Results for 'MaryBeth Knight'

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  1.  21
    Cognitive Control: Dynamic, Sustained, and Voluntary Influences.MaryBeth Knight - unknown
    The cost of incongruent stimuli is reduced when conflict is expected. This series of experiments tested whether this improved performance is due to repetition priming or to enhanced cognitive control. Using a paradigm in which Word and Number Stroop alternated every trial, Experiment 1 assessed dynamic trial-to-trial changes. Incongruent trials led to task-specific reduction of conflict (trial n ϩ 2) without cross-task modulation (trial n ϩ 1), but this was fully explained by repetition priming. In contrast, an increased ratio of (...)
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  2.  7
    Religion, Science, and Society in the Modern World. By Frank H. Knight[REVIEW]Frank H. Knight - 1943 - Ethics 54:60.
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  3.  30
    Force and Freedom: Reflections on World History. By Frank H. Knight.Frank H. Knight - 1943 - Ethics 54 (2):149-150.
  4.  8
    Knights.Mark Knights - forthcoming - Social Philosophy and Policy.
    In 1621 Francis Bacon, luminary of the English Renaissance and Lord Chancellor, was tried in Parliament for corruption. There were many things which made his case unusual – such as the revival of the impeachment process after 150 years of disuse and the degree of political factionalism that lay behind the accusations – but perhaps the most striking was Bacon’s apparent readiness to admit his guilt. On 30 April 1621 he made his confession to the House of Lords: ‘I do (...)
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  5. The Weight of the Past in the Experience of Health: Time, Embodiment, and Cultural Change in Morocco.Marybeth Macphee - 2004 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 32 (3):374-396.
  6. Knights, Knaves and Unknowable Truths.Roy T. Cook - 2006 - Analysis 66 (1):10-16.
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  7. Self-Knowledge, Who God Is, and a Cure for Our Deepest Shame: A Few Reflections on Till We Have Faces.Marybeth Baggett & David Baggett - 2022 - Perichoresis 20 (3):3-20.
    Till We Have Faces is a retelling of the Cupid/psyche myth with a few twists, namely, a nonstandard narrator and the inability of Psyche’s sister, Orual, to see the palace. Both innovations lead the reader to understand better the dynamics at play in Orual’s effort to disrupt Psyche’s life with her husband/god. The inability to see, on Orual’s part, at first suggests that the nature of the story is primarily epistemological. What is it that can be reasonably known or inferred? (...)
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  8. Homo Theurgos: Freedom According to John Zizioulas and Nikolai Berdyaev. By Romilo Aleksandar Knežević. Paris: Les Éditions du Cerf, 2020. Pp. 277. €26.00. [REVIEW]Taylor Knight - 2022 - Wiley: The Heythrop Journal 63 (5).
    The Heythrop Journal, Volume 63, Issue 5, Page 1025-1028, September 2022.
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  9. By Frank H. Knight.Frank H. Knight - 1946 - Ethics 57:199.
     
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  10.  2
    Forced Migration and Forced Disjunctions: An Exploration of Imagination's Role in Changing Long‐Standing Cultural Identity and Lifeways.MaryBeth Chrostowsky - 2021 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 49 (4):437-459.
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  11.  10
    Medicaid's Role for Children with Special Health Care Needs.MaryBeth Musumeci - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (4):897-905.
    This commentary explores Medicaid's role for children with special health care needs today and considers how changes to Medicaid's federal financing structure under a per capita cap or block grant could affect coverage for these children.
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  12.  10
    An Integrative Review of Social and Occupational Factors Influencing Health and Wellbeing.MaryBeth Gallagher, Orla T. Muldoon & Judith Pettigrew - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  13.  2
    The Weight of the Past in the Experience of Health: Time, Embodiment, and Cultural Change in Morocco.Marybeth Macphee - 2004 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 32 (3):374-396.
