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Mario De Caro
Tufts University
  1. Phronesis as Ethical Expertise: Naturalism of Second Nature and the Unity of Virtue.Mario De Caro, Maria Silvia Vaccarezza & Ariele Niccoli - 2018 - Journal of Value Inquiry 52 (3):287-305.
    This paper has a twofold aim. On the one hand, we will discuss the much debated question of the source of normativity (which traditionally has nature and practical reason as the two main contenders to this role) and propose a new answer to it. Second, in answering this question, we will present a new account of practical wisdom, which conceives of the ethical virtues as ultimately unified in the chief virtue of phronesis, understood as ethical expertise. To do so, we (...)
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  2. Naturalism and Normativity.Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Normativity concerns what we ought to think or do and the evaluations we make. For example, we say that we ought to think consistently, we ought to keep our promises, or that Mozart is a better composer than Salieri. Yet what philosophical moral can we draw from the apparent absence of normativity in the scientific image of the world? For scientific naturalists, the moral is that the normative must be reduced to the nonnormative, while for nonnaturalists, the moral is that (...)
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  3.  11
    Naturalism In Question.Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Today most philosophers in the English-speaking world adhere to “naturalist” credos that philosophy is continuous with science, and that the natural sciences provide a complete account of all that exists. This volume presents a group of leading thinkers who criticize scientific naturalism in order to defend a more inclusive or liberal naturalism.
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  4. Introduction - the nature of naturalism.David Macarthur & Mario De Caro - 2004 - In Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism in Question. Harvard University Press. pp. 1-20.
    The critical concern of the present volume is contemporary naturalism, both in its scientific version and as represented by newly emerging hopes for another, philosophically more liberal, naturalism.1 The papers collected here are state-of-the-art discussions that question the appeal, rational motivations, and presuppositions of scientific naturalism across a broad range of philosophical topics. As an alternative to scientific naturalism, we offer the outlines of a new non- reductive form of naturalism and a more inclusive conception of nature than any provided (...)
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  5.  45
    Why Practical Wisdom Cannot be Eliminated.Mario De Caro, Claudia Navarini & Maria Silvia Vaccarezza - forthcoming - Topoi:1-16.
    Practical wisdom eliminativism has recently been proposed in both philosophy and psychology, on the grounds of the alleged redundancy of practical wisdom (Miller 2021 ) and its purported developmental/psychological implausibility (Lapsley 2021 ). Here we respond to these challenges by drawing on an improved version of a view of practical wisdom, the “Aretai model”, that we have presented elsewhere (De Caro et al. 2021 ; Vaccarezza et al. 2023 ; De Caro et al. forthcoming ). According to this model, practical (...)
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  6. Naturalism in question.Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    This volume presents a group of leading thinkers who criticize scientific naturalism not in the name of some form of supernaturalism, but in order to defend a ...
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  7.  52
    The Routledge Handbook of Liberal Naturalism.Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.) - 2022 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This is the first collection to present a comprehensive overview of liberal naturalism. Essential reading for students and researchers in all areas of philosophy it will be of particular interest for those studying philosophical naturalism, philosophy of science, metaphysics, philosophy of mind and ethics.
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  8. Is liberal naturalism possible?Mario de Caro & Alberto Voltolini - 2010 - In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press. pp. 69-86.
     
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  9.  43
    Realism, Common Sense, and Science.Mario De Caro - 2015 - The Monist 98 (2):197-214.
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  10. Introduction: Science, naturalism, and the problem of normativity.Mario de Caro & David Macarthur - 2010 - In Mario de Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism and Normativity. Columbia University Press.
     
