Results for 'Martin K. Purvis'

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  1.  33
    Agent-based community coordination of local energy distribution.Muhammad Yasir, Martin K. Purvis, Maryam Purvis & Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (3):379-391.
  2.  36
    Identifying prohibition norms in agent societies.Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu, Stephen Cranefield, Maryam A. Purvis & Martin K. Purvis - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 21 (1):1 - 46.
    In normative multi-agent systems, the question of “how an agent identifies norms in an open agent society” has not received much attention. This paper aims at addressing this question. To this end, this paper proposes an architecture for norm identification for an agent. The architecture is based on observation of interactions between agents. This architecture enables an autonomous agent to identify prohibition norms in a society using the prohibition norm identification (PNI) algorithm. The PNI algorithm uses association rule mining, a (...)
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  3.  66
    Weak necessity and truth theories.Martin K. Davies - 1978 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 7 (1):415 - 439.
  4. Echoes of Milton, Donné, and Carlyle in'Civil Disobedience,'.Martin K. Doudna - 1980 - Thoreau Journal Quarterly 12:5-7.
  5.  64
    External Validity and Libraries of Phenomena: A Critique of Guala's Methodology of Experimental Economics.Martin K. Jones - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (3):247-271.
    Francesco Guala has developed some novel and radical ideas on the problem of external validity, a topic that has not received much attention in the experimental economics literature. In this paper I argue that his views on external validity are not justified and the conclusions which he draws from these views, if widely adopted, could substantially undermine the experimental economics enterprise. In rejecting the justification of these views, the paper reaffirms the importance of experiments in economics.
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  6.  34
    Relativized Gödel speed‐up and the degree of succinctness of representations.Martin K. Solomon - 1990 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 36 (3):185-192.
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  7.  9
    Relativized Gödel speed-up and the degree of succinctness of representations.Martin K. Solomon - 1990 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 36 (3):185-192.
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  8.  45
    Some results on measure independent gödel speed-ups.Martin K. Solomon - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (4):667-672.
    We study the measure independent character of Godel speed-up theorems. In particular, we strengthen Arbib's necessary condition for the occurrence of a Godel speed-up [2, p. 13] to an equivalence result and generalize Di Paola's speed-up theorem [4]. We also characterize undecidable theories as precisely those theories which possess consistent measure independent Godel speed-ups and show that a theory τ 2 is a measure independent Godel speed-up of a theory τ 1 if and only if the set of undecidable sentences (...)
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  9.  23
    What to do with a problem like Duhem-Quine?Martin K. Jones - 2012 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 13 (1):79-102.
    Résumé Le problème de Duhem-Quine a été considéré comme un problème majeur de la philosophie des sciences et a donné lieu au déploiement de nombreux efforts pour tenter de le circonvenir ou d’affaiblir ses implications. Plus récemment, le problème est devenu une question majeure au sein de la méthodologie de l’économie expérimentale. Dans cet article, l’auteur soutient que la plupart de ces discussions soit sacrifient trop du pouvoir explicatif de la science, soit ne réussissent pas à traiter proprement du problème. (...)
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  10. Food remains, food webs and ecosystems.Martin K. Jones - 1992 - In Jones Martin K. (ed.), New Developments in Archaeological Science. pp. 209-219.
     
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  11. New Developments in Archaeological Science.K. Jones Martin - 1992
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  12. Local excitatory circuits in area 17 of the cat.K. A. C. Martin & P. Somogyi - 1985 - In David Rose & Vernon G. Dobson (eds.), Models of the Visual Cortex. New York: Wiley.
     
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  13. Piaget, Dewey, and Complexity.K. Martin, D. J. Simpson & J. Gallagher - 1998 - Journal of Thought 33:75-82.
     
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  14.  23
    A Connection Between Blum Speedable Sets and Gödel's Speed-Up Theorem.Martin K. Solomon - 1987 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 33 (5):417-421.
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  15.  17
    Measure independent Gödel speed‐ups and the relative difficulty of recognizing sets.Martin K. Solomon - 1993 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):384-392.
