Results for 'Malte H��fner'

1000+ found
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  1.  20
    Language and Arithmetic: A Failure to Find Cross Cognitive Domain Semantic Priming Between Exception Phrases and Subtraction or Addition.Golnoush Ronasi, Martin H. Fischer & Malte Zimmermann - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  2.  8
    Fotis Jannidis/Hubertus Kohle/Malte Rehbein : Digital Humanities. Eine Einführung, Stuttgart: J. B. Metzler Verlag 2017, 370 S. [REVIEW]Joachim H. Knoll - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 70 (4):402-405.
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  3.  6
    A Companion to Cognitive Science.George Graham & William Bechtel (eds.) - 1998 - Blackwell.
    Part I: The Life of Cognitive Science:. William Bechtel, Adele Abrahamsen, and George Graham. Part II: Areas of Study in Cognitive Science:. 1. Analogy: Dedre Gentner. 2. Animal Cognition: Herbert L. Roitblat. 3. Attention: A.H.C. Van Der Heijden. 4. Brain Mapping: Jennifer Mundale. 5. Cognitive Anthropology: Charles W. Nuckolls. 6. Cognitive and Linguistic Development: Adele Abrahamsen. 7. Conceptual Change: Nancy J. Nersessian. 8. Conceptual Organization: Douglas Medin and Sandra R. Waxman. 9. Consciousness: Owen Flanagan. 10. Decision Making: J. Frank Yates (...)
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  4. Dynamics of Epistemic Modality.Malte Willer - 2013 - Philosophical Review 122 (1):45-92.
    A dynamic semantics for epistemically modalized sentences is an attractive alternative to the orthodox view that our best theory of meaning ascribes to such sentences truth-conditions relative to what is known. This essay demonstrates that a dynamic theory about might and must offers elegant explanations of a range of puzzling observations about epistemic modals. The first part of the story offers a unifying treatment of disputes about epistemic modality and disputes about matters of fact while at the same time avoiding (...)
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  5.  25
    Genesis und Geltung zusammen denken. Hans Joas, interviewt von Malte Dreyer und Walter Zitterbarth.Hans Joas, Malte Dreyer & Walter Zitterbarth - 2014 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 62 (5).
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  6.  39
    Lessons From Sobel Sequences.Malte Willer - 2017 - Semantics and Pragmatics 10 (4):1-57.
    Folklore has it that Sobel sequences favor a variably strict analysis of conditionals over its plainly strict alternative. While recent discussions for or against the lore have focussed on Sobel sequences involving counterfactuals, this paper draws attention to the fact that indicative Sobel sequences are just as felicitous as are their counterfactual cousins. The fact, or so I shall argue here, disrupts the folklore: given minimal assumptions about the semantics and pragmatics of indicative conditionals, a textbook variably strict analysis fails (...)
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  7.  3
    Words and the Mind: How Words Capture Human Experience.Barbara Malt & Phillip M. Wolff (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The study of word meanings promises important insights into the nature of the human mind by revealing what people find to be most cognitively significant in their experience. However, as we learn more about the semantics of various languages, we are faced with an interesting problem. Different languages seem to be telling us different stories about the mind. For example, important distinctions made in one language are not necessarily made in others. What are we to make of these cross-linguistic differences? (...)
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  8.  17
    Category Essence or Essentially Pragmatic? Creator’s Intention in Naming and What’s Really What.Barbara C. Malt & Steven A. Sloman - 2007 - Cognition 105 (3):615-648.
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  9. Hall H.H. L. Dreyfus & J. Haugeland - 1992 - In Hubert L. Dreyfuss & Harrison Hall (eds.), Heidegger: A Critical Reader. Blackwell.
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  10. Two Puzzles About Ability Can.Malte Willer - 2021 - Linguistics and Philosophy 44 (3):551-586.
    The received wisdom on ability modals is that they differ from their epistemic and deontic cousins in what inferences they license and better receive a universal or conditional analysis instead of an existential one. The goal of this paper is to sharpen the empirical picture about the semantics of ability modals, and to propose an analysis that explains what makes the can of ability so special but that also preserves the crucial idea that all uses of can share a common (...)
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  11. A Remark on Iffy Oughts.Malte Willer - 2012 - Journal of Philosophy 109 (7):449-461.
    Every adequate semantics for conditionals and deontic ought must offer a solution to the miners paradox about conditional obligations. Kolodny and MacFarlane have recently argued that such a semantics must reject the validity of modus ponens. I demonstrate that rejecting the validity of modus ponens is inessential for an adequate solution to the paradox.
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  12.  43
    Simplifying with Free Choice.Malte Willer - 2018 - Topoi 37 (3):379-392.
    This paper offers a unified semantic explanation of two observations that prove to be problematic for classical analyses of modals, conditionals, and disjunctions: the fact that disjunctions scoping under possibility modals give rise to the free choice effect and the fact that counterfactuals license simplification of disjunctive antecedents. It shows that the data are well explained by a dynamic semantic analysis of modals and conditionals that uses ideas from the inquisitive semantic tradition in its treatment of disjunction. The analysis explains (...)
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  13. Advice for Noncognitivists.Malte Willer - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (S1):174–207.
    Metaethical noncognitivists have trouble arriving at a respectable semantic theory for moral language. The goal of this article is to make substantial progress toward demonstrating that these problems may be overcome. Replacing the predominant expressivist semantic agenda in metaethics with a dynamic perspective on meaning and communication allows noncognitivists to provide a satisfying analysis of negation and other constructions that have been argued to be problematic for metaethical noncognitivism, including disjunctions. The resulting proposal preserves some of the key insights from (...)
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  14.  61
    Why We Should Do Without Concepts.Barbara C. Malt - 2010 - Mind and Language 25 (5):622-633.
    Machery (2009) has proposed that the notion of ‘concept’ ought to be eliminated from the theoretical vocabulary of psychology. I raise three questions about his argument: (1) Is there a meaningful distinction between concepts and background knowledge? (2) Do we need to discard the hybrid view? (3) Are there really categories of things in the world that are the basis for concepts? Although I argue that the answer to all three is ‘no’, I agree with Machery's conclusion that seeking a (...)
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  15. Dynamic Thoughts on Ifs and Oughts.Malte Willer - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14:1-30.
    A dynamic semantics for iffy oughts offers an attractive alternative to the folklore that Chisholm's paradox enforces an unhappy choice between the intuitive inference rules of factual and deontic detachment. The first part of the story told here shows how a dynamic theory about ifs and oughts gives rise to a nonmonotonic perspective on deontic discourse and reasoning that elegantly removes the air of paradox from Chisholm's puzzle without sacrificing any of the two detachment principles. The second part of the (...)
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  16.  35
    Mindfulness Meditation Counteracts Self-Control Depletion.Malte Friese, Claude Messner & Yves Schaffner - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):1016-1022.
    Mindfulness meditation describes a set of different mental techniques to train attention and awareness. Trait mindfulness and extended mindfulness interventions can benefit self-control. The present study investigated the short-term consequences of mindfulness meditation under conditions of limited self-control resources. Specifically, we hypothesized that a brief period of mindfulness meditation would counteract the deleterious effect that the exertion of self-control has on subsequent self-control performance. Participants who had been depleted of self-control resources by an emotion suppression task showed decrements in self-control (...)
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  17. Artifact Categorization: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.Barbara C. Malt & Steven A. Sloman - 2007 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Creations of the Mind: Theories of Artifacts and Their Representaion. Oxford University Press. pp. 85--123.
  18.  2
    Governing Algorithms: Myth, Mess, and Methods.Malte Ziewitz - 2016 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 41 (1):3-16.
    Algorithms have developed into somewhat of a modern myth. On the one hand, they have been depicted as powerful entities that rule, sort, govern, shape, or otherwise control our lives. On the other hand, their alleged obscurity and inscrutability make it difficult to understand what exactly is at stake. What sustains their image as powerful yet inscrutable entities? And how to think about the politics and governance of something that is so difficult to grasp? This editorial essay provides a critical (...)
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  19. New Surprises for the Ramsey Test.Malte Willer - 2010 - Synthese 176 (2):291 - 309.
    In contemporary discussions of the Ramsey Test for conditionals, it is commonly held that (i) supposing the antecedent of a conditional is adopting a potential state of full belief, and (ii) Modus Ponens is a valid rule of inference. I argue on the basis of Thomason Conditionals (such as ' If Sally is deceiving, I do not believe it') and Moore's Paradox that both claims are wrong. I then develop a double-indexed Update Semantics for conditionals which takes these two results (...)
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  20.  28
    Liberalism: H. J. McCloskey.H. J. Mccloskey - 1974 - Philosophy 49 (187):13-32.
    Liberalism is commonly believed, especially by its exponents, to be opposed to interference by way of enforcing value judgments or concerning itself with the individual's morality. My concern is to show that this is not so and that liberalism is all the better for this. Many elements have contributed to liberal thought as we know it today, the major elements being the liberalism of which Locke is the most celebrated exponent, which is based upon a belief in natural, human rights; (...)
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  21. The Notion of a Recognitional Concept and Other Confusions.Malte Dahlgrün - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 150 (1):139 - 160.
    The notion of a recognitional concept (RC) is stated precisely and shown to be unrelated to the proper notion of a perceptually based concept, defining of concept empiricism. More fundamentally, it is argued that the notion of an RC does not reflect a potentially sensible candidate theory of concepts at all and therefore ought to be abandoned from concept-theoretical discourse. In the later parts of the paper, it is shown independently of these points that Fodor's attacks on RCs are in (...)
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  22.  17
    Back to Buchanan? Explorations of Welfare and Subjectivism in Behavioral Economics.Malte F. Dold - 2018 - Journal of Economic Methodology 25 (2):160-178.
    In light of behavioral findings regarding inconsistent individual decision-making, economists have begun to re-conceptualize the notion of welfare. One prominent account is the preference purification approach, which attempts to reconstruct preferences from choice data based on a normative understanding of neoclassical rationality. Using Buchanan’s notion of creative choice, this paper criticizes PP’s epistemic, ontological, and psychological assumptions. It identifies PP as a static position that assumes the satisfaction of given ‘true preferences’ as the normative standard for welfare. However, following Buchanan, (...)
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  23.  90
    A New Cladistics of Cladists.Malte C. Ebach, Juan J. Morrone & David M. Williams - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):153-156.
  24. An Update on Epistemic Modals.Malte Willer - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (6):835–849.
    Epistemic modals are a prominent topic in the literature on natural language semantics, with wide-ranging implications for issues in philosophy of language and philosophical logic. Considerations about the role that epistemic "might" and "must" play in discourse and reasoning have led to the development of several important alternatives to classical possible worlds semantics for natural language modal expressions. This is an opinionated overview of what I take to be some of the most exciting issues and developments in the field.
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  25. Inclusive Citizenship als Bildungspraxis – provisorische Leitlinien.Malte Kleinschmidt & Dirk Lange - 2021 - Polis 25 (1):22-24.
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  26.  15
    Anschauung and the Archetype: The Role of Goethe's Delicate Empiricism in Comparative Biology.Malte C. Ebach - 2005 - Janus Head 8 (1):254-270.
    Comparative biology is a field that deals with morphology. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe recognised comparative biology, not as a passive science obsessed with counting similarities as it is today, but as an active field wherein he sought to perceive the inter-relationships of individual organisms to the organic whole, which he termed the archetype. I submit that Goethe’s archetype and his application of a technique termed the Anschauung are rigorous and significant ways to conduct delicate empiricism in comparative biology. The future (...)
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  27.  2
    A Not Quite Random Walk: Experimenting with the Ethnomethods of the Algorithm.Malte Ziewitz - 2017 - Big Data and Society 4 (2).
    Algorithms have become a widespread trope for making sense of social life. Science, finance, journalism, warfare, and policing—there is hardly anything these days that has not been specified as “algorithmic.” Yet, although the trope has brought together a variety of audiences, it is not quite clear what kind of work it does. Often portrayed as powerful yet inscrutable entities, algorithms maintain an air of mystery that makes them both interesting and difficult to understand. This article takes on this problem and (...)
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  28.  26
    K.H. Ahmad Sanusi : Biografi Ulama Hadis Keturunan Nabi Saw Asal Sukabumi.H. Istikhori - 2019 - Refleksi 18 (1):30-65.
    Hadith scholars are individuals who play an important role in the spread of the Prophetic traditions. in the midst of his people, as an authoritative source after the Qur'an for the complete Islamic legal construct, which was previously discovered and compiled by the Imam of Hadith in their canonical books, like Imam Muḥammad ibn Ismā’īl al-Bukhārī in “Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī” and Muslim Imam ibn al-Ḥajjāj al-Naysābūrī in “Muslim Ṣaḥīḥ”, through long tracing from one country to another in order to obtain directly (...)
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  29.  1
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Margit Thøfner - 1995 - British Journal of Aesthetics 35 (2):187-188.
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  30.  24
    Artifact Category Membership and the Intentional-Historical Theory.Barbara C. Malt & Eric C. Johnson - 1998 - Cognition 66 (1):79-85.
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  31.  38
    The Unwitting Muse: Jakob von Uexkülls Theory of Umwelt and Twentieth-Century Literature.Malte Herwig - 2001 - Semiotica 2001 (134).
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  32.  10
    An-Arche and Indifference.Malte Fabian Rauch - 2021 - Philosophy Today 65 (3):619-636.
    This essay explores Giorgio Agamben’s engagement with Reiner Schürmann, focusing in particular on their ontological understanding of anarchy. Setting out from the lacuna in the literature on this issue, it gives a close reading of the passages where Agamben addresses Schürmann, interrogates the role of of arche in Agamben’s works and links his interest in Schürmann to his long-standing critique of Derrida. Tracing these issues through Agamben’s and Schürmann’s texts, it becomes apparent that both authors operate with a strikingly similar (...)
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  33.  19
    William H. McNeill. "Mythistory and Other Essays". [REVIEW]Patrick H. Hutton - 1988 - New Vico Studies 6:179.
  34. GOUHIER, H. -Les Conversions de Maine de Biran. [REVIEW]H. B. Acton - 1949 - Mind 58:107.
  35. LASSWELL, H. D. -The Analysis of Political Behaviour, An Empirical Approach. [REVIEW]H. B. Acton - 1948 - Mind 57:510.
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  36. SPIEGELBERG, H. -Gesetz Und Sittengesetz. [REVIEW]H. B. Acton - 1938 - Mind 47:264.
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  37.  3
    Genetic Transparency? Ethical and Social Implications of Next Generation Human Genomics and Genetic Medicine.Malte Dreyer, Jeanette Erdmann & Christoph Rehmann-Sutter (eds.) - 2016 - Brill | Rodopi.
    _Genetic Transparency?_ tackles the question of who has, or should have access to personal genomic information. Genomics experts and scholars from the humanities and social sciences discuss the changes in interpersonal relationships, human self-understandings, ethics, law, and the health systems.
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  38.  60
    Reply to Barbara Malt and Jesse Prinz.Edouard Machery - 2010 - Mind and Language 25 (5):634-646.
    In this response to Malt's and Prinz's commentaries, I argue that neo-empiricist hypotheses fail to threaten the argument for the elimination of ‘concept’ because they are unlikely to be true of all concepts, if they are true at all. I also defend the hypothesis that we possess bodies of knowledge retrieved by default from long-term memory, and I argue that prototypes, exemplars, and theories form genuinely distinct concepts.
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  39. ELLIOT, H. - Herbert Spencer. [REVIEW]H. W. Carr - 1917 - Mind 26:366.
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  40. ELLIOT, H. S. R. -Modern Science and the Illusions of Prof. Bergson. [REVIEW]H. Wildon Carr - 1912 - Mind 21:599.
     
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  41. F. H. Bradley, Essays on Truth and Reality. [REVIEW]H. Wildon Carr - 1913 - Hibbert Journal 12:697.
     
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  42. H.L.A. Hart y El Concepto de Derecho.H. L. A. Hart & Agustín Squella - 1986 - Universidad de Valparaiso.
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  43.  92
    Global Bioethics: The Collapse of Consensus : Edited by H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.H. Tristram Engelhardt (ed.) - 2006 - M & M Scrivener Press.
    This collection of essays, Global Bioethics: The Collapse of Consensus, deals with the issue of the repeated failure of attempts to derive a universal set of ...
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  44. PATON, H. J. - The Categorical Imperative: A Study in Kant's Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. Barker - 1948 - Mind 57:93.
  45. Engert, H. S. Reimarus als Metaphysiker.H. Wilmanns - 1909 - Kant-Studien 14:565.
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  46. H-C Lucas & O Poggeler Eds.'S Hegels Rechtsphilosophie. [REVIEW]H. Williams - 1986 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 14:37-41.
     
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  47. H. D. A. Major, Civilisation and Religious Values. [REVIEW]H. G. Wood - 1948 - Hibbert Journal 47:300.
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  48.  30
    H. H. LoomsJr., and R. H. WymanJr., On Complete Sets of Logic Primitives. IEEE Transactions on Electronic Computers, Vol. EC-14 , Pp. 173–174. [REVIEW]H. B. Enderton - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (1):160.
  49.  14
    H. E. Armstrong and the Teaching of Science, 1880-1930.W. H. Brock - 1974 - British Journal of Educational Studies 22 (1):119-120.
  50.  20
    F. H. Bradley.H. B. Action - 1960 - Philosophical Books 1 (2):20-22.
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