48 found
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  1. Visual Agnosia: Disorders of Object Recognition and What They Tell Us About Normal Vision.Martha J. Farah - 1990 - MIT Press.
    Visual Agnosia is a comprehensive and up-to-date review of disorders of higher vision that relates these disorders to current conceptions of higher vision from cognitive science, illuminating both the neuropsychological disorders and the nature of normal visual object recognition.Brain damage can lead to selective problems with visual perception, including visual agnosia the inability to recognize objects even though elementary visual functions remain unimpaired. Such disorders are relatively rare, yet they provide a window onto how the normal brain might accomplish the (...)
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  2.  41
    Dissociated overt and covert recognition as an emergent property of a lesioned neural network.Martha J. Farah, Randall C. O'Reilly & Shaun P. Vecera - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (4):571-588.
  3.  47
    Neuropsychological inference with an interactive brain: A critique of the “locality” assumption.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):43-61.
    When cognitive neuropsychologists make inferences about the functional architecture of the normal mind from selective cognitive impairments they generally assume that the effects of brain damage are local, that is, that the nondamaged components of the architecture continue to function as they did before the damage. This assumption follows from the view that the components of the functional architecture are modular, in the sense of being informationally encapsulated. In this target article it is argued that this “locality” assumption is probably (...)
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  4.  9
    Neuropsychological inference with an interactive brain: A critique of the “locality” assumption.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):90-100.
    When cognitive neuropsychologists make inferences about the functional architecture of the normal mind from selective cognitive impairments they generally assume that the effects of brain damage are local, that is, that the nondamaged components of the architecture continue to function as they did before the damage. This assumption follows from the view that the components of the functional architecture are modular, in the sense of being informationally encapsulated. In this target article it is argued that this “locality” assumption is probably (...)
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  5.  27
    What is "special" about face perception?Martha J. Farah, Kevin D. Wilson, Maxwell Drain & James N. Tanaka - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):482-498.
  6. Personhood and neuroscience: Naturalizing or nihilating?Martha J. Farah & Andrea S. Heberlein - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):37-48.
    Personhood is a foundational concept in ethics, yet defining criteria have been elusive. In this article we summarize attempts to define personhood in psychological and neurological terms and conclude that none manage to be both specific and non-arbitrary. We propose that this is because the concept does not correspond to any real category of objects in the world. Rather, it is the product of an evolved brain system that develops innately and projects itself automatically and irrepressibly onto the world whenever (...)
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  7.  95
    Socioeconomic status and the developing brain.Daniel A. Hackman & Martha J. Farah - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (2):65.
  8.  42
    The neurological basis of mental imagery: A componential analysis.Martha J. Farah - 1984 - Cognition 18 (1-3):245-272.
  9.  46
    Monitoring and Manipulating Brain Function: New Neuroscience Technologies and Their Ethical Implications.Martha J. Farah & Paul Root Wolpe - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (3):35-45.
    The eye may be window to the soul, but neuroscientists aim to get inside and measure the interior directly. There's also talk about moving some walls.
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  10.  23
    A unified account of cognitive impairments following frontal lobe damage: the role of working memory in complex, organized behavior.Daniel Y. Kimberg & Martha J. Farah - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (4):411.
  11.  97
    Is visual imagery really visual: Some overlooked evidence from neuropsychology.Martha J. Farah - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (3):307-17.
  12.  29
    Reinterpreting Visual Patterns in Mental Imagery.Ronald A. Finks, Steven Pinker & Martha J. Farah - 1989 - Cognitive Science 13 (1):51-78.
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  13.  45
    A computational analysis of mental image generation: Evidence from functional dissociations in split-brain patients.Stephen M. Kosslyn, Jeffrey D. Holtzman, Martha J. Farah & Michael S. Gazzaniga - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 114 (3):311-341.
  14.  36
    Visual perception and visual awareness after brain damage: A tutorial overview.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - In Carlo Umilta & Morris Moscovitch (eds.), Consciousness and Unconscious Information Processing: Attention and Performance 15. MIT Press. pp. 203--236.
  15.  74
    The Cognitive Neuroscience of Vision.Martha J. Farah - 2000 - Blackwell.
    The Cognitive Neuroscience of Vision begins by introducing the reader to the anatomy of the eye and visual cortex and then proceeds to discuss image and...
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  16. Neuroscience for Educators: What Are They Seeking, and What Are They Finding?Cayce J. Hook & Martha J. Farah - 2012 - Neuroethics 6 (2):331-341.
