Results for 'Marco Scarsini'

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  1. On s-Convexity and Risk Aversion.Denuit Michel, Lefevre Claude & Scarsini Marco - 2001 - Theory and Decision 50 (3).
     
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  2.  56
    On S-Convexity and Risk Aversion.Michel Denuit, Claude Lefèvre & Marco Scarsini - 2001 - Theory and Decision 50 (3):239-248.
    The present note first discusses the concept of s-convex pain functions in decision theory. Then, the economic behavior of an agent with such a pain function is represented through the comparison of some recursive lotteries.
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  3.  41
    Even Risk-Averters May Love Risk.Alfred Müller & Marco Scarsini - 2002 - Theory and Decision 52 (1):81-99.
    A decision maker bets on the outcomes of a sequence of coin-tossings. At the beginning of the game the decision maker can choose one of two coins to play the game. This initial choice is irreversible. The coins can be biased and the player is uncertain about the nature of one (or possibly both) coin(s). If the player is an expected-utility maximizer, her choice of the coin will depend on different elements: the nature of the game (namely, whether she can (...)
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  4.  46
    Marco Polo Milion: An Unknown Source Concerning Marco Polo.Marco Pozza - 2006 - Mediaeval Studies 68 (1):285-301.
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  5.  16
    Marcos García de la Huerta. Réflexions sur la politique et la culture en Amérique Latine. Lectures et délectures. L’ Harmattan, Paris, 2016. [REVIEW]Marcos Aguirre - 2017 - Revista de Filosofía 73:357-358.
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  6.  23
    Marco Del Seta, Review of On the Reliability of Economic Models by Daniel Little. [REVIEW]Marco Del Seta - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (4):730-732.
  7.  7
    An Agency Model of Consent and the Standards of Disclosure in Health Care: Knowing‐How to Reach Respectful Shared Decisions Among Real Persons.Marco Antonio Azevedo & Darlei Dall'Agnol - 2020 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 26 (2):389-396.
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  8.  33
    Hugo Grotius and the Century of Revolution 1613–1718: Transnational Reception in English Political Thought, Written by Marco Barducci. [REVIEW]Marco Barducci - 2018 - Grotiana 39 (1):137-151.
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  9.  6
    La ciencia, la religión y la vida: una conversación con Marcos Aguinis.Marcos R. Paseggi - 2005 - Enfoques 17 (2):175-185.
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  10. Lo strabismo dello storico (fra gli antichi e noi). Intervista teorico-biografica. A cura di Marco Solinas.Mario Vegetti & Marco Solinas - 2008 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 21 (3):529-568.
  11.  24
    Is That Stone Genuine?: Marco Beretta: The Alchemy of Glass: Counterfeit, Imitation and Transmutation in Ancient Glassmaking. Sagamore Beach, MA: Science History Publications, 2009, 208pp, $59.95 HB.Marcos Martinón-Torres - 2012 - Metascience 21 (2):489-492.
    Is that stone genuine? Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9577-6 Authors Marcos Martinón-Torres, Institute of Archaeology, University College London, 31-34 Gordon Square, London, WC1H OPY UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  12. Guest Editorial: Marco Somalvico Memorial Issue.Ephraim Nissan, Giuseppina Gini & Marco Colombetti - 2009 - In L. Magnani (ed.), Computational Intelligence. pp. 25--2.
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  13.  6
    Um Ensaio Histórico Sobre a Cavalaria E a Honra Dos Modernos David Hume Apresentação E Tradução: Marcos Fonseca Ribeiro Balieiro.David Hume & Marcos Fonseca Ribeiro Balieiro - 2017 - Prometeus: Filosofia em Revista 10 (23).
    O texto a seguir, intitulado “Ensaio Histórico sobre a Cavalaria e a Honra dos Modernos”, foi escrito durante a juventude de David Hume, certamente antes da publicação do Tratado da Natureza Humana. Ainda não há consenso inabalável sobre o ano em que esse ensaio foi produzido. John Hill Burton, que o publicou pela primeira vez, em 1846, considera que Hume o teria escrito em 1727, logo após deixar o Edimburgh College. J. Y. T. Greig propõe uma conjectura um pouco mais, (...)
