Results for 'Mark E. Button'

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  1.  37
    Shame, Political Accountability, and the Ethical Life of Politics: Critical Exchange on Jill Locke’s Democracy and the Death of Shame and Mark E. Button’s Political Vices.Jill Locke & Mark E. Button - 2019 - Political Theory 47 (3):391-408.
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  2.  27
    Contract, Culture, and Citizenship: Transformative Liberalism From Hobbes to Rawls.Mark E. Button - 2008 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    "Explores the concept of the social contract and how it shapes citizenship. Argues that the modern social contract is an account of the ethical and cultural conditions upon which modern citizenship depends"--Provided by publisher.
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  3.  16
    Contract, Culture, and Citizenship: Transformative Liberalism From Hobbes to Rawls.Mark E. Button - 2010 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    The idea of the social contract has typically been seen in political theory as legitimating the exercise of governmental power and creating the moral basis for political order. Mark Button wants to draw our attention to an equally crucial, but seldom emphasized, role for the social contract: its educative function in cultivating the habits and virtues that citizens need to fulfill the promises that the social contract represents. In this book, he retells the story of social contract theory (...)
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  4.  9
    Accounting for Blind Sports: From Oedipus to Democratic Epistemology.Mark E. Button - 2011 - Political Theory 39 (6):695-723.
    This essay is concerned with the challenges that moral " blind spots " create for the presence and endurance of democratic virtues under conditions of pluralism. A moral blind spot refers to the occlusions in individual moral perceptions and the limits that circumscribe moral sympathies owing to our ineluctable partialities as socially embedded beings. Blind spots constitute a tragic feature of human perception and moral judgment that facilitate and undermine human agency at once. Yet, far more problematic from the perspective (...)
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  5.  12
    Review of mark E. Button, Contract, Culture, and Citizenship: Transformative Liberalism From Hobbes to Rawls[REVIEW]Anna Stilz - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (1).
  6.  32
    Political Vices. By Mark E.Button. Pp. xii, 228, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, £56.00. [REVIEW]Peter Admirand - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (6):932-933.
  7.  26
    Tweets and reactions: revealing the geographies of cybercrime perpetrators and the North-South divide.Suleman Lazarus & Mark Button - 2022 - CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 8 (1):1-8.
    How do tweets reflect the long-standing disparities between the northern and southern regions of Nigeria? This study presents a qualitative analysis of Twitter users' responses (n = 101,518) to the tweets of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) regarding the production and prosecution of cybercrime. The article uses postcolonial perspectives to shed light on the legacies of British colonial efforts in Nigeria, such as the amalgamation of the northern and southern protectorates in 1914. The results revealed significant discrepancies between (...)
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  8. Advantageous comparison: using Twitter responses to understand similarities between cybercriminals (“Yahoo Boys”) and politicians (“Yahoo men”).Suleman Lazarus, Mark Button & Afe Adogame - 2022 - Heliyon Journal 8 (11):1-10.
    This article is about the manifestations of similarities between two seemingly distinct groups of Nigerians: cybercriminals and politicians. Which linguistic strategies do Twitter users use to express their opinions on cybercriminals and politicians? The study undertakes a qualitative analysis of ‘engaged’ tweets of an elite law enforcement agency in West Africa. We analyzed and coded over 100,000 ‘engaged’ tweets based on a component of mechanisms of moral disengagement (i.e., advantageous comparison), a linguistic device. The results reveal how respondents defend the (...)
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  9.  59
    Indirect utility, justice, and equality in the political thought of David Hume.Mark E. Yellin - 2000 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 14 (4):375-389.
    Abstract Differing interpretations of the political thought of David Hume have tended to emphasize either conservative, gradualist elements similar to Burke or rationalist aspects similar to Hobbes. The concept of indirect utility as used by Hume reconciles these two approaches. Indirect utility is best illustrated by Hume's conception of justice, in contrast to his conception of benevolence, which yields direct benefits. This understanding of Hume's consequentialism also helps underscore certain egalitarian aspects of Hume's thought.
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  10.  32
    Vector Reliability: A new Approach to Epistemic Justification.Mark E. Wunderlich - 2003 - Synthese 136 (2):237-262.
