Results for 'Mary Shanahan'

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  1.  16
    Catholic University Colleges.Mary Shanahan - 2002 - The Australasian Catholic Record 79 (2):150.
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  2.  56
    Friendship - (M.P.) Nichols Socrates on Friendship and Community. Reflections on Plato's Symposium, Phaedrus, and Lysis. Pp. viii + 229. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. Paper, £17.99, US$28.99 (Cased, £45, US$80). ISBN: 978-0-521-14883-2 (978-0-521-89973-4 hbk). [REVIEW]Mary Shanahan - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (2):404-406.
  3. Transformations of Urban and Suburban Landscapes: Perspectives From Philosophy, Geography, and Architecture.Ruth Connell, Francis Conroy, Mary A. Hague, James Hatley, David Macauley, John A. Scott, Derek Shanahan & Nancy Siegel (eds.) - 2002 - Lexington Books.
    The study of landscape and place has become an increasingly fertile realm of inquiry in the humanities and social sciences. In this new book of essays, selected from presentations at the first annual meeting of the Society for Philosophy and Geography, scholars investigate the experiences and meanings that inscribe urban and suburban landscapes. Gary Backhaus and John Murungi bring philosophy and geography into a dialogue with a host of other disciplines to explore a fundamental dialectic: while our collective and personal (...)
     
