Results for 'Marshall R. Mayberry'

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  1.  30
    Learning to Attend: A Connectionist Model of Situated Language Comprehension.Marshall R. Mayberry, Matthew W. Crocker & Pia Knoeferle - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (3):449-496.
    Evidence from numerous studies using the visual world paradigm has revealed both that spoken language can rapidly guide attention in a related visual scene and that scene information can immediately influence comprehension processes. These findings motivated the coordinated interplay account (Knoeferle & Crocker, 2006) of situated comprehension, which claims that utterance‐mediated attention crucially underlies this closely coordinated interaction of language and scene processing. We present a recurrent sigma‐pi neural network that models the rapid use of scene information, exploiting an utterance‐mediated (...)
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  2.  57
    How do Small and Medium Enterprises Go “Green”? A Study of Environmental Management Programs in the U.S. Wine Industry.Mark Cordano, R. Scott Marshall & Murray Silverman - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (3):463-478.
    In industries populated by small and medium enterprises, managers' good intentions frequently incur barriers to superior environmental performance (Tilley, Bus Strategy Environ 8:238-248, 1999). During the period when the U.S. wine industry was beginning to promote voluntary adoption of sound environmental practices, we examined managers' attitudes, norms, and perceptions of stakeholder pressures to assess their intentions to implement environmental management programs (EMP). We found that managers within the simple structures of these small and medium firms are responsive to attitudes, norms, (...)
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  3.  34
    He drove forward with a yell: anger in medicine and Homer.A. Bleakley, R. Marshall & D. Levine - 2014 - Medical Humanities 40 (1):22-30.
    We use Homer and Sun Tzu as a background to better understand and reformulate confrontation, anger and violence in medicine, contrasting an unproductive ‘love of war’ with a productive ‘art of war’ or ‘art of strategy’. At first glance, it is a paradox that the healing art is not pacific, but riddled with militaristic language and practices. On closer inspection, we find good reasons for this cultural paradox yet regret its presence. Drawing on insights from Homer's The Iliad and The (...)
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  4.  51
    Conceptualizing the International For-Profit Social Entrepreneur.R. Scott Marshall - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (2):183 - 198.
    This article looks at social entrepreneurs that operate for-profit and internationally, offering that international for-profit social entrepreneurs (IFPSE) are of a unique type. Initially, this article utilizes the entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, and international entrepreneurship literatures to develop a definition of the IFPSE. Next, a proposed model of the IFPSE is built utilizing the dimensions of mindset, opportunity recognition, social networks, and outcomes. Case studies of three IFPSE are then used to examine the proposed model. In the final section, findings from (...)
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  5.  14
    Misinterpretations of Réaumur's Description of Small Flies.Gerhard H. Müller & Marshall R. Wheeler - 1981 - Centaurus 25 (3):319-327.
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  6.  27
    Revive and Refuse: Capacity, Autonomy, and Refusal of Care After Opioid Overdose.Kenneth D. Marshall, Arthur R. Derse, Scott G. Weiner & Joshua W. Joseph - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (5):11-24.
    Physicians generally recommend that patients resuscitated with naloxone after opioid overdose stay in the emergency department for a period of observation in order to prevent harm from delayed sequelae of opioid toxicity. Patients frequently refuse this period of observation despiteenefit to risk. Healthcare providers are thus confronted with the challenge of how best to protect the patient’s interests while also respecting autonomy, including assessing whether the patient is making an autonomous choice to refuse care. Previous studies have shown that physicians (...)
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  7.  43
    Event-related potential indicators of the dynamic unconscious.Howard Shevrin, W. J. Williams, R. E. Marshall & Linda A. Brakel - 1992 - Consciousness and Cognition 1 (3):340-66.