    What can neuroscience offer to educators? Much of the debate has focused on whether basic research on the brain can translate into direct applications within the classroom. Accompanying ethical concern has centered on whether neuroeducation has made empty promises to educators. Relatively little investigation has been made into educators’ expectations regarding neuroscience research and how they might find it professionally useful. In order to address this question, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 13 educators who were repeat attendees of the Learning (...)
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  17.  19
    Unconscious perception of "extinguished" visual stimuli: Reassessing the evidence.Martha J. Farah, M. A. Monheit & M. A. Wallace - 1991 - Neuropsychologia 29:949-58.
  18.  25
    Brain Images, Babies, and Bathwater: Critiquing Critiques of Functional Neuroimaging.Martha J. Farah - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (s2):19-30.
    Since the mid‐1980s, psychologists and neuroscientists have used brain imaging to test hypotheses about human thought processes and their neural instantiation. In just three decades, functional neuroimaging has been transformed from a crude clinical tool to a widely used research method for understanding the human brain and mind. Such rapidly achieved success is bound to evoke skepticism. A degree of skepticism toward new methods and ideas is both inevitable and useful in any field. It is especially valuable in a science (...)
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  19.  23
    Mental rotation and orientation-invariant object recognition: Dissociable processes.Martha J. Farah & Katherine M. Hammond - 1988 - Cognition 29 (1):29-46.
  20.  35
    Neighborhood disadvantage and adolescent stress reactivity.Daniel A. Hackman, Laura M. Betancourt, Nancy L. Brodsky, Hallam Hurt & Martha J. Farah - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  21.  19
    Structure and Strategy in Image Generation.Martha J. Farah & Stephen M. Kosslyn - 1981 - Cognitive Science 5 (4):371-383.
    Two experiments were conducted to test a prediction of the Kosslyn & Shwartz computer simulation model of mental image processing. According to this model, more complex images require more time to form because parts are placed sequentially, and larger images require more time to form than smaller ones because more parts are placed. If these accounts are correct, then the advantage of forming a small image (i.e., one that seems to subtend a smaller visual angle) should be greater for more (...)
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  22.  56
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Personhood and Neuroscience: Naturalizing or Nihilating?": Getting Personal.Martha J. Farah & Andrea S. Heberlein - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):1-4.
    Personhood is a foundational concept in ethics, yet defining criteria have been elusive. In this article we summarize attempts to define personhood in psychological and neurological terms and conclude that none manage to be both specific and non-arbitrary. We propose that this is because the concept does not correspond to any real category of objects in the world. Rather, it is the product of an evolved brain system that develops innately and projects itself automatically and irrepressibly onto the world whenever (...)
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  23.  12
    Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience.Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.) - 2000 - MIT Press.
    The cognitive disorders that follow brain damage are an important source of insights into the neural bases of human thought. This work offers state-of-the-art reviews of the patient-based approach to central issues in cognitive neuroscience by leaders in the field.
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  24.  29
    Levels of selection and capacity limits.Veronica J. Dark, William A. Johnston, Marina Myles-Worsley & Martha J. Farah - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 114 (4):472-497.
  25.  58
    Consciousness of perception after brain damage.Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg - 1997 - Seminars in Neurology 17:145-52.
  26.  10
    Orientation Invariance and Geometric Primitives in Shape Recognition.Martha J. Farah, Robin Rochlin & Karen L. Klein - 1994 - Cognitive Science 18 (2):325-344.
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  27.  47
    Perception and awareness after brain damage.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - Current Opinion in Neurobiology 4:252-55.
  28.  43
    A historical perspective on cognitive neuroscience.Todd E. Feinberg & Martha J. Farah - 2000 - In Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.), Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press. pp. 3--20.
  29.  15
    Superadditive effects of multiple lesions in a connectionist architecture: Implications for the neuropsychology of optic aphasia.Mark Sitton, Michael C. Mozer & Martha J. Farah - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (4):709-734.
  30. Consciousness.Martha J. Farah - 2001 - In Brenda Rapp (ed.), The Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology: What Deficits Reveal About the Human Mind. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.
  31.  9
    Checking in with Neuroethics.Martha J. Farah - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (1):3-3.
    Like people, academic fields grow, acquire an identity, establish goals, and ultimately impact the world in various ways. Here we check in with our young friend Neuroethics—a field I want to see develop and thrive. This won't happen if it keeps returning to issues like cognitive enhancement or neural causation of behavior and responsibility, with minor adjustments of its analyses. Neuroethics is at its best when scanning the horizon for new scientific and technical developments that intersect in new ways with (...)
