Results for 'Marcus Hammann'

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  1.  46
    Eros and civilization: a philosophical inquiry into Freud.Herbert Marcuse - 1969 - London,: Sphere.
    Contends that Freud's theory of civilization is substantially sociological, and examines the philosophical and sociological implications of key Freudian ...
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  2.  23
    Tools and techniques in modal logic.Marcus Kracht - 1999 - New York: Elsevier.
    This book treats modal logic as a theory, with several subtheories, such as completeness theory, correspondence theory, duality theory and transfer theory and is intended as a course in modal logic for students who have had prior contact with modal logic and who wish to study it more deeply. It presupposes training in mathematical or logic. Very little specific knowledge is presupposed, most results which are needed are proved in this book.
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  3.  7
    Critique without End(s).Marcus Quent - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):229-243.
    Critique currently leads a life akin to a zombie. It is torn between attempts to surpass it and radical gestures of its dismissal, while moderate forces dwell on the business of inventorying its history. Starting from critique’s historical turn on itself, this essay focuses on destabilization and self-questioning as its essential features. Regarding Adorno’s model, it seeks to locate critique’s focal point before it was split by surpassing and dismissal. This model is still challenging because it is situated at a (...)
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  4.  20
    Power and weakness of the modal display calculus.Marcus Kracht - 1996 - In Heinrich Wansing (ed.), Proof theory of modal logic. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 93--121.
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  5.  73
    Negations: essays in critical theory.Herbert Marcuse - 1968 - London: Free Association Books.
    The struggle against liberalism in the totalitarian view of the state.--The concept of essence.--The affirmative character of culture.--Philosophy and critical theory.--On hedonism.--Industrialization and capitalism in the work of Max Weber.--Love mystified; a critique of Norman O. Brown and a reply to Herbert Marcuse by Norman O. Brown.--Aggressiveness in advanced industrial society.
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  6.  6
    Politics in minutes.Marcus Weeks - 2015 - New York: Quercus.
    Quick, accessible, compact guide to understanding key political concepts. Contents include: Liberty, Justice, Equality, Human rights, Social contract, Democracy, Monarchy, Anarchism, Capitalism, Socialism, Nationalism and Globalisation.
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  7.  55
    Values that create value: Socially responsible business practices in SMEs – empirical evidence from German companies.Eva-Maria Hammann, André Habisch & Harald Pechlaner - 2008 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 18 (1):37-51.
    Socially responsible business and ethical behaviour of companies have been of interest to academia and practice for decades. But the focus has almost exclusively been on large corporations while small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) have not received as much attention. Thus, this paper focuses on socially responsible business practices of SME entrepreneurs or owner–managers in Germany. Based on the assumption that decision-makers in SMEs are the central point where all business activities start, members of a German entrepreneurs association were approached (...)
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  8.  55
    Values that create value: socially responsible business practices in SMEs - empirical evidence from German companies.Eva-Maria Hammann, André Habisch & Harald Pechlaner - 2008 - Business Ethics 18 (1):37-51.
    Socially responsible business and ethical behaviour of companies have been of interest to academia and practice for decades. But the focus has almost exclusively been on large corporations while small- and medium-sized enterprises (SME) have not received as much attention. Thus, this paper focuses on socially responsible business practices of SME entrepreneurs or owner–managers in Germany. Based on the assumption that decision-makers in SMEs are the central point where all business activities start, members of a German entrepreneurs association were approached (...)
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  9.  2
    Get smart: philosophy: the big ideas you should know.Marcus Weeks - 2018 - London: Quercus.
    Can you master the ideas of Plato, Kant, Nietzsche and Sartre? What does 'I think, therefore I am' really mean? Do you know the arguments for and against the existence of god? And what do the great philosophers tell us about knowledge and truth, good and evil? Packed with bite-sized briefings, shortcuts and bluffs, Get Smart: Philosophy demystifies 50 key philosophical concepts and provides you with all you need to speak out about the very biggest ideas.
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  10.  6
    Philosophy in minutes.Marcus Weeks - 2014 - New York: Quercus.
