Results for 'Martin J��ttner'

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  1.  11
    Contextual Factors in the Generation of Express and Regular Saccades.Martin J.Ü & Ttner - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):689-689.
    Experiments using a modified gap paradigm, where regular trials are intermingled with catch trials (trials without saccade target), demonstrate that the relative frequency of express versus regular saccades distinctly depends on catch trial frequency. More specifically, it has been shown that the probability of an express saccade depends stochastically on the type of the preceding trial, that is, on the sequence of stimuli. We discuss whether such contextual effects can be accommodated within the framework of Findlay & Walker's model.
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  2.  29
    Introduction to Game Theory.Martin J. Osborne - 2004 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Game-theoretic reasoning pervades economic theory and is used widely in other social and behavioural sciences. An Introduction to Game Theory International Edition, by Martin J. Osborne, presents the main principles of game theory and shows how they can be used to understand economics, social, political, and biological phenomena. The book introduces in an accessible manner the main ideas behind the theory rather than their mathematical expression. All concepts are defined precisely, and logical reasoning is used throughout. The book requires (...)
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  3.  1
    Re/Reading the Past: Critical and Functional Perspectives on Time and Value.J. R. Martin & Ruth Wodak - 2003 - John Benjamins Publishing.
    "Re/reading the Past "is concerned with the discourses of history, from the complementary perspectives of Critical Discourse Analysis and Systemic Functional Linguistics. The papers in the book stress the discursive construction of the past, focussing on the different social narratives which compete for official acknowledgement. Issues of collective and cultural memory are addressed, reflecting the "linguistic turn" in the Social Sciences. The book covers a range of discourses, interpreting texts from popular culture to academic discourse including the construction and evaluation (...)
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  4.  10
    Reading Science: Critical and Functional Perspectives on Discourses of Science.J. R. Martin & Robert Veel (eds.) - 1998 - Routledge.
    _Reading Science_ looks at the distinctive language of science and technology and the role it plays in building up scientific understandings of the world. It brings together discourse analysis and critical theory for the first time in a single volume. This edited collection examines science discourse from a number of perspectives, drawing on new rhetoric, functional linguistics and critical theory. It explores this language in research and industrial contexts as well as in educational settings and in popular science writing and (...)
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  5. An Integrated Theory of Language Production and Comprehension.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):329-347.
    Currently, production and comprehension are regarded as quite distinct in accounts of language processing. In rejecting this dichotomy, we instead assert that producing and understanding are interwoven, and that this interweaving is what enables people to predict themselves and each other. We start by noting that production and comprehension are forms of action and action perception. We then consider the evidence for interweaving in action, action perception, and joint action, and explain such evidence in terms of prediction. Specifically, we assume (...)
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  6. Toward a Mechanistic Psychology of Dialogue.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):169-190.
    Traditional mechanistic accounts of language processing derive almost entirely from the study of monologue. Yet, the most natural and basic form of language use is dialogue. As a result, these accounts may only offer limited theories of the mechanisms that underlie language processing in general. We propose a mechanistic account of dialogue, the interactive alignment account, and use it to derive a number of predictions about basic language processes. The account assumes that, in dialogue, the linguistic representations employed by the (...)
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  7. Incarnation: The Harmony of One Love in the Totality of Reality.Martin J. Schade - 2016 - Upa.
    Western dualism is an illusion. All of reality is a dialectical unity of incarnate love understood through the condition of the possibilities of divine and human, spirit and matter, Self and Other. Incarnation offers an understanding of the Self with ethical and cultural applications.
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  8.  35
    The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory. Pierre Duhem, P. P. Wiener.Martin J. Klein - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (4):354-355.
  9.  1
