Results for 'Martin J. Elliott'

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  1.  38
    Living bioethics, clinical ethics committees and children's consent to heart surgery.Priscilla Alderson, Deborah Bowman, Joe Brierley, Martin J. Elliott, Romana Kazmi, Rosa Mendizabal-Espinosa, Jonathan Montgomery, Katy Sutcliffe & Hugo Wellesley - 2022 - Clinical Ethics 17 (3):272-281.
    This discussion paper considers how seldom recognised theories influence clinical ethics committees. A companion paper examined four major theories in social science: positivism, interpretivism, critical theory and functionalism, which can encourage legalistic ethics theories or practical living bioethics, which aims for theory–practice congruence. This paper develops the legalistic or living bioethics themes by relating the four theories to clinical ethics committee members’ reported aims and practices and approaches towards efficiency, power, intimidation, justice, equality and children’s interests and rights. Different approaches (...)
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  2.  21
    Living bioethics, theories and children’s consent to heart surgery.Priscilla Alderson, Deborah Bowman, Joe Brierley, Nathalie Dedieu, Martin J. Elliott, Jonathan Montgomery & Hugo Wellesley - forthcoming - Clinical Ethics:147775092210910.
    Background This analysis is about practical living bioethics and how law, ethics and sociology understand and respect children’s consent to, or refusal of, elective heart surgery. Analysis of underlying theories and influences will contrast legalistic bioethics with living bioethics. In-depth philosophical analysis compares social science traditions of positivism, interpretivism, critical theory and functionalism and applies them to bioethics and childhood, to examine how living bioethics may be encouraged or discouraged. Illustrative examples are drawn from research interviews and observations in two (...)
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  3.  3
    Type A behavior and normal habitual sleep duration.Robert A. Hicks, Robert J. Pellegrini, Sharon Martin, Linda Garbesi, Darlyne Elliott & James Hawkins - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (3):185-186.
  4.  5
    Nature History State: 1933–1934 By Martin Heidegger London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2015, pp.203, £14.99 ISBN: 978-1-4411-1617-8. [REVIEW]Richard J. Elliott - 2017 - Philosophy 92 (1):129-135.
    Review of Martin Heidegger's 1933 - 1934 seminars, with accompanying essays by Slavoj Zizek, Robert Bernasconi, Peter E. Gordon, Marion Heinz, and Theodore Kisiel.
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  5.  5
    Grace: The Logogenesis of Freedom.J. R. Martin - 1999 - Discourse Studies 1 (1):29-56.
    In this article I consider a two-page autobiographical recount which appears at the end of Nelson Mandela's book Long Walk to Freedom as a summary of his life and what he has learned from it. My aim is to illustrate the role of a detailed analysis of single texts in the field of discourse analysis, as opposed to studies of selected variables across a corpus of texts. The analysis is conducted within the general theoretical framework of systemic functional linguistics, with (...)
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  6. Einstein, Specific Heats, and the Early Quantum Theory.Martin J. Klein - 1965 - Science 148 (3667):173--180.
  7.  6
    Understanding Dialogue: Language Use and Social Interaction.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Linguistic interaction between two people is the fundamental form of communication, yet almost all research in language use focuses on isolated speakers and listeners. In this innovative work, Garrod and Pickering extend the scope of psycholinguistics beyond individuals by introducing communication as a social activity. Drawing on psychological, linguistic, philosophical and sociological research, they expand their theory that alignment across individuals is the basis of communication, through the model of a 'shared workspace account'. In this workspace, interlocutors are actors who (...)
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  8.  9
    Editorial: Adaptation to Psychological Stress in Sport.Martin J. Turner, Marc V. Jones, Anna C. Whittaker, Sylvain Laborde, Sarah Williams, Carla Meijen & Katherine A. Tamminen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  9.  14
    Functional Morphology in Paleobiology: Origins of the Method of ‘Paradigms’.Martin J. S. Rudwick - 2018 - Journal of the History of Biology 51 (1):135-178.
    From the early nineteenth century, the successful use of fossils in stratigraphy oriented paleontology towards geology. The consequent marginalising of biological objectives was countered in the twentieth century by the rise of ‘Paläobiologie’, first in the German cultural area and only later, as ‘paleobiology’, in the anglophone world. Several kinds of paleobiological research flourished internationally after the Second World War, among them the novel field of ‘paleoecology’. Within this field there were attempts to apply functional morphology to the problematical cases (...)
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  10.  7
    Accounting for variation in and overuse of antibiotics among humans.Martin J. Blaser, Melissa K. Melby, Margaret Lock & Mark Nichter - 2021 - Bioessays 43 (2):2000163.
