Results for 'Maryam A. Purvis'

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  1.  36
    Identifying prohibition norms in agent societies.Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu, Stephen Cranefield, Maryam A. Purvis & Martin K. Purvis - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 21 (1):1 - 46.
    In normative multi-agent systems, the question of “how an agent identifies norms in an open agent society” has not received much attention. This paper aims at addressing this question. To this end, this paper proposes an architecture for norm identification for an agent. The architecture is based on observation of interactions between agents. This architecture enables an autonomous agent to identify prohibition norms in a society using the prohibition norm identification (PNI) algorithm. The PNI algorithm uses association rule mining, a (...)
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  2.  44
    Gossip-Based Self-Organising Agent Societies and the Impact of False Gossip.Sharmila Savarimuthu, Maryam Purvis, Martin Purvis & Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (4):419-441.
    The objective of this work is to demonstrate how cooperative sharers and uncooperative free riders can be placed in different groups of an electronic society in a decentralised manner. We have simulated an agent-based open and decentralised P2P system which self-organises itself into different groups to avoid cooperative sharers being exploited by uncooperative free riders. This approach encourages sharers to move to better groups and restricts free riders into those groups of sharers without needing centralised control. Our approach is suitable (...)
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  3.  75
    Saudi mothers' preferences about breaking bad news concerning newborns: a structured verbal questionnaire.Sameer Y. Al-Abdi, Eman A. Al-Ali, Matar H. Daheer, Yaseen M. Al-Saleh, Khalid H. Al-Qurashi & Maryam A. Al-Aamri - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):1-8.
    Breaking bad news (BBN) to parents whose newborn has a major disease is an ethical dilemma. In Saudi Arabia, BBN about newborns is performed according to the parental preferences that have been reported from non-Arabic/non-Islamic countries. Saudi mothers' preferences about BBN have not yet been studied. Therefore, we aimed to elicit the preferences of Saudi mothers about BBN concerning newborns. We selected a convenience sample of 402 Saudi mothers, aged 18-50 years, who had no previous experience with BBN. We selected (...)
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  4.  33
    Agent-based community coordination of local energy distribution.Muhammad Yasir, Martin K. Purvis, Maryam Purvis & Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (3):379-391.
  5.  22
    An agent-based simulation for restricting exploitation in electronic societies through social mechanisms.Sharmila Savarimuthu, Maryam Purvis, Martin Purvis & Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (3):345-358.
  6.  17
    Facilitators, barriers, and recommendations related to the informed consent of Marshallese in a randomized control trial.Rachel S. Purvis, Leah R. Eisenberg, Christopher R. Trudeau, Christopher R. Long & Pearl A. McElfish - 2020 - Clinical Ethics 15 (2):75-83.
    BackgroundThe Pacific Islander population is the second fasting growing population in the United States and Arkansas is home to the largest Marshallese population in the continental US. The Marshal...
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  7.  9
    Khudā va dīn dar rūykardī ūmānīstī.Maryam Ṣāniʻʹpūr - 2003 - [Tihrān]: Muʼassasah-i Farhangī-i Dānish va Andīshah-i Muʻ̄āṣir.
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  8. Cursed yet blessed.A. Purvis - 1993 - In Jonathan Westphal & Carl Avren Levenson (eds.), Time. Indianapolis: Hackett Pub. Co.. pp. 67.
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  9.  3
    Falsafah-ʼi akhlāq va dīn.Maryam Ṣāniʻʹpūr - 2003 - Tihrān: Āftāb-i Tawsiʻah.
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  10.  25
    First Do No Harm: Ethical Concerns of Health Researchers That Discourage the Sharing of Results With Research Participants.Rachel S. Purvis, Christopher R. Long, Leah R. Eisenberg, D. Micah Hester, Thomas V. Cunningham, Angel Holland, Harish E. Chatrathi & Pearl A. McElfish - 2020 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 11 (2):104-113.
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  11.  5
    Tajarrud-i khayāl dar ḥikmat-i mutaʻāliyah.Maryam Ṣāniʻʹpūr - 2009 - Tihrān: Bunyād-i Ḥikmat-i Islāmī-i Ṣadrā.
  12.  24
    Promises and Pitfalls of Algorithm Use by State Authorities.Maryam Amir Haeri, Kathrin Hartmann, Jürgen Sirsch, Georg Wenzelburger & Katharina A. Zweig - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):1-31.