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  14. Book Review: Makeover TV: Selfhood, Citizenship, and Celebrity and Fix Me Up: Essays on Television Dating and Makeover Shows. [REVIEW]Marybeth C. Stalp - 2012 - Gender and Society 26 (2):327-330.
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  15. Book Review: Medicalized Motherhood: Perspectives From the Lives of African-American and Jewish Women. By Jacquelyn S. Litt. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2000, 189 Pp., $50.00 (Cloth), $20.00 (Paper); Mothering Inner-City Children: The Early School Years. By Katherine Brown Rosier. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2000, 301 Pp., $52.00 (Cloth), $22.00 (Paper); Mothers and Children: Feminist Analyses and Personal Narratives. Edited by Susan E. Chase and Mary F. Rogers. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001, 343 Pp., $55.00 (Cloth), $25.00 (Paper). [REVIEW]Marybeth C. Stalp - 2003 - Gender and Society 17 (2):324-326.
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  16. Book Review: The Marginalized Majority: Media Representation and Lived Experiences of Single Women by Kristie Collins. [REVIEW]Marybeth C. Stalp - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (6):932-934.
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  17. AGI and the Knight-Darwin Law: Why Idealized AGI Reproduction Requires Collaboration.Samuel Alexander - forthcoming - In International Conference on Artificial General Intelligence. Springer.
    Can an AGI create a more intelligent AGI? Under idealized assumptions, for a certain theoretical type of intelligence, our answer is: “Not without outside help”. This is a paper on the mathematical structure of AGI populations when parent AGIs create child AGIs. We argue that such populations satisfy a certain biological law. Motivated by observations of sexual reproduction in seemingly-asexual species, the Knight-Darwin Law states that it is impossible for one organism to asexually produce another, which asexually produces another, (...)
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  18.  77
    Knights of Faith and Resignation: Reading Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling.Edward F. Mooney - 1991 - State University of New York Press.
    Mooney (philosophy, Sonoma State U.) explores Kierkegaard's creative invention, the contemporary relevance of his contrasts between resignation and faith, and his conceptual analysis of aesthetic, moral, and religious psychology and life ...
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  19. Knights, Knaves, Truth, Truthfulness, Grounding, Tethering, Aboutness, and Paradox.Stephen Yablo - 2017 - In Brian Rayman & Melvin Fitting (eds.), Raymond Smullyan on Self Reference. Springer Verlag.
  20. Spinoza; 4 Essays, by Land [and Others, Tr. By A. Menzies and Others] Ed. By Prof. Knight.William Angus Knight, Jan Pieter N. Land & Allan Menzies - 1882
     
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  21.  43
    Explaining Economic Change: The Interplay Between Cognition and Institutions: Jack Knight and Douglass North.Jack Knight - 1997 - Legal Theory 3 (3):211-226.
    Economic theory is built on assumptions about human behavior—assumptions embodied in rational-choice theory. Underlying these assumptions are implicit notions about how we think and learn. These implicit notions are fundamentally important to social explanation. The very plausibility of the explanations that we develop out of rational-choice theory rests crucially on the accuracy of these notions about cognition and rationality. But there is a basic problem: There is often very little relationship between the assumptions that rational-choice theorists make and the way (...)
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  22.  9
    Three Knights of Faith on Job’s Suffering and its Defeat.N. Verbin - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 78 (4-5):382-395.
    The paper explores the manners in which suffering, both natural and moral suffering, is understood and defeated in the lives of different ‘knights of faith,’ who emerge in ‘conversation’ with the book of Job. I begin with Maimonides’ Job who emerges as a ‘knight of wisdom’; it is through wisdom that his suffering is defeated, dissolving into mere pain. I proceed with Kierkegaard’s Job, who emerges as a ‘knight of loving trust,’ who defeats suffering by seeing it as (...)
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  23.  14
    Knight's Model, its Automorphism Group, and Characterizing the Uncountable Cardinals.Greg Hjorth - 2002 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 2 (01):113-144.
