74 found
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  1. Species of Mind: The Philosophy and Biology of Cognitive Ethology.Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff (eds.) - 1997 - MIT Press.
    The heart of this book is the reciprocal relationship between philosophical theories of mind and empirical studies of animal cognition.
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  2.  6
    Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals.Marc Bekoff & Jessica Pierce - 2009 - University of Chicago Press.
    Scientists have long counseled against interpreting animal behavior in terms of human emotions, warning that such anthropomorphizing limits our ability to understand animals as they really are. Yet what are we to make of a female gorilla in a German zoo who spent days mourning the death of her baby? Or a wild female elephant who cared for a younger one after she was injured by a rambunctious teenage male? Or a rat who refused to push a lever for food (...)
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  3.  1
    Wild Justice: The Moral Lives of Animals.Marc Bekoff & Jessica Pierce - 2009 - University of Chicago Press.
    Scientists have long counseled against interpreting animal behavior in terms of human emotions, warning that such anthropomorphizing limits our ability to understand animals as they really are. Yet what are we to make of a female gorilla in a German zoo who spent days mourning the death of her baby? Or a wild female elephant who cared for a younger one after she was injured by a rambunctious teenage male? Or a rat who refused to push a lever for food (...)
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  4.  3
    Nature’s Purposes: Analyses of Function and Design in Biology.Colin Allen, Marc Bekoff & George Lauder (eds.) - 1997 - MIT Press.
    This volume provides a guide to the discussion among biologists and philosophersabout the role of concepts such as function and design in an evolutionary understanding oflife.
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  5.  95
    The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition.Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.) - 2002 - MIT Press.
    The fifty-seven original essays in this book provide a comprehensive overview of the interdisciplinary field of animal cognition.
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  6.  23
    Reflective Ethology, Applied Philosophy, and the Moral Status of Animals.Marc Bekoff & Dale Jamieson - manuscript
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  7. Biological Function, Adaptation, and Natural Design.Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (4):609-622.
    Recently something close to a consensus about the best way to naturalize the notion of biological function appears to be emerging. Nonetheless, teleological notions in biology remain controversial. In this paper we provide a naturalistic analysis for the notion of natural design. Many authors assume that natural design should be assimilated directly to function. Others find the notion problematic because it suggests that evolution is a directed process. We argue that both of these views are mistaken. Our naturalistic account does (...)
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  8. Wild Justice and Fair Play: Cooperation, Forgiveness, and Morality in Animals. [REVIEW]Marc Bekoff - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):489-520.
    In this paper I argue that we can learn much about wild justice and the evolutionary origins of social morality – behaving fairly – by studying social play behavior in group-living animals, and that interdisciplinary cooperation will help immensely. In our efforts to learn more about the evolution of morality we need to broaden our comparative research to include animals other than non-human primates. If one is a good Darwinian, it is premature to claim that only humans can be empathic (...)
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  9. Animal Minds, Cognitive Ethology, and Ethics.Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff - 2007 - The Journal of Ethics 11 (3):299-317.
    Our goal in this paper is to provide enough of an account of the origins of cognitive ethology and the controversy surrounding it to help ethicists to gauge for themselves how to balance skepticism and credulity about animal minds when communicating with scientists. We believe that ethicists’ arguments would benefit from better understanding of the historical roots of ongoing controversies. It is not appropriate to treat some widely reported results in animal cognition as if their interpretations are a matter of (...)
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  10.  14
    The Communication of Play Intention: Are Play Signals Functional?Marc Bekoff - 1975 - Semiotica 15 (3).
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  11.  20
    Birdsong and the “Problem” of Nature and Nurture: Endless Chirping About Inadequate Evidence or Merely Singing the Blues About Inevitable Biases in, and Limitations of, Human Inference?Marc Bekoff - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (4):631-631.
  12.  61
    Readings in Animal Cognition.Marc Bekoff & Dale W. Jamieson (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
    This collection of 24 readings is the first comprehensive treatment of important topics by leading figures in the rapidly growing interdisciplinary field of...
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  13.  55
    Cognitive Ethology: Slayers, Skeptics, and Proponents.Marc Bekoff & Colin Allen - 1997 - In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press. pp. 313--334.
  14. Animal Play and the Evolution of Morality: An Ethological Approach.Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff - 2005 - Topoi 24 (2):125-135.