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  4. Martin Dodge, Mary McDerby, and Martin Turner (eds.), Geographic Visualization: Concepts, Tools and Applications.Derek Shanahan - 2009 - Environment, Space, Place:173-175.
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  5.  45
    The evolution of Darwinism: selection, adaptation, and progress in evolutionary biology.Timothy Shanahan - 2004 - New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    No other scientific theory has had as tremendous an impact on our understanding of the world as Darwin's theory as outlined in his Origin of Species, yet from the very beginning the theory has been subject to controversy. The Evolution of Darwinism focuses on three issues of debate - the nature of selection, the nature and scope of adaptation, and the question of evolutionary progress. It traces the varying interpretations to which these issues were subjected from the beginning and the (...)
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  6.  10
    M. Shanahan, Solving the Frame Problem.Murray Shanahan - 2000 - Artificial Intelligence 123 (1-2):275.
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  7.  18
    A spiking neuron model of cortical broadcast and competition.Murray Shanahan - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):288-303.
    This paper presents a computer model of cortical broadcast and competition based on spiking neurons and inspired by the hypothesis of a global neuronal workspace underlying conscious information processing in the human brain. In the model, the hypothesised workspace is realised by a collection of recurrently inter-connected regions capable of sustaining and disseminating a reverberating spatial pattern of activation. At the same time, the workspace remains susceptible to new patterns arriving from outlying cortical populations. Competition among these cortical populations for (...)
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  8.  6
    Supplementary note on “A spiking neuron model of cortical broadcast and competition”.Murray Shanahan - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):304-306.
  9.  90
    Group Selection and the Evolution of Myxomatosis.Timothy Shanahan - 1990 - Evolutionary Theory 9 (2):239 254.
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  10.  17
    Mary Shepherd's Essays on the perception of an external universe.Mary Shepherd - 2020 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This is the first modern edition of the works of Lady Mary Shepherd, one of the most important women philosophers of the early modern period. Shepherd has been widely neglected in the history of philosophy, but her work engaged with the dominant philosophers of the time - among them Hume, Berkeley, and Reid. In particular, her 1827 volume Essays on the Perception of an External Universe outlines a theory of causation, perception, and knowledge which Shepherd presents as an alternative (...)
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  11. Mary Astell on Self-Government and Custom.Marie Jayasekera - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-21.
    This paper identifies, develops, and argues for an interpretation of Mary Astell’s understanding of self-government. On this interpretation, what is essential to self-government, according to Astell, is an agent’s responsiveness to her own reasoning. The paper identifies two aspects of her theory of self-government: an “authenticity” criterion of what makes our motives our own and an account of the capacities required for responsiveness to our own reasoning. The authenticity criterion states that when our motives arise from some external source (...)
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  12. Embodiment and the inner life: cognition and consciousness in the space of possible minds.Murray Shanahan - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  13. The frame problem.Murray Shanahan - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  14. 17 Mary Kelly.Mary Kelly - 2007 - In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: Key Contemporary Thinkers. Berg. pp. 17.
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  15.  50
    The Development of a Virtue Ethics Scale.Kevin J. Shanahan & Michael R. Hyman - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (2):197 - 208.
    Drawing on conceptual works by Murphy (1999) and Solomon (1999), we develop a virtue ethics scale. Other ethics scales, which are grounded in deontological and teleological principles, may be used to classify people according to their beliefs about (1) the criteria they use to make ethical decisions, or (2) the ethicality of those decisions. We suggest augmenting these scales with our virtue ethics scale, which may be used to classify people according to their beliefs about the virtuous qualities of businesspeople.
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  16.  17
    Cultural Analysis: The Work of Peter L. Berger, Mary Douglas, Michel Foucault, and Jürgen Habermas.Mary Douglas, Robert Wuthnow, James Davison Hunter, Albert Bergesen & Edith Kurzweil - 1984 - Boston ; London : Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    First published in 1984, Cultural Analysis is a systematic examination of the theories of culture contained in the writings of four contemporary social theorists: Peter L. Berger, Mary Douglas, Michel Foucault, and Jürgen Habermas. This study of their work clarifies their contributions to the analysis of culture and shows the converging assumptions that the authors believe are laying the foundation for a new approach to the study of culture. The focus is specifically on culture, a concept that remains subject (...)
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  17.  15
    “Ethics When You Least Expect It”: A Modular Approach to Short Course Data Ethics Instruction.Louise Bezuidenhout, Robert Quick & Hugh Shanahan - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (4):2189-2213.
    Data science skills are rapidly becoming a necessity in modern science. In response to this need, institutions and organizations around the world are developing research data science curricula to teach the programming and computational skills that are needed to build and maintain data infrastructures and maximize the use of available data. To date, however, few of these courses have included an explicit ethics component, and developing such components can be challenging. This paper describes a novel approach to teaching data ethics (...)
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  18.  53
    The essential Mary Midgley.Mary Midgley - 2005 - New York: Routledge. Edited by David Midgley.
    Feared and admired in equal measure, Mary Midgely has carefully, yet profoundly challenged many of the scientific and moral orthodoxies of the twentieth century. The Essential Mary Midgley collects for the first time the very best of this famous philosopher's work, described by the Financial Times as "commonsense philosophy of the highest order." This anthology includes carefully chosen selections from her best-selling books, including Wickedness, Beast and Man, Science and Poetry and The Myths We Live By . It (...)
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  19.  87
    A cognitive architecture that combines internal simulation with a global workspace.Murray Shanahan - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):433-449.
    This paper proposes a brain-inspired cognitive architecture that incorporates approximations to the concepts of consciousness, imagination, and emotion. To emulate the empirically established cognitive efficacy of conscious as opposed to non-conscious information processing in the mammalian brain, the architecture adopts a model of information flow from global workspace theory. Cognitive functions such as anticipation and planning are realised through internal simulation of interaction with the environment. Action selection, in both actual and internally simulated interaction with the environment, is mediated by (...)
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  20. Applying global workspace theory to the frame problem.Murray Shanahan & Bernard Baars - 2005 - Cognition 98 (2):157-176.
  21.  14
    Mary, Our Lady Who Brings Down Walls.Marie-Claire Klassen - 2023 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 43 (1):167-188.
    In Fratelli Tutti, Pope Francis writes that Mary “wants to give birth to a new world... where there is room for all those whom our societies discard, where justice and peace are resplendent.” This essay explores the significance of Mary for a Christian vision of peace and justice through ethnographic research on the role of Mary in the lives of Palestinian Christian women and in popular religion in Palestine more broadly. Utilizing the methodology of theological ethnography, this (...)
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  22. An Enlightened Way to Curb Piracy of Digitalized Intellectual Property.M. R. Hyman & K. J. Shanahan - forthcoming - B> Quest.
     