    Algorithmic systems are increasingly used by state agencies to inform decisions about humans. They produce scores on risks of recidivism in criminal justice, indicate the probability for a job seeker to find a job in the labor market, or calculate whether an applicant should get access to a certain university program. In this contribution, we take an interdisciplinary perspective, provide a bird’s eye view of the different key decisions that are to be taken when state actors decide to use an (...)
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  13.  22
    A Way Forward for Ethics Education in Business.Aljwhara A. Al-Thani, Maryam Y. Al-Madhoun, Shahriar M. Saadullah & Ousama A. Anam - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 14:147-177.
    The objective of this study is to review the performance of business students in ethics assessments and suggest enhancements to the ethics curriculum. Data triangulation method was used to gather the data. First, data was gathered from ethics assessments that tested the performance of students. Then a faculty focus group discussion was held to gather their thoughts on the future of the ethics education. Incorporating these thoughts, 389 students were surveyed to understand their perspectives on the future of ethics education. (...)
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  14.  5
    ʻAqlānīyat dar rivāyatī zanānah, guftimān-i Gharbī =.Maryam Ṣāniʻʹpūr - 2020 - Qum: Intishārāt-i Dānishgāh-i Adyān va Maz̲āhib.
    Rationalism -- Philosophy. ; Feminist theory ; Religions -- Philosophy.
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  15.  20
    Ethical Dilemmas Encountered by Health Care Providers Caring for Marshallese Migrants in Northwest Arkansas.Lisa Low, Rachel S. Purvis, Thomas V. Cunningham, Almas Chughati, Robert Garner & Pearl A. McElfish - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (1):53-62.
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  16.  6
    The Effect of Supersonic Transports on the Global Environment: A Debate Revisited.Martin Purvis & Frances Drake - 2001 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 26 (4):501-528.
    Initial moves to develop a new generation of commercial supersonic transports to succeed Concorde are already under way. Aircraft manufacturers promise a plane that will withstand both economic and environmental scrutiny. Yet, the crash of an Air France Concorde at Paris in July 2000 has caused further doubts about the viability of SSTs. This study revisits the previous debate surrounding Concorde to explore the potential for current initiatives to overcome the public’s anxiety of further environmental degradation. This article seeks, therefore, (...)
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  17.  17
    Hegelian Dimensions of The Second Sex: A Feminist Consideration.Jennifer Purvis - 2003 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 13 (1):128-156.
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  18.  8
    Theology and the University in Nineteenth-Century Germany.Zachary Purvis - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Theology and the University in Nineteenth-Century Germany examines the dual transformation of institutions and ideas that led to the emergence of theology as science, the paradigmatic project of modern theology associated with Friedrich Schleiermacher. Beginning with earlier educational reforms across central Europe and especially following the upheavals of the Napoleonic period, an impressive list of provocateurs, iconoclasts, and guardians of the old faith all confronted the nature of the university, the organization of knowledge, and the unity of theology's various parts, (...)
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  19.  29
    Confronting the Power of Abjection: Toward a Politics of Shame.Jennifer Purvis - 2019 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 9 (2):45-67.
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  20.  6
    Coping strategies of intensive care unit nurses reducing moral distress: A content analysis study.Maryam Esmaeili, Mojdeh Navidhamidi & Saeideh Varasteh - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics.
    Background Moral distress has negative effects on physical and mental health. However, there is little information about nurses’ coping strategies reducing moral distress. Aim The purpose of this study was to investigate the coping strategies of intensive care unit nurses reducing moral distress in Iran. Study design This is a qualitative study with a content analysis approach. Participants and research context The research sample consisted of nurses working in intensive care units of teaching hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical (...)
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  21.  15
    Extinction.Andy Purvis, Kate E. Jones & Georgina M. Mace - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (12):1123-1133.
    In the life of any species, extinction is the final evolutionary process. It is a common one at present, as the world is entering a major extinction crisis. The pattern of extinction and threat is very non-random, with some taxa being more vulnerable than others. Explaining why some taxa are affected and some escape is a major goal of conservation biology. More ambitiously, a predictive model could, in principle, be built by integrating comparable studies of past and present extinctions. We (...)
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  22.  35
    Relationship Between Declarations of Conflict of Interests and Reporting Positive Outcomes in Iranian Dental Journals.Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour, Sepehr Pourmonajemzadeh, Shahrzad Zoghitavana & Nader Navabi - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (4):1057-1067.
    Conflict of interests is a situation when someone is in need of other people’s trust on one the hand and has personal or general interests on the other hand, resulting in conflict with the given responsibility. In this research work, an attempt was made to find the relation between declarations of conflict of interests and reporting positive outcomes in the dental journals in Iran. In this analytical/cross-sectional study, first Health and Biomedical Information was searched and all the Persian and English (...)
