Results for 'Martyn Rothwell'

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  1.  19
    Sport Practitioners as Sport Ecology Designers: How Ecological Dynamics Has Progressively Changed Perceptions of Skill “Acquisition” in the Sporting Habitat.Carl T. Woods, Ian McKeown, Martyn Rothwell, Duarte Araújo, Sam Robertson & Keith Davids - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Over two decades ago, Davids et al. (1994) and Handford et al. (1997) raised theoretical concerns associated with traditional, reductionist, mechanistic perspectives of movement coordination and skill acquisition for sport scientists interested in practical applications for training designs. These seminal papers advocated an emerging consciousness grounded in an ecological approach, signalling the need for sports practitioners to appreciate the constraints-led, deeply entangled and non-linear reciprocity between the organism (performer), task and environment subsystems. Over two decades later, the areas of skill (...)
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  2.  17
    The Co-production of Science, Ethics, and Emotion.Martyn Pickersgill - 2012 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 37 (6):579-603.
    The concept of “ethical research” holds considerable sway over the ways in which contemporary biomedical, natural, and social science investigations are funded, regulated, and practiced within a variety of countries. Some commentators have viewed this “new” means of governance positively; others, however, have been resoundingly critical, regarding it as restrictive and ethics bodies and regulations unfit for the task they have been set. Regardless, it is clear that science today is an “ethical” business. The ways in which formal and informal (...)
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  3.  56
    Ethical Climate Theory, Whistle-blowing, and the Code of Silence in Police Agencies in the State of Georgia.Gary R. Rothwell & J. Norman Baldwin - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (4):341-361.
    This article reports the findings from a study that investigates the relationship between ethical climates and police whistle-blowing on five forms of misconduct in the State of Georgia. The results indicate that a friendship or team climate generally explains willingness to blow the whistle, but not the actual frequency of blowing the whistle. Instead, supervisory status, a control variable investigated in previous studies, is the most consistent predictor of both willingness to blow the whistle and frequency of blowing the whistle. (...)
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  4.  11
    Book Review by Martyn Goff of Skoob Directory of Secondhand Bookshops in the British Isles 5e Editor M. P. Ong. [REVIEW]Martyn Goff - 1994 - Logos 5 (3):147.
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  5. Natural Law in Science and Philosophy, Authorized Tr. By F. Rothwell.Étienne Émile M. Boutroux & Fred Rothwell - 1914
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  6. Philosophy & War, Authorized Tr. By F. Rothwell.Étienne Émile M. Boutroux & Fred Rothwell - 1916
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  7.  71
    Debating DSM-5: diagnosis and the sociology of critique.Martyn D. Pickersgill - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (8):521-525.
    The development of the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association9s _Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders_—the DSM-5—has reenergised and driven further forward critical discourse about the place and role of diagnosis in mental health. The DSM-5 has attracted considerable criticism, not least about its role in processes of medicalisation. This paper suggests the need for a sociology of psychiatric critique. Sociological analysis can help map fields of contention, and cast fresh light on the assumptions and nuances of debate (...)
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  8.  32
    Research as Emancipatory: The Case of Bhaskar's Critical Realism.Martyn Hammersley - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):33-48.
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  9.  21
    The holophrastic hypothesis: Conceptual and empirical issues.Martyn J. Barrett - 1982 - Cognition 11 (1):47-76.
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  10. Listening to Music.Martyn Evans - 1992 - Philosophy 67 (259):123-125.
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  11. Historical Studies in Philosophy, Authorized Tr. By F. Rothwell.Étienne Émile M. Boutroux & Fred Rothwell - 1912
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  12. On Military Duty, Authorized Tr. By F. Rothwell.Étienne Émile M. Boutroux & Fred Rothwell - 1914
     
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  13. The Contingency of the Laws of Nature, Authorized Tr. By F. Rothwell.Étienne Émile M. Boutroux & Fred Rothwell - 1916
  14.  12
    A Plea for the Heart.Martyn Evans - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (3):227-231.
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  15.  33
    New harvest -- transplanting body parts and reaping the benefits.Martyn Evans - 1992 - Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (4):222-223.
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  16.  21
    The autonomy of the patient: Informed consent.Martyn Evans - 2001 - In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European perspective. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 8--83.
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  17.  15
    Towards a national literary culture in France: Homogeneity and the 19th century reading public.Martyn Lyons - 1993 - History of European Ideas 16 (1-3):247-252.