    Worldwide, antibiotic use is increasing, but many infections against which antibiotics are applied are not even caused by bacteria. Over‐the‐counter and internet sales preclude physician oversight. Regional differences, between and within countries highlight many potential factors influencing antibiotic use. Taking a systems perspective that considers pharmaceutical commodity chains, we examine antibiotic overuse from the vantage point of both sides of the therapeutic relationship. We examine patterns and expectations of practitioners and patients, institutional policies and pressures, the business strategies of pharmaceutical (...)
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  11.  23
    The Challenges to the Study of Cultural Variation in Cognition.Martin J. Packer & Michael Cole - 2023 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 14 (2):515-537.
    We describe seven challenges that confront the kind of cross-cultural research currently practiced in experimental philosophy, illustrating them in an example in which intuitions about moral responsibility were studied in participants in four different countries. The seven challenge are (1) defining culture, (2) finding representative samples, (3) defining cognition, (4) task variation, (5) ecological validity, (6) interpreting the results, and (7) conducting ethical research. We suggest that these challenges can be overcome or avoided by attending to the ways cognition arises (...)
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  12.  6
    Praxeologische Funktionalontologie: eine Theorie des Wissens als Synthese von H. Dooyeweerd und R.B. Brandom.Martin J. Jandl - 2010 - Frankfurt am Main: Lang.
    Dieses Buch liefert einen Beitrag zu einem strittigen Thema der analytischen Philosophie, indem eine bislang noch nicht rezipierte Ontologie ins Spiel gebracht wird. Basierend auf Ernst Cassirers Substanzbegriff und Funktionsbegriff wird die «Theorie der modalen Aspekte» des holländischen Philosophen Herman Dooyeweerd als ontologisierende Detranszendentalisierungsstrategie des funktionsbegrifflichen Denkens vorgestellt. Die inferentielle Semantik und die normative Pragmatik, die Robert B. Brandom in Expressive Vernunft ausarbeitet, werden im Kontext von Wittgenstein, Ryle und Sellars interpretiert. Der Versuch, die analytische Philosophie ontologisch zu fundieren, darf (...)
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  13.  2
    Incarnation: The Harmony of One Love in the Totality of Reality.Martin J. Schade - 2016 - Upa.
    Western dualism is an illusion. All of reality is a dialectical unity of incarnate love understood through the condition of the possibilities of divine and human, spirit and matter, Self and Other. Incarnation offers an understanding of the Self with ethical and cultural applications.
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  14. Ripstein and his critics.Martin J. Stone - 2017 - In Sari Kisilevsky & Martin Jay Stone (eds.), Freedom and Force: Essays on Kant’s Legal Philosophy. Portland, Oregon: Bloomsbury.
     
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  15.  29
    The Requirement of Total Evidence: A Reply to Epstein’s Critique.Martin Barrett & Elliott Sober - 2020 - Philosophy of Science 87 (1):191-203.
    The requirement of total evidence is a mainstay of Bayesian epistemology. Peter Fisher Epstein argues that the requirement generates mistaken conclusions about several examples that he devises. Here we examine the example of Epstein’s that we find most interesting and argue that Epstein’s analysis of it is flawed.
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  16.  20
    Being in Relation, Being through Change.Martin J. Fitzgerald - 2022 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 47 (6):681-687.
    Ethics exists among beings that can relate to one another and who can create change in one another. Although this may appear as a simple truism, the implications of relation and change in bioethics are manifold. For instance, one can relate not only to others, but also can enter into self-relation by relating to oneself. Self-relation problematizes autonomy insofar as one does not have immediate access to all of oneself and so therefore also does not immediately fully determine oneself in (...)
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  17.  5
    Acute shame in response to dissociative detachment: evidence from non-clinical and traumatised samples.Martin J. Dorahy, Abbie Schultz, Michaela Wooller, Ken Clearwater & Kumar Yogeeswaran - 2021 - Cognition and Emotion 35 (6):1150-1162.
    Two studies employed a dissociative detachment induction technique to examine if experiences of dissociation increased acute shame feelings. Study 1 recruited college participants, while Study 2 enlisted adults attending treatment for childhood sexual abuse. Two hypotheses were explored: (1) more shame would be reported following a dissociative detachment induction than a relaxation induction; and (2) shame would increase when detachment was induced in the relationship context of a close other than when alone. Study 1 (N = 81) effectively induced detachment (...)