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  11. Not so fast. On some bold neuroscientific claims concerning human agency.Andrea Lavazza & Mario De Caro - 2009 - Neuroethics 3 (1):23-41.
    According to a widespread view, a complete explanatory reduction of all aspects of the human mind to the electro-chemical functioning of the brain is at hand and will certainly produce vast and positive cultural, political and social consequences. However, notwithstanding the astonishing advances generated by the neurosciences in recent years for our understanding of the mechanisms and functions of the brain, the application of these findings to the specific but crucial issue of human agency can be considered a “pre-paradigmatic science” (...)
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  12.  51
    Artificial Intelligence and Autonomy: On the Ethical Dimension of Recommender Systems.Sofia Bonicalzi, Mario De Caro & Benedetta Giovanola - 2023 - Topoi 42 (3):819-832.
    Feasting on a plethora of social media platforms, news aggregators, and online marketplaces, recommender systems (RSs) are spreading pervasively throughout our daily online activities. Over the years, a host of ethical issues have been associated with the diffusion of RSs and the tracking and monitoring of users’ data. Here, we focus on the impact RSs may have on personal autonomy as the most elusive among the often-cited sources of grievance and public outcry. On the grounds of a philosophically nuanced notion (...)
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  13.  59
    Free Will and Quantum Mechanics.Mario De Caro & Hilary Putnam - 2020 - The Monist 103 (4):415-426.
    In the last few decades, the relevance of quantum mechanics to the free-will debate has been discussed at length, especially in relation to the prospects of libertarianism. Basing his interpretation on Anscombe’s seminal work, Putnam argued in 1979 that, given that quantum mechanical indeterminacy is holistic at the macrolevel—i.e., it is not traceable to atomistic events such as quantum jumps of single atoms—it can provide libertarians with the kind of freedom they seek. As shown in this article, however, Putnam ultimately (...)
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  14.  22
    Morality and Interpretation: the Principle of Phronetic Charity.Mario De Caro & Maria Silvia Vaccarezza - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (2):295-307.
    The recent discussions on the unity of virtue suffer from a lack of reference to the processes through which we interpret each other as moral agents. In the present paper it is argued that much light can be thrown on that crucial issue by appealing to a version of Donald Davidson’s Principle of Charity, which we call “Principle of Phronetic Charity”. The idea is that in order to treat somebody as a moral agent, one has first to attribute to them, (...)
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  15.  14
    Naturalism in Question.Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
  16.  24
    Between the Placement Problem and the Reconciliation Problem. Philosophical Naturalism Today.Mario De Caro - 2023 - Topoi 42 (3):675-682.
    Scientific naturalism—the conception according to which the natural sciences, and possibly physics alone, set the limits of ontology and epistemology—is characterized by a strong monistic tendency. For this reason, all versions of scientific naturalism face the so-called “placement problem”, which concerns the features of the ordinary view of the world that, at least prima facie, do not fit into the scientific view of the world (think of consciousness, moral properties, free will, and intentionality). To address this problem, scientific naturalists use (...)
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  17. Varieties of naturalism.Mario De Caro - 2009 - In Robert C. Koons & George Bealer (eds.), The Waning of Materialism: New Essays. Oxford University Press.
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  18.  27
    Davidson and Putnam on the Antinomy of Free Will.Mario De Caro - 2022 - In Sanjit Chakraborty & James Ferguson Conant (eds.), Engaging Putnam. Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 249-262.
  19.  13
    The Historical Roots of the Fracture between Subjective and Objective Realism.Mario De Caro - 2018 - Quaestio 18:343-351.
    The article discusses the origin of the split between common sense and the scientific view of the world, which took lace at the beginning of the modern age. More specifically, it shows how Galileo...
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  20.  21
    The indispensability of the manifest image.Mario De Caro - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46 (2):162-172.
    It is very contentious whether the features of the manifest image have a place in the world as it is described by natural science. For the advocates of strict naturalism, this is a serious problem, which has been labelled ‘placement problem’. In this light, some of them try to show that those features are reducible to scientifically acceptable ones. Others, instead, argue that the features of the manifest image are mere illusions and, consequently, have to be eliminated from our ontology. (...)
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  21.  29
    Practical Wisdom: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives.Maria Silvia Vaccarezza & Mario De Caro (eds.) - 2021 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Featuring original essays from leading scholars in philosophy and psychology, this volume investigates and rethinks the role of practical wisdom in light of the most recent developments in virtue theory and moral, social and developmental psychology. The concept of phronesis has long held a prominent place in the development of Aristotelian virtue ethics and moral education. However, the nature and development of phronesis is still in need of investigation, especially because of the new insights that in recent years have come (...)
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  22.  43
    Introduction.Mario De Caro & Luca Illetterati - 2012 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 41 (1-3):3-10.
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  23. Beyond scientism.Mario De Caro - 2011 - In Rosa Maria Calcaterra (ed.), New Perspectives on Pragmatism and Analytic Philosophy. Editions Rodopi.
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  24. Is freedom really a mystery?Mario de Caro - 2004 - In The Claims of Naturalism.
    In this paper the problem of free will is examined.
     
