43 found
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  1.  97
    A Philosophical Introduction to Probability.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2005 - CSLI Publications.
    Not limited to merely mathematics, probability has a rich and controversial philosophical aspect. _A Philosophical Introduction to Probability_ showcases lesser-known philosophical notions of probability and explores the debate over their interpretations. Galavotti traces the history of probability and its mathematical properties and then discusses various philosophical positions on probability, from the Pierre Simon de Laplace's “classical” interpretation of probability to the logical interpretation proposed by John Maynard Keynes. This book is a valuable resource for students in philosophy and mathematics and (...)
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  2.  53
    Evidence and the Assessment of Causal Relations in the Health Sciences.Raffaella Campaner & Maria Carla Galavotti - 2012 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 26 (1):27-45.
    This contribution claims that the two fundamental notions of causation at work in the health sciences are manipulative and mechanistic, and investigates what kinds of evidence matter for the assessment of causal relations. This article is a development of our 2007 article, ‘Plurality of Causality’, where we argue for a pluralistic account of causation with an eye to econometrics and a single medical example. The present contribution has a wider focus, and considers the notion of evidence within a whole range (...)
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  3. Notes on Philosophy, Probability and Mathematics.F. P. Ramsey & Maria Carla Galavotti - 1993 - Erkenntnis 39 (1):123-126.
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  4.  10
    On Nagel’s Truth-Frequency Theory of Probability.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2021 - In Matthias Neuber & Adam Tamas Tuboly (eds.), Ernest Nagel: Philosophy of Science and the Fight for Clarity. Springer. pp. 173-188.
    Probability is the subject of considerable attention by Nagel, who devoted to it several writings. In the 1930s, Nagel put forward his “truth frequency” view of probability intended as a variant of the frequency theory minus the flaws to which this latter was susceptible. This paper illustrates how, according to Nagel, the issue of the meaning of probability should be addressed; Nagel’s criticism of the major interpretations of probability advanced in the literature, and the main traits of his “truth-frequency” theory.
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  5.  30
    Pragmatism and the Birth of Subjective Probability.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2019 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 11 (1).
    Pragmatism, taken not just as a philosophical movement but as a way of addressing problems, strongly influenced the debate on the foundations of probability during the first half of the twentieth century. Upholders of different interpretations of probability such as Hans Reichenbach, Ernest Nagel, Rudolf Carnap, Frank Ramsey, and Bruno de Finetti, acknowledged their debt towards pragmatist philosophers, including Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, Clarence Irving Lewis, William Dewey and Giovanni Vailati. In addition, scientist-philosophers like Ernst Mach, Ludwig Boltzmann, Henri (...)
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  6.  83
    The notion of subjective probability in the work of Ramsey and de Finetti.Maria Carla Galavotti - 1991 - Theoria 57 (3):239-259.
  7.  93
    On Hans Reichenbach’s inductivism.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):95 - 111.
    One of the first to criticize the verifiability theory of meaning embraced by logical empiricists, Reichenbach ties the significance of scientific statements to their predictive character, which offers the condition for their testability. While identifying prediction as the task of scientific knowledge, Reichenbach assigns induction a pivotal role, and regards the theory of knowledge as a theory of prediction based on induction. Reichenbach's inductivism is grounded on the frequency notion of probability, of which he prompts a more flexible version than (...)
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  8.  20
    On Hans Reichenbach’s inductivism.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):95-111.
    One of the first to criticize the verifiability theory of meaning embraced by logical empiricists, Reichenbach ties the significance of scientific statements to their predictive character, which offers the condition for their testability. While identifying prediction as the task of scientific knowledge, Reichenbach assigns induction a pivotal role, and regards the theory of knowledge as a theory of prediction based on induction. Reichenbach’s inductivism is grounded on the frequency notion of probability, of which he prompts a more flexible version than (...)
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  9. The Modern Epistemic Interpretations of Probability: Logicism and Subjectivism.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2011 - In Dov M. Gabby & John Woods (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic: Inductive Logic. North Holland: Amsterdam. pp. 153--203.