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  14. Inside the Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: For a Decentralized Approach. Interview of James Brusseau by Marco Emanuele.James Brusseau & Marco Emanuele - 2021 - The Science of Where.
    Interview by Marco Emanuele of James Brusseau. October 27, 2021, The Science of Where. Topics include: AI ethics, Accelerationism, Decentralization.
     
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  15. Fake News, Conspiracy Theorizing, and Intellectual Vice.Marco Meyer & Mark Alfano - 2022 - In Mark Alfano, Colin Klein & Jeroen de Ridder (eds.), Social Virtue Epistemology. Routledge.
    Across two studies, one of which was pre-registered, we find that a simple questionnaire that measures intellectual virtue and vice predicts how many fake news articles and conspiracy theories participants accept. This effect holds even when controlling for multiple demographic predictors, including age, household income, sex, education, ethnicity, political affiliation, religion, and news consumption. These results indicate that self-report is an adequate way to measure intellectual virtue and vice, which suggests that they are not fully immune to introspective awareness or (...)
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  16.  17
    Discrezionalità e modalità di azione del pubblico ministero nel procedimento penale.Marco Fabri - 1997 - Polis 11 (2):171-192.
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  17.  46
    The Consequence of the Consequence Argument.Marco Hausmann - 2020 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 34 (4):45-70.
    The aim of my paper is to compare three alternative formal reconstructions of van Inwagen’s famous argument for incompatibilism. In the first part of my paper, I examine van Inwagen’s own reconstruction within a propositional modal logic. I point out that, due to the expressive limitations of his propositional modal logic, van Inwagen is unable to argue directly (that is, within his formal framework) for incompatibilism. In the second part of my paper, I suggest to reconstruct van Inwagen’s argument within (...)
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  18.  5
    Effects of Metabolic Syndrome on Cognitive Performance of Adults During Exercise.Marco Guicciardi, Antonio Crisafulli, Azzurra Doneddu, Daniela Fadda & Romina Lecis - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  19.  9
    Free Will: Historical and Analytic Perspectives.Marco Hausmann & Jörg Noller (eds.) - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This novel contributed volume advances the current debate on free will by bridging the divide between analytic and historically oriented approaches to the problem. With thirteen chapters by leading academics in the field, the volume is divided into three parts: free will and determinism, free will and indeterminism, and free will and moral responsibility. The contributors aim to initiate a philosophical discourse that profits from a combination of the two approaches. On the one hand, the analytic tools familiar from the (...)
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  20.  84
    The Right to Credit.Marco Meyer - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (3):304-326.
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  21.  74
    Implementing Corporate Responsibility – the Chiquita Case.Marco Were - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2-3):247 - 260.
    This article gives a practice-based overview of the implementation aspects of Corporate Responsibility. After discussing the success factors for implementing Corporate Responsibility, the article describes a model for implementing Corporate Responsibility. Special attention is given to the success factors in the subsequent phases of implementation (sensitivity to the organizational environment, awareness of core values and clear leadership), to ensure that the most optimal results attainable for the organization can be reached. The implementation-model is clarified by looking at experiences in implementing (...)
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  22.  33
    Implementing Corporate Responsibility — The Chiquita Case.Marco Were - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2-3):247-260.
    This article gives a practice-based overview of the implementation aspects of Corporate Responsibility. After discussing the success factors for implementing Corporate Responsibility, the article describes a model for implementing Corporate Responsibility. Special attention is given to the success factors in the subsequent phases of implementation (sensitivity to the organizational environment, awareness of core values and clear leadership), to ensure that the most optimal results attainable for the organization can be reached. The implementation-model is clarified by looking at experiences in implementing (...)
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  23. Aristotle and the Problems of Method in Ethics.Marco Zingano - 2007 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 32:297-330.