    In this paper we argue that there is much to learn about “wild justice” and the evolutionary origins of morality – behaving fairly – by studying social play behavior in group-living mammals. Because of its relatively wide distribution among the mammals, ethological investigation of play, informed by interdisciplinary cooperation, can provide a comparative perspective on the evolution of ethical behavior that is broader than is provided by the usual focus on primate sociality. Careful analysis of social play reveals rules of (...)
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  15. Animal Passions and Beastly Virtues: Cognitive Ethology as the Unifying Science for Understanding the Subjective, Emotional, Empathic, and Moral Lives of Animals.Marc Bekoff - 2006 - Zygon 41 (1):71-104.
  16.  3
    Readings in Animal Cognition.Dale Jamieson & Marc Bekoff (eds.) - 1996 - MIT Press.
    Table of Contents Perspectives on Animal Cognition Chapter 1 The Myth of Anthropomorphism John Andrew Fisher Chapter 2 Gendered Knowledge? Examining Influences on Scientific and Ethological Inquiries Lori Gruen Chapter 3 Interpretive Cognitive Ethology Hugh Wilder Chapter 4 Concept Attribution in Nonhuman Animals: Theoretical and Methodological Problems in Ascribing Complex Mental Processes Colin Allen and Marc Hauser Cognitive and Evolutionary Explanations Chapter 5 On Aims and Methods of Cognitive Ethology Dale Jamieson and Marc Bekoff Chapter 6 Aspects of the Cognitive (...)
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  17. Animal Passions and Beastly Virtues: Reflections on Redecorating Nature.Marc Bekoff (ed.) - 2006 - Temple University Press.
    Who hasn't wondered what it's like to be a dog or bird? Such questions seem unanswerable because we have no way of getting into an animal's mind. Marc Bekoff's work on animal behavior and mind draws world-wide attention for its originality and its probing into what animals might know as well as what skills are needed to live life successfully as a member of a particular species. Convinced that individuals of every species have some level of self-awareness, Bekoff embarks on (...)
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  18.  13
    Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare.Marc Bekoff & Carron A. Meaney (eds.) - 1998 - Greenwood Press.
    Presents alphabetically arranged entries on animal rights, covering such topics as endangered species, animal rescue, law and legislation, diseases, breeding practices, and animal cognition.
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  19.  46
    On Aims and Methods of Cognitive Ethology.Dale Jamieson & Marc Bekoff - 1992 - Philosophy of Science Association 1992:110-124.
    In 1963 Niko Tinbergen published a paper, "On Aims and Methods of Ethology," dedicated to his friend Konrad Lorenz. Here Tinbergen defines ethology as "the biological study of behavior," and seeks to demonstrate "the close affinity between Ethology and the rest of Biology." Tinbergen identifies four major areas of ethology: causation, survival value, evolution, and ontogeny. Our goal is to attempt for cognitive ethology what Tinbergen succeeded in doing for ethology: to clarify its aims and methods, to distinguish some of (...)
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  20.  46
    Social Play Behaviour. Cooperation, Fairness, Trust, and the Evolution of Morality.Marc Bekoff - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (2):81-90.
    Here I briefly discuss some comparative data on social play behaviour in hope of broadening the array of species in which researchers attempt to study animal morality. I am specifically concerned with the notion of ‘behaving fairly'. In the term ‘behaving fairly’ I use as a working guide the notion that animals often have social expectations when they engage in various sorts of social encounters the violation of which constitutes being treated unfairly because of a lapse in social etiquette. I (...)
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  21. Cognitive Ethology and the Intentionality of Animal Behavior.Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff - 1995 - Mind and Language 10 (4):313-328.
  22. Compassion as a Practical and Evolved Ethic for Conservation.Marc Bekoff & Daniel Ramp - 2016 - In Bernice Bovenkerk & Jozef Keulartz (eds.), Animal Ethics in the Age of Humans: Blurring Boundaries in Human-Animal Relationships. Springer.
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  23.  38
    On Aims and Methods of Cognitive Ethology.Dale Jamieson & Marc Bekoff - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:110-124.
    In 1963 Niko Tinbergen published a paper, "On Aims and Methods of Ethology," dedicated to his friend Konrad Lorenz. Here Tinbergen defines ethology as "the biological study of behavior," and seeks to demonstrate "the close affinity between Ethology and the rest of Biology." Tinbergen identifies four major areas of ethology: causation, survival value, evolution, and ontogeny. Our goal is to attempt for cognitive ethology what Tinbergen succeeded in doing for ethology: to clarify its aims and methods, to distinguish some of (...)
