Results for 'Mark Cooper'

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  1.  20
    Postmetaphysical Thinking: Philosophical Essays.David E. Cooper, Jurgen Habermas & William Mark Hohengarten - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):572.
    This collection of Habermas's recent essays on philosophical topics continues the analysis begun in The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. In a short introductory essay, he outlines the sources of twentieth-century philosophizing, its major themes, and the range of current debates. The remainder of the essays can be seen as his contribution to these debates.Habermas's essay on George Herbert Mead is a focal point of the book. In it he sketches a postmetaphysical, intersubjective approach to questions of individuation and subjectivity. In (...)
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  2. The Importance of Health Co-Benefits Under Different Climate Policy Cooperation Frameworks.Mark Budolfson - 2021 - Environmental Research Letters 16 (5).
    Reducing greenhouse gas emissions has the 'co-benefit' of also reducing air pollution and associated impacts on human health. Here, we incorporate health co-benefits into estimates of the optimal climate policy for three different climate policy regimes. The first fully internalizes the climate externality at the global level via a uniform carbon price (the 'cooperative equilibrium'), thus minimizing total mitigation costs. The second connects to the concept of 'common but differentiated responsibilities' where nations coordinate their actions while accounting for different national (...)
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  3. Commercialization of the University and Problem Choice by Academic Biological Scientists.Mark H. Cooper - 2009 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 34 (5):629-653.
    Based on data from a survey of biological scientists at 125 American universities, this article explores how the commercialization of the university affects the problems academic scientists pursue and argues that this reorientation of scientific agendas results in a shift from science in the public interest to science for private goods. Drawing on perspectives from Bourdieu on how actors employ strategic practices toward the accumulation of social capital and acquire dispositional and perceptional tendencies that in turn recondition social structures, the (...)
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  4. Climate Change, Cooperation, and Moral Bioenhancement.Toby Handfield, Pei-hua Huang & Robert Mark Simpson - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (2):742-747.
    The human faculty of moral judgment is not well suited to address problems, like climate change, that are global in scope and remote in time. Advocates of ‘moral bioenhancement’ have proposed that we should investigate the use of medical technologies to make human beings more trusting and altruistic, and hence more willing to cooperate in efforts to mitigate the impacts of climate change. We survey recent accounts of the proximate and ultimate causes of human cooperation in order to assess the (...)
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  5.  46
    Business and Professional Ethics in Transitional Economies and Beyond: Considerations for the Insurance Industries of Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary. [REVIEW]Robert W. Cooper & Mark S. Dorfman - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (4):381 - 392.
    This paper examines several key aspects of the ethical environment facing the insurance industries of Poland, The Czech Republic and Hungary as they complete the transition from Communist insurance systems built upon state-owned monopolies to viable private domestic insurance markets, and then seek to harmonize their markets with the single insurance market of the European Union. Since many types of ethical problems encountered during the transition are unlikely to diminish significantly as a result of either privatization or regulation of the (...)
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  6. The Cooperative Gene: How Mendel's Demon Explains the Evolution of Complex Beings By Mark Ridley.D. S. Wilson - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (2):189-189.
  7.  18
    Computing the Meanings of Words in Reading: Cooperative Division of Labor Between Visual and Phonological Processes.Michael W. Harm & Mark S. Seidenberg - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (3):662-720.
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  8. The Inefficacy Objection to Consequentialism and the Problem with the Expected Consequences Response.Mark Budolfson - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (7):1711-1724.
    Collective action problems lie behind many core issues in ethics and social philosophy—for example, whether an individual is required to vote, whether it is wrong to consume products that are produced in morally objectionable ways, and many others. In these cases, it matters greatly what we together do, but yet a single individual’s ‘non-cooperative’ choice seems to make no difference to the outcome and also seems to involve no violation of anyone’s rights. Here it is argued that—contrary to influential arguments (...)
