Results for 'Massimiliano Gastaldi'

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  1. Visual Feedback Effectiveness in Reducing Over Speeding of Moped-Riders.Mariaelena Tagliabue, Riccardo Rossi, Massimiliano Gastaldi, Giulia De Cet, Francesca Freuli, Federico Orsini, Leandro L. Di Stasi & Giulio Vidotto - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The use of assistance systems aimed at reducing road fatalities is spreading, especially for car drivers, but less effort has been devoted to developing and testing similar systems for powered two-wheelers. Considering that over speeding represents one of the main causal factors in road crashes and that riders are more vulnerable than drivers, in the present study we investigated the effectiveness of an assistance system which signaled speed limit violations during a simulated moped-driving task, in optimal and poor visibility conditions. (...)
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  2. The Parliament of Things and the Anthropocene: How to Listen to ‘Quasi-Objects’.Massimiliano Simons - 2017 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 21 (2/3):1-25.
    Among the contemporary philosophers using the concept of the Anthropocene, Bruno Latour and Isabelle Stengers are prominent examples. The way they use this concept, however, diverts from the most common understanding of the Anthropocene. In fact, their use of this notion is a continuation of their earlier work around the concept of a ‘parliament of things.’ Although mainly seen as a sociology or philosophy of science, their work can be read as philosophy of technology as well. Similar to Latour’s claim (...)
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  3. Composition and Relative Counting.Massimiliano Carrara & Giorgio Lando - 2017 - Dialectica 71 (4):489-529.
    According to the so-called strong variant of Composition as Identity (CAI), the Principle of Indiscernibility of Identicals can be extended to composition, by resorting to broadly Fregean relativizations of cardinality ascriptions. In this paper we analyze various ways in which this relativization could be achieved. According to one broad variety of relativization, cardinality ascriptions are about objects, while concepts occupy an additional argument place. It should be possible to paraphrase the cardinality ascriptions in plural logic and, as a consequence, relative (...)
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  4.  37
    Gatekeepers and Gated Communities: The Role of Technology in Our Shifting Reciprocities.Massimiliano Simons - forthcoming - Philosophy Today.
    In his essay Down to Earth (2018), the French philosopher Bruno Latour proposes a hypothesis that connects a number of contemporary issues, ranging from climate denialism to deregulation and growing inequality. While his hypothesis, that the elites act as if they live in another world and are leaving the rest of the world behind, might seem like a conspiracy theory, I will argue that there is a way to make sense of this hypothesis. To do so, I will turn to (...)
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  5. Obligation to Judge or Judging Obligations: The Integration of Philosophy and Science in Francophone Philosophy of Science.Massimiliano Simons - 2019 - In Emily Herring, Kevin Matthew Jones, Konstantin S. Kiprijanov & Laura M. Sellers (eds.), The Past, Present, and Future of Integrated History and Philosophy of Science. Londen, Verenigd Koninkrijk: pp. 139-160.
    The aim of this chapter is to show how Francophone PS, or what is called French (historical) epistemology, embodies this interconnectedness. Moreover, a novel approach to what constitutes French epistemology will be developed here, going beyond a purely historical survey or a reevaluation of a range of concepts found in this tradition.7 The aim is instead to highlight two methodological principles at work in French epistemology that are often in tension with one another, but are not recognized as such in (...)
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  6.  13
    The Diversity of Engineering in Synthetic Biology.Massimiliano Simons - 2020 - NanoEthics 14 (1):71-91.
    A recurrent theme in the characterization of synthetic biology is the role of engineering. This theme is widespread in the accounts of scholars studying this field and the biologists working in it, in those of the biologists themselves, as well as in policy documents. The aim of this article is to open this black-box of engineering that is supposed to influence and change contemporary life sciences. Too often, both synthetic biologists and their critics assume a very narrow understanding of what (...)
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  7. Were Experiments Ever Neglected? Ian Hacking and the History of Philosophy of Experiment.Massimiliano Simons & Matteo Vagelli - 2021 - Philosophical Inquiries 9 (1):167-188.
    Ian Hacking’s Representing and Intervening is often credited as being one of the first works to focus on the role of experimentation in philosophy of science, catalyzing a movement which is sometimes called the “philosophy of experiment” or “new experimentalism”. In the 1980s, a number of other movements and scholars also began focusing on the role of experimentation and instruments in science. Philosophical study of experimentation has thus seemed to be an invention of the 1980s whose central figure is Hacking. (...)
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  8. Dreaming of a Universal Biology: Synthetic Biology and the Origins of Life.Massimiliano Simons - 2021 - Hyle: International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry 27:91-116.
