Results for 'Martin O. Makinde'

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  1.  12
    Cross-Cultural Biotechnology: A Reader.Stella Gonzalez Arnal, Donald Chalmers, David Kum-Wah Chan, Margaret Coffey, Jo Ann T. Croom, Mylène Deschênes, Henrich Ganthaler, Yuri Gariev, Ryuichi Ida, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Martin O. Makinde, Anna C. Mastroianni, Katharine R. Meacham, Bushra Mirza, Michael J. Morgan, Dianne Nicol, Edward Reichman, Susan E. Wallace & Larissa P. Zhiganova (eds.) - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This book is a rich blend of analyses by leading experts from various cultures and disciplines. A compact introduction to a complex field, it illustrates biotechnology's profound impact upon the environment and society. Moreover, it underscores the vital relevance of cultural values. This book empowers readers to more critically assess biotechnology's value and effectiveness within both specific cultural and global contexts.
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  2.  6
    Naturalism's Philosophy of the Sacred: Justus Buchler, Karl Jaspers, and George Santayana.Martin O. Yalcin - 2013 - Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
  3.  49
    American Naturalism on Pantheism 1.Martin O. Yalcin - 2011 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 32 (2):156 - 179.
    American naturalists all agree that traditional theism, with its belief in a supernatural personal god who is absolutely transcendent to nature, is inconsistent with the view that nature is all that there is. Yet despite the rejection of the traditional God of theism, some naturalists have found pantheism, with its belief in a divinity thoroughly immanent to nature, congenial. Nonetheless, no philosophically rigorous and systematic juxtaposition of the metaphysical and ethical commitments of pantheism with those of naturalism has been undertaken. (...)
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  4.  38
    Pragmatism and the Reflective Life.Martin O. Yalcin - 2012 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 33 (3):281-284.
    In the brief autobiographical remarks found in the preface of Stuart Rosenbaum’s Pragmatism and the Reflective Life, we discover that Rosenbaum began his philosophical career in the tradition of analytic philosophy. It is precisely this background in the analytic tradition that gives weight to the powerful criticisms he levels against that tradition as he wends his way through his new-found love, American pragmatism. He informs us that American pragmatism has taught him to appreciate far more of human experience than is (...)
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  5.  15
    On argument acceptability change towards legal interpretation dynamics.Martín O. Moguillansky & Luciano H. Tamargo - 2020 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 29 (3):311-350.
    We propose a formal theory built upon an abstract argumentation framework for handling argumentation dynamics. To that end, we analyze the acceptability dynamics of arguments through the proposal of two different kinds of sets of arguments which are somehow responsible for the acceptability/rejection of a given argument. We develop a study of the consequences of breaking the construction of such sets towards the acceptance of an analyzed argument. This brings about the proposal of a novel change operation which allows to (...)
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  6.  5
    An introduction to metaphysics.Martin O. Vaske - 1963 - New York,: McGraw-Hill.
  7.  11
    An approach to temporalised legal revision through addition of literals.Martín O. Moguillansky, Diego C. Martinez, Luciano H. Tamargo & Antonino Rotolo - forthcoming - Artificial Intelligence and Law:1-46.
    As lawmakers produce norms, the underlying normative system is affected showing the intrinsic dynamism of law. Through undertaken actions of legal change, the normative system is continuously modified. In a usual legislative practice, the time for an enacted legal provision to be in force may differ from that of its inclusion to the legal system, or from that in which it produces legal effects. Even more, some provisions can produce effects retroactively in time. In this article we study a simulation (...)
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  8.  6
    Accounting for Intangibles, the Knowledge Economy and the Issue of Memory; Some insights from Philosophy of Bergson.Martin Mullins, Philip O’Regan, Stephen Kinsella & Kathleen Regan - 2013 - Philosophy of Management 12 (3):49-64.
    Value is increasingly found in human subjects and in particular within their minds. This places the individual at the centre of economic life and therefore the inner life of individual merits more attention. A key element of humanity is memory and it drives such phenomena as trust and goodwill, essential in modern business. Bergson’s philosophy examines the interaction of mind and matter and in this reflects the dualism of the knowledge economy. His work on memory offers important insights for those (...)