    Critics of reliability theories of epistemic justificationoften claim that the `generality problem' is an insurmountabledifficulty for such theories. The generality problem is theproblem of specifying the level of generality at which abelief-forming process is to be described for the purposeof assessing its reliability. This problem is not asintractable as it seems. There are illuminating solutionsto analogous problems in the ethics literature. Reliabilistsought to attend to utilitarian approaches to choices betweeninfinite utility streams; they also ought to attend towelfarist approaches to social (...)
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  11.  72
    When Teachers Must Let Education Hurt: Rousseau and Nietzsche on Compassion and the Educational Value of Suffering.Mark E. Jonas - 2010 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 44 (1):45-60.
    Avi Mintz (2008) has recently argued that Anglo-American educators have a tendency to alleviate student suffering in the classroom. According to Mintz, this tendency can be detrimental because certain kinds of suffering actually enhance student learning. While Mintz compellingly describes the effects of educator’s desires to alleviate suffering in students, he does not examine one of the roots of the desire: the feeling of compassion or pity (used as synonyms here). Compassion leads many teachers to unreflectively alleviate student struggles. While (...)
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  12.  25
    Mendeleyev revisited.E. G. Marks & J. A. Marks - 2021 - Foundations of Chemistry 23 (2):215-223.
    Despite the periodic table having been discovered by chemists half a century before the discovery of electronic structure, modern designs are invariably based on physicists’ definition of periods. This table is a chemists’ table, reverting to the phenomenal periods that led to the table’s discovery. In doing so, the position of hydrogen is clarified.
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  13. Democracy and Association.Mark E. Warren, Nina Eliasoph, Amy Gutmann & John Ehrenberg - 2002 - Political Theory 30 (2):289-298.
  14.  38
    Infinitary intuitionistic logic from a classical point of view.Mark E. Nadel - 1978 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 14 (2):159-191.
  15.  33
    Plato's Anti‐Kohlbergian Program for Moral Education.Mark E. Jonas - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (2):205-217.
    Following Lawrence Kohlberg it has been commonplace to regard Plato's moral theory as ‘intellectualist’, where Plato supposedly believes that becoming virtuous requires nothing other than ‘philosophical knowledge or intuition of the ideal form of the good’. This is a radical misunderstanding of Plato's educational programme, however. While Plato claims that knowledge is extremely important in the initial stages of the moral development of young adults, he also claims that knowledge must be followed by a rigorous process of imitation and habituation. (...)
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  16.  52
    What should and should not be said: Deliberating sensitive issues.Mark E. Warren - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (2):163–181.
  17.  32
    A modern learning theory perspective on the etiology of panic disorder.Mark E. Bouton, Susan Mineka & David H. Barlow - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (1):4-32.
  18.  50
    Education for Epiphany: The Case of Plato's Lysis.Mark E. Jonas - 2015 - Educational Theory 65 (1):39-51.
    While a great deal has been written on Plato's Lysis in philosophy and philology journals over the last thirty years, nothing has been published on Lysis in the major Anglo-American philosophy of education journals during that time. Nevertheless, this dialogue deserves attention from educators. In this essay, Mark Jonas argues that Lysis can serve as a model for educators who want to move their students beyond mere aporia, but also do not want to dictate answers to students. Although the (...)
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  19. Missing the Mark: Sin and Its Consequences in Biblical Theology.Mark E. Biddle - 2005
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  20. Democracy and the State.Mark E. Warren - 2006 - In John S. Dryzek, Bonnie Honig & Anne Phillips (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Theory. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the logic that connects democracy to the state and argues that the functions of the state in enabling democracy are as important now and in the future as they have been in the past. It identifies the animating ideas and values of democracy and describes the ways in which these ideas are entwined with state power and the ways in which state institutions can become generative in ways that exceed the inherent limitations of the state's media of (...)
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  21.  18
    Saccadic response latency of children and adults to a target signaled by nontarget stimulus offset.Mark E. Cohen & Leonard E. Ross - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (5):369-371.
  22. Vector reliability: A new approach to epistemic justification.Mark E. Wunderlich - 2003 - Synthese 136 (2):237 - 262.