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  9. Physics Avoidance & Cooperative Semantics: Inferentialism and Mark Wilson’s Engagement with Naturalism Qua Applied Mathematics.Ekin Erkan - 2020 - Cosmos and History 16 (1):560-644.
    Mark Wilson argues that the standard categorizations of "Theory T thinking"— logic-centered conceptions of scientific organization (canonized via logical empiricists in the mid-twentieth century)—dampens the understanding and appreciation of those strategic subtleties working within science. By "Theory T thinking," we mean to describe the simplistic methodology in which mathematical science allegedly supplies ‘processes’ that parallel nature's own in a tidily isomorphic fashion, wherein "Theory T’s" feigned rigor and methodological dogmas advance inadequate discrimination that fails to distinguish between explanatory structures (...)
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  10. Morality is Fundamentally an Evolved Solution to Problems of Social Cooperation.Oliver Curry & Mark Alfano - forthcoming - Critique of Anthropology.
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  11.  57
    Varieties of Moral Motivation: Empirical Perspectives.Mark Alfano - forthcoming - In David Copp & Connie Rosati (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter examines three recent empirical approaches to the study of moral motivation: moral foundations theory, deep pragmatism, and morality-as-cooperation. All three approaches conceptualize moral motivation as a suite of desires, emotions, sentiments, dispositions, values, and relationships that move people to think, judge, and act in accordance with morality. Moral foundations theory posits five or six basic foundations: care, fairness, loyalty, authority, sanctity, and sometimes liberty. People are thought to be emotionally attuned to each foundation, though some are more sensitive (...)
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  12.  43
    The Inefficacy Objection to Consequentialism and the Problem with the Expected Consequences Response.Mark Budolfson - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176.
    Collective action problems lie behind many core issues in ethics and social philosophy—for example, whether an individual is required to vote, whether it is wrong to consume products that are produced in morally objectionable ways, and many others. In these cases, it matters greatly what we together do, but yet a single individual’s ‘non-cooperative’ choice seems to make no difference to the outcome and also seems to involve no violation of anyone’s rights. Here it is argued that—contrary to influential arguments (...)
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  13.  31
    Pro-Life Nurses and Cooperation in Abortion: Ordinary Care or Extraordinary Intervention?Mark S. Latkovic - 2004 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 4 (1):89-102.
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  14. Exploitation or Cooperation? The Political Basis of Regional Variation in the Italian Informal Economy.Mark R. Warren - 1994 - Politics and Society 22 (1):89-115.
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  15.  61
    What Value a Unicorn's Horn? : A Study of Archaeological Uniqueness and Value.Rachel Cooper, Mark Pollard & Robin Coningham - unknown
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  16.  16
    Metaphor by David E. Cooper[REVIEW]Mark Johnson - 1989 - Isis 80:567-568.
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  17.  12
    Metaphor. David E. Cooper.Mark Johnson - 1989 - Isis 80 (3):567-568.
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  18.  19
    The E(NK) Model: Extending the NK Model to Incorporate Gene‐by‐Environment Interactions and Epistasis for Diploid Genomes.Mark Cooper & Dean W. Podlich - 2002 - Complexity 7 (6):31-47.
  19. Games: Conflict, Competition, and Cooperation.David Blagden & Mark de Rond (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays from prominent public intellectuals collected in this volume reflect an array of perspectives on the spectrum of conflict, competition, and cooperation, as well as a wealth of expertise on how games manifest in the world, how they operate, and how social animals behave inside them. They include previously unpublished material by former Cabinet minister Sayeeda Warsi, the philosopher A. C. Grayling, legal scholar Nicola Padfield, cycling coach David Brailsford, former military intelligence officer Frank Ledwidge, neuro-psychologist Barbara J. Sahakian, (...)
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  20.  1
    A Model of Interfirm Cooperation in Life-Cycle Oriented Environmental Management.Mark Sharfman, Rex T. Ellington & Mark Meo - 1996 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 7:753-760.