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  18.  41
    Emile Boutroux.Fred Rothwell - 1922 - The Monist 32 (2):161-163.
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  19.  9
    Jpegs: Thomas Ruff and the horror of digital photography.Ian Rothwell - 2021 - Philosophy of Photography 12 (1):93-109.
    This article analyses the aesthetics of digital compression as revealed in Thomas Ruff’s Jpegs series of photographs (2004–07). These images exhibit a poor standard of digital picture resolution fixed as large-scale, high-quality, lustrous C-type photographic prints. With reference to Vilém Flusser’s writing on photography, I argue that Ruff’s work discloses a ‘horror of digital photography’: a system of automated representation, which inverts our relationship to the photographic image.
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  20.  18
    Ideas of Contract in English Political Thought in the Age of John Locke.Martyn P. Thompson - 1987 - Routledge.
    Originally published in 1987. This book analyses what Englishmen understood by the term contract in political discussions during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. It provides evidence for reconsidering conventional accounts of the relationships between political ideas, groups and practices of the period. But also suggests cause for examining the general history of modern European contract theory. It considers contract as a term appearing in a spectrum of works from philosophical treatise to sermons and polemical pamphlets. Looking at the (...)
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  21.  46
    Research as Emancipatory: The Case of Bhaskar's Critical Realism.Martyn Hammersley - 2002 - Journal of Critical Realism 1 (1):33-48.
  22.  21
    Response to Sheehan et al’_ s ‘ _In defence of governance: ethics review and social research’.Martyn Hammersley - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):717-718.
    This response welcomes Sheehan et al’s discussion of the criticisms that have been made of mandatory, pre-emptive ethics regulation and their outline of a philosophical rationale for it. However, it is argued that they misrepresent some of the key criticisms and fail to provide any effective response to them.
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  23. Pythagoras and the Delphic Mysteries, Tr. By F. Rothwell.Édouard Schuré & Fred Rothwell - 1906
     
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  24.  29
    Alfred Schutz and ethnomethodology: Origins and departures.Martyn Hammersley - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (2):59-75.
    The work of Alfred Schutz was an important early influence on Harold Garfinkel and therefore on the development of ethnomethodology. In this article, I try to clarify what Garfinkel drew from Schutz, as well as what he did not take from him, specifically as regards the task of social inquiry. This is done by focusing in detail on one of Schutz’s key articles: ‘Concept and Theory Formation in the Social Sciences’. The aim is thereby to illuminate the relationship between Schutz’s (...)
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  25. What is a person.Martyn Evans - 2001 - In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European perspective. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 141--155.
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  26.  32
    Metaplasticity rendered visible in paint: How matter ‘matters’ in the lifeworld of Human action.Martyn Woodward - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):113-132.
    Recent theoretical and philosophical movements within the study of material culture are more carefully attending to the variety of ways in which human artefacts, institutions, and cultural developments extend, shape and alter human cognition over time. Material Engagement Theory in particular has set out to map, explore and understand the relational nature of mind and material world as can be read through cultural artefacts. Within the context of MET, the neurological concept of metaplasticity has been expanded to include the affective (...)
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  27.  10
    Is ‘Representation’ a Folk Term? Some Thoughts on a Theme in Science Studies.Martyn Hammersley - 2022 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 52 (3):132-149.
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 132-149, June 2022. An influential strand within Science and Technology Studies rejects the idea that science produces representations referring to objects or processes that exist independently of it. This radical ‘turn’ has been framed as ‘constructionist’, ‘nominalist’, and more recently as ‘ontological’. Its central argument is that science constructs or enacts rather than represents. Since most practitioners of science believe that it involves representation, an implication of the radical turn must (...)
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  28.  22
    Medical humanities.Martyn Evans & Ilora G. Finlay (eds.) - 2001 - London: BMJ.
    The purpose of medical humanities is to improve the delivery of effective health care through a better understanding of disease in society, and in the individual. The interfaces between the science of medicine and the arts, philosophy, sociology and law interpret causes and effects of disease. The field of medical ethics is the most prominent offspring of this wider debate, yet the context of disease in the life of the individual and of society is profound and far-reaching. The influences of (...)
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  29.  22
    At the Genesis of a Research Idea: Defending and Defining a Duty Prior to Ethics Review.Martyn Denscombe, Gavin Dingwall & Tim Hillier - 2008 - Research Ethics 4 (2):73-75.