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  23.  45
    Letter from Marie Piccone.Marie Piccone - 2005 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2005 (131):3-3.
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  24.  22
    Perception as Abduction: Turning Sensor Data Into Meaningful Representation.Murray Shanahan - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (1):103-134.
    This article presents a formal theory of robot perception as a form of abduction. The theory pins down the process whereby low‐level sensor data is transformed into a symbolic representation of the external world, drawing together aspects such as incompleteness, top‐down information flow, active perception, attention, and sensor fusion in a unifying framework. In addition, a number of themes are identified that are common to both the engineer concerned with developing a rigorous theory of perception, such as the one on (...)
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  25.  45
    Global access, embodiment, and the conscious subject.Murray Shanahan - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (12):46-66.
    The objectives of this article are twofold. First, by denying the dualism inherent in attempts to load metaphysical significance on the inner/outer distinction, it defends the view that scientific investigation can approach consciousness in itself, and is not somehow restricted in scope to the outward manifestations of a private and hidden realm. Second, it provisionally endorses the central tenets of global workspace theory, and recommends them as a possible basis for the sort of scientific understanding of consciousness thus legitimised. However, (...)
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  26.  30
    Chance as an Explanatory Factor in Evolutionary Biology.Timothy Shanahan - 1991 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 13 (2):249 - 268.
    Darwinian evolutionary biology has often been criticized for appealing to the notion of 'chance' in its explanations. According to some critics, such appeals exhibit the explanatory poverty of evolutionary theory. In response, defenders of Darwinism sometimes downplay the importance of 'chance' in evolution. I believe that both of these approaches are mistaken. The main thesis of this paper is that the term 'chance' encompasses a number of distinct concepts, and that at least some of these concepts serve essential explanatory functions (...)
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  27.  8
    Mary Warnock: a memoir: people and places.Mary Warnock - 2000 - London: Duckworth.
    A leader in the modern commentary on ethics and philosophy, Mary Warnock casts a critical eye over her life and times.
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  28. God and nature in the thought of Robert Boyle.Timothy Shanahan - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (4):547-569.
    THERE IS WIDESPREAD AGREEMENT among historians that the writings of Robert Boyle (1697-1691) constitute a valuable archive for understanding the concerns of seventeenth-century British natural philosophers. His writings have often been seen as representing, in one fashion or another, all of the leading intellectual currents of his day. ~ There is somewhat less consensus, however, on the proper historiographic method for interpreting these writings, as well as on the specific details of the beliefs expressed in them. Studies seeking to explicate (...)
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  29. Models as Mediators: Perspectives on Natural and Social Science.Mary S. Morgan & Margaret Morrison (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    Models as Mediators discusses the ways in which models function in modern science, particularly in the fields of physics and economics. Models play a variety of roles in the sciences: they are used in the development, exploration and application of theories and in measurement methods. They also provide instruments for using scientific concepts and principles to intervene in the world. The editors provide a framework which covers the construction and function of scientific models, and explore the ways in which they (...)
     
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  30.  2
    A circumscriptive calculus of events.Murray Shanahan - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 77 (2):249-284.
  31.  2
    Mary Warnock: A Memoir : People and Places.Mary Warnock - 2000 - London: Bloomsbury Academic.
    A leader in the modern commentary on ethics and philosophy, Mary Warnock casts a critical eye over her life and times.
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  32.  44
    Global workspace theory emerges unscathed.Murray Shanahan & Bernard Baars - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):524-525.
    Our aim in this reply is to defend Global Workspace theory (GWT) from the challenge of Block's article. We argue that Block's article relies on an outdated and imprecise concept of access, and perpetuates a common misunderstanding of GWT that conflates the global workspace with working memory. In the light of the relevant clarifications, Block's conclusion turns out to be unwarranted, and the basic tenets of GWT emerge unscathed.
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  33. Jean-Marie Tjibaou: Kanaky [Book Review].Mary Roddy - 2010 - The Australasian Catholic Record 87 (2):254.
     
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  34. Motivators and enablers of SCOURing: A study of online piracy in the US and UK.K. J. Shanahan & M. R. Hyman - 2010 - Journal of Business Research 63 (9):1095--1102.
     