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  23.  19
    Engagement practices that join scientific methods with community wisdom: designing a patient‐centered, randomized control trial with a Pacific Islander community.Pearl Anna McElfish, Peter A. Goulden, Zoran Bursac, Jonell Hudson, Rachel S. Purvis, Karen H. Kim Yeary, Nia Aitaoto & Peter O. Kohler - 2017 - Nursing Inquiry 24 (2):e12141.
    This article illustrates how a collaborative research process can successfully engage an underserved minority community to address health disparities. Pacific Islanders, including the Marshallese, are one of the fastest growing US populations. They face significant health disparities, including extremely high rates of type 2 diabetes. This article describes the engagement process of designing patient‐centered outcomes research with Marshallese stakeholders, highlighting the specific influences of their input on a randomized control trial to address diabetes. Over 18 months, an interdisciplinary research team (...)
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  24.  14
    Nurses' professional commitment in COVID-19 crisis: A qualitative study.Maryam Momeni & Marzieh Khatooni - 2023 - Nursing Ethics 30 (3):449-461.
    Background: Professional commitment is an important factor in employee performance. COVID-19 outbreak has seriously affected the nurses working conditions. Numerous factors can affect nurses' professional commitment in this situation. Aim: To explore the nurses' lived experiences, attitudes, views and perceptions toward professional commitment and factors affecting it in the Covid-19 crisis. Method, Setting and Participants: This qualitative study was conducted using phenomenological approach and content analysis method. Twenty-five nurses were interviewed using semi structured in-depth interviews. Conventional content analysis was used (...)
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  25.  23
    Professionalism and Moral Behavior.Maryam Kouchaki - 2015 - Business and Society 54 (3):376-385.
    The dissertation abstract and reflection commentary present the work of Dr. Maryam Kouchaki. The abstract provides an overview of research examining the role of professional identities on ethical behavior. Across a number of studies, this work demonstrates that professionalism, either measured or manipulated, can increase individuals’ unethical behaviors. This dissertation extends prior work on professionalism by examining its psychology and shedding new light on importance of its meanings in driving individuals’ behaviors. Below, the author discusses the reasons for why (...)
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  26. The Mayakovsky footnotes: one day I'll teach you how to shoot a gun.Maryam Monalisa Gharavi - 2021 - In Lietje Bauwens, Quenton Miller, Wolfgang Tillmans, Karoline Swiezynski, Sepake Angiama & Achal Prabahla (eds.), Speculative facts. [Eindhoven, Netherlands]: Onomatopee.
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  27.  18
    Intracortical Circuits in the Contralesional Primary Motor Cortex in Patients With Chronic Stroke After Botulinum Toxin Type A Injection: Case Studies.Maryam Zoghi, Pouya Hafezi, Bhasker Amatya, Fary Khan & Mary Pauline Galea - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  28.  10
    Applying a Foucauldian lens to the Canadian code of ethics for registered nurses as a discursive mechanism for nurses professional identity.Janet K. Purvis - 2023 - Nursing Inquiry 30 (2):e12536.
    This study examines the Canadian Code of Ethics for Registered Nurses as a discursive mechanism for shaping nurses' professional identity using a Foucauldian lens. Nurses are considered essential in healthcare, yet the nursing profession has struggled to be recognized for its discipline‐specific knowledge and expertise and, as such, has remained the subject of and subject to the dominant discourses within healthcare and society generally. Developing a professional identity in nursing begins after the necessary education and training are achieved and embodies (...)
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  29.  12
    When the Hezbollah Came to My School.Maryam Namazie - 2009-09-10 - In Russell Blackford & Udo Schüklenk (eds.), 50 Voices of Disbelief. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 270–273.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Note.
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  30.  6
    Dalit Feminism in Tokyo: Analogy and Affiliation in Transnational Dalit Activism.Purvi Mehta - 2019 - Feminist Review 121 (1):24-36.
    This article discusses different conceptions and translations of the devadasi system in transnational Dalit feminist activism. I focus specifically on activist participation at the 1994 Asia Tribunal on Women’s Human Rights in Tokyo, Japan and the construction of an analogy between the experiences and struggles of devadasis and that of ‘military comfort women’, i.e. women from Japan’s former colonies who were abducted and raped by the Japanese military during World War II. I argue that strategic claims of commonality are part (...)