    This article challenges the assumption inherent in many ethics codes that duties only arise when the project is sufficiently advanced that a formal research proposal can be put before an ethics committee for approval. Certain social science methodologies do not lend themselves to a simple demarcation between the preparation and the implementation of the research. It is therefore imperative that consideration is given to researchers' ethical duties prior to formal review. The problem of demarcation and of defining a duty are (...)
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  30. Vol. 1. Symptom.Martyn Evans, Rolf Ahlzén, Iona Heath & Jane MacNaughton - 2008 - In Martyn Evans, Rolf Ahlzén, Pekka Louhiala & J. Jill Gordon (eds.), Medical Humanities Companion. Radcliffe Publishing.
  31.  10
    Why might negative mood help or hinder inhibitory performance? An exploration of thinking styles using a Navon induction.Martyn Sean Gabel & Tara McAuley - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (4):705-712.
    Theories of affective influences on cognition posit that negative mood may increase cognitive load, causing a decrement in task performance (Seibert & Ellis, [1991]. Irrelevant thoughts, emotional mood states, and cognitive task performance. Memory & Cognition, 19(5), 507–513), or cause a shift to more analytic thinking, which benefits tasks requiring attention to detail (Schwarz & Clore, [1983]. Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45(3), 513–523). We previously reported (...)
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  32.  5
    Birth control information.Edith How-Martyn - 1931 - The Eugenics Review 22 (4):325.
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  33.  8
    John Owen on Thomas More.John R. C. Martyn - 1976 - Moreana 13 (2):73-77.
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  34.  38
    An empirical assessment of the short-term impacts of a reading of Deborah Zoe Laufer's drama Informed Consent on attitudes and intentions to participate in genetic research.Erin Rothwell, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Sydney Cheek-O'Donnell, Bob Wong, Gretchen A. Case, Erin Johnson, Trent Matheson, Alena Wilson, Nicole R. Robinson, Jared Rawlings, Brooke Horejsi, Ana Maria Lopez & Carrie L. Byington - 2018 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 9 (2):69-76.
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  35.  17
    Ideas of Europe during the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars.Martyn P. Thompson - 1994 - Journal of the History of Ideas 55 (1):37-58.
  36.  5
    Michael Oakeshott and the Cambridge school on the history of political thought.Martyn P. Thompson - 2019 - New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    This book is a critique of Cambridge School Historical Contextualism as the currently dominant mode of history of political thought, drawing upon Michael Oakeshott's analysis of the logic of historical enquiry.
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  37.  4
    9. Michael Oakeshott on the History of Political Thought.Martyn Thompson - 2012 - In Paul Franco & Leslie Marsh (eds.), A Companion to Michael Oakeshott. Penn State. pp. 197-216.
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  38.  6
    What is an ‘open society’? Bergson, Strauss, Popper, and Deleuze.Martyn Hammersley - forthcoming - History of European Ideas.
    This paper examines the different interpretations of the distinction between closed and open societies put forward by Henri Bergson, Leo Strauss, Karl Popper, and Gilles Deleuze. These vary both in the features attributed to the two kinds of society, especially to openness, and in the authors’ evaluations of what they describe. The similarities and differences between their views are documented in detail, and their significance considered.
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  39.  40
    The case of the disappearing dilemma: Herbert Blumer on sociological method.Martyn Hammersley - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (5):70-90.
    Herbert Blumer was a key figure in what came to be identified as the Chicago School of Sociology. He invented the term ‘symbolic interactionism’ as a label for a theoretical approach that derived primarily from the work of John Dewey, George Herbert Mead and Charles Cooley. But his most influential work was methodological in character, and he is generally viewed today as a prominent critic of positivism, and of the growing dominance of quantitative method within US sociology. While this picture (...)
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  40.  87
    The 'medical body' as philosophy's arena.Martyn Evans - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (1):17-32.
    Medicine, as Byron Good argues, reconstitutes thehuman body of our daily experience as a medical body,unfamiliar outside medicine. This reconstitution can be seen intwo ways: as a salutary reminder of the extent to which thereality even of the human body is constructed; and as anarena for what Stephen Toulmin distinguishes as theintersection of natural science and history, in which many ofphilosophy''s traditional questionsare given concrete and urgent form.This paper begins by examining a number of dualities between themedical body and the (...)