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  24. Consciousness and Self in Animals: Some Reflections.Marc Bekoff - 2003 - Zygon 38 (2):229-245.
    In this essay I argue that many nonhuman animal beings are conscious and have some sense of self. Rather than ask whether they are conscious, I adopt an evolutionary perspective and ask why consciousness and a sense of self evolved---what are they good for? Comparative studies of animal cognition, ethological investigations that explore what it is like to be a certain animal, are useful for answering this question. Charles Darwin argued that the differences in cognitive abilities and emotions among animals (...)
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  25.  2
    Ethics and the Study of Carnivores: Doing Science While Respecting Animals.Marc Bekoff & Dale Jamieson - 2006 - In Animal Passions and Beastly Virtues: Reflections on Redecorating Nature. Temple University Press. pp. 232-261.
    The human relationship to nature is a deeply ambiguous one. Human animals are both a part of nature and distinct from it. They are part of nature in the sense that, like other forms of life, they were brought into existence by natural processes, and, like other forms of life, they are dependent on their environment for survival and success. Yet humans are also reflective animals with sophisticated cultural systems. Because of their immense power and their ability to wield it (...)
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  26. Carruthers on Nonconscious Experience.Dale W. Jamieson & Marc Bekoff - 1992 - Analysis 52 (1):23-28.
  27. Intentionality, Social Play, and Definition.Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (1):63-74.
    Social play is naturally characterized in intentional terms. An evolutionary account of social play could help scientists to understand the evolution of cognition and intentionality. Alexander Rosenberg (1990) has argued that if play is characterized intentionally or functionally, it is not a behavioral phenotype suitable for evolutionary explanation. If he is right, his arguments would threaten many projects in cognitive ethology. We argue that Rosenberg's arguments are unsound and that intentionally and functionally characterized phenotypes are a proper domain for ethological (...)
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  28.  84
    Animals Matter: A Biologist Explains Why We Should Treat Animals with Compassion and Respect.Marc Bekoff - 2007 - Distributed in the United States by Random House.
    Bekoff urges us not only to understand and protect animals—especially those whose help we want for our research and other human needs—but to love and ...
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  29.  17
    Afterward: Ethics and the Study of Animal Cognition.Dale Jamieson & Marc Bekoff - 1996 - In Colin Allen & D. Jamison (eds.), Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 359--71.
  30. Deep Ethology, Animal Rights, and the Great Ape/Animal Project: Resisting Speciesism and Expanding the Community of Equals. [REVIEW]Marc Bekoff - 1997 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (3):269-296.
    In this essay I argue that the evolutionary and comparative study of nonhuman animal (hereafter animal) cognition in a wide range of taxa by cognitive ethologists can readily inform discussions about animal protection and animal rights. However, while it is clear that there is a link between animal cognitive abilities and animal pain and suffering, I agree with Jeremy Bentham who claimed long ago the real question does not deal with whether individuals can think or reason but rather with whether (...)
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  31. The Evolution of Animal Play, Emotions, and Social Morality: On Science, Theology, Spirituality, Per.Marc Bekoff - 2001 - Zygon 36 (4):615-655.
  32.  56
    Minding Animals, Minding Earth: Old Brains, New Bottlenecks.Marc Bekoff - 2003 - Zygon 38 (4):911-941.
    . I emphasize the importance of broadening behavioral, ecological, and conservation science into a more integrative, interdisciplinary, socially responsible, compassionate, spiritual, and holistic endeavor. I stress the significance of studies of animal behavior, especially ethological research concerned with animal emotions in which individuals are named and recognized for their own personalities, for helping us to learn not only about the nonhuman animal beings with whom we share Earth but also about who we are and our place in nature. We are (...)
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  33.  27
    Index to Volume 43.Fatima Agha Al-Hayani, Jacques Arnould, Ian G. Barbour, Marc Bekoff, Sjoerd L. Bonting, David Bradnick, Don Browning, John J. Carvalho Iv, Philip Clayton & Joseph K. Cosgrove - 2008 - Zygon 43 (4):783-795.
  34.  19
    A Cross-Species Comparative Approach to Positive Emotion Disturbance.June Gruber & Marc Bekoff - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (1):72-78.
    Recent discoveries stress the importance of studying positive emotion disturbances yet there remains little empirical work or integrative conceptual framework in this domain. We suggest that an ideally suited opportunity to advance the study of PED is to consider a cross-species evolutionary framework. We apply this framework—drawing from principles of stabilizing selection—to recent empirical findings in humans and nonhumans suggesting how positive emotion and associated play behaviors may lead to detrimental outcomes. This cross-species approach suggests a potential paradigm shift in (...)