    The present study applies a new method for investigating dynamic unconscious processes. The method consists of selection of words from patient interview and test protocols that in the clinicians' judgments capture the patients' conscious symptom experience and the hypothetical unconscious conflict related to the symptom, subliminal and supraliminal presentation of these words, signal analysis of event-related potentials obtained to the word presentations. Eight phobics and three patients suffering from pathological grief reactions served as subjects. A time-frequency ERP analysis revealed that (...)
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  8.  29
    Grammar and Christianity (C.M.) Chin Grammar and Christianity in the Late Roman World. Pp. 272. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008. Cased, £39, US$59.95. ISBN 978-0-8122-4035-. [REVIEW]R. M. A. Marshall - 2009 - The Classical Review 59 (2):491-.
  9.  15
    Why Do SMEs Go Green? An Analysis of Wine Firms in South Africa.Ralph Hamann, James Smith, Pete Tashman & R. Scott Marshall - 2017 - Business and Society 56 (1):23-56.
    Studies on why small and medium enterprises engage in pro-environmental behavior suggest that managers’ environmental responsibility plays a relatively greater role than competitiveness and legitimacy-seeking. These categories of drivers are mostly considered independent of each other. Using survey data and comparative case studies of wine firms in South Africa, this study finds that managers’ environmental responsibility is indeed the key driver in a context where state regulation hardly plays any role in regulating dispersed, rural firms. However, especially proactive firms are (...)
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  10. Public and Private Wrongs.R. A. Duff & Sandra Marshall - 2010 - In James Chalmers, Fiona Leverick & Lindsay Farmer (eds.), Essays in Criminal Law in Honour of Sir Gerald Gordon. Edinburgh: Edinburhg University Press. pp. 70-85.
    Gordon's emphasizes that the process of prosecution is crucial to the idea of crime. One who commits a public wrong is properly called to public account for it, and the criminal trial constitutes such a public calling to account. The state is the proper prosecutor of crimes: since a crime is ‘our’ wrong, rather than only the victim's wrong, it is appropriate that we should prosecute it, collectively. The case is not simply V the victim, or P the plaintiff, against (...)
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  11.  35
    Reporting Crimes and Arresting Criminals: Citizens’ Rights and Responsibilities Under Their Criminal Law.R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall - 2024 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 18 (2):557-577.
    Taking as its starting point Miri Gur-Arye’s critical discussion of a legal duty to report crime, this paper sketches an idealising conception of a democratic republic whose citizens could be expected to recognise a civic responsibility to report crime, in order to assist the enterprise of a criminal law that is their common law. After explaining why they should recognise such a responsibility, what its scope should be, and how it should be exercised, and noting that that civic responsibility must (...)
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  12.  24
    Criminalization: The Political Morality of Criminal Law.R. A. Duff, Lindsay Farmer, S. E. Marshall, Massimo Renzo & Victor Tadros (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    The fourth volume in the Criminalization series, this volume explores some of the most general principles and theories of criminalization. It includes not only philosophical work, but also historical, legal, and sociological investigations into criminalization, clarifying the state of the discipline today.
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  13.  39
    The Constitution of the Criminal Law.R. A. Duff, Lindsay Farmer, S. E. Marshall, Massimo Renzo & Victor Tadros (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    The third book in the Criminalization series examines the constitutionalization of criminal law. It considers how the criminal law is constituted through the political processes of the state; how the agents of the criminal law can be answerable to it themselves; and finally how the criminal law can be constituted as part of the international order.
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  14.  69
    Communicative punishment and the role of the victim.R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall - 2004 - Criminal Justice Ethics 23 (2):39-50.
  15.  56
    Crimes, Public Wrongs, and Civil Order.R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall - 2019 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 13 (1):27-48.
    The idea that crimes can usefully be understood as ‘public wrongs’, and that this can generate a plausible principle of criminalisation, has found some support in recent years; it has also been subjected to some sharp criticism. This paper aims to sketch the most plausible version of that idea, and to show how, once properly explained, it is not vulnerable to those criticisms. After a brief defence of the negative principle, that we may not criminalise conduct that does not constitute (...)