    Synthetic biology aims to synthesize novel biological systems or redesign existing ones. The field has raised numerous philosophical questions, but most especially what is novel to this field. In this article I argue for a novel take, since the dominant ways to understand synthetic biology’s specificity each face problems. Inspired by the examination of the work of a number of chemists, I argue that synthetic biology differentiates itself by a new regime of articulation, i.e. a new way of articulating the (...)
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  9.  45
    Testing the Causal Theory of Reference.Filippo Domaneschi, Massimiliano Vignolo & Simona Di Paola - 2017 - Cognition 161:1-9.
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  10.  4
    Rethinking the Role of Affect in Risk Judgment: What We Have Learned From COVID-19 During the First Week of Quarantine in Italy.Massimiliano Barattucci, Alice Chirico, Goran Kuvačić & Andrea De Giorgio - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  11.  14
    Culasso Gastaldi Le prossenie ateniesi del IV secolo a.C. Gli onorati asiatici. Pp. 358, ills. Alessandria: Edizioni dell'Orso, 2004. Paper, €25. ISBN: 88-7694-676-4. [REVIEW]Ioanna Kralli - 2006 - The Classical Review 56 (2):402-404.
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  12. Surrationalism After Bachelard: Michel Serres and le Nouveau Nouvel Esprit Scientifique.Massimiliano Simons - 2019 - Parrhesia 31:60-84.
    The work of Michel Serres is often presented as a radical break with the work of Gaston Bachelard. The aim of this paper is to partly correct this image, by focusing on Serres’s early Hermes series (1969-1980). In these books Serres portrays himself as a follower of Bachelard, exemplarily shown in his neologism of the ‘new new scientific spirit’ (le nouveau nouvel esprit scientifique), updating Bachelard in the light of more recent scientific developments. This allows a reinterpretation of the relation (...)
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  13.  11
    Corrigendum: The Dancers' Visuospatial Body Map Explains Their Enhanced Divergence in the Production of Motor Forms: Evidence in the Early Development.Massimiliano Palmiero, Luna Giulianella, Paola Guariglia, Maddalena Boccia, Simonetta D'Amico & Laura Piccardi - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  14.  10
    Neural Correlates of Simulated Driving While Performing a Secondary Task: A Review.Massimiliano Palmiero, Laura Piccardi, Maddalena Boccia, Francesca Baralla, Pierluigi Cordellieri, Roberto Sgalla, Umberto Guidoni & Anna Maria Giannini - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  15.  65
    Historical Temporalities of Capital: An Anti-Historicist Perspective.Massimiliano Tomba - 2009 - Historical Materialism 17 (4):44-65.
  16.  29
    Referential Intuitions Are Still Problematic.Massimiliano Vignolo & Filippo Domaneschi - 2018 - Analysis 78 (3):472-483.
    In order to uphold the claim that referential intuitions are a reliable source of evidence for theories of reference, Machery et al. conducted an empirical research by testing truth-value judgments. First, we discuss a conceptual limitation of Machery et al. ’s experiment on truth-value judgments. Then, we present the data of an empirical survey that shows that people’s truth-value judgments are not congruent with their use of proper names. We explain why the results of our empirical research refute the conclusions (...)
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  17.  7
    Pierre Pellegrin: L’Excellence menacée. Sur la philosophie politique d’Aristote. [REVIEW]Silvia Gastaldi - 2018 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 39 (1):165-170.
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  18. Ricordando Mario Vegetti.Silvia Gastaldi - 2018 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 39 (1):1-5.
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  19. Interpreting Dao (道) Between ‘Way-Making’ and ‘Be-Wëgen’.Massimiliano Lacertosa - 2018 - In Gregory Bracken (ed.), Ancient and Modern Practices of Citizenship in Asia and the West: Care of the Self. Amsterdam, Paesi Bassi: pp. 103-120.
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  20.  20
    Culasso Gastaldi (E.) Le prossenie ateniesi del IV secolo a.C. Gli onorati asiatici. (Fonti e Studi di Storia Antica 10.) Pp. 358, ills. Alessandria: Edizioni dell'Orso, 2004. Paper, €25. ISBN: 88-7694-676-. [REVIEW]Ioanna Kralli - 2006 - The Classical Review 56 (02):402-.
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  21. A New Logic of Technical Malfunction.Bjørn Jespersen & Massimiliano Carrara - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (3):547-581.