    We show that every ℵα can be characterized by the Scott sentence of some countable model; moreover there is a countable structure whose Scott sentence characterizes ℵ1 but whose automorphism group fails the topological Vaught conjecture on analytic sets. We obtain some partial information on Ulm type dichotomy theorems for the automorphism group of Knight's model.
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  24. #NeverAgainMSD Student Activism: A Response to Ruitenberg’s “Educating Political Adversaries”.Kathleen Knight Abowitz & Dan Mamlok - 2019 - Philosophy of Education 75:544-558.
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  25.  26
    The Nature and Significance of Economic Science. Lionel Robbins.Frank H. Knight - 1934 - International Journal of Ethics 44 (3):358-361.
  26.  41
    Knightly Virtues : Enhancing Virtue Literacy Through Stories : Research Report.J. Arthur, T. Harrison, D. Carr, K. Kristjánsson, I. Davidson, D. Hayes & J. Higgins - unknown
    There is a growing consensus in Britain on the importance of character, and on the belief that the virtues that contribute to good character are part of the solution to many of the challenges facing modern society. Parents, teachers and schools understand the need to teach basic moral virtues to pupils, such as honesty, self-control, fairness, and respect, while fostering behaviour associated with such virtues today. However, until recently, the materials required to help deliver this ambition have been missing in (...)
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  27.  40
    The Beginning of the End for Chimpanzee Experiments?Andrew Knight - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:16-.
    The advanced sensory, psychological and social abilities of chimpanzees confer upon them a profound ability to suffer when born into unnatural captive environments, or captured from the wild – as many older research chimpanzees once were – and when subsequently subjected to confinement, social disruption, and involuntary participation in potentially harmful biomedical research. Justifications for such research depend primarily on the important contributions advocates claim it has made toward medical advancements. However, a recent large-scale systematic review indicates that invasive chimpanzee (...)
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  28.  27
    Language Co-Evolved with the Rule of Law.Chris Knight - 2007 - Mind and Society 7 (1):109-128.
    Many scholars assume a connection between the evolution of language and that of distinctively human group-level morality. Unfortunately, such thinkers frequently downplay a central implication of modern Darwinian theory, which precludes the possibility of innate psychological mechanisms evolving to benefit the group at the expense of the individual. Group level moral regulation is indeed central to public life in all known human communities. The production of speech acts would be impossible without this. The challenge, therefore, is to explain on a (...)
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  29.  8
    Turing Computable Embeddings.F. Knight Julia, Miller Sara & M. Vanden Boom - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (3):901-918.
    In [3], two different effective versions of Borel embedding are defined. The first, called computable embedding, is based on uniform enumeration reducibility, while the second, called Turing computable embedding, is based on uniform Turing reducibility. While [3] focused mainly on computable embeddings, the present paper considers Turing computable embeddings. Although the two notions are not equivalent, we can show that they behave alike on the mathematically interesting classes chosen for investigation in [3]. We give a “Pull-back Theorem”, saying that if (...)
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  30.  29
    Risk, Uncertainty and Profit.Frank Knight - 1921 - University of Chicago Press.
    Role of the entrepreneur in a distinct role of profit.
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  31.  80
    Virtue and Meaningful Work.Ronald Beadle & Kelvin Knight - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (2):433-450.
    This paper deploys Alasdair MacIntyre’s Aristotelian virtue ethics, in which meaningfulness is understood to supervene on human functioning, to bring empirical and ethical accounts of meaningful work into dialogue. Whereas empirical accounts have presented the experience of meaningful work either in terms of agents’ orientation to work or as intrinsic to certain types of work, ethical accounts have largely assumed the latter formulation and subjected it to considerations of distributive justice. This paper critiques both the empirical and ethical literatures from (...)
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  32.  7
    Thought Content and Feeling.Knight Dunlap - 1916 - Psychological Review 23 (1):49-70.