    We provide and interpret a new measure independent characterization of the Gödel speed-up phenomenon. In particular, we prove a theorem that demonstrates the indifference of the concept of a measure independent Gödel speed-up to an apparent weakening of its definition that is obtained by requiring only those measures appearing in some fixed Blum complexity measure to participate in the speed-up, and by deleting the “for all r” condition from the definition so as to relax the required amount of speed-up. We (...)
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  16. Educational Reform: A Complex Matter.S. Reynolds & K. Martin - 1997 - Journal of Thought 32:77-86.
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  17. The role of inhibitory interneurons in the function of area 17.P. Somogyi & K. A. C. Martin - 1985 - In David Rose & Vernon G. Dobson (eds.), Models of the Visual Cortex. New York: Wiley.
  18.  19
    Attitude similarity and attraction: The effects of the bogus pipeline.Richard A. Page & Martin K. Moss - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (1):63-65.
  19. Cortical circuitry underlying inhibitory processes in cat area 17.Peter Somogyi & K. A. C. Martin - 1985 - In David Rose & Vernon G. Dobson (eds.), Models of the Visual Cortex. New York: Wiley.
     
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  20.  82
    Abstract complexity theory and the mind-machine problem.Albert E. Lyngzeidetson & Martin K. Solomon - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):549-54.
    In this paper we interpret a characterization of the Gödel speed-up phenomenon as providing support for the ‘Nagel-Newman thesis’ that human theorem recognizers differ from mechanical theorem recognizers in that the former do not seem to be limited by Gödel's incompleteness theorems whereas the latter do seem to be thus limited. However, we also maintain that (currently non-existent) programs which are open systems in that they continuously interact with, and are thus inseparable from, their environment, are not covered by the (...)
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  21.  6
    The Effect of Supersonic Transports on the Global Environment: A Debate Revisited.Martin Purvis & Frances Drake - 2001 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 26 (4):501-528.
    Initial moves to develop a new generation of commercial supersonic transports to succeed Concorde are already under way. Aircraft manufacturers promise a plane that will withstand both economic and environmental scrutiny. Yet, the crash of an Air France Concorde at Paris in July 2000 has caused further doubts about the viability of SSTs. This study revisits the previous debate surrounding Concorde to explore the potential for current initiatives to overcome the public’s anxiety of further environmental degradation. This article seeks, therefore, (...)
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  22.  10
    Applying a Foucauldian lens to the Canadian code of ethics for registered nurses as a discursive mechanism for nurses professional identity.Janet K. Purvis - 2023 - Nursing Inquiry 30 (2):e12536.
    This study examines the Canadian Code of Ethics for Registered Nurses as a discursive mechanism for shaping nurses' professional identity using a Foucauldian lens. Nurses are considered essential in healthcare, yet the nursing profession has struggled to be recognized for its discipline‐specific knowledge and expertise and, as such, has remained the subject of and subject to the dominant discourses within healthcare and society generally. Developing a professional identity in nursing begins after the necessary education and training are achieved and embodies (...)
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  23.  49
    Ethics and Religion: An Empirical Test of a Multidimensional Model.K. Praveen Parboteeah, Martin Hoegl & John B. Cullen - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):387-398.
    Although it seems that ethics and religion should be related, past research suggests mixed conclusions on the relationship. We argue that such mixed results are mostly due to methodological and conceptual limitations. We develop hypotheses linking Cornwall et al.’s (1986, Review of Religious Research, 27(3): 266–244) religious components to individuals’ willingness to justify ethically suspect behaviors. Using data on 63,087 individuals from 44 countries, we find support for three hypotheses: the cognitive, one affective, and the behavioral component of religion are (...)
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  24. Animal Research that Respects Animal Rights: Extending Requirements for Research with Humans to Animals.Angela K. Martin - 2022 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 31 (1):59-72.
    The purpose of this article is to show that animal rights are not necessarily at odds with the use of animals for research. If animals hold basic moral rights similar to those of humans, then we should consequently extend the ethical requirements guiding research with humans to research with animals. The article spells out how this can be done in practice by applying the seven requirements for ethical research with humans proposed by Ezekiel Emanuel, David Wendler and Christine Grady to (...)