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  21.  3
    Neural Networks: Test Tubes to Theorems.Leon N. Cooper, Mark F. Bear, Ford F. Ebner & Christopher Scofield - 1990 - In J. McGaugh, Jerry Weinberger & G. Lynch (eds.), Brain Organization and Memory. Guilford Press.
  22. Leon N. Cooper Mark F. Bear Ford F. Ebner Christopher Scofield.Christopher Scofield - 1990 - In J. McGaugh, Jerry Weinberger & G. Lynch (eds.), Brain Organization and Memory. Guilford Press. pp. 306.
     
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  23. Extending Bayesian Theory to Cooperative Groups: An Introduction to Indeterminate/Imprecise Probability Theories [IP] Also See Www.Sipta.Org.Teddy Seidenfeld & Mark Schervish - unknown
    Pi(AS) = Pi(A)Pi(S) for i = 1, 2. But the Linear Pool created a group opinion P3 with positive dependence. P3(A|S) > P3(A).
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  24.  15
    The Metaphysics of Justice: The Category of Artifacts and Free Cooperative Causality.Mark K. Spencer - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 61 (2):241-252.
  25. Competitive Altruism: A Theory of Reputation-Based Cooperation in Groups.Mark van Vugt, Gilbert Roberts & Hardy & Charlie - 2009 - In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  26.  4
    Semantic Memory Search and Retrieval in a Novel Cooperative Word Game: A Comparison of Associative and Distributional Semantic Models.Abhilasha A. Kumar, Mark Steyvers & David A. Balota - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (10):e13053.
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  27. Cooperative Feeding and Breeding, and the Evolution of Executive Control.Krist Vaesen - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (1):115-124.
    Dubreuil (Biol Phil 25:53–73, 2010b , this journal) argues that modern-like cognitive abilities for inhibitory control and goal maintenance most likely evolved in Homo heidelbergensis , much before the evolution of oft-cited modern traits, such as symbolism and art. Dubreuil’s argument proceeds in two steps. First, he identifies two behavioral traits that are supposed to be indicative of the presence of a capacity for inhibition and goal maintenance: cooperative feeding and cooperative breeding. Next, he tries to show that these behavioral (...)
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  28.  36
    Cooperation in a Complex World: The Role of Proximate Factors in Ultimate Explanations. [REVIEW]Kim Sterelny - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (4):358-367.
    Mayr’s distinction between proximate and ultimate explanation is justly famous, marking out a division of explanatory labor in biology. But while it is a useful heuristic in many cases, there are others in which proximate factors play an important role in shaping evolutionary trajectories, and in such cases, each project is sensitive to, and relevant to, the other. This general methodological claim is developed in the context of a discussion of human cooperation, and in particular, in a discussion on the (...)
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  29. Each Year Cognition is Obliged to Request the Help of a Certain Number of Guest Reviewers Who Assist in the Assessment of Manuscripts. Without Their Cooperation the Journal Would Not Be Able to Maintain its High Standards. We Are Happy to Be Able to Thank the Following People for Their Help in Refereeing Manuscripts During 1991.Terry Kit-Fong Au, William Badecker, Irving Biderman, Manfred Bierwisch, Paul Bloom, Mark Bornstein, Brian Byrne, Ruth Byrne, Patricia Cheng & Herbert H. Clark - 1992 - Cognition 43:195.