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  16.  60
    Camus and Rebellion: From Solipsism to Morality.R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall - 1982 - Philosophical Investigations 5 (2):116-134.
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  17.  42
    Is Criminal Law ‘Exceptional’?R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall - 2023 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 17 (1):39-48.
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  18. Beccaria's Contractarian Criminal Law : jurisdiction, punishments and rewards.R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall - 2022 - In Antje Du Bois-Pedain & Shaḥar Eldar (eds.), Re-reading Beccaria: on the contemporary significance of a penal classic. New York: Hart.
     
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  19. Beccaria's Contractarian Criminal Law : jurisdiction, punishments and rewards.R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall - 2022 - In Antje Du Bois-Pedain & Shaḥar Eldar (eds.), Re-reading Beccaria: on the contemporary significance of a penal classic. New York: Hart.
     
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  20.  31
    Criminal responsibility and public reason.R. A. Duff & S. E. Marshall - 2007 - In Michael D. A. Freeman & Ross Harrison (eds.), Law and Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  21.  22
    Informed Consent Practices in Nigeria.Patricia A. Marshall Emmanuel R. Ezeome - 2009 - Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):138-148.
    Most writing on informed consent in Africa highlights different cultural and social attributes that influence informed consent practices, especially in research settings. This review presents a composite picture of informed consent in Nigeria using empirical studies and legal and regulatory prescriptions, as well as clinical experience. It shows that Nigeria, like most other nations in Africa, is a mixture of sociocultural entities, and, notwithstanding the multitude of factors affecting it, informed consent is evolving along a purely Western model.Empirical studies show (...)
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  22. Learning sign language as a second language.R. Mayberry - 2006 - In Keith Brown (ed.), Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics. Elsevier. pp. 6--739.
     
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  23.  44
    Ethical Ideologies and Older Consumer Perceptions of Unethical Sales Tactics.Rosemary P. Ramsey, Greg W. Marshall, Mark W. Johnston & Dawn R. Deeter-Schmelz - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (2):191-207.
    Demographic differences among consumer groups have become increasingly important to the development of marketing strategies. Marketers depend heavily on the sales force to implement strategies at the consumer level and, not surprisingly, different groups may view the salesperson’s role differently. Unfortunately, unethical sales practices targeted at various consumer groups, and especially at seniors, have been utilized as well. The purpose of this study is to provide initial empirical evidence of the ethical ideological make-up of four age segments outlined by Strauss (...)
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  24.  11
    Genealogy and History in the Biblical World.Marshall D. Johnson & Robert R. Wilson - 1980 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 100 (3):357.
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  25. Definite Knowledge and Mutual Knowledge.Herbert H. Clark & Catherine R. Marshall - 1981 - In Aravind K. Joshi, Bonnie L. Webber & Ivan A. Sag (eds.), Elements of Discourse Understanding. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 10–63.
  26.  60
    Cultures' structures: Making meaning in the public sphere. [REVIEW]Marshall Battani, David R. Hall & Rosemary Powers - 1997 - Theory and Society 26 (6):781-812.
  27. The Mind and the Body as 'One and the Same Thing' in Spinoza.Colin R. Marshall - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (5):897-919.
    I argue that, contrary to how he is often read, Spinoza did not believe that the mind and the body were numerically identical. This means that we must find some alternative reading for his claims that they are 'one and the same thing'.
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  28.  20
    Using the Hands to Represent Objects in Space: Gesture as a Substrate for Signed Language Acquisition.Vikki Janke & Chloë R. Marshall - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  29.  63
    Informed consent practices in nigeria.Emmanuel R. Ezeome & Patricia A. Marshall - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):138-148.
    Most writing on informed consent in Africa highlights different cultural and social attributes that influence informed consent practices, especially in research settings. This review presents a composite picture of informed consent in Nigeria using empirical studies and legal and regulatory prescriptions, as well as clinical experience. It shows that Nigeria, like most other nations in Africa, is a mixture of sociocultural entities, and, notwithstanding the multitude of factors affecting it, informed consent is evolving along a purely Western model. Empirical studies (...)