    Critics of reliability theories of epistemic justificationoften claim that the `generality problem' is an insurmountabledifficulty for such theories. The generality problem is theproblem of specifying the level of generality at which abelief-forming process is to be described for the purposeof assessing its reliability. This problem is not asintractable as it seems. There are illuminating solutionsto analogous problems in the ethics literature. Reliabilistsought to attend to utilitarian approaches to choices betweeninfinite utility streams; they also ought to attend towelfarist approaches to social (...)
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  23.  26
    Trying Creation: Scientific Disputes and Legal Strategies.Mark E. Herlihy - 1982 - Science, Technology and Human Values 7 (3):63-66.
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  24.  26
    The farmer, the hunter, and the census taker: three distinct views of animal behavior.Mark E. Borrello - 2010 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 32 (1).
  25. Persons, Person Stages, Adaptive Preferences, and Historical Wrongs.Mark E. Greene - 2023 - Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 9 (2):35-49.
    Let’s say that an act requires Person-Affecting Justification if and only if some alternative would have been better for someone. So, Lucifer breaking Xavier’s back requires Person-Affecting Justification because the alternative would have been better for Xavier. But the story continues: While Lucifer evades justice, Xavier moves on and founds a school for gifted children. Xavier’s deepest values become identified with the school and its community. When authorities catch Lucifer, he claims no Person-Affecting Justification is needed: because the attack set (...)
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  26.  31
    Knowledge of Federal Regulations for Mental Health Research Involving Prisoners.Mark E. Johnson, Christiane Brems, Aaron L. Bergman, Michael E. Mills & Gloria D. Eldridge - 2015 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 6 (4):12-18.
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  27.  42
    Finding Truth in ‘Lies’: Nietzsche’s Perspectivism and its Relation to Education.Mark E. Jonas & Yoshiaki M. Nakazawa - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (2):269-285.
    In his 2001 article ‘Teaching to Lie and Obey: Nietzsche on Education’, Stefan Ramaekers defends Nietzsche’s concept of perspectivism against the charge that it is relativistic. He argues that perspectivism is not relativistic because it denies the dichotomy between the ‘true’ world and the ‘seeming’ world, a dichotomy central to claims to relativism. While Ramaekers’ article is correct in denying relativistic interpretations of perspectivism it does not go far enough in this direction. In fact, the way Ramaekers makes his case (...)
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  28.  23
    ""The" Living Present" in its Phases and Profiles: a Phenomenology of Phenomenology Augmented by Stylistics.Mark E. Blum - 2009 - Philosophical Frontiers: A Journal of Emerging Thought 4 (1).
  29. Freedom and democracy in health care ethics: Is the cart before the horse?Mark E. Meaney - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (4):399-414.
     
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  30.  55
    Three Misunderstandings of Plato's Theory of Moral Education.Mark E. Jonas - 2016 - Educational Theory 66 (3):301-322.
    In this essay, Mark Jonas argues that there are three broadly held misconceptions of Plato's philosophy that work against his relevance for contemporary moral education. The first is that he is an intellectualist who is concerned only with the cognitive aspect of moral development and does not sufficiently emphasize the affective and conative aspects; the second is that he is an elitist who believes that only philosopher-kings can attain true knowledge of virtue and it is they who should govern (...)
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  31.  31
    Plato’s legacy: alive and well.Mark E. Jonas & Yoshiaki Nakazawa - 2023 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 57 (3):699-707.
    In this essay, we outline the central thesis of our recent book: A Platonic Theory of Moral Education: Cultivating Virtue in Contemporary Democratic Classrooms. We argue that the ethical, epistemological, political, and metaphysical doctrines typically attributed to Plato are not doctrines Plato holds, or at least are not doctrines that he holds in the way he is interpreted to have done. We claim that if we understand Plato’s relationship to these supposed doctrines better, we would discover that Plato’s views are (...)
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  32.  96
    Thinking in continua: Beyond the adaptive radiation metaphor.Mark E. Olson & Alfonso Arroyo-Santos - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (12):1337-1346.
    ‘‘Adaptive radiation’’ is an evocative metaphor for explosive evolutionary divergence, which for over 100 years has given a powerful heuristic to countless scientists working on all types of organisms at all phylogenetic levels. However, success has come at the price of making ‘‘adaptive radiation’’ so vague that it can no longer reflect the detailed results yielded by powerful new phylogeny-based techniques that quantify continuous adaptive radiation variables such as speciation rate, phylogenetic tree shape, and morphological diversity. Attempts to shoehorn the (...)