  10.  18
    Who is Afraid of Subjective Probability?Maria Carla Galavotti - 2018 - In Alessandro Giordani & Ciro de Florio (eds.), From Arithmetic to Metaphysics: A Path Through Philosophical Logic. De Gruyter. pp. 151-158.
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  11. On Truth, Original Manuscripts Materials from the Ramsey Collection at the University of Pittsburgh.Frank Plumpton Ramsey, Nicholas Rescher, Ulrich Majer & Maria Carla Galavotti - 1994 - Synthese 101 (1):121-127.
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  12.  20
    Stochastic Causality.Domenico Costantini, Maria Carla Galavotti & Patrick Suppes (eds.) - 2001 - CSLI.
    A collection of articles originally presented at two conferences, the first at Ventura Hall, Stanford, in April 1998; and the second at the University of Bologna in September 1999.
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  13.  18
    European Philosophy of Science: Philosophy of Science in Europe and the Vienna Heritage.Maria Carla Galavotti, Elisabeth Nemeth & Friedrich Stadler (eds.) - 2014 - Cham: Springer.
    Jan WoleĔski Kazimierz Twardowski and the Development of Philosophy of Science in Poland Kazimierz Twardowski studied with Brentano and followed his style of doing philosophy, in particular, the thesis that the method of philosophy is  ...
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  14.  45
    Causality, mechanisms and manipulation.Maria Carla Galavotti - unknown
    This paper suggests an integration of Wesley Salmon's mechanistic theory of causality with a manipulative account of causation of the kind that has been recently defended by Huw Price and Peter Menzies. Firstly, Salmon's view of causality is outlined, and the main issues of the debate around it are recollected. Secondly, the manipulative view of causality is sketched and the possibility of its integration with Salmon's theory is considered for the purpose of coping with some of the problems raised by (...)
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  15. Harold Jeffreys' probabilistic epistemology: Between logicism and subjectivism.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (1):43-57.
    Harold Jeffreys' ideas on the interpretation of probability and epistemology are reviewed. It is argued that with regard to the interpretation of probability, Jeffreys embraces a version of logicism that shares some features of the subjectivism of Ramsey and de Finetti. Jeffreys also developed a probabilistic epistemology, characterized by a pragmatical and constructivist attitude towards notions such as ‘objectivity’, ‘reality’ and ‘causality’. 1 Introductory remarks 2 The interpretation of probability 3 Jeffreys' probabilistic epistemology.
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  16.  28
    The Interpretation of Probability: Still an Open Issue? 1.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2017 - Philosophies 2 (3):20.
    Probability as understood today, namely as a quantitative notion expressible by means of a function ranging in the interval between 0–1, took shape in the mid-17th century, and presents both a mathematical and a philosophical aspect. Of these two sides, the second is by far the most controversial, and fuels a heated debate, still ongoing. After a short historical sketch of the birth and developments of probability, its major interpretations are outlined, by referring to the work of their most prominent (...)
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  17.  4
    The Origins of Probabilistic Epistemology: Some Leading 20th-century Philosophers of Probability.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2016 - In Alan Hájek & Christopher Hitchcock (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Probability and Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  18.  7
    Reasoning, Rationality, and Probability.Maria Carla Galavotti, Roberto Scazzieri & Patrick Suppes (eds.) - 2008 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    This volume broadens our concept of reasoning and rationality to allow for a more pluralistic and situational view of human thinking as a practical activity. Drawing on contributors across disciplines including philosophy, economics, psychology, statistics, computer science, engineering, and physics, _Reasoning, Rationality, and Probability_ argues that the search for strong theories should leave room for the construction of context-sensitive conceptual tools. Both science and everyday life, the authors argue, are too complex and multifaceted to be forced into ready-made schemata.
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  19. For an Epistemology" From Within". An Introduction to Suppes' Work.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2006 - Epistemologia 29 (2):213-222.
     
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  20.  19
    From the Philosophy of Science to the Philosophy of the Sciences.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Research 40 (Supplement):45-54.