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  9. Invitation to Philosophy.Martin Hollis & Anthony O'hear - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (145):540-543.
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  10.  2
    God in Whitehead's Process Metaphysics.Martin O. Onwuegbusi - 2013 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 14 (2):247-262.
    Whitehead's process view of God has inspired many admirers and provoked many critics. This article does not only examine this view of God as generally opposed to traditional theism, but it also explains why a process God is for Whitehead a necessary requirement for the metaphysical nature of the actual world. After discussing God's necessary functions in the world, the paper assesses the significance of Whitehead's process conception of God through a comparison with the traditional theistic view of God.
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  11. Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us.Maiden Martin & O'Neill Paul - 2010
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  12.  25
    On Morphomic Defectiveness: Evidence from the Romance Languages of the Iberian Peninsula.Martin Maiden & Paul O'Neill - 2010 - In Defective Paradigms: Missing Forms and What They Tell Us. pp. 103.
    This chapter discusses the overall paradigmatic distribution of gaps in the Romance languages of the Iberian Peninsula. It revisits the Spanish data from a historical and comparative perspective, considering the closely related language, Portuguese. Ibero-Romance paradigm gaps are determined by the lexical rarity and the morphemic patterning. Paradigm gaps are also affected by ‘low speaker confidence’. This behaviour defines the avoidance of allomorphy even in the absence of reasonable grounds to expect the occurrence of allomorphy. Such behaviour is triggered by (...)
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  13.  11
    Rethinking Renoir, a reply to Michael Abecassis.O. Martin - 2004 - Film-Philosophy 8 (1).
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  14. The Call of the Disciple: The Bible on Following Christ.George Fischer, Martin Hasitschka & Matthew J. O'Connell - 1999
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  15. Building knowledge partnerships with ICT? : social and technological conditions of conviviality.Martin O'Connor - 2006 - In Ângela Guimarães Pereira, Sofia Guedes Vaz & Sylvia S. Tognetti (eds.), Interfaces between science and society. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf.
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  16.  16
    A Philosophy of Sacred Nature: Prospects for Ecstatic Naturalism.Robert S. Corrington, Sigridur Gudmarsdottir, Joseph M. Kramp, Wade A. Mitchell, Robert Cummings Neville, Jea Sophia Oh, Iljoon Park, Austin J. Roberts, Wesley J. Wildman, Guy Woodward & Martin O. Yalcin (eds.) - 2014 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    This book introduces Robert Corrington’s “ecstatic naturalism,” a new perspective in understanding “sacred” nature and naturalism, and explores what can be done with this philosophical thought. This is an excellent resource for scholars of Continental philosophy, philosophy of religion, and American pragmatism.
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  17. An Unblinkered View of Best Interests.Wayne Martin, Fabian Freyenhagen, Elizabeth Hall, Tom O’Shea, Antal Szerletics & Vivienne Ashley - 2012 - British Medical Journal 1 (345):1-3.
    Wayne Martin and colleagues argue that decisions about patients’ best interests must sometimes take into account the interests of others Doctors often find themselves in circumstances where they must make decisions on behalf of an incapacitated patient. As a matter of both ethics and law, such decisions must be taken in the best interests of the patient, but uncertainty remains about what is meant by best interests, especially in relation to the interests of others. Should the interests of others (...)
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  18. Mental Logic.Martin D. S. Braine & David P. O'brien - 2001 - Studia Logica 68 (2):297-299.
  19.  35
    A theory of if: A lexical entry, reasoning program, and pragmatic principles.Martin D. Braine & David P. O'Brien - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (2):182-203.
  20.  33
    Work, Justice, and Collective Capital Institutions: Revisiting Rudolf Meidner and the Case for Wage‐Earner Funds.Markus Furendal & Martin O'Neill - 2024 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 41 (2):306-329.
    This article makes the case for a specific variety of what we call Collective Capital Institutions (CCIs), by returning to the idea of Wage-Earner Funds (WEFs) – a 1970s Swedish policy proposal designed gradually to shift ownership and control over parts of the economy to democratically controlled institutions. We identify two attractive rationales in favour of such a scheme and argue that both can fruitfully be transposed to the current worldwide economic situation. The egalitarian rationale is that WEFs could help (...)
