31 found
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  1.  45
    The time course of perceptual choice: The leaky, competing accumulator model.Marius Usher & James L. McClelland - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (3):550-592.
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  2. We See More Than We Can Report “Cost Free” Color Phenomenality Outside Focal Attention.Zohar Z. Bronfman, Noam Brezis, Hilla Jacobson & Marius Usher - 2014 - Psychological Science 25 (7):1394-1403.
    The distinction between access consciousness and phenomenal consciousness is a subject of intensive debate. According to one view, visual experience overflows the capacity of the attentional and working memory system: We see more than we can report. According to the opposed view, this perceived richness is an illusion—we are aware only of information that we can subsequently report. This debate remains unresolved because of the inevitable reliance on report, which is limited in capacity. To bypass this limitation, this study utilized (...)
     
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  3. A statistical referential theory of content: Using information theory to account for misrepresentation.Marius Usher - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (3):331-334.
    A naturalistic scheme of primitive conceptual representations is proposed using the statistical measure of mutual information. It is argued that a concept represents, not the class of objects that caused its tokening, but the class of objects that is most likely to have caused it (had it been tokened), as specified by the statistical measure of mutual information. This solves the problem of misrepresentation which plagues causal accounts, by taking the representation relation to be determined via ordinal relationships between conditional (...)
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  4.  75
    Causal Responsibility and Robust Causation.Guy Grinfeld, David Lagnado, Tobias Gerstenberg, James F. Woodward & Marius Usher - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11:1069.
    How do people judge the degree of causal responsibility that an agent has for the outcomes of her actions? We show that a relatively unexplored factor -- the robustness of the causal chain linking the agent’s action and the outcome -- influences judgments of causal responsibility of the agent. In three experiments, we vary robustness by manipulating the number of background circumstances under which the action causes the effect, and find that causal responsibility judgments increase with robustness. In the first (...)
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  5.  11
    Loss Aversion and Inhibition in Dynamical Models of Multialternative Choice.Marius Usher & James L. McClelland - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (3):757-769.
  6. Impoverished or rich consciousness outside attentional focus: Recent data tip the balance for Overflow.Zohar Z. Bronfman, Hilla Jacobson & Marius Usher - 2019 - Mind and Language 34 (4):423-444.
    The question of whether conscious experience is restricted by cognitive access and exhausted by report, or whether it overflows it—comprising more information than can be reported—is hotly debated. Recently, we provided evidence in favor of Overflow, showing that observers discriminated the color‐diversity (CD) of letters in an array, while their working‐memory and attention were dedicated to encoding and reporting a set of cued letters. An alternative interpretation is that CD‐discriminations do not entail conscious experience of the underlying colors. Here we (...)
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  7. Agency, Teleological Control and Robust Causation.Marius Usher - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 100 (2):302-324.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  8.  25
    The Demise of Short-Term Memory Revisited: Empirical and Computational Investigations of Recency Effects.Eddy J. Davelaar, Yonatan Goshen-Gottstein, Amir Ashkenazi, Henk J. Haarmann & Marius Usher - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):3-42.
  9.  15
    Task conflict and proactive control: A computational theory of the Stroop task.Eyal Kalanthroff, Eddy J. Davelaar, Avishai Henik, Liat Goldfarb & Marius Usher - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (1):59-82.
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  10.  17
    Disentangling decision models: From independence to competition.Andrei R. Teodorescu & Marius Usher - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (1):1-38.
  11.  19
    Preference reversal in multiattribute choice.Konstantinos Tsetsos, Marius Usher & Nick Chater - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1275-1291.
  12.  8
    A Statistical Referential Theory of Content: Using Information Theory to Account for Misrepresentation.Marius Usher - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (3):311-334.
    A naturalistic scheme of primitive conceptual representations is proposed using the statistical measure of mutual information. It is argued that a concept represents, not the class of objects that caused its tokening, but the class of objects that is most likely to have caused it (had it been tokened), as specified by the statistical measure of mutual information. This solves the problem of misrepresentation which plagues causal accounts, by taking the representation relation to be determined via ordinal relationships between conditional (...)
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  13.  28
    Refuting the unfolding-argument on the irrelevance of causal structure to consciousness.Marius Usher - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 95 (C):103212.
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  14.  14
    Examining the mechanisms underlying contextual preference reversal: Comment on Trueblood, Brown, and Heathcote (2014).Konstantinos Tsetsos, Nick Chater & Marius Usher - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (4):838-847.