    The philosophy of science took shape as an autonomous discipline in the first decades of the Twentieth Century in connection with the movement known as logical positivism or logical empiricism. According to logical empiricists philosophy of science ought to perform a “rational reconstruction” aimed at exhibiting the logical structure of scientific theories and inferential processes involved in the acquisition of scientific knowledge. While focusing on the syntactical and semantical aspects of scientific language, logical empiricists left out of the realm of (...)
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  21. Operationism, probability and quantum mechanics.Maria Carla Galavotti - 1995 - Foundations of Science 1 (1):99-118.
    This paper investigates the kind of empiricism combined with an operationalist perspective that, in the first decades of our Century, gave rise to a turning point in theoretical physics and in probability theory. While quantum mechanics was taking shape, the classical (Laplacian) interpretation of probability gave way to two divergent perspectives: frequentism and subjectivism. Frequentism gained wide acceptance among theoretical physicists. Subjectivism, on the other hand, was never held to be a serious candidate for application to physical theories, despite the (...)
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  22.  62
    Probabilism and beyond.Maria Carla Galavotti - 1996 - Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):253 - 265.
    Richard Jeffrey has labelled his philosophy of probability radical probabilism and qualified this position as Bayesian, nonfoundational and anti-rationalist. This paper explores the roots of radical probabilism, to be traced back to the work of Frank P. Ramsey and Bruno de Finetti.
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  23.  44
    Comments on Patrick Suppes “propensity interpretations of probability”.Maria Carla Galavotti - 1987 - Erkenntnis 26 (3):359 - 368.
  24.  49
    Kinds of probabilism.Maria Carla Galavotti - unknown
    The first part of the article deals with the theories of probability and induction put forward by Hans Reichenbach and Rudolf Carnap. It will be argued that, despite fundamental differences, Carnap's and Reichenbach's views on probability are closely linked with the problem of meaning generated by logical empiricism, and are characterized by the logico-semantical approach typical of this philosophical current. Moreover, their notions of probability are both meant to combine a logical and an empirical element. Of these, Carnap over the (...)
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  25. Wesley Salmon sobre explicación, probabilidad y racionalidad.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2005 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 37:61-75.
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  26. Atti Del Congresso Nuovi Problemi Della Logica E Della Filosofia Della Scienza.Domenico Costantini & Maria Carla Galavotti - 1991 - Editrice Clueb.
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  27.  19
    Induction and Deduction in Statistical Analysis.Domenico Costantini & Maria Carla Galavotti - 1986 - Erkenntnis 24 (1):73 - 94.
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  28.  28
    Preface.Domenico Costantini & Maria Carla Galavotti - 1996 - Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):141-142.
  29.  5
    Probability, Dynamics and Causality: Essays in Honour of Richard C. Jeffrey.D. Costantini & Maria Carla Galavotti - 1997 - Springer Verlag.
    The proceedings of a June 1995 conference in Luino, Italy. One poem and 16 papers explore various issues in the philosophy of science with an emphasis on the foundations of probability and statistics and quantum mechanics. The topics include subjective probability, Bayesian statistics, probability kinematics, causal decision making, and probability and realism in quantum mechanics. The problem of collecting new evidence and updating probability judgements are addressed in reference to different applications. No index. Reprinted from Erkenntnis vol. 45, nos. 2-3 (...)
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  30.  10
    Bruno de Finetti, Radical Probabilist.Maria Carla Galavotti (ed.) - 2009 - College Publications.
    This volume sheds new light on the multifarious personality of Bruno de Finetti and his outstanding contributions not only to probability and statistics, but also to economics and philosophy. Rather than focusing on de Finetti's technical work on probability, the essays collected here address the philosophy underpinning all of de Finetti's writings, a view Richard Jeffrey labelled "radical probabilism". Special attention is devoted to de Finetti's ideas on economics, which are inspired by the same philosophical approach, while an effort is (...)
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  31.  51
    Cambridge and Vienna: Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle.Maria Carla Galavotti (ed.) - 2004 - Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.
    The Institute Vienna Circle held a conference in Vienna in 2003, Cambridge and Vienna a?
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  32.  96
    Explanation and causality: Some suggestions from econometrics.Maria Carla Galavotti - 1990 - Topoi 9 (2):161-169.
