40 found
Order:
See also
Mark K. Spencer
University of St. Thomas, Minnesota
  1. The Flexibility of Divine Simplicity.Mark K. Spencer - 2017 - International Philosophical Quarterly 57 (2):123-139.
    Contrary to many interpreters, I argue that Thomas Aquinas’s account of divine simplicity is compatible with the accounts of divine simplicity given by John Duns Scotus and Gregory Palamas. I synthesize their accounts of divine simplicity in a way that can answer the standard objections to the doctrine of divine simplicity more effectively than any of their individual accounts can. The three objections that I consider here are these: the doctrine of divine simplicity is inconsistent with distinguishing divine attributes, with (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  2.  10
    The Many Phenomenological Reductions and Catholic Metaphysical Anti-Reductionism.Mark K. Spencer - 2021 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 95 (3):367-388.
    While all phenomenologists aim to grasp the “things themselves,” they disagree about the best method for doing this and about what the “things themselves” are. Many metaphysicians, especially Catholic realists, reject phenomenology altogether. I show that many phenomenological methods are useful for reaching the goals of both phenomenology and realist metaphysics. First, I present a history of phenomenological methods, including those used by Scheler, Husserl, Merleau-Ponty, Heidegger, Marion, Kearney, Rocha, and others. Next, I consider two sets of challenges raised to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3.  88
    Activity, Identity, and God.W. Matthews Grant & Mark K. Spencer - 2015 - Studia Neoaristotelica 12 (2):5-61.
    Are all God’s activities identical to God? If not, which are identical to God and which not? Although it is seldom noticed, the texts of Aquinas (at least on the surface) suggest conflicting answers to these questions, giving rise to a diversity of opinion among interpreters of Aquinas. In this paper, we draw attention to this conflict and offer what we believe to be the strongest textual and speculative support for and against each of the main answers to these questions.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  4. The Personhood of the Separated Soul.Mark K. Spencer - 2014 - Nova et Vetera 12 (3).
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  5.  88
    Christologically Inspired, Empirically Motivated Hylomorphism.Timothy Pawl & Mark K. Spencer - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (1):137-160.
    In this paper we present the standard Thomistic view concerning substances and their parts. We then note some objections to that view. Afterwards, we present Aquinas’s Christology, then draw an analogy between the relation that holds between the Second Person and the assumed human nature, on the one hand, and the relation that holds between a substance whole and its substance parts, on the other. We then show how the analogy, which St. Thomas himself drew at points, is useful for (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6.  74
    A Reexamination of the Hylomorphic Theory of Death.Mark K. Spencer - 2010 - Review of Metaphysics 63 (4):843-870.
  7. Divine Causality and Created Freedom: A Thomistic Personalist View.Mark K. Spencer - 2016 - Nova et Vetera 14 (3).
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  8.  37
    Quantum Randomness, Hylomorphism, and Classical Theism.Mark K. Spencer - 2016 - Journal of Analytic Theology 4:147-170.
    According to certain interpretations of quantum mechanics, the behavior of some physical systems is random—that is, certain current states of physical systems are related to other current states and the set of possible future states in a probabilistic, rather than a deterministic, fashion. This account of physical systems seems to conflict with the claim that there is an omnipotent God—that is, a God Who can efficaciously bring about any logically possible creaturely state, and Who can cause efficacious secondary causes—and so (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  27
    Aristotelian Substance and Personalistic Subjectivity.Mark K. Spencer - 2015 - International Philosophical Quarterly 55 (2):145-164.
    Many personalists have argued that an adequate account of the human person must include an account of subjectivity as irreducible to anything objectively definable. The personalists contend that Aristotle lacks such an account and claim that he fails to meet three criteria that a theory of the human person must fulfill in order to have an account of subjectivity as irreducible. I show first that some later Aristotelians fulfill these criteria, and then that Aristotle himself also does so. He describes (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  19
    The One has the Many.Matthew Kirby & Mark K. Spencer - 2022 - International Philosophical Quarterly 62 (2):161-187.
    In an earlier paper, Mark Spencer synthesized three understandings of divine simplicity, arguing that the Thomist account can be enriched by Scotist and Palamite distinctions. After summarizing that earlier work, this paper builds upon it in four main ways. Firstly, it relates Scotus’ logical (diminished) univocity to Aquinas’ metaphysical analogy in language about God. Secondly, it explores the limits of univocity and the formal distinction as applied to the divine essence (in the Palamite sense), utilising the scientific metaphor of tomography. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  17
    Aesthetics.Mark K. Spencer - 2021 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 95 (2):357-362.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  15
    An Ethical Neoplatonism: Bonaventure and Levinas in Dialogue.Mark K. Spencer - 2011 - Quaestiones Disputatae 2 (1-2):248-262.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  78
    Abelard on Status and their Relation to Universals: A Husserlian Interpretation.Mark K. Spencer - 2011 - International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):223-240.