    Aim of the paper is to present a new logic of technical malfunction. The need for this logic is motivated by a simple-sounding philosophical question: Is a malfunctioning corkscrew, which fails to uncork bottles, nonetheless a corkscrew? Or in general terms, is a malfunctioning F, which fails to do what Fs do, nonetheless an F? We argue that ‘malfunctioning’ denotes the modifier Malfunctioning rather than a property, and that the answer depends on whether Malfunctioning is subsective or privative. If subsective, (...)
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  22.  22
    Bruno Latour and the Secularization of Science.Massimiliano Simons - 2019 - Perspectives on Science 27 (6):925-954.
    Many young dreamers who want to be modern up to the tips of their toes, and who think they have gotten rid of these barely imaginable old-fashioned ideas, are, without realizing it, mystics in search of a spiritual experience. Several sociologists of science have mobilized secularization metaphors to describe developments in the study of science. Similar to how secularization refers to a decreasing status of religion and God as a transcendent factor in society, the secularization of science refers to an (...)
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  23. Gaston Bachelard and Contemporary Philosophy.Massimiliano Simons, Jonas Rutgeerts, Anneleen Masschelein & Paul Cortois - 2019 - Parrhesia 31:1-16.
    This special issue aims to redress the balance and to open up Gaston Bachelard's work beyond a small in-crowd of experts and aficionado’s in France. It aims to stimulate the discovery of new and understudied aspects of Bachelard’s work, including aspects of the intellectual milieu he was working in. Fortunately, for this purpose we were able to rely both on renowned Bachelard specialists, such as Hans-Jörg Rheinberg-er, Cristina Chimisso and Dominique Lecourt, as well as on a number of younger scholars (...)
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  24.  22
    A Philosophy of First Contact: Stanisław Lem and the Myth of Cognitive Universality.Massimiliano Simons - 2021 - Pro-Fil: An Internet Journal of Philosophy 3 (22):65-77.
    Within science fiction the topic of ‘first contact’ is a popular theme. How will an encounter with aliens unfold? Will we succeed in communicating with them? Although such questions are present in the background of many science fiction novels, they are not always explicitly dealt with and even if so, often in a poor way. In this article, I will introduce a typology of five dominant types of solutions to the problem of first contact in science fiction works. The first (...)
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  25. Sympathy for Dolores: Moral Consideration for Robots Based on Virtue and Recognition.Massimiliano L. Cappuccio, Anco Peeters & William McDonald - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (1):9-31.
    This paper motivates the idea that social robots should be credited as moral patients, building on an argumentative approach that combines virtue ethics and social recognition theory. Our proposal answers the call for a nuanced ethical evaluation of human-robot interaction that does justice to both the robustness of the social responses solicited in humans by robots and the fact that robots are designed to be used as instruments. On the one hand, we acknowledge that the instrumental nature of robots and (...)
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  26.  28
    Reference and the Ambiguity of Truth‐Value Judgments.Filippo Domaneschi & Massimiliano Vignolo - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (4):440-455.
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  27. I Volti di Marte: Raymond Aron Sociologo E Teorico Della Guerra.Massimiliano Guareschi - 2010 - Ombre Corte.
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  28. Semantical Analysis of Weak Kleene Logics.Roberto Ciuni & Massimiliano Carrara - 2019 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 29 (1):1-36.
    This paper presents a semantical analysis of the Weak Kleene Logics Kw3 and PWK from the tradition of Bochvar and Halldén. These are three-valued logics in which a formula takes the third value if at least one of its components does. The paper establishes two main results: a characterisation result for the relation of logical con- sequence in PWK – that is, we individuate necessary and sufficient conditions for a set.
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  29. Two Conceptions of Technical Malfunction.Bjørn Jespersen & Massimiliano Carrara - 2011 - Theoria 77 (2):117-138.
    The topic of this paper is the notion of technical (as opposed to biological) malfunction. It is shown how to form the property being a malfunctioning F from the property F and the property modifier malfunctioning (a mapping taking a property to a property). We present two interpretations of malfunctioning. Both interpretations agree that a malfunctioning F lacks the dispositional property of functioning as an F. However, its subsective interpretation entails that malfunctioning Fs are Fs, whereas its privative interpretation entails (...)
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  30.  7
    The Dancers’ Visuospatial Body Map Explains Their Enhanced Divergence in the Production of Motor Forms: Evidence in the Early Development.Massimiliano Palmiero, Luna Giulianella, Paola Guariglia, Maddalena Boccia, Simonetta D’Amico & Laura Piccardi - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31. Identity Criteria: An Epistemic Path to Conceptual Grounding.Massimiliano Carrara & Ciro De Florio - 2020 - Synthese 197 (7):3151-3169.
