukasiewicz. Analele Universitǎţii Bucureşti, Seria Acta Logica, Vol. 6 , Pp. 97–135.C. Sicoe - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (1):187.
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  50.  39
    What Managers Could See in the Philosophical Block of “Free Will”?Matej Drascek & Stane Maticic - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):1-14.
    Business ethics’ theories have come under a lot of criticism lately. The problem has been the lack of a philosophical base or the inadequate implementation of it. We are trying to solve this problem by examining the roots of ethics and then applying it to the business environment. The root that has been undeservedly overlooked has been the concept of free will, the oldest philosophical problem on which every ethics theory lies. We have chosen two theories that we think would (...)
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