  24.  30
    Representaciones sociales del asociativismo municipal en educación: un marco conceptual para la educación chilena.María Soledad Erazo Jimenez, Marco Villalta Páucar & Marcelo Morales Jeldes - 2012 - Polis: Revista Latinoamericana 31.
    En el presente artículo se analiza las posibilidades de la teoría de las Representaciones Sociales (RS) para, desde la perspectiva de los sujetos, analizar los elementos cognitivos implicados y socialmente construidos que sustentan las acciones de gestión micro y macro institucional, y de coordinación entre varias municipalidades de un mismo territorio, lo que la literatura de gestión denomina trabajo asociativo o asociativismo. Interesan específicamente las representaciones sociales de la asociatividad en el tema educativo, desde actores político-administrativos y profesionales implicados en (...)
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  25.  19
    The Uniqueness of Necessary Truth and the Status of S4 and S5.Marco Hausmann - 2021 - Theoria 87 (6):1635-1650.
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  26.  92
    Moral Peer Disagreement and the Limits of Higher-Order Evidence.Marco Tiozzo - 2020 - In Michael Klenk (ed.), Higher-Order Evidence and Moral Epistemology. Routledge.
    Abstract. This paper argues that the “Argument from Moral Peer Disagreement” fails to make a case for widespread moral skepticism. The main reason for this is that the argument rests on a too strong assumption about the normative significance of peer disagreement (and higher-order evidence more generally). In order to demonstrate this, I distinguish two competing ways in which one might explain higher-order defeat. According to what I call the “Objective Defeat Explanation” it is the mere possession of higher-order evidence (...)
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  27.  18
    Moral Standards in Managerial Decisions: In Search of a Comprehensive Theoretical Framework.Marcos Luís Procópio - 2019 - Business Ethics: A European Review 28 (2):261-274.
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  28.  25
    Defining Voluntariness.Marco Zingano - 2021 - Ancient Philosophy 41 (1):143-166.
  29.  8
    Technoscientific Approaches to Deep Time.Marco Tamborini - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 79:57-67.
  30.  17
    The Development and Validation of the Epistemic Vice Scale.Marco Meyer, Mark Alfano & Boudewijn de Bruin - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-28.
    This paper presents two studies on the development and validation of a ten-item scale of epistemic vice and the relationship between epistemic vice and misinformation and fake news. Epistemic vices have been defined as character traits that interfere with acquiring, maintaining, and transmitting knowledge. Examples of epistemic vice are gullibility and indifference to knowledge. It has been hypothesized that epistemically vicious people are especially susceptible to misinformation and conspiracy theories. We conducted one exploratory and one confirmatory observational survey study on (...)
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  31.  79
    The Misfortunes of Moral Enhancement.Marco Antonio Azevedo - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (5):461-479.
    In Unfit for the Future, Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu present a sophisticated argument in defense of the imperative of moral enhancement. They claim that without moral enhancement, the future of humanity is seriously compromised. The possibility of ultimate harm, caused by a dreadful terrorist attack or by a final unpreventable escalation of the present environmental crisis aggravated by the availability of cognitive enhancement, makes moral enhancement a top priority. It may be considered optimistic to think that our present moral (...)
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  32. Explaining Higher-Order Defeat.Marco Tiozzo - forthcoming - Acta Analytica:1-17.
    Higher-order evidence appears to have the ability to defeat rational belief. It is not obvious, however, why exactly the defeat happens. In this paper, I consider two competing explanations of higher-order defeat: the “Objective Higher-Order Defeat Explanation” and the “Subjective Higher-Order Defat Explanation.” According to the former explanation, possessing sufciently strong higher-order evidence to indicate that one’s belief about p fails to be rational is necessary and sufcient for defeating one’s belief about p. I argue that this type of explanation (...)