    The discussion of universals in Peter Abelard’s Logica ‘Ingredientibus’ has been interpreted in many ways. Of particular controversy has been the proper way to interpret his use of the term status. In this paper I offer an interpretation of status by comparing Abelard’s account of knowledge of universals to Edmund Husserl’s presentations of categorial and eidetic intuition. I argue that status is meant to be understood as something like an ideal object, in Husserl’s sense of the term. First, I present (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  7
    Beauty and Being in von Hildebrand and the Aristotelian Tradition.Mark K. Spencer - 2019 - Review of Metaphysics 73 (2):311-334.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  28
    Created Persons are Subsistent Relations.Mark K. Spencer - 2015 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 89:225-243.
    The recent Catholic philosophical tradition on the human person has tried to articulate the irreducibility of the human person to anything non-personal, and to synthesize all of the best of what has been said on the human person. Recently, a debate has arisen regarding the concrete existence and relationality of persons. I analyze these debates, and show how both sides of these debates can be synthesized into a view on which human persons are both subsistent beings and identical to certain (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  13
    Divine Beauty and Our Obligation to Worship God.Mark K. Spencer - 2020 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 94:153-169.
    Some recent philosophers of religion have argued that no divine attribute sufficiently grounds an obligation to worship God. I argue that divine beauty grounds this obligation. This claim is immune to the objections that have been raised to claims that other divine attributes ground this obligation, and can be upheld even if, for the sake of argument, those objections are granted. First, I give an account of what worship is. Second, I consider reasons for and against the claims that the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  12
    Divine Beauty and Our Obligation to Worship God.Mark K. Spencer - 2020 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 94:153-169.
    Some recent philosophers of religion have argued that no divine attribute sufficiently grounds an obligation to worship God. I argue that divine beauty grounds this obligation. This claim is immune to the objections that have been raised to claims that other divine attributes ground this obligation, and can be upheld even if, for the sake of argument, those objections are granted. First, I give an account of what worship is. Second, I consider reasons for and against the claims that the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  20
    Dietrich von Hildebrand’s Aesthetics and the Value of Modern Art.Mark K. Spencer - 2019 - Quaestiones Disputatae 10 (1):52-71.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  90
    Full Human Flourishing.Mark K. Spencer - 2007 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 81:193-204.
    Human ability to freely choose requires knowledge of human nature and the final end of man. For Aristotle, this end is happiness or full flourishing, whichinvolves various virtues. Modern scholarship has led to debate over which virtues are absolutely necessary. Taking into account the hierarchical nature of the soul and the fact that relationships with the divine and with others are necessary for human flourishing, it can be seen that human flourishing requires contemplation, phronesis and all the moral virtues, as (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  24
    Full Human Flourishing.Mark K. Spencer - 2007 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 81:193-204.
    Human ability to freely choose requires knowledge of human nature and the final end of man. For Aristotle, this end is happiness or full flourishing, whichinvolves various virtues. Modern scholarship has led to debate over which virtues are absolutely necessary. Taking into account the hierarchical nature of the soul and the fact that relationships with the divine and with others are necessary for human flourishing, it can be seen that human flourishing requires contemplation, phronesis and all the moral virtues, as (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  9
    Grace, Natura Pura, and the Metaphysics of Status.Mark K. Spencer - 2017 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 91:127-143.
    Christian Personalists have objected to Thomism’s claim that humans could have existed in a state of pure nature, on the grounds that this claim entails that historical states like grace do not give fundamental meaning to us, that these states are merely accidental, and that it led to modern secularism. I show that Thomism can affirm its traditional claims regarding grace and pure nature, while denying the first two implications, by developing the Thomistic metaphysics of status. In Thomism rightly understood (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  28
    Habits, Potencies, and Obedience.Mark K. Spencer - 2014 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 88:165-180.
    Thomistic hylomorphism holds that human persons are composed of matter and a form that is also a subsistent entity. Some object that nothing can be both a form and a subsistent entity, and some proponents of Thomistic hylomorphism respond that our experience, as described by phenomenology, provides us with evidence that this theory is true. Some might object that that would be more easily seen to be a good way to defend Thomistic hylomorphism if the scholastics themselves had provided such (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  6
    Percepción sensible y el florecimiento de la persona humana en von Hildebrand y las tradiciones aristotélicas.Mark K. Spencer - 2018 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 56:95-117.
    Phenomenologist Dietrich von Hildebrand argues that many properties of the material world only exist in relation to persons, that sense perception is not merely a bodily act, but a properly spiritual, personal act, and that our highest act is not purely intellectual but involves bodily sense perception. By his own assertion, his philosophy must be understood in the context of the Catholic philosophical tradition; here, I consider his account of the material world and of sense perception in comparison to two (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  32
    Survivalist, Platonist, Thomistic Hylomorphism: A Reply to Daniel De Haan and Brandon Dahm.Mark K. Spencer - 2020 - Quaestiones Disputatae 10 (2):177-184.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  10
    The Flexibility of Thomistic Metaphysical Principles: Byzantine Thomists, Personalist Thomists, and Jacques Maritain.Mark K. Spencer - 2022 - Studia Gilsoniana 11 (3):445-470.