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  35.  23
    The Animal's Point of View, Animal Welfare and Some Other Related Matters.Marc Bekoff - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):753-755.
  36. Considering Animals--Not Higher Primates.Marc Bekoff - 2003 - Zygon 38 (2):229-245.
  37. Collecting Birds: The Importance of Moral Debate.Marc Bekoff & Andrzej Elzanowski - 1997 - Bird Conservation International 7 (4):357-361.
    In a recent article in this journal, Remsen attacked moral objections to killing birds for museum collections, objections that are frequently raised by the general public and scientific community alike. The only grounds for moral objections against killing birds that Remsen considers and rejects are reverence for all life or personal, that is sentimental reasons. What Remsen ignores is avian sentience and the moral imperative of respecting it.
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  38.  27
    Description and Explanation: A Plea for Plurality.Marc Bekoff - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):269-270.
  39. Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare.Joy A. Mench & Marc Bekoff - 1998 - In Marc Bekoff & Carron A. Meaney (eds.), Encyclopedia of Animal Rights and Animal Welfare. Greenwood Press.
     
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  40.  3
    What Is a "Scale of Life?".Marc Bekoff - 1992 - Environmental Values 1 (3):253 - 256.
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  41. Redecorating Nature: Reflections on Science, Holism, Community, Humility, Reconciliation, Spirit, Compassion, and Love.Marc Bekoff - 2000 - Human Ecology Review 7 (1):59-67.
    Numerous humans - in my opinion, far too many - continue to live apart from nature, rather than as a part of nature. In this personal essay I discuss various aspects of traditional science and suggest that holistic and heart-driven compassionate science needs to replace reductionist and impersonal science. I argue that creative proactive solutions drenched in deep caring, respect, and love for the universe need to be developed to deal with the broad range of problems with which we are (...)
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  42. Appearance in This List Neither Guarantees nor Precludes a Future Review of the Book. Agamben, Diorgio, Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life, Heller-Roazen, Daniel (Transl.), Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 1998, Pp. 199,£ 30.00,£ 10.95. [REVIEW]Colin Allen, Marc Bekoff, George Lauder, F. R. Ankersmit, Tom L. Beauchamp, Carsten Bengt-Pedersen & Niels Thomassen - 1998 - Mind 107:428.
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  43.  35
    Empathy: Common Sense, Science Sense, Wolves, and Well-Being.Marc Bekoff - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):26-27.
    Empathy is likely more widely distributed among animals than many researchers realize or perhaps are willing to admit. Studies of social carnivores, other group-living animals, and communication via different modalities will help us learn more about the evolutionary roots and behavioral, sensory, and cognitive underpinnings of empathy, including what it means to have a sense of self. There are also important implications for debates about animal well-being.
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  44.  29
    But is It Research? What Price Interdisciplinary Interests?Marc Bekoff - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (2):249-252.
  45. Animal Welfare and Individual Characteristics: A Conversation Against Speciesism.Marc Bekoff & Lofe Gruen - 1993 - Ethics and Behavior 3 (2):163 – 175.
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  46. The Other Side of Silence: Rachel Carson's Views of Animals.Marc Bekoff & Jan Nystrom - 2004 - Zygon 39 (4):861-884.
  47.  40
    Compassionate Conservation and the Ethics of Species Research and Preservation: Hamsters, Black-Footed Ferrets, and a Response to Rob Irvine: Comment on “Ethics of Species Research and Preservation” by Rob Irvine. [REVIEW]Marc Bekoff - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):527-529.
  48.  2
    Integrating Humans and Nature: Reconciling the Boundaries of Science and Society.G. Bradshaw & Marc Bekoff - 2000 - Trends in Ecology and Evolution 15:309-310.
    Guidelines for submitting commentsPolicy: Comments that contribute to the discussion of the article will be posted within approximately three business days. We do not accept anonymous comments. Please include your email address; the address will not be displayed in the posted comment. Cell Press Editors will screen the comments to ensure that they are relevant and appropriate but comments will not be edited. The ultimate decision on publication of an online comment is at the Editors' discretion. Formatting: Please include a (...)
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  49. Deep Ethology.Marc Bekoff - unknown
     
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  50. Interpretation and Explanation in the Study of Animal Behavior: Volume Ii: Explanation, Evolution, and Adaptation.Marc Bekoff & Dale Jamieson - 1990 - Routledge.
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