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  30. History of American Political Thought.John Agresto, John E. Alvis, Donald R. Brand, Paul O. Carrese, Laurence D. Cooper, Murray Dry, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Thomas S. Engeman, Christopher Flannery, Steven Forde, David Fott, David F. Forte, Matthew J. Franck, Bryan-Paul Frost, David Foster, Peter B. Josephson, Steven Kautz, John Koritansky, Peter Augustine Lawler, Howard L. Lubert, Harvey C. Mansfield, Jonathan Marks, Sean Mattie, James McClellan, Lucas E. Morel, Peter C. Meyers, Ronald J. Pestritto, Lance Robinson, Michael J. Rosano, Ralph A. Rossum, Richard S. Ruderman, Richard Samuelson, David Lewis Schaefer, Peter Schotten, Peter W. Schramm, Kimberly C. Shankman, James R. Stoner, Natalie Taylor, Aristide Tessitore, William Thomas, Daryl McGowan Tress, David Tucker, Eduardo A. Velásquez, Karl-Friedrich Walling, Bradley C. S. Watson, Melissa S. Williams, Delba Winthrop, Jean M. Yarbrough & Michael Zuckert - 2003 - Lexington Books.
    This book is a collection of secondary essays on America's most important philosophic thinkers—statesmen, judges, writers, educators, and activists—from the colonial period to the present. Each essay is a comprehensive introduction to the thought of a noted American on the fundamental meaning of the American regime.
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  31.  15
    Effect of Anodal tDCS on Cortical Activation During Response Preparation and Activation.Conley Alexander, Marquez Jodie, Wong Aaron, Cooper Patrick, Parsons Mark & Karayanidis Frini - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32.  3
    A Normative Framework for Sharing Information Online.Emily Sullivan & Mark Alfano - 2021 - In Carissa Veliz (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Digital Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    People have always shared information through chains and networks of testimony. It’s arguably part of what makes us human and enables us to live in cooperative communities with populations greater than the Dunbar number. The invention of the Internet and the rise of social media have turbo-charged our ability to share information. In this chapter, we develop a normative framework for sharing information online. This framework takes into account both ethical and epistemic considerations that are intertwined in typical cases of (...)
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  33. ASH, CJ, Categoricity in Hyperarithmetical Degrees BALDWIN, JT and HARRINGTON, L., Trivial Pursuit: Re-Marks on the Main Gap COOPER, SB and EPSTEIN, RL, Complementing Below Re-Cursively Enumerable Degrees.J. Steprans & S. Shelah - 1987 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 34:311.
  34.  6
    ASH, CJ, Categoricity in Hyperarithmetical Degrees (1) BALDWIN, JT and HARRINGTON, L., Trivial Pursuit: Re-Marks on the Main Gap (3) COOPER, SB and EPSTEIN, RL, Complementing Below Re-Cursively Enumerable Degrees (1). [REVIEW]Rl Epstein - 1987 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 34 (1):311.
  35.  14
    The Role of Arterial Pulsatility and White Matter Microstructure in Age-Related Cognitive Decline.Jolly Todd, Michie Patricia, Bateman Grant, Fulham William, Cooper Patrick, Levi Christopher, Parsons Mark & Karayanidis Frini - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  36. Status of Cacao (Theobroma Cacao L.) Production on its Challenges and Prospect in Zamboanga Del Norte Province in the Philippines.Mark Patalinghug - 2022 - International Journal of Agricultural Technology 18 (3):1075-1092.
    Examining the status of cacao production, challenges, and prospects of cacao farmersin Zamboanga del Norte province were done in this study. The investigation revealed that cacaofarming was practiced by males (244 or 65.10%) and female cacao farmers (34%) who areprimarily married with secondary educational backgrounds. Most cacao farmers were theirproductive age ranging from 50-59 years old (42.93%), 40-49 years old (34.4%). However,fewer young people engaged in cacao farming aged below 40 years old (7.46%). The primaryoccupation of the respondents was farming (...)
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  37.  53
    E-Care as Craftsmanship: Virtuous Work, Skilled Engagement, and Information Technology in Health Care.Mark Coeckelbergh - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):807-816.
    Contemporary health care relies on electronic devices. These technologies are not ethically neutral but change the practice of care. In light of Sennett's work and that of other thinkers one worry is that "e-care"aEuro"care by means of new information and communication technologies-does not promote skilful and careful engagement with patients and hence is neither conducive to the quality of care nor to the virtues of the care worker. Attending to the kinds of knowledge involved in care work and their moral (...)