    Philosophy in Minutes distils 200 of the most important philosophical ideas into easily digestible, bite-sized sections. The core information for every topic - including debates such as the role of philosophy in science and religion, key thinkers from Aristotle to Marx, and introductions to morality and ethics - is explained in straightforward language, using illustrations to make the concepts easy to understand and remember. Whether you are perplexed by existentialism or pondering the notion of free will, this accessible small-format book (...)
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  11.  71
    Aesthetics and cognition in Kant's critical philosophy.Marcus Verhaegh - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (2):336-337.
    Marcus Verhaegh - Aesthetics and Cognition in Kant's Critical Philosophy - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:2 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.2 336-337 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Marcus Verhaegh Grand Valley State University Rebecca Kukla, editor. Aesthetics and Cognition in Kant's Critical Philosophy. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Pp. xiii + 309. Cloth, $75.00. This collection of essays focuses on the Critique of Judgment, a work that offers material in aesthetics, (...)
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  12.  96
    The new forms of control.Herbert Marcuse - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and values: essential readings. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 159.
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  13.  32
    The contingent morality of war: establishing a diachronic model of jus ad bellum.Marcus Schulzke - 2015 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (3):264-284.
    According to most accounts of just war theory, jus ad bellum is concerned with the morality of initiating war. This gives jus ad bellum a temporal dimension, making it a set of principles that are applied to judge belligerents’ actions at the outset of a war, but that cannot be revisited after a war begins. I challenge this synchronic conception of jus ad bellum by arguing that the considerations the principles of jus ad bellum are meant to judge can, and (...)
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  14.  96
    Contextualism about knowledge and justification by default.Marcus Willaschek - 2007 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 74 (1):251-272.
    This paper develops a non-relativist version of contextualism about knowledge. It is argued that a plausible contextualism must take into account three features of our practice of attributing knowledge: (1) knowledge-attributions follow a default-and-challenge pattern; (2) there are preconditions for a belief's enjoying the status of being justified by default (e.g. being orthodox); and (3) for an error-possibility to be a serious challenge, there has to be positive evidence that the possibility might be realized in the given situation. It is (...)
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  15. pt. IV: Critical theory. The new forms of control.Herbert Marcuse - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and values: essential readings. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  16.  3
    Inconsciente, consciente e cosmologia em Plotino.Marcus Reis Pinheiro - 2010 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 5:49-57.
    In its first part, this paper deals with some passages of the Eneads in which the notions of consciousness and unconsciousness may be found. In spite of not having terms that correspond exactly to these in Greek, it is clear that Plotinus had very refined notions related to them, going up to indicate that consciousness might not be the epistemological function that defines humans. The multiple aspects of the phyché hyposthesis in Plotinus enables this separation between consciousness and the essence (...)
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  17. Herbert Marcuse's "identity".Peter Marcuse - 2004 - In John Abromeit & W. Mark Cobb (eds.), Herbert Marcuse: a critical reader. New York: Routledge.
     
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  18. Nature and revolution.Herbert Marcuse - 2000 - In Clive Cazeaux (ed.), The Continental Aesthetics Reader. Routledge.
     
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  19. Destroying artworks.Marcus Rossberg - 2013 - In Christy Mag Uidhir (ed.), Art & Abstract Objects. Oxford University Press.
     
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  20. The Cambridge Companion to Analytic Philosophy.Marcus Rossberg (ed.) - forthcoming - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
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  21.  3
    Heads up philosophy.Marcus Weeks - 2014 - New York, N.Y.: DK Publishing.
    Demystifies complex philosophical ideas and debates in a comprehensive format that introduces the major theories of such great philosophers as Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, Friedrich Nietzsche, Epicurus, and Thomas Aquinas.
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  22.  6
    Ernst Tugendhat: Moralbegründung und Gerechtigkeit: Vortrag und Kolloquium in Münster 1997.Marcus Willaschek (ed.) - 1997 - Münster: Lit.
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  23.  3
    Feld, Zeit, Kritik: die feldtheoretische Transzendentalphilosophie von Peter Rohs in der Diskussion.Marcus Willaschek (ed.) - 1997 - Münster: Lit.