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  41.  24
    Demonstrating ‘respect for persons’ in clinical research: findings from qualitative interviews with diverse genomics research participants.Stephanie A. Kraft, Erin Rothwell, Seema K. Shah, Devan M. Duenas, Hannah Lewis, Kristin Muessig, Douglas J. Opel, Katrina A. B. Goddard & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):e8-e8.
    The ethical principle of ‘respect for persons’ in clinical research has traditionally focused on protecting individuals’ autonomy rights, but respect for participants also includes broader, although less well understood, ethical obligations to regard individuals’ rights, needs, interests and feelings. However, there is little empirical evidence about how to effectively convey respect to potential and current participants. To fill this gap, we conducted exploratory, qualitative interviews with participants in a clinical genomics implementation study. We interviewed 40 participants in English or Spanish (...)
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  42.  22
    Post mortem or post modern? Some reflections on British sociology of education.Martyn Hammersley - 1996 - British Journal of Educational Studies 44 (4):395-408.
    The current state of British sociology of education is reviewed; noting its decline, but suggesting that its influence has been dispersed throughout educational research in Britain. It is argued that its fate is not simply a product of external attack but also derives from internal problems. Against this background, it is suggested that postmodernism can be treated as a stimulus for a fundamental reconsideration of the proper nature and role of academic research on education.
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  43.  9
    Education, work and identity.Martyn Walker - 2014 - British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (3):364-366.
  44.  57
    Philosophy's contribution to social science research on education.Martyn Hammersley - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (2):273–286.
    This article offers a Weberian perspective on philosophy's relationship to social science research in education. Two key areas where it can make an important contribution are discussed: methodology, and the clarification of value principles that necessarily frame inquiries. In relation to both areas, it is claimed that some researchers underestimate philosophy's contribution, while others exaggerate it. Thus, in methodological work, there are those who effectively suppress philosophical issues, producing ‘methodology-as-technique’; at the same time, others generate ‘methodology-as-philosophy’, often denying the possibility (...)
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  45.  61
    Should social science be critical?Martyn Hammersley - 2005 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (2):175-195.
    has become an honorific title used by researchers to commend their work, or the particular approach they adopt. Conversely, the work of others is often dismissed on the grounds that it is "uncritical". However, there are important questions about what the term critical means, about what we should be critical of, and about the form that criticism ought to take. These questions are addressed here in relation to both the role of the social researcher itself and that of researchers operating (...)
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  46. La dyade aidant-aidé : quand l’'ge et le sexe font obstacle au pouvoir d’agir'.Martyne-Isabel Rapin Forest - 2008 - Éthique Publique 10 (2).
    Qu’elle soit ingrate ou réussie, la vieillesse soulève des questions incontournables : celles de la mort et de la souffrance, de la responsabilité et de la vulnérabilité. Du silence et de la parole aussi. Être vulnérable, c’est être fragile, friable ; c’est avoir besoin de son prochain. La vulnérabilité est liée, notamment, à la maladie, au grand âge, à la dépendance ou au fardeau de l’aide. Or, les personnes aidées et aidantes sont surtout des femmes. Il y a les femmes (...)
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  47.  19
    Bioethics and the newspapers.Martyn Evans - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (2):164 – 180.
    Many bioethics questions are resistant to journalistic exploration on account of their inherently philosophical dimensions. Such dimensions are ill-suited to what we may term the internal goods (in MacIntyre's sense) of the newspapers and mass media generally, which constrain newspaper coverage to an abbreviated form of narrative that, whilst not in itself objectionable, is nonetheless inimical to the conduct of philosophical reflection. The internal goods of academic bioethics, by contrast, include attention to philosophical questions inherent in bioethical issues and value-enquiry. (...)
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  48.  6
    Medical Humanities Companion.Martyn Evans, Rolf Ahlzén, Pekka Louhiala & J. Jill Gordon (eds.) - 2008 - Radcliffe Publishing.
    Using fictionalized case studies this series follows four patients through the medical process, from onset through Diagnosis, Treatment and PrognosisVolume 1: Symptom. Examines the idea of 'symptom' as a route to understanding the structure of clinical practice -- Volume 2: Diagnosis. Explores the meaning of 'diagnosis' as a complex, culturally mediated interaction between individuals, scientific discoveries, social negotiation and historical change. -- Volume 3: Treatment. Considers the concept of treatment as an active process which produces an outcome, be it effective, (...)
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  49.  3
    The Human Side of Medicine.Martyn Evans - 1998
  50. A book life that began in the African desert.Martyn Goff - 2001 - Logos 12 (3):148-149.
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