Results for 'Mary B. Harris'

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  1.  15
    Explaining gender differences in aggression: An ambitious but inconclusive attempt.Mary B. Harris - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (2):225-226.
    Campbell's ambitious target article attempts to explain gender differences in both aggressive behavior and cultural representations of aggressive behavior. I comment on some of the specific arguments that require further clarification, some areas that merit expanded discussion, some topics which should be mentioned, and some research and theoretical questions raised by the article.
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  2.  44
    Book Reviews Section 4.Adelia M. Peters, Mary B. Harris, Richard T. Walls, George A. Letchworth, Ruth G. Strickland, Thomas L. Patrick, Donald R. Chipley, David R. Stone, Diane Lapp, Joan S. Stark, James W. Wagener, Dewane E. Lamka, Ernest B. Jaski, John Spiess, John D. Lind, Thomas J. la Belle, Erwin H. Goldenstein, George R. la Noue, David M. Rafky, L. D. Haskew, Robert J. Nash, Norman H. Leeseberg, Joseph J. Pizzillo & Vincent Crockenberg - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (3):169-185.
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  3.  14
    Science and the Human Imagination. Mary B. Hesse New York: Philosophical Library, 1955. Pp. 171. $3.75.H. S. Harris - 1956 - Philosophy of Science 23 (3):268-269.
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  4.  68
    Models and Analogies in Science.Mary B. Hesse - 1963 - [Notre Dame, Ind.]: University of Notre Dame Press.
  5.  20
    Science and the Human Imagination. Mary B. Hesse. [REVIEW]H. S. Harris - 1956 - Philosophy of Science 23 (3):268-269.
  6. Models and Analogies in Science.Mary B. Hesse - 1966 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 3 (3):190-191.
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  7. The structure of scientific inference.Mary B. Hesse - 1974 - [London]: Macmillan.
  8.  11
    Revolutions and Reconstructions in the Philosophy of Science.Mary B. Hesse - 1980 - Harvester Press.
  9. Forces and fields: the concept of action at a distance in the history of physics.Mary B. Hesse - 1961 - Mineola, N.Y.: Dover Publications.
    This history of physics focuses on the question, "How do bodies act on one another across space?" The variety of answers illustrates the function of fundamental analogies or models in physics as well as the role of so-called unobservable entities. Forces and Fields presents an in-depth look at the science of ancient Greece, and it examines the influence of antique philosophy on seventeenth-century thought. Additional topics embrace many elements of modern physics--the empirical basis of quantum mechanics, wave-particle duality and the (...)
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  10.  24
    Market Fairness: The Poor Country Cousin of Market Efficiency.Frederick H. de B. Harris, Sean Foley, Angelo Aspris & Michael J. Aitken - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (1):5-23.
    Both fairness and efficiency are important considerations in market design and regulation, yet many regulators have neither defined nor measured these concepts. We develop an evidencebased policy framework in which these are both defined and measured using a series of empirical proxies. We then build a systems estimation model to examine the 2003–2011 explosive growth in algorithmic trading on the London Stock Exchange and NYSE Euronext Paris. Our results show that greater AT is associated with increased transactional efficiency and reduced (...)
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  11.  53
    Forces and fields.Mary B. Hesse - 1961 - Westport, Conn.,: Greenwood Press.
    An in-depth look at the science of ancient Greece, this volume examines the influence of antique philosophy on 17th-century thought. Additional topics embrace many elements of modern physics: the empirical basis of quantum mechanics, wave-particle duality and the uncertainty principle, and the action-at-a-distance theory of Wheeler and Feynman. 1961 edition.
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  12. Forces and Fields: The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics.Mary B. Hesse - 1961 - Synthese 13 (3):252-253.
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  13.  52
    Are Audit-related Ethical Decisions Dependent upon Mood?Mary B. Curtis - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):191-209.
    This study explores the impact of mood on individuals’ ethical decision-making processes through the Graham [Graham, J. W.: 1986, Research in Organizational Behavior 8, 1–52] model of Principled Organizational Dissent. In particular, the research addresses how an individual’s mood influences his or her willingness to report the unethical actions of a colleague. Participants’ experienced an affectively charged, unrelated event and were then asked to make a decision regarding whistle-blowing intentions in a public accounting context. As expected, negative mood was associated (...)
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  14.  35
    Forces and Fields.Mary B. Hesse - 1963 - Philosophical Quarterly 13 (51):179-180.
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  15.  18
    The logical status of the theory of natural selection and other evolutionary controversies.Mary B. Williams - 1973 - In Mario Augusto Bunge (ed.), The Methodological Unity of Science. Boston: Reidel. pp. 84--102.
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  16. Models in physics.Mary B. Hesse - 1953 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (15):198-214.
  17.  7
    Facial memory: Constructing familiar and unfamiliar faces.Mary B. Yount & Kenneth R. Laughery - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (2):80-82.
  18. Falsifiable predictions of evolutionary theory.Mary B. Williams - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (4):518-537.
    Many philosophers have asserted that evolutionary theory is unfalsifiable. In this paper I refute these assertions by detailing some falsifiable predictions of the theory and the evidence used to test them. I then analyze both these predictions and evidence cited to support assertions of unfalsifiability in order to show both what type of predictions are possible and why it has been so difficult to spot them. The conclusion is that the apparent logical peculiarity of evolutionary theory is not a property (...)
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  19.  71
    Species are individuals: Theoretical foundations for the claim.Mary B. Williams - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):578-590.
    This paper shows that species are individuals with respect to evolutionary theory in the sense that the laws of the theory deal with species as irreducible wholes rather than as sets of organisms. 'Species X' is an instantiation of a primitive term of the theory. I present a sketch of a proof that it cannot be defined within the theory as a set of organisms; the proof relies not on details of my axiomatization but rather on a generally accepted property (...)
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  20.  17
    The Ethical Options In Transplanting Fetal Tissue.Mary B. Mahowald, Jerry Silver & Robert A. Ratcheson - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (1):9-15.
    Fetal tissue transplants have now been successful in primates, raising the possibility of treatment for Parkinson's disease and other chronic illnesses. Whether or not abortion is morally justified, use of human fetal tissue for research or therapy is justified in certain circumstances. The rationale, both for permitting transplantation of fetal tissue and for limitations in exercising the technology, is based on the same set of ethical principles that supported restrictive legislation in the past: respect for autonomy and a balancing of (...)
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  21.  21
    Peer Ostracism as a Sanction Against Wrongdoers and Whistleblowers.Mary B. Curtis, Jesse C. Robertson, R. Cameron Cockrell & L. Dutch Fayard - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 174 (2):333-354.
    Retaliation against whistleblowers is a well-recognized problem, yet there is little explanation for why uninvolved peers choose to retaliate through ostracism. We conduct two experiments in which participants take the role of a peer third-party observer of theft and subsequent whistleblowing. We manipulate injunctive norms and descriptive norms. Both experiments support the core of our theoretical model, based on social intuitionist theory, such that moral judgments of the acts of wrongdoing and whistleblowing influence the perceived likeability of each actor and (...)
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  22. In Defence of Objectivity.Mary B. Hesse - 1972 - Proceedings of the British Academy 58.
     