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  35.  5
    Mary Ann Baily and Thomas H. Murray reply.Mary Ann Baily & Thomas H. Murray - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (1):7-7.
  36.  95
    Mary Ann Baily and Thomas H. Murray reply.Mary Ann Baily & Thomas H. Murray - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (1):7-7.
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  37.  29
    Why don’t zebras have machine guns? Adaptation, selection, and constraints in evolutionary theory.Timothy Shanahan - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (1):135-146.
  38. Evolution, phenotypic selection, and the units of selection.Timothy Shanahan - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (2):210-225.
    In recent years philosophers have attempted to clarify the units of selection controversy in evolutionary biology by offering conceptual analyses of the term 'unit of selection'. A common feature of many of these analyses is an emphasis on the claim that units of selection are entities exhibiting heritable variation in fitness. In this paper I argue that the demand that units of selection be characterized in terms of heritability is unnecessary, as well as undesirable, on historical, theoretical, and philosophical grounds. (...)
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  39.  8
    Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Research: The Selected Works of Mary E. James.Mary E. James - 2016 - Routledge.
    In the _World Library of Educationalists_, international experts themselves compile career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces – extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, major theoretical and practical contributions – so the world can read them in a single manageable volume, allowing readers to follow the themes of their work and see how it contributes to the development of the field. Mary James has researched and written on a range of educational subjects which (...)
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  40.  52
    Why don't zebras have machine guns adaptation, selection, and constraints in evolutionary theory.Timothy Shanahan - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (1):135-146.
    In an influential paper, Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin contrasted selection-driven adaptation with phylogenetic, architectural, and developmental constraints as distinct causes of phenotypic evolution. In subsequent publications Gould has elaborated this distinction into one between a narrow “Darwinian Fundamentalist” emphasis on “external functionalist” processes, and a more inclusive “pluralist” emphasis on “internal structuralist” principles. Although theoretical integration of functionalist and structuralist explanations is the ultimate aim, natural selection and internal constraints are treated as distinct causes of evolutionary change. This (...)
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  41.  67
    Kant, "Naturphilosophi", and Oersted's Discovery of Electromagnetism: A Reassessment.Timothy Shanahan - 1989 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 20 (3):287.
    THE DANISH chemist and physicist Hans Christian Oersted (1777-I 851) is recognized by historians of science primarily as the discoverer of electromagnetism. His experiments in 1820 demonstrated a definite lawlike relationship between electrical and magnetic phenomena. The quite general question of whether there is in science such a thing as a “logic of discovery” can in this case be given a more precise formulation. Why was Oersted, rather than another of the many scientists interested in electricity and magnetism in the (...)
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  42. 'Mary: Grace and Hope in Christ': Some Observations and Comments.Marie Farrell - 2007 - The Australasian Catholic Record 84 (3):259.
  43. Mary: The Complete Resource [Book Review].Marie Farrell - 2010 - The Australasian Catholic Record 87 (4):500.
     
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  44.  24
    Mary within the mystery of salvation.Marie T. Farrell - 1994 - The Australasian Catholic Record 71 (4):429.
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  45.  26
    The First Moment of Scientific Inquiry: C. S. Peirce on the Logic of Abduction.Timothy Shanahan - 1986 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 22 (4):449 - 466.
  46.  12
    An attempt to formalise a non-trivial benchmark problem in common sense reasoning.Murray Shanahan - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence 153 (1-2):141-165.
  47. Marie-Laure Deroff, Homme/Femme : la part de la sexualité. Une sociologie de l’hétérosexualité.Marie-Carmen Garcia - 2008 - Clio 27:264-265.
    Les modèles traditionnels de la masculinité et de la féminité ont été bouleversés au cours des trente dernières années. On observe ainsi des rapprochements entre les expériences sociales féminines et masculines, une certaine porosité des frontières entre les sexes et l’élaboration d’identités sexuées aux contours mouvants. Partant de ces constats, le livre de Marie-Laure Déroff, confronte des modèles médiatisés de la masculinité et de la féminité et des récits de vie centrés sur la sexualité....
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  48.  12
    Mary Wollstonecraft, Lettres de Scandinavie. Lettres écrites durant un court séjour en Suède, en Norvège, et au Danemark.Marie-Odile Bernez - 2014 - Clio 39.
    Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) est une auteure majeure de la fin du dix-huitième siècle et on se réjouit de voir la première traduction en français de ses Lettres de Scandinavie, plus de deux siècles après leur parution en 1796. L’ouvrage se présente sous la forme d’une narration épistolaire. Wollstonecraft y fait le récit du séjour de trois mois qu’elle passa en Scandinavie durant l’été de 1795. Elle y avait été envoyée par son amant, que l’on supposait être son mari, un (...)
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  49.  77
    Selection, Drift, and the Aims of Evolutionary Theory.Timothy Shanahan - 1992 - Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 11 (1):133-161.
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  50. Program-length commercials and host selling by the WWF.Kevin J. Shanahan & Michael R. Hyman - 2001 - Business and Society Review 106 (4):379--393.
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