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  32.  9
    Disorders of.Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg - 2000 - In Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.), Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press. pp. 143.
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  33. Disorders of perception and awareness.Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg - 2000 - In Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.), Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press.
     
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  34.  35
    Is consciousness of perception really separable from perception?Martha J. Farah - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):254-255.
    Although not the main point of his target article, Block defends the view that perception and awareness of perception could be functions of different brain systems. I will argue that the available data do not support this view, and that Block's defense of the view rests on problematic eonstruals of the “executive system” and of the components of information-processing models.
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  35.  17
    Interactions on the interactive brain.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):90-104.
    When cognitive neuropsychologists make inferences about the functional architecture of the normal mind from selective cognitive impairments they generally assume that the effects of brain damage are local, that is, that the nondamaged components of the architecture continue to function as they did before the damage. This assumption follows from the view that the components of the functional architecture are modular, in the sense of being informationally encapsulated. In this target article it is argued that this “locality” assumption is probably (...)
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  36.  17
    More interactions on the interactive brain.Martha J. Farah - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (3):521-523.
    The central claim of my original target article was a modest one (that modularity does not always hold) but it was misinterpreted as a much stronger one (that modularity never holds). Further confusions arose from multiple valid usages of the term and the similarity of the terms and Despite the limited nature of the claim, I maintain that it poses a stubborn problem for neuropsychology, not to be dispelled by new empirical methods or a priori reasoning.
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  37. Poverty, privilege and brain development: empirical findings and ethical implications.Martha J. Farah, Kimberly G. Noble & Hallam Hurt - 2005 - In Judy Illes (ed.), Neuroethics: Defining the Issues in Theory, Practice, and Policy. Oxford University Press UK.
  38. Poverty, privilege and the developing brain: empirical findings and ethical implications.Martha J. Farah, Kimberly G. Noble & Hurt & H. - 2005 - In Judy Illes (ed.), Neuroethics: Defining the Issues in Theory, Practice, and Policy. Oxford University Press UK.
  39.  17
    Semantic memory.Martha J. Farah & Murray Grossman - 2000 - In Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.), Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press. pp. 301.
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  40. Specialization within visual object recognition: Clues from prosopagnosia and alexia.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - In Martha J. Farah & Graham Ratcliff (eds.), Neuropsychology of High Level Vision: Collected Tutorial Essays : Carnegie Mellon Symposium on Cognition : Papers. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 133--146.
     
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  41.  26
    The distributed pineal gland.Martha J. Farah - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):209-209.
  42. The neural correlates of perceptual awareness: Evidence from Covert recognition in prosopagnosia.Martha J. Farah, R. C. O'Reilly & Shaun P. Vecera - 1997 - In Jonathan D. Cohen & Jonathan W. Schooler (eds.), Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  43. The neural correlates of perceptual awareness: Evidence from Covert recognition in prosopagnosia.Martha J. Farah, R. C. O'Reilly & Shaun P. Vecera - 1997 - In Jonathan D. Cohen & Jonathan W. Schooler (eds.), Scientific Approaches to Consciousness. Lawrence Erlbaum.
     
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  44.  30
    Neuropsychology of High Level Vision: Collected Tutorial Essays : Carnegie Mellon Symposium on Cognition : Papers.Martha J. Farah & Graham Ratcliff (eds.) - 1994 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This book provides a state-of-the-art review of high-level vision and the brain.
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  45.  20
    Visual object agnosia.Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg - 2000 - In Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.), Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press. pp. 117--122.
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  46.  10
    The cognitive neuroscience of the self: insights from functional neuroimaging of the normal brain.Seth J. Gillihan & Martha J. Farah - 2005 - In Todd E. Feinberg & Julian Paul Keenan (eds.), The Lost Self:Pathologies of the Brain and Identity: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity. Oxford University Press. pp. 20--32.
  47.  11
    Frontal lobes II: Cognitive issues.Daniel Y. Kimberg, Mark D'Esposito & Martha J. Farah - 2000 - In Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.), Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press. pp. 317--326.
  48. Neuroethics and the problem of other minds: Implications of neuroscience for the moral status of brain-damaged patients and nonhuman animals. [REVIEW]Martha J. Farah - 2008 - Neuroethics 1 (1):9-18.
    Our ethical obligations to another being depend at least in part on that being’s capacity for a mental life. Our usual approach to inferring the mental state of another is to reason by analogy: If another being behaves as I do in a circumstance that engenders a certain mental state in me, I conclude that it has engendered the same mental state in him or her. Unfortunately, as philosophers have long noted, this analogy is fallible because behavior and mental states (...)
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