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  18.  12
    The Sense of Self Over Time: Assessing Diachronicity in Dissociative Identity Disorder, Psychosis and Healthy Comparison Groups.Martin J. Dorahy, Rafaële J. C. Huntjens, Rosemary J. Marsh, Brooke Johnson, Kate Fox & Warwick Middleton - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Dissociative experiences have been associated with diachronic disunity. Yet, this work is in its infancy. Dissociative identity disorder is characterized by different identity states reporting their own relatively continuous sense of self. The degree to which patients in dissociative identity states experience diachronic unity has not been empirically explored. This study examined the degree to which patients in dissociative identity states experienced diachronic unity. Participants were DID adults assessed in adult and child identity states, adults with a psychotic illness, adults (...)
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  19.  7
    Bifocal stance theory, the transmission metaphor, and institutional reality.Martin J. Packer & Michael Cole - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45:e264.
    Biologists have replaced the metaphor of “genetic transmission” with a detailed account of the molecular mechanisms underlying the phenomenon which Darwin referred to as “like produces like.” Cultural evolution theorists, in contrast, continue to appeal to “imitation” or “copying.” The notion of ritual and instrumental stances does not resolve this issue, and ignores the institutions in which people live.
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  20.  4
    The Post-Colonial State: Investment and Intervention in Vietnam.Martin J. Murray - 1973 - Politics and Society 3 (4):437-461.
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  21.  13
    Is entropy relevant to the asymmetry between retrodiction and prediction?Martin Barrett & Elliott Sober - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (2):141-160.
    The idea that the changing entropy of a system is relevant to explaining why we know more about the system's past than about its future has been criticized on several fronts. This paper assesses the criticisms and clarifies the epistemology of the inference problem. It deploys a Markov process model to investigate the relationship between entropy and temporally asymmetric inference.
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  22.  24
    An integrated theory of language production and comprehension.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):329-347.
    Currently, production and comprehension are regarded as quite distinct in accounts of language processing. In rejecting this dichotomy, we instead assert that producing and understanding are interwoven, and that this interweaving is what enables people to predict themselves and each other. We start by noting that production and comprehension are forms of action and action perception. We then consider the evidence for interweaving in action, action perception, and joint action, and explain such evidence in terms of prediction. Specifically, we assume (...)
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  23. Staat Und Recht Die Deutsche Staatslehre Im 19. Und 20. Jahrhundert. Hrsg. Von Martin J. Sattler.Martin J. Sattler - 1972
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  24.  35
    Toward a mechanistic psychology of dialogue.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):169-190.
    Traditional mechanistic accounts of language processing derive almost entirely from the study of monologue. Yet, the most natural and basic form of language use is dialogue. As a result, these accounts may only offer limited theories of the mechanisms that underlie language processing in general. We propose a mechanistic account of dialogue, the interactive alignment account, and use it to derive a number of predictions about basic language processes. The account assumes that, in dialogue, the linguistic representations employed by the (...)
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  25. Gabriel Marcel's Philosophy of Death.Martin J. Lonergan - 1976 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (2):181.
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  26.  6
    Domain permutation reduction for constraint satisfaction problems.Martin J. Green & David A. Cohen - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence 172 (8-9):1094-1118.
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  27. Kant's apparent positivism.Martin J. Stone - 2017 - In Sari Kisilevsky & Martin Jay Stone (eds.), Freedom and Force: Essays on Kant’s Legal Philosophy. Portland, Oregon: Bloomsbury.
     
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  28.  5
    Multi-informant validity evidence for the ssis sel brief scales across six european countries.Christopher J. Anthony, Stephen N. Elliott, Michayla Yost, Pui-Wa Lei, James C. DiPerna, Carmel Cefai, Liberato Camilleri, Paul A. Bartolo, Ilaria Grazzani, Veronica Ornaghi, Valeria Cavioni, Elisabetta Conte, Sanja Tatalović Vorkapić, Maria Poulou, Baiba Martinsone, Celeste Simões & Aurora Adina Colomeischi - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The SSIS SEL Brief Scales are multi-informant measures that were developed to efficiently assess the SEL competencies of school-age youth in the United States. Recently, the SSIS SELb was translated into multiple languages for use in a multi-site study across six European countries. The purpose of the current study was to examine concurrent and predictive evidence for the SEL Composite scores from the translated versions of the SSIS SELb Scales. Results indicated that SSIS SELb Composite scores demonstrated expected positive concurrent (...)
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  29. Kelsen's basic norm of law: pivotal cognition.Martin J. Michaels - 2020 - [London?]: Red Square Books.
     
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  30.  1
    News and notes.J. A. Martin - 1957 - Philosophy East and West 7 (3/4):179.
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  31.  6
    Thomas More Society.Martin J. McNamara - 1982 - Moreana 19 (Number 75-19 (3-4):3-4.
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  32. The Moment Before God.Martin J. Heinecken - 1956
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  33.  20
    The second law of probability dynamics.Martin Barrett & Elliott Sober - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):941-953.