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  25.  72
    Emotional skillfulness and virtue acquisition.Mario De Caro, Maria Silvia Vaccarezza & Ariele Niccoli - 2022 - In Daniel Dukes, Andrea Samson & Eric Walle (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Emotional Development. Oxford University Press. pp. 503-512.
    In this chapter, we will offer a sketch of the state of the art as concerns existing accounts of virtue acquisition in relation to automaticity. In particular, we will focus on the so-called “skill model,” which we aim to improve by questioning its rather common underlying dualistic picture of the mind. Then we will propose an account of skillful emotions by identifying the features that make them both automatic and embedded in an intelligent practice. Finally, we will show how this (...)
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  26.  42
    Free will and free rides.Mario De Caro - 2018 - Acta Philosophica 27 (1):15-26.
    The most common taxonomy of free will theories of free will hinges on the distinction between compatibilism and incompatibilism, which respectively assert and deny the compatibility of free will with causal determinism. This is a useful distinction, but it does not throw light on a fundamental aspect of the debate, regarding how the different views conceive of the role that philosophy and science should play in tackling with the free will issue. In this perspective, another taxonomy will be presented and (...)
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  27.  24
    In Defense of Avuncularity. Dennett and Harris on the Relation between Philosophy and Science.Mario De Caro - 2017 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 8 (3):266-273.
    _:_ This metacomment on Dennett’s comment on Sam Harris’s book on free will examines two issues. First, how one should conceive of the relationship between philosophy and science, in particular considering the dismissive attitude many highly regarded scientists show towards philosophy today. Second, a critical assessment of Harris’s replies to Dennett’s criticisms. _Keywords:_ Daniel Dennett; Sam Harris; Free Will; Science; Philosophy _In difesa dei vincoli avuncolari. Dennett e Harris sul rapporto tra filosofia e scienza_ _Riassunto:_ Questo metacommento sulle osservazioni avanzate (...)
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  28. Bacon against Descartes. Emotions, rationality, defenses.Mario De Caro & Massimo Marraffa - 2015 - In Gabriele De Anna & Riccardo Martinelli (eds.), Moral Realism and Political Decisions. Practical Rationality in Contemporary Public Contexts. Bamberg University Press.
     
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  29.  64
    Interpretations and Causes: New Perspectives on Donald Davidson’s Philosophy.Mario de Caro (ed.) - 1999 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    In Interpretations and Causes, some of the leading contemporary analytic philosophers discuss Davidson's new ideas in a lively, relevant, useful, and not always ...
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  30.  12
    Introduction: Digital Technologies and Human Decision-Making.Sofia Bonicalzi, Mario De Caro & Benedetta Giovanola - 2023 - Topoi 42 (3):793-797.
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  31.  81
    Collective Responsibility and Social Ontology.Mario De Caro, Brian Epstein & Erin Kelly - 2019 - The Monist 102 (2):131-133.
    The study of responsibility in ethics focuses on the nature of agency, accountability, blame, punishment and, crucially, the distribution of responsibility for complex ethical problems. Work in social ontology examines the nature of entities such as groups, organizations, corporations, and institutions, and what it is for these entities to have intentional states and to act. Until recently, these fields of research have mostly been treated separately. The goal of this issue is to examine emerging research at their intersection. The papers (...)
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  32.  34
    The view from outside: On a distinctively cinematic achievement.Mario De Caro & Enrico Terrone - 2016 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 42 (2):154-170.
    What aesthetic interest do we have in watching films? In a much debated paper, Roger Scruton argued that this interest typically comes down to the interest in the dramatic representations recorded by such films. Berys Gaut and Catharine Abell criticized Scruton’s argument by claiming that films can elicit an aesthetic interest also by virtue of their pictorial representation. In this article, we develop a different criticism of Scruton’s argument. In our view, a film can elicit an aesthetic interest that does (...)
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  33.  26
    Presentazione.Mario De Caro & Simone Gozzano - 2013 - Rivista di Filosofia 104 (3):361-366.
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  34.  23
    Cosa dobbiamo intendere come persona. Ragioni del corpo, ragioni della mente.Mario De Caro & Sebastiano Maffettone - 2000 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 13 (3):549-564.
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  35.  5
    Continenti filosofici: la filosofia analitica e le altre tradizioni.Mario De Caro & Stefano Poggi (eds.) - 2011 - Roma: Carocci.
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  36. Comment on Sylvie Delacroix Habitual Ethics?.Mario De Caro - forthcoming - Jurisprudence:1-6.
    In her recent volume Habitual Ethics?,1 Sylvie Delacroix writes that habits are the ‘black holes of social sciences’. These phenomena are not studied enough, she argues, and (for the little they ar...
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  37. Cartographies of the Mind: Philosophy and Psychology in Intersection , Series: Studies in Brain and Mind, Vol. 4.Mario de Caro, Francesco Ferretti & Massimo Marraffa (eds.) - 2007 - Kleuwer.
  38.  1
    Davidson’s Naturalism.Mario De Caro - 2008 - In Maria Cristina Amoretti & Nicla Vassallo (eds.), Knowledge, Language, and Interpretation: On the Philosophy of Donald Davidson. Ontos Verlag. pp. 183-202.
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  39.  22
    Davidson sulla libertà umana.Mario De Caro - 2004 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 17 (2):347-358.
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  40. Filosofia, musica e ascolto.Mario De Caro - 2007 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 1.
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  41.  8
    Free Will and Retribution Today.Mario De Caro & Massimo Marraffa - unknown
    The paper addresses two issues that have been recently debated in the literature on free will, moral responsibility, and the theory of punishment. The first issue concerns the descriptive project, the second both the substantive and the prescriptive project. On theoretical, historical and empirical grounds, we claim that there is no rationale for fearing that the spread of neurocognitive findings will undermine the ordinary practice of responsibility attributions. We hypothetically advocate two opposite views: that such findings would cause the collapse (...)
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  42. 10 Is Emergentism Refuted by the Neurosciences?Mario De Caro - 2010 - In Antonella Corradini & Timothy O'Connor (eds.), Emergence in science and philosophy. New York: Routledge. pp. 190.
     