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  31.  36
    The predictive factors of moral courage among hospital nurses.Maryam Dehghani, Roghieh Nazari, Hamid Sharif-Nia, Noushin Mousazadeh & Hamideh Hakimi - 2023 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 18 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundHaving moral courage is a crucial characteristic for nurses to handle ethical quandaries, stay true to their professional obligations towards patients, and uphold ethical principles. This concept can be influenced by various factors including personal, professional, organizational, and leadership considerations. The purpose of this study was to explore the predictors of moral courage among nurses working in hospitals.MethodsIn 2018, an observational cross-sectional study was carried out on 267 nurses employed in six hospitals located in the northern region of Iran. The (...)
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  32.  23
    A Comparative Study of the Concept of Time: Status and Age in the Stories of Katherine Mansfield.Maryam Jafari - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):8.
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  33.  10
    Strategies to prevent workplace sexual harassment among Iranian nurses: A qualitative study.Maryam Zeighami, Mohammad Ali Zakeri, Parvin Mangolian Shahrbabaki & Mahlagha Dehghan - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    BackgroundSexual harassment in the workplace has many negative consequences for nurses and the delivery of patient care. Appropriate policies and strategies can help to create a safe work environment for nurses. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate Iranian nurses’ strategies for preventing sexual harassment in the workplace.Materials and methodsThis qualitative descriptive-explorative study used conventional content analysis to investigate how Iranian nurses cope with sexual harassment. Participants were selected using a purposeful sampling method. Data was collected through in-depth, semi-structured interviews (...)
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  34.  19
    Developing Critical Thinking with Debate: Evidence from Iranian Male and Female Students.Maryam Danaye Tous & Sara Haghighi - 2016 - Informal Logic 36 (1):64-82.
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the difference between the performance of Iranian male and female EFL learners on the five dimensions of the California Critical Thinking Skills Test.88 learners, out of 120, who were selected through convenience sampling method, participated in this study. The researcher used a quantitative research method with one-group pretest posttest design. This group received some treatment in the form of “the Meeting-House Debate” strategy. Data analysis was done using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result (...)
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  35. Applying transect method as a catalyst to make a sustainable urban landscape.Maryam Izadi - 2015 - In Christopher Crouch (ed.), An introduction to sustainability and aesthetics: the arts and design for the environment. Boca Raton, Florida: BrownWalker Press.
     
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  36.  18
    Rereading Mulla Sadra's Personality Theory from the Perspective of Allport's Trait Personality Theory.Maryam Ahmadi, Sahar Kavandi, Mohsen Jahed & Javad Salehi - 2023 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations 17 (44):21-44.
    Anthropology in psychology under the title of "personality theories" has been able to be effective in the field of behavioral studies and interpersonal relationships. The need to explain and analyze the true nature of man in the field of "being" - contrary to psychological personality theories that generally identify human nature in the field of "appearance" - caused this article based on Sadra's anthropological opinions and view According to Allport's trait theory, which is one of the pioneers of the trait (...)
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  37.  37
    Hegelian Dimensions of The Second Sex: A Feminist Consideration.Jennifer Purvis - 2001 - Bulletin de la Société Américaine de Philosophie de Langue Française 13 (1):128-156.
  38.  30
    Expectant Fathers, Abortion, and Embryos.Dara E. Purvis - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (2):330-340.
    One thread of abortion criticism, arguing that gender equality requires that men be allowed to terminate legal parental status and obligations, has reinforced the stereotype of men as uninterested in fatherhood. As courts facing disputes over stored pre-embryos weigh the equities of allowing implantation of the pre-embryos, this same gender stereotype has been increasingly incorporated into a legal balancing test, leading to troubling implications for ART and family law.
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  39.  12
    Beneath the Narcissus: A Woman's Experience of Iranian Prisons and Beyond.Maryam Namazie & Nasrin Parvaz - 2003 - Feminist Review 73 (1):71-85.
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  40.  41
    What's in a Typeface? Evidence of the Existence of Print Personalities in Arabic.Timothy R. Jordan, Alya S. AlShamsi, Hajar A. K. Yekani, Maryam AlJassmi, Nada Al Dosari, Ehab W. Hermena & Mercedes Sheen - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  41.  41
    Reasons behind providing futile medical treatments in Iran.Maryam Aghabarary & Nahid Dehghan Nayeri - 2017 - Nursing Ethics 24 (1):33-45.
    Background:Despite their negative consequences, evidence shows that futile medical treatments are still being provided, particularly to terminally ill patients. Uncovering the reasons behind providing such treatments in different religious and sociocultural contexts can create a better understanding of medical futility and help manage it effectively.Research objectives:This study was undertaken to explore Iranian nurses’ and physicians’ perceptions of the reasons behind providing futile medical treatments.Research design:This was a qualitative exploratory study. Study data were gathered through conducting in-depth semi-structured personal interviews and (...)