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  33.  35
    Editor's preface.Maria Carla Galavotti - 1991 - Theoria 57 (3):129-131.
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  34.  4
    Filosofia della scienza.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2017 - Milano: EGEA. Edited by Raffaella Campaner.
    Empirismo logico e gli inizi della filosofia della scienza -- Oltre l'empirismo logico -- I modi del ragionamento scientifico -- La probabilità -- La spiegazione scientifica -- Realismo e antirealismo scientifica -- Filosofie delle scienze -- Scienza e valore.
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  35.  76
    Introduction.Maria Carla Galavotti - 1990 - Topoi 9 (2):91-93.
  36.  17
    Observation and Experiment in the Natural and Social Sciences.Maria Carla Galavotti (ed.) - 2003 - Springer Verlag.
    According to a long tradition in philosophy of science, a clear cut distinction can be traced between a context of discovery and a context of justification.
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  37. Ritorno a Reichenbach?Maria Carla Galavotti - 1981 - Rivista di Filosofia 20:257.
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  38. Sulla giustificazione dell'induzione.Maria Carla Galavotti - 1975 - Rivista di Filosofia 1:157.
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  39.  14
    The Sessions on Induction and Probability at the 1935 Paris Congress: An overview.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2018 - Philosophia Scientiae 22:213-232.
    Le premier Congrès pour l’unité de la science qui s’est tenu à Paris en 1935 comprenait deux sessions, consacrées l’une à l’induction, l’autre aux probabilités. Des représentants éminents du mouvement pour une philosophie scientifique ont présenté des communications dans ces sessions: dans la première sont intervenus Hans Reichenbach, Moritz Schlick et Rudolf Carnap, dans la seconde, Reichenbach, Bruno de Finetti, Zygmunt Zawirski, Schlick et Janina Hosiasson, — dans cet ordre. Les sujets abordés concernaient la nature des lois scientifiques, le problème (...)
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  40.  6
    The Sessions on Induction and Probability at the 1935 Paris Congress: An overview.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2018 - Philosophia Scientiae 22:213-232.
    Le premier Congrès pour l’unité de la science (Congrès international de philosophie scientifique) qui s’est tenu à Paris en 1935 comprenait deux sessions, consacrées l’une à l’induction, l’autre aux probabilités. Des représentants éminents du mouvement pour une philosophie scientifique ont présenté des communications dans ces sessions: dans la première sont intervenus Hans Reichenbach, Moritz Schlick et Rudolf Carnap, dans la seconde, Reichenbach, Bruno de Finetti, Zygmunt Zawirski, Schlick et Janina Hosiasson, — dans cet ordre. Les sujets abordés concernaient la nature (...)
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  41.  12
    Wesley Salmon sobre explicació, probabilitat i racionalitat.Maria Carla Galavotti - 2005 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 37:61-75.
    https://revistes.uab.cat/enrahonar/article/view/v37-galavotti.
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  42.  22
    Experience, Reality, and Scientific Explanation: Essays in Honor of Merrilee and Wesley Salmon.Maria Carla Galavotti & A. Pagnini - 2010 - Dordrecht and London: Springer, Dordrecht.
    The papers collected here comprise the proceedings of a Workshop in honor ofMerrilee and Wes Salmon, held in Florence on May 17-18, 1996. The aim of the meeting was to pay homage to these two American scholars, whose contact with Italian and European Universities and Institutes had a major influence on "Continental" thought in the field of epistemology and probability. In fact, Merrilee and Wes spent various periods lecturing at the Universities of Bologna, Florence, Rome, Trieste, Catania and Pisa, as (...)
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  43. Anti-realism in the philosophy of probability: Bruno de finetti's subjectivism. [REVIEW]Maria Carla Galavotti - 1989 - Erkenntnis 31 (2-3):239--261.
    Known as an upholder of subjectivism, Bruno de finetti (1906-1985) put forward a totally original philosophy of probability. This can be qualified as a combination of empiricism and pragmatism within an entirely coherent antirealistic perspective. The paper aims at clarifying the central features of such a philosophical position, Which is not only incompatible with any perspective based on an objective notion, But cannot be assimilated to other subjective views of probability either.
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