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  33.  18
    Nietzsche on Inequality, Education, and Human Flourishing.Mark E. Jonas - 2018 - In Ann Chinnery, Nuraan Davids, Naomi Hodgson, Kai Horsthemke, Viktor Johansson, Dirk Willem Postma, Claudia W. Ruitenberg, Paul Smeyers, Christiane Thompson, Joris Vlieghe, Hanan Alexander, Joop Berding, Charles Bingham, Michael Bonnett, David Bridges, Malte Brinkmann, Brian A. Brown, Carsten Bünger, Nicholas C. Burbules, Rita Casale, M. Victoria Costa, Brian Coyne, Renato Huarte Cuéllar, Stefaan E. Cuypers, Johan Dahlbeck, Suzanne de Castell, Doret de Ruyter, Samantha Deane, Sarah J. DesRoches, Eduardo Duarte, Denise Egéa, Penny Enslin, Oren Ergas, Lynn Fendler, Sheron Fraser-Burgess, Norm Friesen, Amanda Fulford, Heather Greenhalgh-Spencer, Stefan Herbrechter, Chris Higgins, Pádraig Hogan, Katariina Holma, Liz Jackson, Ronald B. Jacobson, Jennifer Jenson, Kerstin Jergus, Clarence W. Joldersma, Mark E. Jonas, Zdenko Kodelja, Wendy Kohli, Anna Kouppanou, Heikki A. Kovalainen, Lesley Le Grange, David Lewin, Tyson E. Lewis, Gerard Lum, Niclas Månsson, Christopher Martin & Jan Masschelein (eds.), International Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Springer Verlag. pp. 295-304.
    As recent policy debates demonstrate, schools in democratic societies are often under political and cultural pressure to equalize achievement among all students, even if it necessitates diverting resources from the most educationally advantaged to the least educationally advantaged. The assumption is that maximizing student potential is a zero-sum game, and the best way to increase achievement in the least advantaged group is to focus the majority of attention on their needs, even if it diminishes the potential of the most advantaged (...)
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  34.  47
    Money, Monetary Crisis, and the Doctrine of Being.Mark E. Meaney - 1995 - The Owl of Minerva 26 (2):149-169.
    Scholars who consider the relationship between Marx’s and Hegel’s scientific method often make a critical mistake. In the exposition of the manner in which Marx had made use of Hegel’s logic, they fail to consider the relationship between form and content in the logical progression of categories. They fail to comprehend the circular nature of scientific method, with its attending concepts of “dialectic” and Aufhebung.
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  35. Appetite, Reason, and Education in Socrates' 'City of Pigs'.Mark E. Jonas, Yoshiaki M. Nakazawa & James Braun - 2012 - Phronesis 57 (4):332-357.
    In Book II of the Republic, Socrates briefly depicts a city where each inhabitant contributes to the welfare of all by performing the role for which he or she is naturally suited. Socrates calls this city the `true city ' and the `healthy one'. Nearly all commentators have argued that Socrates' praise of the city cannot be taken at face value, claiming that it does not represent Socrates' preferred community. The point of this paper is to argue otherwise. The claim (...)
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  36. Drugs, drinks & morals.Mark E. Petersen - 1969 - [Salt Lake City]: Deseret Book Co..
  37.  26
    The new populism and the new Marxism.Mark E. Kann - 1983 - Theory and Society 12 (3):365-373.
  38.  27
    Error Reduction, Patient Safety and Institutional Ethics Committees.Mark E. Meaney - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (2):358-364.
    Institutional ethics committees remain largely absent from the literature on error reduction and patient safety. This paper attempts to fill the gap. Healthcare professionals are on the front lines in the defense against medical error, but the changes that are needed to reduce medical errors and enhance patient safety are cultural and systemic in nature. As noted in the Hastings Centers recent report, Promoting Patient Safety, the occurrence of medical error involves a complex web of multiple factors. Human misstep is (...)
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  39.  23
    Obadiah—Jonah—Micah in Canonical Context: The Nature of Prophetic Literature and Hermeneutics.Mark E. Biddle - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (2):154-166.
    A series of observations concerning the books of Obadiah, Jonah, and Micah raise questions about prophecy's very nature and pose the issues of definition and interpretation in a way that can help to address this problem for modern readers of biblical prophecy.
