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Malcolm Oswald
University of Manchester
  1.  3
    Should Free-Text Data in Electronic Medical Records Be Shared for Research? A Citizens’ Jury Study in the UK.Elizabeth Ford, Malcolm Oswald, Lamiece Hassan, Kyle Bozentko, Goran Nenadic & Jackie Cassell - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (6):367-377.
    BackgroundUse of routinely collected patient data for research and service planning is an explicit policy of the UK National Health Service and UK government. Much clinical information is recorded in free-text letters, reports and notes. These text data are generally lost to research, due to the increased privacy risk compared with structured data. We conducted a citizens’ jury which asked members of the public whether their medical free-text data should be shared for research for public benefit, to inform an ethical (...)
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  2.  7
    Should Policy Ethics Come in Two Colours: Green or White?Malcolm Oswald - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):312-315.
    When writing about policy, do you think in green or white? If not, I recommend that you do. I suggest that writers and journal editors should explicitly label every policy ethics paper either ‘green’ or ‘white’. A green paper is an unconstrained exploration of a policy question. The controversial ‘After-birth abortion’ paper is an example. Had it been labelled as ‘green’, readers could have understood what Giubilini and Minerva explained later: that it was a discussion of philosophical ideas, and not (...)
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  3. In a Democracy, What Should a Healthcare System Do? A Dilemma for Public Policymakers.Malcolm Oswald - 2013 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics (1):1470594-13497670.
    In modern representative democracies, much healthcare is publicly funded or provided and so the question of what healthcare systems should do is a matter of public policy. Given that public resources are inevitably limited, what should be done and who should benefit from healthcare? It is a dilemma for policymakers and a subject of debate within several disciplines, but rarely across disciplines. In this paper, I draw on thinking from several disciplines and especially philosophy, economics, and systems theory. I conclude (...)
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  4.  13
    In a Democracy, What Should a Healthcare System Do? A Dilemma for Public Policymakers.Malcolm Oswald - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (1):23-52.
    In modern representative democracies, much healthcare is publicly funded or provided and so the question of what healthcare systems should do is a matter of public policy. Given that public resources are inevitably limited, what should be done and who should benefit from healthcare? It is a dilemma for policymakers and a subject of debate within several disciplines, but rarely across disciplines. In this paper, I draw on thinking from several disciplines and especially philosophy, economics, and systems theory. I conclude (...)
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  5.  27
    How Can One Be Both a Philosophical Ethicist and a Democrat?Malcolm Oswald - 2013 - Health Care Analysis (1):1-10.
    How can one be both a philosophical ethicist and a democrat? In this article I conclude that it can be difficult to reconcile the two roles. One involves understanding, and reconciling, the conflicting views of citizens, and the other requires the pursuit of truth through reason. Nevertheless, an important function of philosophy and ethics is to inform and improve policy. If done effectively, we could expect better, and more just, laws and policies, thereby benefiting many lives. So applying philosophical thinking (...)
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  6.  1
    Response to Commentaries on ‘Should Free-Text Data in Electronic Medical Records Be Shared for Research? A Citizens’ Jury Study in the UK’.Elizabeth Ford & Malcolm Oswald - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (6):384-385.
    We note a range of interesting and challenging points which take forward the discourse around the ethics of sharing patient data. Of most note are criticisms of our jury recruitment and methods; questioning how we can engender trust and support from the wider, uninformed public when we only have the view of a small informed public; asking what work needs to be done to ethically transfer data from a clinical care setting to that of research; suggesting that dynamic consent with (...)
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