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  30.  44
    Our Environmental Value Orientations Influence How We Respond to Climate Change.N. A. Marshall, L. Thiault, A. Beeden, R. Beeden, C. Benham, M. I. Curnock, A. Diedrich, G. G. Gurney, L. Jones, P. A. Marshall, N. Nakamura & P. Pert - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31. Queller’s separation condition explained and defended.Jonathan Birch & James A. R. Marshall - 2014 - American Naturalist 184 (4):531-540.
    The theories of inclusive fitness and multilevel selection provide alternative perspectives on social evolution. The question of whether these perspectives are of equal generality remains a divisive issue. In an analysis based on the Price equation, Queller argued (by means of a principle he called the separation condition) that the two approaches are subject to the same limitations, arising from their fundamentally quantitative-genetical character. Recently, van Veelen et al. have challenged Queller’s results, using this as the basis for a broader (...)
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  32.  32
    Fault-tolerant sampled-data mixed ℋ∞and passivity control of stochastic systems and its application.Maya Joby, R. Sakthivel, K. Mathiyalagan & S. Marshal Anthoni - 2016 - Complexity 21 (6):420-429.
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  33.  51
    From Gesture to Sign Language: Conventionalization of Classifier Constructions by Adult Hearing Learners of British Sign Language.Chloë R. Marshall & Gary Morgan - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (1):61-80.
    There has long been interest in why languages are shaped the way they are, and in the relationship between sign language and gesture. In sign languages, entity classifiers are handshapes that encode how objects move, how they are located relative to one another, and how multiple objects of the same type are distributed in space. Previous studies have shown that hearing adults who are asked to use only manual gestures to describe how objects move in space will use gestures that (...)
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  34. The Psychology and Philosophy of Natural Numbers.Oliver R. Marshall - 2017 - Philosophia Mathematica (1):nkx002.
    ABSTRACT I argue against both neuropsychological and cognitive accounts of our grasp of numbers. I show that despite the points of divergence between these two accounts, they face analogous problems. Both presuppose too much about what they purport to explain to be informative, and also characterize our grasp of numbers in a way that is absurd in the light of what we already know from the point of view of mathematical practice. Then I offer a positive methodological proposal about the (...)
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  35. Chapter nineteen k».Nigel R. Franks, Anna Dornhaus, James Ar Marshall & Francois-Xavier Dechaume Moncharmont - 2009 - In Juergen Gadau & Jennifer Fewell (eds.), Organization of Insect Societies: From Genome to Sociocomplexity. Harvard.
     
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  36.  10
    The dawn of a golden age in mathematical insect sociobiology.Nigel R. Franks, Anna Dornhaus, James Ar Marshall & F. X. Dechaume-Moncharmount - 2009 - In Juergen Gadau & Jennifer Fewell (eds.), Organization of Insect Societies: From Genome to Sociocomplexity. Harvard.
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  37.  32
    The functional anatomy of a hysterical paralysis.John C. Marshall, Peter W. Halligan, Gereon R. Fink, Derick T. Wade & Richard S. J. Frackowiak - 1997 - Cognition 64 (1):B1-B8.
  38.  24
    Punishment: A Philosophy and Public Affairs Reader.A. John Simmons, Marshall Cohen, Joshua Cohen & Charles R. Beitz (eds.) - 1994 - Princeton University Press.
    The problem of justifying legal punishment has been at the heart of legal and social philosophy from the very earliest recorded philosophical texts. However, despite several hundred years of debate, philosophers have not reached agreement about how legal punishment can be morally justified. That is the central issue addressed by the contributors to this volume. All of the essays collected here have been published in the highly respected journal Philosophy & Public Affairs. Taken together, they offer not only significant proposals (...)
