33 found
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  1. Moral particularism.Brad Hooker & Margaret Olivia Little (eds.) - 2000 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A timely and penetrating investigation, this book seeks to transform moral philosophy. In the face of continuing disagreement about which general moral principles are correct, there has been a resurgence of interest in the idea that correct moral judgements can be only about particular cases. This view--moral particularism --forecasts a revolution in ordinary moral practice that has until now consisted largely of appeals to general moral principles. Moral particularism also opposes the primary aim of most contemporary normative moral theory that (...)
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  2. Moral Generalities Revisited.Brad Hooker & Margaret Olivia Little (eds.) - 2000 - Clarendon Press.
     
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  3. Abortion, intimacy, and the duty to gestate.Margaret Olivia Little - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (3):295-312.
    In this article, I urge that mainstream discussions of abortion are dissatisfying in large part because they proceed in polite abstraction from the distinctive circumstances and meanings of gestation. Such discussions, in fact, apply to abortion conceptual tools that were designed on the premiss that people are physically demarcated, even as gestation is marked by a thorough-going intertwinement. We cannot fully appreciate what is normatively at stake with legally forcing continued gestation, or again how to discuss moral responsibilities to continue (...)
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  4.  32
    Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments.Margaret Olivia Little - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (185):541-544.
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  5. Moral Generalities Revisited.Margaret Olivia Little - 2000 - In Brad Hooker & Margaret Olivia Little (eds.), Moral particularism. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  6. Virtue as knowledge: Objections from the philosophy of mind.Margaret Olivia Little - 1997 - Noûs 31 (1):59-79.
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  7. Seeing and Caring: The Role of Affect in Feminist Moral Epistemology.Margaret Olivia Little - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (3):117 - 137.
    I develop two different epistemic roles for emotion and desire. Caring for moral ends and people plays a pivotal though contingent role in ensuring reliable awareness of morally salient details; possession of various emotions and motives is a necessary condition for autonomous understanding of moral concepts themselves. Those who believe such connections compromise the "objective" status of morality tend to assume rather than argue for the bifurcated conception of reason and affect this essay challenges.
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  8.  67
    The second wave: Toward responsible inclusion of pregnant women in research.Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Margaret Olivia Little & Ruth Faden - 2008 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):5-22.
    Though much progress has been made on inclusion of non-pregnant women in research, thoughtful discussion about including pregnant women has lagged behind. We outline resulting knowledge gaps and their costs and then highlight four reasons why ethically we are obliged to confront the challenges of including pregnant women in clinical research. These are: the need for effective treatment for women during pregnancy, fetal safety, harm from the reticence to prescribe potentially beneficial medication, and the broader issues of justice and access (...)
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  9. Risk and the Pregnant Body.Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Lisa M. Mitchell, Elizabeth Mitchell Armstrong, Lisa H. Harris, Rebecca Kukla, Miriam Kuppermann & Margaret Olivia Little - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (6):34-42.
    Reasoning well about risk is most challenging when a woman is pregnant, for patient and doctor alike. During pregnancy, we tend to note the risks of medical interventions without adequately noting those of failing to intervene, yet when it's time to give birth, interventions are seldom questioned, even when they don't work. Meanwhile, outside the clinic, advice given to pregnant women on how to stay healthy in everyday life can seem capricious and overly cautious. This kind of reasoning reflects fear, (...)
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  10. On Knowing the ”Why': Particularism and Moral Theory.Margaret Olivia Little - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (4):32--40.
    If particularism is right, the broad moral claims we make are usually riddled with exceptions. But such generalizations can still be a useful, even necessary part of moral life. They help us show what we should do, and they are essential for understanding why we should do it.
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  11.  87
    Defending moral particularism.Mark Lance & Margaret Olivia Little - 2006 - In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell. pp. 305.
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  12. Abortion and the Margins of Personhood.Margaret Olivia Little - 2008 - Rutgers Law Journal 39:331–348.
    When a woman is pregnant, how should we understand the moral status of the life within her? How should we understand its status as conceptus, as embryo, when an early or again matured fetus? According to some, human life in all of these forms is inviolable: early human life has a moral status equivalent to a person from the moment of conception. According to others, such life has no intrinsic status, even late in pregnancy. According to still others, moral status (...)
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  13.  41
    Care: From theory to orientation and back.Margaret Olivia Little - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (2):190 – 209.
    In this paper, I urge that the very real lessons Carol Gilligan's work in moral psychology offer to moral philosophy can best be appreciated if we take seriously the gap between the two disciplines. The care and justice perspectives Gilligan explores are psychological orientations, and orientations are defined as much by matters of emphasis, selectivity of interpretation, and gestalt as they are by propositional commitment. As such, I argue, their contribution to moral theory is best seen as stances from which (...)
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  14.  98
    Thinking about reasons: themes from the philosophy of Jonathan Dancy.David Bakhurst, Margaret Olivia Little & Brad Hooker (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    Thinking about Reasons collects fourteen new essays on ethics and the philosophy of action, inspired by the work of Jonathan Dancy—one of his generation's most influential moral philosophers.
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  15.  39
    A critique of the 'fetus as patient'.Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Margaret Olivia Little & Ruth R. Faden - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):42 – 44.
  16.  35
    In Defence of Non—Deontic Reasons.Margaret Olivia Little - 2013 - In David Bakhurst, Margaret Olivia Little & Brad Hooker (eds.), Thinking about reasons: themes from the philosophy of Jonathan Dancy. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
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  17. Why a feminist approach to bioethics?Margaret Olivia Little - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (1):1-18.
    : Many have asked how and why feminist theory makes a distinctive contribution to bioethics. In this essay, I outline two ways in which feminist reflection can enrich bioethical studies. First, feminist theory may expose certain themes of androcentric reasoning that can affect, in sometimes crude but often subtle ways, the substantive analysis of topics in bioethics; second, it can unearth the gendered nature of certain basic philosophical concepts that form the working tools of ethical theory.
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  18.  19
    Why a Feminist Approach to Bioethics?Margaret Olivia Little - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (1):1-18.
    Many have asked how and why feminist theory makes a distinctive contribution to bioethics. In this essay, I outline two ways in which feminist reflection can enrich bioethical studies. First, feminist theory may expose certain themes of androcentric reasoning that can affect, in sometimes crude but often subtle ways, the substantive analysis of topics in bioethics; second, it can unearth the gendered nature of certain basic philosophical concepts that form the working tools of ethical theory.
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  19.  46
    Reframing the Framework: Toward Fair Inclusion of Pregnant Women as Participants in Research.Ruth R. Faden, Margaret Olivia Little & Anne Drapkin Lyerly - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):50-52.
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  20. The Moral Permissibility of Abortion.Margaret Olivia Little - 2014 - In Andrew I. Cohen & Christopher Wellman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics. Chichester: Wiley & Sons.. pp. 51-62.
    When a woman or girl finds herself pregnant, is it morally permissible for her to end that pregnancy? One dominant tradition says “no”; its close cousin says “rarely” - exceptions may be made where the burdens on the individual girl or woman are exceptionally dire, or, for some, when the pregnancy results from rape. On both views, though, there is an enormous presumption against aborting, for abortion involves the destruction of something we have no right to destroy. Those who reject (...)
     