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  21.  86
    Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond.Martin O'Neill & Thad Williamson (eds.) - 2012 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    A collection of original essays that represent the first extended treatment of political philosopher John Rawls' idea of a property-owning democracy.
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  22.  45
    Predicting intermediate and multiple conclusions in propositional logic inference problems: Further evidence for a mental logic.Martin D. S. Braine, David P. O'Brien, Ira A. Noveck, Mark C. Samuels, R. Brooke Lea, Shalom M. Fisch & Yingrui Yang - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 124 (3):263.
  23. Personhood, autonomy and informed conset.Martin Ajei & Nancy O. Myles - 2019 - In Yaw A. Frimpong-Mansoh & Caesar A. Atuire (eds.), Bioethics in Africa: theories and praxis. Wilmington, Delaware: Vernon Press.
     
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  24.  19
    Mathematical Analysis of an Industrial HIV/AIDS Model that Incorporates Carefree Attitude Towards Sex.Baba Seidu, O. D. Makinde & Christopher S. Bornaa - 2021 - Acta Biotheoretica 69 (3):257-276.
    A nonlinear differential equation model is proposed to study the dynamics of HIV/AIDS and its effects on workforce productivity. The disease-free equilibrium point of the model is shown to be locally asymptotically stable when the associated basic reproduction number $$\mathcal{{R}}_{0}$$ is less than unity. The model is also shown to exhibit multiple endemic states for some parameter values when $$\mathcal{{R}}_{0} 1$$. Global asymptotic stability of the disease-free equilibrium is guaranteed only when the fractions of the Susceptible subclass populations are within (...)
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  25. What should egalitarians believe?Martin O'neill - 2008 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 36 (2):119-156.
  26.  17
    Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond.Martin O'Neill & Thad Williamson (eds.) - 2012 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond features a collection of original essays that represent the first extended treatment of political philosopher John Rawls' idea of a property-owning democracy. Offers new and essential insights into Rawls's idea of "property-owning democracy" Addresses the proposed political and economic institutions and policies which Rawls's theory would require Considers radical alternatives to existing forms of capitalism Provides a major contribution to debates among progressive policymakers and activists about the programmatic direction progressive politics should take in the (...)
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  27.  34
    Pheromone traps to suppress populations of the smaller European elm bark beetle.Martin C. Birch, Richard W. Bushing, Timothy D. Paine, Stephen L. Clement, P. Dean Smith, Albert O. Paulus, Jerry Nelson, Otis Harvey, F. Shibuya & Y. Paul Puri - 1977 - In Vincent Stuart (ed.), Order. [New York]: Random House.
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  28. Three Rawlsian Routes towards Economic Democracy.Martin O'Neill - 2008 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 9 (1):29-55.
    This paper addresses ways of arguing fors ome form of economic democracy from within a broadly Rawlsian framework. Firstly, one can argue that a right to participate in economic decision-making should be added to the Rawlsian list of basic liberties, protected by the first principle of justice. Secondly,I argue that a society which institutes forms of economic democracy will be more likely to preserve a stable and just basic structure over time, by virtue of the effects of economic democratization on (...)
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  29.  77
    Survey Article: Philosophy and Public Policy after Piketty.Martin O'Neill - 2017 - Journal of Political Philosophy 25 (3):343-375.
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  30. .coordenação de Arnaldo de Pinho E. António Martins da Costa - 2008 - In Sampaio Bruno (ed.), Dispersos. Lisboa: Imprensa Nacional-Casa da Moeda.
     
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  31.  30
    Free (and Fair) Markets without Capitalism.Martin O'neill - 2012-02-17 - In Martin O'Neill & Thad Williamson (eds.), Property‐Owning Democracy. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 75–100.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction: Rawls Against Capitalism Rawls's Critique of “Welfare State Capitalism” Rawls (and Meade) on the Aims and Features of “Property‐Owning Democracy” Putting the Democracy into Property‐Owning Democracy: POD and the Fair Value of the Political Liberties Power, Opportunity, and Control of Capital: POD and Fair Equality of Opportunity Power, Status, and Self‐Respect: POD, the Difference Principle, and the Value of Equality Welfare State Capitalism and Property‐Owning Democracy: Ideal Types, Public Policy, and Real Politics Conclusion ‐ (...)