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  42.  41
    Walking through Architectural Spaces: The Impact of Interior Forms on Human Brain Dynamics.Maryam Banaei, Javad Hatami, Abbas Yazdanfar & Klaus Gramann - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11:289961.
    Neuroarchitecture uses neuroscientific tools to better understand architectural design and its impact on human perception and subjective experience. The form or shape of the built environment is fundamental to architectural design, but not many studies have shown the impact of different forms on the inhabitants’ emotions. This study investigated the neurophysiological correlates of different interior forms on the perceivers’ affective state and the accompanying brain activity. To understand the impact of naturalistic three-dimensional (3D) architectural forms, it is essential to perceive (...)
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  43.  34
    A Gender Sensitive Analysis Towards Organic Agriculture: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. [REVIEW]Maryam Omidi Najafabadi - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (2):225-240.
    This study integrates the motivating and challenging elements impacting on the implementation of organic farming practice in Iran. Analysis was based on the results of two surveys; one from organic farmers to determine motivating factors and the other from experts in organic farming to identify challenging factors. These surveys incorporated a gender perspective to enable gender comparison and analysis of the results presents a practical model to support program developers in Iranian organic agriculture. Gender comparison indicated that attitudes among farmers (...)
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  44.  53
    The Politics and Ethics of Resistance, Feminism and Gender Equality in Saudi Arabian Organizations.Maryam Aldossari & Thomas Calvard - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 181 (4):873-890.
    Greater numbers of women are entering workplaces in Saudi Arabia and other Middle Eastern countries. Structural features of patriarchy are changing in Middle Eastern societies and workplaces, but women’s experiences of gendered segregation, under-representation and exclusion raise questions around the feminist politics and ethics mobilized to respond to them. Building on and extending emerging research on feminism, gender, resistance, feminist ethics and the Middle East, we use data from an interview study with 58 Saudi Arabian women to explore their attitudes (...)
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  45.  89
    A critique of Mohrhoff's interpretation of quantum mechanics.Afshin Shafiee, Maryam Jafar-Aghdami & Mehdi Golshani - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (2):316-329.
  46.  18
    A Dyadic Approach to Understanding Associations Between Job Stress, Marital Quality, and Dyadic Coping for Dual-Career Couples in Iran.Reza Fallahchai, Maryam Fallahi & Ashley K. Randall - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  47.  60
    Development and validation of an instrument to measure physician awareness of bioethics and medical law in Oman.Abdullah S. Al-Mujaini, Mohammed Al-Alawi, Nadiya S. Al-Kharousi, Nusaiba A. Al-Mawali, Maryam K. Al-Rawahi, Yahya M. Al-Farsi, Samir Al-Adawi, Anuradha Ganesh & Ahmed S. Al-Busaidi - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundA different ethos with respect to the perception of medical ethics prevails in societies in transition such as those in the Arabian Peninsula, which makes it difficult to apply international principles of bioethics in medical practice. This study aimed to develop and psychometrically test an instrument that measures physicians’ awareness of bioethics and medical law and their attitudes towards the practice of medical ethics. Additionally, it examined physician correlates influencing the awareness of bioethics.MethodsFollowing a rigorous review of relevant literature by (...)
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  48.  16
    Developing a Model for the Establishment of the Hospice Care Delivery System for Iranian Adult Patients With Cancer.Samira Beiranvand, Maryam Rassouli, Maryam Hazrati, Shahram Molavynejad, Suzanne Hojjat & Kourosh Zarea - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    IntroductionMaking appropriate plans for the provision of hospice care is considered a perceived need in the Iranian health system. The current study aimed to develop a model for establishing hospice care delivery system for the adult patients with cancer.Materials and MethodsThis study is part of a larger study that has been done in four phases. This Health System Policy Research utilized a mixed qualitative-quantitative approach. At the first phase, a qualitative study was conducted which explained the care needs and the (...)
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  49.  17
    A critique of Mohrhoff's interpretation of quantum mechanics.Afshin Shafiee, Maryam Jafar-Aghdami & Mehdi Golshani - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (2):316-329.
  50.  39
    Effect of inbreeding on weight gain of offspring from birth to 12 months after birth: A study from iran.Samane Nafissi, Maryam Ansari-Lari & Mostafa Saadat - 2010 - Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (2):195-200.
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