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  21.  42
    Pregnancy and Clinical Research.Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Margaret Olivia Little & Ruth R. Faden - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (6):3-3.
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  22. Abortion.Margaret Olivia Little - 2003 - In R. G. Frey & Christopher Heath Wellman (eds.), A Companion to Applied Ethics. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 313-325.
    To make progress on the moral status of abortion, it turns out, requires us not just to arbitrate already familiar controversies in metaphysics and ethics, but to attend to the distinctive aspects of pregnancy that often stand at their margins. In the following, I want to argue that if we acknowledge gestation as an intimacy. motherhood as a relationship, and creation as a process, we will be in a far better position to appreciate the moral textures of abortion. I explore (...)
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  23. Motivating health: empathy and the normative activity of coping.Jodi Halpern & Margaret Olivia Little - 2008 - In Hilde Lindemann, Marian Verkerk & Margaret Urban Walker (eds.), Naturalized Bioethics: Toward Responsible Knowing and Practice. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  24.  16
    On Richard B. Brandt’s “Moral Valuation”.Margaret Olivia Little - 2015 - Ethics 125 (3):811-814,.
  25.  9
    Abortion.Margaret Olivia Little - 2003 - In R. G. Frey & Christopher Heath Wellman (eds.), A Companion to Applied Ethics. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 313–325.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Fetal Personhood: From Wrongful Interference to Positive Responsibilities The Sanctity of Life: Respect Revisited.
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  26. The chaos of care and care theory. Introduction.Margaret Olivia Little - 1998 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (2):127 – 130.
  27. Where the Laws Are.Mark N. Lance & Margaret Olivia Little - 2007 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics: Volume Ii. Clarendon Press.
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  28. Copyright© 1996 by The Johns Hopkins University Press. All rights reserved.Margaret Olivia Little - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6:1-18.
     
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  29.  55
    Dana-Farber cancer institute ethics Rounds: Life-threatening illness and the desire to adopt.Margaret Olivia Little, Walter V. Moczynski, Paul G. Richardson & Steven Joffe - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (4):385-393.
    : Originally presented during Ethic Rounds at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, this commentary on the case of a patient treated for life-threatening cancer explores the responsibilities of health care providers when addressing the patient's desire to adopt a child.
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  30.  21
    Introduction.Margaret Olivia Little - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (1):1-18.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:IntroductionMargaret Olivia Little (bio)Increasingly, conversations in bioethics include questions or claims about the contribution that feminist analyses might offer the field. In March 1995, the Kennedy Institute of Ethics devoted its annual Advanced Bioethics Course to an exploration of feminist approaches to bioethics. This special issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, which supplements the September 1995 issue on principlism and several alternative approaches to health care ethics, (...)
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  31.  41
    Procreative liberty, biological connections, and motherhood.Margaret Olivia Little - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (4):392-396.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Procreative Liberty, Biological Connections, and MotherhoodMargaret Olivia Little (bio)Given the complex and dramatic array of issues currently facing us in reproductive ethics, bioethicists working on the topic might be forgiven feelings of trepidation when they cast their minds toward the next century. Currently, technologies such as artificial insemination by donor (AID), once the source of intense controversy, are used on a routine basis; mainstream newspapers carry advertisements offering “excellent (...)
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  32. The Objectivity of Action-Guiding Morality.Margaret Olivia Little - 1994 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
    I defend moral objectivism against charges that it cannot plausibly preserve or explain morality's action-guiding nature. I take as my starting point the intuitive view that morality has a special connection to motivation: one who genuinely accepts a moral verdict must have a motivating reason to follow its dictates and, indeed, must often enough be motivated to act as it recommends. ;Many have argued that this connection vindicates subjectivism. Some argue that there can be no universally accessible truths whose acknowledgements (...)
     
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  33.  26
    Dimensions of equality Dennis McKerlie 263 imagining interest Stephen G. Engelmann 289 the self-other asymmetry and act-utilitarianism. [REVIEW]Brad Hooker, Joseph Hamburger, Henry Sidgwick, Jonathan Riley, D. Weinstein, Margaret Olivia Little, Desmond King, F. Gaus, J. J. Kupperman & Dale Jamieson - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (3).
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