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  32. Liberty, equality and property-owning democracy.Martin O'Neill - 2009 - Journal of Social Philosophy 40 (3):379-396.
  33. Priority, Preference and Value.Martin O'neill - 2012 - Utilitas 24 (3):332-348.
    This article seeks to defend prioritarianism against a pair of challenges from Michael Otsuka and Alex Voorhoeve. Otsuka and Voorhoeve first argue that prioritarianism makes implausible recommendations in one-person cases under conditions of risk, as it fails to allow that it is reasonable to act to maximize expected utility, rather than expected weighted benefits, in such cases. I show that, in response, prioritarians can either reject Otsuka and Voorhoeve's claim, by means of appealing to a distinction between personal and impersonal (...)
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  34.  35
    Social Justice and Economic Systems.Martin O’Neill - 2020 - Philosophical Topics 48 (2):159-201.
    This essay is concerned with the question of what kind of economic system would be needed in order to realize Rawls’s principles of social justice. Hitherto, debates about ‘property-owning democracy’ and ‘liberal socialism’ have been overly schematic, in various respects, and have therefore missed some of the most important issues regarding the relationships between social justice and economic institutions and systems. What is at stake between broadly capitalist or socialist economic systems is not in fact a simple choice in a (...)
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  35. Free (and Fair) Markets without Capitalism: Political Values, Principles of Justice, and Property-Owning Democracy.Martin O'Neill - 2012 - In Martin O'Neill & Thad Williamson (eds.), Property-Owning Democracy: Rawls and Beyond. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 75-100.
     
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  36.  22
    Power, Predistribution, and Social Justice.Martin O'Neill - 2020 - Philosophy 95 (1):63-91.
    The idea of predistribution has the potential to offer a valuable and distinctive approach to political philosophers, political scientists, and economists, in thinking about social justice and the creation of more egalitarian economies. It is also an idea that has drawn the interest of politicians of the left and centre-left, promising an alternative to traditional forms of social democracy. But the idea of predistribution is not well understood, and stands in need of elucidation. This article explores ways of drawing the (...)
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  37. The Facts of Inequality.Martin O'Neill - 2010 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (3):397-409.
    This review essay looks at two important recent books on the empirical social science of inequality, Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett's The Spirit Level and John Hills et al .'s Towards a More Equal Society? , situating these books against the important work of Michael Marmot on epidemiology and health inequalities. I argue that political philosophy can gain a great deal from careful engagement with empirical research on the nature and consequences of inequality, especially in regard to empirical work on (...)
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  38.  39
    Justice, Power, and Participatory Socialism: on Piketty’s Capital and Ideology.Martin O’Neill - 2021 - Analyse & Kritik 43 (1):89-124.
    Thomas Piketty’s Capital and Ideology constitutes a landmark achievement in furthering our understanding of the history of inequality, and presents valuable proposals for constructing a future economic system that would allow us to transcend and move beyond contemporary forms of capitalism. This article discusses Piketty’s conceptions of ideology, property, and ‘inequality regimes’, and analyses his approach to social justice and its relation to the work of John Rawls. I examine how Piketty’s proposals for ‘participatory socialism’ would function not only to (...)
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  39. The Promise of Predistribution.Martin O'Neill - 2012 - Policy Network - Predistribution and the Crisis in Living Standards.
    If pursued with serious intent, Pre-distribution has the capacity to create an exciting and radical new agenda for social democracy. But the politics of Pre-distribution cannot be innocuous or uncontroversial. -/- In its more radical forms, predistribution is a potentially radical and inspiring project for social democrats who have come to see the limitations of the old ways of doing things. It’s a project that promises a strategy to deliver abundantly on values of social justice, economic freedom, and equality of (...)
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  40.  50
    Radical Democratic Inclusion: Why We Should Lower the Voting Age to 12.Martin O'Neill - 2022 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 91:185-212.
