32 found
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  1. What Can Kant Teach Us About Emotions?Maria Borges - 2004 - Journal of Philosophy 101 (3):140-158.
  2.  44
    Physiology and the Controlling of Affects in Kant's Philosophy.Maria Borges - 2008 - Kantian Review 13 (2):46-66.
    Kant is categorical about the relation between virtue and the controlling of inclinations:Since virtue is based on inner freedom it contains a positive command to a human being, namely to bring all his capacities and inclinations under his reason's control and so to rule over himself. Virtue presupposes apathy, in the sense of absence of affects. Kant revives the stoic ideal of tranquilitas as a necessary condition for virtue: ‘The true strength of virtue is a tranquil mind’ . In the (...)
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  3.  6
    Kant on Eating and Drinking.Maria Borges - 2021 - Con-Textos Kantianos 1 (13):234-244.
    In this paper I analyze Kant’s ideas about eating and drinking. First, I show that gluttony and drunkenness are considered ways to oppose to the duty to oneself as an animal being. Second, I claim that for Kant there is a healthy way of having meals, which consists in eating together with friends. Then I indicate that Kant accepts that one can drink at dinner parties but has to avoid drinks that lead to drunkenness and unsocial behavior. In this sense, (...)
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  4.  81
    The Principle of Charity, Transcendentalism and Relativism.María Rosario Hernández Borges - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:69-75.
    Relativism has usually been presented as linked to the limits of translation and understanding. The Principle of Charity was developed to decide the reference of words or the best translation of a sentence. However, the principle has been defined in, at least, two different ways: a naturalistic one, as a pragmatic maxim that guides the interpreter generally; or a transcendental one, as an a priori, necessary condition for someone to be understood. In this paper I will focus on the latter (...)
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  5. Actions and Feelings: Série 2.Maria Borges - 2008 - Kant E-Prints 3:115-122.
    In this paper, I analyze Kant’s theory of action and if human beings can act morally without being moved by sensible feelings. I will show that the answer of the Critique of Pure Reason, Groundwork and the Critical of Practical Reason is without any doubt “yes”, but Kant is ambiguous in the Metaphysics of Morals and also in the Anthropology. In the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant claims that there are some sensible conditions to the reception of the concept of duty: (...)
     
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  6.  77
    Emotions and Practical Reason in Kant.Maria Borges - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 10:161-166.
    In this paper, I shall discuss the relation between practical reason and emotions in Kant. First, I begin by explaining why knowledge of emotions is important for the transcendental project in the moral domain, understood as the claim that reason can determine our actions, in spite of our inclinations. Second, I explain the definition of affects and passions in Kant's philosophy and relate the two to feelings and the faculty of desire. I then question the possibility of controlling emotions, showing (...)
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  7.  45
    Kant on Women and Emotion.Maria Borges - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 25:13-19.
    Kant has often been criticized for holding a very negative vision of women, according to which they are less rational and less morally valuable than men. In this paper, I shall argue quite the opposite. I will show that, in spite of some minor pejorative comments, Kant held that women fit better the ideal of a moral person than men. This is due to some qualities of the female sex, mainly the women capacity for self-control and the capacity for having (...)
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  8.  4
    Política Nacional de Ciência Aberta Em Portugal: Recomendações Do Grupo de Trabalho Sobre Avaliação da Ciência.Lígia Ribeiro, Maria Manuel Borges & Diana Silva - 2021 - Arbor 197 (799):a591.
    El 24 de marzo de 2016, por medio de la Resolución del Consejo de Ministros n. 21/2016, el Gobierno de Portugal, a través del Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Educación Superior, anunció el compromiso de la ciencia con los principios y prácticas de Ciencia abierta. La misma resolución obligó al MCTES a crear un Grupo de Trabajo Interministerial con la misión de presentar una propuesta de Plan Estratégico para la implementación de una Política Nacional de Ciencia Abierta. El grupo de (...)
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  9. Cdd: 191 positivismo Y hermenéutica en la teoría de Davidson.María Del Rosario Hernández Borges - 2000 - Manuscrito 23 (1):121.
    Donald Davidson intenta reconciliar dos posiciones tradicionalmente opuestas: la positivista, naturalista, y la hermenéutica. Sin embargo, aunque sostiene la identidad mente-cerebro y la explicación causal de la acción, en su teoría tienen más relevancia la autonomía e irreductibilidad de lo mental así como la relación de justificación que existe entre razones y causas y que fundamenta las explicaciones de sentido común. Argumentaré que su intento conciliador no ha tenido éxito ya que opta claramente por el proyecto interpretativo frente al explicativo. (...)
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  10. Ciencia Y Objetividad Moral. La Deliberación Constitutiva. Josep E. Corbí, Un Lugar Para La Moral. [REVIEW]María Borges - 2004 - Laguna 14.