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  15.  50
    Control, Choice, and the Convergence/Divergence Dynamics.Marius Usher - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (4):188-213.
  16.  5
    Integration to boundary in decisions between numerical sequences.Moshe Glickman & Marius Usher - 2019 - Cognition 193:104022.
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  17.  29
    Neural mechanism for the magical number 4: Competitive interactions and nonlinear oscillation.Marius Usher, Jonathan D. Cohen, Henk Haarmann & David Horn - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):151-152.
    The aim of our commentary is to strengthen Cowan's proposal for an inherent capacity limitation in STM by suggesting a neurobiological mechanism based on competitive networks and nonlinear oscillations that avoids some of the shortcomings of the scheme discussed in the target article (Lisman & Idiart 1995).
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  18.  25
    The neurodynamics of choice, value-based decisions, and preference reversal.Marius Usher, Anat Elhalal & James L. McClelland - 2008 - In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 277--300.
  19.  15
    Short-term memory after all: Comment on Sederberg, Howard, and Kahana (2008).Marius Usher, Eddy J. Davelaar, Henk J. Haarmann & Yonatan Goshen-Gottstein - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):1108-1116.
  20.  17
    The role of the frontal cortex in memory: an investigation of the Von Restorff effect.Anat Elhalal, Eddy J. Davelaar & Marius Usher - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  21.  28
    A Neural Network Model for Attribute‐Based Decision Processes.Marius Usher & Dan Zakay - 1993 - Cognitive Science 17 (3):349-396.
    We propose a neural model of multiattribute-decision processes, based on an attractor neural network with dynamic thresholds. The model may be viewed as a generalization of the elimination by aspects model, whereby simultaneous selection of several aspects is allowed. Depending on the amount of synaptic inhibition, various kinds of scanning strategies may be performed, leading in some cases to vacillations among the alternatives. The model predicts that decisions of a longer time duration exhibit a lower violation of the simple scalability (...)
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  22.  17
    Value certainty in drift-diffusion models of preferential choice.Douglas G. Lee & Marius Usher - 2023 - Psychological Review 130 (3):790-806.
  23.  14
    A PDP approach to set size effects within the Stroop task: Reply to Kanne, Balota, Spieler, and Faust (1998).Jonathan D. Cohen, Marius Usher & James L. McClelland - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (1):188-194.
  24.  10
    Postscript: Through TCM, STM shines bright.Eddy J. Davelaar, Marius Usher, Henk J. Haarmann & Yonatan Goshen-Gottstein - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):1116-1118.
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  25.  23
    Parallel attentive processing and pre-attentive guidance.Hermann J. Müller, Heinrich René Liesefeld, Rani Moran & Marius Usher - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  26.  10
    An appeal against the item's death sentence: Accounting for diagnostic data patterns with an item-based model of visual search.Rani Moran, Heinrich René Liesefeld, Marius Usher & Hermann J. Müller - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  27.  16
    'Tis all in pieces (separate RFs and CFs), all coherence gone.Ernst Neibur & Marius Usher - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):693-694.
    We argue that the separation between CF (contextual field) and RF (receptive field) in relation to the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) system is empirically questionable and that it is functionally unnecessary. In addition, the proposed suppression of unexpected information will in many cases be counterproductive.
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  28.  92
    Comment on Ryder's SINBAD neurosemantics: Is teleofunction isomorphism the way to understand representations?Marius Usher - 2004 - Mind and Language 19 (2):241-248.
    The merit of the SINBAD model is to provide an explicit mechanism showing how the cortex may come to develop detectors responding to correlated properties and therefore corresponding to the sources of these correlations. Here I argue that, contrary to the article, SINBAD neurosemantics does not need to rely on teleofunctions to solve the problem of misrepresentation. A number of difficulties for the teleofunction theories of content are reviewed and an alternative theory based on categorization performance and statistical relations is (...)
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  29.  24
    Dynamics of decision-making: from evidence accumulation to preference and belief.Marius Usher, Konstantinos Tsetsos, Erica C. Yu & David A. Lagnado - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  30.  6
    Postscript: Contrasting predictions for preference reversal.Marius Usher, Konstantinos Tsetsos & Nick Chater - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1291-1293.
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  31. The neurodynamics of choice, value-based decisions and preference reversal.Marius Usher, Anat Elhalal & McClelland & L. James - 2008 - In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press.
     
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