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  25.  44
    Gossip-Based Self-Organising Agent Societies and the Impact of False Gossip.Sharmila Savarimuthu, Maryam Purvis, Martin Purvis & Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (4):419-441.
    The objective of this work is to demonstrate how cooperative sharers and uncooperative free riders can be placed in different groups of an electronic society in a decentralised manner. We have simulated an agent-based open and decentralised P2P system which self-organises itself into different groups to avoid cooperative sharers being exploited by uncooperative free riders. This approach encourages sharers to move to better groups and restricts free riders into those groups of sharers without needing centralised control. Our approach is suitable (...)
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  26.  22
    An agent-based simulation for restricting exploitation in electronic societies through social mechanisms.Sharmila Savarimuthu, Maryam Purvis, Martin Purvis & Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu - 2015 - AI and Society 30 (3):345-358.
  27.  15
    Medicine and Moral Reasoning.K. W. M. Fulford, Grant Gillett & Janet Martin Soskice (eds.) - 1994 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This collection examines prevalent assumptions in moral reasoning which are often accepted uncritically in medical ethics. It introduces a range of perspectives from philosophy and medicine on the nature of moral reasoning and relates these to illustrative problems, such as New Reproductive Technologies, the treatment of sick children, the assessment of quality of life, genetics, involuntary psychiatric treatment and abortion. In each case, the contributors address the nature and worth of the moral theories involved in discussions of the relevant issues, (...)
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  28.  12
    Accounting for variation in and overuse of antibiotics among humans.Martin J. Blaser, Melissa K. Melby, Margaret Lock & Mark Nichter - 2021 - Bioessays 43 (2):2000163.
    Worldwide, antibiotic use is increasing, but many infections against which antibiotics are applied are not even caused by bacteria. Over‐the‐counter and internet sales preclude physician oversight. Regional differences, between and within countries highlight many potential factors influencing antibiotic use. Taking a systems perspective that considers pharmaceutical commodity chains, we examine antibiotic overuse from the vantage point of both sides of the therapeutic relationship. We examine patterns and expectations of practitioners and patients, institutional policies and pressures, the business strategies of pharmaceutical (...)
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  29.  50
    Resolving the Conflict: Clarifying ‘Vulnerability’ in Health Care Ethics.Angela K. Martin, Nicolas Tavaglione & Samia Hurst - 2014 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 24 (1):51-72.
    Vulnerability has been extensively discussed in medical research, but less so in health care. Thus, who the vulnerable in this domain are still remains an open question. One difficulty in their identification is due to the general criticism that vulnerability is not a property of only some, but rather of everyone. By presenting a philosophical analysis of the conditions of vulnerability ascription, we show that these seemingly irreconcilable understandings of vulnerability are not contradictory. Rather, they are interdependent: they refer to (...)
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  30.  53
    Digital Contact Tracing, Privacy, and Public Health.Nicole Martinez-Martin, Sarah Wieten, David Magnus & Mildred K. Cho - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (3):43-46.
    Digital contact tracing, in combination with widespread testing, has been a focal point for many plans to “reopen” economies while containing the spread of Covid‐19. Most digital contact tracing projects in the United States and Europe have prioritized privacy protections in the form of local storage of data on smartphones and the deidentification of information. However, in the prioritization of privacy in this narrow form, there is not sufficient attention given to weighing ethical trade‐offs within the context of a public (...)
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  31.  52
    Animal Vulnerability and its Ethical Implications: An Exploration.Angela K. Martin - 2019 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 38 (2):196-216.
    While human vulnerability has been discussed for some time in the contemporary philosophy and bioethics literature, animal vulnerability has received less attention. In this article, I investigate whether the concept of vulnerability, as it is currently used in bioethics, can be meaningfully extended to animals. Furthermore, I discuss the ethical implications of ascribing vulnerability to animals and I show what vulnerability discourse can add to debates on animal ethics. In a first step, I analyse the conditions of vulnerability ascription. By (...)
