Results for 'Martin J. Fitzgerald'

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  1.  24
    Norming COVID-19: The Urgency of a Non-Humanist Holism.Jeffrey P. Bishop & Martin J. Fitzgerald - 2020 - Heythrop Journal.
  2.  22
    Dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortices Differentially Lateralize Prediction Errors and Outcome Valence in a Decision-Making Task.Alexander R. Weiss, Martin J. Gillies, Marios G. Philiastides, Matthew A. Apps, Miles A. Whittington, James J. FitzGerald, Sandra G. Boccard, Tipu Z. Aziz & Alexander L. Green - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  3. Toward a Mechanistic Psychology of Dialogue.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):169-190.
    Traditional mechanistic accounts of language processing derive almost entirely from the study of monologue. Yet, the most natural and basic form of language use is dialogue. As a result, these accounts may only offer limited theories of the mechanisms that underlie language processing in general. We propose a mechanistic account of dialogue, the interactive alignment account, and use it to derive a number of predictions about basic language processes. The account assumes that, in dialogue, the linguistic representations employed by the (...)
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  4. An Integrated Theory of Language Production and Comprehension.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):329-347.
    Currently, production and comprehension are regarded as quite distinct in accounts of language processing. In rejecting this dichotomy, we instead assert that producing and understanding are interwoven, and that this interweaving is what enables people to predict themselves and each other. We start by noting that production and comprehension are forms of action and action perception. We then consider the evidence for interweaving in action, action perception, and joint action, and explain such evidence in terms of prediction. Specifically, we assume (...)
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  5.  32
    The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Pierre Duhem, P. P. Wiener.Martin J. Klein - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (4):354-355.
  6.  76
    Do People Use Language Production to Make Predictions During Comprehension?Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):105-110.
  7.  99
    Getting Ahead: Forward Models and Their Place in Cognitive Architecture.Martin J. Pickering & Andy Clark - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (9):451-456.
    The use of forward models is well established in cognitive and computational neuroscience. We compare and contrast two recent, but interestingly divergent, accounts of the place of forward models in the human cognitive architecture. On the Auxiliary Forward Model account, forward models are special-purpose prediction mechanisms implemented by additional circuitry distinct from core mechanisms of perception and action. On the Integral Forward Model account, forward models lie at the heart of all forms of perception and action. We compare these neighbouring (...)
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  8.  4
    Mechanical Explanation at the End of the Nineteenth Century.Martin J. Klein - 1973 - Centaurus 17 (1):58-82.
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  9.  59
    The Emergence of a Visual Language for Geological Science 1760—1840.Martin J. S. Rudwick - 1976 - History of Science 14 (3):149-195.
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  10.  33
    Martin Antike Rhetorik: Technik und Methode. Munich: C. H. Beck. 1974. Pp. xii + 420. DM 118.S. Usher & J. Martin - 1976 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 96:197-198.
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  11.  39
    Forward Models and Their Implications for Production, Comprehension, and Dialogue.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):377-392.
    Our target article proposed that language production and comprehension are interwoven, with speakers making predictions of their own utterances and comprehenders making predictions of other people's utterances at different linguistic levels. Here, we respond to comments about such issues as cognitive architecture and its neural basis, learning and development, monitoring, the nature of forward models, communicative intentions, and dialogue.
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  12.  32
    Executive Compensation and Corporate Fraud in China.Martin J. Conyon & Lerong He - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):669-691.
    This study investigates the relation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud in China. We document a significantly negative correlation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud using data on publicly traded firms between 2005 and 2010. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that firms penalize CEOs for fraud by lowering their pay. We also find that CEO compensation is lower in firms that commit more severe frauds. Panel data fixed effects and propensity score methods are used to demonstrate these effects. (...)
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  13.  57
    Joint Action, Interactive Alignment, and Dialog.Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):292-304.
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  14.  13
    Martin J.S. Rudwick. The Great Devonian Controversy: The Shaping of Scientific Knowledge Among Gentlemanly Specialists. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1985. Pp. Xxxiii + 494. ISBN 0-226-73101-4. £36.75. [REVIEW]J. Morrell - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (1):88-89.
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  15.  75
    Adam Smith, Aristotle, and the Virtues of Commerce.Martin J. Calkins & Patricia H. Werhane - 1998 - Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (1):43-60.
  16.  14
    Self-, Other-, and Joint Monitoring Using Forward Models.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  17.  65
    Anthropic Reasoning.Martin J. Rees - 1997 - Complexity 3 (1):17-21.
  18.  1
    Quaestiones Circa Logicam.Michael J. Fitzgerald - 2010 - Peeters.
    Albert of Saxony was one of the great logicians of the Middle Ages, on a par with William Ockham and John Buridan. The Twenty-Five Disputed Questions on Logic treat of central issues in logic, both then and now, such as the nature of meaning, of universals, of truth, and of tense and modality; and the quality and quantity of propositions, the role of negation, and the relations of contradiction and equivalence between them. Dr. Fitzgerald has studied Albert's work extensively, (...)
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  19.  81
    The Smoking Penalty: Distributive Justice or Smokism?Martin J. Lecker - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S1):47 - 64.
    This study addresses whether businesses discriminate against employees who smoke, which for the purposes of this study is called smokism. It began with a description of the employers' costs which led to the development of these smoking bans and examined several company policies as a result of these costs. The viewpoints from several perspectives toward these policies and their perceptions about smokers were also reviewed. This was followed by surveying the corporate smoking policies of 76 companies representing 287 employees in (...)
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  20.  53
    Syntactic Co-Ordination in Dialogue.Holly P. Branigan, Martin J. Pickering & Alexandra A. Cleland - 2000 - Cognition 75 (2):B13-B25.
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  21. The Interactive-Alignment Model: Developments and Refinements.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):212-225.
    The interactive-alignment model of dialogue provides an account of dialogue at the level of explanation normally associated with cognitive psychology. We develop our claim that interlocutors align their mental models via priming at many levels of linguistic representation, explicate our notion of automaticity, defend the minimal role of “other modeling,” and discuss the relationship between monologue and dialogue. The account can be applied to social and developmental psychology, and would benefit from computational modeling.
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  22.  78
    Why is Conversation so Easy?Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):8-11.
  23. Michael J. Fitzgerald Albert of Saxony's Twenty-Five Disputed Questions on Logic.H. Wiedemann - 2004 - History and Philosophy of Logic 25:235-243.
     