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  43.  2
    10 Is Freedom Really a Mystery?Mario De Caro - 2004 - In Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism in Question. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. pp. 188-200.
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  44. Il migliore dei naturalismi possibili.Mario De Caro & Alberto Voltolini - 2009 - Etica E Politica 11 (2):179-191.
    In this paper, we first set out three requirements that each e-theory – a theory whose task is to explain data – must fulfill in order to be one such good theory: i) an ontological requirement, i.e. adequate simplicity, ii) a methological requirement, i.e. plurality of research procedures, iii) an epistemological requirement, i.e. compatibility with the best available epistemical procedures. Moreover, we will claim that from the metaphilosophical point of view, unlike scientific naturalism on the one hand and supernaturalism on (...)
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  45.  7
    Libero arbitrio: storia di una controversia filosofica.Mario De Caro, Massimo Mori & Emidio Spinelli (eds.) - 2014 - Roma: Carocci editore.
    Sulla questione del libero filosofi, teologi e scienziati arbitrio si interrogano da più di due millenni: tuttavia essa conserva intatta tutta la sua problematicità. Già Kant sosteneva che la libertà, per quanto indispensabile sotto il profilo morale, non sia dimostrabile sul piano teorico. Nel volume il tema viene illustrato da studiosi di diversa formazione, intrecciando ricostruzione storica e analisi concettuale. I contributi mettono in luce le alternative teoriche e i nuclei tematici cruciali, emersi di volta in volta nei singoli autori (...)
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  46. Libertà e natura: la prospettiva di Ludwig Wittgenstein.Mario De Caro - 2010 - Philosophical News 1.
    Many philosophers have today a skeptic attitude toward the idea of free will, often because of arguments and evidence that come from neuroscience. Other philosophers claim however that no empirical evidence can shake our beliefs that we do enjoy free will and that, because of this, we are responsible for our choices and deeds. This article analyzes Wittgenstein’s view on the issue that went from the view advocated in the Tractatus to his later view that we are involved in two (...)
     
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  47.  19
    Mind and Causality a cura di Alberto Peruzzi.Mario De Caro, Massimo Marraffa & Michele Di Francesco - 2005 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 18 (3):623-638.
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  48. Mysterianism and Skepticism.Mario De Caro - 2009 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 1 (2):449-458.
    The article discusses the proposals for replying to the skeptical challenge developed by the so-called Neo-mysterians, and more particularly by the most eloquent of them, Colin McGinn. McGinn’s version of mysterianism, which he labels “Transcendental Naturalism,” is a very candid and rigorous form of scientific naturalism since (contrary to the standard naturalistic views) it is prepared to concede both that the attempts to reduce philosophically controversial phenomena – such as knowledge, free will, consciousness, meaning and the self – do not (...)
     
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  49.  26
    Mente e linguaggio in Ludwig Wittgenstein.Mario De Caro - 1998 - Rivista di Filosofia 89 (1):155-158.
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  50.  3
    Naturalismo scientifico e naturalismo liberalizzato.Mario De Caro - 2013 - Metodo. International Studies in Phenomenology and Philosophy 1 (2):27-37.
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