  39. A challenge to current models of past tense inflection: The impact of phonotactics.Chloe R. Marshall & Heather K. J. van der Lely - 2006 - Cognition 100 (2):302-320.
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  40.  38
    Giaquinto on Acquaintance with Numbers.Oliver R. Marshall - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (1):43-55.
    Marcus Giaquinto claims that finite cardinal numbers are sensible properties, and that the smallest ones are known by acquaintance. In this paper I compare Giaquinto’s epistemology to the Russellian one with which it invites comparison, before showing how it is subject to a version of Jody Azzouni’s “epistemic role” objection. Then I argue that the source of this problem is Giaquinto’s misconception that numbers, like quantities, are sensible properties. Finally, I offer a sketch of a theory of how we grasp (...)
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  41.  8
    Interpersonal Influences on Body Representations in the Infant Brain.Ashley R. Drew, Andrew N. Meltzoff & Peter J. Marshall - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42.  30
    An ethical framework for automated, wearable cameras in health behavior research.Paul Kelly, Simon J. Marshall, Hannah Badland, Jacqueline Kerr, Melody Oliver, Aiden R. Doherty & Charlie Foster - unknown
    Technologic advances mean automated, wearable cameras are now feasible for investigating health behaviors in a public health context. This paper attempts to identify and discuss the ethical implications of such research, in relation to existing guidelines for ethical research in traditional visual methodologies. Research using automated, wearable cameras can be very intrusive, generating unprecedented levels of image data, some of it potentially unflattering or unwanted. Participants and third parties they encounter may feel uncomfortable or that their privacy has been affected (...)
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  43.  21
    Field-dependent carrier transport in non-crystalline semiconductors.J. M. Marshall & G. R. Miller - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 27 (5):1151-1168.
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  44.  51
    Spatial awareness: A function of the posterior parietal lobe?John C. Marshall, Gereon R. Fink, Peter W. Halligan & Giuseppe Vallar - 2002 - Cortex 38 (2):253-257.
  45.  12
    Innovative Legal Tools to Prevent Obesity.Edward R. Richards, Maile S. L. Shimabukuro, Susan Combs & Marshall W. Kreuter - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (s4):59-61.
  46.  10
    Innovative Legal Tools to Prevent Obesity.Edward R. Richards, Maile S. L. Shimabukuro, Susan Combs & Marshall W. Kreuter - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (s4):59-61.
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  47.  19
    Dax’s Case Redux: When Comes the End of the Day?Ashley R. Hurst, Dea Mahanes & Mary Faith Marshall - 2014 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 4 (2):171-177.
    Forty years after Dax Cowart fought to have his voice heard regarding his medical treatment, patient autonomy and rights are at the heart of patient care today. Yet, despite its centrality in patient care, the tension between a severely burned patient’s right to stop treatment and the physician’s role in saving a life has not abated. As this case study explores, barriers remain to hearing and respecting a patient’s treatment decisions. Dismantling these barriers involves dispelling the myths that burn patients (...)
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  48.  9
    Deficient Explicit Access to Phonological Representations Explains Phonological Fluency Difficulties in Greek Children With Dyslexia and/or Developmental Language Disorder.Maria Mengisidou & Chloë R. Marshall - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  49. Counting by Identity: A Reply to Liebesman.Oliver R. Marshall - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (2):385-390.
    David Liebesman argues that we never count by identity. He generalizes from an argument that we don't do so with sentences indicating fractions, or with measurement sentences on their supposed count readings. In response, I argue that measurement sentences aren't covered by the thesis that we count by identity, in part because they don't have count readings. Then I use the data to which Liebesman appeals, in his argument that we don't count by identity using measurement sentences, in order to (...)
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  50. Self, World, and Art: Metaphysical Topics in Kant and Hegel.Colin R. Marshall - 2016 - In Sally Sedgwick & Dina Emundts (eds.), Bewusstsein/Consciousness. De Gruyter. pp. 281-285.
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