  33. .Paul Blackledge & Kelvin Knight (eds.) - 2011 - University of Notre Dame Press.
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  34.  20
    Weighted Sufficientarianisms: Carl Knight on the Excessiveness Objection.Dick Timmer - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy:1-13.
    Carl Knight argues that lexical sufficientarianism, which holds that sufficientarian concerns should have lexical priority over other distributive goals, is ‘excessive’ in many distinct ways and that sufficientarians should either defend weighted sufficientarianism or become prioritarians. In this article, I distinguish three types of weighted sufficientarianism and propose a weighted sufficientarian view that meets the excessiveness objection and is preferable to both Knight’s proposal and prioritarianism. More specifically, I defend a multi-threshold view which gives weighted priority to benefits (...)
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  35.  33
    Announcement as Effort on Topological Spaces.Hans van Ditmarsch, Sophia Knight & Aybüke Özgün - 2019 - Synthese 196 (7):2927-2969.
    We propose a multi-agent logic of knowledge, public announcements and arbitrary announcements, interpreted on topological spaces in the style of subset space semantics. The arbitrary announcement modality functions similarly to the effort modality in subset space logics, however, it comes with intuitive and semantic differences. We provide axiomatizations for three logics based on this setting, with S5 knowledge modality, and demonstrate their completeness. We moreover consider the weaker axiomatizations of three logics with S4 type of knowledge and prove soundness and (...)
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  36.  14
    Knights of Faith and Resignation: Reading Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling.George Pattison - 1991 - Religious Studies 28 (3):428-429.
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  37. What is the Developmentalist Challenge?Paul E. Griffiths & Robin D. Knight - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):253-258.
    Kenneth C. Schaffner's paper is an important contribution to the literature on behavioral genetics and on genetics in general. Schaffner has a long record of injecting real molecular biology into philosophical discussions of genetics. His treatments of the reduction of Mendelian to molecular genetics first drew philosophical attention to the problems of detail that have fuelled both anti-reductionism and more sophisticated models of theory reduction. An injection of molecular detail into discussions of genetics is particularly necessary at the present time, (...)
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  38.  10
    Knights of the Road: Safety, Ethics, and the Professional Truck Driver.Matthew A. Douglas & Stephen M. Swartz - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 142 (3):567-588.
    Accidents involving large trucks result in significant economic and social costs. As technological solutions have improved, behavioral factors contributing to accidents have risen in importance. The purpose of this research is to investigate how norms, consequences, and personal attitudes influence safety-related ethical judgments and behavioral intentions. The Hunt–Vitell’s theory of ethical decision-making is adapted to test how these factors influence truck drivers’ decisions containing ethical content. Professional truck drivers evaluated decisions presented in two scenarios that included the situation, the decision, (...)
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  39.  17
    Monks, Knights, and the Enactment of Competing Social Realities in Eleventh-and Early-Twelfth-Century Flanders.Steven Vanderputten - 2009 - Speculum 84 (3):582-612.
  40.  95
    The Functional Role of Cross-Frequency Coupling.Ryan T. Canolty & Robert T. Knight - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (11):506-515.
  41.  25
    Review of Marybeth Gasman and Louis W. Sullivan, The Morehouse Mystique: Becoming a Doctor at the Nation's Newest African American Medical School 1. [REVIEW]Rana Asali Hogarth - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):51-52.
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  42. The Method of Reflective Equilibrium: Wide, Radical, Fallible, Plausible.Carl Knight - 2006 - Philosophical Papers 35 (2):205-229.
    This article argues that, suitably modified, the method of reflective equilibrium is a plausible way of selecting moral principles. The appropriate conception of the method is wide and radical, admitting consideration of a full range of moral principles and arguments, and requiring the enquiring individual to consider others' views and undergo experiences that may offset any formative biases. The individual is not bound by his initial considered judgments, and may revise his view in any way whatsoever. It is appropriate to (...)