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  33.  5
    Intolerance of Uncertainty and Anxiety-Related Dispositions Predict Pain During Upper Endoscopy.Marco Lauriola, Manuela Tomai, Rossella Palma, Gaia La Spina, Anastasia Foglia, Cristina Panetta, Marilena Raniolo & Stefano Pontone - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34.  18
    Paleontology and Darwin’s Theory of Evolution: The Subversive Role of Statistics at the End of the 19th Century.Marco Tamborini - 2015 - Journal of the History of Biology 48 (4):575-612.
    This paper examines the subversive role of statistics paleontology at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. In particular, I will focus on German paleontology and its relationship with statistics. I argue that in paleontology, the quantitative method was questioned and strongly limited by the first decade of the 20th century because, as its opponents noted, when the fossil record is treated statistically, it was found to generate results openly in conflict with the Darwinian theory (...)
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  35.  73
    The Consequence Argument Ungrounded.Marco Hausmann - 2018 - Synthese 195 (11):4931-4950.
    Peter van Inwagen’s original formulation of the Consequence Argument employed an inference rule that was shown to be invalid given van Inwagen’s interpretation of the modal operators in the Consequence Argument. In response, van Inwagen recently suggested a revised interpretation of his modal operators. Following up on a debate between Blum and Schnieder, I analyze van Inwagen’s revised interpretation in terms of explanatory notions and I argue that van Inwagen faces a dilemma: he either has to admit that beta entails (...)
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  36.  14
    The Intolerance of Uncertainty Inventory: Validity and Comparison of Scoring Methods to Assess Individuals Screening Positive for Anxiety and Depression.Marco Lauriola, Oriana Mosca, Cristina Trentini, Renato Foschi, Renata Tambelli & R. Nicholas Carleton - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  37.  16
    The Definition of Particular Justice.Marco Zingano - 2020 - Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 38 (2):269-290.
  38.  6
    Challenging the Adaptationist Paradigm: Morphogenesis, Constraints, and Constructions.Marco Tamborini - 2020 - Journal of the History of Biology 53 (2):269-294.
    In this paper, I argue that the German morphological tradition made a major contribution to twentieth-century study of form. Several scientists paved the way for this research: paleontologist Adolf Seilacher, entomologist Hermann Weber, and biologist Johann-Gerhard Helmcke together with architect Frei Otto. All of them sought to examine morphogenetic processes to illustrate their inherent structural properties, thus challenging the neo-Darwinian framework of evolutionary theory. I point out that the German theoretical challenge to adaptationist thinking was possible through an exchange and (...)
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  39.  12
    Modeling Language and Cognition with Deep Unsupervised Learning: A Tutorial Overview.Marco Zorzi, Alberto Testolin & Ivilin P. Stoianov - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  40. A Neuroscientific Perspective on the Computational Theory of Social Groups.Marco K. Wittmann, Nadira S. Faber & Claus Lamm - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    We welcome a computational theory on social groups, yet we argue it would benefit from a broader scope. A neuroscientific perspective offers the possibility to disentangle which computations employed in a group context are genuinely social in nature. Concurrently, we emphasize that a unifying theory of social groups needs to additionally consider higher-level processes like motivations and emotions.
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  41. Marco de Angelis: Die Rolle des Einflusses von JJ Rousseau auf die Herausbildung von Hegels Jugendideal. Ein Versuch, die dunklen Jahre (1789-1792) der Jugendentwicklung Hegels zu erhellen. Frankfurt a. M.[usw.]: Lang 1995. XX, 333 S.(Hegeliana. Bd. 4.). [REVIEW]Joji Yorikawa - 2000 - Hegel-Studien 35:164-166.
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  42.  2
    Is Gene Editing Harmless? Two Arguments for Gene Editing.Julian Savulescu & Marcos Alonso - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (9):23-28.
    … the decision to genome edit will almost certainly be identity affecting, as a couple will usually make it before they have created any embryos and the process itself will, at the...
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  43. Notas Sobre o Princípio de Não Contradição Em Aristóteles.Marco Zingano - 2003 - Cadernos de História E Filosofia da Ciência 13 (1).