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  24. Mind-Life Continuity: A Qualitative Study of Conscious Experience.Inês Hipólito & J. Martins - 2017 - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 131:432-444.
    There are two fundamental models to understanding the phenomenon of natural life. One is thecomputational model, which is based on the symbolic thinking paradigm. The other is the biologicalorganism model. The common difficulty attributed to these paradigms is that their reductive tools allowthe phenomenological aspects of experience to remain hidden behind yes/no responses (behavioraltests), or brain ‘pictures’ (neuroimaging). Hence, one of the problems regards how to overcome meth-odological difficulties towards a non-reductive investigation of conscious experience. It is our aim in (...)
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  25.  8
    Fearlessly Exploring the Other: The Role of Drama in Medical Training.K. S. Matharu, J. Howell & F. T. Fitzgerald - 2010 - Medical Humanities 36 (1):58-59.
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  26.  49
    The Future of Empirical Theology: J. A. MARTIN, JR.J. A. Martin - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (1):71-76.
  27.  38
    What Do We Study When We Study Religion?1: J. Arthur Martin.J. Arthur Martin - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (4):467-472.
    In ‘ The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy ’ Laurence Sterne writes: That of all the several ways of beginning a book which are now in practice throughout the known world, I am confident my own way of doing it is the best—I'm sure it is the most religious—for I begin with writing the first sentence—and trusting to Almighty God for the second.
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  28.  20
    Amy J. Fitzgerald, Animal Advocacy and Environmentalism: Understanding and Bridging the Divide.Erin McKenna - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (1):118-120.
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  29. Anscombe on Expression of Intention : An Exegesis.Richard Moran & Martin J. Stone - 2011 - In Anton Ford, Jennifer Hornsby & Frederick Stoutland (eds.), Essays on Anscombe's Intention. Harvard University Press.
     
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  30.  1
    Ethics in an Aging Society.Martin J. Gorbien - 1998 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (3):452.
  31.  8
    An Experimental Approach to Linguistic Representation.Holly P. Branigan & Martin J. Pickering - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    Within the cognitive sciences, most researchers assume that it is the job of linguists to investigate how language is represented, and that they do so largely by building theories based on explicit judgments about patterns of acceptability – whereas it is the task of psychologists to determine how language is processed, and that in doing so, they do not typically question the linguists' representational assumptions. We challenge this division of labor by arguing that structural priming provides an implicit method of (...)
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  32. Post-National Identity: Habermas, Kierkegaard and Havel.Martin J. Matustik - 1993 - Thesis Eleven 34 (1):89-103.
  33. Anscombe on Expression of Intention.Richard Moran & Martin J. Stone - 2009 - In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Of course in every act of this kind, there remains the possibility of putting this act into question – insofar as it refers to more distant, more essential ends.... For example the sentence which I write is the meaning of the letters I trace, but the whole work I wish to produce is the meaning of the sentence. And this work is a possibility in connection with which I can feel anguish; it is truly my possibility...tomorrow in relation to it (...)
     