    Thomistic metaphysics has been challenged on the grounds that its principles are inconsistent with our experiences of divine action and of our own subjectivity. Challenges of this sort have been raised by Eastern Christian thinkers in the school of Gregory Palamas and by contemporary Personalists; they propose alternative metaphysics to explain these experiences. Against these objections and against those Thomists who hold that Thomas Aquinas’ claims exclude Byzantine and Personalist metaphysics, I argue that Thomas’ metaphysical principles already have “flexibility” built (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26. The human person in the Consolation of philosophy.Mark K. Spencer - 2024 - In Michael Wiitala (ed.), Boethius' _Consolation of Philosophy_: A Critical Guide. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  57
    The Irreducibility of the Human Person: A Catholic Synthesis.Mark K. Spencer - 2022 - Washington, DC, USA: Catholic University of America Press.
    Catholic philosophical anthropologists have defended views of the human person on which we are not reducible to anything non-personal. For example, it is not the case that we are nothing but matter, souls, or parts of society. Nevertheless, most Catholic anthropologies have been reductionistic in other ways. Mark K. Spencer presents a philosophical portrait of human persons on which we are entirely irreducible to anything non-personal, by synthesizing claims from many strands of the Catholic tradition. These include Thomism, Scotism, phenomenology, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  19
    The Metaphysics of Justice: The Category of Artifacts and Free Cooperative Causality.Mark K. Spencer - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 61 (2):241-252.
  29.  15
    The Many Powers of the Human Soul.Mark K. Spencer - 2017 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 91 (4):719-753.
    Dietrich von Hildebrand is often seen as being at odds with the scholastics in his anthropology. I argue that he in fact uses scholastic principles when distinguishing the powers of the human soul, but he uses these principles to distinguish many more powers in our souls than the scholastics do. His expansion of the list of human powers both is supported by and safeguards his expanded metaphysics of given reality. I first consider the principles that the scholastics use in reasoning (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  27
    The Many Powers of the Human Soul.Mark K. Spencer - 2017 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 91 (4):719-753.
    Dietrich von Hildebrand is often seen as being at odds with the scholastics in his anthropology. I argue that he in fact uses scholastic principles when distinguishing the powers of the human soul, but he uses these principles to distinguish many more powers in our souls than the scholastics do. His expansion of the list of human powers both is supported by and safeguards his expanded metaphysics of given reality. I first consider the principles that the scholastics use in reasoning (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  31
    Transcendental Order in Suárez.Mark K. Spencer - 2013 - Studia Neoaristotelica 10 (2):157-195.
    Francisco Suárez’s account of the transcendentals in Disputationes Metaphysicae 3 has been noted by Aertsen, Courtine, Darge, and Sanz for its reductionism; Suárez argues that all proposed transcendentals reduce to unum, verum, and bonum. This scholarship overlooks a key feature of Suárez’s account. In addition to providing his own theory, Suárez also works out a meta-metaphysical framework with which it can be shown how any proposed metaphysical item, including those that do not fit into Suárez’s own theory, relates to Being; (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  6
    The Self Awakened.Mark K. Spencer - 2010 - Quaestiones Disputatae 1 (1):258-260.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  32
    Aquinas and Radical Orthodoxy: A Critical Inquiry, by Paul J. DeHart. Pp. xvi, 237, London/NY, Routledge, 2012, $125.00. [REVIEW]Mark K. Spencer - 2018 - Heythrop Journal 59 (3):615-616.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  12
    Analogical Identities: The Creation of the Christian Self—Beyond Spirituality and Mysticism in the Patristic Era. [REVIEW]Mark K. Spencer - 2021 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 95 (4):752-755.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  5
    Being Reconfigured. By Ian Leask, Pp. xv, 129, Newcastle‐upon‐Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011, $52.99. [REVIEW]Mark K. Spencer - 2018 - Heythrop Journal 59 (3):616-618.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  6
    Jacek Woroniecki. The Polish Christian Philosophy in the 20th Century. [REVIEW]Mark K. Spencer - 2020 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 25 (2):341-347.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  15
    The Metaphysical Presuppositions of Being‐in‐the‐World: A Confrontation between St. Thomas Aquinas and Martin Heidegger. By Caitlin Smith Gilson, NY, Continuum, 2010, $39.95. [REVIEW]Mark K. Spencer - 2018 - Heythrop Journal 59 (3):613-615.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  18
    The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Edited by Brian Davies and Eleonore Stump. Pp. xv, 589, Oxford University Press, 2012, $91.99. [REVIEW]Mark K. Spencer - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (2):426-427.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  17
    The Present Alone is Our Happiness: Conversations with Jeannie Carter and Arnold I. Davidson. By Pierre Hadot; translated by Marc Djaballah. Pp. xv, 191, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2009, $24.95. [REVIEW]Mark K. Spencer - 2014 - Heythrop Journal 55 (2):341-342.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  20
    The Rigor of Things: Conversations with Dan Arbib. By Jean-Luc Marion and Dan Arbib. Translated by Christina M. Gschwandtner. [REVIEW]Mark K. Spencer - 2018 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 92 (2):397-400.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark