Results for 'Manish Vaidya'

172 found
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  1.  7
    Are units of retention necessary?Manish Vaidya - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):559-559.
    Hull et al. propose a set of features that can be used to identify explanatory systems as being selectionist. The commentary questions the necessity of identifying a unit of retention at the level of behavior-environment interactions. It is concluded that an answer to the question “Are units of retention necessary?” can only be given in light of a clear statement of the goals of a science of behavior.
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  2. The Personality of Public Authorities.Manish Oza - forthcoming - Law and Philosophy:1-36.
    This paper is about when associations, and in particular associations that are part of the state, should be treated as legal persons. I distinguish two forms of association – those that render coherent the agency of their members and those that are group agents – and argue that only the latter should be treated as persons. Following this, I discuss the conditions under which associations that are part of the state can legitimately be group agents.
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  3.  42
    The Epistemology of Modality.Anand Vaidya - 2007 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  4.  19
    Understanding and Essence.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2010 - Philosophia 38 (4):811-833.
    Modal epistemology has been dominated by a focus on establishing an account either of how we have modal knowledge or how we have justified beliefs about modality. One component of this focus has been that necessity and possibility are basic access points for modal reasoning. For example, knowing that P is necessary plays a role in deducing that P is essential, and knowing that both P and ¬P are possible plays a role in knowing that P is accidental. Chalmers (2002) (...)
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  5.  21
    Biodynamic Interfaces Are Essential for Human–Environment Interactions.Manish Arora, Alessandro Giuliani & Paul Curtin - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (11):2000017.
    The environment impacts human health in profound ways, yet few theories define the form of the relationship between human physiology and the environment. It is conjectured that such complex systems cannot interact directly, but rather their interaction requires the formation of an intermediary “interface.” This position contrasts with current epidemiological constructs of causation, which implicitly assume that two complex systems transfer information directly while remaining separate entities. Further, it is contended that dynamic, process‐based interfaces incorporate components from all the interacting (...)
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  6.  19
    Conferralism.Anand Vaidya & Michael Wallner - 2024 - In Kathrin Koslicki & Michael J. Raven (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Essence in Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 472-486.
    In this article we survey Ásta’s (2008, 2013) conferralist account of essence, which provides a broadly anti-realist picture of essence. We first offer some thoughts on the difference between realist and anti-realist accounts of essence in general. Then we present Ásta’s notion of a conferred property and sketch her conferralist account of essence. Finally, we examine some critical questions conferralism faces.
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  7. The value of thinking and the normativity of logic.Manish Oza - 2020 - Philosophers' Imprint 20 (25):1-23.
    (1) This paper is about how to build an account of the normativity of logic around the claim that logic is constitutive of thinking. I take the claim that logic is constitutive of thinking to mean that representational activity must tend to conform to logic to count as thinking. (2) I develop a natural line of thought about how to develop the constitutive position into an account of logical normativity by drawing on constitutivism in metaethics. (3) I argue that, while (...)
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  8. Nonsense: a user's guide.Manish Oza - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Many philosophers suppose that sometimes we think we are saying or thinking something meaningful when in fact we’re not saying or thinking anything at all: we are producing nonsense. But what is nonsense? An account of nonsense must, I argue, meet two constraints. The first constraint requires that nonsense can be rationally engaged with, not just mentioned. In particular, we can reason with nonsense and use it within that-clauses. An account which fails to meet this constraint cannot explain why nonsense (...)
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  9.  16
    Nyāya Perceptual Theory: Disjunctivism or Anti-Individualism?Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (4):562-585.
    Misperception is part of the human condition. Consider a classic case of coming to confirm that one has had a misperception. On a stroll through the woods you see, in the distance, what seems to be a person. As you draw near, what looked like a person now appears to be a wooden post with a hat on it. On arrival you touch the post to confirm that it is not a person. From a pre-theoretical perspective, what has happened? On (...)
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  10.  20
    Toward a perceptual theory of transparency.Manish Singh & Barton L. Anderson - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (3):492-519.
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  11.  12
    Philosophical methodology: The current debate.Anand J. Vaidya - 2010 - Philosophical Psychology 23 (3):391-417.
  12.  13
    BioEssays 11/2020.Manish Arora, Alessandro Giuliani & Paul Curtin - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (11):2070111.
    Graphical AbstractWe can, for example, understand intimately how the human endocrine systems works, and likewise the chemical nature of compounds present in our environment; but the result of the interaction cannot be deduced from any simple combination of the two knowledge sets: it's not the interacting entities that we should be studying, but the process that creates the phenomena that we witness as a result of this interaction. This is the “biodynamic interface” to which Manish Arora, Alessandro Giuliani and (...)
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  13.  7
    Implications of Overwhelmed Leadership: How Executive Job Demands Hinder Corporate Sustainability Performance.Manish Popli & Mehul Raithatha - 2023 - Business and Society 62 (5):1031-1068.
    As implied by executive job demands theory, intensified job demands of a firm’s top executives limit their cognitive capacity and centralize the locus of decision-making, which may undermine corporate sustainability performance. The current study tests this effect, along with the impact of two contextual factors, to reveal that the negative influence of executive job demands is weaker if firms feature greater functional diversity and average tenure in their top management teams. In an extension of upper echelon theory, this study also (...)
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  14. Phāguna sātako samjhanāmā.Hutarāma Vaidya - 2005 - Lalitapura: Kamalamaṇi Dīkshita.
    Memoirs of a political thinker from Nepal.
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  15.  8
    Trust formation in information systems implementation in developing countries.Ranjan Vaidya - 2016 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 14 (2):182-199.
    The purpose of this study is to understand the trust formation expectations of stakeholders in the implementation of information and communications technology for development (ICT4D) projects.,This paper uses a qualitative methodology inspired by a critical approach. It uses a thematic analysis approach, and draws the results using a constant comparison method. It is guided by the Pierre Bourdieu’s theory of practices. This is an empirical study that uses semi-structured interviews for the data collection.,Lack of an integrated view of emancipatory expectations (...)
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  16.  9
    Salience of visual parts.Donald D. Hoffman & Manish Singh - 1997 - Cognition 63 (1):29-78.
  17.  13
    A combined diabetes renal clinic improves risk factor management and progression of renal disease in a district general hospital.Manish Patel, Ilona R. Shilliday & Gerard A. McKay - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (5):832-835.
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  18. Barry Maund, Perception Reviewed by.Anand J. Vaidya - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (3):193-195.
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  19. Murray Clarke, Reconstructing Reason and Representation Reviewed by.Anand J. Vaidya - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (1):17-19.
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  20. Relevance of Sri Aurobindo's Thoughts on Education to Teachers.Priya M. Vaidya - 2007 - In Indrani Sanyal & Krishna Roy (eds.), Understanding thoughts of Sri Aurobindo. New Delhi: D.K. Printworld in association with Jadavpur Univ., Kolkata. pp. 123.
  21. Fictions in legal reasoning.Manish Oza - 2022 - Dialogue 61 (3):451-463.
    A legal fiction is a knowingly false assumption that is given effect in a legal proceeding and that participants are not permitted to disprove. I offer a semantic pretence theory that shows how fiction-involving legal reasoning works.
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  22. The epistemology of modality and the problem of modal epistemic friction.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya & Michael Wallner - 2021 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 8):1909-1935.
    There are three theories in the epistemology of modality that have received sustained attention over the past 20 years: conceivability-theory, counterfactual-theory, and deduction-theory. In this paper we argue that all three face what we call the problem of modal epistemic friction. One consequence of the problem is that for any of the three accounts to yield modal knowledge, the account must provide an epistemology of essence. We discuss an attempt to fend off the problem within the context of the internalism (...)
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  23. Hegel and formal idealism.Manish Oza - forthcoming - Hegel Bulletin:1-25.
    I offer a new reconstruction of Hegel’s criticism of Kant’s idealism. Kant held that we impose categorial form on experience, while sensation provides its matter. Hegel argues that the matter we receive cannot guide our imposition of form on it. Contra recent interpretations, Hegel’s argument does not depend on a conceptualist account of perception or a view of the categories as empirically conditioned. His objection is that given Kant’s dualistic metaphysics, the categories cannot have material conditions for correct application. This (...)
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  24.  10
    A Person–Organization Fit-based Approach for Spirituality at Work: Development of a Conceptual Framework.Manish Singhal & Leena Chatterjee - 2006 - Journal of Human Values 12 (2):161-178.
    Management of meaning inside organizations has been an enduring issue in organization studies. Issues relating to commitment and control through the meaning-making mechanisms have been studied by organization culture theorists for sometime now. However, rapidly changing dynamics of the business environment lend these issues a critical salience today. Two factors of this dynamic context are particularly noteworthy. Firstly, a redefinition of the long-standing employment relationship—loyalty no longer being traded for lifelong employment—has led management to look for alternative sources of gaining (...)
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  25.  47
    Firm Characteristics, Industry Context, and Investor Reactions to Environmental CSR: A Stakeholder Theory Approach.James J. Cordeiro & Manish Tewari - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 130 (4):833-849.
    We use an event study to capture the investor reaction to the first Newsweek Green Rankings in September 2009, a notable, multi-dimensional recent development in the rating of corporate environmental CSR performance. Drawing on stakeholder theory, we develop hypotheses about market investor reaction to the disclosure of new, relevant corporate environmental performance in both the short and longer term, whether market investors’ reaction reflects industry context, and whether firm-level contextual variables representing firm size, and market legitimacy significantly impacts the investor (...)
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  26.  10
    Active vision and the basketball problem.Manish Singh & Donald D. Hoffman - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):772-773.
    It is fruitful to think of the representational and the organism-centered approaches as complementary levels of analysis, rather than mutually exclusive alternatives. Claims to the contrary by proponents of the organism-centered approach face what we call the “basketball problem.”.
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  27. Logical Form and the Limits of Thought.Manish Oza - 2020 - Dissertation, University of Toronto
    What is the relation of logic to thinking? My dissertation offers a new argument for the claim that logic is constitutive of thinking in the following sense: representational activity counts as thinking only if it manifests sensitivity to logical rules. In short, thinking has to be minimally logical. An account of thinking has to allow for our freedom to question or revise our commitments – even seemingly obvious conceptual connections – without loss of understanding. This freedom, I argue, requires that (...)
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  28. Phase I Oncology Research.Manish Agrawal - 2008 - In Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.), The Oxford textbook of clinical research ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 356.
     
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  29.  17
    Principles of contour information: Reply to Lim and Leek (2012).Manish Singh & Jacob Feldman - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):678-683.
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  30.  26
    Chaucer, Kant, and Continental Materialism.Manish Sharma - 2017 - Diacritics 45 (2):54-83.
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  31.  8
    Perception, inference, and the veridicality of natural constraints.Manish Singh & Donald D. Hoffman - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):395-396.
    Pylyshyn's target article argues that perception is not inferential, but this is true only under a narrow construal of inference. A more general construal is possible, and has been used to provide formal theories of many visual capacities. This approach also makes clear that the evolution of natural constraints need not converge to the “veridical” state of the world.
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  32.  10
    Parts of visual shape as primitives for categorization.Manish Singh & Barbara Landau - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):36-37.
    Converging psychophysical evidence suggests that the human visual system parses shapes into component parts for the purposes of object recognition. We examine the Schyns et al. claim of “creation” of features in light of recent work on part-based representations of visual shape, particularly the perceptual rules that human vision uses to parse shapes.
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  33.  90
    Medieval Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary.Gyula Klima, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.
    This collection of readings with extensive editorial commentary brings together key texts of the most influential philosophers of the medieval era to provide a comprehensive introduction for students of philosophy. Features the writings of Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, Boethius, John Duns Scotus and other leading medieval thinkers Features several new translations of key thinkers of the medieval era, including John Buridan and Averroes Readings are accompanied by expert commentary from the editors, who are leading scholars in the field.
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  34. Vaigyanik Shiksha: Samajik Sarokaron ka Sandarbh.Manish Sharma - 2022 - Samantar 23 (02):31-34.
    इस पर्चे में मैंने विज्ञान के विकास को आधुनिकता की पृष्टभूमि में मानव-मुक्ति के लक्ष्य की दशा व दिशा के सन्दर्भ में आलोचनात्मक विश्लेषण पद्धति से समझने का प्रयास किया है। इस कार्य के लिए मैंने पेपर में चार प्रमुख बिंदुओं को उढाया है। -/- पहला बिंदु विज्ञान की मूल्य निरपेक्षता (Value neutrality) को लेकर है जिसके तहत मैंने पूँजी के साथ विज्ञान के संबंध को समझने का प्रयास किया है। -/- दूसरे बिंदु में विज्ञान शिक्षा और सामाजिक सरोकार के (...)
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  35.  83
    Analytic Panpsychism and the Metaphysics of Rāmānuja’s Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta.Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2022 - The Monist 105 (1):110-130.
    Analytic Panpsychism has been brought into contact with Indian philosophy primarily through an examination of the Advaita Vedānta tradition and the Yogācāra tradition. In this work I explore the relation between Rāmānuja, the 12th century father of the Viśiṣṭādvaita Vedānta tradition, and analytic panpsychism. I argue that Rāmānuja’s philosophy inspires a more world affirming form of cosmopsychism where there are different kinds of reality, rather than one fundamental reality of pure consciousness and an ordinary wrold that is illusory from the (...)
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  36.  57
    Epistemology of Modality and Philosophical Methodology.Duško Prelević & Anand Vaidya (eds.) - 2023 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book collects original essays on the epistemology of modality and related issues in modal metaphysics and philosophical methodology. The contributors utilize both the newer metaphysics-first and the more traditional epistemology-first approaches to these issues. The chapters on modal epistemology mostly focus on the problem of how we can gain knowledge of possibilities, which have never been actualized, or necessities which are not provable either by logico-mathematical reasoning or by linguistic competence alone. These issues are closely related to some of (...)
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  37.  29
    Institutionalization of firm’s commitment to CSR—a mimetic isomorphism perspective.Manish Bansal & Sastry Sarath Pendyala - 2023 - Asian Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):129-150.
    The purpose of the study is to investigate whether internal and external institutional environmental conditions play a role in the institutionalization of strategic commitment to corporate social responsibility (CSR) among Indian firms in the wake of the mandatory CSR norms or not (where the firms of certain size and profitability are mandated to spend on CSR). The study examines the fixed effects regression on balanced panel data collected from the annual reports and Prowess database of Bombay Stock Exchange-listed firms. Our (...)
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  38.  7
    Resurrecting Jatayu: A Speculative Cinema and Role-Playing Game.Jessica Stokes & Anuj Vaidya - 2023 - Feminist Review 133 (1):90-95.
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  39.  9
    Intuition and Inquiry.Anand Vaidya - 2012 - Essays in Philosophy 13 (1):285-296.
    Recent work in philosophical methodology by experimental philosophers has brought to light a certain kind of skepticism about the role of intuitions in a priori philosophical inquiry. In this paper I turn attention away from a priori philosophical inquiry and on to the role of intuition in experimental design. I argue that even if we have reason to be skeptical about the role of intuition in a priori philosophical inquiry, we cannot remove intuition from inquiry altogether, because appeals to intuition (...)
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  40.  9
    Perception: Scriptures’ Perspective.Manish Dhingra & Vaishali Dhingra - 2011 - Journal of Human Values 17 (1):63-72.
    Perception is a very complex cognitive process that yields a unique picture of the world, a picture that may be quite different from reality. A number of factors operate to shape and sometimes distort perception. These factors can reside in the perceiver, in the object or target being perceived, or in the context of the situation in which perception is made. Understanding the complex process of perception is very important in the study of Organizational Behaviour as human behaviour is based (...)
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  41.  5
    Meditation on relativism, absolutism, and beyond.Anand Vaidya - 2014 - Comparative Philosophy 5 (1).
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  42.  2
    Stardust findings: implications for panspermia.Pushkar Ganesh Vaidya - 2009 - Apeiron: Studies in Infinite Nature 16 (2):225.
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  43.  1
    Varieties of Things.Anand Vaidya - 2007 - Review of Metaphysics 60 (3):668-670.
  44.  60
    Susan Schneider on Artificial Consciousness and Moral Standing.A. Vaidya & R. Krishnaswamy - forthcoming - Analysis.
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  45. Inquiring Universal Religion in the Times of Consumer Mythology.Manish Sharma - 2022 - Rabindra Bharati Journal of Philosophy 23 (09):17-24.
    Human beings as self-conscious, aesthetic, sympathetic, and empathetic beings develop various ways to live in this world. They continue to aspire for a better version of themselves and their lives. In this process, they developed certain ethical norms, social practices, and ways to perceive and understand this world. These qualities become the basis for proactive steps of spirituality which in turn become the foundation of religion. In human history, religion has helped individuals to fulfill various human needs irrespective of their (...)
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  46. Exploring the Concept of Self in Shrimad Bhagwat Gita for Developing Environmental Consciousness.Manish Sharma - 2021 - Gurukul Patrika 73 (02):96-107.
    In the contemporary era, we identify ourselves based on what we consume or what we possess. Besides, various advertisements, celebrities, and other influential personalities encourage and make us believe that we can make a new identity by consuming a specific brand, or relating to a particular institution or connecting with an extraordinary group, etc. Hence, we tend to identify ourselves with consumer goods. In such conditions, Srimad Bhagwat Gita becomes significantly relevant to look for alternative way of life. This paper (...)
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  47.  58
    Reality+: Virtual Worlds and the Problems of Philosophy by David J. Chalmers (review).Anand Jayprakash Vaidya - 2023 - Philosophy East and West 73 (1):1-6.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Reality+: Virtual Worlds and the Problems of Philosophy by David J. ChalmersAnand Jayprakash Vaidya (bio)Reality+: Virtual Worlds and the Problems of Philosophy. By David J. Chalmers. New York, NY: W.W Norton & Company, 2022. Pp. xi + 520. Hardcover $22.49, isbn 978-0-393635-80-5.It isn't uncommon to think that virtual worlds, the worlds we engage with in video games, for example, are not real or at least less real (...)
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  48.  64
    Identifying Philosophical Themes to Develop a Holistic Model for Education in the Twenty First Century.Manish Sharma - 2017 - Innovative Research Thoughts 3 (08):142-154. Translated by Manish Sharma.
    Twenty first century is posing unprecedented challenges for the human existence and development. This era has witnessed awesome economic & technological growth, increased connectedness but great poverty, malnutrition, anxiety, mental stress and environmental degradation. Thus, this time depicts great contradiction, uncertainty, and risk. Accordingly, in this era a holistic education system has to deal with the challenges such as population growth, terrorism, environmental degradation, hegemony of machines, mental stress, cultivating creativity, bridging the skill and wisdom gap, and expanding human potential (...)
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  49. Wage competition and the special-obligations challenge to more open borders.Arash Abizadeh, Manish Pandey & Sohrab Abizadeh - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (3):255-269.
    According to the special-obligations challenge to the justice argument for more open borders, immigration restrictions to wealthier polities are justified because of special obligations owed to disadvantaged compatriots negatively impacted by the immigration of low-skilled foreign workers. We refute the special-obligations challenge by refuting its empirical premise and draw out the normative implications of the empirical evidence for border policies. We show that immigration to wealthier polities has negligible impact on domestic wages and that only previous cohorts of immigrants are (...)
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  50.  13
    Environment and human health as complex interacting systems.Manish Arora - 2021 - Bioessays 43 (9):2100177.
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