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  24. Modalities: philosophical essays.Ruth Barcan Marcus - 1961 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Based on her earlier ground-breaking axiomatization of quantified modal logic, the papers collected here by the distinguished philosopher Ruth Barcan Marcus cover much ground in the development of her thought, spanning from 1961 to 1990. The first essay here introduces themes initially viewed as iconoclastic, such as the necessity of identity, the directly referential role of proper names as "tags", the Barcan Formula about the interplay of possibility and existence, and alternative interpretations of quantification. Marcus also addresses the (...)
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  25.  22
    Der Tod bei Plotin und Plotins Tod in der Vita Plotini des Porphyrios.Christoph Hammann - 2020 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 23 (1):63-99.
    Dieser Beitrag geht der Frage nach, ob zwischen den Schriften Plotins und derVita Plotinides Porphyrios im Hinblick auf das Verständnis des Todes und die Annahme der Unsterblichkeit der Seele eine Kohärenz zu erkennen ist. Dafür wird im ersten Teil zunächst anhand derEnneadengezeigt, was Plotin für sterblich erachtet, wie Plotin den konkreten Vorgang des Sterbens versteht, welche Hintergründe Plotin für Ewigkeit und für Sterblichkeit annimmt, welche Konsequenzen die Bindung der Seele an den Körper nach Plotin für die Seele hat und wie (...)
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  26. L'histoire de l'Eglise à l'écoute de la nouvelle histoire. Esquisse pour l'enseignement de l'histoire du christianisme.G. Hammann - 1989 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 121 (1):27-56.
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  27. Martin Bucer, sa vision de l'Eglise selon le traité "Von der waren Seelsorge" et les développements de la discipline écclésiastique à Strasbourg de 1524 à 1549.Gottfried Hammann - 1981 - In Marc Lienhard (ed.), Croyants et sceptiques au XVIe siècle: le dossier des "Epicuriens": actes. Strasbourg: Librairie ISTRA.
     
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  28.  40
    Analytical Marxism: a critique.Marcus Roberts - 1996 - New York: Verso.
    In the 1980s, leading philosophers at Oxford, Chicago and UCLA undertook a controversial reassessment of Marxism using the techniques of analytical philosophy. The aim of these so-called "Non-Bullshit" Marxists was no less than the complete reconstruction of Marxist theory, recasting it on a logical and rigorous basis, free from all metaphysical jargon and sentimentality. Marcus Roberts's study serves as a lucid survey of the Analytical Marxists' contributions to the understanding of historical materialism, exploitation, class structure, method, politics and ethics—a (...)
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  29. Exploding the myth of Portugal's 'maritime destiny': a postcolonial voyage through EXPO'98.Marcus Power - 2002 - In Alison Blunt & Cheryl McEwan (eds.), Postcolonial geographies. New York, NY: Continuum. pp. 132--51.
     
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  30. Zur kontroverse um die erkennbarkeit Des unterschieDes im advaita- und viśiṣṭādvaita-vedānta.Marcus Schmückevonr - 2002 - In Gerhard Oberhammer & Marion Rastelli (eds.), Studies in Hinduism. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.
     
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  31.  5
    Features in phonological theory.Marcus Kracht - 2003 - In Benedikt Löwe, Thoralf Räsch & Wolfgang Malzkorn (eds.), Foundations of the Formal Sciences II. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 123--149.
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  32.  9
    Alan Donagan: Some reminiscences.G. Singer Marcus - 1994 - In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 104--135.
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  33.  20
    Yhwh's Combat with the Sea: A Canaanite Tradition in the Religion of Israel.David Marcus, Carola Kloos & Yhwh - 1990 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 110 (2):343.
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  34.  49
    Kant-Lexikon.Marcus Willaschek, Jürgen Stolzenberg, Georg Mohr & Stefano Bacin (eds.) - 2015 - Berlin: De Gruyter.
    Kant’s revolutionary new approach to philosophy was accompanied by the introduction of a largely novel terminology. With the Kant-Lexikon, a lexical reference gives the modern reader access to his work on the basis of present-day editions and takes into account 20th century and contemporary research and advances in lexicology. The Kant-Lexikon includes 2395 entries authored by 221 scholars.