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  32.  72
    Solution to the P − W problem.E. P. Martin & R. K. Meyer - 1982 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (4):869-887.
  33.  21
    Bridging the AI Chasm: Can EBM Address Representation and Fairness in Clinical Machine Learning?Nicole Martinez-Martin & Mildred K. Cho - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (5):30-32.
    McCradden et al. propose to close the “AI chasm” between algorithms and clinically meaningful application using the norms of evidence-based medicine and clinical research, with the rat...
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  34.  21
    Trustworthiness as information: Satisfying the understanding condition of valid consent.Robert K. Martin - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (5):478-488.
    Within medical ethics, there is widespread agreement that morally valid consent includes an understanding condition. Disagreement centers on what is meant by that understanding condition. Tom Dougherty proposed that this understanding condition should be divided into the two mutually exclusive categories of descriptive information and contextual information. Further, Dougherty argues that each type of information is necessary to satisfy the understanding condition. In contrast, I argue that when the deontic aspect of valid consent is in view, each type of information (...)
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  35.  84
    On Respecting Animals, or Can Animals be Wronged Without Being Harmed?Angela K. Martin - 2019 - Res Publica 25 (1):83-99.
    There is broad agreement that humans can be wronged independently of their incurring any harm, that is, when their welfare is not affected. Examples include unnoticed infringements of privacy, ridiculing unaware individuals, or disregarding individuals’ autonomous decision-making in their best interest. However, it is less clear whether the same is true of animals—that is, whether moral agents can wrong animals in situations that do not involve any harm to the animals concerned. In order to answer this question, I concentrate on (...)
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  36.  62
    An evolutionary theory of pain must consider sex differences.Martin Voracek & Todd K. Shackelford - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):474-475.
    According to Williams, human facially expressed pain, and its perception by conspecifics, is generated by evolved mechanisms. We argue that a key variable – sex (male, female) – needs to be considered for a complete theory of pain expression and perception. To illustrate, we cite findings on sex differences in pain and pain perception, and in crying and crying responsiveness.
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  37.  75
    The meaning of fictional names.Robert M. Martin & Peter K. Schotch - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 26 (5-6):377 - 388.
  38. The Next Hundred Years.K. W. M. Fulford, George Graham, Giovanni Stanghellini, Tim Thornton, John Z. Sadler, Richard G. T. Gipps & Martin Davies - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Martin Davies, Richard Gipps, George Graham, John Sadler, Giovanni Stanghellini & Tim Thornton (eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy and psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This chapter introduces the edited volume, The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Published in 2013, the centenary of Karl Jaspers' General Psychopathology, the chapter draws lessons from the last hundred years for the coming century. No predictions are made. Instead, five 'conditions for flourishing' are set out: 1) Particular Problems - the importance of focussing on well-defined particular problems rather than general theory building, 2) Product- orientation - remaining always responsibly product oriented in the specific sense that both sides (...)
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  39. The Oxford handbook of philosophy and psychiatry.K. W. M. Fulford, Martin Davies, Richard Gipps, George Graham, John Sadler, Giovanni Stanghellini & Tim Thornton (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophy has much to offer psychiatry, not least regarding ethical issues, but also issues regarding the mind, identity, values, and volition. This has become only more important as we have witnessed the growth and power of the pharmaceutical industry, accompanied by developments in the neurosciences. However, too few practising psychiatrists are familiar with the literature in this area. -/- The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry offers the most comprehensive reference resource for this area ever published. It assembles challenging and (...)
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  40.  86
    Against Experimental Metaphysics.Martin R. Jones & Robert K. Clifton - 1993 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):295-316.
  41.  24
    Rationality in thought and action.Martin Tamny & K. D. Irani (eds.) - 1986 - New York: Greenwood Press.
    This collection of original essays examines the controversy over and attacks on rationality in the methodologies of the humanities and the physical and social sciences. These essays represent the thinking of a wide variety of philosophers, psychologists, historians, classicists, and economists about the role of rationality in thought and action. Reflecting the differing perspectives of their authors' disciplines, as well as the centrality of rationality to those disciplines, they are important additions to a debate that has been going on for (...)