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  43.  14
    The Psychology of Knights and Knaves.Lance J. Rips - 1989 - Cognition 31 (2):85-116.
  44.  72
    Frank Knight's 'Categories' and the Definition of Economics.John Hart - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (3):290-307.
    In an attempt to combat the positivist view that the only legitimate way to conduct social science is in the manner of a natural science, Knight distinguished between positivist and non-positivist categories or levels of interpretation of human-social subject matter. Since each of the categories contained ‘a large element of truth’, Knight argued that any serious analysis would need to embrace a pluralist approach. In this paper I draw on four separate accounts he gave (in 1934, 1940, 1941, (...)
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  45.  45
    The Chemical ‘Knight’s Move’ Relationship: What is its Significance? [REVIEW]Geoff Rayner-Canham & Megan Oldford - 2007 - Foundations of Chemistry 9 (2):119-125.
    Similarities in properties among pairs of metallic elements and their compounds in the lower-right quadrant of the Periodic Table have been named the ‘Knight’s Move’ relationship. Here, we have undertaken a systematic study of the only two ‘double-pairs’ of ‘Knight’s Move’ elements within this region: copper-indium/indium-bismuth and zinc-tin/tin-polonium, focussing on: metal melting points; formulas and properties of compounds; and melting points of halides and chalcogenides. On the basis of these comparisons, we conclude that the systematic evidence for ‘ (...)’s Move’ relationships derives from similarities in formulas and properties of matching pairs of compounds in the same oxidation state. Physical properties, such as melting points, do not provide consistent patterns and trends and hence should not be considered as a common characteristic of this relationship. (shrink)
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  46.  21
    Milking It for All It’s Worth: Unpalatable Practices, Dairy Cows and Veterinary Work?Caroline Clarke & David Knights - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 176 (4):673-688.
    Viewing animals as a disposable resource is by no means novel, but does milking the cow for all its worth now represent a previously unimaginable level of exploitation? New technology has intensified milk production fourfold over the last 50 years, rendering the cow vulnerable to various and frequent clinical interventions deemed necessary to meet the demands for dairy products. A major question is whether or not the veterinary code of practice fits, or is in ethical tension, with the administration of (...)
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  47. A Framework for Luck Egalitarianism in Health and Healthcare.Andreas Albertsen & Carl Knight - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (2):165-169.
    Several attempts have been made to apply the choice-sensitive theory of distributive justice, luck egalitarianism, in the context of health and healthcare. This article presents a framework for this discussion by highlighting different normative decisions to be made in such an application, some of the objections to which luck egalitarians must provide answers and some of the practical implications associated with applying such an approach in the real world. It is argued that luck egalitarians should address distributions of health rather (...)
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  48.  12
    The Knights Hospitallers of England as Undertakers.Ralph Pugh - 1981 - Speculum 56 (3):566-574.
    In pre-Reformation England the Knights Hospitallers habitually buried executed felons irrespective of the felons’ connection with the order. Their authority for doing so and its extent have never been assessed. So that they may be, the evidence of their activity is here set out. jQuery.click { event.preventDefault(); }).
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  49.  19
    Nietzsche and Epicurean Philosophy.A. H. J. Knight - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (32):431 - 445.
    Nietzsche's opinions on philosophy and aesthetics developed under strong and lasting impulses from classical antiquity. These were not always the same, for at various periods in his life Nietzsche placed Heraclitus, Empedocles, Aeschylus, and even Socrates and Plato on the highest summit of wisdom. In his so-called first stage of development the pre-Socratics were generally his favourite thinkers, and in the third and last stage these same figures tend to come into prominence again. On the other hand, in the works (...)
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  50.  3
    Coverbs and Case in VietnameseT'in: A Historical Study.Laurence C. Thompson, Marybeth Clark & David Filbeck - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (3):581.
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