    Are identity criteria grounding principles? A prima facie answer to this question is positive. Specifically, two-level identity criteria can be taken as principles related to issues of identity among objects of a given kind compared with objects of a more basic kind. Moreover, they are grounding metaphysical principles of some objects with regard to others. In the first part of the paper we criticise this prima facie natural reading of identity criteria. This result does not mean that identity criteria could (...)
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  32.  9
    Domain-Specificity of Creativity: A Study on the Relationship Between Visual Creativity and Visual Mental Imagery.Massimiliano Palmiero, Raffaella Nori, Vincenzo Aloisi, Martina Ferrara & Laura Piccardi - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  33.  5
    Measuring Distribution Similarities Between Samples: A Distribution-Free Overlapping Index.Massimiliano Pastore & Antonio Calcagnì - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34.  70
    Denial and Disagreement.Julien Murzi & Massimiliano Carrara - 2015 - Topoi 34 (1):109-119.
    We cast doubts on the suggestion, recently made by Graham Priest, that glut theorists may express disagreement with the assertion of A by denying A. We show that, if denial is to serve as a means to express disagreement, it must be exclusive, in the sense of being correct only if what is denied is false only. Hence, it can’t be expressed in the glut theorist’s language, essentially for the same reasons why Boolean negation can’t be expressed in such a (...)
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  35.  16
    The Ethical Stance of the “Qiwulun (Discourse on Corresponding Things)”.Massimiliano Lacertosa - 2019 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 18 (2):183-196.
    This essay analyses the second chapter of the Zhuangzi 莊子, the “Qiwulun 齊物論.” After a brief examination of its main ideas, it will be argued that the “Qiwulun” needs to be considered not as an equalization that makes everything indistinguishable but as a discourse on corresponding things. A more attentive analysis of this correspondence among the myriad things will lead to the consideration of their mutual transformation. The conclusion is that, contrary to the ontotheological nature of Western metaphysics that imposes (...)
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  36.  41
    About and Beyond Comorbidity: Does the Crisis of the DSM Bring on a Radical Rethinking of Descriptive Psychopathology?Massimiliano Aragona - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (1):29-33.
  37.  3
    Distributed Leadership Agency and Work Outcomes: Validation of the Italian DLA and Its Relations With Commitment, Trust, and Satisfaction.Massimiliano Barattucci, Alessandro Lo Presti, Giambattista Bufalino, Thomas Jønsson, Manuel Teresi & Stefano Pagliaro - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  38.  22
    Ethical Judgment and Radical Business Changes: The Role of Entrepreneurial Perspicacity.Massimiliano Matteo Pellegrini & Cristiano Ciappei - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (4):769-788.
    This study examines the implications of practical reason for entrepreneurial activities. Our study is based on Thomas Aquinas’ interpretation of such virtue, with a particular focus on the partition of practical reason in potential parts such as synesis, or common sense, and gnome, or perspicacity. Since entrepreneurial acts and actions deal with extremely uncertain situations, we argue that only this perspicacity, as the ability of correctly judging in exceptional cases, has the power to find wisdom under such blurred conditions. Perspicacity (...)
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  39.  21
    Credit Card Fraud Detection Through Parenclitic Network Analysis.Massimiliano Zanin, Miguel Romance, Santiago Moral & Regino Criado - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-9.
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  40.  9
    Computability, Finiteness and the Standard Model of Arithmetic.Massimiliano Carrara, Enrico Martino & Matteo Plebani - 2016 - In Francesca Boccuni & Andrea Sereni (eds.), Objectivity, Realism, and Proof. Filmat Studies in the Philosophy of Mathematics. Springer Verlag.
    This paper investigates the question of how we manage to single out the natural number structure as the intended interpretation of our arithmetical language. Horsten submits that the reference of our arithmetical vocabulary is determined by our knowledge of some principles of arithmetic on the one hand, and by our computational abilities on the other. We argue against such a view and we submit an alternative answer. We single out the structure of natural numbers through our intuition of the absolute (...)
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  41.  2
    I confini della guerra. La costruzione sociale e istituzionale del fatto bellico.Massimiliano Guareschi - 2018 - Scienza and Politica. Per Una Storia Delle Dottrine 30 (59).
    The article analyzes, at different levels, the relationship between war and borders. The question of the borders may provide an interesting point of view. At stake, in “new wars” is not the path of interstate frontiers but different borders developments. To analyze these dynamics the article emphasizes the useful relationship between two different bibliographies, on one hand the strategic literature about “new wars”, on the other hand the territorial and regional studies analyzing the new form of political, economic and juridical (...)