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  23. Gilbert and the historians (II).Mary B. Hesse - 1960 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (42):130-142.
  24.  16
    Hooke's Philosophical Algebra.Mary B. Hesse - 1966 - Isis 57 (1):67-83.
  25.  57
    Gilbert and the historians (I).Mary B. Hesse - 1960 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (41):1-10.
  26.  20
    Renaissance Feminism: Literary Texts and Political Models (review).Mary B. McKinley - 1992 - Philosophy and Literature 16 (1):231-232.
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  27.  11
    Montaigne in Motion (review).Mary B. McKinley - 1987 - Philosophy and Literature 11 (2):348-349.
  28.  53
    Action at a Distance in Classical Physics.Mary B. Hesse - 1955 - Isis 46 (4):337-353.
  29.  16
    Reason and Morality.Mary B. Mahowald - 1980 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (3):446-447.
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  30.  83
    The Construction of Reality.Michael A. Arbib & Mary B. Hesse - 1986 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Mary B. Hesse.
    In this book, Michael Arbib, a researcher in artificial intelligence and brain theory, joins forces with Mary Hesse, a philosopher of science, to present an integrated account of how humans 'construct' reality through interaction with the social and physical world around them. The book is a major expansion of the Gifford Lectures delivered by the authors at the University of Edinburgh in the autumn of 1983. The authors reconcile a theory of the individual's construction of reality as a network (...)
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  31.  39
    Boole's philosophy of logic.Mary B. Hesse - 1952 - Annals of Science 8 (1):61-81.
  32.  54
    On Defining Analogy.Mary B. Hesse - 1960 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 60:79 - 100.
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  33.  16
    V — On Defining Analogy.Mary B. Hesse - 1960 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 60 (1):79-100.
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  34. Discounting versus maximum sustainable yield.Mary B. Williams - 1978 - In Richard I. Sikora & Brian M. Barry (eds.), Obligations to Future Generations. White Horse Press. pp. 169--185.
     