    Understanding Dialogue: Language Use and Social Interaction.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Linguistic interaction between two people is the fundamental form of communication, yet almost all research in language use focuses on isolated speakers and listeners. In this innovative work, Garrod and Pickering extend the scope of psycholinguistics beyond individuals by introducing communication as a social activity. Drawing on psychological, linguistic, philosophical and sociological research, they expand their theory that alignment across individuals is the basis of communication, through the model of a 'shared workspace account'. In this workspace, interlocutors are actors who (...)
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  10.  77
    Do People Use Language Production to Make Predictions During Comprehension?Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (3):105-110.
  11. Getting Ahead: Forward Models and Their Place in Cognitive Architecture.Martin J. Pickering & Andy Clark - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (9):451-456.
    The use of forward models is well established in cognitive and computational neuroscience. We compare and contrast two recent, but interestingly divergent, accounts of the place of forward models in the human cognitive architecture. On the Auxiliary Forward Model account, forward models are special-purpose prediction mechanisms implemented by additional circuitry distinct from core mechanisms of perception and action. On the Integral Forward Model account, forward models lie at the heart of all forms of perception and action. We compare these neighbouring (...)
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  12.  11
    Heart in Art: Cardiovascular Diseases in Novels, Films, and Paintings.Martin J. Schalij, Michael Murray, Alexander D. Hilt, Barend W. Florijn, Pim B. van der Meer & Ad A. Kaptein - 2020 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 15 (1):2.
    BackgroundUnderstanding representations of disease in various art genres provides insights into how patients and health care providers view the diseases. It can also be used to enhance patient care and stimulate patient self-management.MethodsThis paper reviews how cardiovascular diseases are represented in novels, films, and paintings: myocardial infarction, aneurysm, hypertension, stroke, heart transplantation, Marfan’s disease, congestive heart failure. Various search systems and definitions were used to help identify sources of representations of different cardiovascular diseases. The representations of the different diseases were (...)
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  13.  25
    Freedom and Force: Essays on Kant’s Legal Philosophy.Sari Kisilevsky & Martin J. Stone (eds.) - 2017 - Bloomsbury.
    This collection of essays takes as its starting point Arthur Ripstein's Force and Freedom: Kant's Legal and Political Philosophy, a seminal work on Kant's thinking about law, which also treats many of the contemporary issues of legal and political philosophy. The essays offer readings and elucidations of Ripstein's thought, dispute some of his claims and extend some of his themes within broader philosophical contexts, thus developing the significance of Ripstein's ideas for contemporary legal and political philosophy. -/- All of the (...)
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  14.  64
    The Emergence of a Visual Language for Geological Science 1760—1840.Martin J. S. Rudwick - 1976 - History of Science 14 (3):149-195.
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  15.  37
    Executive Compensation and Corporate Fraud in China.Martin J. Conyon & Lerong He - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 134 (4):669-691.
    This study investigates the relation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud in China. We document a significantly negative correlation between CEO compensation and corporate fraud using data on publicly traded firms between 2005 and 2010. Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that firms penalize CEOs for fraud by lowering their pay. We also find that CEO compensation is lower in firms that commit more severe frauds. Panel data fixed effects and propensity score methods are used to demonstrate these effects. (...)
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  16.  40
    Forward Models and Their Implications for Production, Comprehension, and Dialogue.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):377-392.
    Our target article proposed that language production and comprehension are interwoven, with speakers making predictions of their own utterances and comprehenders making predictions of other people's utterances at different linguistic levels. Here, we respond to comments about such issues as cognitive architecture and its neural basis, learning and development, monitoring, the nature of forward models, communicative intentions, and dialogue.
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  17.  37
    Is Necessity Necessary?: J. A. MARTIN.J. A. Martin - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (3):329-334.
    Q: If necessity is the mother of invention, whence necessity? A. : The matrix of necessity in God-talk is religious experience, philosophically interpreted. The interpreters, theists and non-thesists, have indeed been inventive.
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  18. De Corpore Politico., or, the Elements of Lavv, Moral & Politick. With Discourses Upon Several Heads; as of the Law of Nature. [Of] Oathes and Covenants. [Of] Severall Kind of Government. With the Changes and Revolutions of Them. [REVIEW]Thomas Hobbes, J. Martin & Ridley - 1650 - Printed for J. Martin, and J. Ridley, and Are to Be Sold at the Castle in Fleet-Street, by Ram-Alley.
     