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  42.  1
    Jens-Uwe Krause, Geschichte der Spätantike. Eine Einführung, Tübingen 2018 , 395 S., 6 Karten, ISBN 978-3-8252-4761-4 , € 26,99Geschichte der Spätantike. Eine Einführung. [REVIEW]Massimiliano Vitiello - 2019 - Klio 101 (2):785-786.
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  43.  18
    Synthetic Biology as a Technoscience: The Case of Minimal Genomes and Essential Genes.Massimiliano Simons - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 85:127-136.
    This article examines how minimal genome research mobilizes philosophical concepts such as minimality and essentiality. Following a historical approach the article aims to uncover what function this terminology plays and which problems are raised by them. Specifically, four historical moments are examined, linked to the work of Harold J. Morowitz, Mitsuhiro Itaya, Eugene Koonin and Arcady Mushegian, and J. Craig Venter. What this survey shows is a historical shift away from historical questions about life or descriptive questions about specific organisms (...)
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  44.  4
    The End and Rebirth of Nature? From Politics of Nature to Synthetic Biology.Massimiliano Simons - 2016 - Philosophica 47:109 - 124.
    In this article, two different claims about nature are discussed. On the one hand, environmental philosophy has forced us to reflect on our position within nature. We are not the masters of nature as was claimed before. On the other hand there are the recent developments within synthetic biology. It claims that, now at last, we can be the masters of nature we have never been before. The question is then raised how these two claims must be related to one (...)
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  45.  9
    Intuitions on Semantic Reference.Massimiliano Vignolo & Filippo Domaneschi - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-24.
    Since Machery et al. Cognition 92, B1-B12 attacked Kripke’s refutation of classical descriptivism, their experiment has been repeated several times, in its original version or in some revised ones, by theorists with contrasting intents. Some repeated the experiment for confirming its results, others for proving them unreliable. One striking characteristic of those surveys is that they mostly replicated the data collected in Machery et al.’s Cognition 92, B1-B12, 2004 experiment: less than 60% of Westerners showed preference for the causal-historical response. (...)
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  46.  5
    Sense Perception in the Zhuangzi 莊子.Massimiliano Lacertosa - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12798.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 1, January 2022.
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  47. Assertion and Hypothesis: A Logical Framework for Their Opposition Relations.Massimiliano Carrara, Daniele Chiffi & Ciro De Florio - 2017 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 25 (2):131-144.
    Following the speech act theory, we take hypotheses and assertions as linguistic acts with different illocutionary forces. We assume that a hypothesis is justified if there is at least a scintilla of evidence for the truth of its propositional content, while an assertion is justified when there is conclusive evidence that its propositional content is true. Here we extend the logical treatment for assertions given by Dalla Pozza and Garola by outlining a pragmatic logic for assertions and hypotheses. On the (...)
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  48.  18
    For a Philosophy of Comparisons: The Problems of Comparative Studies in Relation with Daoism.Massimiliano Lacertosa - 2017 - Asian Philosophy 27 (4):324-339.
    This paper reflects on the problems of cross-cultural interpretations and translations analysing how these are rooted in theories and philosophical assumptions. Inquiring the concept of philosophy per se, the paper discusses key passages of Heidegger and the related problem of 有 and 無. The conclusion is that to translate such terms, it is necessary to revise the coercive onto-theological assumptions of metaphysics. This can trigger a process of re-grounding grounds with the consequent possibility of language transformation, which, in turn, activates (...)
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  49.  77
    Paradox and Logical Revision. A Short Introduction.Julien Murzi & Massimiliano Carrara - 2015 - Topoi 34 (1):7-14.
    Logical orthodoxy has it that classical first-order logic, or some extension thereof, provides the right extension of the logical consequence relation. However, together with naïve but intuitive principles about semantic notions such as truth, denotation, satisfaction, and possibly validity and other naïve logical properties, classical logic quickly leads to inconsistency, and indeed triviality. At least since the publication of Kripke’s Outline of a theory of truth , an increasingly popular diagnosis has been to restore consistency, or at least non-triviality, by (...)
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  50.  9
    Grossatesta e la matematica dell'infinito Una lettura del Commento alla Fisica.Massimiliano Luce - 2006 - Doctor Virtualis 5:101-118.
    Un fondamento teologico per la matematica dell'infinito: Dio come primo matematico in grado di numerare gli infiniti punti delle grandezze geometriche.A theological foundation for the mathematics of the infinity: God as the first mathematician, who is able to number the endless points of the geometrical size.
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