    One crucial part of the Aristotle´s discussion of the principle of non-contradiction in Metaphysics IV 4 is his notion of semainein hen, which must be carefully distinguished from the closely connected notion of semainein kath´ henos. The Aristotelian proof is located at 1006b28-34 and it is argued that it does not suppose any bit of essentialism nor does it contain any petitio principii; some improvements are further proposed to the current translations.
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  44. Précis de philosophie de la logique et des mathématiques, Volume 2, philosophie des mathématiques.Andrew Arana & Marco Panza (eds.) - 2022 - Paris: Editions de la Sorbonne.
    The project of this Précis de philosophie de la logique et des mathématiques (vol. 1 under the direction of F. Poggiolesi and P. Wagner, vol. 2 under the direction of A. Arana and M. Panza) aims to offer a rich, systematic and clear introduction to the main contemporary debates in the philosophy of mathematics and logic. The two volumes bring together the contributions of thirty researchers (twelve for the philosophy of logic and eighteen for the philosophy of mathematics), specialists in (...)
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  45. Epistemic Vice Predicts Acceptance of Covid-19 Misinformation.Marco Meyer, Mark Alfano & Boudewijn De Bruin -
    Why are mistaken beliefs about Covid-19 so prevalent? Political identity, education and other demographic variables explain only a part of individual differences in the susceptibility to Covid-19 misinformation. This paper focuses on another explanation: epistemic vice. Epistemic vices are character traits that interfere with acquiring, maintaining, and transmitting knowledge. If the basic assumption of vice epistemology is right, then people with epistemic vices such as indifference to the truth or rigidity in their belief structures will tend to be more susceptible (...)
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  46.  46
    The Argument From Potentiality in the Embryo Protection Debate: Finally “Depotentialized”?Marco Stier & Bettina Schoene-Seifert - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):19-27.
    Debates on the moral status of human embryos have been highly and continuously controversial. For many, these controversies have turned into a fruitless scholastical endeavor. However, recent developments and insights in cellular biology have cast further doubt on one of the core points of dissent: the argument from potentiality. In this article we want to show in a nonscholastical way why this argument cannot possibly survive. Getting once more into the intricacies of status debates is a must in our eyes. (...)
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  47. Constructing the Context Through Goals and Schemata: Top-Down Processes in Comprehension and Beyond.Marco Mazzone - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
    My main purpose here is to provide an account of context selection in utterance understanding in terms of the role played by schemata and goals in top-down processing. The general idea is that information is organized hierarchically, with items iteratively organized in chunks—here called “schemata”—at multiple levels, so that the activation of any items spreads to schemata that are the most accessible due to previous experience. The activation of a schema, in turn, activates its other components, so as to predict (...)
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  48.  15
    A Theory and a Computational Model of Spatial Reasoning with Preferred Mental Models.Marco Ragni & Markus Knauff - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):561-588.
  49.  47
    CLAUDETTE: An Automated Detector of Potentially Unfair Clauses in Online Terms of Service.Marco Lippi, Przemysław Pałka, Giuseppe Contissa, Francesca Lagioia, Hans-Wolfgang Micklitz, Giovanni Sartor & Paolo Torroni - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 27 (2):117-139.
    Terms of service of on-line platforms too often contain clauses that are potentially unfair to the consumer. We present an experimental study where machine learning is employed to automatically detect such potentially unfair clauses. Results show that the proposed system could provide a valuable tool for lawyers and consumers alike.
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  50. Concepts: Stored or Created?Marco Mazzone & Elisabetta Lalumera - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (1):47-68.
    Are concepts stable entities, unchanged from context to context? Or rather are they context-dependent structures, created on the fly? We argue that this does not constitute a genuine dilemma. Our main thesis is that the more a pattern of features is general and shared, the more it qualifies as a concept. Contextualists have not shown that conceptual structures lack a stable, general core, acting as an attractor on idiosyncratic information. What they have done instead is to give a contribution to (...)
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