  34.  16
    Executive Compensation and Corporate Fraud in China.Martin J. Conyon & Lerong He - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):669-691.
    This study investigates the relation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud in China. We document a significantly negative correlation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud using data on publicly traded firms between 2005 and 2010. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that firms penalize CEOs for fraud by lowering their pay. We also find that CEO compensation is lower in firms that commit more severe frauds. Panel data fixed effects and propensity score methods are used to demonstrate these effects. (...)
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  35.  8
    Introduction to Game Theory.Martin J. Osborne - 2004 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Game-theoretic reasoning pervades economic theory and is used widely in other social and behavioural sciences. An Introduction to Game Theory International Edition, by Martin J. Osborne, presents the main principles of game theory and shows how they can be used to understand economics, social, political, and biological phenomena. The book introduces in an accessible manner the main ideas behind the theory rather than their mathematical expression. All concepts are defined precisely, and logical reasoning is used throughout. The book requires (...)
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  36.  14
    Mechanical Explanation at the End of the Nineteenth Century.Martin J. Klein - 1973 - Centaurus 17 (1):58-82.
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  37. Kierkegaard in Post/Modernity.Martin J. Matuštík & Merold Westphal - 2003 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 193 (1):120-120.
     
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  38. Introduction: Cognitive attitudes and values in science.Daniel J. McKaughan & Kevin C. Elliott - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:57-61.
  39. A Dialogue on Criteria.J. L. Martin - 1972 - Philosophical Forum 4 (2):218.
     
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  40. Amoralische Rechtsprechung in Sachen Empfängnisverhütungsmitteln.J. Martin - 1960 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 7 (2):162.
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  41. Juristen zur Schwangerschaftsunterbrechung.J. Martin - 1960 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 7 (2):168.
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  42.  25
    Norming COVID‐19: The Urgency of a Non‐Humanist Holism.Jeffrey P. Bishop & Martin J. Fitzgerald - 2022 - Heythrop Journal 63 (3):333-348.
  43.  3
    Structural priming and the representation of language.Holly P. Branigan & Martin J. Pickering - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40:e313.
    Structural priming offers a powerful method for experimentally investigating the mental representation of linguistic structure. We clarify the nature of our proposal, justify the versatility of priming, consider alternative approaches, and discuss how our specific account can be extended to new questions as part of an interdisciplinary programme integrating linguistics and psychology as part of the cognitive sciences of language.
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  44.  17
    Heart in art: cardiovascular diseases in novels, films, and paintings.Martin J. Schalij, Michael Murray, Alexander D. Hilt, Barend W. Florijn, Pim B. van der Meer & Ad A. Kaptein - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):2.
    BackgroundUnderstanding representations of disease in various art genres provides insights into how patients and health care providers view the diseases. It can also be used to enhance patient care and stimulate patient self-management.MethodsThis paper reviews how cardiovascular diseases are represented in novels, films, and paintings: myocardial infarction, aneurysm, hypertension, stroke, heart transplantation, Marfan’s disease, congestive heart failure. Various search systems and definitions were used to help identify sources of representations of different cardiovascular diseases. The representations of the different diseases were (...)
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  45.  18
    The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Pierre Duhem, P. P. Wiener.Martin J. Klein - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (4):354-355.
  46.  11
    Forward models and their implications for production, comprehension, and dialogue.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):377-392.
    Our target article proposed that language production and comprehension are interwoven, with speakers making predictions of their own utterances and comprehenders making predictions of other people's utterances at different linguistic levels. Here, we respond to comments about such issues as cognitive architecture and its neural basis, learning and development, monitoring, the nature of forward models, communicative intentions, and dialogue.
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  47.  4
    Reading Science: Critical and Functional Perspectives on Discourses of Science.J. R. Martin & Robert Veel (eds.) - 1998 - Routledge.
    _Reading Science_ looks at the distinctive language of science and technology and the role it plays in building up scientific understandings of the world. It brings together discourse analysis and critical theory for the first time in a single volume. This edited collection examines science discourse from a number of perspectives, drawing on new rhetoric, functional linguistics and critical theory. It explores this language in research and industrial contexts as well as in educational settings and in popular science writing and (...)
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  48. Max Planck and the Beginnings of the Quantum Theory.Martin J. Klein - 1961 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 1 (5):459--479.
  49.  3
    Circle: International Survey of Constructive ArtThe Rise and Fall and Rise of Modern Dance.Anita Page, J. L. Martin, B. Nicholson, N. Gabo & Don McDonagh - 1972 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 30 (3):406.
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  50.  10
    Adam Smith, Aristotle, and the virtues of commerce.Martin J. Calkins & Patricia H. Werhane - 1998 - Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (1):43-60.
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