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  19.  33
    Martin Antike Rhetorik: Technik und Methode. Munich: C. H. Beck. 1974. Pp. xii + 420. DM 118.S. Usher & J. Martin - 1976 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 96:197-198.
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  20.  5
    Mechanical Explanation at the End of the Nineteenth Century.Martin J. Klein - 1973 - Centaurus 17 (1):58-82.
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  21. Max Planck and the Beginnings of the Quantum Theory.Martin J. Klein - 1961 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 1 (5):459--479.
  22.  28
    Fake News? A Critical Analysis of the ‘Welfare Cheats, Cheat Us All’ Campaign in Ireland.Eoin Devereux & Martin J. Power - 2019 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (3):347-362.
    ABSTRACTUsing qualitative content analysis, informed by a Critical Discourse Analysis approach, this article examines the production, content and reception of print and online media discourses concerning the 2017 ‘Welfare Cheats, Cheat Us All’ campaign in the Republic of Ireland. Our article is situated in the context of recent debates concerning the media’s role in articulating ‘disgust’ discourses focused on ‘welfare fraud’, poverty and unemployment. Central to these processes is the social construction of those who are deemed to be the ‘deserving (...)
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  23.  14
    Martin J.S. Rudwick. The Great Devonian Controversy: The Shaping of Scientific Knowledge Among Gentlemanly Specialists. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1985. Pp. Xxxiii + 494. ISBN 0-226-73101-4. £36.75. [REVIEW]J. Morrell - 1987 - British Journal for the History of Science 20 (1):88-89.
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  24.  49
    The Future of Empirical Theology: J. A. MARTIN, JR.J. A. Martin - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (1):71-76.
  25.  43
    Thinking About God: Some Fruits of Anglo-American Dialogue: J. A. MARTIN.J. A. Martin - 1977 - Religious Studies 13 (1):93-99.
  26.  39
    What Do We Study When We Study Religion?1: J. Arthur Martin.J. Arthur Martin - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (4):467-472.
    In ‘ The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy ’ Laurence Sterne writes: That of all the several ways of beginning a book which are now in practice throughout the known world, I am confident my own way of doing it is the best—I'm sure it is the most religious—for I begin with writing the first sentence—and trusting to Almighty God for the second.
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  27.  75
    Adam Smith, Aristotle, and the Virtues of Commerce.Martin J. Calkins & Patricia H. Werhane - 1998 - Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (1):43-60.
  28. Einstein, Specific Heats, and the Early Quantum Theory.Martin J. Klein - 1965 - Science 148 (3667):173--180.
  29. Thermodynamics and Quanta in Planck’s Work.Martin J. Klein - 1966 - Physics Today 19 (11):294--302.
  30.  14
    Self-, Other-, and Joint Monitoring Using Forward Models.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  31.  32
    World and Life as One: Ethics and Ontology in Wittgenstein’s Early Thought.Martin J. B. Stokhof - 2002 - Stanford University Press.
    This book explores in detail the relation between ontology and ethics in the early work of Ludwig Wittgenstein, notably the _Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus_ and, to a lesser extent, the _Notebooks 1914-1916_. Self-contained and requiring no prior knowledge of Wittgenstein's thought, it is the first book-length argument that his views on ethics decisively shaped his ontological and semantic thought. The book's main thesis is twofold. It argues that the ontological theory of the _Tractatus_ is fundamentally dependent on its logical and linguistic doctrines: (...)
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  32. Specters of Liberation: Great Refusals in the New World Order.Martin J. Beck Matustik - 1998 - State University of New York Press.
    Advocates a new existential and political coalition among critical and postmodern social theorists and among critical gender, race, and class theorists, in dissent from the New World Order, to raise specters of liberation and empower radical democratic change.
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  33.  22
    Advances in Macromolecular Sequence Analysis. The Applications of Computers to Research on Nucleic Acids III., Ed by D. SÖLL and R. J. ROBERTS. IRL Press. 1986. Pp. 626. £35, $63. [REVIEW]Martin J. Bishop - 1987 - Bioessays 6 (4):191-191.
  34. Palgrave Advances in Continental Political Thought.T. Carver & J. Martin (eds.) - 2005 - Palgrave.
    An accessible, higher-level introduction to a key selection of continental European thinkers from Spinoza to Zizek. Covering 'classical' exponents of the tradition such as Hegel and Marx, 'moderns' like Gramsci and Habermas and 'postmoderns' like Lacan and Deleuze, the volume introduces the main ideas of each thinker and reflects on their enduring theoretical relevance. The impressive breadth and contemporary angle make this a unique, up-to-date collection that will be invaluable to students and teaching staff alike.
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  35.  54
    Syntactic Co-Ordination in Dialogue.Holly P. Branigan, Martin J. Pickering & Alexandra A. Cleland - 2000 - Cognition 75 (2):B13-B25.
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  36.  66
    Anthropic Reasoning.Martin J. Rees - 1997 - Complexity 3 (1):17-21.
  37.  82
    The Smoking Penalty: Distributive Justice or Smokism?Martin J. Lecker - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S1):47 - 64.
    This study addresses whether businesses discriminate against employees who smoke, which for the purposes of this study is called smokism. It began with a description of the employers' costs which led to the development of these smoking bans and examined several company policies as a result of these costs. The viewpoints from several perspectives toward these policies and their perceptions about smokers were also reviewed. This was followed by surveying the corporate smoking policies of 76 companies representing 287 employees in (...)
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  38. The Interactive-Alignment Model: Developments and Refinements.Martin J. Pickering & Simon Garrod - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):212-225.
    The interactive-alignment model of dialogue provides an account of dialogue at the level of explanation normally associated with cognitive psychology. We develop our claim that interlocutors align their mental models via priming at many levels of linguistic representation, explicate our notion of automaticity, defend the minimal role of “other modeling,” and discuss the relationship between monologue and dialogue. The account can be applied to social and developmental psychology, and would benefit from computational modeling.
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  39.  79
    Why is Conversation so Easy?Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (1):8-11.
  40. The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein, Vol. 5, The Swiss Years: Correspondence, 1902-1914.Martin J. Klein, Anne J. Kox, Robert Schulmann & P. M. Harman - 1996 - Annals of Science 53 (1):93-93.
     