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  35. Auditory expectation: The information dynamics of music perception and cognition.Marcus T. Pearce & Geraint A. Wiggins - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (4):625-652.
    Following in a psychological and musicological tradition beginning with Leonard Meyer, and continuing through David Huron, we present a functional, cognitive account of the phenomenon of expectation in music, grounded in computational, probabilistic modeling. We summarize a range of evidence for this approach, from psychology, neuroscience, musicology, linguistics, and creativity studies, and argue that simulating expectation is an important part of understanding a broad range of human faculties, in music and beyond.
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  36. Empirical evidence and the knowledge-that/knowledge-how distinction.Marcus P. Adams - 2009 - Synthese 170 (1):97-114.
    In this article I have two primary goals. First, I present two recent views on the distinction between knowledge-that and knowledge-how (Stanley and Williamson, The Journal of Philosophy 98(8):411–444, 2001; Hetherington, Epistemology futures, 2006). I contend that neither of these provides conclusive arguments against the distinction. Second, I discuss studies from neuroscience and experimental psychology that relate to this distinction. Having examined these studies, I then defend a third view that explains certain relevant data from these studies by positing the (...)
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  37.  18
    Kant on the Sources of Metaphysics: The Dialectic of Pure Reason.Marcus Willaschek - 2018 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant famously criticizes traditional metaphysics and its proofs of immortality, free will and God's existence. What is often overlooked is that Kant also explains why rational beings must ask metaphysical questions about 'unconditioned' objects such as souls, uncaused causes or God, and why answers to these questions will appear rationally compelling to them. In this book, Marcus Willaschek reconstructs and defends Kant's account of the rational sources of metaphysics. After carefully explaining Kant's conceptions (...)
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  38.  5
    Georg Lukacs: Selected Correspondence, 1902-1920.Judith Marcus & Zolton Tar (eds.) - 1986 - New York: Columbia University Press.
  39. Visual Perception as Patterning: Cavendish against Hobbes on Sensation.Marcus Adams - 2016 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 33 (3):193-214.
    Many of Margaret Cavendish’s criticisms of Thomas Hobbes in the Philosophical Letters (1664) relate to the disorder and damage that she holds would result if Hobbesian pressure were the cause of visual perception. In this paper, I argue that her “two men” thought experiment in Letter IV is aimed at a different goal: to show the explanatory potency of her account. First, I connect Cavendish’s view of visual perception as “patterning” to the “two men” thought experiment in Letter IV. Second, (...)
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  40. Social Preference Under Twofold Uncertainty.Philippe Mongin & Marcus Pivato - forthcoming - Economic Theory.
    We investigate the conflict between the ex ante and ex post criteria of social welfare in a new framework of individual and social decisions, which distinguishes between two sources of uncertainty, here interpreted as an objective and a subjective source respectively. This framework makes it possible to endow the individuals and society not only with ex ante and ex post preferences, as is usually done, but also with interim preferences of two kinds, and correspondingly, to introduce interim forms of the (...)
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  41. Interpreting Intuitions.Marcus McGahhey & Neil Van Leeuwen - 2018 - In Julie Kirsch Patrizia Pedrini (ed.), Third-Person Self-Knowledge, Self-Interpretation, and Narrative. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 73-98.
    We argue that many intuitions do not have conscious propositional contents. In particular, many of the intuitions had in response to philosophical thought experiments, like Gettier cases, do not have such contents. They are more like hunches, urgings, murky feelings, and twinges. Our view thus goes against the received view of intuitions in philosophy, which we call Mainstream Propositionalism. Our positive view is that many thought-experimental intuitions are conscious, spontaneous, non-theoretical, non-propositional psychological states that often motivate belief revision, but they (...)
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  42.  25
    Public justification and expert disagreement over non-pharmaceutical interventions for the COVID-19 pandemic.Marcus Dahlquist & Henrik D. Kugelberg - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (1):9–13.
    A wide range of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) have been introduced to stop or slow down the COVID-19 pandemic. Examples include school closures, environmental cleaning and disinfection, mask mandates, restrictions on freedom of assembly and lockdowns. These NPIs depend on coercion for their effectiveness, either directly or indirectly. A widely held view is that coercive policies need to be publicly justified—justified to each citizen—to be legitimate. Standardly, this is thought to entail that there is a scientific consensus on the factual propositions (...)