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  11. De Edipo a la neurona. Manual de neurociencia recreativa. S. Johnson, La mente de par en par. Nuestro cerebro y la neurociencia en la vida cotidiana From Oedipus to the neuron. Handbook of recreational neuroscience. T. Johnson, La mente de par en par. Nuestro cerebro y la neurociencia en la vida cotidiana. [REVIEW]María Borges - 2006 - Laguna 19.
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  12. El Conocimiento De Un Algoritmo. Martin Davis, La Computadora Universal. De Leibniz A Turing. [REVIEW]María Borges - 2003 - Laguna 12.
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  13. From Aesthetic Pleasures to Morality.Maria Borges - 2021 - In Camilla Serck-Hanssen & Beatrix Himmelmann (eds.), The Court of Reason: Proceedings of the 13th International Kant Congress. De Gruyter. pp. 1395-1402.
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  14. Kant on Woman and Morality: Série 2.Maria Borges - 2010 - Kant E-Prints 5:162-168.
    Kant has often been criticized for holding a very negative vision of women, according to which they are less rational and less morally valuable than men. I shall argue quite the opposite. I will show that, in spite of some minor pejorative comments, Kant held that women fit better the ideal of a moral person than men. This is due to some qualities of the female sex, mainly women’s capacity for self–control and the capacity for having moral emotions such as (...)
     
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  15. Kantian Virtue as Cure for Affects and Passions: Série 2.Maria Borges - 2009 - Kant E-Prints 4:267-283.
    : In the Critique of Practical Reason, Kant presents virtue not as an arduous task, but as an endeavor, that costs a lot for the agent. In order to explain in what consists moral content, Kant tells a story of an honest man, to whom it is offered great gifts if he joins the calumniators of an innocent person, but he denies it. Then he is threatened by his friends, who deny him friendship, by his relatives, who deny him inheritance, (...)
     
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  16. La Mente En La IntersecciónThe Mind In The Intersection.María Borges - 2008 - Laguna 23.
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  17. Reasons and Causes of Actions in Kant.Maria Borges - 2008 - In Valerio Hrsg V. Rohden, Ricardo Terra & Guido Almeida (eds.), Recht Und Frieden in der Philosophie Kants. pp. 1--63.
     
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  18. Wittgenstein Y Popper: Genialidad, Desprecio Y Resentimiento. David J. Edmonds & John An Eidison, El Atizador De Wittgenstein. Una Jugada Incompleta. [REVIEW]María Borges - 2003 - Laguna 12.
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  19.  12
    Kant's Metaphysics of Morals as Guidance in a Morally and Legally Complex World.Maria Borges, Thomas Mertens & Alessandro Pinzani - 2017 - [email protected] - An International Journal for Moral Philosophy 16 (3):389-394.
    Presentation to the special issue on Kant's Metaphysics of Morals.
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  20.  18
    Emotions and Practical Reason in Kant.Maria Borges - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 10:161-166.
    In this paper, I shall discuss the relation between practical reason and emotions in Kant. First, I begin by explaining why knowledge of emotions is important for the transcendental project in the moral domain, understood as the claim that reason can determine our actions, in spite of our inclinations. Second, I explain the definition of affects and passions in Kant's philosophy and relate the two to feelings and the faculty of desire. I then question the possibility of controlling emotions, showing (...)
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  21.  4
    Rupturas Do Estado de Direito.Maria de Lourdes Borges - 2020 - Doispontos 17 (2).
    Nesse ensaio, vou analisar o que denomino de rupturas do Estado de Direito no caso do Brasil pós-2016. Meu objetivo não é examinar detalhadamente a concepção de Estado nos vários autores, mas utilizar alguns conceitos que nos permitam lançar luz sobre o que ocorreu no Brasil Inicialmente, vou apresentar a ideia do Estado de direito tal como Kant a define. A partir dessa concepção ampla, analisarei a ideia de estado de exceção, baseada em Agambem. Mostrarei igualmente a sugestão de Rafael (...)
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  22.  23
    Passions and Evil in Kant's Philosophy.Maria Borges - 2014 - Manuscrito 37 (2):333-355.
    In this paper, I aim at relating passions to evil in Kant's philosophy. I begin by explaining the difference between affects and passions in the text Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View. Kant claims that both affects and passions are illnesses of the mind, because both affect and passion hinder the sovereignty of reason. I show that passions are worse than affects for the purpose of pure reason. Second, I relate affects and passions to the degrees of the propensity (...)
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  23.  8
    The Metaphysics of Morals: Between the a Priori and a Practical Anthropology.Maria Borges - 2017 - [email protected] - An International Journal for Moral Philosophy 16 (3):423-436.