    Democratic societies such as the United Kingdom have come to fail their young citizens, often sacrificing their interests in a political process that gives much greater weight to the preferences and interests of older citizens. Against this background of intergenerational injustice, this article presents the case for a shift in the political system in the direction of radical democratic inclusion of younger citizens, through reducing the voting age to 12. This change in the voting age can be justified directly, with (...)
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  41.  21
    Propositional reasoning by mental models? Simple to refute in principle and in practice.David P. O'Brien, Martin D. S. Braine & Yingrui Yang - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (4):711-724.
  42. Entreprises et conventionnalisme: régulation, impôt et justice sociale.Martin O'Neill - 2009 - Raison Publique.
    The focus of this article is on the place of the limited-liability joint stock corporation in a satisfactory account of social justice and, more specifically, the question of how such corporations should be regulated and taxed in order to secure social justice. -/- Most discussion in liberal political philosophy looks at state institutions, on the one hand, and individuals, on the other hand, without giving much attention to intermediate institutions such as corporations. This is in part a consequence of a (...)
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  43.  17
    The Measurement of Emotional Intelligence: A Critical Review of the Literature and Recommendations for Researchers and Practitioners.Peter J. O'Connor, Andrew Hill, Maria Kaya & Brett Martin - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  44.  21
    Getting to the bottom of things: The value of evolutionary approaches in discerning the origin of psychopathology.O. Jiaqing & Martin Brüne - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
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  45.  18
    Suggestion for unifying two types of quantized redshift of astronomical bodies.Martin Kokus & A. O. Barut - 1993 - Apeiron: Studies in Infinite Nature 16:11-13.
  46.  3
    Cybersecurity trends in Cooperative, Connected and Automated Mobility.O. Castillo Campo, V. Gayoso Martínez, L. Hernández Encinas, A. Martín Muñoz & R. Álvarez Fernández - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    Cooperative, connected and automated mobility technologies have the potential to revolutionize transportation systems and enhance safety, efficiency and sustainability. However, the increasing reliance on digital technologies also introduces new cybersecurity risks that can compromise the safety and privacy of passengers and the integrity of transportation systems. The purpose of this article is to examine the most important threats, vulnerabilities, risks and challenges related to automated mobility and to review the status of the most promising standardization initiatives on cryptography in a (...)
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  47.  95
    Genetic Information, Life Insurance, and Social Justice.Martin O’Neill - 2006 - The Monist 89 (4):567-592.
  48.  16
    Genetic information, social justice, and risk-sharing institutions.Martin O'Neill - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (7):482-483.
    Under conditions with a low level of available genetic information, mutualistic private insurance markets will often create broadly just outcomes, even if by accident rather than by design. Normatively acceptable outcomes of this kind would come under threat if insurers were to have increased access to genetic information with substantial predictive content.1 As the availability of relevant individual genetic information grows, mutualistic forms of market-based insurance face a dilemma between either sacrificing individuals’ interests in genetic privacy, or creating conditions for (...)
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  49.  10
    ‘I Just Stopped Going’: A Mixed Methods Investigation Into Types of Therapy Dropout in Adolescents With Depression.Sally O’Keeffe, Peter Martin, Mary Target & Nick Midgley - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    What does it mean to ‘drop out’ of therapy? Many definitions of ‘dropout’ have been proposed, but the most widely accepted is the client ending treatment without agreement of their therapist. However, this is in some ways an external criterion that does not take into account the client’s experience of therapy, or reasons for ending it prematurely. This study aimed to identify whether there were more meaningful categories of dropout than the existing dropout definition, and to test whether this refined (...)
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  50. Property-Owning Democracy and the Demands of Justice.Martin O'Neill & Thad Williamson - 2009 - Living Reviews in Democracy 1:1-10.
    John Rawls is arguably the most important political philosopher of the past century. His theory of justice has set the agenda for debate in mainstream political philosophy for the past forty years, and has had an important influence in economics, law, sociology, and other disciplines. However, despite the importance and popularity of Rawls's work, there is no clear picture of what a society that met Rawls's principles of justice would actually look like. This article sets out to explore that question.
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