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  34.  13
    Software Club: Software for Molecular Biology. III. General Analysis Programs Classified According to the Computer on Which They Run.Martin J. Bishop - 1984 - Bioessays 1 (3):126-129.
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  35.  37
    Is Necessity Necessary?: J. A. MARTIN.J. A. Martin - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (3):329-334.
    Q: If necessity is the mother of invention, whence necessity? A. : The matrix of necessity in God-talk is religious experience, philosophically interpreted. The interpreters, theists and non-thesists, have indeed been inventive.
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  36.  95
    Syntactic Alignment and Participant Role in Dialogue.Holly P. Branigan, Martin J. Pickering, Janet F. McLean & Alexandra A. Cleland - 2007 - Cognition 104 (2):163-197.
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  37.  20
    Structural Priming and the Representation of Language.Holly P. Branigan & Martin J. Pickering - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  38.  5
    Transfer of Route Learning From Virtual to Real Environments.Martin J. Farrell, Paul Arnold, Steve Pettifer, Jessica Adams, Tom Graham & Michael MacManamon - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (4):219.
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  39.  16
    Introduction.Martin J. Burke - 2012 - Journal of the History of Ideas 73 (1):69-69.
    An introduction is presented to a special section on scholar Quentin Skinner and his article "Meaning and Understanding in the History of Ideas".
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  40. Considering Transcendence: Elements of a Philosophical Theology.Martin J. De Nys - 2008 - Indiana University Press.
    What does it mean to have a distinctively religious orientation toward reality? Martin J. De Nys offers a philosophy of religion grounded within the phenomenological tradition as a way to understand religious life. Focusing on the key concepts of sacred transcendence, religious discourse, and radical self-transcendence, De Nys contends that a phenomenological view of religion allows considerable diversity in regard to the possibility of religious truth. Phenomenology also helps to account for the dizzying variety of religious expressions and religious (...)
     
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  41.  5
    Speakers' Use of Agency and Visual Context in Spatial Descriptions.Alessia Tosi, Martin J. Pickering & Holly P. Branigan - 2020 - Cognition 194:104070.
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  42.  1
    Re/Reading the Past: Critical and Functional Perspectives on Time and Value.J. R. Martin & Ruth Wodak - 2003 - John Benjamins Publishing.
    "Re/reading the Past "is concerned with the discourses of history, from the complementary perspectives of Critical Discourse Analysis and Systemic Functional Linguistics. The papers in the book stress the discursive construction of the past, focussing on the different social narratives which compete for official acknowledgement. Issues of collective and cultural memory are addressed, reflecting the "linguistic turn" in the Social Sciences. The book covers a range of discourses, interpreting texts from popular culture to academic discourse including the construction and evaluation (...)
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  43.  19
    The Use of Content and Timing to Predict Turn Transitions.Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  44.  95
    Order, Organisation and Entropy.Martin J. Klein - 1953 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (14):158-160.
  45.  7
    Reading Science: Critical and Functional Perspectives on Discourses of Science.J. R. Martin & Robert Veel (eds.) - 1998 - Routledge.
    _Reading Science_ looks at the distinctive language of science and technology and the role it plays in building up scientific understandings of the world. It brings together discourse analysis and critical theory for the first time in a single volume. This edited collection examines science discourse from a number of perspectives, drawing on new rhetoric, functional linguistics and critical theory. It explores this language in research and industrial contexts as well as in educational settings and in popular science writing and (...)
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  46.  49
    The Rights of Man and Animal Experimentation.J. Martin - 1990 - Journal of Medical Ethics 16 (3):160-161.
    Since emotions give contradictory signals about animal experimentation in medical science, man's relationship to animals must be based upon reason. Thomas Aquinas argues that man is essentially different from animals because man's intellectual processes show evidence of an abstract mechanism not possessed by animals. Man's rights arise in association with this essential difference. The consequence is that only man possesses true rights by Aquinas's definition; animals have them only by analogy. However, cruelty to animals is illicit and they should be (...)
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  47.  22
    Aquinas and Kierkegaard on the Relation Between God and Creatures.Martin J. De Nys - 2001 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (3):389-407.
  48. Derrida and Habermas on the Aporias of the Politics of Identity and Difference: Towards Radical Democratic Multiculturalism.Martin J. Matustik - 1995 - Filosoficky Casopis 43 (4):633-652.
     
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  49.  24
    Kierkegaard as Socio-Political Thinker and Activist.Martin J. Matuštík - 1994 - Man and World 27 (2):211-224.
  50.  41
    Using Ethical Reasoning to Amplify the Reach and Resonance of Professional Codes of Conduct in Training Big Data Scientists.Rochelle E. Tractenberg, Andrew J. Russell, Gregory J. Morgan, Kevin T. FitzGerald, Jeff Collmann, Lee Vinsel, Michael Steinmann & Lisa M. Dolling - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (6):1485-1507.
    The use of Big Data—however the term is defined—involves a wide array of issues and stakeholders, thereby increasing numbers of complex decisions around issues including data acquisition, use, and sharing. Big Data is becoming a significant component of practice in an ever-increasing range of disciplines; however, since it is not a coherent “discipline” itself, specific codes of conduct for Big Data users and researchers do not exist. While many institutions have created, or will create, training opportunities to prepare people to (...)
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