    In this paper, I analyze the place of the Metaphysics of morals in the Kantian system. I claim that this work is the passage between a pure part of ethics and a practical anthropology. Although this book was first conceived to be a pure moral theory - moralia pura-, it ended up dealing with principle of applications of the moral law to sensible moral beings- philosophia moralis applicata. I also hold that the Doctrine of Virtue presents some sensible elements that (...)
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  24.  6
    Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals as Guidance in a Morally and Legally Complex World.Maria Borges, Thomas Mertens & Alessandro Pinzani - 2017 - [email protected]: An International Journal for Moral Philosophy 16 (3):389-394.
    Presentation to the special issue on Kant's Metaphysics of Morals.
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  25.  7
    Para Todo Mal, a Cura.Maria Borges - 2014 - Con-Textos Kantianos 1:10-22.
    Nesse artigo, eu apresento a teoria kantiana do mal. Mostrarei que Kant divide o mal em três níveis: fraqueza, impureza e perversidade, relacionando-os com afetos e paixões. Eu defendo que Kant apresenta várias formas de curar o mal nos diversos textos, tais como Doutrina da Virtude, Antropologia, Ideia para uma história universal do ponto de vista cosmopolita e Religião nos limites da simples razão. Eu tentarei mostrar que a virtude é impotente para curar o mal e que Kant apresenta uma (...)
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  26. Robert LOUDEN. Kant’s impure ethics. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2000. [REVIEW]Maria Borges - 2003 - Kant E-Prints 2:1-5.
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  27.  17
    Será o Hegelianismo uma Forma de Espinosismo?Maria de Lourdes Borges - 1999 - Discurso 30:63-86.
    Nosso propósito aqui não é traçar um quadro comparativo exaustivo entre a filosofia hegeliana e a filosofia de Espinosa (1). Pretendemos apenas esclarecer, pela indagação sobre uma possível matriz panteísta do pensamento de Hegel, a compreensão hegeliana sobre a relação entre Absoluto e mundo finito. Mostraremos que Espinosa influencia Hegel desde os tempos de Tübingen e que o hegelianismo passará sucessivamente por três fases distintas: uma primeira fase de entusiasmo peIo panteísmo, entusiasmo esse partilhado com Schelling; uma segunda fase de (...)
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  28.  5
    A POLÍTICA NO TEMPO: a encenação da dialética.Maria De Lourdes Borges - 1998 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 43 (4):1071.
    Neste artigo pretendo mostrar que o desenvolvimento temporal da política na história mundial deve ser considerado como uma encenação da dialética hegeliana. Encenação deve ser aqui tomado como uma apresentação na efetividade de um texto pressuposto. Tal texto é a Ciência da Lógica. Minha intenção é mostrar a utilização, não deste texto na sua totalidade, mas de algumas sequências preferenciais da lógica. Tal será mostrado: 1) na figura do senhor/servo; 2) na relação eticidade e moralidade. Neste segundo momento, procurarei mostrar (...)
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  29.  5
    Kant Sobre as Emoções E a Crítica de Williams.Maria De Lourdes Borges - 2013 - Veritas – Revista de Filosofia da Pucrs 58 (1):131.
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  30. Psicologia empírica, antropologia e metafísica dos costumes em Kant.Maria de Lourdes Borges - 2003 - Kant E-Prints 2 (1):1-10.
    Este trabalho tem como objetivo explorar a relação entre psicologia empírica,antropologia e metafísica moral em Kant. Há lugar para a psicologia empírica e para aantropologia na filosofia moral kantiana? Se esta é fundamentada em princípios a priori, qual avalidade, para além da mera curiosidade do erudito, do conhecimento das peculiaridadesempíricas do ser humano? A segunda questão refere-se à relação que Kant estabelece entrepsicologia empírica e antropologia e como ambas se relacionam com a filosofia moral. Voutentar mostrar que esta relação passa (...)
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  31. O Problema do Mal na Teodicéia de Leibiniz.Maria de Lourdes Borges - 1995 - Princípios 2 (3):110-118.
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  32.  7
    Positivismo y hermenéutica en la teoría de Davidson.María Borges - 2000 - Manuscrito 23 (1):121-146.
    Donald Davidson intenta reconciliar dos posiciones tradicionalmente opuestas: la positivista, naturalista, y la hermenéutica. Sin embargo, aunque sostiene la identidad mente-cerebro y la explicación causal de la acción, en su teoría tienen más relevancia la autonomía e irreductibilidad de lo mental así como la relación de justificación que existe entre razones y causas y que fundamenta las explicaciones de sentido común. Argumentaré que su intento conciliador no ha tenido éxito ya que opta claramente por el proyecto interpretativo frente al explicativo. (...)
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