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  38.  2
    Framing of Sustainable Agricultural Practices by the Farming Press and its Effect on Adoption.Niki A. Rust, Rebecca M. Jarvis, Mark S. Reed & Julia Cooper - 2021 - Agriculture and Human Values 38 (3):753-765.
    There is growing political pressure for farmers to use more sustainable agricultural practices to protect people and the planet. The farming press could encourage farmers to adopt sustainable practices through its ability to manipulate discourse and spread awareness by changing the salience of issues or framing topics in specific ways. We sought to understand how the UK farming press framed sustainable agricultural practices and how the salience of these practices changed over time. We combined a media content analysis of the (...)
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  39.  6
    Credit Cooperatives in Early Israeli Statehood: Financial Institutions and Social Transformation.Neta Ziv - 2010 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 11 (1):209-246.
    In 1948, when the State of Israel was founded, 125,000 people were members of credit cooperative societies, which provided over 20 percent of all market financing. For several years this number continued to rise, reaching a total of 250,000 members in more than 100 credit cooperative societies. Credit associations — part of the thriving cooperative movement of early Zionism — symbolized the attempt to create a new and just Jewish society by fusing socialist and capitalist ideals. From the mid-1950s, however, (...)
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  40. A Civil Tongue: Justice, Dialogue, and the Politics of Pluralism.Mark Kingwell - 1994 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    This book is about a widely shared desire: the desire among citizens for a vibrant and effective social discourse of legitimation. It therefore begins with the conviction that what political philosophy can provide citizens is not further theories of the good life but instead directions for talking about how to justify the choices they make—or, in brief, "just talking." As part of the general trend away from the aridity of Kantian universalism in political philosophy, thinkers as diverse as Bruce Ackerman, (...)
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  41. The Propositional Logic of Ordinary Discourse.William S. Cooper - 1968 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 11 (1-4):295 – 320.
    The logical properties of the 'if-then' connective of ordinary English differ markedly from the logical properties of the material conditional of classical, two-valued logic. This becomes apparent upon examination of arguments in conversational English which involve (noncounterfactual) usages of if-then'. A nonclassical system of propositional logic is presented, whose conditional connective has logical properties approximating those of 'if-then'. This proposed system reduces, in a sense, to the classical logic. Moreover, because it is equivalent to a certain nonstandard three-valued logic, its (...)
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  42.  40
    Organizational Trust: A Cultural Perspective.Mark Saunders (ed.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: List of figures; List of tables; Editors; Contributors; Editors' acknowledgements; Part I. The Conceptual Challenge of Researching Trust Across Different 'Cultural Spheres': 1. Introduction: unraveling the complexities of trust and culture Graham Dietz, Nicole Gillespie and Georgia Chao; 2. Trust differences across national-societal cultures: much to do or much ado about nothing? Donald L. Ferrin and Nicole Gillespie; 3. Towards a context-sensitive approach to researching trust in inter-organizational relationships Reinhard Bachmann; 4. Making sense of trust across (...)
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  43.  10
    Motor Processes in Mental Rotation.Mark Wexler, Stephen M. Kosslyn & Alain Berthoz - 1998 - Cognition 68 (1):77-94.
    Much indirect evidence supports the hypothesis that transformations of mental images are at least in part guided by motor processes, even in the case of images of abstract objects rather than of body parts. For example, rotation may be guided by processes that also prime one to see results of a specific motor action. We directly test the hypothesis by means of a dual-task paradigm in which subjects perform the Cooper-Shepard mental rotation task while executing an unseen motor rotation (...)