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  43. Wanting and willing.Eric Marcus - 2020 - European Journal of Philosophy 29 (4):887-899.
    How homogenous are the sources of human motivation? Textbook Humeans hold that every human action is motivated by desire, thus any heterogeneity derives from differing objects of desire. Textbook Kantians hold that although some human actions are motivated by desire, others are motivated by reason. One question in this vicinity concerns whether there are states such that to be in one is at once take the world to be a certain way and to be motivated to act: the state-question. My (...)
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  44.  77
    Visual Thinking in Mathematics: An Epistemological Study.Marcus Giaquinto - 2007 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Marcus Giaquinto presents an investigation into the different kinds of visual thinking involved in mathematical thought, drawing on work in cognitive psychology, philosophy, and mathematics. He argues that mental images and physical diagrams are rarely just superfluous aids: they are often a means of discovery, understanding, and even proof.
  45.  91
    The ethical application of biometric facial recognition technology.Marcus Smith & Seumas Miller - 2022 - AI and Society 37 (1):167-175.
    Biometric facial recognition is an artificial intelligence technology involving the automated comparison of facial features, used by law enforcement to identify unknown suspects from photographs and closed circuit television. Its capability is expanding rapidly in association with artificial intelligence and has great potential to solve crime. However, it also carries significant privacy and other ethical implications that require law and regulation. This article examines the rise of biometric facial recognition, current applications and legal developments, and conducts an ethical analysis of (...)
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  46.  11
    God or the divine?: religious transcendence beyond Monism and theism, between personality and impersonality.Bernhard Nitsche & Marcus Schmücker (eds.) - 2023 - Boston: De Gruyter.
    Is there a language of transcendence which does not fall under the well-worn categories of monism, theism, pantheism, biblical or pagan monotheism, personal or tripersonal God, or an impersonal absolute, conceived as immanent and/or transcendent? The present set of studies from different fields of research centers on the question whether it is possible to speak at all of transcendence or a divinity, and if it is, under what limitations does such speech proceed. In current discussion in theology and in philosophy (...)
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  47. Mental time-travel, semantic flexibility, and A.I. ethics.Marcus Arvan - 2023 - AI and Society 38 (6):2577-2596.
    This article argues that existing approaches to programming ethical AI fail to resolve a serious moral-semantic trilemma, generating interpretations of ethical requirements that are either too semantically strict, too semantically flexible, or overly unpredictable. This paper then illustrates the trilemma utilizing a recently proposed ‘general ethical dilemma analyzer,’ GenEth. Finally, it uses empirical evidence to argue that human beings resolve the semantic trilemma using general cognitive and motivational processes involving ‘mental time-travel,’ whereby we simulate different possible pasts and futures. I (...)
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  48.  16
    Modal Logic.Marcus Kracht - 2002 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):299-301.
  49. Visual thinking in mathematics: an epistemological study.Marcus Giaquinto - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Visual thinking -- visual imagination or perception of diagrams and symbol arrays, and mental operations on them -- is omnipresent in mathematics. Is this visual thinking merely a psychological aid, facilitating grasp of what is gathered by other means? Or does it also have epistemological functions, as a means of discovery, understanding, and even proof? By examining the many kinds of visual representation in mathematics and the diverse ways in which they are used, Marcus Giaquinto argues that visual thinking (...)
  50.  21
    A reelaboração do transcendental em Merleau-Ponty.Marcus Sacrini - 2012 - Doispontos 9 (1).
    In this paper, I argue that Merleau-Ponty reformulates traditional transcendental philosophy in the sense of showing that the a priori conditions of experience cannot be separated from the concrete experiences of the embodiedsubject. In the first section, I revisit Kant and Husserl, to analyze how these authors delimit the transcendental conditions as a formal domain independent from any concrete experience. Then I reconstruct the argumentative move through which Merleau-Ponty rejects this formal delimitation of the transcendental sphere and reintroduces it as (...)
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