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  40.  18
    Otto Bauer and the Philosophy of Praxis – Then and Now.Mark E. Blum - 2016 - Historical Materialism 24 (2):245-261.
    Otto Bauer has emerged once more in the thought of Western Marxists. The dominant theoretical voice of the Austrian Social Democrats in the late Austrian-Hungarian Empire and the First Austrian Republic, Bauer was re-examined in the 1970s and ’80s as ‘the third way’ was being explored in European politics by Eurocommunists. Bauer again is being discussed in the twenty-first century as not only a European ‘third way’, but as a model for nations across the globe. Bauer’s vision theoretically as well (...)
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  41.  36
    Deliberation under nonideal conditions: A reply to Lenard and Adler.Mark E. Warren - 2008 - Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (4):656-665.
  42.  47
    Challenging Lockean liberalism in America: The case of Debs and hillquit.Mark E. Kann - 1980 - Political Theory 8 (2):203-222.
  43.  39
    Beyond the self-legislation model of democracy.Mark E. Warren - 2010 - Ethics and Global Politics 3 (1):47-54.
    James Bohman’s Democracy across borders aims to conceptualize transnational democracy. But it is more than that: Bohman begins to articulate a paradigm shift in how we conceive democracy in complex, pluralized, globalized contexts comprised of multiple, overlapping constituencies which often have broad extension in space and time. The paradigm shift is not Bohman’s alone: it has been some time in the making*two decades at least*and has multiple sources in contemporary theories of power, inclusion and exclusion, pluralism, deliberation, as well as (...)
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  44.  11
    Sustainable agriculture: a Christian ethic of gratitude.Mark E. Graham - 2005 - Cleveland: Pilgrim Press.
    This book . . . is an invitation to all Christians to begin constructing a food ethics; to the academic Christian ethicist, it presents an opportunity to join a discussion on a topic relevant in so many ways to the life of every American; to the Christian for whom the spark of the divine is detectable in the everyday life, it is a chance to begin making ethical sense out of something done every day for the entirety of one's natural (...)
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  45.  18
    How did parasitic worms evolve?Mark E. Viney - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (5):496-499.
    Nematodes are important parasites of humans and other animals. Nematode parasitism is thought to have evolved by free‐living, facultatively developing, arrested larvae becoming associated with animals, ultimately becoming parasites. The formation of free‐living arrested larvae of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is controlled by the environment, and involves dafachronic acid (DA) and transforming growth factor (TGF)‐β signalling. Recent data have shown that DA acid signalling plays a conserved role in controlling larval development in both free‐living and parasitic species. In contrast, TGF‐β (...)
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  46.  80
    Gratitude, Ressentiment, and Citizenship Education.Mark E. Jonas - 2011 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (1):29-46.
    Patricia White (Stud Philos Educ 18:43–52, 1999) argues that the virtue gratitude is essential to a flourishing democracy because it helps foster universal and reciprocal amity between citizens. Citizens who participate in this reciprocal relationship ought to be encouraged to recognize that “much that people do does in fact help to make communal civic life less brutish, pleasanter and more flourishing.” This is the case even when the majority of citizens do not intentionally seek to make civic life better for (...)
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  47.  15
    Plato’s dialogues to enhance learning and inquiry: exploring Socrates’ use of protreptic for student engagement.Mark E. Jonas - 2021 - British Journal of Educational Studies 69 (6):799-802.
  48. Designing Deliberative Democracy: The British Columbia Citizens' Assembly.Mark E. Warren & Hilary Pearse (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Is it possible to advance democracy by empowering ordinary citizens to make key decisions about the design of political institutions and policies? In 2004, the government of British Columbia embarked on a bold democratic experiment: it created an assembly of 160 near-randomly selected citizens to assess and redesign the province's electoral system. The British Columbia Citizens' Assembly represents the first time a citizen body has had the power to reform fundamental political institutions. It was an innovative gamble that has been (...)
     
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  49.  14
    Trends in American Agriculture.Mark E. Graham - 2004 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 14 (1):65-130.
  50.  30
    Interpretation as abduction.Jerry R. Hobbs, Mark E. Stickel, Douglas E. Appelt & Paul Martin - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 63 (1-2):69-142.
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