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  42. Meeting of the association for symbolic logic: Washington, D. C., 1985.Martin Davis, Edgar E. K. Lopez-Escobar & Wilfred Sieg - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (4):1085-1092.
  43.  35
    Epistemic Rights and Responsibilities of Digital Simulacra for Biomedicine.Mildred K. Cho & Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (9):43-54.
    Big data and artificial intelligence (“AI”) promise to transform virtually all aspects of biomedical research and health care (Matheny et al. 2019), through facilitation of drug development, diagno...
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  44.  11
    Attachment, Neurobiology, and Mentalizing along the Psychosis Continuum.Martin Debbané, George Salaminios, Patrick Luyten, Deborah Badoud, Marco Armando, Alessandra Solida Tozzi, Peter Fonagy & Benjamin K. Brent - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  45. Decision-making under non-ideal circumstances: Establishing triage protocols for animal shelters.Angela K. Martin - 2023 - In Valéry Giroux, Angie Pepper & Kristin Voigt (eds.), The Ethics of Animal Shelters. New York, US: Oxford University Press.
    In this chapter, it is argued that some animal shelters fulfill the conditions that make triage protocols necessary, namely, the operation with limited financial budgets, space, medical resources, and staff. It is suggested that requirements presented for triage in humans can be fruitfully applied to the context of animal shelters. The focus lies on the criteria of maximizing benefit, justice, medical criteria, life-span considerations, fair decision-making, patient will, re-evaluation of triage decisions and changes in the therapeutic goal, and burden of (...)
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  46.  18
    Ethical Emergency Planning in Animal Research Facilities: Lessons from the Pandemic.Angela K. Martin & Matthias Eggel - 2024 - Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research.
    In this article, we discuss the ethics of research suspensions in animal research facilities and the consequent (mis)treatment of laboratory animals during emergencies. Through a case study from Switzerland during the COVID-19 pandemic, we articulate ethical principles and moral considerations that ought to guide the treatment and care of laboratory animals within animal research facilities during emergencies. They include a principle of preparedness, the importance of recognizing animal laboratory personnel as essential workers and conducting a Harm-Benefit Analysis in the case (...)
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  47.  2
    Introduction.K. W. M. Fulford, George Graham, Giovanni Stanghellini, Tim Thornton, John Z. Sadler, Richard G. T. Gipps & Martin Davies - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Martin Davies, Richard Gipps, George Graham, John Sadler, Giovanni Stanghellini & Tim Thornton (eds.), The Oxford handbook of philosophy and psychiatry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This Section examines several moral dilemmas and epistemological aporias in clinical practice and shows how clinicians can benefit from the introduction of philosophical methods and discourse. The authors develop these issues having in mind emblematic mental disorders and typical clinical situations. One important claim shared by the Authors is that a great effort has been made to ground psychiatry on evidence-based science, and to tie it to our growing understanding of the human brain. This is obviously an exceedingly important project, (...)
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  48.  53
    Criteria for determining the appropriate method for an ethics consultation.Martin L. Smith, Annette K. Bisanz, Ana J. Kempfer, Barbie Adams, Toya G. Candelari & Roxann K. Blackburn - 2004 - HEC Forum 16 (2):95-113.
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  49. Where’s the action? The pragmatic turn in cognitive science.Andreas K. Engel, Alexander Maye, Martin Kurthen & Peter König - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (5):202-209.
  50.  25
    The Moral Implications of Human and Animal Vulnerability.Angela K. Martin - 2023 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    In this open access book, Angela K. Martin thoroughly addresses what animal vulnerability is, how and why it matters from a moral point of view, and how it compares to human vulnerability. Vulnerability has been an important topic in bioethical discourse over the last forty years. Its predominant focus was on human vulnerability but recently, animal vulnerability has become a topic of philosophical investigation as well. She carefully explores both human and animal vulnerability, bringing out both their similarities and (...)
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