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  41.  59
    Joint Action, Interactive Alignment, and Dialog.Simon Garrod & Martin J. Pickering - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):292-304.
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  42. Post-National Identity: Habermas, Kierkegaard and Havel.Martin J. Matustik - 1993 - Thesis Eleven 34 (1):89-103.
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  43. J. BARWISE "The Situation in Logic". [REVIEW]J. N. Martin - 1991 - History and Philosophy of Logic 12 (1):132.
     
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  44. Ontology.Fernand van Steenberghen & Martin J. Flynn - 1952 - Joseph F. Wagner.
     
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  45. Constitution for a Future Country.Martin J. Bailey - 2001 - Palgrave.
    This book offers ways to overcome problems that arise when voters, politicians, and bureaucrats pursue selfish interests rather than the general interest in their political behavior. It combines previously published ideas about charging people the costs of their political actions and selling insurance against unfavorable political outcomes, with new ideas about competing legislatures and incentives for generating efficient political outcomes. The book includes new are discussed, as well as a proposed constitution and its rationale.
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  46. Derrida and Habermas on the Aporias of the Politics of Identity and Difference: Towards Radical Democratic Multiculturalism.Martin J. Matustik - 1995 - Filosoficky Casopis 43 (4):633-652.
     
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  47. Anscombe on Expression of Intention : An Exegesis.Richard Moran & Martin J. Stone - 2011 - In Anton Ford, Jennifer Hornsby & Frederick Stoutland (eds.), Essays on Anscombe's Intention. Harvard University Press.
     
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  48.  1
    Ethics in an Aging Society.Martin J. Gorbien - 1998 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (3):452.
  49. Anscombe on Expression of Intention.Richard Moran & Martin J. Stone - 2009 - In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Of course in every act of this kind, there remains the possibility of putting this act into question – insofar as it refers to more distant, more essential ends.... For example the sentence which I write is the meaning of the letters I trace, but the whole work I wish to produce is the meaning of the sentence. And this work is a possibility in connection with which I can feel anguish; it is truly my possibility...tomorrow in relation to it (...)
     
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  50.  9
    An Experimental Approach to Linguistic Representation.Holly P. Branigan & Martin J. Pickering - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    Within the cognitive sciences, most researchers assume that it is the job of linguists to investigate how language is represented, and that they do so largely by building theories based on explicit judgments about patterns of acceptability – whereas it is the task of psychologists to determine how language is processed, and that in doing so, they do not typically question the linguists' representational assumptions. We challenge this division of labor by arguing that structural priming provides an implicit method of (...)
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