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  35.  33
    Similarities and Differences between Evolutionary Theory and the Theories of Physics.Mary B. Williams - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:385 - 396.
    Many philosophers have claimed that the structure of evolutionary theory is intrinsically different from the structure of physical theories. These claims were based on the appearance of the immature structure of the theory. Refutations of these claims have been based on newly available glimpses of the mature structure of the theory. These claims and their refutations show that the relationship between the immature and mature structures of evolutionary theory is dramatically different from this relationship for Newtonian physics. Analysis of the (...)
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  36. ""To work, or not to work, in" tainted" circumstances: Difficult choices for humanitarians.Mary B. Anderson - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (1):201-222.
    The author applies Albert Hirschman's "Exit, Voice and Loyalty" framework to the dilemmas faced by humanitarian aid workers in complex settings where local or international political and military realities may "taint" the purposes and uses of aid. She reviews the pro and con arguments surrounding the difficult choices of whether to go or not, whether to stay or leave and whether to speak out or remain silent in such circumstances. Because international humanitarians insert themselves into circumstances that are not their (...)
     
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  37.  20
    Enlightenment now concluding reflections on knowledge and belief.Mary B. Campbell, Lorraine Daston, Arnold Ira Davidson, John Forrester & Simon Goldhill - 2007 - Common Knowledge 13 (2-3):429-450.
  38.  37
    The Logical Structure of Functional Explanations in Biology.Mary B. Williams - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:37 - 46.
    This paper: (1) gives a schema of the logical structure of functional explanation in biology; (2) shows that it falls under the covering law model of explanation by proving that the explanandum follows from the explanans; and (3) supports the claim that it captures the logical structure underlying the biological usage by analyzing in detail two cases from biology.
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  39. Gender and economic inequality.Mary B. Gregory - 2009 - In Wiemer Salverda, Brian Nolan & Timothy M. Smeeding (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality. Oxford University Press.
    This article assesses the changing economic status of women, the forces driving it, and its implications for inequality between women and men and among women. Section 2 reviews women's growing labour market participation and its changing occupational structure. Section 3 analyzes the extent and sources of the gender pay gap. Section 4 reviews two of the major drivers of recent economic change for women: the transformation of their educational status, and the impact of technology. Section 5 addresses the implications of (...)
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  40.  27
    Disability? Long on the Agenda for Some Bioethicists.Mary B. Mahowald - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):45-46.
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  41.  69
    Self-Preservation: An Argument for Therapeutic Cloning, and a Strategy for Fostering Respect for Moral Integrity.Mary B. Mahowald - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):56-66.
    The issues of human cloning and stem cell retrieval are inseparable in circumstances in which the rationale of self-preservation may be invoked as a negative right. I apply this rationale to a hypothetical case in which cloning is necessary to preserve the bodily integrity or life of an individual. Self-preservation as moral integrity is examined in a narrower context, i.e., as applicable to those for whom deliberate termination of embryonic life is morally-problematic. This issue is addressed through comparison with two (...)
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  42.  6
    Science and the Human Imagination: Aspects of the History and Logic of Physical Science.Mary B. Hesse - 1955 - Scm.
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  43.  46
    Theories, dictionaries, and observation.Mary B. Hesse - 1958 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (33):12-28.
  44.  8
    Rights and Persons.Mary B. Mahowald - 1979 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 40 (1):139-140.
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  45.  19
    Wonder, imagination, and the matter of theatre in.Mary B. Moore - 2006 - Philosophy and Literature 30 (2):496-511.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Wonder, Imagination, and the Matter of Theatre in The TempestMary MooreAriel occurs. Recounting his performance of "the tempest" in Act I, scene 1 of The Tempest, he presents himself as being and action, fracturing grammar, spatial and temporal logic in ways that amaze and confound:I boarded the King's ship; now on the beak, Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin, I flamed amazement. Sometime I'd divide, And (...)
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  46. Behind the Veil of Ignorance: A Dim View. A Critical Study of Rawls's "Theory of Justice.".Mary B. Gibson - 1975 - Dissertation, Princeton University
     
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  47.  16
    A Criterion Relating Singularity and Individuality.Mary B. Williams - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):204.
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  48.  32
    "Fitness" in Fact and Fiction.Mary B. Williams & Alexander Rosenberg - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (12):738-749.
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  49.  34
    Sex-Role Stereotypes in Medicine.Mary B. Mahowald - 1987 - Hypatia 2 (2):21 - 38.
    I argue for compatibility between feminism and medicine by developing a model of the physician-other relationship which is essentially egalitarian. This entails rejection of (a) a paternalistic model which reinforces sex-role stereotypes, (b) a maternalistic model which exclusively emphasizes patient autonomy, and (c) a model which focuses on the physician's conscience. The model I propose (parentalism) captures the complexity and dynamism of the physician-other relationship, by stressing mutuality in respect for autonomy and regard for each other's interests.
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  50. Person.Mary B. Mahowald - 1995 - Encyclopedia of Bioethics 4:1934-1940.
     
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