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  44.  25
    Imagination and Principles: An Essay on the Role of Imagination in Moral Reasoning.Mark Coeckelbergh - 2007 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    What does it mean to say that imagination plays a role in moral reasoning, and what are the theoretical and practical implications? Engaging with three traditions in moral theory and confronting them with three contexts of moral practice, this book offers a more comprehensive framework to think about these questions. The author develops an argument about the relation between imagination and principles that moves beyond competition metaphors and center-periphery schemas. He shows that both cooperate and are equally necessary to cope (...)
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  45.  34
    Hormonal Mechanisms for Regulation of Aggression in Human Coalitions.Mark V. Flinn, Davide Ponzi & Michael P. Muehlenbein - 2012 - Human Nature 23 (1):68-88.
    Coalitions and alliances are core aspects of human behavior. All societies recognize alliances among communities, usually based in part on kinship and marriage. Aggression between groups is ubiquitous, often deadly, fueled by revenge, and can have devastating effects on general human welfare. Given its significance, it is surprising how little we know about the neurobiological and hormonal mechanisms that underpin human coalitionary behavior. Here we first briefly review a model of human coalitionary behavior based on a process of runaway social (...)
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  46. Cooperation in Interpreter-Mediated Monologic Talk.Jemina Napier - 2007 - Discourse and Communication 1 (4):407-432.
    Discourse-based interpreting research has determined that interpreters are participants within interaction. Grice established that conversation participants conform to a cooperative principle. With respect to interpreting, what is the cooperative principle? How do sign language interpreters and deaf people work together to negotiate meaning in interpretation? The aim of this article is to present a case study of a deaf presenter and two sign language interpreters and evidence of their strategies for cooperation in interpreter-mediated monologic talk. Drawing on a framework of (...)
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  47.  15
    Having a Sense of Humor as a Virtue.Mark Alfano, Mandi Astola & Paula Urbanowicz - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry.
    Could having a sense of humor be a virtue? In this paper, we argue for an affirmative answer to this question. Like other virtues, a sense of humor enhances and inhibits the expression of various emotions, especially amusement, contempt, trust, and hope. Someone possesses a virtuous sense of humor to the extent that they are well-disposed to appropriately enhance or inhibit these emotions in themselves and others through both embodied reactions (e.g., smiling, laughter, eyerolls) and language (e.g., telling jokes, understanding (...)
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  48.  54
    Free‐Market Versus Libertarian Environmentalism.Mark Sagoff - 1992 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 6 (2-3):211-230.
    Libertarians favor a free market for intrinsic reasons: it embodies liberty, accountability, consent, cooperation, and other virtues. Additionally, if property rights against trespasses such as pollution are enforced and if public lands are transferred as private property to environmental groups, a free market may also protect the environment. In contrast, Terry Anderson and Donald Leal's Free Market Environmentalism favors a free market solely on instrumental grounds: markets allocate resources efficiently. The authors apparently follow cost?benefit planners in endorsing a specious tautology (...)
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  49.  53
    Patient Autonomy and the Challenge of Clinical Uncertainty.Mark Parascandola, Jennifer Hawkins & Marion Danis - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (3):245-264.
    : Bioethicists have articulated an ideal of shared decision making between physician and patient, but in doing so the role of clinical uncertainty has not been adequately confronted. In the face of uncertainty about the patient's prognosis and the best course of treatment, many physicians revert to a model of nondisclosure and nondiscussion, thus closing off opportunities for shared decision making. Empirical studies suggest that physicians find it more difficult to adhere to norms of disclosure in situations where there is (...)
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  50.  61
    The Epistemology of Communitarian Bioethics:Traditions in the Public Debates.Mark G. Kuczewski - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (2):135-150.
    I consider the problem liberalism poses for bioethics.Liberalism is a view that advocates that the state remain neutralto views of the good life. This view is sometimes supported by askeptical moral epistemology that tends to propel liberalismtoward libertarianism. I argue that the possibilities for sharedagreement on moral matters are more promising than is sometimesappreciated by such a view of liberalism. Using two examples ofpublic debates of moral issues, I show that commonly sharedintuitions may ground moral principles even if they may (...)
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